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Earth’s Layers1. crust – the thin and solid outermost layer of Earth above the mantle2. mantle – the layer of rock between the Earth’s crust and core3. core – the central part of the Earth below the mantle (outer core/inner core)4. lithosphere – the solid, outer layer of the Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle5.asthenosphere – the soft layer of the mantle on which the tectonic plates move
6. mesosphere – the strong, lower part of the mantle between the asthenosphere and the outer core7. tectonic plate – a block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and the rigid, outermost part of the mantle8. oceanic crust – part of the crust made up of basalt (rock)9. continental crust – part of the crust made up of granite (rock)10. magma-molten rock under Earth’s surface11. lava – molten rock above Earth’s surface
12. geology – the study of Earth’s surface (rocks)13. convection currents- the movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature, that transfers heat from one part of the fluid to another