Howarth Bouis
Director, HarvestPlus
The Primary Source of
Essential Minerals Vitamins
Photo: Neil Palmer (CIAT)
Why have solutions to
malnutrition been sought
outside of agriculture?
Photo: Neil Palmer (CIAT)
Sir Albert Howard, 1873-1947
Linking Agriculture and Nutrition
A New Paradigm
Photo: EMBRAPA
Photo: CIATPhoto: EMBRAPA
Targeted: poor people eat staples
Photo: IRRI
Non-Staple
plants
Fish and Meat
Staple foods
Share of Energy Sources:
Rural Bangladesh
Sustainable for famers
Photo: A.M. Ball
0
50
100
150
200
250 India
Pakistan
Bangladesh
Developing
India
Pakistan
Bangladesh
Developing
World
Developing
Changes in...
After
50% Increase in All Food Prices
Animal Staples
Non-Food
Staples
Non-Food
Before
Share of Total Expenditures
Targeted at Rural Poor:
Complements Supplementation and
Fortification Photo: IRRI
Cost-effective: one time
investment in research
Photo: ICRISAT
How Would You Best Spend
$75 billion?
TOP FIVE SOLUTIONS CHALLENGE
1. Micronutrient supplements
for children
Malnutrition
2. Doha development agenda Trade
3. Mi...
#1 Can breeding increase nutrient
levels enough to improve human
nutrition?
Photo: Wolfgang Pfeiffer
Photo: Fabiana deMoura
#2 Will extra nutrients be
bioavailable at sufficient levels to
improve micronutrient status?
#3 Will farmers adopt crops and will
consumers buy & eat enough?
Photos: Neil Palmer (CIAT)
Photo: R.A. StevensPhoto: CIMMYT Photo: CIMMYT
Progress in Breeding I
• Genetic Variation
• Nutrient + Yield
• Transgenics...
Progress in Breeding IIProgress in Breeding II
• Genes/MAS
• NARS Capacity
• Release
Photo :IRRI
Progress in Nutrition I
• Bioavailability
• Consumption
• Retention
pa
Progress in Nutrition II
• Efficacy
• Effectiveness
Photo: H. Nsubuga
Sergipe, Brazil
Progress in Delivery/Impact
Photo: Embrapa
Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato in
Uganda and Mozambique
Photo: HarvestPlus
What is the Way Forward?
Photo: Neil Palmer (CIAT)
Work out
optimal
delivery
strategies
for getting
biofortified
foods to
peoplePhoto: Neil Palmer (CIAT)
Ensure &
measure a
public health
impact
Develop a better
understanding of
how foods (and
nutrients and
compounds)
impact human
nutrition
Get the
agricultural
sector to
prioritize
improving
nutrition
Get the
nutrition
community to
prioritize
agriculture to
improve
nutrition
Photo: NIRRI
Optimal delivery strategies for getting
biofortified foods to people
Ensure & measure a public health
impact
Develop bette...
thank you
Photo: Neil Palmer (CIAT)
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Plenary bouis tuesday

  1. 1. Howarth Bouis Director, HarvestPlus
  2. 2. The Primary Source of Essential Minerals Vitamins Photo: Neil Palmer (CIAT)
  3. 3. Why have solutions to malnutrition been sought outside of agriculture? Photo: Neil Palmer (CIAT)
  4. 4. Sir Albert Howard, 1873-1947
  5. 5. Linking Agriculture and Nutrition A New Paradigm Photo: EMBRAPA Photo: CIATPhoto: EMBRAPA
  6. 6. Targeted: poor people eat staples Photo: IRRI
  7. 7. Non-Staple plants Fish and Meat Staple foods Share of Energy Sources: Rural Bangladesh
  8. 8. Sustainable for famers Photo: A.M. Ball
  9. 9. 0 50 100 150 200 250 India Pakistan Bangladesh Developing India Pakistan Bangladesh Developing World Developing Changes in Cereal & Pulse Production & Population, Green Revolution to 2000 Cereals Pulses Population
  10. 10. After 50% Increase in All Food Prices Animal Staples Non-Food Staples Non-Food Before Share of Total Expenditures
  11. 11. Targeted at Rural Poor: Complements Supplementation and Fortification Photo: IRRI
  12. 12. Cost-effective: one time investment in research Photo: ICRISAT
  13. 13. How Would You Best Spend $75 billion?
  14. 14. TOP FIVE SOLUTIONS CHALLENGE 1. Micronutrient supplements for children Malnutrition 2. Doha development agenda Trade 3. Micronutrient fortification Malnutrition 4. Expanded immunization coverage for children Diseases 5. Biofortification Malnutrition
  15. 15. #1 Can breeding increase nutrient levels enough to improve human nutrition? Photo: Wolfgang Pfeiffer
  16. 16. Photo: Fabiana deMoura #2 Will extra nutrients be bioavailable at sufficient levels to improve micronutrient status?
  17. 17. #3 Will farmers adopt crops and will consumers buy & eat enough? Photos: Neil Palmer (CIAT)
  18. 18. Photo: R.A. StevensPhoto: CIMMYT Photo: CIMMYT Progress in Breeding I • Genetic Variation • Nutrient + Yield • Transgenics • High Throughput
  19. 19. Progress in Breeding IIProgress in Breeding II • Genes/MAS • NARS Capacity • Release Photo :IRRI
  20. 20. Progress in Nutrition I • Bioavailability • Consumption • Retention pa
  21. 21. Progress in Nutrition II • Efficacy • Effectiveness Photo: H. Nsubuga
  22. 22. Sergipe, Brazil Progress in Delivery/Impact Photo: Embrapa
  23. 23. Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato in Uganda and Mozambique Photo: HarvestPlus
  24. 24. What is the Way Forward? Photo: Neil Palmer (CIAT)
  25. 25. Work out optimal delivery strategies for getting biofortified foods to peoplePhoto: Neil Palmer (CIAT)
  26. 26. Ensure & measure a public health impact
  27. 27. Develop a better understanding of how foods (and nutrients and compounds) impact human nutrition
  28. 28. Get the agricultural sector to prioritize improving nutrition
  29. 29. Get the nutrition community to prioritize agriculture to improve nutrition Photo: NIRRI
  30. 30. Optimal delivery strategies for getting biofortified foods to people Ensure & measure a public health impact Develop better understanding of how foods impact human nutrition Get agricultural sector to prioritize nutrition Get nutrition community to prioritize agriculture to improve nutrition
  31. 31. thank you Photo: Neil Palmer (CIAT)

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