E waste management in india

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This presentation is basically is on about e waste management in india , how electronic waste is dumped in india and how waste is tackled in the world as major dumping zone of ewaste of western countries is Asia.

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E waste management in india

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  2. 2. What is E-waste ?  E-waste comprises of waste electronics goods which are not fit for their originally intended use.  Such electronics goods may be television, telephones, radios, computers, printers, fax machines, DVDs and CDs etc. 2
  3. 3. Is E-waste hazardous?  Electronics products like computers and cell phones contain a lot of different toxins.  For example, Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs) contain heavy metals such as Lead, Barium and Cadmium, which can damage human nervous and respiratory system if they enter the water system. 3
  4. 4. Effects of E-waste On Environment On Human Health  Pollution of Ground-  DNA damage.  Lung Cancer.  Damage to heart, liver Water.  Acidification of soil.  Air Pollution.  E-Waste accounts for 40 percent of the lead and 75 percent of the heavy metals found in landfills. and spleen.  Chronic damage to the brain.  Asthmatic bronchitis. 4
  5. 5. Sources of E-waste  IT and Telecom Equipments  Large Household Appliances  Small Household Appliances  Consumer & Lighting Equipments  Electrical & Electronic Tools  Toys, Leisure & Sports Equipment  Medical Devices  Monitoring & Control Instruments 5
  6. 6. Dynamics of E-waste Generation  PC sales were over 7.3 million units during 2007- 08, growing by 16 percent .  The consumer electronics market is growing at the rate of 13-15 percent annually.  The cellular subscriber base was up by 96.86 per cent during 2007-08.  The total E-waste in India has been estimated to be 1,46,180 Tones per year. 6
  7. 7. E-waste Management The major components of E-waste Management are  E-waste collection, sorting and transportation.  E-waste recycling. In industries, management of E-waste is done by Waste Minimization Techniques. It involves Inventory management,  Production-process modification,  Volume reduction,  Recovery and reuse. 7
  8. 8. Recycling of 1. Treatment Options of E-Waste  Land filling.  Incineration. 1. Technology Currently Used in India  Decontamination.  Dismantling.  Pulverization/ Hammering.  Shredding.  Density separation using water. 8
  9. 9. Related Organizations  E-Parisaraa Pvt. Ltd., Bangalore, Karnataka.  Attero Recycling Pvt. Ltd., Roorkee, Uttarakhand.  Eco Recycling Pvt. Ltd., Andheri(East), Mumbai.  K. G. Nandini, near Bangalore, Karnataka.  Trishyiraya Recycling India Pvt. Ltd., Chennai.  Tess Amm Ltd., Chennai. 9
  10. 10. Impacts of Informal Recycling  CRT breaking operations result in injuries from cuts and acids and respiratory problems due to shredding, burning etc.  Waste components which does not have any resale or reuse value are openly burnt or disposed off in open dumps.  Plastic casings, cables and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) cable insulation can release highly toxic dioxins and furans when burned. 10
  11. 11. Initiatives Taken  To reduce informal recycling government has taken following steps :   Several workshops on electronic waste management has been organized by CPCB. Demonstration projects have also been set up by DIT at the Indian Telephone Industries.  Extended producer responsibility (EPR) is an environmental policy approach in which a producer’s responsibility for a product is extended to the post consumer stage.  Indo-German-Swiss e-waste initiative has been taken in 2004. 11
  12. 12. E-waste Challenges  Accurate figures not available for rapidly increasing e-waste volumes generated domestically and by imports.  Low level of awareness among manufacturers and consumers of the hazards of incorrect ewaste disposal.  Major portion of e-waste is processed by the informal (unorganized) sector using rudimentary techniques. 12
  13. 13. Responsibility and Role Industries  Manufacturers, distributors, and retailers should undertake the responsibility of recycling/disposal of their own products.  Manufacturers must be responsible for educating consumers regarding the potential threat posed by their products.  Companies should adopt Waste Minimizing Techniques. 13
  14. 14. Responsibility and Role Citizens  E-wastes should never be disposed with garbage and other household wastes.  Customers should opt for upgrading their electronic items to the latest versions rather than buying new.  While buying electronic products consumers should opt for those that: • • • are made with fewer toxic constituents. use recycled content. are energy efficient. 14
  15. 15. Legislation  Basel convention for regulating trans-boundary movement.  The hazardous waste (management and handling) rules, 1998 as amended in 2008.  Municipal solid waste management and handling rules for non-toxic content.  The Environment Protection Act - Biomedical Wastes (M&H) Rules 1998, Batteries (M&H) Rules 2001, etc. 15
  16. 16. Conclusion  Solid waste management becoming more complicated by the invasion of e-waste, particularly computer waste.  Establishment of e-waste collection, exchange and recycling centers should be encouraged.  Policy level interventions should include development of e-waste regulation, control of import and export of e-wastes. 16
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