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Form 1 Term 1 Week 11.3

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  • 1. INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY Master Kwabena Greenberg Term 1~ Week 11 Specific Objective ~ 2.2.1
  • 2. OBJECTIVES
    • To List the different categories of software.
    • To know at-least three (3) different types of system software.
  • 3. REVIEW How do we properly turn on a computer? What is Hardware and why do we need it?
  • 4. HARDWARE
    • Is the physical components that can be touched or seen in the computer.
    • Examples:
      • Monitor
      • Keyboard
      • Mouse
      • System Unit
      • Input Devices
      • Output Devices
  • 5. Identify types of Software Packages
  • 6. INTRODUCTION
    • What are some examples of involuntary and voluntary biological actions. (Things we do without thinking and things we do because we choose too.)
  • 7. SOFTWARE PACKAGES
    • Having a computer is not all you need to perform work, after the Hardware you must also have Software Packages installed for the machine to be a meaningful tool.
    • It is called Software because, you cannot physically hold it
  • 8. SOFTWARE PACKAGES TWO CATEGORIES
    • Programs ~ The tools you need and use to work with your User Data.
      • System Software/ Operating System (OS)
      • Applications/Programs
    • User Data
  • 9. SYSTEM SOFTWARE ~ OPERATING SYSTEM
  • 10. SYSTEM SOFTWARE INTRODUCTION
    • System Software is like an involuntary action, such as breathing and sleeping. Without the system software the computer cannot function properly.
  • 11. SYSTEM SOFTWARE
    • System Software or Operating Systems (OS) The machine cannot function without an Operating System.
    • The OS manages and links the inputs and outputs so that all three building blocks can function as one.
    • It is the System Software's screen that is seen when a computer is turned on. It displays icons that you use operate the computer.
  • 12. OLD ~ SYSTEM SOFTWARE
    • The following is a partial list of old out of date Operating Systems (OS)
      • OS2 Warp
      • Microsoft DOS
      • Microsoft Windows 3.1
      • Microsoft Windows 98
      • Microsoft Windows 2000
      • Apple Macintosh OS X 9
  • 13. CURRENT ~ SYSTEM SOFTWAE
    • The following is a partial list of current Operating Systems in use today all around the world:
      • Microsoft Windows XP
      • Microsoft Windows Vista
      • Ubuntu 7.04
      • Apple Macintosh OS X 10.5
      • Fedora Core
      • Unix
  • 14. APPLICATIONS ~ PROGRAMS
  • 15. APPLICATION SOFTWARE INTRODUCTION
    • Applications are like the voluntary action, such as eating and walking.
    • A computer does not require applications such as Open Office and Corel Draw for it to function properly.
  • 16. APPLICATION SOFTWARE
    • Applications (APS) or Programs
    • Those Software made by corporations, developers often for profit but not always. The tools you need and use to work with your User Data.
  • 17. USER DATA
  • 18. USER DATA
    • These are the files or software we as users create when we work on the computer.
  • 19. USER DATA ~ ENDLESS TYPES
    • User Data ~ The work we do and save on a computer.
    • Our music, letter, pictures, anything that we the user creates and save.
  • 20. SOFTWARE, HARDWARE, AND LIVEWARE WORKING TOGETHER
  • 21. HARDWARE / SOFTWARE / LIVEWARE
    • The machine cannot function without an Operating System.
    • The OS manages and links the inputs and outputs so that all three building blocks can function as one.
  • 22. HARDWARE / SOFTWARE / LIVEWARE
    • The person sitting behind the computer and issuing the instructions.
    • Often called the operator or user.
  • 23. THE FLOW OF INFORMATION HARDWARE LIVEWARE SOFTWARE
  • 24.  
  • 25. DIFFERENT OPERATING SYSTEMS
  • 26. UNIX & LINUX
    • UNIX is an OS system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs in the United States.
    • Developed over time by numerous commercial vendors and non-profit organizations.
    • Linux is a Unix-like computer operating system.
    • Linux is a key example of free software and open source software; its can be freely modified, used, and redistributed by anyone.
  • 27.  
  • 28. APPLE MACINTOSH OS X
    • Mac OS X is a graphical operating systems that relies on UNIX and is sold by Apple Inc.
    • Was the first company to produce a graphical operating system for home users.
    • Know for their ease of use and stability.
    • Is the manufacture of the popular iPods.
    • Apple has consistently released newer versions of their products:
      • Mac OS X, v10.5 in October 26, 2007
      • Mac OS X v10.4 in April 2005.
  • 29.  
  • 30. MICROSOFT WINDOWS XP
    • Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers.
    • Windows XP is the successor to both Windows 2000 and Windows Me.
    • Windows XP was first released on October 25, 2001, and over 400 million copies were in use in January 2006.
  • 31.  
  • 32. THE THINGS WE SEE WHEN USING WINDOWS XP
  • 33. THE DESKTOP CONTAINS
      • Task Bar
            • Start Menu / Clock
      • My Computer
      • My Documents
      • Recycling Bin
      • Desktop Background
  • 34.  
  • 35. THE DESKTOP . . .
    • It is the System Software's screen that is seen when a computer is turned on.
    • It displays icons that you use operate the computer.
  • 36. THE DESKTOP . . .
    • Like the top of your physical (hard) desk, the Operating System's Desktop serves as an electronic (soft) surface for you to work.
  • 37. THE DESKTOP . . .
    • As we perform tasks on the computer they appear
    • on the
    • desktop.
  • 38. GROUP WORK
    • List three (3) different Operating System Choices.
    • List four (4) ways on how a computers operating system is different from its' application software.
  • 39. CONCLUSION DO YOU UNDERSTAND
    • The importance of the computer's system software.
    • That you have choices between many different software developers.
    • The modern Graphical OS relies heavily on the Liveware's (YOUR) ability to use a mouse accurately.