Ocean Resources

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Ocean Resources

  1. 1. Environmental Consideration on Food and Energy Resources from the Ocean3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 1
  2. 2. Problems arise from theocean resources:• Human population3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 2
  3. 3. Problems arise from the oceanresources:• Pollution3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 3
  4. 4. Problems arise from the oceanresources:• Natural hazard3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 4
  5. 5. Problems arise from the oceanresources:• Over exploitation3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 5
  6. 6. Problems due to human population• As population increases more resources use• Pollution to water surface• Hazardous waste management• More people exploited the oceans for minerals and oil/natural gas exploration3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 6
  7. 7. Increase of population3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 7
  8. 8. Pollution to ocean surface andhazardous waste3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 8
  9. 9. More people exploited the ocean3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 9
  10. 10. Problems due to pollution• Oil spills from ships• 28% from extraction of oil & fuel fossils from the ocean• Hazardous waste such human excreta, plastics (garbage)3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 10
  11. 11. Oil Spills from ships3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 11
  12. 12. Oil spills• EEXON VALDEZ, March of 1989, Prince William, off Alaska shore.3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 12
  13. 13. Oil spills from extraction3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 13
  14. 14. Problems arise from ocean forbeing exploited• Ecologically destructive e.g. some species become instinct, natural habitat are destroyed3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 14
  15. 15. Marine life endangered3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 15
  16. 16. Problems due natural hazards• Damages to property• Lost of life• Economic lost specially to those dependent on ocean resources3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 16
  17. 17. Natural hazards3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 17
  18. 18. What can we do?• Mariculture and aquaculture- start farming our seas instead of hunting3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 18
  19. 19. How about oil spills?• Government sectors and voluntary organization with civilians clean the shores regularly to maintain ocean resources3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 19
  20. 20. Lets clean our shores• Picking up trashes along shorelines• Proper garbage disposal to implement3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 20
  21. 21. Natural hazards Ocean water submerges coastal buildings on Thailand’s Phi Phi Island after the worst tsunami in history killed people in 14 countries rimming the Indian Ocean in December 2004. The death toll reached more than 250,000 people. It far eclipsed the death toll caused by the second worst tsunami, which destroyed Lisbon, Portugal, in 1755 and killed 60,000 people.• Police authority zone 40 meters from foreshores to protect ocean resources and to protect property damages and life lost.3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 21
  22. 22. Ocean Laws• First United Nation Conference on “Law on Sea” was held on 1958, treaty related to exploitation of continental shelf• 1982 UN Conference tackles seabeds mining majority 130 voted opposition 4 countries (USA, Turkey, Israel, Venezuela) with 17 abstention. Final Act 140 nation had signed it took effect in 1994.3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 22
  23. 23. • International Seabeds Authority (ISA) regulates the exploitation and development of seabeds resources.• 1994 some provision are revised by the US Congress mainly because US support private companies and economically speaks US need it badly.• 1987, “Territorial Sea” extending 12 nautical miles out of shorelines• Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ), applies to all nation 200-350 nautical miles to continental shelf. EEZ do have jurisdiction on mining, fisheries, scientific researches and pollution regulation.3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 23
  24. 24. The end3/23/1997 Author: Tomas U. Ganiron Jr 24

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