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Y376 International Political Economy, Lecture #19 …

Y376 International Political Economy, Lecture #19
April 12, 2011

Published in: Education
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Transcript

  • 1. April 12, 2011
  • 2. What the Flat World Means for America
    • “… America, as a whole, will do fine in a flat world with free trade—provided it continues to churn out knowledge workers who are able to produce idea-based goods that can be sold globally…” (p. 230)
    • “ The Indians and Chinese are not racing us to the bottom. They are racing us to the top – and that is a good thing !” (p. 233)
  • 3. Races to the Bottom
    • Tendency of political units to reduce regulations/taxes/standards in order to match the reductions of others as a part of competition for the location of value-added activities in their territory.
    • Seen as a negative consequence of globalization.
  • 4. Examples of Possible Races to the Bottom
    • Corporate taxes
    • Environmental regulations
    • Wages and other labor practices
    • Internet-related:
      • pornography
      • gambling
      • hate groups
  • 5. The Quiet Crisis (ch. 7 of The World is Flat)
    • Shortages of U.S. scientists and engineers
    • “ In China today, Bill Gates is Britney Spears. In America today, Britney Spears is Britney Spears– and that is our problem.” (p. 265)
  • 6. Various Friedman Sound Bites
    • Green is the New Red, White, and Blue (chap. 10)
    • “ green is the color du jour”
    • “ a green New Deal”
    • “ Give me a green America and I shall green the earth.”
    • Add (clean) energy technology (ET) to information technology (IT) -- the next global industry
    • Dirty Fuels System vs. Clean Energy System
    Tom Friedman video on “The Power of Green”
  • 7. Elements of a Clean Energy System
    • Innovating clean elections
    • Intensifying energy efficiency
    • Diffusing family planning across the planet
    • Embracing an ethic of conservation
    • Preparing to adapt to climate change
    Friedman video on the Dirty Fuels System
  • 8. Clean Electrons
    • Solar photovoltaic
    • Wind
    • Solar thermal
    • Geothermal
  • 9. The Impact of China on Wind Power
    • At the end of 2010, China generated 41.8 gigawatts of power using wind generators
    • 15 companies producing wind turbines
    • 80 wind farms
    • Use small wind turbines on lamp posts (along with solar panels
    • US firms are having trouble competing with low-cost Chinese turbines; NIMBY problems; question of US green jobs creation potential
    Video on Obama’s wind power views
  • 10. Criticisms of Corporate Capitalism
    • Too much power
    • Not enough public oversight
    • Short-term profit orientation
    • Insufficient loyalty to traditional local communities
    • Willingness to engage in questionable practices:
      • Industrial espionage, pretexting
      • Advertising unhealthy products, espec. to children
      • Corporate responsibility PR as cover for unethical activities
  • 11. Example: Naomi Klein
    • Canadian journalist
    • Books:
      • No Logo (2000)
      • Fences and Windows (2002)
      • The Shock Doctrine (2007)
  • 12. Review of Naomi Klein’s Point about Brand-Name Politics
    • Just as environmentalists often take advantage of highly publicized issues about specific species – e.g. whales, dolphins, turtles – so do anti-corporate groups focus on familiar firms and products
    • Thus, brands like McDonalds, Starbucks, Wal-Mart, and Nike provide ready-made targets for anti-corporate politics
    • Klein makes a good point about the need not to ignore less familiar species and brands
  • 13. McDonald’s
    • Corporate web site
    • McSpotlight
    • McDonald’s Simulation Game
    • People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals: PETA
    • Prince Charles vs. McDonalds
    • Extreme Drive Through
  • 14. Pro- and Anti-Starbucks Sites
    • Starbucks web site
    • Ihatestarbucks.com
    • Organic Consumers Association
    • Starbucks Delocator
    • Fair trade coffee
    • Anti-starbucks ad on Revver.com
  • 15. Nike and Anti-Nike Sites
    • Nike web site
    • Boycott Nike
    • Clean Clothes Campaign
    • Oxfam Australia’s Nike Watch

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