Free and Open Source Software Harit Kothari http://harit.kotharee.com/ @harit
<ul><li>Free : free as in beer
Open Source : free as in freedom
License : free for anyone to use
Richard Stallman – father of FSF </li></ul>
<ul>Restaurant </ul><ul><li>Restaurant and secrete recipe </li><ul><li>Without, you can't prepare same food at home </li><...
Printer and driver </li></ul>
… if you can cook, then why to go to restaurant <ul><li>Your own combination and customisation
No dependency on chef and servant; and the restaurant
Take help of your neighbor to make better recipe
Good that you don't need to sign agreements </li></ul>
Freedom <ul><li>It has meaning with freedom of every sort
Almost cost free, community driven
No dependency for service and support </li></ul>
Simple four points <ul><li>The freedom to run the program, for any purpose
The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish
The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor
The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others </li></ul>
Who is using FOSS and how? <ul><li>Me, you and all users of computers!
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Free & Open Source - an introduction

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A very simple introduction for FOSS

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Free & Open Source - an introduction

  1. 1. Free and Open Source Software Harit Kothari http://harit.kotharee.com/ @harit
  2. 2. <ul><li>Free : free as in beer
  3. 3. Open Source : free as in freedom
  4. 4. License : free for anyone to use
  5. 5. Richard Stallman – father of FSF </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul>Restaurant </ul><ul><li>Restaurant and secrete recipe </li><ul><li>Without, you can't prepare same food at home </li></ul><li>The recipe is source code, and restaurant is just API
  7. 7. Printer and driver </li></ul>
  8. 8. … if you can cook, then why to go to restaurant <ul><li>Your own combination and customisation
  9. 9. No dependency on chef and servant; and the restaurant
  10. 10. Take help of your neighbor to make better recipe
  11. 11. Good that you don't need to sign agreements </li></ul>
  12. 12. Freedom <ul><li>It has meaning with freedom of every sort
  13. 13. Almost cost free, community driven
  14. 14. No dependency for service and support </li></ul>
  15. 15. Simple four points <ul><li>The freedom to run the program, for any purpose
  16. 16. The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish
  17. 17. The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor
  18. 18. The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others </li></ul>
  19. 19. Who is using FOSS and how? <ul><li>Me, you and all users of computers!
  20. 20. We at livestream... </li><ul><li>Flex SDK, RoR, jQuery, Eclipse (IDE), Java flavors, Apache HTTP Server, Firefox, Thunderbird </li></ul><li>Most of web servers – Internet
  21. 21. Most startup companies
  22. 22. All giants including google, yahoo, IBM, M$, cisco </li></ul>
  23. 23. FOSS Communities <ul><li>Ubuntu (supported by Canonical + community) and almost every linux development
  24. 24. Many independent projects at sourceforge.net
  25. 25. Mozilla projects (supported by Mozilla Corp + community)
  26. 26. Apache frameworks and server flavors (supported by Apache Software Foundation + community)
  27. 27. Eclipse, NetBeans, Java, Perl, Python and so many... </li></ul>
  28. 28. Fit to the categories <ul><li>TrueCrypt
  29. 29. Open Office
  30. 30. 7 Zip
  31. 31. Notepad++
  32. 32. PDF Creator
  33. 33. Win Merge
  34. 34. Audacity
  35. 35. Pidgin </li></ul><ul><li>Android platform
  36. 36. VirtualBox
  37. 37. MySQL, Apache Derby
  38. 38. Most programming languages </li></ul>
  39. 39. Operating Systems <ul><li>FOS </li><ul><li>X-buntu (ubuntu, kubuntu, edubuntu), Mandriva, OpenSolaris, Fedora, Slackware, OpenSUSE </li></ul><li>Non FOS </li><ul><li>Suse Enterprise, Solaris, Red Hat Enterprise, Windows, Mac (leopard, tiger – all animals of zoo) </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. … but not open source <ul><li>Google Documents, Dropbox
  41. 41. MalwareBytes and MS Security Essentials
  42. 42. Most IMs – Skype, Google Talk, Yahoo M, Digsby </li></ul>
  43. 43. Enough... let's go precise
  44. 44. + and - <ul><li>Possibility of long term development (Firefox)
  45. 45. Save money – no license </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of community strength
  46. 46. No guarantee about support or development </li></ul>
  47. 47. Why no FOSS ? <ul><li>Sometimes marketing and advertisements
  48. 48. Preinstalled
  49. 49. Its OK, I am good with pirated copy
  50. 50. Some community or project is just slow or dead
  51. 51. No community initiative for specific domain
  52. 52. Errr... Linux? which OS? </li></ul>
  53. 53. Then how to earn ? <ul><li>Charge for service and support and not product </li><ul><li>Cynapse (cyn.in), zmanda
  54. 54. Cost of fruits / veggies and delivery </li></ul><li>FOSS projects as raw material to make other products – license policy matters
  55. 55. Pay for customisation (CRM & ERP products) </li></ul>
  56. 56. Creative Commons <ul><li>Share, Remix, Reuse media (i.e. images, videos, animations, audio etc.)— Legally
  57. 57. An Open Source flavor for media </li></ul>
  58. 58. Free Documentaries under CC <ul><li>Patent Absurdity
  59. 59. The Story of Stuff </li></ul>
  60. 60. Free Q & A <ul><li>Limited CC - Q & A </li><ul><li>Software Development - stackoverflow.com
  61. 61. System Administrator - serverfault.com
  62. 62. Designer - doctype.com
  63. 63. General Computer User - superuser.com </li></ul></ul>
  64. 64. Interested more, explore... <ul><li>Wikipedia – oh its also free but not open source
  65. 65. http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/categories.html
  66. 66. http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html
  67. 67. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_software_community
  68. 68. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_open-source_software_packages
  69. 69. Thank you! </li></ul>
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