Guan Shi Yin 1

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Who is the Boddhisattva Guan Shi Yin?

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Guan Shi Yin 1

  1. 1. Bodhisattva Guanyin (Kuan-yin) <ul><li>Avalokitesvara (India), Lokesvara (Cambodia),Lokanatha (Burma), Natha Deviyo (Sri Lanka), Chenresi (Tibet) </li></ul><ul><li>Kennon or kwannon (Japan) </li></ul><ul><li>Kwanse’um (Korea) </li></ul><ul><li>Quan-am (Vietnam) </li></ul>
  2. 2. Avalokitesvara in Angkor, Cambodia: Lokesvara
  3. 3. Tibetan form of Avalokiteśvara ( Four-armed Chenrezig) Vietnam, Hanoi region
  4. 4. Avalokiteshvara in South Vietnam (8th and 9th century Bronze, Museum of the history of Ho Chi Minh City), Seated statue of Senju-Kannon, Kyoto, Sanjusangen-do
  5. 5. Avalokitesvara <ul><li>Originally a minor figure in some major Mahayana scriptures such as the Vimalakirti Sutra </li></ul><ul><li>Figured prominently in the Huayan Sutra and the Lotus Sutra . </li></ul><ul><li>Most prominent in the Pure Land Sutras, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief attendant to Amitabha Buddha </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>another is Mahathamaprapta </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prominent in Chinese Buddhist art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water-moon, White-robed, Fish-basket, Clam-dwelling, Wife of Mr. Ma </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Avalokitesvara in Major Scriptures <ul><li>In the ascending order in terms of the importance of his role </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Sutra on the Mental Fixation of Integral Illumination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Vimalakirti Sutra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Longer/Larger Sutra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Sutra of Guanshiyin Bodhisattva’s Receiving Prediction [Prophesy] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Sutra on the Original Cause for Guanshiyin Bodhisattva’s Rebirth in the Pure Land </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Guanyin (Kuan-yin) Assumes the Role of a Savior <ul><li>The Lotus Sutra (chap. “Universal Gateway”) </li></ul><ul><li>The Contemplation Sutra ( or The Sutra of Visualization on Amitayus Buddha) </li></ul><ul><li>The Surangama Sutra </li></ul><ul><li>The Karandavyudha Sutra </li></ul>By Wu Daozi, Tang Dynasty
  8. 8. Guanyin and Indigenous Chinese Scriptures <ul><li>Reasons for the making of indigenous Chinese scriptures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoted the interest of the ruling authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticized policies of the ruling authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reconciled differences between Buddhism and traditional Chinese thoughts, both Confucianism and Taoism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocated/proselytized a specific faith </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced a cult of a national hero/heroine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promised cures, blessings and other miracles </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Guanyin in Indigenous Scriptures <ul><li>The Sutra of Guanshiyin (Kuan-shih-yin) Samadhi </li></ul><ul><li>The King Kao’s Guanshiyin (Kuan-shih-yin) Sutra </li></ul><ul><li>The Sutra of the Bodhisattva Guanshiyin (Kuan-shih-yin) [who explains] the Conditions to be Reborn in the Pure Land </li></ul><ul><li>Dharani of Great Wish-fulfillment </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Dharani Sutra of Five Mudras of the Great Compassionate White-Robed Guanyin </li></ul><ul><li>Sutra of the Great Merit of Foremost Rarity Spoken by the Buddha Received by the Empress Renxiao (Jen-hsiao) of the Great Ming in a Dream </li></ul><ul><li>Exalted Sutra Spoken by the Buddha on the Incarnation of the Great Compassionate and Supreme Holy Nine-lotus Bodhisattva to Save the World </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Sutra of Guanshiyin Samadhi <ul><li>Guanyin grants the wishes of all who carry out a seven-day meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Sakyamuni acknowledges that he was a student of Guanyin when Guanyin was tathagata </li></ul><ul><li>Buddha acknowledges the recitation of the Sutra as the cause of his enlightenment </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Meditation method: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sit upright for seven days & nights and recite this sutra. On the seventh day, the Bodhisattva will reveal himself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recite dharani </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rewards of reciting the Sutra and the dharani </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good life, end of transmigration, rebirth in a buddha land, no rebirth in any of the evil paths, not be born with a female body </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Southern Sea Guanyin
  14. 14. King Gao’s (Kao’s) Guanshiyin Sutra <ul><li>Has only ten sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Central idea: Sins could be expiated by calling on the name of Guanyin, reciting a sutra, and chanting a dharani </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits similar to those described in the “Universal Gateway” chapter of the Lotus Sutra : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be saved from seven perils (fire, water, wind or raksasa, knives, ghosts, shackles, enemies), three poisons (greed, delusion, and hatred) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get two wishes (for a son and a daughter) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Sutra of the Bodhisattva Guanshiyin [Who Explains] the Conditions to be Born in the Pure Land <ul><li>The Sutra provides a story about Guanyin’s past family life and spiritual journey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His father was Sakyamuni Buddha,his mother Amitabha Buddha, and his younger brother Mahasthamaprapta </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Guanyin took vows to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>save those who have no parents, have no eminent teacher, are poor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Save/help kings, ministers, merchants, householders, rulers, Brahmans, four assemblies, eight groups of living beings, and various kinds of living beings </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Dharani of Great Wish-fulfillment <ul><li>Content: three texts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st text has dharani </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd text is a talisman against difficulties in childbirth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd text is about Guanyin’s manifestations, e.g., as a layman wearing a white garment appearing in 3 miracle stories </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Benefits derived from copying, chanting, and upholding the dharani </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bodhisattvas appear upon one’s death, touch one’s head, and promise one’s rebirth in the Pure Land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practitioner is protected from loss of money, bad dreams, chronic illnesses, demon’s attack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See Guanyin, the Buddha and enjoy blessings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Woman gives birth to a wise boy or a beautiful girl </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Dharani Sutra of Five Mudras of the Great Compassionate White-Robed Guanyin <ul><li>Also known as the White-robed Guanyin Sutra </li></ul><ul><li>Content: A feminized White-robed Guanyin presented as a fertility goddess, or “Child-giving Guanyin,” in miracle tales </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Chanting the scripture with sincerity, a wife would give birth to a handsome baby boy wrapped in a white caul </li></ul><ul><li>Perform good deeds:print and distribute 500-1000 copies of the sutra for free; make image(s) of Guanyin; build a shrine for Guanyin </li></ul>
  21. 21. Sutra of the Great Merit of Foremost Rarity <ul><li>Content: discussion of true nature of mind and nature; dharanis spoken by various bodhisattvas </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of chanting this sutra: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free from all worries and suffering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saved from fire, weather, robbers, poison, and wild animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dead ancestors of 9 generations back receive deliverance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heirless persons given intelligent sons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Won’t go to Avici Hell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtain unmeasured blessings and virtues </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Exalted Sutra Spoken by the Buddha <ul><li>Content: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guanyin asks the Buddha to help relieve people who suffer because of ignorance and evil deeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Buddha prophesizes the appearance of the Nine-lotus Bodhisattva </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urges people to chant the sutra and dharani revealed therein </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benefits not clearly detailed </li></ul>Wood sculpture, Ming Dynasty

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