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♫India’s textile industry is one of the economy’s largest.
♫The industry scenario started changing after the economic
libe...
*
* English inventors in the 18th century began to automate textile cottage industry processes
including carding, spinning...
*
* Indian textile industry can be divided into several segments, some of
which can be listed as below:

Cotton Textiles
Sil...
* Facts of Indian Textile Industry
India is the second largest producer of cotton yarn.



4% contribution to GDP



2nd...
*
STRENGTH
♫

India has rich resources of raw materials of textile industry. It is one of the largest producers of
cotton ...
Weakness
♫Knitted garments manufacturing has remained as an extremely fragmented industry.
Global players would prefer to ...
Opportunity
♫ Low per-capita domestic consumption of textile indicating significant
potential growth.

♫ Domestic market e...
Threats
♫ Competition in post-2005 is not just in exports, but is also likely within the
country due to cheaper imports of...
*
FACTORS AFFECTING TEXTILES
Rivalry

Government
Regulation
Policy

Textile
Industry

Cost &
Location

Demand
Conditions
*
*
* Bangladesh is planning to set up two special economic zones (SEZ) for attracting
Indian companies in view of the duty ...
*
*
*

The industry which was growing at 3-4 percent during the last six decades has now
accelerated to the annual growth ...
*
* Developed countries' exports declined from 52.2% share in 1990 to 37.8 % in 2002.
* And that of developing countries i...
*
2% 2%

ready garment

18%
45%

4%

cotton textile
Man-made
textiles
handi crafts

18%

silk & handloom
25%

Wool & Woole...
30

25
20
15
10

17.6

19.1

FY 06

FY 07

22.1

21.2

22.4

FY 08

FY 09

FY 10

26.8

5
0
FY 11
*
Financial year

Textile exports
US$ Millions

Total exports US$ Percentage of
Millions
textile exports

2004-2005

14026...
*
Company

Business area

Welspun India LTD

Home tesxtile,bathrobes, terry towels

Vardhman group

Yarn,fabric,sewing thr...
*
* Highest incidence of sickness
* The plant and machinery and technology by a number of units are absolute.
* Government...
*
* The government has offered health insurance coverage to 161.10 million
weavers and ancillary workers under handloom we...
Xth A
24
Textile industry
Textile industry
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Textile industry

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  • Brushed aluminum shape with gradient spheres(Advanced)To reproduce the circles on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a circle. Select the circle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 0.46”.In the Shape Width box, enter 0.46”.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until three stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Olive Green, Accent 3, Lighter 80% (second row, seventh option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the nextstop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 41%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 220, Blue: 52.In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 5% (sixth row, second option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 0%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and then do the following in the Shadow pane:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 60%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt. In the Angle box, enter 0⁰.In the Distance box, enter 0 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the 3-D Format pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Soft Round (second row, second option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 18.5 pt, and in the Height box, enter 6.5 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and under Translucent click Powder (first option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and under Special, click Flat (first option from the left). In the Angle box, enter 310°.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and then do the following in the Glow and Soft Edges pane:Click the button next to Presets, and then click Blue, 8 pt glow, Accentcolor1 (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifth row, first option from the left).Select the circle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the button to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate. On the slide, drag the duplicate circle to the right of the first circle. Select the duplicate circle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then, under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Aqua, Accent 5, Lighter 80% (second row, seventh option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the nextstop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 41%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 176, Blue: 240.In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 5% (sixth row, second option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 0%.Select the duplicate circle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the button to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate. On the slide, drag the new duplicate circle away from the second circle. Select the new duplicate circle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 255, Green: 209, Blue: 159.In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the nextstop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 41%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 255, Green: 134, Blue: 1.In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 5% (sixth row, second option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 0%.On the slide, drag the three circles to form a row. Press CTRL-A to select all three circles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align Selected Objects.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle.Point to Align, and then click Distribute Horizontally. Click Group.To reproduce the large rounded rectangle on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles, click Rounded Rectangle (second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rounded rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to reduce the rounding on the corners of the rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.26”.In the Shape Width box, enter 5”.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%.Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifth row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the 3-D Format pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel, click Cool Slant (first row, fourth option from the left). Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Standard, click Metal (fourth option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral, click Three Point (first row, first option from the left).Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Reflection in the left pane. In the Reflection pane, click the button next to Presets, and then click Tight Reflection, touching (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then clickAlign to Slide.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle.Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. On the slide select the group of ovals. Drag the group to position it in the top right corner of the rounded rectangle. To reproducethe raised rectangle on this slide, do the following:Select the large rectangle on the slide, and then on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy and then click Duplicate. Select the duplicate rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 2.31”.In the Shape Width box, enter 4.58”.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradient Options. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, click Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then under Gradient stops, do the following:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 5% (sixth row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 15% (fifth row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 70%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane. In the 3-D Format pane, do the following:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then click Angle. In the Width box enter 5 pt, and in the Height box, enter 3.5 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then click Warm Matte.Click the button next to Lighting, and then click Three Point.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Reflection in the left pane. In the Reflection pane, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Reflection.Drag the duplicate rectangle onto the bottom of the larger rectangle. To create the two embossed lines on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rounded Rectangle (first row, second option from the left). Drag to draw a rectangle on the slide. Select the new duplicate rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 0.1”.In the Shape Width box, enter 4.51”.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the right to increase the rounding on the corners of the rectangle. Note: If the yellow diamond is not visible, click the View tab and then in the Zoom group click Zoom. In the Zoom dialog box, click 400%.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then click No Outline.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shape Effects, point to Shadow, and then click Shadow Options.In the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and then do the following in the Shadow pane:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Inner, click Inside Diagonal Top Left(first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 80%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Reflection in the left pane. In the Reflection pane, click the button next to Presets, and then click Tight Reflection, touching (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate. Drag the duplicate rectangle underneath the other long, thin, rounded rectangle. Press and hold CTRL and select both of the long, thin, rounded rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align Selected Objects.Point to Align, and then click Align Center.Click Group.To align the shapes on the slide, do the following:Select the group of lines and drag the group onto the large rectangle, between the circles and the raised area. Press and hold CTRL and select the group of ovals, the group of lines, and the raised rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align,and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Distribute Vertically.De-select the group of ovals so that only the raised rectangle and the group of lines are selected. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Center.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Design tab, in the Background group, click Background Styles, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 46%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Blue, Accent 1, Lighter 60% (third row, fifth option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 0%.
  • Transcript of "Textile industry"

    1. 1. ♫India’s textile industry is one of the economy’s largest. ♫The industry scenario started changing after the economic liberalization of Indian economy in 1991. ♫ It has now become the largest industries in the world. ♫ Indian textile industry contributes about 14 % to industrial production. ♫4% to country’s gross domestic product. ♫17% to country’s export earnings ♫Provides direct employment to over 35 million people ♫India earns about 27% of its total foreign exchange through textile exports. ♫The textile industry of India also contributes nearly 14% of the total industrial production of the country. ♫It also contributes around 3% to the GDP of the country ♫It is the largest provider of employment after agriculture.
    2. 2. * * English inventors in the 18th century began to automate textile cottage industry processes including carding, spinning and weaving. * James Hargreaves developed the Spinning Jenny, a device which replaced eight hand spinners in one operation. Richard Arkwright assembled these processes and started the first factory on the Derwent River in Cromford, England in 1771. * In 1792, Samuel slater opened a yarn spinning mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, the first successful automated yarn spinning in the US. * In the early 1800s, cotton was raised in the southern United States and exported to mills in England and the north. . * In 1814, James Cabot Lowell of Boston built a factory in Waltham, up the Charles River from Boston. * Later, the Boston Associates built an entire mill town on the Merrimack River, and later named it "Lowell" in memory of James Cabot Lowell. * In the 1990s, a new world order began to replace. Buying from the lowest cost producer drove many textile manufacturers out of the production side and into imports. Manufacturing companies changed to marketing companies
    3. 3. *
    4. 4. * Indian textile industry can be divided into several segments, some of which can be listed as below: Cotton Textiles Silk Textiles Woollen Textiles Readymade Garments Hand-crafted Textiles Jute and Coir
    5. 5. * Facts of Indian Textile Industry India is the second largest producer of cotton yarn.  4% contribution to GDP  2nd largest producer of cotton  14% contribution to industrial production  17% contribution to export earning  Direct employment to more than 35 million people  India is the largest in loom age Concluding handloom in the world and contributes about 61 percent to the world loom age.  Strong and Diverse raw material base  Second largest exporter of yarn . Globally competitive spinning industries.  Strong presence in entire textile value chain.
    6. 6. * STRENGTH ♫ India has rich resources of raw materials of textile industry. It is one of the largest producers of cotton in the world and is also rich in resources of fibres like polyester, silk, viscose etc. ♫ India is rich in highly trained manpower. The country has a huge advantage due to lower wage rates. Because of low labour rates the manufacturing cost in textile automatically comes down to very reasonable rates. ♫ India is highly competitive in spinning sector and has presence in almost all processes of the value chain. ♫ Indian garment industry is very diverse in size, manufacturing facility, type of apparel produced, quantity and quality of output, cost, and requirement for fabric etc. It comprises suppliers of ready-made garments for both, domestic or exports markets.
    7. 7. Weakness ♫Knitted garments manufacturing has remained as an extremely fragmented industry. Global players would prefer to source their entire requirement from two or three vendors and the Indian garment units find it difficult to meet the capacity requirements. ♫ Industry still plagued with some historical regulations such as knitted garments still remaining as a SSI domain. ♫ Labour force giving low productivity as compared to other competing countries. ♫ Technology obsolescence despite measures such as TUFS. ♫ Low bargaining power in a customer-ruled market. ♫ India seriously lacks in trade pact memberships, which leads to restricted access to the other major markets. ♫Indian labour laws are relatively unfavourable to the trades and there is an urgent need for labour reforms in India.
    8. 8. Opportunity ♫ Low per-capita domestic consumption of textile indicating significant potential growth. ♫ Domestic market extremely sensitive to fashion fads and this has resulted in the development of a responsive garment industry. ♫ India's global share is just 3% while China controls about 15%. In post-2005, China is expected to capture 43% of global textile trade. ♫ Companies need to concentrate on new product developments. ♫ Increased use of CAD to develop designing capabilities and for developing greater options.
    9. 9. Threats ♫ Competition in post-2005 is not just in exports, but is also likely within the country due to cheaper imports of goods of higher quality at lower costs. ♫ Standards such as SA-8000 or WARP have resulted in increased pressure on companies for improvement of their working practices. ♫ Alternative competitive advantages would continue to be a barrier
    10. 10. * FACTORS AFFECTING TEXTILES Rivalry Government Regulation Policy Textile Industry Cost & Location Demand Conditions
    11. 11. *
    12. 12. * * Bangladesh is planning to set up two special economic zones (SEZ) for attracting Indian companies in view of the duty free trade between the two countries. * Italian luxury major Canali has entered into a 51:49 joint venture with genesis luxury fashion, which currently has distribution rights of Canali branded products in India . The company will now sell Canali branded products in India exclusively
    13. 13. * * * The industry which was growing at 3-4 percent during the last six decades has now accelerated to the annual growth rate of 9-10 percent but various factors have effecting annual growth rate of textile Industry, Global recession is one of them. The impact of the global and domestic economic slow down directly affect the performance of the industry. Index of industrial production (IIP) data has been released by the central statistical organization (CSO) shows a dismal picture of textile production . PERCENTAGE GROWTH IN TEXTILES
    14. 14. * * Developed countries' exports declined from 52.2% share in 1990 to 37.8 % in 2002. * And that of developing countries increased from 47.8% to 62.2 % in the same period. * In 2003 the exports figures in percentage of the world trade in Textiles Group (for select countries) were:
    15. 15. * 2% 2% ready garment 18% 45% 4% cotton textile Man-made textiles handi crafts 18% silk & handloom 25% Wool & Woolen textiles others
    16. 16. 30 25 20 15 10 17.6 19.1 FY 06 FY 07 22.1 21.2 22.4 FY 08 FY 09 FY 10 26.8 5 0 FY 11
    17. 17. * Financial year Textile exports US$ Millions Total exports US$ Percentage of Millions textile exports 2004-2005 14026.72 83538.95 16.79% 2005-2006 17520.07 103090.53 16.99% 2006-2007 19146.04 126262.68 15.16% 2007-2008 19558.53 143567.86 13.62% 2008-2009 18519.96 153018.22 12.10% 2009-2010 22418.00 178751.43 12.54%
    18. 18. * Company Business area Welspun India LTD Home tesxtile,bathrobes, terry towels Vardhman group Yarn,fabric,sewing threads, acrylic fibre Raymond Ltd. Tailored clothing,denim,shirting, woollen outerwear Bombay dyeing & manufacturing ltd.compqny Bed linen, towels, shirts, dresses, and saris in cotton and polyster blend ITC lifestyle Lifestyle market Reliance industries Ltd. Fabric, formal men's wear
    19. 19. * * Highest incidence of sickness * The plant and machinery and technology by a number of units are absolute. * Government regulations like the obligation to produce controlled cloth are against the interest of the industry. * * * The cotton yield per hectare of land is very low in India. Competition from the man made fabrics and synthetics. India has been facing severe competition from other countries like Taiwan, South Koria, China and Japan. * The cotton textile industry is frequently plagued by labour problems. * The industry faces number of other problems like power cuts, infrastructural * problems, lack of finance, exorbitant rise in raw material prices and production * costs etc.
    20. 20. * * The government has offered health insurance coverage to 161.10 million weavers and ancillary workers under handloom weavers comprehensive scheme. * The CENTRAL COTTAGE INDUSTRIES CORPORATION OF INDIA and THE HANDICRAFTS AND HANDLOOMS EXPORT CORPORATION OF INDIA have developed a number of e- marketing platforms to simplify marketing issues. * As per the 12th year five year plan, the integrated skill development scheme aims to train over 2675,000 people within next 5 years. * As per the credit guarantee program, over 25000 artisans credit cards have been supplied to artisans and 16.50 million additional applications for issuing credit cards have been forwarded to banks . * The Indian government has given approval to 40 new textiles parks to be set up and this would be executed over a period of 36 months. * The new textiles workers park would leverage employment to 400,000 textile
    21. 21. Xth A 24
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