Stone Installation Treatment Maintenance For Hotels & Resorts En 2012
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Stone Installation Treatment Maintenance For Hotels & Resorts En 2012

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A guidance to help you understand how to deal with installation, problem treatment and maintenance of the whole life of stone in a hotel or a resort.

A guidance to help you understand how to deal with installation, problem treatment and maintenance of the whole life of stone in a hotel or a resort.

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Stone Installation Treatment Maintenance For Hotels & Resorts En 2012 Stone Installation Treatment Maintenance For Hotels & Resorts En 2012 Presentation Transcript

  • Stone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 1 Solutions for Hotels & Resorts
  • ContentsStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 2 • Solution for Installation • Stone Diseases • Case Studies of Treatment • Full Service Maintenance • Contact Us
  • Stone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 3 Solution for Installation Category of Decorative Stone Steps of Design Installation
  • Category of Decorative StoneStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 4 • Travertine (A Sort of Limestone) • Limestone • Sandstone • Granite • Slate • Marble • Jade • Artificial Stone (Ignored in this lecture)
  • TravertineStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 5 • Geochemistry – A terrestrial sedimentary rock formed by the precipitation of carbonate minerals. – A form of limestone deposited by mineral springs and no grains contained. • Occurrence: Europe (Italy, Central Europe), U.S., Indonesia… • Chemical properties – Colonized by macrophytes, bryophytes, algae, cyanobacteria and other organisms. – Composition: SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3, MgO, CaO, K2O, Na2O, TiO2, MnO… • Physical properties – Low density. – Super absorbent. – Low compression strength. – Low bending strength. – Low hardness. – Low gloss. – Low wear resistance. • Uses: Facades, wall cladding, flooring… • Warning – Porous and high absorption, sensitive in wetting and densely-populated area. – Weak impact resistance, sensitive in high traffic area.
  • LimestoneStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 6 • Geochemistry – A sedimentary rock composed largely of the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate. – Composed from skeletal fragments of marine organisms, coral, foraminifera, etc. • Occurrence: Canada, USA, France, Ireland, Vietnam, China… • Chemical properties – Minerals calcite, aragonite, sand, etc. – Reactive to acid solutions, e.g., acid rain, acid-based cleaning chemicals. • Physical properties – Low density. – Super absorbent. – Low compression strength. – Low bending strength. – Low hardness. – Low gloss. – Low wear resistance.. • Uses: Tables, internal wall cladding, flooring… • Warning – Porous and high absorption, sensitive in wetting and densely-populated area. – Acid-based cleaning chemicals may etch the surface.
  • SandstoneStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 7 • Geochemistry – A sedimentary rock composed largely of the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate. – Composed from skeletal fragments of marine organisms, coral, foraminifera, etc. • Occurrence: Australia, India, Span, China… • Chemical properties – Quartz/feldspar, silicon, calcium, clay, iron, oxide, etc. – Reactive to acid solutions, e.g., acid rain, acid-based cleaning chemicals. • Physical properties – Low density. – Super absorbent. – Low compression strength. – Low bending strength. – Low hardness. – Low gloss. – Low wear resistance.. • Uses: Tables, façade, internal wall cladding, flooring… • Warning – Porous and high absorption, sensitive in wetting and densely-populated area. – Can easily get rusted and corrupted. .
  • GraniteStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 8 • Geochemistry – Granite is a common widely occurring type of intrusive, felsic, igneous rock which is granular and crystalline in texture. • Occurrence: Australia, India, Span, China… • Chemical properties – Quartz, mica, feldspar. – SiO2, Al2O3, K2O, Na2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, MgO, TiO2, P2O5, MnO… • Physical properties – Density from 2.65-2.75g/cm3 – Compressive strength lies above 200Mpa – Melting temperature is 1215-1260 ℃ • Uses: Square, exterior walls, public flooring… • Warning – Porous and high absorption, sensitive in wetting and densely-populated area. – Can easily get rusted and corrupted. .
  • SlateStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 9 • Geochemistry – A fine-grained, foliated, homogeneous metamorphic rock derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock. – Composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism. • Occurrence: China, Americas, Europe, etc. • Chemical properties – Quartz, muscovite, or illite, often along with biotite, chlorite, hematite, and less frequently, apatite, graphite, kaolinite, magnetite, tourmaline, or zircon as well as feldspar. • Physical properties – Low density. – Super absorbent. – Low compression strength. – Low bending strength. – Low hardness. – Low gloss. • Uses: Pavers, walls… • Warning – Weathering may cause colors getting lighter during use.
  • MarbleStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 10 • Geochemistry – A non-foliated metamorphic rock composed of re-crystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite. – Geologists use the term “marble” to refer to metamorphosed limestone. • Occurrence: Italy, Ireland, US, Greece, UK, Russia, Macedonia, Sweden, Germany, China, etc. • Chemical properties – Pure white marble is the result of metamorphism of a very pure (silicate-poor) limestone or dolomite protolith. – Many colored marble varieties are usually due to various mineral impurities such as clay, silt, sand, iron oxides, or chert which were originally present as grains or layers in the limestone. – Green coloration is often due to serpentine resulting from originally high magnesium limestone or dolostone with silica impurities. • Physical properties – Need to define case by case • Uses: Tables, internal wall cladding, flooring… • Warning – Can easily get rusted and corrupted. .
  • JadeStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 11 • Geochemistry – A metamorphic rock made up of silicate minerals. • Occurrence: China, Guatemala, Burma, Canada, New Zealand, North America, Neolithic Europe, and Southeast Asia • Chemical properties – Calcium, magnesium-iron rich amphibole minerals • Physical properties – Density from 2.9-3.4g/cm3. – Hardness from 6.5-7. • Uses: Decorative scenery on the wall, or the floor. • Warning – Can easily get rusted and corrupted. .
  • Steps of DesignStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 12 • Think of the situation • Build up a concept of stone matching • Cost control • Quality control Please do not feel hesitation to consult us!
  • Step 1 of DesignThink of the situationStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 13 • Exterior: Facades, square, fountain, paver… – Geography: Inland, mountainous, or by the sea (salt fog)… – Weather: Wet, hot, cold or a city existing big temperature difference which may damage the exterior travertine material. – Location: Downtown (acid rain, corrosive air, dust…), traffic… • Interior flooring – Traffic – Wear & Abrasion: High heels, bottom of shoes… – Impact of heavy articles – Source of Pollution: Tea, oil, coffee, cola, juice… • Interior walls, handrails, skirting… – Possible impact • Guestrooms/toilets – Source of Pollution: Tea, oil, coffee, cola, juice, water, red wine… – Easy to clean • Swimming pool/SPA – Water resistance – Source of Pollution: acid/alkaline etch, grease, food, water… • Restaurants – Source of Pollution: Oil, wine, food, drinks, smokes… – Impact of heavy articles
  • Step 2 of DesignBuild up a concept of stone matchingStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 14 • Decide a sort of stone for a specific area – Safety  Safety for the construction or specific part of a construction.  Safety for the health of human, harmful radiation and gases of some sort of stone. – Longevity  Impact/ wear and abrasion/ water resistance…  Weathering and aging  Possible corruption during use – Economy – Facility: Easy to maintain • Decide a stone brand to decorate a specific area – Size – Color – Texture – Uniformity • Evaluate the availability – Some brands of stone have very small output. – Every piece in the same block looks very different. – Exhausted reserves may lead to the replacement impossible.
  • Step 3 of DesignCost controlStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 15 • When choosing a product/brand of a sort of stone – Place of origin, volume of reserves, difficulties in mining, transportation, may extremely wave the costs. – Stone being an art of the nature, colors, texture, and the uniformity may decide the costs. • When processing in the factory – To determine how precisely the uniformity of the pieces you expect to have, will extremely matter for the costs. – Every chunk of raw stone is mined based on regular sizes, your particular request on sizes will increase the wastage during cutting. – To endure the impact and weight on the surface, you have to consider the thickness of stone based on the wearing coefficient and impact strength of the stone, which directly decides the costs. – Faking the work by saving steps and using low quality material during processing, will extremely decrease the longevity of stone. . – Higher quality raw material, e.g., anchors, resins, adhesives, stone sealers, will increase the costs but can extend stone’s longevity and save maintenance costs in daily use.
  • Step 4 of DesignQuality controlStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 16 • Specification of raw material for processing should be included into your design. – Low quality adhesives and fillers will cause the stone yellowing. – Low quality iron anchors without antirust treatment will cause the stone yellowing. – Low quality or inappropriate stone sealer will limit stone’s resistance of specific pollutions. • Specification of installation should be included into your design. – Strict procedure. – Strict control of procedure. • Specification of daily maintenance should be included into your design. – Appropriate cleaning chemicals for daily cleaning based on the chemical properties of the stone. – Specification of regular surface treatment, e.g., raw material/ processing of crystallization. – Other maintenance and repair regulations.
  • InstallationStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 17 • Protecting the stone • Paving • Grout line treatment • Polishing • Crystallization Please do not feel hesitation to consult us!
  • InstallationProtecting the stoneStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 18 • Choose a sealer based on what sort of stone it is. – Impregnation sealer: smooth and leaktight stone suface. – Coating sealer: rough surface (The bottom face has to be sealed perfectly) • Choose a sealer based on what resistance the stone will need. – Water resistance – Oil resistance – Salt resistance (Seafront buildings or swimming pool) – Acid/alkaline resistance (restaurants, bathrooms, tables) • A hexahedron protection – The bottom face: LONG TERM water/ acid/ alkaline resistance for the penetration of cement mortar. – 4 side faces: water resistance – Top face: based on the situation • Required duration of sealing for interior stone – Sealing for the bottom face: >15 years. – Sealing for the side faces: >10 years. – Sealing for the top face: >2 years.
  • InstallationPavingStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 19 • Methods for paving – Flooring  Dry paste method  Wet paste method – Walling  Wet paste method for skirting and low area.  Dry-hanging method for high place walling.  G.P.C. method for 30m higher buildings – Fountain  Wet paste method – Swimming pool  Wet paste method • Problems may exist during paving – Iron nails and anchors without antirust treatment may cause stone yellowing and leave penetrative rust stains on the surface. – Low quality glues may loosen stone and cause accidents and some will cause the stone yellowing. – Inadequate leveling and immediate use without complete solidification will cause hollowing under the stone.
  • InstallationGrout line treatmentStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 20 • Color – The color or effect of the filler should be in consonance with the stone, or – Should be a bit lighter than the stone. – But a filler of brighter hues can make some dark-colored stone more elegant. • Weathering/ Aging resistance – Sulfur dioxide and other air pollutants in the air may cause weathering and aging of the filler in the grout lines. – UV and temperature changing may cause the filler yellowing or darkening. – Water may dissolve the filler and cause the grout lines nude again. – The filler in the grout lines might be abrased and worn away during use. – The pressure from different expansion coefficient between the stone and the filler may cause the grout lines loose the filler. • Longevity – The longevity of the filler depends on the quality and the environment of the grout lines. – The filler in the grout lines needs to be sealed for water/oil/chemical resistance in daily use.
  • InstallationPolishingStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 21 • Polishing only can be started after the adhesives under the stone are completely solidified. • If polishing has to be required during installation, the stone then doesn’t need so shinning in the factory, which can save some costs by saving some polishing steps in the factory. • The stone and the grout lines should be sealed for water resistance before polishing. • The holes and cracks of travertine should be filled well before polishing. • Water may cause rusts and should be used cautiously for polishing. • Choose appropriate grinding tools according to the chemical and physical properties of the stone.
  • InstallationCrystallizationStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 22 • Most of stone problems are caused by wrong crystallization procedure and low quality crystallization material. • Choose a crystallization method based on the chemical and physical properties of a stone. • Wax-based emulsion may jam the vessels of the stone and limit air exchange of the stone. Rusts may happen in marbles and white stain may occur in granites. • Some crystallization material is powder, which needs to be dissolved with water before use, will cause rusts and yellowing. • Too frequent crystallization treatment will cause aging and damage the structure of the stone. • Be cautious of the PH value of the material.
  • Stone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 23 Stone Diseases
  • Common Stone DiseasesStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 24 Rusts Efflorescence Etch Aging Mold Water Stains Oil Stains Colored Stains Travertine ★★ ★★★ ★★ ★★★★★ ★★★★★ ★★★ ★★★★★ ★★★★★ Limestone ★★★★★ ★★★ ★★★ ★★★★★ ★★★★★ ★★★ ★★★★★ ★★★★★ Sandstone ★★★★★ ★★★★ ★★★★★ ★★★★★ ★★★★★ ★★★★ ★★★★★ ★★★★★ Granite ★★★ ★★★★★ ★ ★★ ★★★★★ ★★★★★ ★ ★★★ Slate - - - ★★ ★★★★ - ★★★ ★★★ ★★★★★ Marble ★★★★★ ★ ★★★★★ ★★★★★ ★★★ ★ ★★ Jade ★★★★ - ★★★★★ - - - - ★ Tips: “-”=no result “★”=low frequency “★★★★★”=high frequency
  • Category of Stone DiseasesStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 25 • Chemical reaction • Mechanical damages – Rusts (Yellowing) – Holes (impacted by high heels…) – Gloss losing (Water reacts with CaCO3) – Gloss losing (Abrasion and wear) – Etches (red wine, cup marks…) – Scratches (Abrasion and wear) • Microbes • Man-caused stains – Oil stains – Mold, moss, lichens… – Colored stains (Sauce, inks, tea…) – Yellowing (herbal packaging material…) • Weathering/ Aging – Gloss losing (UV fading) • Penetration – Gloss losing (Air slaking) – Efflorescence (Liquid carbonates In the – Powdering mortar penetrate into stone and appear – on the surface) Flaking off – Dust stains (dust in the vessels) – Cracks (expansibility on temperature.)
  • Stone DiseasesStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 26 • Rusts (Yellowing) • Efflorescence • Etching • Aging • Mold • Water Stains • Oil Stains • Colored Stains Please do not feel hesitation to consult us!
  • Rusts (Yellowing)Stone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 27 • Causes – The Stone wasn’t sealed or has lost the sealer’s water/chemical resistance. – The stone has iron and other metal ingredients itself. Different oxides appear different colors. – Some metal tools during installation, nails, anchors, can leave penetrative rust stains from the bottom to the surface. – Unprofessional polishing and crystallization procedure will leave water in the water, which reacted with metals and caused rusts. – Empty grout lines will allow water penetrate into stone and cause rusts. – Too much water residue on the surface during cleaning, may penetrate into stone through low quality sealers, and cause rusts. • Advices for treatment – Some acid rust removers may aggravate rust stains on the surface. – Some penetrative rust stains, as you may see from the second picture at the right side, can’t be removed entirely. To change the part of stone is a wise decision. – To treat the rusted surface, wet polishing is negative before the grout lines are filled and the surface is sealed. – Allow the stone “breathe” and exchange vapor with the air for some time before crystallization.
  • EfflorescenceStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 28 • Causes – The Stone wasn’t sealed or has lost the sealer’s water/chemical resistance. – Natural stone has vessels which may bring the alkaline material of the cement to the surface. And the dry white residue on the surface is called efflorescence. – Without immediate treatment, the first efflorescence will react with CO2, SO2, SO3 in the air, and produce more stubborn and hard white stains. • Advices for treatment – Unprofessional cleaners will etch the stone and leave ugly etch stains. – Use highly penetrative efflorescence removers to dissolve the efflorescence in the vessels. – For the re-crystallized white stains (long term stains), use dry polishing before cleaning. – The grout lines and cracks need to be filled before high gloss treatment. – Long term maintenance can enhance the performance of the first treatment.
  • EtchingStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 29 • Causes – Every sort of stone has its specific ph value. – Many ingredients in stone can easily react with many acid/alkaline material and leave etched stains, e.g., wines, soaps, shampoo… – Only stone professional cleaners can be used for daily cleaning. – Stone surfaces which need to contact wine, cleaners, shampoo, etc., need acid/alkaline resistance treatment before use. • Advices for treatment – Precise polishing to remove etched stains. – Infrared roasting to make the stone completely dry before sealing. – Sealing for water/oil/chemical resistance. The stone should have the ability to resist red wine (ph=2.5) for at least 15 minutes.
  • AgingStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 30 • Causes – Flaking-off: Too much water penetrated into stone and damaged the structure of stone. – Powdering: Too much water penetrated into stone and dissolved stone. – Gloss losing: UV light may cause aging. Water may dissolve the surface and cause gloss losing. CO2, SO2, SO3 may react with the surface and cause gloss losing. Scratching, wearing… – Cracks: expansibility on temperature. Impact. Water. • Advices for treatment – Roasting can accelerate water under the stone vaporization. – Epoxy resins fillers should be weathering/ aging resistant. – Using water during polishing may is highly negative. – Allow the stone to breathe for a while before crystallization.
  • MoldStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 31 • Causes – Stone has vessels which can store water. – Under appropriate temperature, the stone located in murky corners may allow mold, lichen, moss, and other plants to grow on the surface. – Some germs and plants will release some organic acid during growing, which will etch the stone and cause gloss losing and even flaking off. • Advices for treatment – Only stone professional mold removing cleaners can be used on the stone. – Rusts, water stains, and sometimes efflorescence are often coming together with mold stains. – Heavy duty sealing after removing and cleaning.
  • Water StainsStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 32 • Causes – Granites can get water stains very easily. – The main ingredient of water stains is a sort of gelatine or gelatin, which consists of hygroscopic silicic acid and saline-alkali material. – Some temporary water stains are caused by too much water in stone and the water stains will disappear when the stone is getting drier. – The cement adhesives contains too much alkaline. – Too much water were used during installation. – The stone is too porous in a wet area. – The stone was cleaned by unprofessional acid/alkaline cleaners, which can react with some oxides in cement and produce hygroscopic silicic acid and saline-alkali material. This can absorb water in stone and cause water stains. • Advices for treatment – Heavy duty heating to accelerate water vaporization before treatment. – Use our stone professional technology to dissolve the gelatin. – Sealing for water and chemical resistance.. – Or use color enhancer sealer to enhance the color of stone.
  • Oil StainsStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 33 • Causes – Stone in restaurants, on the square, and paver, will easily get oil stains from food and gasoline. • Advices for treatment – Some locally made cleaners will leave stubborn solvent stains after removing oil stains. – For the indoor restaurant area, please check the sealers’ MSDS to see whether they are environment friendly and allow food contact before use.
  • Colored StainsStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 34 • Causes – Tea, cola, sauce, inks, cosmetics, hair dye…may colorize the stone and leave very deep penetrative stains. – Coatings, adhesives…will leave surface stains. • Advices for treatment – Identify whether it is a waterborne or solvent borne pollution source.  Use stone professional waterborne color remover to wet the stains for some hours to see whether it can get lighter or not.  Try many times till the stains disappear.  Use stone professional oil stain remover to remove solvent borne stains finally. – Estimate the depth of the stains in stone.  For the deep stains, allow the cleaners to get longer time to penetrate into stone. – For the coatings and adhesive, we recommend you to use our stone professional coating remover only to avoid wrong material etching the stone.
  • Stone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 35 Case Studies of Stone Treatment
  • Case Studies of Stone TreatmentStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 36 • Rust Removal • Efflorescence • Etching • Aging • Mold • Water Stains • Oil Stains • Colored Stains Please do not feel hesitation to consult us!
  • Rust RemovalCS1: Sandstone wallStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 37 • Procedure – Infrared roasting to accelerate the stone drying. – Stone professional rust removal solution. – Natural dry for 24 hours. – Seal the stone for water/oil/chemical resistance. • Customers – Peninsula Shanghai on the Bund – Park Hyatt Hotel Beijing
  • Rust RemovalCS2: Sandstone flooringStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 38 • Procedure – Cut the aging grout lines and fill them with jade filler. – Heavy duty dry polishing to remove the crystallization. – Infrared roasting to accelerate the stone drying. – Stone professional rust removal solution. – Natural dry for 24 hours. – Allow the stone exchange vapor with the air for a few days. – Seal the stone for water/oil/chemical resistance. – Non-wax crystallization to improve the hardness and gloss. • Customers – Park Hyatt Hotel Beijing – InterContinental Suzhou
  • Rust RemovalCS3: MarbleStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 39 • Procedure – Cut the aging grout lines and fill them with jade filler. – Heavy duty dry polishing to remove the crystallization. – Infrared roasting to accelerate the stone drying. – Stone professional rust removal solution. – Natural dry for 24 hours. – Seal the stone for water/oil/chemical resistance. – Non-wax crystallization to improve the hardness and gloss. • Customers – InterContinental Shenzhen OCT – Hilton Shanghai Hong Qiao – Shangri-la Shanghai Pudong – Shangri-la Guangzhou – Sofitel Sunrich Guangzhou – Hyatt Regency Hangzhou West Lake – Intercontinental Beichen – Haining Haizhou Hotel
  • EfflorescenceCS1: Interior flooringStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 40 • Procedure – Cut the aging grout lines and fill them with jade filler. – Heavy duty dry polishing to remove the crystallization. – Infrared roasting to accelerate the stone drying. – Stone professional efflorescence removal solution – Natural dry for 24 hours. – Seal the stone for water/oil/chemical resistance. – Allow the stone exchange vapor with the air for a few weeks. – Non-wax crystallization to improve the hardness and gloss. – Monthly-based maintenance to remove efflorescence residues. • Customers – InterContinental Shanghai Puxi – Westin Xiamen
  • EfflorescenceCS2: Exterior wallStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 41 • Procedure – Fill the grout lines with water resistance adhesive. – Stone professional efflorescence removal solution. – Natural dry for 24 hours. – Seal the stone for water/oil/chemical resistance. – Monthly-based maintenance to remove efflorescence residues. • Customers – Peninsula Shanghai on the Bund
  • EtchingStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 42 • Procedure – High speed polishing fitted with sponge discs to remove the etched stains and return its natural high gloss. – Remove colored stains. – Seal the stone for water/oil/acid/alkaline resistance, esp. red wine resistance. • Customers – Sheraton Dongguan Hotel – Park Hyatt Hotel Beijing – Peninsula Shanghai on the Bund
  • AgingCS1: Flaking-offStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 43 • Procedure – Dry polishing to remove the aging layer. – Remove the dust with an industrial vacuum. – Apply hardener to strengthen the hardness of the stone. – Repair the flaking-off holes with stone professional resin and allow it solidifying for 20-24 hours. – Seal the stone for water/oil/chemical resistance. – Allow the stone exchange vapor with the air for a few weeks. – Non-wax crystallization to improve the hardness and gloss. – Monthly-based maintenance to remove efflorescence residues. • Customers – Westin Beijing Financial Street – Westin Jinmao Beijing – Hua Club OCT Shenzhen – Holiday Inn Pudong Lisheng
  • AgingCS2: Gloss losingStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 44 • Procedure – Cut the aging grout lines and repair them with jade- type filler. – Seal the stone for water resistance before polishing. – Heavy duty dry polishing to remove the aging layer of stone. – Seal the stone for water/oil/chemical resistance. – Allow the stone exchange vapor with the air for a few days. – Non-wax crystallization to improve the hardness and gloss. – Monthly-based maintenance to remove efflorescence residues. • Customers – COACH China stores – InterContinental Shenzhen OCT – Hyatt Regency Hangzhou West Lake
  • Bottom CavityStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 45 • Procedure – Position some hollow points by knocking the surface. – Drill some holes on the points. – Insert injective valve spools. – Inject epoxy resin to fill the under-stone space. – Fill the holes with stone professional fillers which have similar color and texture of the stone. – Heavy duty polishing when the stone is steady. – Non-wax crystallization. • Customers – Westin Beijing Financial Street – InterContinental Shenzhen
  • Mold RemovalStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 46 • Procedure – Remove any dust on the surface. – Stone professional mold removal solution. – Natural dry for 24 hours. – Seal the surface for water/oil/chemical resistance. • Customers – Peninsula Shanghai on the Bund – InterContinental Qingdao Haier
  • Water Stain RemovalStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 47 • Procedure – Heavy duty dry polishing to remove the crystallization and/or wax layer on the surface. – Measure the stain’s ph value, ph>7 means the water stain needs to be treated by chemical methods. Otherwise the water stain can disappear when the stone gets dry. – For the chemical method, use our stone professional water stain removal solution. – Seal the surface for water/oil/chemical resistance. – Or enhance the color of the stone. – Allow the stone exchange vapor with the air for a few weeks. – Non-wax crystallization to improve the hardness and gloss. – Monthly-based maintenance to remove efflorescence residues. • Customers – InterContinental Shanghai Puxi
  • Oil Stain RemovalStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 48 • Procedure – Remove any dust on the surface. – Apply oil stone professional stain removal. – Natural dry for 24 hours. – Seal the surface for water/oil/chemical resistance. • Customers – InterContinental Suzhou – Sofitel Sunrich Guangzhou
  • Colored StainsCS: Coating RemovalStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 49 • Procedure – Clean the surface before removing the coating layer. – Stone professional coating removal solution. – Natural dry for 24 hours. – Sealing for water/oil/chemical resistance. • Customers – Indigo Shanghai on the Bund – InterContinental Haier Qingdao – Crown Plaza Anting
  • Stone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 50 Our Full Service Maintenance (FSMA)
  • Evaluating Your MaintenanceStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 51Q1. Does your hotel have any stone problems in specific areas? □Lobby ○Rusts; ○Efflorescence; ○Stains; ○Cracks/Flaking-off; ○Etches; ○Aging/Gloss Losing; ○Bottom Cavity; ○Other: □Guestrooms ○Rusts; ○Efflorescence; ○Stains; ○Cracks/Flaking-off; ○Etches; ○Aging/Gloss Losing; ○Bottom Cavity; ○Other: □Restaurants ○Rusts; ○Efflorescence; ○Stains; ○Cracks/Flaking-off; ○Etches; ○Aging/Gloss Losing; ○Bottom Cavity; ○Other:   □SPA/Swimming Pool ○Rusts; ○Efflorescence; ○Stains; ○Cracks/Flaking-off; ○Etches; ○Aging/Gloss Losing; ○Bottom Cavity; ○Other: □Square ○Rusts; ○Efflorescence; ○Stains; ○Cracks/Flaking-off; ○Etches; ○Aging/Gloss Losing; ○Bottom Cavity; ○Other: □Exterior Walls ○Rusts; ○Efflorescence; ○Stains; ○Cracks/Flaking-off; ○Etches; ○Aging/Gloss Losing; ○Bottom Cavity; ○Other: □Interior Walls ○Rusts; ○Efflorescence; ○Stains; ○Cracks/Flaking-off; ○Etches; ○Aging/Gloss Losing; ○Bottom Cavity; ○Other: □Other, Please Specify: ○Rusts; ○Efflorescence; ○Stains; ○Cracks/Flaking-off; ○Etches; ○Aging/Gloss Losing; ○Bottom Cavity; ○Other:Q2. How much have you spent to handle these problems? □People Investment ○Too much; ○Very much; ○A bit; ○Very less   □Operational Time ○Too much; ○Very much; ○A bit; ○Very less □Money Investment ○Too much; ○Very much; ○A bit; ○Very lessQ3. How stone problems relate to your…  □Brand Image ○Too much; ○Very much; ○A bit; ○Very less  □Guests Satisfaction ○Too much; ○Very much; ○A bit; ○Very less  □Maintenance Costs ○Too much; ○Very much; ○A bit; ○Very lessQ4. Are you satisfied with the stone maintenance? Staffs stone knowledge? ○Excellent; ○Very good; ○Fair; ○Pool; ○Bad  Safety of material? ○Excellent; ○Very good; ○Fair; ○Pool; ○Bad Efficiency? ○Excellent; ○Very good; ○Fair; ○Pool; ○Bad Cost control? ○Excellent; ○Very good; ○Fair; ○Pool; ○BadQ5. Are you hiring a third party supplier for the maintenance? □Yes   □No □No but plan to hire one.
  • The Concept of FSMAStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 52 The Full Service Maintenance Agreement (FSMA): The hotel purchases a certain period of our full service maintenance instead of buying stone treatment for each time to continuously maintain the cleanness, high gloss and high hardness of stone, which degrees have been indicated in the agreement. •The hotel purchases a certain period of the “best looking” surface result of stone instead of just some treatments. •A period of regular maintenance is surely cheaper than the total amount of per-use costs during the period. •Irregular maintenance or surface treatment may result in huge costs during the operation of the hotel meanwhile hurt the stone. •Any re-installation or replacement will disturb the operation and finally increase the sales loss. •Any unprofessional cleaners, stone treatment material and processing will
  • The Model of FSMAStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 53 • Identify technical basis of the “best looking” of the stone… – Understand the geochemistry and physical properties of the stone. – Determine the technical basis to match the daily operation.  Cleanness  Gloss degree  Hardness degree – Determine regular maintenance schedule. • Confirm a FSMA plan for a specific area with the hotel • Programs – Regular crystallization treatment to improve hardness and gloss for the floors  Weekly based, e.g. for the reception area in the lobby  Monthly based, e.g. for the restaurants and most of the PA.  Seasonal or half-year based, e.g. for the guestrooms. – Regular problem solving and quality maintenance. – Regular quality check and immediate treatment when the data doesn’t match the required index in the FSMA and this treatment will not quote to the hotel. – Non-periodic visiting service and immediate response to the requirements of the hotel.
  • Your Benefits from FSMAStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 54 • You get a guarantee slip to ensure that the stone in your hotel has the best looking during the operation. • The stone has longevity and you don’t have any risks to replace the stone. • You don’t have to worry about additional fees to treat on stone problems. • You can save a lot of sales loss by preventing occasional engineering on the stone. • Choosing a reliable supplier can help you save a lot more management costs. • You can earn a lot more than above, e.g. brand image, quality, efficiency…
  • Why US?Stone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 55 • Our expertise in stone treatment has won a broad reputation in this industry. • Our raw material including chemicals have safety certificates for this industry. • All the case studies in the presentation are 100% real. • Most of our new clients are just recommended by our royal clients. • Our team is a crossover combination with experts from specialty chemicals, material science, architecture, hotel management, engineering, etc.
  • CopyrightsStone Treatment & Maintenance Proprietary and Confidential 56 All rights reserved by Mr. Harvey JI (and his team) Founder of BU StonePro Spear Point Commercial Accelerators China T: +86(0)1366 161 9355 E: Harvey.Ji@1stationsolutions.com