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Rita Atlantic Ports Report

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East coast ports are preparing for west coast trade diversion due to Panam Canal expansion.

East coast ports are preparing for west coast trade diversion due to Panam Canal expansion.

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  • 1. FS-002 RITA Bureau of Transportation Statistics Fact Sheet Atlantic Coast U.S. Seaports October 2010 By Matthew Chambers Atlantic coast U.S. seaports from Eastport, MA, through Key West, FL, are preparing for an expected increase in Figure 1: Atlantic Coast U.S. Seaports cargo generated by an expansion of the Panama Canal scheduled for completion in 20141 (figure 1). Prepara- tions at east coast ports include installation of larger cranes and dredging channels to accommodate contain- ME er ships with nearly two and one-half times2 the capacity T " T " T of current Panamax vessels, the largest ships that now VT T T " T " " transit the canal (figure 2). NH | " Portland T | " Portsmouth "T T "T The Atlantic coast seaports facilitate freight flow and NY T " T T T " " MA " | Boston T T " "T " T |T T " CT" ""Providence international trade for both the long-established and TT TT " T "" " " " " T T " TT PA " TT" RI T T |" T "T " T "" T populous Northeast, and the growing areas along the " T" " " TT T T TT " " "" " |"TT "TT" "" |T " TTT "T" " "T T TT ""T T "T" New Haven T" T |T T "T TTT "T" T "" TT " T " Southeast Atlantic coast. |T "" See "" TT |T "" "T " TT Baltimore "" NJ LowerInset |T TT "" " T T " T | MD "T " right This fact sheet highlights the major Atlantic container _ DC^ T " DE ports of New York/New Jersey, Virginia, Savannah, and "TTT ""T Newport News Charleston. Containerships and containerized cargo VA T "T T T" T "T "T" " TT "T T | "T " TT | " "T T " Norfolk " " " T comprise the bulk of vessel calls and most of the ves- T sel value at these seaports along the eastern seaboard. NC Commodities transiting the canal to the Atlantic ports _ ^ Washington DC "T T " | " Ports include auto parts, bananas, chemicals, canned and SC | T " " Wilmington T T " Terminal frozen fish, and pulpwood, among others.3 Mississippi T " GA | " " TT " T T " T T T " Charleston "T " T | " T "" T "T T " T " T " | T " " T T " " Savannah T " T "T " T Select Atlantic Coast U.S. Seaports " " "T T T T TT " | " Brunswick T " T T" T" TT " TT "TT""T " "TT"" " "T " T " TT "T TTTT" "T"" "TTTT " TT" T T TT"" T TT "TTTTTT Newark "T"TT" "" " |"T"""T "T|T"TT | T T " T "T " Jacksonville "" TT "" " T" T T" T TT"T T Port of New York/New Jersey FL " " T " "" "T " T" T T T""TT" """ " "T""T " T T" T"T New T " T" " T " T" "T " | " TT " TTTT T T "" "T "T "T"York " T TT " The Port of New York/New Jersey was the largest Atlan- Perth Amboy " T " T "T tic coast U.S. seaport in terms of total tonnage and the " "T "" " TT TTT "" T" "T T third largest in terms of intermodal TEU4 containers han- | "" "T " TT TT "T " T "T Philadelphia dled in 2008.5 Only the ports of Los Angeles and Long T " |"T " T" "" "TT T"" "TT "T" TTT T T""T | " T " Fort Lauderdale |T "" Chester T "T " " T T " Wilmington T | T " Miami " T T TT "" T " T 1 Panama Canal Authority, Panama Canal News (December 2009). Baltimore Available at http://www.pancanal.com/ as of August 2010. | " 2 Calculations utilize a 4,500 v. 12,000 Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit (TEU) T SOURCES: Ports: U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Admin- _ ^ " container vessels based on Panama Canal Authority, Proposal for the istration, U.S. Port Calls by Vessel Type. Available at http://www.marad. Expansion of the Panama Canal: Third Set of Locks Project (April 24, dot.gov/ as of May 2010. Terminals: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 2006). Figure 30. Available at http://www.pancanal.com/ as of August Navigation Data Center, Ports and Waterways Facilities. Available at 2010. http://www.ndc.iwr.usace.army.mil/data/datapwd.htm as of May 2010. 3 Panama Canal Authority, Principle Commodities Shipped Through the Panama Canal (FY07-09). Available at http://www.pancanal.com/ as of Beach are larger.6 The public Port Authority of New York August 2010. and New Jersey, which coexists with privately managed 4 Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit. terminals in the area, manages marine terminals (e.g., 5 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Navigation Data Center, Tonnage for Brooklyn, Elizabeth, and Newark) and specialized facili- Selected U.S. Ports in 2008. Available at http://www.iwr.usace.army.mil/ as of August 2010, and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Navigation Data 6 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Navigation Data Center, U.S. Waterborne Center, U.S. Waterborne Container Traffic by Port/Waterway in 2008. Container Traffic by Port/Waterway in 2008. Available at http://www.iwr. Available at http://www.iwr.usace.army.mil/ as of August 2010. usace.army.mil/ as of August 2010.
  • 2. BTS Fact Sheet Figure 2: Panamax Versus Post-Panamax Panamax ~ 4,500 TEU 39.5 ft draft 965 ft 106 ft beam Post Panamax ~ 12,000 TEU 50 ft draft 1,200 ft 160 ft beam This diagram illustrates the relative dimensions of current Panamax versus Post-Panamax containerships. The larger Post-Panamax vessels will be able to fit through the expanded Panama Canal, which the Panama Canal Authority has scheduled for completion in 2014. SOURCE: Diagram based upon Panama Canal Authority, Proposal for the Expansion of the Panama Canal: Third Set of Locks Project (April 24, 2006). Figure 30. Available at http://www.pancanal.com/ as of August 2010. Table 1: Port of New York/New Jersey Bayonne Bridge Air Draft Measure Value Vessel calls (all types), 2009 4,430 The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PA- NYNJ) commissioned the U.S. Army Corps of Engi- Tanker 1,296 neers to study the Bayonne Bridge’s approximately 150 Containerized 2,319 ft navigational clearance (a.k.a. air draft).1 The Bayonne Dry bulk 221 Bridge connects Bayonne, NJ, and Staten Island, NY, RO/RO 494 over the Kill Van Kull2. The bridge’s current air draft Other (e.g., combination) 100 may pose a navigational barrier to larger vessels pass- Vessel (all types) foreign value (in $billion), 2009 $146.01 ing underneath. The PANYNJ is considering a range of Total foreign cargo tonnage (metric tons), 2009 77,836,857 options, including raising up the existing arch to provide Containerized foreign cargo value (in $billion), 2009 $104.55 clearance of 215 ft.3 Containerized foreign cargo tonnage (metric tons), 2009 27,829,184 1 Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Bayonne Bridge Air Draft NOTES: For an explanation of ship types, please refer to the Maritime Analysis (September 2009). Available at http://www.panynj.gov/ as of Administration’s Glossary of Shipping Terms, available at http://www.marad. dot.gov/documents/Glossary_final.pdf as of August 2010. The source reports August 2010. foreign value and tonnage entering by U.S. Customs District. 2 Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Bayonne Bridge History. SOURCES: Vessel calls: U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Ad- Available at http://www.panynj.gov/ as of August 2010. ministration, U.S. Port Calls by Vessel Type. Available at http://www.marad. dot.gov/ as of October 2010. Value and tonnage: USA Trade Online, An- 3 Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Bayonne Bridge Air Draft nual Port-level Exports and Imports. Available at http://www.usatradeonline. Analysis (September 2009). Available at http://www.panynj.gov/ as of gov/ as of August 2010. August 2010. ties in a 25-mile long port district.7 These ports handle a Port of Savannah wide array of cargo, including break-bulk, container, and Roll On/Roll Off (RO/RO) vessels.8 However, container- The Port of Savannah, GA, was the second largest At- ships (52 percent) and tankers (29 percent) account for lantic coast container port9 and the 22nd largest U.S. port the majority of vessel calls (table 1). in terms of tonnage handled in 2008.10 Containerships 9 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Navigation Data Center, U.S. Waterborne Container Traffic by Port/Waterway in 2008. Available at http://www.iwr. 7 Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, About. Available at http:// usace.army.mil/ as of August 2010. www.panynj.com/ as of August 2010. 10 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Navigation Data Center, Tonnage for 8 Roll On/Roll Off vessels are equipped with ramps that allow wheeled Selected U.S. Ports in 2008. available at http://www.iwr.usace.army.mil/ as vehicles to unload. of August 2010. 2
  • 3. BTS Fact Sheet accounted for over 77 percent of the vessel calls (table largest container port along the Atlantic coast in 2008.13 2). Norfolk and Newport News were the 16th and 34th largest customs ports in the United States, respectively, in terms The Georgia Port Authority (GPA) owns and operates of tonnage handled in 2008.14 Containerships accounted the major marine terminals (e.g., Garden City, Colonel’s for 65 percent and dry bulk accounted for 22 percent of Island) in the region.11 The GPA is adding container and vessel calls in the Port of Virginia in 2009 (table 3). gantry cranes.12 The Virginia Port Authority (VPA) owns and operates the Table 2: Port of Savannah major marine terminals (Newport News, Norfolk, and Measure Value Portsmouth) in the region. In addition, the VPA recently Vessel calls (all types), 2009 2,219 signed a 20-year lease agreement to take charge of a private terminal in Portsmouth, VA.15 Tanker 186 Containerized 1,714 Heartland Corridor Dry Bulk 90 RO/RO 158 The Heartland Corridor, a public-private partnership, Other (e.g., combination) 71 will allow double-stack rail operations between the port, Vessel (all types) foreign value (in $billion), 2009 $53.03 intermediate destinations, and Chicago, IL. The inter- Total foreign cargo tonnage (metric tons), 2009 29,743,702 mediate destinations include inland terminals in Win- Containerized foreign cargo value (in $billion), 2009 $38.37 chester, VA, and near Columbus, OH1. Containerized foreign cargo tonnage (metric tons), 2009 15,690,252 NOTES: For an explanation of ship types, please refer to the Maritime 1 The Port of Virginia, Heartland Corridor on Target for Summer Administration’s Glossary of Shipping Terms, available at http://www. Opening. Available at http://blog.portofvirginia.com/ as of August 2010. marad.dot.gov/documents/Glossary_final.pdf as of August 2010 The source reports foreign value and tonnage entering by U.S. Customs District. Table 3: Port of Virginia SOURCES: Vessel calls: U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Measure Value Administration, U.S. Port Calls by Vessel Type. Available at http://www. marad.dot.gov/ as of October 2010. Value and tonnage: USA Trade Vessel calls (all types), 2009 2,502 Online, Annual Port-level Exports and Imports. Available at http://www. Tanker 131 usatradeonline.gov/ as of August 2010. Containerized 1,615 Dry bulk 547 Bi-State Jasper County Terminal RO/RO 122 Other (e.g., combination) 87 Georgia and South Carolina are jointly developing a new Vessel (all types) foreign value (in $billion), 2009 $45.49 bi-state marine terminal in Jasper County, SC, along Total foreign cargo tonnage (metric tons), 2009 45,444,276 the Savannah River.1 The states are drafting an inter- Containerized foreign cargo value (in $billion), 2009 $37.14 state compact, similar to the Port of New York and New Containerized foreign cargo tonnage (metric tons), 2009 10,509,713 Jersey, authorizing a bi-state port authority to own and NOTES: For an explanation of ship types, please refer to the Maritime operate this facility.2 The new bi-state marine terminal is Administration’s Glossary of Shipping Terms, available at http://www. in the early planning stages. marad.dot.gov/documents/Glossary_final.pdf as of August 2010 The source reports foreign value and tonnage entering by U.S. Customs 1 Jasper County, SC. Progress Update: Program Management for District. the Jasper Ocean Terminal (July 19, 2009). Available at http://www. SOURCES: Vessel calls: U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime jaspercountysc.org as of August 2010. Administration, U.S. Port Calls by Vessel Type. Available at http://www. marad.dot.gov/ as of October 2010. Value and tonnage: USA Trade 2 SC State Ports Authority, Future Port Development. Available at Online, Annual Port-level Exports and Imports. Available at http://www. http://www.port-of-charleston.com/ as August 2010. usatradeonline.gov/ as of August 2010. Port of Virginia The Port of Virginia includes Norfolk and Newport News, Port of Charleston with Norfolk accounting for 96 percent of the value Along the Atlantic coast, the Port of Charleston was handled. Over 85 percent of the value passing through the fourth largest U.S. container port in terms of TEU Norfolk was containerized cargo. Norfolk was the third U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Navigation Data Center, U.S. 13 Waterborne Container Traffic by Port/Waterway in 2008. Available at http:// www.iwr.usace.army.mil/ as of August 2010. 14 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Navigation Data Center, Tonnage for 11 Georgia Port Authority, Future Expansion. Available http://www.gaports. Selected U.S. Ports in 2008. Available at http://www.iwr.usace.army.mil/ as com/ of August 2010. of August 2010. 12 Georgia Port Authority, Future Expansion. Available http://www.gaports. 15 The Port of Virginia, VPA Inks 20 –Year Lease Agreement for APMT com/ of August 2010. Virginia. Available at http://blog.portofvirginia.com/ as of August 2010. 3
  • 4. BTS Fact Sheet handled,16 but the 39th largest U.S. port in terms of ton- Figure 3: Atlantic Port Call by Vessel Type, 2009 nage handled in 2008.17 Containerships accounted for 70 percent and RO/RO accounted for 14 percent of the vessel calls (table 4). ME The South Carolina State Ports Authority (SCSPA) owns WI VT and operates five marine terminals in the region, three of Philadelphia NH Portland 397 which are container terminals (North Charleston, Co- 2,171 NY MA Boston 520 lumbus Street, and Wando Welch). 18 The SCSPA is also PA CT RI constructing a new container terminal on the site of the IL Baltimore NJ former Naval Base Charleston.19 1,562 MD _ ^ DC DE Table 4: Port of Charleston VA New York 4,430 Measure Value Virginia Ports 2,502 Vessel calls (all types), 2009 1,865 NC Tanker 156 SC Atlantic Seaports Calls by Vessel Type GA Wilmington Containerized 1,312 MS Savannah 514 Seaports with More than 200 Vessel Calls 2,219 Charleston Dry Bulk 64 1,865 Tanker Container RO/RO 261 Brunswick Dry Bulk Ro-Ro Jacksonville 231 Other (e.g., combination) 72 1,487 Other Seaports with Less than 200 Vessel Calls Vessel (all types) foreign value (in $billion), 2009 $44.93 Port Everglades 1,055 Total foreign cargo tonnage (metric tons), 2009 12,673,486 FL Miami Containerized foreign cargo value (in $billion), 2009 $33.53 893 Containerized foreign cargo tonnage (metric tons), 2009 7,668,617 NOTES: For an explanation of ship types, please refer to the Maritime NOTE: The number underneath the customs port's name indicates the total vessel callings. Administration’s Glossary of Shipping Terms, available at http://www. Data reported by customs district. marad.dot.gov/documents/Glossary_final.pdf as of August 2010. The source reports foreign value and tonnage entering by U.S. Customs SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, District. U.S. Port Calls by Vessel Type. Available at http://www.marad.dot.gov/ as of August 2010. SOURCES: Vessel calls U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, U.S. Port Calls by Vessel Type. Available at http://www. marad.dot.gov/ as of October 2010. Value and tonnage: USA Trade Online, Annual Port-level Exports and Imports. Available at http://www. usatradeonline.gov/ as of August 2010. Figure 4: Atlantic Port Call by Tonnage, 2009 Select Atlantic Seaports, Vessel Type Figure 3 shows that seaports often specialize in cargo ME handling by vessel type. For instance, Baltimore is the Boston 13.9M MTons Portland leading port for RO/RO vessels. New York/New Jersey WI New Haven VT 2.8M MTons followed by Philadelphia are the leading ports for 2.9M MTons NH Portsmouth 2.8M MTons tankers. Newark 52.2M MTons NY MA Providence Table 5 shows that the ports of New York/New Jersey, Perth Amboy CT RI 3.9M MTons 4.5M MTons Savannah, Virginia, and Charleston are the leading con- IL Chester 9.0M MTons PA NJ New York 20.1M MTons tainer ports along the Atlantic coast. Figure 3 and table 5 BaltimoreMD 20.1M MTonsDC Philadelphia 41.2M MTons have different port ranges than figure 4 and table 6 due DE Wilmington, DE to differing data sources.20 VA Newport News 8.7M MTons 15.7M MTons NC Norfolk 29.1M MTons SC GA Wilmington, NC U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Navigation Data Center, U.S. 16 MS Savannah 4.8M MTons Waterborne Container Traffic by Port/Waterway in 2008. Available at http:// 27.9M MTons Charleston Atlantic Seaports 12.7M MTons Tonnage www.iwr.usace.army.mil/ as of August 2010. Brunswick (in Million Metric Tons) 1.9M MTons Container 17 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Navigation Data Center, Tonnage for FL Jacksonville Other Selected U.S. Ports in 2008. Available at http://www.iwr.usace.army.mil/ as 9.5M MTons of August 2010. Port Everglades 18 SC State Ports Authority, Terminals. Available at http://www.scspa.com/ 8.4M MTons as August 2010. Miami 19 SC State Ports Authority, Charleston Expansion Advances – Major 5.3M MTons NOTE: Data reported by customs port Construction Project Out for Bid (02/13/2009). Available at http://www.port- of-charleston.com/ as of August 2010. SOURCE: USA Trade Online. Annual Port-level Imports and Exports. 20 For additional information on Customs Districts and Ports, please see Available at http://www.usatradeonline.gov/ as of August 2010. Schedule D, which is available at http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/ schedules/d/distcode.html. 4
  • 5. BTS Fact Sheet Table 5: Select Atlantic Coast U.S. Seaports’ Vessel Calls, 2009 Port State All types Tanker Container Dry bulk RO-RO Other New York/New Jersey NY/NJ 4,430 1,296 2,319 221 494 100 Virginia Ports VA 2,502 131 1,615 547 122 87 Savannah GA 2,219 186 1,714 90 158 71 Philadelphia PA 2,171 1,140 340 146 125 420 Charleston SC 1,865 156 1,312 64 261 72 Baltimore MD 1,562 128 397 267 675 95 Jacksonville FL 1,487 267 434 135 555 96 Port Everglades FL 1,055 316 597 21 38 83 Miami FL 893 2 591 1 251 48 Boston MA 520 221 133 58 31 77 Wilmington NC 514 235 174 51 19 35 Portland ME 397 345 0 26 0 26 Brunswick GA 231 0 0 4 215 12 NOTES: For an explanation of ship types, please refer to the Maritime Administration’s Glossary of Shipping Terms, which is available at http:// www.marad.dot.gov/documents/Glossary_final.pdf. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, U.S. Port Calls by Vessel Type. Available at http://www.marad.dot.gov/ as of October 2010. Select Atlantic Seaports, Tonnage Table 6 shows Newark is the leading U.S. Customs port for total cargo tonnage and vessel value. Savannah is Figure 4 shows Newark, NJ, as the leading U.S. Cus- second in foreign vessel value, followed by New York, toms port for vessel tonnage. Philadelphia, PA, is NY, Charleston, SC, and Norfolk, VA. second, followed by Norfolk, VA, Savannah, GA, and Baltimore, MD. Table 6: Select Atlantic Coast U.S. Seaports’ Total and Containerized and Tonnage Value, 2009 Vessel (all types) Containerized foreign Containerized foreign Total foreign cargo foreign value (in U.S. cargo tonnage cargo value U.S. Customs Port State tonnage (metric tons) $millions), 2009 (metric tons), 2009 (in U.S. $millions), 2009 Newark NJ 52,232,350 $97,615 17,994,998 $69,808 Philadelphia PA 41,189,897 $23,270 1,706,121 $5,342 Norfolk VA 29,056,426 $42,954 10,327,440 $36,548 Savannah GA 27,884,125 $46,573 15,643,752 $38,006 Baltimore MD 20,130,933 $30,117 4,005,727 $14,910 New York NY 20,087,191 $45,203 9,823,596 $34,562 Newport News VA 15,653,767 $2,006 66,812 $179 Boston MA 13,890,509 $8,295 1,249,613 $3,579 Charleston SC 12,654,943 $44,903 7,662,403 $33,531 Jacksonville FL 9,456,622 $13,505 1,393,230 $3,683 Chester PA 8,957,434 $6,863 763,135 $2,856 Wilmington DE 8,681,392 $4,580 1,012,013 $721 Port Everglades FL 8,351,458 $16,269 3,041,837 $9,913 Miami FL 5,347,475 $18,536 4,024,261 $14,627 Wilmington NC 4,778,994 $6,116 1,728,475 $4,421 Perth Amboy NJ 4,522,623 $2,414 8,591 $175 Providence RI 3,885,236 $3,759 69,003 $23 New Haven CT 2,930,609 $1,337 35,261 $3 Portland ME 2,822,972 $1,362 6,672 $4 Portsmouth NH 2,787,322 $1,080 56,593 $88 Brunswick GA 1,859,577 $6,457 46,501 $363 NOTES: Please refer to the Maritime Administration’s Glossary of Shipping Terms, which is available at http://www.marad.dot.gov/documents/Glos- sary_final.pdf for an explanation of container. SOURCE: USA Trade Online, Annual Port-level Exports and Imports. Available at http://www.usatradeonline.gov/ as of August 2010. 5
  • 6. BTS Fact Sheet About This Fact Sheet For Related BTS Data and Publications: www.bts.gov Matthew Chambers, a Senior Transportation Spe- For questions about this fact sheet or other BTS re- cialist, in the Bureau of Transportation Statistics ports, call 1-800-853-1351, e-mail answers@bts.gov, (BTS) prepared this fact sheet. Dominic Menegus, or visit www.bts.gov. a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Analyst, provided special assistance creating the maps. BTS Maritime-Related BTS Data Products— is a component of the U.S. Department of Trans- portation’s Research and Innovative Technology For the latest Maritime-related BTS data products, please Administration (RITA). visit the BTS Maritime Program website at http://www.bts. gov/programs/maritime_program/. 6