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Code includes software and hardware (architecture)
Determines what people can do with the Internet
Four Themes in Code Version 2.0 by Larry Lessig
Regulability (cyberspace can be regulated)
Regulation by code (code itself becomes the regulator)
There are latent ambiguities in free speech rights, intellectual property rights, etc.
Competing sovereigns (the law embodied in the Internet’s code competes with the law established by Congress, the bureaucracy, and the courts)
John Perry Barlow’s Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace
Former lyricist for the Grateful Dead
Essay written in response to the passage of the Communications Decency Act of 1996 (part of the Telecommunications Act of 1996)
“ Governments of the Industrial World, you weary giants of flesh and steel, I come from Cyberspace, the new home of Mind. On behalf of the future, I ask you of the past to leave us alone. You are not welcome among us. You have no sovereignty where we gather.”