Diet related diseases

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Year 13 Edexcel Food Tech

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Diet related diseases

  1. 1. 5 Contemporary issues An awareness and implications of the following contemporary issues: Diet-related diseases - coronary heart disease CHD - obesity
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why are people today less physically active? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>People travel on buses and cars, rather than walking. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people work in offices, where they are sitting still for most of the day. This means that the calories they eat are not getting burnt off as energy. Instead, the extra calories are stored as fat. </li></ul><ul><li>Children playing more computer games. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in fast food </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Obesity – Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube - Causes of obesity in Britain </li></ul>
  5. 5. Short term <ul><li>breathlessness, </li></ul><ul><li>increased sweating, </li></ul><ul><li>snoring, </li></ul><ul><li>difficulty sleeping, </li></ul><ul><li>inability to cope with sudden physical activity, </li></ul><ul><li>feeling very tired every day, and </li></ul><ul><li>back and joint pains. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Long term <ul><li>high blood pressure ( hypertension ) </li></ul><ul><li>high cholesterol levels  (fatty deposits blocking up your arteries) </li></ul><ul><li>type 2 diabetes - a chronic (long-term) condition that is caused by too much glucose in the blood. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lifestyle choices <ul><li>eating processed or fast food that is high in fat, </li></ul><ul><li>not eating fruit, vegetables and unrefined carbohydrates , such as wholemeal bread and brown rice, </li></ul><ul><li>drinking too much alcohol - alcohol contains a lot of calories, and heavy drinkers are often overweight, and </li></ul><ul><li>eating out a lot - as you may have a starter or dessert in a restaurant, and the food can be higher in fat and sugar, </li></ul><ul><li>eating larger portions than you need - you may be encouraged to eat too much if your friends or relatives are also eating large portions, and </li></ul><ul><li>comfort eating - if you feel depressed or have low self-esteem you may comfort eat to make yourself feel better. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Coronary-heart-disease - Introduction </li></ul>
  9. 9. Find out the dietary requirements of the following religious groups: <ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Sikhism </li></ul>

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