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Anytime, Anyplace, AnywhereWhy NRENs Should Embrace the Martini Principle?Harold Teunissen et al. – SURFnetNORDUNET 2011 –...
The right one...                                     Commercial Break                                                     ...
Changing Behaviors  Hierarchical                                                                  Self Organizing    Secre...
Motive• Cloud cloud cloud — data explosion• Mobile mobile mobile — device explosion• Go go go — study + work + play +  col...
Mobile Data in the Netherlands• With 19.5 million subscribers, the volume increases on    average by 140% every half year,...
Increased capabilities     Basic                                                                       Smart    Phone     ...
More — is less for the rest of us...     What to do with a 2GB data plan                                                  ...
Technology Convergence2000        2001          2002      2003         2004        2005        2006         2007        20...
Wireless AmbitionVision: to allow students, researchers andemployees to collaborate, research, learnanytime and anywhere t...
Wireless Campus Issues• Gap between board and working floor      - Maintenance of wireless networks is substantial      - W...
Wireless Campus Desires• Coupling of wireless campus with (private)  3G/4G infrastructures — “Open SIM” /  operator agnost...
Business Scenarios                                                                                  SURFnet               ...
Current Mobile Offering                                                                                                    ...
eduroam on sweetspots= existing                                 Wireless= development               Innovator             ...
= existingxed                    4G eduroam                              Mobile                                           ...
What other NRENs do• Generally, mobile access to licensed  spectrum is not provided by NRENs• eduroam is provided by all G...
Martini PrincipleIt is the right time…• To keep up with the increasing demands of   our constituency• Aim at a global solu...
harold.teunissen@surfnet.nl   haroldteunissen
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Anywhere, anytime, any place - embrace the Martini Principle

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  1. 1. Anytime, Anyplace, AnywhereWhy NRENs Should Embrace the Martini Principle?Harold Teunissen et al. – SURFnetNORDUNET 2011 – 7 June 2011
  2. 2. The right one... Commercial Break Source: Martini® DrinksAnytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 2
  3. 3. Changing Behaviors Hierarchical Self Organizing Secrecy TransparencyLoose Alliance Collaboration Sluggish Urgency Novelty Innovation Tunnel Vision Didactic Source: Sir Ken Robison Anytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 3
  4. 4. Motive• Cloud cloud cloud — data explosion• Mobile mobile mobile — device explosion• Go go go — study + work + play + collaborate + organize + et cetera• “Run you life on a mobile” Source: AMDAnytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 4
  5. 5. Mobile Data in the Netherlands• With 19.5 million subscribers, the volume increases on average by 140% every half year, peaking at 7.9 PB in 2010• Comparison: it is expected that the Large Hadron Collider will generate roughly 15 Petabytes annually... 5 PB 4 PB 3 PB 4.7 PB 2 PB 3.2 PB 2.3 PB 1 PB 1.5 PB 2010 - H2 2010 - H1 0.9 PB 2009 - H2 0 PB 0.4 PB 2008 - H2 2009 - H1 2008 - H1 Source: OPTA Mobile data volume in Petabyte (per half year)Anytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 5
  6. 6. Increased capabilities Basic Smart Phone 1x Phone 24x Monthly data trafficGamingPhone 60x 122x TabletLaptop 515x Source: Cisco© VNI Mobile 2011 Anytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 6
  7. 7. More — is less for the rest of us... What to do with a 2GB data plan Up/downloading data takes timeType Quality Hours of streaming Application 512 kb/s 1 Mb/s 8 Mb/s 100 Mb/sAudio Radio 45.8 96 kb/s hours 5MB music 82* 42 5 <1 track seconds seconds seconds second 3G 27.5 160 kb/s hours 25MB 6.8 3.5 26 2 CD 13.8 presentation minutes minutes seconds seconds 320 kb/s hoursVideo Low 11.9 375 kb/s hours 750MB 3.3 104 13 1 movie hours minutes minutes minute Medium 6.9 644 kb/s hours 20GB 93.2 47.6 6 28.7 High 1.7 bluray hours hours hours minutesSource: Cult of Mac 2600 kb/s hours *Theoretical time to download files Approx. 20% of the users consume 80% of the capacity Anytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 7
  8. 8. Technology Convergence2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 > 2012GSM TDMA CDMA CDMA/TDM OFDMA LTE GSM GPRS EDGE UMTS HSDPA HSUPA LTE ADVDL: 9.6K DL: 60K DL: 177K DL: 384K DL: 1.8-7.2M DL: 7.2M DL: 100M DL: 1GUL: 9..6K UL: 40K UL: 188K UL: 384K UL: 384K UL: 5.8M UL: 50M UL: 500MCDMA CDMA CDMA/TDM OFDMA + CDMA EVDO EVDO EVDO IS95 1xRTT UMB Rev 0 Rev A Rev BDL: 14.4K DL: 153K DL: 2.4M DL: 3..1M DL: 3.1-73M DL: 70-200MUL: 14.4K UL: 153K UL: 153K UL: 1.8M UL: 1.8-27M UL: 30-45MWiMAX OFDM OFDMA 802.16d 802.16e 802.16m DL: 11M DL: 10-70M DL: 100M UL: 11M UL: 10-70M UL: 100MWi-Fi DSSS OFDM over CSMA/CD Work in progress 802.11g 802.11aa/ 802.11 802.11b 802.11n 802.11a ac/ad/af/ahDL: 2M DL: 11M DL: 54M DL: 200M DL: < 1GUL: 2M UL: 11M UL: 54M UL: 200M UL: < 1G 8 Anytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik
  9. 9. Wireless AmbitionVision: to allow students, researchers andemployees to collaborate, research, learnanytime and anywhere they seem fit!• Any* is a broad concept• Better to narrow it down to — “at the right time, at the right place”• Partner with national mobile operator and community• Leverage on experience other NRENsAnytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 9
  10. 10. Wireless Campus Issues• Gap between board and working floor - Maintenance of wireless networks is substantial - Wireless access is essential for end-users - Wireless infrastructure is regarded as secondary• Network planning - constantly changing building infrastructure raises coverage challenges and is unpredictable• WLAN — scalability, interference, availability• Limited or too much coverage (eduroam conflicts)• Session continuity and access to campus services whilst movingAnytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 10
  11. 11. Wireless Campus Desires• Coupling of wireless campus with (private) 3G/4G infrastructures — “Open SIM” / operator agnostic• Guest access to eduroam• Traceability and privacy-proof indoor positioning of individuals• Easier network planning — coverage outside buildings• Outsourcing of network maintenance• Less bureaucracy, match finances with plans and stop reinventing the wheelAnytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 11
  12. 12. Business Scenarios SURFnet = existing ACCESS Fixed Optical Mobile = development Wireless WLAN ROLE Innovator Facilitator 3G/4G Innovator Innovator Facilitator Institute Operator Institute Institute Market INFRA SURFnet RAN SURF Spectrum Operator Spectrum WLAN + City WLAN WLAN WLAN Institutes Nether- Nether- Pilot Pilot Institutes Nether- Nether- COVERAGE Backbone lands Institutes lands Area Area Institutes Institutes + Cities Institutes lands lands 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 ROLE Provider Retail Wholesale Buyer MVNO MNO Testbed Customer Customer Testbed WNO eduroam eduroam Buyer SURFnet MNO MNO CAPEX UNKOWN 1M€ 15-50M€ 300M€ 300M€ 1-10M€ 1-10M€ 15-50M€ 5-15M€ 5-15M€ p/city WIRELESS RAN + WLAN RAN + WLANINTEGRATION seamless integration 15 RAN + WLAN seamless integration seamless integration LEGENA Innovator = market can’t provide, SURF takes the lead Facilitator = market provides, SURF negotiates best service Anytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 12
  13. 13. Current Mobile Offering S ACCESS Fixed Mobile• Targeted at students ROLE Innovator Facilitator• Mobile data subscriptions for end- users Operator INFRA SURFnet RAN SURF Spectru• SIMs and dongles• Competitive price level Institutes Nether- Nether- COVERAGE Backbone lands Institutes lands• MVNO business case is off 1 2 3 4 5 6 ROLE Provider Retail Whol Buyer MVNO MNO SURFnet MNO MN CAPEX Anytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik UNKOWN 1M€ 15-50M€ 300M€ 13 300
  14. 14. eduroam on sweetspots= existing Wireless= development Innovator Facilitator Institute • eduroam experiencectrum Institute WLAN + City Institute WLAN Market WLAN available on WLAN commercial hotspots • Free for end-usersitutes Institutes Institutes + Cities Institutes Nether- lands Nether- lands • Discussion on reciprocal use on9 10 11 12 13 14 campusestomer Testbed WNO eduroam eduroam Buyer • Contracts through institutions-50M€ 5-15M€ 5-15M€ Anytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 14 p/city
  15. 15. = existingxed 4G eduroam Mobile Wireles = development 4Govator Facilitator Innovator Innovator • Always connected Operator Institute Operator Spectrum + Institute InsRFnet • Independent of RAN SURF Spectrum Operator Spectrum Institute WLANWLAN + City WLAN W Technology and Operator • Seamless roaming over tutes Nether- Nether- Pilot Pilot Instituteskbone Wi-Fi/3G/4G without lands Institutes lands Area Area Institutes Institutes + Cities Inst changes to the device 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 viderRFnet • Defining a campus pilot Buyer MVNO MNO Retail MNO Wholesale MNO Testbed Customer Customer Testbed WNO ed with institutions, a vendor, and mobile operator 300M€ UNKOWN 1M€ 15-50M€ 300M€ 1-10M€ 1-10M€ 15-50M€ 5-15M€ 5-15M€ p/city RAN + WLAN Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 15 15 RAN + WLAN seamless integration Anytime,
  16. 16. What other NRENs do• Generally, mobile access to licensed spectrum is not provided by NRENs• eduroam is provided by all GÉANT members and many other NRENs worldwide• HEAnet — Defined Strategy, WiMAX trials and acquired licensed spectrum• JANET — MVNO tight to eduroam• SWITCH — PWLAN Country FTTH/ FTTO DSL WLAN Source: Terena Compendium 2011 3G/use of mobile Satellite Licensed spectrum Unlicensed spectrum Other operators• NII (JP) — Livedoor EU/EFTA countries Austria Belgium no now no no no no no no no no no no no no no now Cyprus plan plan no no• some others Czech Rep. Denmark Finland no now no no no no no no no no now no no no no now no France no no no no now no no now Greece now Hungary now now now now no now now nowAnytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 16 Ireland no now trial now now now no
  17. 17. Martini PrincipleIt is the right time…• To keep up with the increasing demands of our constituency• Aim at a global solution - Both nationally and internationally• Act as fire starter• Market and technology aggregation• Leverage our experience with o.a. identity and access management and building federationsAnytime, Anyplace, Anywhere - NORDUnet 2011 - 7 June 2011 - Reykjavik 17
  18. 18. harold.teunissen@surfnet.nl haroldteunissen
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