Plate tectonics with vocabulary

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  • 1. VOCABULARY
  • 2. plate tectonics- theory that continents are in slow, constant motion.
  • 3. continents- huge land masses
  • 4. Continental Drift- the theory that the continents were once a single land mass and have broken apart and “floated” to where they are today
  • 5. Alfred Wegener- German geologist who first came up with the Continental Drift theory in 1915
  • 6. Pangaea- name that Wegener gave to the land mass known as the Supercontinent
  • 7. Mid-ocean ridge- the longest mountain chain in the world
  • 8. Sea-floor spreading- At the mid-ocean ridge, molten material rises from the mantle, then spreads out, pushing older rock to both sides of the ridge. This process, called sea-floor spreading, forms the new ocean floor.
  • 9. magma- molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water that make up the earth’s mantle
  • 10. lava- magma that has reached the surface; also the rock that’s formed when the liquid lava hardens
  • 11. volcano a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface Video http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/? id=7389841n&tag=mncol;lst;10
  • 12. fault- a break in rock where the rocks slide past each other; a break in the earth’s crust; earthquakes occur along faults
  • 13. earthquake- the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath the earth’s surfacehttp://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/play er/environment/environment-natural- disasters/earthquakes/earthquake-101.html
  • 14. uplift- the raising of the earth’s crust; usually results in mountain formation
  • 15. intrusion- molten rock that has squeezed into existing rock and hardened Intrusion of mafic rock into granite
  • 16. subduction- process by which the ocean floor sinks back into the mantlehttp://oregonstate.edu/media/trcnb-hiq
  • 17. rift valley- a deep valley that forms where two plates move apart