The eruption begins when the magma in the
magma chamber starts bubbling. Then there is a
enormous bang. After than gas, rocks, ash and
lava start coming out.
Then the biggest killer comes- the
pyroclastic cloud a masive cloud of
ash that makes the most damage.
Mount Etna is one of the 10 most active volcanoes. It is on the
island of Sicily which belongs to Italy. The ancient Greeks
believed it to be the home of Vulcan the god of fire. Mount Etna
erupts very often.There is a eruption nearly every 2 years.
The main eruption started on
12th July 2001.
Mount Etna is located 37.7N,
15.0E on the north east coats of
the Island of Sicily, Italy. It is
10,791 feet (3,290 m).
1. I took polystyrene blocks and glued them together.
2. I cut out a shape of the volcano and made a quarter cut in
for the labels.
3. I painted the volcano and made labels out of small wooden
sticks and paper.
4. I let the paint dry and then I put the labels on.
Do you actually know how a volcano works??? Well
if you don’t than you will find out right now!!!
When a volcano is going to erupt there will be an
earthquake. Rocks will start moving and lava will
start coming up and then suddenly…
• Most active volcano in the Philippines
•Since 1616 there were more than 47 eruptions
•Between 1616 and 2000 more than 1300
•Most resent eruptions were in 1947, 1984
•They ruin peoples homes
•People don’t know when they are
going to erupt
• Minerals in volcano rocks
• After thousands of year changes in
The pressure makes ash and lava spew ,the
forces will start to be equal (equilibrium) and
then irrupts. Depending on the volcano's site,
lava flows and mudslides can travel many
miles downhill, swamping valleys.
But the most far-reaching effect is the ash
cloud. Locally this dumps ash onto the
ground but in a major eruption the ash can
affect the whole Earth by causing a drop in
temperature as it deflects the Sun's rays.
Making The Shell of your Volcano with Poster Board
1 . The first way you can make a shell is to use posterboard. You simply wrap a sheet of posterboard around a bottle so it forms a cone. And you
attach it to a firm base of corrugated cardboard or wood. This is the easies way to make a volcano and you have to make sure you paint it so it stays
strong. When the chemicals erupt the liquid can make the posterboard soggy!
I recommend you stuff the inside of the cone full of newspapers. This will help keep it strong. The picture shows a cone wrapped around a bottle. You
snip the top of the cone off so the mouth of the bottle is exposed.
Making the Shell with Plaster or Paper Mache
This makes a strong volcano but takes more work
you tape together a structure of cardboard strips that form the volcano cone shape. You can staple, tape or glue these strips together ( make it so the
bottle is in the center of the cone! Then you apply strips of paper towels that have been soaked in paper mache or plaster. This makes a nice strong shell
and it is a very good looking volcano.
Be sure to paint it when it dries. This will seal it from getting soggy when the volcano erupts.
Volcano that erupted on
This is a volcano that erupted in this
Before eruption But at 10:40 volcano
every thing seemed erupted
to be right
How can you tell if a volcanic eruption might
Volcanoes that are approaching an eruption will
usually have unusual earthquakes and emit very
different gases. Some of the volcanoes even
change shape like the bulge of Mount St Helens
that moved toward Seattle at about four meters
per day. Forecasting volcanoes is still very hard
because we don't usually have the right
measurements before it happens.. Forecasting an
eruption is the main reason for our research and it
is really very difficult. What we need, as scientists,
is more eruptions! We need more chances to test
our ideas or hypotheses.
To make a model volcano is easy and i will tell
you how I made mine. First you get a piece of
thick card and get a bottle and put it in the
middle of the card and draw a circle around it.
Once you have done that you cut out a cone
shape and cover it with paper masche. Once
the paper masche has dried you can paint it
and cover it in sand. After you have completed
that you get a big piece of card board and
paint it blue and that will be your volcanoes
WHAT YOU NEED:
-A bottle of 500ml filled with
- tea spoon
-Baking soda 200grams
your volcano all ready and
painted for the eruption. My volcano erupts , you put the
vinegar in the plastic bottle which
is inside my volcano, fill it to ¾ of
the bottle then add two tea spoons
of baking soda!
It starts to bubble and fizz and
then the liquid comes up and out of
Now just hope that the paint
doesn’t come of when the volcano
How I made it:
What you need:
1. cut a piece of chicken wire
• chicken wire (25cm by 25cm)
• a piece of wood 2. Make the shape of the volcano
(30cm by 30cm) and then hammer it in with
• 9 kilo’s of clay bolts.
• green paint 3. When you are finished stuff the
•Red paint area that you made with the
•Black paint chicken wire full of clay.
•White paint 4. Put a thin layer of clay over the
•Paint brushes top of the chicken wire.
• vinegar 5. Let it stand for a day or two.
•Baking soda 6. Then you can start painting it.
7. When you finished painting it
let dry for at least 12 hours.
8. Now let your volcano erupt.
9. Lets hope it works and that the
paint doesn’t get wet.
This is typical
volcano . On
earth are still
lots of more.
First I cuted 4 peaces of polystyrene
and glued together then I take clay
and put on it. After I take colours
and colour it .