Year 10 Free range and Organic

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Sustainable design

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  • 1. Free range:
    • What is free range?
      • Free range is a term which denotes a method of farming where the animals are allowed to roam freely instead of being contained in any manner.
    • Why should we choose free range?
  • 2. Laying cages- battery farming
  • 3. Barn eggs
  • 4. Free range
  • 5. Organic
  • 6. Free range:
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of free range?
    • In the envelope, match up the definitions under the titles free range and battery hens
  • 7.
    • Eggs
  • 8. Structure of eggs
    • Eggs are made up of 3 parts:
    • Shell – the colour of the shell does not affect the nutritional value
    • Egg white – there are 2 types to the egg white, the thick and thin
    • Egg yolk – the colour of the yolk is related to what the hens are fed on. The yolk also contains lecithin which is an emulsifier. This is useful when combining ingredients which would normally separate, for instance when it is used in mayonnaise to prevent oil and water separating.
  • 9. Inside an egg
  • 10. Nutrients found in eggs
    • Eggs are a good source of protein and fat-soluble vitamins. They are a good source of vitamin A, vitamin D, niacin and vitamin B12.
    • They are also a high-risk food and must be stored and used correctly. They should be stored in the fridge. Eggs that are stamped with a lion mark come from hens which are salmonella free.
  • 11. Lion Mark The Lion Quality Mark shows that eggs have been produced to the highest food safety standards
  • 12. Freshness of eggs
  • 13. Storage of eggs.
    • Do store eggs in a cool, dry place, ideally in the fridge.
    • Do store eggs away from other foods. It's a good idea to use your fridge's egg tray, if you have one, because this helps to keep eggs separate.
    • Do eat dishes containing eggs as soon as possible after you've prepared them, but if you're not planning to eat them straight away, cool them quickly and then keep them in the fridge.
    • Don't use eggs after their 'best before' date for the safest choice.
    • Don't use eggs with damaged shells, because dirt or bacteria might have got inside them.
  • 14. Choose the eggs that are right for you.
    • British: from hens born and reared on British farms
    • Barn reared: from hens raised in barns where they can exhibit their natural behaviours
    • Freedom food: from hens reared on British farms approved by freedom food to strict RSPCA standards
    • Free range: from hens free to roam outdoors in the daytime
    • Woodland: from hens reared on one of our 202 dedicated woodland farms
    • Organic: from hens free to roam outdoors during daylight hours in an organic field and fed an organic diet supplemented by food they obtain naturally
  • 15. What is organic?
    • 'Organic' – means not produced with chemical fertilizers or other artificial chemicals.
    • Organic food differs from conventionally produced food in the way it is grown, handled, and processed.
    • Organic food is produced without using pesticides, fertilizers, fungicides or herbicides.
    • Organic meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products come from animals that are not given antibiotics or drugs.
    • Organic farmers use natural methods to grow food
    • Crop rotation, use natural pest control, use natural compost to fertilise
  • 16. How do we know it’s organic?
    • Organic foods are governed by a strict set of rules. You can tell if product is organic if the packaging displays any of the following symbols.