Earthquakes and volcanoes new study guideDocument Transcript
Name ___________________ Date ____________ Class _____Earthquakes and Volcano Study GuideUse the following information to help you review for the test.You are responsible for completing this guide. All theinformation can be found in your science notes, textbooks, dropbox and blog. STUDY!!!1-Write the definitions for: -Volcano -Lava -Magma -Vent -Ash -Pyroclastic flow -Caldera -Shearing -Compression -Focus -Epicenter -Pahoehoe -AA -Fault -Earthquake -Seismic Waves -Hot Spots
-P waves -S waves -Surface wavesCorrectly answer the questions:1-What geological event can happen without warning, along plateboundaries, and has occurred in the past?2-Draw a Divergent boundary with the footwall and the hanging walllabeled.Stress:Fault:Resulting Action:3-Draw a Convergent boundary with the footwall and the hanging walllabeled.Stress:Fault:Resulting Action:
4-Draw a Transform boundary with the footwall and the hanging walllabeled.Stress:Fault:Resulting Action:5-List the seismic waves in the order they travel. Circle the slowest wave.Box the wave that can travel through liquids and solids. Underline thewave that causes the most damage.6-Where are volcanoes most likely to form?7-Describe what you would probably see during a quiet eruption.8-Describe what you would probably see during an explosive eruption.9-Draw and label the three types of volcanoes. List an example of each.10-Describe the 3 stages of volcanoes.
11-Describe subduction.12-How are volcanoes created?13-Which kind of volcanic eruption is most destructive?14-What is the difference between pahoehoe and aa?15-Describe what happens to the climate after a massive volcanic eruption.16-When an oceanic plate collides with a continental plate, what usuallyhappens?17-Why does magma form deep in Earth’s crust and mantle?
Label the parts of the Volcano:ash cloud - an ash cloud is the cloud of ash magma chamber - a magma chamber containsthat forms in the air after some volcanic magma (molten rock) deep within the Earthseruptions. crust.conduit - a conduit is a passage through which side vent - a side vent is a vent in the side of amagma (molten rock) flows in a volcano. volcano.crust - the crust is Earths outermost, rocky vent - a vent is an opening in the Earths surfacelayer. through which volcanic materials erupt.lava - lava is molten rock; it usually comes out Parasitic Coneof erupting volcanoes.
***Draw and complete the plate boundaries Chart:Plate Boundaries Fault Stress ResultsDivergentTransformConvergent