CLOUD COMPUTING:PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES Prepared for REZWANUL HUQUE KHAN LECTURER IBA UNIVERSITY OF DHAKA Prepared by FREERIDERS MBA 45(D) IBA UNIVERSITY OF DHAKA
Objectives1. What is the current state of Cloud Computing in the world?2. What are the positive sides?3. What are the challenges of implementing it as a professional service in Bangladesh?4. What are the opportunities of Cloud Computing in this country?
Emerging Cloud Platforms• Morgan Stanley has also identified Cloud computing as one of the prominent technology trends.• Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) provides a virtual computing environment that enables a user to run Linux-based applications.• Google App Engine also supports APIs for the data store, Google Accounts, URL fetch, image manipulation, and email services.• Google App Engine is free to use with up to 500MB of storage and about 5 million page views per month.• Microsoft Live Mesh aims to provide a centralized location for a user to store applications and data• Sun network.com (Sun Grid) enables the user to run Solaris OS, Java, C, C++, and FORTRAN based applications.• “$160- billion addressable market opportunity
Diversification of clouds SpecialDeployment type purpose • Google app enginePrivate Public Hybrid Community ebay Google IBM -
Specific Characteristics / Capabilities of Clouds Non-functional aspectsWhy differ?• Economic considerations• Technological challenges
Important non-functional aspects• Elasticity• Reliability• Quality of Service• Availability• Agility and adaptability
Economic Aspects• Cost reduction• Pay per use• Improved time to market• Return of investment (ROI)• Turning CAPEX into OPEX• Going Green
Technological Aspects• Virtualization• Multi-tenancy• Security, Privacy and Compliance• Data Management• APIs and / or Programming Enhancements• Metering• Tools
Gaps and Open Areas Technical Gaps Manageability and self Data Management Privacy & Security Federation & Interoperability Virtualization, Elasticity and Adaptability APIs, Programming Models & Resource Control
Gaps and Open Areas NON-TECHNICAL GAPS Legislation, Government & Policies Economic Concerns
SWOT Analysis Strengths Weaknesses Commercial success-stories. Few resource Selling products & infrastructures available in telecommunications Europe Strong telecommunication Research timelines vs. fast industry moving markets. On-going research projects Subsidiaries and and open source fragmentation of key technologies. industries. Strong synergies between No platform to find / select research and industry cloud providers.
SWOT Analysis SWOT Analysis Opportunities Threats Growing interest from Dependency on external both industry and (non-European)providers academia in cloud Technological impact / technologies development Strong experience and Investment/economic involvement in benefit asymmetry standardization efforts Lacking IaaS provider(s) Existing infrastructures High investment and with strong resources and funding required to build in particular with strong up infrastructure
Current scenario of cloud computing in Bangladesh
Cost comparison• Synesis IT Ltd. which is one of the leading IT companies of Bangladesh. They provides Secure, Scalable, On-Demand Application System and Data Access Solutions.
Existing System Cloud Based System Server Cost 25000 tk month, 5000~10000 tk month Backup Server Cost 25000 tk monthly and 5000 tk monthly( most of the (2000000)-fixed investment time no backup server necessary)Internal Networking Cost 30000~40000 monthly cost No Significant Cost 30000 Maintainace cost for workers 700000 tk fixed installment Cloud computing fee No cost 10000~20000 tk monthly Total Cost 1,10,0000 20000~30000 Complexity Complex Network Simpler Network Maintainance Licensing ,bandwidth
Capacity and utilization of submarine cable in Bangladesh50454035302520 Capacity(Gbps)15 Utilization(Gbps)10 5 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
E-GOVERNANCE IN BANGLADESH USING CLOUD COMPUTINGE-Governance •Utilizes the facilities provided by ICT to perform government processes •Automates the major state functions and capacities – Legislative, executive, judiciary •Allowing optimal functioning and better interaction between the governments, its institutions and people interaction of institutions
CLOUD ERP –A Future Solution for Bangladeshi EnterpriseCLOUD ERP •A revolutionary approach to deploy an ERP solution • flexible, adaptable, scalable, efficient and affordable • Successful to deliver business critical data
Potential of Cloud Computing for SMEs in Bangladesh• According to ISPAB • two huge cost hurdles that an SME faces • PC hardware • PC Software • the necessity for acquiring licensed copies of popular software
Prospects of Cloud Computing in BangladeshIMPLEMENTING E-GOVERNANCE IN BANGLADESH USING CLOUD COMPUTINGTECHNOLOGY
Factors limiting customer reachI. Security concernII. Concern over Availability and Business FunctionalityIII. Lack of confidence on the cloud technology
Security concernLegislative obligations Privacy laws Law and Policy Policies Audit
Security concernVendor monitoring Client monitoring Monitoring and Control Data Ownership Technical control
Security concern Secure gateway Encryption environment Security MeasuresPhysical security products Separate client firm’s data and devices from other customers
Concern over Availability and Business Functionality• Business criticality of data or functionality• Vendor’s business continuity and disaster recovery plan• Data backup plan• Network connectivity to the cloud• Vendor’s guarantee of availability
Concern over Availability and Business Functionality• Data integrity and availability• Data restoration• Scalability• Changing vendor• Impact of outages
Lack of confidence on the Cloud TechnologyFactor Point of ConcernVendor’s gateway Is it certified?Client firm’s identity and access Does vendor support?management systemVendor’s procurement process for Is it trustworthy?software and hardwareUsing the vendor’s cloud Does it weaken client firm’s network security?Storage media storing data at its Will it be properly sanitized?end of life
Constantly growing infrastructure promises a bright future Reliability Affordability
Government Regulations In Bangladesh no legal frame workNeed for policies on• Rights & responsibilities• Data protection• Liability
Recommendations• Infrastructure Improvement• Telecommunication upgrade• 3G Needed• Laws regarding cyber crime• Government incentives• Reliability to the potential customers.
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