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Draft presentation Draft presentation Presentation Transcript

  • The impact of the new media ontransformation of the public sphere in Russia
  • Four-year student: Yudanov I.V.Scientific supervisor: Kashirskikh O.N.
  • Topicality• The impact of political communication framework on overall institutional environment in Russia• Changing configuration of the public space in Russia• The new political reality in Russia
  • Public sphere• Used by Jurgen Habermas in his work “Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere” (1962)• Public sphere as a social institution, within which independent and critically-reviewed opinion is formed• The formation of rational consensus is a precondition for the emergence of pluralism
  • Public sphere and the new media• The growing political activism in Russia is closely linked with the development of the new media• The formation of new media spaces in recent years increased the degree of discussions and critical perception of political events within Russian society• Do the new media shape a new public sphere, or whether they only simulate its formation?
  • Discussions within expertcommunity• J.Fernback and B.Thomson: virtual world is rather an imitation of the public sphere• R.Barbrook: the new media’s development is a triumph of the "digerati“• L.Friedland: new communication technologies expand democratic practices
  • It is generally accepted that…• Russian blogosphere is a space free from the state control.• There is a "discussion core" that contains discussions on social and political issues• Russian Internet-users consume information that differs from that covered on federal TV channels
  • However…• E.Gorny: Russian blogosphere is only a substitution for the public sphere, as well as literature and criticism in the XIX century and the independent media in the 1990s were• Golynko-Volfson: in the years of Putins stability the phenomenon of active interaction in the public sphere was “frozen” and actually was equated with forms of leisure entertainment
  • Novelty of the research• Even such a "frozen" public sphere is gradually beginning to “thaw”• December protests put the sceptical estimates into question• The middle class, using new electronic media, trendy Internet TV channels and receiving news from social networking, is now a major actor in civil society• Media content which is consumed by the middle class largely determines the transformation of the public sphere in Russia
  • The object of this research is…• …the public sphere in Habermasian interpretation
  • The subject matter of our research is ...• …the impact of the new media on transformation of the public sphere in Russia
  • The main goal of this research is..• …to analyze the impact of new media on transformation of the public sphere in Russia, based on the new political reality
  • To do this we need to accomplish several tasks…• To analyze the phenomenon of the public sphere as a space of communication• To analyze the role of the new media in public space in general and in Russia, in particular• To interpret the processes of transformation of the public sphere in Russia and the factors influencing this process• To analyze the impact of the new media on transformation of the public sphere in Russia (with case studies), especially given the new political reality
  • The structure of the research• Introduction• Three chapters• Conclusion
  • In the first chapter…• The terms "the public sphere" and "the new media" are defined• Theoretical aspects of the concept of the public sphere, its interpretation and criticism, are considered
  • In the second chapter…• We will inspect the impact of the new media on political processes• We’ll examine the process of how traditional media are replaced with new digital forms• We’ll take a closer look at the examples of the above mentioned processes in Russia
  • In the third chapter…• Russian public sphere itself will be the object of our attention• We’ll examine the transformation of the public sphere during 1990’s, 2000’s and early 2010’s• The role of new media in this transformation, as well as their impact on recent political events are to be analyzed
  • In the conclusion…• …the main findings of the research will be formulated and forecast for the further transformation of public sphere is to be drawn
  • Thank you!