IT Camp Windows Server 2012 Beta Hyper-V Overview
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IT Camp Windows Server 2012 Beta Hyper-V Overview

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Overview of Hyper-V capabilities in Windows Server 2012 Beta.

Overview of Hyper-V capabilities in Windows Server 2012 Beta.

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IT Camp Windows Server 2012 Beta Hyper-V Overview Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Windows Server 2012 Beta Hyper-V: A More Complete Virtualization Platform Harold Wong blogs.technet.com/haroldwong @haroldwongThe information contained in this document relates to a pre-release product which may be substantiallymodified before it is commercially released. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied with respect tothe information presented here.
  • 2. Beyond virtualizationBasic server virtualization technology helpsachieve cost savings and operational efficiencies Let’s go beyond basic Create more dynamic virtualization. platforms to: • Build private clouds. • Create more flexible virtualization solutions on site to support core line of business applications and high availability solutions. Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 2
  • 3. Hyper-V before Windows Server 2012 BetaHyper-V history Windows Server 2008 R2 improvements to • Introduced with Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V • New version in Windows Server 2008 R2 • Increased availability for moving virtual machines • Update with Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 • Increased availability for adding and removing virtual machine storageTwo manifestations of Hyper-V • Improved management of virtual data centers • Hypervisor-based virtualization feature of Windows • Simplified method for physical and virtual computer Server 2008 R2 deployments • Microsoft Hyper-V Server, a free stand-alone product • Hyper-V processor compatibility mode for live containing only: migration – Windows Hypervisor • Improved virtual networking performance – Windows Server driver model • Improved virtual machine memory management – Virtualization components Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 3
  • 4. A more complete virtualization platformHyper-V in Windows Server 2012 Beta More secure multitenancy Flexible infrastructure, when and where you need it Scale, performance, and density High availability Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 4
  • 5. More secure multitenancy Extending the Hyper-V Multitenant security and Extensible Switch for new isolation capabilities Helps ensure that each customer’s data is completely separate and secure from other customers’ information.Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 5
  • 6. Multitenant security and isolation Hyper-V Extensible Switch • New feature • Handles network traffic between: – Virtual machines – The external network – The host operating system • Layer-2 virtual interface • Programmatically managed • ExtensibleNIC = network adapter Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 6
  • 7. Multitenant security and isolationPrivate virtual LAN (PVLAN) • Isolate virtual machines from other virtual machines in your data center. • Create community groups of virtual machines that can exchange data packets. Example PVLAN: ‒ Primary VLAN ID is 2 ‒ Secondary VLAN IDs are 4 and 5 Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 7
  • 8. Multitenant security and isolation Other tools Benefits • ARP spoofing protection • Enhanced security and isolation • DHCP guard protection • Manageability • Virtual port ACLs • Isolation of customers’ networks from one another • Trunk mode to virtual machines • No need to set up and maintain VLANs • Monitoring • Protection against malicious data • Windows PowerShell/WMI interceptionWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 8
  • 9. Extending the Hyper-V Extensible Switch for new capabilitiesTwo platforms for extensions: • NDIS filter drivers • WFP callout driversYou can extend or replace: • Ingress filtering • Destination lookup and forwarding • Egress filteringOther features: • Extension monitoring • Extension uniqueness • Extensions that learn virtual machine life cycle • Extensions that can veto state changes • Multiple extensions on same switch Architecture of the Hyper-V Extensible Switch Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 9
  • 10. Hyper-V Extensible Switch extension types Extension Purpose Potential Examples Extensible component Inspecting network packets, but not Network Packet Inspection altering them sFlow and network monitoring NDIS filter driver Injecting, modifying, and dropping Network Packet Filter network packets Security NDIS filter driver OpenFlow, Virtual Ethernet Port Third-party forwarding that bypasses Network Forwarding default forwarding Aggregator (VEPA), and proprietary NDIS filter driver network fabrics Filtering and modifying TCP/IP packets, monitoring or authorizing Virtual firewall and connection Firewall/Intrusion Detection connections, filtering IPsec-protected monitoring WFP callout driver traffic, and filtering RPCsWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 10
  • 11. Flexible infrastructure, when and where you need it Scale beyond VLANs with Migrate virtual machines Move virtual machine storage Hyper-V without downtime with minimal downtime network virtualization Reliably import virtual Merge snapshots while the Use new automation support machines virtual machine is running for Hyper-V Adding and moving servers is now faster and easier.Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 11
  • 12. Scale beyond VLANs with Hyper-V network virtualizationHow network virtualization works: • Two IP addresses for each virtual machine • General Routing Encapsulation (GRE) • IP address rewrite • Policy management serverProblems solved: • Removes VLAN constraints. • Eliminates hierarchical IP address assignment for virtual machines. Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 12
  • 13. IP address rewrite How IP address rewrite works Benefits • Each Customer Address (CA) is mapped to a unique • Requires no upgrade of network Provider Address (PA). adapters, switches, or network appliances • Information is sent in regular TCP/IP packets • Can be deployed today without sacrificing on the wire. performanceWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 13
  • 14. Network virtualization exampleWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 14
  • 15. Benefits of Hyper-V network virtualizationTenant network No new hardwaremigration to the Tenant virtual Simplified (servers, switches, a Full management cloud without machine network and ppliances) needed through Windowsreconfiguration deployment improved to help achieve PowerShell and and without anywhere in the server/network maximum WMI compromising data center resource use performance isolation Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 15
  • 16. Migrate virtual machines without downtime Live migration setup Memory page transferredImprovements• Faster migration and simultaneous migration• Live migration outside a clustered environment Modified pages transferred Storage handle moved Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only SMB-share-based live migration
  • 17. Migrate virtual machines without downtimeBenefits• Increase flexibility of virtual machine placement• Increase administrator efficiency• Reduce downtime for migrations across cluster boundaries Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only “Share nothing" live migration 17
  • 18. Move virtual machine storage with no downtimeLive storage migration • Move virtual hard disks (VHDs) attached to a running virtual machine.Benefits • Manage storage in a cloud environment with greater flexibility and control. • Move storage with no downtime. • Update physical storage available to a virtual machine (such as SMB-based storage). • Windows PowerShell cmdlets. Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 18
  • 19. Reliably import virtual machinesImport Wizard • Detects and fixes problems • Doesn’t require the virtual machine to be exported • Allows a virtual machine to be copied to a USB flash drive • Moves virtual machines more easily and reliably • Uses Windows PowerShell cmdlets for automationBenefit • A simpler, better way to import or copy virtual machines. Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 19
  • 20. Merge snapshots while the virtual machine is running Snapshot features Benefit • Snapshot data are stored in .avhd files • Update parent virtual hard disks while the virtual machine is still running • You can merge the .avhd disk into the parent while the virtual machine continues to run • I/O is suspended to a small range while data in the range is processed • At completion, online merge fixes merged disks and closes files.Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 20
  • 21. Use new automation support for Hyper-VMore than 150 Designed for IT Task-oriented Consistent cmdlets pros interface cmdlet nounsWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 21
  • 22. Scale, performance, and density Hyper-V host scale and scale-up Offloaded Data Transfers (ODX) workload support support in Hyper-V Dynamic Memory improvements Data Center Bridging (DCB) for Hyper-V Virtual Fibre Channel in Hyper-V Resource Metering in Hyper-V Support for 4-KB disk sectors in New virtual hard disk format Hyper-V virtual disks Quality of Service (QoS) Increases scalability of the data center and uses fewer servers to run more virtual machine workloads.Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 22
  • 23. Hyper-V host scale and scale-up workload support Maximum number ImprovementSystem Resource Windows Server 2012 Windows 2008 R2 factor Beta Logical processors on hardware 64 160 2.5Host Physical memory 1 TB 2 TB 2 Virtual processors per host 512 1,024 2 Virtual processors per virtual machine 4 32 8Virtual Memory per virtual machine 64 GB 1 TB 16machine Active virtual machines 384 1,024 2.7 Nodes 16 64 4Cluster Virtual machines 1,000 4,000 4 Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 23
  • 24. Hyper-V host scale and scale-up workload support Non-Uniform Memory Access (NUMA) support in a virtual machine • Projects NUMA topology onto a virtual machine • Allows guest operating systems and applications to make intelligent NUMA decisions • Aligns guest NUMA nodes with host resources Guest NUMA topology by default matches host NUMA topologyWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 24
  • 25. Hyper-V host scale and scale-up workload support SR-IOV support in Hyper-V • Increases network throughput • Reduces network latency • Reduces host CPU overhead for processing network traffic Benefits • Maximize use of host system processors and memory • Handle the most demanding workloads VF = virtual functionWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 25
  • 26. Dynamic Memory improvements for Hyper-VDynamic Memory • Introduced in Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 • Reallocates memory automatically among running virtual machinesWindows Server 2012 Betaimprovements • Minimum memory • Hyper-V smart paging • Memory ballooning • Runtime configuration Virtual machine starting with Hyper-V smart paging Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 26
  • 27. Dynamic Memory improvements for Hyper-VBenefits • Higher consolidation numbers • Improved reliability of Hyper-V operations • Ability to change memory configuration with minimal downtime Removing paged memory after virtual machine restart Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 27
  • 28. Resource MeteringFeatures Metrics• Uses resource pools • Average CPU use• Is compatible with all • Average memory use Hyper-V operations • Minimum memory use• Is unaffected by virtual • Maximum memory use machine movement • Maximum disk allocation• Uses Network Metering Port ACLs • Incoming network traffic • Outgoing network traffic A two-tenant environment built with Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012 BetaWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 28
  • 29. Resource Metering Basic model of Resource Metering Benefits of Resource Metering • Tracking of virtual machine use is easier. • You can use it to aggregate data for multiple virtual machines. • You can use it to build accurate lookback and chargeback solutions. • Obtaining resource usage data is easier.Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 29
  • 30. New virtual hard disk format (VHDX)VHDX principal features • Storage capacity up to 64 terabytes (TBs) • Corruption protection during power failures • Optimal structure alignment for large- sector disksBenefits • Increases storage capacity • Protects data • Helps to ensure quality performance on large-sector disksWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 30
  • 31. Offloaded Data Transfer (ODX) support in Hyper-V ODX • Data transfer between intelligent storage arrays • Token based Benefits • Rapid virtual machine provisioning and migration • Faster transfers on large files • Latency minimization • Array throughput maximization • Less CPU and network usage • Performance not limited by network throughput or server usage • Improved data center capacity and scale • Automation Token-based copy operationWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 31
  • 32. Data Center Bridging (DCB) DCB converges different types of traffic How DCB works • Network • DCB acts as a network adapter feature. • Storage • This mechanism provides a hardware solution for managing network traffic. • Management • DCB classifies and dispatches network traffic. • Live migration • Windows instructs the adapter to classify Benefits traffic. • Traffic doesn’t have to originate from the • Helps you to ensure QoS networking stack. • Makes it easier to change allocations to different traffic flowWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 32
  • 33. Virtual Fibre Channel in Hyper-V Access Fibre Channel SAN data from a virtual machine • Unmediated access to a SAN • A hardware-based I/O path to virtual hard disk stack • N_Port ID Virtualization (NPIV) support • A single Hyper-V host connected to different SANs • Up to four Virtual Fibre Channel adapters on a virtual machine • Multipath I/O (MPIO) functionality • Live migration Live migration maintaining Fibre Channel connectivityWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 33
  • 34. Support for 4-KB disk sectors in Hyper-V virtual hard disksCapabilities• Improved performance of virtual hard disks on 512e disks• Hosting virtual hard disks on native 4-KB disksBenefits• Reduces the impact of 512e disks on the virtual Virtual hard disk 4-KB block (blue) not aligned hard disk stack with physical 4-KB boundary• Workloads complete more quicklyWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 34
  • 35. QoS minimum bandwidth Relative minimum bandwidth Strict minimum bandwidthFeatures • Establishes a bandwidth floor • Assigns specified bandwidth for each type of traffic • Helps to ensure fair sharing when there’s congestion • Can exceed quota when there’s no Bandwidth oversubscription congestionTwo mechanisms • Enhanced packet scheduler (software) • Network adapter with DCB support (hardware) Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 35
  • 36. QoS minimum bandwidthBenefits of QoS minimumbandwidth • Need fewer expensive network adapters • Make best use of 10-GbE hardwareBenefits for public cloud hostingproviders • Manage performance levels for SLAs • Deliver minimal impact or compromise in shared infrastructureBenefits for enterprises • Deliver predictable application performance • Encourage the use of virtualization Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 36
  • 37. High availability Hyper-V Incremental Hyper-V Replica NIC Teaming clustering backups enhancements Data centers and customers can increase resilience to failures.Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 37
  • 38. Incremental backupsFor virtual machines • Allows incremental backup of virtual hard disks • Is Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS)-aware • Backs up the Hyper-V environment • Requires no backup agent inside virtual machinesBenefits • Saves network bandwidth • Reduces backup sizes • Saves disk space • Lowers backup costWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 38
  • 39. Hyper-V ReplicaNew feature• Replicates Hyper-V virtual machines from a primary to a Replica siteBenefits• Affordable in-box business continuity and disaster recovery solution• Failure recovery in minutes• More secure replication across network• No need for storage arrays• No need for other software replication technologies• Automatic handling of live migration• Simpler configuration and management Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 39
  • 40. NIC TeamingWhat is NIC Teaming? Benefits• Multiple parallel network connections • Higher reliability against failure• Increase throughput • Better throughput• Provides redundancy in case of link failureNIC Teaming in a Hyper-V environment Management• Uses virtual network adapters • Windows PowerShell• Can connect to more than one virtual switch • NIC Teaming Server Manager configuration UI• Is designed to maintain connectivity if one switch disconnects• Can support up to 32 network adapters in a team Example: SR-IOV Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 40
  • 41. Hyper-V clustering enhancementsClustering benefits Protects against: Enables high-availability solutions for many • Application and service failure workloads • System and hardware failure • Site failure (natural disaster, power outages, or connectivity outages)Lets you increase availability and enable access to server-based applications duringplanned and unplanned downtime. Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 41
  • 42. Hyper-V clustering enhancementsNew featuresGuest clustering via Fibre Channel Clustered live migration enhancements• Connects to Fibre Channel directly from within • Uses higher network bandwidths (up to 10 GB) to virtual machines complete migrations faster• Virtualizes workloads that: – Use direct access to Fibre Channel storage – Cluster guest operating systems over Fibre Channel Cluster Shared Volume (CSV) 2.0 • Simplifies the configuration and operation of virtual machinesEncrypted cluster volumes • Provides greater security and performance• Uses BitLocker Drive Encryption to enable better physical security for deployments outside of • Integrates with storage arrays for out-of-the-box secure data centers replication and hardware snapshots Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 42
  • 43. Hyper-V clustering enhancementsNew featuresTransparent failover Hyper-V application monitoring• Moves file shares between nodes with little • Hyper-V and failover clustering work together to interruption to server applications, such as: bring higher availability to workloads that do not – Configuration files officially support clustering. – Virtual hard disk files – Snapshots in file shares over the SMB2 protocol • Monitors services and event logs inside the virtual machine. • Determines health of virtual machine’s key services. Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 43
  • 44. Hyper-V clustering enhancementsNew featuresVirtual machine failover prioritization Affinity (and anti-affinity) virtual machine• Lets you configure virtual machine priorities rules • Lets you configure partnered virtual machines to• Controls the order in which virtual machines fail migrate simultaneously during failover. over or start – Example: Configure your SharePoint virtual machine and partnered SQL Server virtual machine to always fail over together to theIn-box live migration queuing same node.• Lets you perform large multiselect actions to • You can specify that two virtual machines cannot queue live migrations of multiple virtual coexist on the same node in a failover scenario machines (anti-affinity rule). Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 44
  • 45. Hyper-V clustering enhancementsBenefits with Windows Server 2012 Beta• Extends clustered environment features to a new level• Supports greater access to storage• Provides faster failover and migration of nodes Windows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 45
  • 46. ConclusionWindows Server 2012 Beta Hyper-V is a more dynamicvirtualization platform. Flexible Scale, More secure infrastructure, wh performance, High availability multitenancy en and where you and density need itWindows Server 2012 Beta – Pre-release information only 46