Techinnovation
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Lecture delivered at a meeting of the Transatlantic Policy Consortium, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, June 24, 2014.

Lecture delivered at a meeting of the Transatlantic Policy Consortium, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, June 24, 2014.

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Techinnovation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION IN THE AGE OF THE INTERNET Jeffrey A. Hart Lecture prepared for delivery at theTransatlantic Policy Consortium, Indiana University, Bloomington, June 24, 2014.
  • 2. About me  Professor Emeritus of Political Science  Taught at IU from 1981 to 2013  Specialist in International Relations and International Political Economy  Web site: http://mypage.iu.edu/~hartj  You can access this lecture at: http://www.slideshare.net/hartjeff12/
  • 3. Internet Hosts, 1981-2012
  • 4. Wired vs. Wireless Access
  • 5. Internet Users by Region
  • 6. World Map of Usage over a 24 Hour Period in 2012: Red is High
  • 7. What has changed?  Faster and cheaper communications that are increasingly global in scope  Much lower barriers to forming groups, especially groups that connect geographically dispersed people and institutions  New forms of collaboration, e.g. crowd-sourcing and crowd-funding; new forms of surveillance  The migration of many human activities that used to occur only in the physical world to “Cyberspace”
  • 8. Blurring of Regulatory Boundaries  Boundaries between previously separate regulatory spaces are blurring  Examples:  Telephone networks vs. data networks  Print media vs. online media  Face to face vs. distance education  New infrastructures must be built to accommodate increasing demand for high- speed (broadband) services
  • 9. Big Players vs. Little Players  Big Players: Google, Baidu, eBay, Ali Baba, Facebook,Twitter,Weibo, Apple,Amazon  Big Internet Service Providers (ISPs): AT&T, Verizon, Comcast, BT, FranceTelecom, etc.  Little firms (often innovative and often absorbed by the big players): e.g.Whatsapp, Snapchat, Instagram,YouTube, Oculus, etc.  Even smaller firms that can remain independent if sufficiently nimble
  • 10. Policies that Effect Innovation (for example)  Antitrust, competition law enforcement  Net neutrality, colocation, access to the local loop  Subsidies for building out infrastructure  R&D and other science-related policies  Intellectual property rights regimes  Digital standards  Privacy rules and regulations
  • 11. Transatlantic Issues  Dominance of US-owned firms in important markets  Tax havens (e.g. Ireland)  Rise of pirate parties  Variance in competition and intellectual property laws and enforcement practices  Other varieties of capitalism issues