The reason why I chose lupus is because lupus is one of the many diseases that can affect me because I am a woman. Lupus is one of the many diseases that are an autoimmune disease. Personally I know of three people in my life that have this disease, and it affects me because I am so close to these people.
Explanation and History of Lupus
Lupus was included in the atlas of skin diseases in 1856.
Lupus is an chronic autoimmune disease that can damage any part of the human body.
Lupus can affect the different body systems, including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, heart and lungs.
Lupus is a disease that flares which means the symptoms worsen and you feel ill and goes into remission.
Lupus is not contagious!
Affects women more than men.
Four types of Lupus:
Of these four types of lupus Systemic Lupus is the most common and serious
1.5 million Americans have lupus
More than 16,000 cases are reported annually
Cause of Lupus
The cause of lupus is not known. It can be from many factors. Lupus is likely due to a combination of factors such as genes inherited from parents and exposure to certain substances and chemicals.
Signs and Symptoms
Painful or swollen joints
Anemia (low amounts of iron in the bloodstream)
Swelling in feet, hands, and around eyes
When breathing deep there is pain in the chest
Unusual hair loss
Abnormal blood clotting
Mouth or Nose Ulcers
Fingers turning white or blue when cold
Butterfly rash between nose and cheeks
A patients entire medical history is reviewed
Lab Tests including:
Complete Blood Count which is red blood cell and white blood cell count, hemoglobin total, hematocrit (the amount of blood composed of red blood cells) and the size of the red blood cells
Complement level testing
Antinuclear antibody testing
Lupus Anticoagulant Antibody Test
Doctors use the “Eleven Criteria” to diagnose lupus.
Malar rash (butterfly rash on face)
Painless mouth or nose ulcers
Arthritis in two or more joints
Inflammation of the lining around the heart and or lungs
Seizures and or psychosis
Renal Kidney Disorder
Hemotologic Blood Disorder
Antinuclear Antibodies (ANA)
Treating lupus is a very hard task considering that every person affected can have different signs and symptoms and a different type of lupus.
Medicines can take months even years to treat the problems associated with lupus.
People with lupus are often treated by a rheumatologist who specializes in diseases of the joints and muscles.
Medicines often include:
Corticosteroids (prednisone, prednisolone, methylprednisolone, and hydrocortisone)
There are also alternative ways of treating lupus which include:
Acupuncture and Tai Chi
Herbs and other natural supplements
Varies widely on the organs affected and how bad they are affected.
A normal lifespan is possible for all patients who visit their doctor(s) regularly.
Remissions and relapses are very common.
5 year survival rate is 97% and 10 year survival rate is 90%
Complications can include
Lupus is a very difficult disease to deal with if you or a loved one has. It is an autoimmune system disease that affects the bodys immune system. It affects all and any part of the body. It is more common in females than males and it is not contagious. More than 16,000 cases are reported annually. So make sure you get checked if you feel as if you or any one you love have any of the symptoms.