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Panel haddad tuesday

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  • 1. From Harvest Plus to Harvest Driven: How to Realise the Elusive Potential of Agriculture for Nutrition? Lawrence Haddad Institute of Development Studies Biofortification: The First Annual Conference November 9-11, 2010
  • 2. Overarching Question What is Agriculture For?
  • 3. Three sub-questions • What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? • How often are the pathways created and travelled? • What needs to be done to increase the chances of the pathways linking agriculture and nutrition?
  • 4. Three sub-questions • What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? (Many) • How often are the pathways created and travelled? (Much room for improvement) • What needs to be done to increase the chances of the pathways linking agriculture and nutrition? (Some ideas)
  • 5. 1. What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? • Increased supply of nutrients from farming – Own consumption – Purchased • Income effects – Farm productivity  farm and nonfarm rural income – Lower food prices effective increase in income • Post-harvest added value
  • 6. What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? • Increased supply of nutrients from farming – Own consumption – Purchased • Income effects – Farm productivity  farm and nonfarm rural income – Lower food prices effective increase in income • Post-harvest added value x • Pro-poor governance – Institutions – Incentives • Approaches that empower women – Agency to work the rules of the game – Agency to define rules of game • Nutrition Lens
  • 7. What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? • Increased supply of nutrients from farming – Own consumption – Purchased • Income effects – Farm productivity  farm and nonfarm rural income – Lower food prices effective increase in income • Post-harvest added value x • Pro-poor governance – Institutions – Incentives • Approaches that empower women – Agency to work the rules of the game – Agency to define rules of game • Nutrition Lens Improved Nutrition • Energy • Diverse Diet • Micronutrient status • Body Mass Index • Linear growth =
  • 8. What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? • Increased supply of nutrients from farming – Own consumption – Purchased • Income effects – Farm productivity  farm and nonfarm rural income – Lower food prices effective increase in income • Post-harvest added value x • Pro-poor governance – Institutions – Incentives • Approaches that empower women – Agency to work the rules of the game – Agency to define rules of game • Nutrition Lens Improved Nutrition • Energy • Diverse Diet • Micronutrient status • Body Mass Index • Linear growth = Enabling environment for nutrition
  • 9. 2. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude • Agricultural growth-poverty impacts – Cross-country regression results (+) (Ligon, Christiansen, Loayza) – Country studies (mixed) (Datt, Ferreira) • Agricultural growth-nutrition impacts – Cross country regression results more positive than negative, but still mixed (Heady)
  • 10. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Few ag- nutrition impact studies to give granularity • SPIA – 83 income or nutrition impact evaluations between 1995 and 2008 (out of 761) • J-PAL in mid 2009 – 35 education – 25 health – 5 agriculture • 3ie – 2 of 18 in round 1 on agriculture • ALINe – 6 of 50 large proposals to a key Foundation contained impact evaluation designs
  • 11. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Impact studies not systematically organised • Protocols for inclusion – Clearly defined agricultural intervention – Clearly defined nutrition outcome – Quality of impact design – Quality of data collection – Quality of study implementation – Balance of interpretation • Regression meta analysis of studies – Features of interventions which have the biggest nutrition impacts in studies?
  • 12. How often are the pathways created and travelled? No studies yet of the nutrition impacts of bio- fortification
  • 13. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude
  • 14. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Few ag- nutrition impact studies to give granularity Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude
  • 15. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Few ag- nutrition impact studies to give granularity Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude Impact studies not systematically organised
  • 16. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Few ag- nutrition impact studies to give granularity Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude Impact studies not systematically organised No studies yet of the nutrition impacts of bio- fortification
  • 17. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Few ag- nutrition impact studies to give granularity Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude Impact studies not systematically organised No studies yet of the nutrition impacts of bio- fortification • Difficult to say • My guess is that there is plenty of room for improvement
  • 18. 3. What needs to be done to increase the chances of the pathways linking agriculture and nutrition? Create an Enabling Environment
  • 19. Mapping Nutrition in Real Time Unicef Malawi and Columbia University
  • 20. Capitalise on the increasing need to demonstrate impact
  • 21. Growth diagnostics: from economics to nutrition Source: Doing Growth Diagnostics in Practice: A ‘Mindbook’ Ricardo Hausmann, Bailey Klinger, Rodrigo Wagner CID Working Paper No. 177 September 2008. Harvard University.
  • 22. Nutrition Commitment Indices Indicators: Hunger, Legal Framework, Spending on Agriculture, Social Protection
  • 23. Build the next generation of agriculture- nutrition champions MacArthur Foundation’s Masters in Development Practice
  • 24. Conclusion www.alineplanning.org improved nutrition Governance and Gender Enabling Environment for nutrition High productivity agriculture
  • 25. From Harvest Plus to Harvest Driven Agriculture cannot be the prime shaper of nutrition, but…
  • 26. Agriculture cannot be the prime shaper of nutrition, but… ..nutrition should be the prime shaper of (public ) agriculture... From Harvest Plus to Harvest Driven
  • 27. Agriculture cannot be the prime shaper of nutrition, but… ..nutrition should be the prime shaper of (public ) agriculture... ..what else is agriculture for? From Harvest Plus to Harvest Driven
  • 28. Thank You