Polf06

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Polf06

  1. 1. September 20, 2011
  2. 2. Vietnam <ul><li>Note location of Hanoi and Saigon </li></ul><ul><li>Note infiltration routes from North to South via Laos and Cambodia </li></ul><ul><li>War in mountains and forests vs. war in rice paddies </li></ul>
  3. 3. Guerrilla War <ul><li>Combatants try to blend into population. </li></ul><ul><li>Large-scale battles avoided until end of war. </li></ul><ul><li>War of attrition via: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sabotage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assassination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sniper attacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hit-and-run warfare </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Key Events in the U.S. Intervention in Vietnam <ul><li>1954 -- defeat of the French in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu </li></ul><ul><li>1956 -- Geneva Accords </li></ul><ul><li>1961-62 -- JFK supports a coup d’etat against Ngo Dinh Diem and increases U.S. military commitment to S. Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>1964 -- LBJ decides to increase U.S. troops in Vietnam to 160,000 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ho Chi Minh <ul><li>Leader of the Vietnamese nationalists in their struggle against the reassertion of French colonial power after World War II. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ) <ul><li>LBJ assumed the presidency after the assassination of John F. Kennedy in 1963. </li></ul><ul><li>LBJ decided to greatly increase the number of U.S. troops in Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>He was never able to explain this decision adequately to the U.S. public. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Key Events (Continued) <ul><li>The Tet Offensive (1968) </li></ul><ul><li>LBJ decides not to run for reelection </li></ul><ul><li>RFK assassinated, Nixon wins in 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon “Vietnamizes” the war, major antiwar protests begin </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas bombing of Hanoi (1972) </li></ul><ul><li>Paris Peace Accords (1973) </li></ul><ul><li>Saigon falls, war ends (1975) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Nixon Vietnamizes the War <ul><li>In 1969, Richard Nixon announced that he was withdrawing U.S. troops from Vietnam and replacing them with Vietnamese fighters. </li></ul><ul><li>He claimed he was seeking “peace with honor.” </li></ul>
  9. 11. End of the War, 1975 <ul><li>Pictures show helicopters leaving U.S. Embassy in Saigon; and Vietnamese allies trying to get inside the embassy gate. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Francis Ford Coppola: Selected Filmography <ul><li>The Godfather (1972) </li></ul><ul><li>The Conversation (1974) </li></ul><ul><li>Apocalypse Now (1979) </li></ul><ul><li>The Cotton Club (1984) </li></ul><ul><li>Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988) </li></ul>

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