Success Stories for a Changing Ocean

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by Elise Quebec

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Success Stories for a Changing Ocean

  1. 1. ONE ocean
  2. 2. What  is  your  rela.onship  with  the  ocean?    
  3. 3. WHY SHOULD WE CARE?   Oceans  hold  97%  of  the  planets  water     Provides  more  than  half  of  the  oxygen  we  breath     Regulates  climate     Provides  seafood  that  fuels  the  economy     Space  for  recrea.onal  ac.vi.es          “It’s  our  life  support  system”                                  -­‐Sylvia  Earle  
  4. 4. Changes  that  humans  are  causing  to   the  ocean  could  affect  us  forever.     Its  important  to  know  HOW  we  are  causing  this  change,  so  we  can  fix  it!  
  5. 5. Marine Fisheries
  6. 6. MARINE FISHERIES   Many  of  the  world’s  fish  stocks  are  being  depleted     By-­‐catch:  the  unwanted  fish  and  other  marine  creatures  caught  during  commercial   fishing  for  a  different  species.     ½-­‐  2/3  of  the  species  caught  aren't  being  fished  for     Unreported  and  unregulated  fishing  are  harming  the  ecology  of  the  ocean     Affects  sea  turtles  and  other  mammals  
  7. 7. Pollution
  8. 8. POLLUTION  It  is  es.mated  that  80%  of  marine  pollu.on   originates  on  land    Nutrient  run-­‐off  from  agriculture,  sewage  and   wastewater  discharge  create  “dead  zones”    There  are  over  500  dead  zones  in  the  ocean    They  add  up  to  the  size  of  Michigan     Marine  debris  is  comprised  mostly  of  plas.c    There  is  one  ton  of  plas.c  for  every  2  tons  of   fish  in  the  ocean  
  9. 9. Acidification
  10. 10. ACIDIFICATION  The  ocean  acts  as  a  carbon  sink    Meaning  it  absorbs  carbon  dioxide  (CO2)  from  the   atmosphere    When  it  absorbs  more  carbon  dioxide,  it  becomes   more  acidic    Marine  life  are  struggling  to  adapt  to  this  change    The  ocean  is  30%  more  acidic  than  it  was  in  the   industrial  revolu.on    
  11. 11. SUCCESS STORIES
  12. 12. SUCCESS STORIES Barbuda  Blue  Halo  Sustainable  Fisheries  Ini.a.ve   •  Mission  involves  “empowering  communi.es  to  restore  their  ocean.”  
  13. 13. California  Academy  of  Sciences  Marine   Expedi.on  Highlights  Marine  Protected  Areas  
  14. 14. Health  of  Salish  Sea  Ecosystem    Ini.a.ve  launched   under  EPA  and   Environmental   Canada  Pacific  Yukon    Trans-­‐boundary   coopera.on  between   US  and  Canada  on   West  Coast    Studying  trends  to  get   a  beder  picture  of   environmental   condi.ons  
  15. 15. NOAA:  “Sustainable  Fisheries  –  A  U.S.   Success  Story”     NOAA  along  with  the  US   government  is  coming  up  with   ways  to  manage  fisheries   sustainably       Since  2000,  more  than  30  fish   stocks  have  been  rebuilt       Improving  fisheries  has  shown   real  economic  benefits     In  2012,  commercial   fishermen  caught9.6   billion  pounds  of  seafood   equal  to  $5.1  billion  
  16. 16. Project  Catalyst    Partnership  between   governments,  non-­‐profit  and  over   70  sugar-­‐cane  growers  in   Queensland,  Australia      Pioneering  innova.ve  farming   prac.ces  to  improve  water  quality   by  reducing  pollu.on      Reduced  nutrient  pollu.on  in   Great  Barrier  Reef  by  60%    
  17. 17. Continuing Initiatives •  Guanabara  Bay  -­‐  Chesapeake  Bay  Partnership   •  Glacier  Bay  Na.onal  Park  in  Alaska  and   Francisco  Coloane  Marine  Protected  Area  in   Chile   •  El  Salvador  and  Turtle  Excluder  Device  (TED)   Sea  Turtle  Protec.on   •  Coiba  Island  Marine  Reserve  and  Na.onal   Park  in  Panama  
  18. 18. IT’S UP TO YOU   Mind  your  carbon  footprint       Use  fewer  plas.c  products       Eat  sustainably       Beach  cleanup       Support  protec.on  of  the  ocean       Influence  change  in  your  community       Prac.ce  responsible  boa.ng       LEARN,  LEARN  &  LEARN  

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