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Ipe19 Ipe19 Presentation Transcript

  • November 12, 2009
  • Criticisms of Corporate Capitalism
    • Too much power
    • Not enough public oversight
    • Short-term profit orientation
    • Insufficient loyalty to traditional local communities
    • Willingness to engage in questionable practices:
      • Industrial espionage, pretexting
      • Advertising unhealthy products, espec. to children
      • Corporate responsibility PR as cover for unethical activities
  • Example: Naomi Klein
    • Canadian journalist
    • Books:
      • No Logo (2000)
      • Fences and Windows (2002)
      • The Shock Doctrine (2007)
  • Review of Naomi Klein’s Point about Brand-Name Politics
    • Just as environmentalists often take advantage of highly publicized issues about specific species – e.g. whales, dolphins, turtles – so do anti-corporate groups focus on familiar firms and products
    • Thus, brands like McDonalds, Starbucks, Wal-Mart, and Nike provide ready-made targets for anti-corporate politics
    • Klein makes a good point about the need not to ignore less familiar species and brands
  • McDonald’s
    • Corporate web site
    • McSpotlight
    • McDonald’s Simulation Game
    • People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals: PETA
    • Prince Charles vs. McDonalds
    • Extreme Drive Through
  • Pro- and Anti-Starbucks Sites
    • Starbucks web site
    • Ihatestarbucks.com
    • Organic Consumers Association
    • Starbucks Delocator
    • Fair trade coffee
    • Anti-starbucks ad on Revver.com
  • Nike and Anti-Nike Sites
    • Nike web site
    • Boycott Nike
    • Clean Clothes Campaign
    • Oxfam Australia’s Nike Watch
  • Friedman’s Rules for Companies
    • Dig inside yourself but don’t build walls
    • And the small shall act big
    • And the big shall act small
    • The best companies are the best collaborators
    • Get regular X-rays and sell the results to clients
    • Outsource to win, not to shrink
    • Outsourcing isn’t just for Benedict Arnolds; it’s also for idealists
    Source: Friedman, chapter 10.
  • Outsourcing Cartoon
  • The Unflat World (ch. 11)
    • Too sick
    • Too disempowered
    • Too frustrated
    • Too many Toyotas
  • The Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention (ch. 12)
    • “… the advent and spread of just-in-time global supply chains in the flat world are an even greater restraint on geopolitical adventurism than the more general rising standard of living that McDonald’s symbolized.” (p. 420)
  • Does Al-Qaeda Benefit from Globalization?
    • “ Al-Qaeda has learned to use many of the same instruments for global collaboration that Infosys uses, but instead of producing products and profits with them, it has produced mayhem and murder…The flat world—unfortunately—is a friend of both Infosys and Al-Qaeda.”
    Source: Friedman, p. 429.
  • Islamo-Leninism
    • “ The system that we call Islamism—an ideological, highly politicized Islam, in which the spiritual content—the personal relationship [with God]—is taken out of Islam and instead it is transformed into a religious ideology like fascism or communism. But unlike the Leninists, who wanted to install the reign of the perfect class…[Al-Qaeda leaders] wanted to install the reign of perfect religion.” (p. 397)
  • Going from Polemics to Social Science
    • The debate between pro- and anti-globalization groups is fine as far as it goes, but at some point one wants to know whether the empirical claims being made are accurate.
    • This is where social science comes in.
  • Globalization/Anti-Globalization Research Agenda
    • Measuring or assessing various dimensions of globalizations over time
    • Regionalization vs. Globalization
    • Flatness vs. Spikiness
    • Exploring the roles of important actors in global governance:
      • Governments
      • Multinational Corporations
      • NGOs
      • Other Civil Society Actors
  • Examples of Measurements
    • Global transportation and communications costs
      • Global Policy Forum
    • Tariffs and Barriers to Trade/Investment Flows over Time
    • Trade and Foreign Investment Flows
    • International Inequality
      • McDonald’s by region
    • Analysis of what factors/policies can impact either the pace of globalization or the effects of globalization on other variables