Nuclear Operations In Saskatchewan[1]


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A presentation I was putting together for my band council. Work asked me not to, so I shelved it, and didn\'t finish it.

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Nuclear Operations In Saskatchewan[1]

  1. 1. Nuclear Operations in Saskatchewan Past, Present and Future Presentation never completed for an unspecified reason…If there is enough interest I might finish it.
  2. 2. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History • 1930’s - Pitchblende (a Uranium ore), is discovered near Goldfields, Saskatch ewan on the north shore of Lake Athabasca.
  3. 3. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History • 1939 (early) – Lise Meitner, and Otto Hahn of Germany discover Nuclear Fission. • August 2nd, 1939 – Albert Einstein writes a letter to U.S. President Roosevelt, explaining the significance of the German discovery.
  4. 4. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History • December 2nd, 1942 – Enrico Fermi achieves a critical stable nuclear reaction, at the university of Chicago, on the basketball court. A sketch of the Chicago Pile. The worlds first stable nuclear reactor.
  5. 5. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History • 1943 – All private prospecting for radioactive materials is banned in Canada. • 1943 – Eldorado Mining and Refining Limited (A crown corporation) is formed from Eldorado Gold, tasked to prospect and mine Canadian uranium resources.
  6. 6. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History • By 1959, 23 mines with 19 treatment plants were in operation in five districts of Canada. Uranium exports of CAD$ 330 million exceed the value for every other mineral. The majority of Uranium operations are found in Northern Saskatchewan, and Ontario.
  7. 7. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History • A new burst of exploration in the 1970s resulted in major discoveries in northern Saskatchewan's Athabasca Basin. Rabbit Lake, Cluff Lake and Key Lake mines started up in 1975, 1980 and 1983 respectively. Cameco Corporation was formed by merger in 1988.
  8. 8. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History 2001 – AREVA is formed from Cogema resources, Framatome, and a number of other predominant nuclear companies. The majority being French in origin. At a later date AREVA absorbs Siemens AG, and Kraftwerk Union. Both major German Reactor vendors, and Nuclear Services Companies.
  9. 9. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History Presently CAMECO Corporation, and AREVA resources are the largest and only significant Uranium mining, and Uranium processors in Saskatchewan. Both companies compete, and cooperate in resource development. Both process and mill uranium, and other mining products from their operations in the Province of Saskatchewan. No nuclear fuel is assembled in Saskatchewan at the present time.
  10. 10. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History • Other nuclear entities that are, or have been present in Saskatchewan. • Late in 2007 Cameco signed an agreement with Russia's AtomRedMetZoloto (ARMZ) to create joint venture companies to explore for and mine uranium in both Russia and Canada, starting with identified deposits in northwestern Russia as well as Saskatchewan and Nunavut.
  11. 11. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History • Other nuclear entities that are, or have been present in Saskatchewan. • Atomic Energy Canada Limited (AECL) Maintained an office in Saskatoon in the ’70s with an interest in selling a reactor in Saskatchewan. The office was closed after little success. • University of Saskatchewan – Operated a betatron, and now has at least one research fusion reactor of the Tokamak style. The U of S is participating in the ITER fusion project.
  12. 12. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History • Other nuclear entities that are, or have been present in Saskatchewan. • Saskatchewan Research Council – Currently operates an AECL Slowpoke 2 reactor. Primarily used as a neutron source for material activation, and mineral studies. • Saskatchewan Healthcare system – Possesses and provides numerous radioisotope treatments each year. The isotopes are held at numerous locations around the province.
  13. 13. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History • Other nuclear entities that are, or have been present in Saskatchewan. • Various – Other users of radiography, radio isotopes, and other nuclear produced radioisotopic sources include the mining industry, the petroleum industry, many other heavy industries, and in the non-destructive testing and inspection industry.
  14. 14. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear History • Things that did not happen • Saskatchewan Uranium was not used in the production of the weapons dropped on Japan. Some may have come from Ontario, and the Northwest territories but that information is not publicly available.
  15. 15. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear Future
  16. 16. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear Future • A 2007 SaskPower report, leaked last month to the CBC, revealed the Crown corporation had, under the previous NDP government, looked at potential sites for a nuclear reactor, with a location midway between Gardiner Dam at Lake Diefenbaker and the community of Elbow ranked as best. –Source National Post June 17th, 2008
  17. 17. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear Future Elbow, Saskatchewan
  18. 18. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear Future • Government officials denied a Globe and Mail report saying that Premier Brad Wall was poised to unveil plans Tuesday for a nuclear plant, and that Lloydminster would be the likely location. –Source National Post June 17th, 2008
  19. 19. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear Future Lloydminster, Saskatchewan
  20. 20. Saskatchewan’s Nuclear Future