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Preference for US over Iraqi contractors (higher costs)
Huge proportion of spending went to private companies like Bechtel
US concentration on rebuilding oil fields and other infrastructure projects
Al Qaeda disruption of aid work, especially in the rebuilding of infrastructure
Table 6-2. U.S. Foreign Aid Programs, 2004 Source: Carol Lancaster and Ann Van Dusen, Organizing U.S. Foreign Aid (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 2005), p. 14. Department Name of Program $Millions Department of State Refugee 756 International Organizations and Programs 320 ESF (policy) 3,263 NIS (distribution) 584 SEED (distribution) 442 HIV/AIDS (distribution) 488 Andean Counter-Drug 727 Treasury Department Contributions to Intl. Financial Institutions 1,383 Debt Relief 94 Dept. of Agriculture PL-480 II (budget) 1,185 USAID DA, child survival, disaster 4,511 MCA 994 Iraq Reconstruction 18,439 Other 1,000-1,500
Table 6-1. Bilateral Aid to Former Colonies, 1970-1994 Source: Alberto Alesina and David Dollar, “Who Gives Foreign Aid and Why? Journal of Economic Growth , 5 (March 2000), p. 37. Donor Former Colony Share of Total Aid (in percentages) Portugal 99.6 United Kingdom 78.0 France 57.0 Belgium 53.7 Netherlands 17.1