Standardization: Codifying and disseminating state of the art technology and best practices to the market


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presentation at Biorefinery for Food, Fuel and Materials Conference, April 10, 2013, Wageningen

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  • 2005 CEN – all rights reserved 16/04/13
  • 2005 CEN – all rights reserved 16/04/13
  • 16-04-13
  • 16-04-13
  • 16-04-13
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  • different environments (fresh water, marine environment, anaerobic environment, soil and compost) 16-04-13
  • Standardization: Codifying and disseminating state of the art technology and best practices to the market

    1. 1. Standardization:Codifying and disseminating state of the arttechnology and best practices to the marketBiorefinery for Food, Fuel and Materials Harmen WillemseApril 10, 2013, Wageningen Consultant NEN - Netherlands Standardization InstituteDeveloping standards for Bio-based products 1
    2. 2. About NEN35.000 standard users1.400 committees40.000 standards€ 40 million turnover, 300 employees280 international secretariats CEN and ISOPrivate standardizationorganisation since 1916Founding member of CEN, CENELEC, ISO and IECDeveloping standards for Bio-based products
    3. 3. NEN Energy resources• Standards development in energy market: – Solid, liquid & gaseous (bio)fuels – Gas (CNG, LNG), Biogas, Biomethane – Sustainability – Oil, (petro)chemical & gas Technology – Pipeline and distrubution systems – Energy management, Asset management – Hydrogen & Fuel cell Technology – Biobased products – Smart cities, Smart grids, Electrical vehicles – Wind, Tidal and Solar power systemsDeveloping standards for Bio-based products
    4. 4. Standardization• A standard is a voluntary agreement amongst market parties• Starting points for standards development – All parties concerned – Agreements based on consensus – Open & transparent process• Purposes – Facilitating trade & interoperability – Self-regulation – Health, safety, environment – ImageDeveloping standards for Bio-based products
    5. 5. International standardizationStandardization takes placeat three levels: – National (NEN) – European (CEN) – International (ISO)Developing standards for Bio-based products
    6. 6. Standardizing the Bio-based EconomyDeveloping standards for Bio-based products 6
    7. 7. Characteristics Bio-based Economy• Science based, so highly knowledge intensive• Relatively high R&D intensity, so very innovative sector• Heterogeneous value chains: the variety in downstream industrial applications• Competition with the bioenergy sector for biomass resources• Most technologies in early stages of lifecycle• Need for new cooperation: chemical industry and agricultureDeveloping standards for Bio-based products 7
    8. 8. Three phases in the innovation diffusion process Ortt and Schoormans (2004)Developing standards for Bio-based products 8
    9. 9. Iterations of standard setting process. Standards: R&D-related standards for -Definition standards First Standardisation phase -Measurement and testing -Reference models Performance & interface standards Second Standardisation phase Application-specific standards Descriptive standards Third Standardisation phaseDevelopment-Related Standardisation (adapted from Blind, 2004, p.188)Developing standards for Bio-based products 9
    10. 10. Bio-based products: European Mandates forstandardization M/429 BTWG 209 BTWG 209 Bio-based Bio-based products* products* M/430 M/430 M/491 M/491 M/492 CEN/TC 19 CEN/TC 19 CEN/TC 276 CEN/TC 276 CEN/TC 411 CEN/TC 411 Gaseous and liquid CEN/TC 249 CEN/TC 249 Gaseous and liquid Surface Active Surface Active Bio-based Bio-based fuels, lubricants and Plastics Plastics fuels, lubricants and Agents Agents products products related products of related products of petroleum, synthetic petroleum, synthetic and biological origin and biological origin Developing standards for Bio-based products * Disbanded in August 2010
    11. 11. Mandates M/492 Mandate for the development of horizontal European standards and other standardization deliverables for bio-based products M/491 Mandate for the development of European standards and technical specifications and/or technical reports for bio-surfactants and bio-solvents in relation to bio-based product aspectsDeveloping standards for Bio-based products
    12. 12. Mandates on bio-based productsCEN/BT accepted Mandates M/491 and M/492 in May 2011and decided: • TC 276 “Surface active agents” to work on bio- surfactants • New TC 411 “Bio-based products” to work on horizontal standards and bio-solvents Developing standards for Bio-based products
    13. 13. CEN/TC 411 Bio-based productsDevelop standards for bio-based products coveringhorizontal aspects. This includes:•Terminology•Determination of bio-based carbon content•Determination of bio-based content•Specific sustainability criteria•Specific Life-Cycle Analysis Guidance•Bio-solvents aspects in relation to bio-basedproducts•Specific declaration and certification toolsDeveloping standards for Bio-based products 13
    14. 14. CEN/TC 411 Working Groups• WG 1 Terminology• WG 2 Bio-solvents• WG 3 Bio-based content• WG 4 Sustainability criteria, life cycle analysis and related issues• WG 5 Certification and declaration toolsDeveloping standards for Bio-based products 14
    15. 15. Support to standardization for bio-basedproducts • Knowledge Based Bio-based Products Pre- Standardization • Project duration: 3 years • Part of EU FP7-KBBE work program 15
    16. 16. Project objectives• Faster growth of the bio-based product industry• Increased share of bio-based in the total use of final (consumer) products and intermediates up to 2020 and beyond.• By facilitating the development and improvement of standards and their related certification systems. 16
    17. 17. Impact of standards on BBP• Reduce trade barriers• Promote development of a pan-European market• Improved quality and sustainability• Increased end-user satisfaction and economic viability• Transparency about sourcing, bio-content, (comparative) functionality• Increased public acceptance 17
    18. 18. Project PartnersParticipant CountryNetherlands Standardization Institute NLStichting Energy research Centre Netherlands NLGreen Chemistry Centre of Excellence at the UKUniversity of Yorknova-Institut DEOrganic Waste Systems BEStichting Dienst Landbouwkundig Onderzoek, NLInstitute Food & Bio-based ResearchAgricultural University of Athens GR
    19. 19. Work Packages• WP1 - Project Management (NEN)• WP2 – Stakeholder consultation and dissemination (nova Institute)• WP3 – Bio-based carbon content (ECN)• WP4 – Biomass content (Univ. York )• WP5 – Bottlenecks and impacts on functionality tests (nova Inst)• WP6 – Biodegradability (OWS) 19
    20. 20. Link with standardisation Research resultsStakeholder PublicWorkshops Balloting Research needs
    21. 21. Example: Determination of Bio-based carboncontent KBBPPS WP 3: Bio-based CEN/TC 411 WG 3: Biobased carbon content content •Development of sampling and test methodology for the determination of biogenic carbon in a wide variety • Standardization of a method of product types or streams determining the bio-based •Assessment of improving sampling carbon content of products methodology in line with those for • Standardization of a method overall biomass content determining the bio-based determination content of products, other than •Incorporation of the possibility to bio-based carbon content obtain a horizontal methodology •Reproducibility check of the test methodology 21
    22. 22. Sampling and biogenic carbon determinationKBBPPS CEN/TC 411Description of Existinghorizontal standardsmethods Capture in Technicalverification of Specificationthe methodapplicability Definition of scope of ENinterlaboratory standardrugednesstests forprecision Publication ofdetermination EN standard 22
    23. 23. Example 2: biodegradability of biosolvents KBBPPS WP 6: Biodegradability CEN/TC 411 WG 2: Biosolvents•Report on current relevantbiodegradation and ecotoxicity • Development of standards forstandards for bio-lubricants and solvents, covering productbiosolvents. functionality (performance),•Review of current biodegradation toxicity, ecotoxicity,test methods in different biodegradability, safetyenvironments • If necessary, product specific•Existing test procedures for and sustainability aspects notevaluating environmental safety. covered under another•Difficulties and gaps in the current CEN/TC 411 working group.test methods 23
    24. 24. Iterations of standard setting process. 24
    25. 25. Role of standards Ortt and Schoormans (2004) 25
    26. 26. Conclusions• Moving into the second phase of its first technology lifecycle• Only a fraction of the standards that will eventually govern the development of bio-based chemicals are already in place• Now is a crucial time for standardisation• Basic standards which affected the rest of the technology life cycle come into existence• Foundations for further development of bio-based products are established 26