Ipe18

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Y376 International Political Economy, Lecture #18
April 7, 2011

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Ipe18

  1. 1. April 7, 2011
  2. 2. Anti-Globalization Movements <ul><li>“… generally advocate anarchist, socialist, social democratic or eco-socialist alternatives to neo-liberal economics” (Wikipedia) </li></ul><ul><li>Coalition of disparate groups and organizations, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feminists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigenous peoples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others (including anarchists) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Why Does Organized Labor Oppose Globalization? <ul><li>Fear that competition with workers of low-wage countries, especially those without the right to organize, will reduce wages and employment levels </li></ul><ul><li>Do not believe claims that globalization produces growth and jobs </li></ul><ul><li>New jobs often in areas that are not unionized </li></ul><ul><li>Large unions like AFL-CIO, United Steelworkers, Teamsters, etc., supported free trade after WW2 but changed their position in the 1970s </li></ul>
  4. 4. Environmental Groups <ul><li>Friends of the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Greenpeace </li></ul><ul><li>Green Party </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why Do Some Environmental Groups Oppose Globalization? <ul><li>Concern about the impact of WTO and other regimes on the environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrimp-Turtle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dolphin-Tuna </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Whaling Commission </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broader concern about the lack of correct pricing of products and services that have a negative impact on the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental dumping: e.g. toxic wastes </li></ul>
  6. 6. Feminist Groups <ul><li>The World March of Women </li></ul><ul><li>National Action Committee on the Status of Women </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why Do Feminists Oppose Globalization? <ul><li>Neo-liberal corporatist globalization, in their view, supports patriarchal politics </li></ul><ul><li>Want to prevent imposition of anti-abortion policies by the United States directly and via international regimes </li></ul><ul><li>Want to raise the status of women globally and do not see this happening under the current system </li></ul>
  8. 8. Indigenous Groups <ul><li>Amazon Watch </li></ul><ul><li>Chevron Toxico </li></ul><ul><li>International Indigenous Youth Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Video in Spanish on this topic </li></ul>
  9. 9. Why Do Indigenous Groups Oppose Globalization? <ul><li>Worried about the ill effects of globalization on indigenous peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned about the stealing of resources, e.g., in the Rain Forest by bio-prospectors or by oil companies </li></ul><ul><li>Want to get more say internationally and need to bypass national governments to do this (therefore support the multi-stakeholder approach ) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Colorful Blocs within the Anarchist Cluster <ul><li>Black Bloc </li></ul><ul><li>Green Bloc </li></ul><ul><li>Pink Bloc </li></ul><ul><li>Lilac Bloc </li></ul><ul><li>Pink/Silver Bloc </li></ul><ul><li>http://anarchogeek.com/ </li></ul>
  11. 11. Big Anti-Globalization Demonstrations <ul><li>G8 Summit in Cologne in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Seattle at WTO Ministerial Meeting in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>IMF/World Bank Meeting in Washington 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>G8 Summit in Genoa in 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>World Economic Summit Meeting in Porto Alegre, Brazil, 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>WTO Ministerial in Cancun, Mexico, 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>G8 Meeting in Gleneagles, Scotland, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>G8 Meeting in Heilegendam, Germany, 2007 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Groups That Demonstrate at Multiple Sites <ul><li>Friends of the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Jubilee 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Global Justice Movement </li></ul><ul><li>ATTAC </li></ul>
  13. 13. ATTAC Cartoon
  14. 14. Copenhagen Conference, 2009 <ul><li>Naomi Klein on climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Protest video (Black Bloc) </li></ul><ul><li>Hindi coverage of demonstrations </li></ul>

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