Form 1 Term 1 Week 11.3

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Form 1 Term 1 Week 11.3

  1. 1. INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY Master Kwabena Greenberg Term 1~ Week 11 Specific Objective ~ 2.2.1
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>To List the different categories of software. </li></ul><ul><li>To know at-least three (3) different types of system software. </li></ul>
  3. 3. REVIEW How do we properly turn on a computer? What is Hardware and why do we need it?
  4. 4. HARDWARE <ul><li>Is the physical components that can be touched or seen in the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System Unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Input Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Output Devices </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Identify types of Software Packages
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>What are some examples of involuntary and voluntary biological actions. (Things we do without thinking and things we do because we choose too.) </li></ul>
  7. 7. SOFTWARE PACKAGES <ul><li>Having a computer is not all you need to perform work, after the Hardware you must also have Software Packages installed for the machine to be a meaningful tool. </li></ul><ul><li>It is called Software because, you cannot physically hold it </li></ul>
  8. 8. SOFTWARE PACKAGES TWO CATEGORIES <ul><li>Programs ~ The tools you need and use to work with your User Data. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>System Software/ Operating System (OS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applications/Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User Data </li></ul>
  9. 9. SYSTEM SOFTWARE ~ OPERATING SYSTEM
  10. 10. SYSTEM SOFTWARE INTRODUCTION <ul><li>System Software is like an involuntary action, such as breathing and sleeping. Without the system software the computer cannot function properly. </li></ul>
  11. 11. SYSTEM SOFTWARE <ul><li>System Software or Operating Systems (OS) The machine cannot function without an Operating System. </li></ul><ul><li>The OS manages and links the inputs and outputs so that all three building blocks can function as one. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the System Software's screen that is seen when a computer is turned on. It displays icons that you use operate the computer. </li></ul>
  12. 12. OLD ~ SYSTEM SOFTWARE <ul><li>The following is a partial list of old out of date Operating Systems (OS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OS2 Warp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft DOS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows 3.1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows 98 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apple Macintosh OS X 9 </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. CURRENT ~ SYSTEM SOFTWAE <ul><li>The following is a partial list of current Operating Systems in use today all around the world: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows XP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows Vista </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ubuntu 7.04 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apple Macintosh OS X 10.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fedora Core </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unix </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. APPLICATIONS ~ PROGRAMS
  15. 15. APPLICATION SOFTWARE INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Applications are like the voluntary action, such as eating and walking. </li></ul><ul><li>A computer does not require applications such as Open Office and Corel Draw for it to function properly. </li></ul>
  16. 16. APPLICATION SOFTWARE <ul><li>Applications (APS) or Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Those Software made by corporations, developers often for profit but not always. The tools you need and use to work with your User Data. </li></ul>
  17. 17. USER DATA
  18. 18. USER DATA <ul><li>These are the files or software we as users create when we work on the computer. </li></ul>
  19. 19. USER DATA ~ ENDLESS TYPES <ul><li>User Data ~ The work we do and save on a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Our music, letter, pictures, anything that we the user creates and save. </li></ul>
  20. 20. SOFTWARE, HARDWARE, AND LIVEWARE WORKING TOGETHER
  21. 21. HARDWARE / SOFTWARE / LIVEWARE <ul><li>The machine cannot function without an Operating System. </li></ul><ul><li>The OS manages and links the inputs and outputs so that all three building blocks can function as one. </li></ul>
  22. 22. HARDWARE / SOFTWARE / LIVEWARE <ul><li>The person sitting behind the computer and issuing the instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>Often called the operator or user. </li></ul>
  23. 23. THE FLOW OF INFORMATION HARDWARE LIVEWARE SOFTWARE
  24. 25. DIFFERENT OPERATING SYSTEMS
  25. 26. UNIX & LINUX <ul><li>UNIX is an OS system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Developed over time by numerous commercial vendors and non-profit organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Linux is a Unix-like computer operating system. </li></ul><ul><li>Linux is a key example of free software and open source software; its can be freely modified, used, and redistributed by anyone. </li></ul>
  26. 28. APPLE MACINTOSH OS X <ul><li>Mac OS X is a graphical operating systems that relies on UNIX and is sold by Apple Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Was the first company to produce a graphical operating system for home users. </li></ul><ul><li>Know for their ease of use and stability. </li></ul><ul><li>Is the manufacture of the popular iPods. </li></ul><ul><li>Apple has consistently released newer versions of their products: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mac OS X, v10.5 in October 26, 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mac OS X v10.4 in April 2005. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 30. MICROSOFT WINDOWS XP <ul><li>Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows XP is the successor to both Windows 2000 and Windows Me. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows XP was first released on October 25, 2001, and over 400 million copies were in use in January 2006. </li></ul>
  28. 32. THE THINGS WE SEE WHEN USING WINDOWS XP
  29. 33. THE DESKTOP CONTAINS <ul><ul><li>Task Bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Start Menu / Clock </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My Computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling Bin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop Background </li></ul></ul>
  30. 35. THE DESKTOP . . . <ul><li>It is the System Software's screen that is seen when a computer is turned on. </li></ul><ul><li>It displays icons that you use operate the computer. </li></ul>
  31. 36. THE DESKTOP . . . <ul><li>Like the top of your physical (hard) desk, the Operating System's Desktop serves as an electronic (soft) surface for you to work. </li></ul>
  32. 37. THE DESKTOP . . . <ul><li>As we perform tasks on the computer they appear </li></ul><ul><li>on the </li></ul><ul><li>desktop. </li></ul>
  33. 38. GROUP WORK <ul><li>List three (3) different Operating System Choices. </li></ul><ul><li>List four (4) ways on how a computers operating system is different from its' application software. </li></ul>
  34. 39. CONCLUSION DO YOU UNDERSTAND <ul><li>The importance of the computer's system software. </li></ul><ul><li>That you have choices between many different software developers. </li></ul><ul><li>The modern Graphical OS relies heavily on the Liveware's (YOUR) ability to use a mouse accurately. </li></ul>

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