Food miles


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Year 13 Edexcel contemporary issues

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Food miles

  1. 1. <ul><li>What we are learning today: </li></ul><ul><li>To be able to explain what food miles are. </li></ul><ul><li>To describe the global advantages and disadvantages of importing food. </li></ul><ul><li>Why we are learning this: </li></ul><ul><li>To independently decide whether you agree or disagree with importing food. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand that many controversial issues can be interpreted in different ways. </li></ul>5 Contemporary issues An awareness and implications of the following contemporary issues: sustainability of food supplies - ‘food miles’
  2. 2. Food Miles <ul><li>“ Food miles” - the total distance in miles the food item is transported from field to plate - has become accepted as a convenient indicator of sustainability; and has led to a general movement towards local production and local consumption in order to minimise them. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Missing words: Ninety-five flown climate distance imported car carbon dioxide doubled <ul><li>Food miles are the measure of the ____________ </li></ul><ul><li>a food travels from field to plate. This travel adds </li></ul><ul><li>substantially to the ___________ ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>emissions that are contributing to ____________ </li></ul><ul><li>change. ____________ per cent of the fruit and half </li></ul><ul><li>of the vegetables in the UK are __________. The </li></ul><ul><li>amount of food being _________ into the UK </li></ul><ul><li>____________ in the 1990s and is predicted to rise </li></ul><ul><li>further each year. Consumers are also directly </li></ul><ul><li>responsible for increased food miles. We now travel </li></ul><ul><li>further for our shopping and use the ______ more </li></ul><ul><li>often to do it. </li></ul>
  4. 4. With the items you have been given find out the origin and label them onto your world map.
  5. 5. Starter: Now you have the origin, use to find out how far they have travelled and add that to the map.
  6. 6. Causes for the increase? <ul><li>The growth of supermarkets has caused a drastic rise in food miles. A pint of milk or a crop of potatoes can be transported many miles to be packaged at a central depot and then sent many miles back to be sold near where they were produced in the first place. </li></ul><ul><li>Globalisation of the food industry with increased imports and exports and ever wider sourcing of food within the UK and abroad . </li></ul><ul><li>Another reason for rising food miles are cheaper labour costs in other countries. For example, some British fish is now sent to China – where the cost of employing people is much lower – for processing, then sent back to the UK to be sold. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers are also directly responsible for increased food miles. We now travel further for our shopping and use the car more often to do it. </li></ul><ul><li>Major changes in delivery patterns with most goods now routed through supermarket regional distribution centres using larger HGVs (heavy goods vehicles) </li></ul><ul><li>Centralised and concentrated sales in supermarkets where a weekly shop by car has replaced frequent pedestrian shop visits </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Are the following statements advantages or disadvantages??! </li></ul>
  8. 8. We use the money from producing our crops for both our children to be in primary school and to build a new home and put in electricity. By importing food we generate large amounts of CO2 causing global warming. The countries that will be most effected are those we import from. Many African countries will have drought and not be able to farm any more. Producing this food has transformed communities. Now young people want to stay in farming because there is money and a future in it. They can have smart phones and good clothes by living here not in a city.
  9. 9. What do Europeans want – to see us all stay in poverty, to come to Europe looking for jobs? By exporting these crops we can earn more and invest in better lives and future developments. By travelling by car to supermarkets we are contributing to global warming so in the future many areas may become flooded while others become desertified.
  10. 10. The direct social, environmental, and economic costs of food transport are estimated at over £9 billion each year. Our farming contributes little to global warming. We use people to weed fields not tractors. I wonder whether stopping the export of out produce to Europe would stop the planes flying and whether that would really reduce the carbon emissions? Food transported across the world burns up a lot of fossil fuel and contributes to global warming.
  11. 11. How does the whole process of food affect the environment?
  12. 12. <ul><li>I think that we should/should not import food because… </li></ul>
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