April 12, 2011
What the Flat World Means for America <ul><li>“… America, as a whole, will do fine in a flat world with free trade—provide...
Races to the Bottom <ul><li>Tendency of political units to reduce regulations/taxes/standards in order to match the reduct...
Examples of Possible Races to the Bottom <ul><li>Corporate taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental regulations </li></ul><ul...
The Quiet Crisis (ch. 7 of The World is Flat) <ul><li>Shortages of U.S. scientists and engineers </li></ul><ul><li>“ In Ch...
Various Friedman Sound Bites <ul><li>Green is the New Red, White, and Blue (chap. 10) </li></ul><ul><li>“ green is the col...
Elements of a Clean Energy System <ul><li>Innovating clean elections </li></ul><ul><li>Intensifying energy efficiency </li...
Clean Electrons <ul><li>Solar photovoltaic </li></ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul><ul><li>Solar thermal </li></ul><ul><li>Geothe...
The Impact of China on Wind Power <ul><li>At the end of 2010, China generated 41.8 gigawatts of power using wind generator...
Criticisms of Corporate Capitalism <ul><li>Too much power  </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough public oversight </li></ul><ul><li...
Example:  Naomi Klein <ul><li>Canadian journalist </li></ul><ul><li>Books: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No Logo  (2000) </li></ul...
Review of Naomi Klein’s Point about Brand-Name Politics <ul><li>Just as environmentalists often take advantage of highly p...
McDonald’s <ul><li>Corporate web site </li></ul><ul><li>McSpotlight </li></ul><ul><li>McDonald’s Simulation Game </li></ul...
Pro- and Anti-Starbucks Sites <ul><li>Starbucks web site </li></ul><ul><li>Ihatestarbucks.com </li></ul><ul><li>Organic Co...
Nike and Anti-Nike Sites <ul><li>Nike web site </li></ul><ul><li>Boycott Nike </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Clothes Campaign </l...
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Ipe19

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Y376 International Political Economy, Lecture #19
April 12, 2011

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Ipe19

  1. 1. April 12, 2011
  2. 2. What the Flat World Means for America <ul><li>“… America, as a whole, will do fine in a flat world with free trade—provided it continues to churn out knowledge workers who are able to produce idea-based goods that can be sold globally…” (p. 230) </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Indians and Chinese are not racing us to the bottom. They are racing us to the top – and that is a good thing !” (p. 233) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Races to the Bottom <ul><li>Tendency of political units to reduce regulations/taxes/standards in order to match the reductions of others as a part of competition for the location of value-added activities in their territory. </li></ul><ul><li>Seen as a negative consequence of globalization. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Examples of Possible Races to the Bottom <ul><li>Corporate taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Wages and other labor practices </li></ul><ul><li>Internet-related: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pornography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gambling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hate groups </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Quiet Crisis (ch. 7 of The World is Flat) <ul><li>Shortages of U.S. scientists and engineers </li></ul><ul><li>“ In China today, Bill Gates is Britney Spears. In America today, Britney Spears is Britney Spears– and that is our problem.” (p. 265) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Various Friedman Sound Bites <ul><li>Green is the New Red, White, and Blue (chap. 10) </li></ul><ul><li>“ green is the color du jour” </li></ul><ul><li>“ a green New Deal” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Give me a green America and I shall green the earth.” </li></ul><ul><li>Add (clean) energy technology (ET) to information technology (IT) -- the next global industry </li></ul><ul><li>Dirty Fuels System vs. Clean Energy System </li></ul>Tom Friedman video on “The Power of Green”
  7. 7. Elements of a Clean Energy System <ul><li>Innovating clean elections </li></ul><ul><li>Intensifying energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusing family planning across the planet </li></ul><ul><li>Embracing an ethic of conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing to adapt to climate change </li></ul>Friedman video on the Dirty Fuels System
  8. 8. Clean Electrons <ul><li>Solar photovoltaic </li></ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul><ul><li>Solar thermal </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermal </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Impact of China on Wind Power <ul><li>At the end of 2010, China generated 41.8 gigawatts of power using wind generators </li></ul><ul><li>15 companies producing wind turbines </li></ul><ul><li>80 wind farms </li></ul><ul><li>Use small wind turbines on lamp posts (along with solar panels </li></ul><ul><li>US firms are having trouble competing with low-cost Chinese turbines; NIMBY problems; question of US green jobs creation potential </li></ul>Video on Obama’s wind power views
  10. 10. Criticisms of Corporate Capitalism <ul><li>Too much power </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough public oversight </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term profit orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient loyalty to traditional local communities </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness to engage in questionable practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial espionage, pretexting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertising unhealthy products, espec. to children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate responsibility PR as cover for unethical activities </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Example: Naomi Klein <ul><li>Canadian journalist </li></ul><ul><li>Books: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No Logo (2000) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fences and Windows (2002) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Shock Doctrine (2007) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Review of Naomi Klein’s Point about Brand-Name Politics <ul><li>Just as environmentalists often take advantage of highly publicized issues about specific species – e.g. whales, dolphins, turtles – so do anti-corporate groups focus on familiar firms and products </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, brands like McDonalds, Starbucks, Wal-Mart, and Nike provide ready-made targets for anti-corporate politics </li></ul><ul><li>Klein makes a good point about the need not to ignore less familiar species and brands </li></ul>
  13. 13. McDonald’s <ul><li>Corporate web site </li></ul><ul><li>McSpotlight </li></ul><ul><li>McDonald’s Simulation Game </li></ul><ul><li>People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals: PETA </li></ul><ul><li>Prince Charles vs. McDonalds </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme Drive Through </li></ul>
  14. 14. Pro- and Anti-Starbucks Sites <ul><li>Starbucks web site </li></ul><ul><li>Ihatestarbucks.com </li></ul><ul><li>Organic Consumers Association </li></ul><ul><li>Starbucks Delocator </li></ul><ul><li>Fair trade coffee </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-starbucks ad on Revver.com </li></ul>
  15. 15. Nike and Anti-Nike Sites <ul><li>Nike web site </li></ul><ul><li>Boycott Nike </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Clothes Campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Oxfam Australia’s Nike Watch </li></ul>
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