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Ml B Aqeedathutauheed

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  • 1. ‫ا‬ ‫ا ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ة وا‬ ‫،ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ AJoZx AÂþXuloZv ""CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw'' ssiJv/tUm. kzmenlv C_vp ^ukm³ (kuZn Atd_ybpsS D¶X]WvUnXk`mwKw) : : hnhÀ¯w: k¿nZv kAv^À cIlpjDv (aZon) ]cntim[: A_q A_vZpÃmlv kIoÀ lpssk³
  • 2. hnhÀ¯I Ipdn¸v fO|Jpjsh ijCIlc; Cgjulsu(jH alYfsa QglX L#l|kijsRy akÙjH ãakc[hj;ä :uj egjznj)s/mkduk=kà LfkSelshfs', akc[hjalsn'[ ilpj)k' eh en[}jfØlgk;, clPlgn wr*xk; Lw[Bf dlgn; Ligksm fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcs rj<[Ehal)j)xuk' il)kdxk;, dG+*xk; svu[fk dkE[yjhk; édlEjGê, CjG)jhk; éakC[gj)[ê, yj`Èujhk; éakGp[ê, Ejc[Djhk; éElcjD[ê, wl|jhj$jhk; éwl|jHê fkm*juiujH iJqk'f[ coÊjS)!fk![àà Lg; zOgiSayju ij<u*xln[ TO Yzr[FjH vG&sv$k'f[à ahulx; iluj)k'iG)[ Tc[hlajsRy Cgjulu ijCIlc; Tg; Yzr[F*xjhosm arÍjhl)kilrk;, ejReËkilrk;, Lf[ iJMkdlG)k; - selfkwr*X)k; YeS~lPr; sv$kilrk; clPj)sMsu'[ YelGÒj)kduln[. é:aJRê. YeeÖ c{<[mli[ éL#l|kê Shldwrf)[ f{e[fjs/Mk rHdju afaln[ Tc[hl;. TO Shld[ sspilH rjukd[fgluî TY~l|J;, pliop[, aoc, TOcl éLY~|l;, pliJp[, SalsC, wJcc[ê é ê fkm*j akqkiR YeilvdØlgk; YeS~lPr; svu[f fO|JpjsRy fI; :n[ Tc[hlafjsRy :dG<dSCl>, Lfln[ TO ekc[fdjsh vG&lij<u;. :sgfjGlhk; cdh af*sxuk; - fIClc[Yf*sxuk; Lfjwuj&[ LiclrrlXisg alËjgkhj#lsf sspilH éL#l|kijrlHê c;gÊj)s/mksa'k;, Lf[ Cgjulu goejH ejReËk' Qgk dÊjuk; LiclrrlXisg Tijsm K!ldksa'k; YeilvdRé ê Ky/kf' QSgsulgk sspijd cSÕCalnjf[. QglX cfUijCIlcjuluj fJgnsa(jH ijCkÓ DkG:rk;, r~jvgUuk; eAj/j)k' TO afjsRy ijCIlc dlgU*xjH LyjikSrmj - p{@aluj - ulsflgk c;Cuikaj#lsf ijCIcjS)!fk![. ijCIlc; Cgjuldligksm cHdG+*X L#l|kijH cIJdlgUaldj# t'fksdl!kfs' dG+*X eAj)k'fjr[ akÙ[ ijCIlcdlgU*X Cgjuluj eAjS)!fk![à :glPruksm Tr*X akqkirk; YeeÖc{<[mlik; c;gÊdrkalu L#l|kijr[ alYf; LG/j&[ - L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)H, L#l|kijsRy ak'jH alYf; dJq[in*H, L#l|kijH alYf; YefJÊj)H, L#l|kijsr alYf; ]Ëik; domkfH c[Sr|j)H, L#l|kijH alYf; ]Ëik; domkfH ijCIcj&[ fi)kH sv$H - >gSaH/j)H, L#l|kijsr >u'[ fjØujHrj'[ alyj rjH)hk; - rØ YeiGj)hk;… fkm*ju CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 2 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 3. fO|Jpjsh rjua*xrkcgj&[ calPlregaluj wJij)kilrk;, L*sr egShld SalÊ; Srmkilrk; :Yz|j)k'iG rjG^r[Paluk; LyjÉjgjS)! fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcdlgU*sx c;~r[Pj&[ vG&sv$k' Qgk Yzr[Faln[ rj*xksm ssddxjH K=f[. Yezf[> en[}jfrk;, tqkkdlgrk;, cKOpj LSy~Uujsh Ef[i)kSi!j rjukd[fglu K'f en[}jf c>ujsh L;zikaluî cIlhj|[~[rk EOclR T~[rk L~[pk L#l|[ LH EOclR gvj&fln[ TO Yzr[F;. fO|Jpk; LfjsRy Tr*xk;, CjG)k; LfjsRy Tr*xk;, fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcs rj<[Ehal)k' il)kdxk; - YeiGr*xk;, dlEjG, akG`[, ElcjD[, xhlh[, wl|jhju[ fkm*juiuksm ijign;, Yeilvdrjhk; - LrkvgRalgjhkak= ijCIlc;, Tc[hlajd ijCIlc eAr;… fkm*ju QSMsy ij<u*X TfjH vG& sv$k'k![. DkG:rjH rj'k;, |pJckdxjH rj'k;, domlsf Tal; T~[rkssfaj$È, Tal; T~[rk LH-D$J;, Tal; T~[rk dcJG, ssCD[ ak|+p[ T~[rk L~[pk LH-i|[|l~[ ( ‫ا‬ ‫ …)ر‬fkm*juigksm Yzr[Fjhosm Kp[Pgj)s/M sfxjikdxln[ Yzr[FdGli[ TfjH SYdl@Jdgj&jgj)k'f[. domlsf :Pkrjd L|[hkÍk' iH- walLÈujsh vjh en[}jfØlgksm ijw[BlrYepalu KÓgnjdxk;, ijign; :iCUak= c[Fh[ vjh ijign*xk; - |pJckdxk; éijiGdRê Lmj)kyj/luj SvG)kduk; svu[fjMk![. ijiGr; dqjijsRy egaliPj dkËaËfl)kilR egjYCaj&jMk![. t(jhk; Plglx; ejqikdxk;, rUorfdxk; iJÊjS&)l;, Li cS|lpg~kÓUl vo!jdlnj)nsa'[ LSeÊj)kduln[. ijiGr; sv$kilrluj SYelHcl|r; rHdju tsRy alrUck|{jrk;, ijiGrjr[ SC<; egjSClPr rmju tsRy :f[alGÒ ck|{jrk;, Tf[ YeclPr; sv$k' YeclPdG)k; L#l|k YefjEh; rHdkalylisM. Ly~j>l<uk;, Tc[hlajd ijw[Blrik; eAj)kilrluj trj)[ SYelHcl|r; rHdju tsRy ejflijr[ L#l|k egShld SalÊ; rHdkalylisM, LS`|suk; rS+uk; L#l|k LisRy w'lkH EjGpOcjH Qgkaj&[ doMkalylisM. L~o L~[pkH-y|[alR c$jp[ cL[EG cIlpjD[ apJrj CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 3 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 4. ... Tc[hlajsh ]dsspi cjÓlÔ; éfO|Jp[êsr c;~r[Pj &k=fln[ TO Yzr[F;. ixsg txk/jH arÍjhldk' goe jhln[ TO d{fj gvj&jMk=f[. K'fglu en[}jfØlgksm iUfUc[F Yzr[F*xjH rj'[ fI*X SYdl}Jdgj&ln[ Tf[ f$lyl)jujMk=f[, LiujH YePlraluiî ssCDkH Tc[hl; T~[rk fJaj$Èuksm Yzr[F*X, T~[rkH D$jajsRy Yzr[F* X, LrkYz|Jf YeS~lPdglu ssCDkH Tc[hl; ak|+pk~[rk L~[pk LH-i|[|l~jsRyuk; LS`|jsRy ijpUlGÒjdxksm uk; Yzr[F*X fkm*jui :dk'k. eAj)kduk;, eAj/j)s/mk duk;, YeiGj)kduk; svS$!flu Lmjc[Flr ijw[Blral n[ fO|Jpjsh ijCIlc ijw[Blr; t'fjH ulsflgk c;Cu ikaj#. dlgn; r+ksm fO|Jpjsh ijCIlc; CkÓaldk'fjhosm alYfsa L#l|k r+ksm cH)G+*X cIJdgj)kduk=o. Lfksdl![ TO fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcs c;~r[Pj&[ d{fUaluj rl; arÍjhl)n;, YeSfUdj&[ TO dlh[, dlgn; éakc[hj; rlaPlgjdxjHê T'[ sspirjS<P; édkE[Gê, coEjc;, crUlc;, D~ylglPr, ijYz|lglPr, Yeilvd ck'jsrfjsguk= ~jp[TO éekrlvlgê ijCIlc; fkm*j Qgkelm[ ejq& ilp*xk;, ijCIlc*xk; rlX)krlX iGÓj&kigjduln[. TO ilp* sx#l; fs' ixsguPjd; Ledm; rjyÉfln[, Lfksdl![ ijCIlcjdX chEkÍIlhj|J*X ijCkÓ DkG:rjsRyuk;, ck'jsRyuk; Lmjc[FlrjH rak)[ eAj/j&kf' dx(g |jfalu ijCIlcsa' :ukP;sdl![ Tisu t#l; SrgjSm !fk![à LfjrkSi!j akc[hJ*X Lmjc[Flr Yealn *xjH rj'[ Cgjulu ijCIlc; Srmkduk;, Lfjr[ YeFa YelPlrU; rHdkduk; svS$!fk![. Yeilvdgjhk;, dkmk;~*xjhk;, Lrkulujdxjhk; L#l|k ijsRy ClÔjuk; calPlrik; iG<j)kalylisMà ssiJv/tUm. kzmenlv C_vp ^ukm³ (kuZn Atd_ybpsS D¶X ]WvUnXk`mwKw) CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 4 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 5. XmfpIfn A²ymbw: 1 akc[hjaldkilrk= ijCIlc eAr; >lz; fhs)M[ Sew[ >lz; 1 Tc[hlajd ijCIlcik;, LfjsRy LfUliCUik;… 11 >lz; 2 Tc[hlajd ijCIlcjsRy Kyijmik;… 17 >lz; 3 Tc[hlajd ijCIlcjHrj'k= 20 iUfjulrik;… A²ymbw: 2 fO|JpjsRy :Cuik;, Tr*xk; Q'[î fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È >lz; fhs)M[ Sew[ >lz; 1 LH-fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È… 34 >lz; 2 DkG:rjhk;, |pJcjhk; y^[ t'fjsRy 40 LGÒ;… >lz; 3 YeeÖ; akqkirk; L#l|kijsr 52 Lrkcgj)k'k… >lz; 4 c{<[mlijsruk; LisRy ]dfIsuk; eAj/j)kilR DkG:rjsRy alGzSgD… 57 >lz; 5 fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$Èuk;, fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$Èuk; egc[eg; 63 SvG'jgj)k'k g![î fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È >lz; fhs)M[ Sew[ >lz; 1 fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$Èuksm LGÒik;, YeilvdRalgksm YeS~lPrik;… 71 >lz; 2 C|lp[ dhjauksm LGÒik; Lf[ pkG^hs/mk' dlgU*xk;… 77 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 5 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 6. >lz; 3 afrjuajH LrkiprJual)hk;, rj<jÓal)hk; L#l|kijsRy alYf; 99 LPjdlg; >lz; 4 T~lpjsRy LGÒik;, Tr*xk;… 104 >lz; 5 L#l|kijrk= :glPrsu rjGÑuj- )k'fjhk= sfËlu PlgndX 114 >lz; 6 :glPruksm Lmjc[Flr c[f;>*X… 117 ao'[î fO|Jp[ LH-Lc[alT i-LH-ÍjEl[ éL#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*xjhk= fO|Jp[ - ]dfI;ê >lz; fhs)M[ Sew[ >lz; 1 DkG:R, |pJc[ t'jiujH rj'k; L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*sx 123 dkyj)k' sfxjikdX >lz; 2 L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*xjH L|[hkÍk'ÈiHwalLÈuksm aR|w[w[ 131 éijCIlc;ê >lz; 3 L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*sx rjS<Pj)k'iG)k= aykemj 133 A²ymbw: 3 ~j;~-wlylglPr éCjG)[êsRy ijignik;, Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl fI; h;Zj)k'fjH c;>ij)k' CjG)[, LijCIlc;, rjgJCIgilp;, dlemU;… fkm*juiuk; >lz; fhs)M[ Sew[ >lz; 1 Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl éfO|Jp[-shê ijCIlcjH c;>ij& iUfjulrjsRy 144 :g;>; >lz; 2 CjG)[ é~j;~lglPr, wlylglPrê 150 >lz; 3 dkE[G 165 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 6 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 7. >lz; 4 rjElD[ 172 >lz; 5 wl|jhj$È, Ejc[D[, xhlH, yj`È 181 A. wl|jhj$È - wl|jhj$[ éL#l|k- ijsr dkyj&k;, YeilvdRalsg dkyj&k;, Tc[hlajdrjua*sx 181 dkyj&kak= Lw[Bfê. B. Ejc[D[ ðL#l|kijsRyuk;, YeilvdR uksmuk; éijCkÓ DkG:rjshuk; |pJcjshuk;ê 184 ijPjijh)kdX h;Zj)H - Pj)gj)Hòî C. xhlH éCgjulu afrjua*sx'[ dgkfj sfËjH fkmgk' pkGalGz;ê 186 D. yj`È éafegjfUlz;, Tc[hl; 188 pkG^hs/mHê. A²ymbw: 4 LDJpÈ LH-fO|Jp[ - Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrujsh ijCIlc; EhCorUal)kduk;, dlEjyldkduk; sv$k' il)kdxk; dG+*xk; >lz; fhs)M[ Sew[ >lz; 1 ejÉln; - ssdSgD Srl)H… akc[hJ*xjsh ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; 196 rj<[Ehal)k'k >lz; 2 cj|[G éalgn;ê, d|lrÈ éSwUlfj<;ê, TylEÈ é>lijYeivr;ê… akc[hJ*xjsh ]dsspilglPrlijCIlc; 200 rj<[Ehal)k'k >lz; 3 wly*X, ér~jalG, QOhjul)X fkm*juiGê)[ :glPruksm ]sf(jhk; 211 Qgjr; LG/j)H :glPrujsh CjG)[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 7 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 8. >lz; 4 YefjadX, éwJijdxksm vjYf*Xê… c[Flej)k' akc[hJ*xjsh ]dsspil 223 glPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Eh; >lz; 5 Tc[hl;afs egj|cj)hk;, LfjsRy a|fIs Lrlpgj)hk;… 229 >lz; 6 L#l|kijsRy rjua; sdl!#lsf ijPj rm/jhl)k'igksm Tc[hlajd ijCIlc; 234 rj<[Eh; >lz; 7 |hlH, |yl; K!l)kilrk= LPjdlg; éL#l|ki#liG)[ rHdk'f[ 250 LijCIlc;ê… >lz; 8 rjgJCIgilp Yec[Flr*xjhk;, wl|jhj$lÈ c;Zmrdxjhk;… e(kSvgH éLijCIlc;ê 257 >lz; 9 >Ofjd ckDS>lz; alYf; hÊU;si)H éTc[hlajd ijCIlcs rj<[Ehal)k'kàê 265 >lz; Kyk)[, st)#[, ]hc[, éCjG)k=ê 10 aYÔ;… é]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; 277 rj<[Ehal)k'kê >lz; L#l|ki#lisgs)l![ cfU; sv$H, 11 L#l|ki#liSglmk= fiÍkH 289 éLijCIlc;ê A²ymbw: 5 r~j Sulmk;, Ligksm dkmk;~jSrlmk;, cI|l~jSrlmkak= ~lPUfdX >lz; fhs)M[ Sew[ >lz; 1 L#l|ksi ]Ëik; domkfH c[Sr|j )hk;, L#l|kijrkSi!j r~j su 306 c[Sr|j)hk;… >lz; 2 YeilvdR su LrkcgjS)!fk;, ejReSË!fk; Qqj&kdomlReËl 321 ~lPUf CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 8 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 9. >lz; 3 r~j )kSi!j cIhlk;, chlak; svlgjukilR YelGÒj)H Qqj&kdkmlR 326 eËl Qgk ~lPUf >lz; 4 L|[hkss~jsRy ér~j-dkmk;~ jsRyê SYC<[Afuk;, Lisg :pgj)k'fjH Lfjgkdijulfjgj)hk; - 329 Liznj)lfjgj)hk; >lz; 5 cI|l~l)xksm Tmujhk!lu ukÓjhk;… L|[hkÍk'j iH- 334 walLÈuksm rjhelm[ >lz; 6 cI|l~jdsxuk;, cRalGÏjdxlu éap[|~Jê Talakdsxuk; :SÊej)hk;… 347 rj<jÓ; A²ymbw: 6 ~jp[L[ éekfkfluj rjG+j)s/M pkGalGz;êî rjG%vrik;, Tr*xk;, ijPjuk;. >lz; fhs)M[ Sew[ >lz; 1 ~jp[L[ éekfkfluj rjG+j)s/M pkGalGz;êî rjG%vrik;, Tr*xk;, 355 ijPjuk;. >lz; 2 ~jp[LkdX éekfkfluj rjG+j)s/M pkGalGz*Xê iUledaldlrk= 364 dlgn*X >lz; 3 ~jp[L[ sv$k'iG)[ aykemj rHdk'fjH L|[hkÍk'j iH- 374 walLÈuksm gJfjClc[Yf; >lz; 4 T)lh[ dlns/mk' vjh ~jp[LkdX éekfkfluj rjG+j)s/M pkGalGz*Xê 382 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 9 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 10. A²ymbw: 1 akc[hjaldkilrk= ijCIlc eAr; >lz; 1 Tc[hlajd ijCIlcik;, LfjsRy LfUliCUik; >lz; 2 Tc[hlajd ijCIlcjsRy Kyijmik;, chEkdxksm éeoG%dlh c&gjfgksmê alGzik; >lz; 3 Cgjulu Tc[hlajd ijCIlcjHrj'k= iUfjulrik;, : iqjSdmkdxjH érgdelfdxjHê rj'k= gÊuk; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 10 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 11. Tc[hlajd ijCIlcik;, LfjsRy LfUliCUik; LDJpÈ - ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ éijCIlc;ê t'fjsRy >l<legalu LGÒ;î ãLDp[ä t'lH tsÔ(jhk; ~r[Pj/j)kd, p{@fuk!l)kd t'ldk'k. BlR ijCIcj&k t'[ eyÉlH Lfksdl![ ijiÊj)s/mk'f[î ÞQgk dlgUjH tsRy |{pusuk; arÍjsruk; éc;Cuaj#lijP;ê ~r[Pj/j&k ép{@fuk!l)jêß t'ln[. LDJpÈ éijCIlc;ê t'lHî Þark<UR afrjuaaluj cIJdgj)k' ijCIlcs dkyj)k'k.ß LDJpÈ |cr - ‫ة‬ éCkÓalu ijCIlc;ê t'[ eyÉlHî Þc;Cuakd[falu ép{@fuk=ê ijCIlc;ß t'ln[. ijCIlc; t'f[ |{pujsRy éarÍjsRyê dG+aln[. Qgk dlgU; cfUs/mkj - Lfjsr |{pu; sdl![ LyjÉk ép{@fSulsm c;Cuaj#lijP; S~lPUalujê ijCIcj)hln[ uFlGÒ éCkÓaluê ijCIlc;. LDJpÈ - ‫ة‬ ‫ ا‬éijCIlc;ê t'fjsRy afegalu LGÒ;î L#l|kijhk;, L#l|kijsRy ah)kdxjhk;, L#l|k Lifgj/j& SipYzr[F*xjhk;, YeilvdRalgjhk;, Liclrrlxjhk;, rØuk;-fjØukalu ijPjujhk; K= ijCIlcsa'ln[ LDJpÈ (‫ة‬‫ة‬ ‫ - ا‬ijCIlc; t'fjr[ afegalu ‫)ا‬ LGÒ;. Tfjr[ Tc[hl;af ijCIlc dlgU*X (‫)أرآ ن ا ی ن‬ t'k; eyuk'k. CgJL[ - ‫ی‬ ‫ ا‬éTc[hlajd afrjua*Xê g!jr*X :dk'kî 1. ijCIlcegalu afrjua*X - CgJL[ éLFil, dG+*xkaluj ~r[Paj#l - arÍkaluj ~r[Ps/M afrjua*Xê. 2. dG+egalu afrjua*X - CgJL[ éLFil, Lrk<[Alr dG+*xkaluj ~r[Ps/M afrjua*Xê. Tiuksm c;Êje[f ijign;î 1. ijCIlcegalu afrjua*X éCgJL[êî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 11 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 12. Tf[ Lrk<[Alr dG+*xkaluj ~r[Paj#l afrjua*xjsh ijCIlcaln[. Kpl|gnaluj LH-fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$Èujsh ijCIlc; éLFil YeeÖalsd c{<[mj&k c;gÊj&k rjuYÔj)k'f[ ]drlu L#l|k alYfalsn' ijCIlc;ê. LfkSelsh LH-fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$Èujhk= ijCIlcik; éLFil :glPj)s/mkilrk= LPjdlg; L#l|kijrk alYf; :dk'k t' ijCIlcik;ê, LH-fO|Jp[ LH-Lc[alL[ i- LH-cIjEljhk= ijCIlcik;, Lf[ domlsf akdxjH eyÉ ijCIlc dlgU*xjhk= éL#l|kijhk;, LisRy ah)kdxjhk;, SipYzr[F*xjhk;, YeilvdRalgjhk;, (1) Liclrrlxjhk;, rØuk;-fjØukalu ijPjujhk; K=ê (1) -þJZvcn¿m¡fpsS (apkveo§fn ZpÀamÀK¯nemb Hcp hn`mK¯nsâ)bpw, AlvepÊp¶x hÂPamAxbnse ZpÀamÀK¯nembhcpsSbpw hn[nsb þ JZdns Ipäs¸Sp¯n sIm−pÅ hgntISnemb hmZw: ChÀ (JZvcn¿m¡Ä) "hmPn_mXv' (AÃmlp I¸n¨ Imcy§Ä) sN¿mXncn¡pIbpw; AXpt]mse, "aplÀdamXv'Ifn (AÃmlp njn²am¡nb Imcy§fnÂ) n¶v hn«pn¡mXncn¡pIbpw, AXnv AÃmlphnsâ hn[n (JZvÀ) F¶v Btcm]n¡pI (Ipäs¸Sp¯pI)bpw sN¿p¶p. ssiJp CÉmw C_vp Xoan¿x (dlna.) Chsc Ipdn¨v ]dªp: ’: ” . “ .‘ ""o (AYhm, A§ns sN¿p¶ AlvepÊp¶x hÂPamAxbnse BfpIÄ) JZvcn¿m¡sf Apkcn¨v Plvan¿m¡fpsS sXäv sN¿p¶hmWv! AXmbXv nsâ tZtlÑ GXp aZvl_n (aX hn`mK nba¯nÂ) BsWm, A§nsbpÅhcpsS (B JZvcn¿m, Plvan¿m) aZvl_n BIp¶p o. ImcWw, hgntISnembhcÃmsX aämcpw Xs¶ hn[n (JZvÀ) F¶v Btcm]n¨v AÃmlp njn²am¡nbXn n¶v hn«pn¡msXbpw, AÃmlp nbaam¡nbXv sN¿msXbpw D−mInÃ!'' ("aPvaqAv ^Xmhm C_vp Xoan¿x' hmfyw 1, t]. 155 þ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 12 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 13. ijCIlcik; Tf[ KXsdl=k'k. Tfjr[ Lmjc[Flr ijCIlcsa'[ eyus/mk'k. 2. dG+egalu afrjua*X éCgJL[êî Tf[ Tc[hlajd Lrk<[Alr dG+*xkaluj ~r[Ps/M CgJL[ - afrjua*X :dk'k. Kpl|gn;î- rac[dlg;, cdl[, SrlÙ[, LfkSelsh akqkiR Lrk<[Alr dG+*xksmuk; goeik; ijPjdxk; KXsdl=k' afrjua ijCIlcalnjf[, Tf[ ijCIlc dlgU*xksm ClDdX t' Segjhln[ Lyjus/mk'f[. TO Lrk<[Alr*sx#l; éCkÓalu ijCIlcjsRy Lmjc[FlrjH Lrk<[Aj&lH L#l|kê cIJdgj)k'fk;, Ls#(jH éLFil, sfËlu ijCIlcjsRy Lmjc[FlrjH Lrk<[Aj&lH L#l|kê cIJdgj)lfjgj)k'fk; 2 :dk'k. Qglxksm Tc[hl; écHdG+*X t#l;ê Cgjulilrk= éL#l|k cIJdgj)kilrk=ê Lmjc[Flr rj~r[Pr fO|Jp[-sh éTc[hlajd ]dsspi :glPrêujsh Cgjulu ijCIlcaldk'k. fO|Jp[-sh Cgjulu ijCIlcSlsml/; dG+*xk; Cgjuldk' écIJdlgUaldk'êfln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (110 : ‫)ا‬ AÂþaIvX_ AÂþimane). kÂIÀ½§Ä sNbvXpsIm−v, Xn·bnÂn¶v hn«pn¡ CÉman nÀ_ÔamsW¶Xn¶v sXfnhmbn, Aen¿v_vp A_oXzmen_n n¶pw _pJmcnbpw apÉnapw klolmbn nthZw sN¿p¶ Hcp lZokn C§ns h¶n«p−v: ""HcmÄ _n tbmSv tNmZn¨p: "R§Ä Aa (IÀ½§Ä) nÀ¯n hn[n F¶v ]dªncn¡s«sbm?' At¸mÄ _n ]dªp: "(AcpXv!), n§Ä IÀ½§Ä sNbvXpsIm−ncn¡pI'.'' (_pJmcn: 1362, apÉnw: 2647). 2 - Cy|[ LDJpfk LÍjElgJrj$Èî é1í4ê CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 13 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 14. ""AXnm hÃhpw (]ctemI¯pÅ Xsâ hnNmcW à coXnbn Bbns¡m−v) Xsâ dºpambn (AÃmlphpambn) I−pap«Wsa¶v B{Kln¡p¶psh¦n Ah³ kÂIÀ½w sNbvXpsImÅs«, Xsâ dºnpÅ (AÃmlphnpÅ) Bcm[bn bmsXm¶nsbpw inÀ¡v (]¦v) tNÀ¡mXncn¡pIbpw sNbvXpsImÅs«.'' (JpÀB³ 18: 110). (65 : ‫)ا ﻡ‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw n¡pw nsâ ap¼pÅhÀ¡pw ktµiw ÂIs¸«n«pÅXv CXs{X: (AÃmlphnv) o Bcm[bn ]¦mfnsb tNÀ¡p¶]£w (AYhm AÃmlp AÃm¯hÀ¡v Bcm[bpsS C§Ä AÀ¸n¨v Bcm[bn inÀ¡v sNbvXmÂ) XoÀ¨bmbpw nsâ IÀ½w njv^eambnt¸mIpIbpw, XoÀ¨bmbpw o jvS¡mcpsS Iq«¯n BIpIbpw sN¿pw.'' (JpÀB³ 39: 65). (3-2 : ‫)ا ﻡ‬ . ""aXIÀ½§Ä AÃmlphnv (am{Xw) njvIf¦am¡n (ip²am¡n) sIm−v Ahs (AÃmlphns am{Xw) o Bcm[n¡pI. XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlphnv am{Xw AhImis¸«XmIp¶p "AÂþZo³ AÂþJmenkz' (Bcm[IÄ, njvIf¦amb, IogvhW¡w, ip²aXw þ Ckvemw).'' (JpÀB³ 39: 2þ3). TO :ukdxk;, TfkSelhk= QMriPj :ukdxk; covj/j)k'f[ CjG)jH rj'[ akd[fa#l Qgk dG+ik; L#l|kij(H cIJdgj)s/mkduj# t'ln[. T)lgnlhln[ akqkiR YeilvdRalgk; fO|Jp[-sh ijCIlc CkÓJdgnjr[ ixsguPjd; YelPlrU; rHdkilR dlgn;. akqkiR YeilvdØlgk; f*xksm cao|*sx Ênj&f[ L#l|kijsr alYfsa rj*X :glPj)kilR elmk=o t'k;, aËk=isgsu#l; :glPj)k'f[ rj*X KSeÊj)nsa'k; K= fO|Jp[ - Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ffIjSh)[ :ujgk'k. flsq igk' cod[f*xjH L#l|k Lfjsr dkyj&[ covj/j)k'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 14 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 15. (36 : ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw FÃm kapZmb¯nepw mw (AÃmlp) ZqXs ntbmKn¨n«p−v: n§Ä AÃmlpsh Bcm[n¡pIbpw, "XmKq¯v'Isf (_nw_§sf, Huenbm¡sf, _namsc, ZpÀaqÀ¯nIsf… hnfn¨p{]mÀ°, tÀ¨, _en… AÀ¸n¨v Bcm[n¡p¶Xv) shSnbpIbpw sN¿Ww F¶v ({]t_m[w sN¿p¶Xnv th−n).'' (JpÀB³ 16: 36). t#l r~jalgk; :pUaluj f*xksm cao|*Sxlm[ YeS~lPr; svu[ffk; fO|Jp[ - Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPr :ujgk'kî .(85 ،73 ،65 ،59 :‫اف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Fsâ P§tf, n§Ä AÃmlpsh (am{Xw) Bcm[n¡phn³. AhÃmsX n§Ä¡v Hcp ssZhhpw (Bcm[ypw) CÃ'' (JpÀB³ 7: 59, 65, 73, 85). TO akDU rUluYealn; éfO|Jp[ - Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrê :n[ ro|[, |op[, cIlhj|[, CkLu[~[…é ê fkm*ju akqkiR YeilvdRalgk; f*xksm cao|*Sxlm[ é:pUalujê eyÉf[. ak|+p[ r~j efjao'[ iG<)lh; TO fO|JpjSh)[ éTc[hlajd ]dsspi :glPr - L#l|kijsRy ]dfI; - L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kd t' ffIjSh)[ê :xkdsx Ênj&ksdl!k; Ligksm fO|Jp[-sh ijCIlc; CkÓJdgj&[ sdl!k; a)ujH flacj&k, éLFil, YeilvdfI; h>j&fjrkSC<; ek iG<; fO|Jp[-sh ijCIlc; alYf; :ujgk'k r~j eAj/j&jgk'f[, ek iG<jrk SC<; efjao'k iG<; isg fO|Jp[-sh ijCIlcik; rac[dlgik; alYf; :ujgk'k a)ujH YeS~lPr; rmjujgk'f[, aËk Lrk<[Alr dG+*sx#l; L#l|k rjG~r[Pal)juf[ fO|Jp[ eAj/j&fjrk SC<; - efjao'k iG<jrk SC<; apJrujH si&lujgk'kàê. dlgn;, Tc[hl;af; Cgjuluj emkkuGkilrk= Lmjyuln[ fO|Jp[-sh éCkÓalu - Cgjuluê ijCIlc;. r~jalgksmuk; ycohkdxksmuk; TO alf{d CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 15 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 16. ejReËju échEkdxlu - eoG%dlh c&gjfgluê YeS~lPdØlgk;, egj<[dGl)xk; wr*sx éLFil, r~jalsguk; - wly*xjhk=isguk; - QOhjul)sxuk; ijxj&[ YelGÒj&[ :glPj)k'isguk;, ~j;~lglPdsguk; aËk;ê :pUaluj Ênj&fk; fO|Jp[-Sh)kfs' :ujgk'k, LFil LiG :pUaluj egjYCaj&f[ fO|Jp[-hk= ijCIlcCkÓJdgnjr[ :ujgk'k. Lfjr[ SC<aln[ afjsRy aËk rjua*X LiG f*xksm cao|*Sxlm[ eyÉjgk'f[. ðYeS~lPr goealuj r~j eAj/j&fk; :pUaluj fO|JpjSh)[ Ênj)kilrln[, Lf[ flsq igk' |pJcjH dlnl;î ” ’: ‘ ’: ‘ “.‘... .(19 : ‫ري: 5931، ﻡ‬ ) C_vp Aºmkv hn n¶v nthZw, ""apBZv hns bante¡v ntbmKn¨t¸mÄ _n At±lt¯mSv ]dªp (]Tn¸n¨p): "AlvepÂInXm_v (PqXþss{kvXhÀ)te¡mWv Xm¦Ä t]mIp¶Xv, At¸mÄ Xm¦Ä (AYhm: Htcm apkvenapw) BZyambn {]t_m[w sNt¿−Xv: "emCeml CÃm AÃmlv' þ "Bcm[¡Àlmbn AÃmlphÃmsX aämcpw Cà þ AÃmlphÃmsX asämcp ssZhhpw CÃ' F¶Xnte¡mWv, (asämcp nthZ¯n h¶Xv: "BZyambn Xm¦Ä {]t_m[w sNt¿−Xv: "XuloZvþte¡v AYhm Bcm[¡ÀlmIphmpÅ A[nImc¯nse AÃmlphnsâ GIXz¯nte¡mWv' F¶mWv)', F¶n«v AXn (XuloZvþÂ) AhÀ Xm¦sf Apkcns¨¦n (am{Xw) A©ptcs¯ akvImcw (XpS§n aäpÅ ApjvTm§fpw) AÃmlp AhcpsS ta nÀ_Ôam¡nbncn¡p¶p F¶v Ahsc Adnbn¡pI…'' (_pJmcn: 1395, apÉnw: 19). (hnh.)ò. * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 16 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 17. Tc[hlajd ijCIlcjsRy Kyijmik;, chEkdxksm éeoG%dlh c&gjfgksmê alGzik; Tc[hl;afijCIlc; éijCkÓDkG:rjsRyuk;, |pJcjsRyuk; Yealn*xjH alYf;ê egjPj rjGÑuj)s/Mfln[. Tc[hl;af ijCIlcjsRy rjuaplflilu L#l|kijH rj'k= YealnjsRy éijCkÓ DkG:rjsRyuk;, |pJcjsRyuk;ê Lmjc[Flrjh#lsf ulsfl'k; TO ijCIlcjH c[Fjgs/mkduj# écIJdlgUa#ê. éen[}jf-eOSgl|jfê L>jYelujSrl, zSi<njSrl ulsflgk eqkfk; TO ijCIlcjhj#. Lfksdl![ fs' Tc[hl;af ijCIlcjsRy Kyijm; ijCkÓ DkG:rjhk; fjgkck'jhk; alYf; egjajfaln[. dlgn; L#l|kijr[ rjG^r[Paluk; K!lSd!fk;, L#l|kijsRy SegjH SvG[ eyulR elmj#lfkalu dlgU*sx c;~r[Pj&[ L#l|kijrk;, Lfjr[ SC<; éL#l|k Lyjuj&k sdlmkf[ê LisRy ycoH )ka#lsf aËlG)k; Lyjuj#. Lfksdl![ fs'uln[ chEkÍIlhj|J*X éc|l~jdX, fl~jTO*X Lm*k' eoG%dlh c&gjfGê Tc[hl;af ijCIlc; cIJdgj)kilrluj cIJdgj& gJfjClc[Yf; éaR|w[w[ê DkG:rjhk;, fjgkck'jhk; egjajfaldkilR dlgn;. L#l|kijhk= ijCIlcseËj ijCkÓ DkG:rk; fjgkck'[ éc|J|lu |pJc[êK; covj/j& akqkiR dlgU*xjhk; chEkÍIlhj|J*X éc|l~jdX, fl~jTO*X, eoG%dlh c&gjfGê ijCIcj)kduk;, cfUs/mkkduk;, Lfjrrkcgj&[ YeiGj)kduk; sv$k'k. LfkSelsh ijCkÓ DkG:Srl, YeilvdsRy ck'Sl é|pJc[ê covj/j)l dlgU*X LiG rjS<Pj)kduk;, fjgc[dgj)kduk; sv$k'k. Lfksdl![ fs'uln[ LiG)jmujH ijCIlcdlgU*xjH Qgk >j'j/k; dlnkilR clPj)lf[. Ligksm ijCIlc; Q'lujgk'k. LfkSelsh Ligksm c;Zik; Q'lujgk'k. Lfksdl!kfs' Tc[hl;afijCIlcjH Cgjulu alGzSgD CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 17 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 18. Ligksm éc|l~jdX, fl~jTO*X, Lm*k' eoG%dlh c&gjfgksmê gJfjuln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (103 :‫ان‬ ‫)ل‬ ""n§Ä H¶n¨v AÃmlphnsâ Ibdn (JpÀBpw, lZokpw) apdpsI ]nSn¡pI. n§Ä `n¶n¡cpXv'' (JpÀB³ 3: 102). (123 : ) ""F¶m Fsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) ]¡Â n¶pÅ hà amÀKZÀihpw (JpÀBpw, lZokpw) n§Ä¡v h¶pIn«p¶ ]£w, At¸mÄ Fsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) amÀKZÀiw BÀ ]n³]äp¶pthm Ah³ hgn]ng¨v t]mIpIbnÃ, hn]¯nÂs¸SpIbpanÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 20: 123). Tfksdl!ln[ Cgjulu afijCIlcak= TO Qgk c;Zjr[ ‫ا‬ ‫ ا‬égÊs/M ij>lz;ê t'[ é|pJcjHê Segk eyukilR dlgn;. fsRy cakplu; éakc[hJ*Xê tqkejao'[ ij>lzaluj >j'j)ksa'[ eyuk' |pJcjH TiG)[ éCgjulu afijCIlcak= TO gÊs/M c;Zjr[ê alYfaln[ ijwusa'[ r~j clÊUs/mkk'k. LFil, tqkejao'[ ij>lzjH Qgk ij>lzsalqj&[ aËk=sf#l; rgdjhln[, ét#liqjSdmjhlu CjG)[ dhG' ijCIlcak= ij>lzik; domj ãQËs)Mlujä rj'lhln[ ijwu; t'# r~j eyÉf[à ayj&[ê :gln[ : ijwuj)k' Qgk ij>lzsa'[ c|l~l)X Svlpj&S/lX r~j eyÉkî ÞT'[ Blrk; tsRy c|l~l)xk; ]sflgk alGÏjhlSnl rjhsdl=k'f[ : alGz; 3 cIJdgj)k'igldk'k LiG t'ln[.ß ” - 3 : ‘( ) /2: ‫)ا ﻡ م أ‬ “. ‘ ’: (4029 : ‫ﻡ‬ ‫داود: 6954، ﻡ ي: 2462، ا‬ ‫233، و 3 / 021، 541، أ‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 18 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 19. r~j Yeivj&f[ cfUalGÏaluj ekhG'jgj)k'k, éCgjulu afijCIlcak= Qgk ij>lz;î chEjíL|[hkH-|pJc[ K;, aËk ij>lz*X akqkirk; iqjSdmjHfs' akqkdj dlnkduk;, LiujHê vjh ij>lz*xksm ijCIlc; ijCkÓ DkG:rk; fjgkck'k; eAj/j&jMj#l éfJGk; sfËluf[ê :n[ t'k; rak)[ dlnlR dqjuk;àà Ligksm éLPjd Segksmuk;ê ijCIlc; - ivr Clc[Yf;, YzJ)[ vjÔlzfjdX éfkm*juiêujH rj'k; Kmshmk ffIw[Blr;, é~j;~lglPr, ~j;~-wlylglPr, iUd[fj eow, c{<[mj eow, afs >gnak!l)kilrk= hÊUal)j - fO|Jp[-sh ijCIlcik; r~jvgUujhPjdik; Liznj)kd fkm*juiê domj)hG' ijCIlcaln[àà L*jsruk= iUfjulr*xk;, >j'j/kdxk; akc[hj; cao|jH éQgk ij>lz;î chEjíL|[hkH-|pJc[ Qqj&k= asË#lËjhk;ê iUlej&jgj)kduln[àà * * * Cgjulu Tc[hlajd ijCIlcjHrj'k= iUfjulrik;, : iqjSdmkdxjH érgdelfdxjHê rj'k= gÊuk; Cgjulu Tc[hl;af ijCIlcjH rj'k= iUfjulr; éTO Shldk;, elgYfjd Shldk;ê rlCik;, r<[mikaln[ K!l)kd. L#l|kijH cIJdlgUalu cHdG+*X sv$k'fjrk= Cd[falu SYegn éL#l|kijhk;, egShldjhk;, L#l|kijHrj'k= gÊ-CjÊujhk; K=ê Cgjulu ijCIlc; sdl![ alYfaln[ K!ldkd. Cgjulu ijCIlcaj#liR SpS|V, éckDS>lz;, vfj, ediJMH, fkm*juiêdxksmuk;ï KO|*X éDkG:rjrk;, |pJcjrk; ekyk= vjÔlzfjdXêsmuk; TgulujMln[ wJij)kd. L*jsr Lir[ éTO Shldk;, elgYfjd Shldk;ê uFlGÒ cSÔl<dgik;, calPlrik; cODUikak= wJijf; ]flsn'[ ds!kilR dqjulsf, wJijf; alrcjd c;ZG<ik;, pkÈDik;, Tmk*ju vjÔlzfjuk; rjyÉ[, L*jsr LfjH rj'[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 19 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 20. gÊs/mkilrk= alGz*XSfmj LhÉ[ fjgjÉ[ Liclr; édh|*xjSh)k;, SpS|V dH/j)k' Sfl'jilcjSh)k; L*jsrê Lf[ L*jsruk=isg :f[a|fUujSh)kisg sdls!j)kduk; sv$k'fln[àà LPjd; :xkdX)k; éDkG:rk;, |pJck; Liznj&[ SpS|Vdsx ejReËk'fksdl![ê T'[ Cgjulu ijCIlcjhPj<[Ajfalu cØlGz; r<[malujgj)kduln[àà Cgjulu Tc[hl;af ijCIlcaj#l cao|; a{zfkhUalu wJijf; ruj)k' cao|alujgj)k; éij. DkG:R 25î 44 Srl)kdê, LiG)[ éTO Shldk;, elgYfjd Shldk;ê calPlrik; cODUikak= wJijf; h>j)k'j#. LijCIlcjdxksm cao|jH T'[ rl; cG%clPlgnuluj d!kigk'f[ Lisg rlCjSh)[ ruj)k' >Ofjdalu akqkiR ckDS>lz*xk; h>UalujMln[, éLf[ dh|*xjSh)k;, SpS|V dH/j)k' Sfl'jilcjSh)k;, LcalPlrjSh)k; Lisg sdls!j)k'kààê t'lH TO dlgU*xjH rj'[ gÊj)kilrluj rl; Lisg cRalGzjSh)[ Ênj)kduk;, alGzrjGS`C; rHdkduk; svS$!fk![. Lfjr[ rl; Cgjulu ijCIlc; éeAj&[, YeiGj&[ê tj&ksdlmk)kd L#lsf asËl'ksdl!k; clPUa#. L#l|k eyuk'kî (51 :‫ﻡ ن‬ ‫)ا‬ ""tl; ZqX³amtc, hkvXp¡fn AÂþXz¿n_m¯v (AÃmlp AphZobam¡nb FÃmXcw lememb `£W§Ä) n¶v n§Ä `£n¡pIbpw, kÂIÀ½w {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpw sN¿phn³…'' (JpÀB³ 23: 51). . . . CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 20 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 21. .(13-10 : ‫)ﺱ‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw ZmhqZnv mw ½psS ]¡Â n¶v Ap{Klw ÂIpIbp−mbn. (AÃmlp nÀt±in¨p:) ]ÀÆX§tf! n§Ä At±lt¯msSm¸w (AÃmlphnsâ ]cnip²nsb hmgv¯p¶ IoÀ¯§Ä) GäpsNmÃpI. ]£nItf, n§fpw (At±lt¯msSm¸w AÃmlphnsâ ]cnip²nsb hmgv¯p¶ IoÀ¯§Ä GäpsNmÃpI). mw At±l¯nv (ZmhqZv v) Ccp¼v abs¸Sp¯n sImSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ]qÀ® hep¸apÅ IhN§Ä nÀan¡pIbpw, AXnsâ I®nIÄ icnbmb Afhnem¡pIbpw, n§sfÃmhcpw kÂIÀ½w {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpw sN¿pI F¶v (AÃmlp At±l¯nv nÀtZiw ÂIn). XoÀ¨bmbpw Rm³ (AÃmlp) n§Ä {]hÀ¯n¡p¶sXÃmw ImWp¶hmIp¶p. (At±l¯nsâ aI³) kpsseam³ ¶v Imänsbpw (mw A[os¸Sp¯n sImSp¯p). AXnsâ {]`mX k©mcw Hcp amks¯ Zqchpw AXnsâ kmbmÓ k©mcw Hcp amks¯ ZqchpamIp¶p (AXmbXv, c−v amkw sIm−v bm{XsN¿p¶ Zqcw At±l¯nv HcpZnhkw sIm−v bm{XsN¿m³ Ignªp). At±l¯nv mw sN¼nsâ Hcp Ddhv Hgp¡n sImSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. At±l¯nsâ dºnsâ IÂ] {]Imcw At±l¯nsâ ap¼msI Pn¶pIfn NneÀ tPmen sN¿p¶pap−mbncp¶p. Ahcn Bsc¦nepw ½psS IÂ]¡v FXncp{]hÀ¯n¡p¶ ]£w mw Ah¶v Pzen¡p¶ cIin£ BkzZn¸n¡p¶XmWv. At±l¯nv th−n D¶X ku[§Ä, inÂ]§Ä, henb Pe kw`cWnt]msebpÅ XfnIIÄ, ne¯v Dd¸n¨v nÀ¯nbn«pÅ ]mNI]m{X§Ä F¶n§s At±lw Dt±in¡p¶sX´pw AhÀ (Pn¶pIÄ) nÀ½n¨ncp¶p. ZmhqZv IpSpw_ta, n§Ä µn]qÀÆw (AÃmlphnpÅ µnbmbn kÂIÀ½w) {]hÀ¯n¡pI. XnIª µnbpÅhÀ Fsâ Zmk³amcn A]qÀÆas{X.'' (JpÀB³ 34: 10þ13). afijCIlcjH rj'k; h>j)k' TOalrjd Cd[fj écalPlr;, gÊê… >Ofjd Cd[fj écalPlr;, gÊê… ujH rj'k; SiGfjgj)lfjgj)H rjG^r[Paln[. L*jsr SiGfjgj&lH rjgGÒfdalu ép{@fuj#lê ijCIlcjSh)[ Lf[ rs+ sdls!j)kduk;, domlsf Lf[ >Ofjd Cd[fjuksm rlCjSh)k;, iUfjulrjSh)kak= CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 21 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 22. alGzikaldk;. t'lH, éTc[hlajd c;Z*Xê >Ofjdalu Cd[fj Si!Yf Srmjsumk)kduk;, t'lH Tc[hl;af ijCIlcCd[fj fJsg T#lfjgj)k'fluk; :dk'k dlEjykdxksmuk;, éiqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*xksmuk;ê rlmkdxjH rak)j'[ dlnkilR clPj)k'f[, éTfk; rlCjSh)k;, iUfjulrjSh)kak= alGzikaldk'kê. ijCIlciUfjulrjsRy dlgn*Xî 1- Cgjulu ijCIlcjhk= Lw[Bf ijCIlc iUfjulrjrk= dlgnaldk'kî Cgjulu ijCIlc; eAj)k'fjH rj'k;, eAj/j)k'fjH rj'k; ejÔjgjukdSul, Lfs#(jH Lfjr[ LG|j)k' YelPlrU; rHdlfjgj)kdSul sv$kd. Cgjulu ijCIlcsaÔ[? Lfjsrfjsguk=fk;, Lfjsr fdG)kilR egjYCaj)k'fkalu éiUlwêijCIlc; tÔ[? t'[ arÍjhl)lsfuln[ cao|; éLPjdik;ê ixG'[ sdl!jgj)k'f[àà L*jsr cfUs LcfUaluk;, LcfUs cfUaluk; LigjH éLPjdSegk; iUlwalujê ijCIcj)k'kàà éTfk; rlCjSh)k;, iUfjulrjSh)kak= alGzaldk'kê. Lfln[ a|lrlu KaG Dl~[ eyÉf[î : ” .( ‫وى ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫)ﻡ ﻡ‬ “ Þwl|jhj$[ éTc[hlajr[ akÙk= sfËlu ijCIlc elfdXê tÔlsn'[ LyjuliR Tc[hlajH ixG'lH, Tc[hlajsRy QlSgl ejgjuk; efjsu LqjÉ[ Seldk;.ß éLfksdl![, Cgjulu ijCIlcsaÔ[? Lfjsrfjsguk=fk; Lfjsr fdG)kilR egjYCaj)k'fkalu iUlwijCIlc; tÔ[? t'[ arÍjhlS)!fk;, eAj/jS)!fkak![ê. 2- akRfhakydxk;,ejfla|Ølgk; ekhGjSel' ijCIlc*Sxlmk= eÊelfjfI; éLr[Palu Lrkdgn;ê ijCIlc iUfjulrjrk= dlgnaldk'kî LiG éakR akc[hJ; fhakydxk;, ejfla|Ølgk;ê sfËlu CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 22 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 23. ijCIlcak=iglsn(jhk;, Lf[ ejReËkd éLr[Paluj Lrkdgj)kdêuk;, ulFlGÒU; écfU;î DkG:R, r~jvgUê Ligksm : sfËluijCIlcSlm[ Sulwj)lf[ :sn(jH DkG:rk;, r~jvgUuk; f=jdxukduk; sv$kd t'fk; ijCIlciUfjulrjrk= dlgnaldk'k. Lfln[ L#l|k DkG:rjhosm ak'yjuj/[ fgk'f[î (170 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlp AhXcn¸n¨Xv (JpÀB³, _nNcy) n§Ä ]n³]än Pohn¡pI F¶v AhtcmSv Bsc¦nepw ]dªmÂ, AÃ, R§fpsS ]nXm¡Ä kzoIcn¨Xmbn I−Xv (B ]mX þ aXmpãm§Ä am{Xta) R§Ä ]n³]äpIbpÅq F¶mbncn¡pw AhÀ ]dbp¶Xv. AhcpsS ]nXm¡Ä bmsXm¶pw Nn´n¨v aÊnem¡m¯hcpw tÀhgn (JpÀB³ _nNcy) Is−¯m¯hcpw Bbncps¶¦n t]mepw (Ahsc n§Ä ]n³]äpIbmtWm?)'' (JpÀB³ 2: 170). 3- Lr[Palu fD[hJp[ éLr[Paluj en[}jfØlsg Lrkdgj)Hê ijCIlc iUfjulrjrk= dlgnaldk'kî sfxjikdX écfU;î DkG:R, r~jvgUê Lyjulsf wr*xksm éen[}jf Si<Plgjdxksmê KÓgnjdxjH rj'[ afijCIlc; cIJdgj)kduk;, Lf[ éDkG:rk;, r~jvgUuk; Yedlg;ê CgjulSnl t'[ Selhk; Srl)lsf Lr[Paluj Lrkdgj)kduk; sv$kd. Lfln[ akL[fcjhjul)X w|[ajul)X, LC[LgjdX, coEjul)X éL|[hkÍk' iHwalLujsh iqjSdmjhlu LPjdalxkdXê fkm*juiG T'[ cIJdgj&jgj)k' iqjSdmjhlu alGz;àà LiG f*xksm iqjejq& akRzlajdsx Lr[Paluj Lrkdgj&k éfD[hJp[ svu[fkê, L*jsr LiG uFlGÒ ijCIlcjH rj'[ iqjejq)s/mkduk;, iUfjvhj&[ Seldkduk; svu[fkàà 4- a|lf[al)xjhk;, QOhjul)xjhk; ér~jalgjhk;, >u>d[fØlgjhk;ê Lfjg[ dijukduk;, LiG)[ L#l|k rHdju c[FlrS)lX Lisg éc[Sr|j&[, :pgj&[, dJGr*X elmjê KuGj, L#l|kijr[ alYf; sv$lR CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 23 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 24. dqjuk' Kedlg; sv$kd, KeYpi; rJ)kd Selshuk= dlgU*X LiG)[ dqjuksa'[ ijCIcj)k'k, Tfk; ijCIlc iUfjulrjrk= dlgnaldk'kàà YelGÒr)[ Kg; h>j)kilrk;, :iCUeoGJdgnjrk; Si!j L#l|kijrk; LisRy c{<[mjdX)kajmujH Lisg ér~jalsguk;, a|lf[al)sxuk;, QOhjul)sxuk; aËk;ê aPUc[FRalgl)k'kàà LfkSelsh L#l|ki#liG)[ éLFil : a|lf[al)X)[, QOhjul)X)[, r~jalG)[, >u>d[fØlG)[ê :glPrdX LG/j)k'kàà Ligksm wly*xjSh)k;, aDlakdxjSh)k; SrG&dxk;, iqjelmkdxk;, ~hjuk; LG/j)kd, LiSglm[ YelGÒj)kd, Tc[fj:r éc|lu;ê Sfmkd, Tc[fjzlF égÊê Sfmkduk; sv$k'flujM[ rak)[ dlnlik'fln[. Tfln[ ro|[r~j sRy wrfsu ~j;~lglPrujSh)[ éCjG)jSh)[ê tj& ijCIlc iUfjulrjrk= dlgn;. : wrf ro|[r~j sRy dlhk!lujgk' akc[hJ*xjsh cIlhj|J*sx Lfjg[ dijÉk :pgj&kà ijCkÓ DkG:R Tf[ p{@aluj eyuk'kî (23 :‫) ح‬ ""AhÀ ]dªp: (P§tf,) n§Ä n§fpsS (hymP) ssZh§sf Dt]£n¡cpXv. (hymP ssZh§fmb) h±v, kphmAv, bKqYv, bDuJv, kvdv F¶nhscbpw n§Ä Dt]£n¡cpXv.'' (JpÀB³ 71: 23). |pJc[, T~[rk L^lc[ eyuk'kî [( ) ]” (4920 :‫ري‬ ) “. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 24 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 25. ÞðTO LÖ[Segk; é: LÖ[ iUlw sspi*Xî i`[, ckilL[, uzoF[, uKOD[, rc[y[êò ro|[r~j uksm cakplujsh cIlhj|J*X ér# akc[hJ*X, c&gjfGê :ujgk'k, LiG agns/MS/lX LiG éclPlgnê Tgj)lyk= c[Fh*xjH Ligksm goe*X éwly*X, ~j;~*X, ijYz|*X, Dk^dXê K!l)j c[Flej)kilrk;, Lfjr[ Ligksm Segjmkilrk; ejClv[ dHej&kà L*jsr Ligf[ svu[fkà : é:pUê fhaky Lisu éLigksm goe*X - wly*X - ~j;~*Xê :glPj&jgk'j#à Ligksm agnSC<; : dlgU; éLfluf[, akR fhaky : goe*X - wly*X - goe*X K!l)juf[ :glPj)kilrlujgk'j# t'fk;, ayj&[, Lf[ siyksalgk :pgi[ covdalu c[algd; :ujgk'k t'fk;ê wr*X)jmujH éL's akc[hJ*X)jmujHê ej'Jm[ Lyjus/mlsf Selikduk;, Lisu é: goe*X - wly*X LfjrkSC<; i' fhakydXê :glPj)kduk; svu[fkààß é~kDlgjî 4920ê. TO c;>i*X T~[rk wgJgjsRy fE[cJyjhk;, LfkSelsh, aËk fE[cJykdxjhk; dlnlik'fln[. éTg; iqjSdmjHs/Mfk fs'uln[ T'[, cIlhj|J*xksm D~yjsRy akdxjH, : D~ylxjuksm SegjM[ c[Flej)k' wly-goe*xk;ï Lisu ijxj&kYelGÒr, SrG&, Lyi[, ~hj… fkm*ju :glPruksm Tr*X LG/j)s/mk', LFil, Qgk wly-~j;~al)j :glPj)s/mk' iqjSdmjhlu Yei{juk;ààê. asËlgk |pJc[, pkykH aRFoyjH (269 /6) H L~[pk ~[rk |kssap[ L~oakfI[|yjH rj'k;, éL~o |lfjak;, T~[rk KG% LH |Ùhjuk;ê Tf[ KÓgj)k'kî :(269 / 6) ) ’: ” : ( ’: ‘ ’ ‘ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 25 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 26. ‘ ’: ‘ ‘ ’: ’: ‘ ’: ‘ ’: ‘ ’ ( ) ‘ ‘ ’ ’: .( ) ‫: 6/211/2، آ‬ ‫أ‬ ‫)روا ا‬ “.‘ ‘ ’ .( ‫وة ا‬ ‘‫اآ ا راري‬ ‫’ا‬ ÞL~o wL[EyjsRy Lmk[ éLS`|; LH~lDjG :n[ê ucJp[~[rk LHakL[h~jsr c;~r[Pj&[ eyukduk!lujï ãL#l|k L#liG :glPj)s/M >oajujH :pUaluj sdl#s/Mf[ LS`|aln[.ä ej'Jm[ ãi`[ä éQgk iUlw sspi;ê jsr c;~r[Pj&[ eyukduk!lujî LFil, Lf[ ãi`[ä Qgk akc[hj; :u iUd[fjulujgk'k, cao|jr[ T<[ms/M iUd[fjuk; :ujgk'k. LS`|; agns/MS/lX, : ~l~jShlN t' YeSpC[ wr*X LS`|jsRy D~yjrgjdjH é:pgi[ - ~|kalr covdalujê eMlxs Lnjrjgkduk;, LiG egjY>aj)kduk; svu[fkà wr*xksm egjY>a; d![ T~[hJc[ éssClRê Qgk ark<U goejH Ligksm TmujH YefUÊs/Mkäï t'jM[ eyÉkî ãTS`|jsRy SiGelmjH rj*X pkÈDj)k'f[ BlR dlnk'k![, Lfk sdl![ fs' rj*X Qgkaj&kdomk' c[Fh[ LS`|jsRy CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 26 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 27. Qgk goe; K!l)kd, L*jsr LS`|s rj*X)[ QlG)laS#l?àä L*jsr LiG eyÉkî ãLsf, Cgjä, L*jsr LiG LS`|jsRy goe; K!l)j LiG Qgkaj&[ domk' c[Fh[ c[Flej)kduk!lujà Lfjhosm LiG LS`|s éãi`[äsr, iUlw sspialu : agj& akc[hj; QOhju :u iUd[fjsuê QlG[ sdl!jgk'kà : goejH LiG LS`|s éãi`[äsrê QlG)k'f[ d!S/lX éT~[hJc[ LiSglm[ iJ!k; eyÉkêî ãrj*X rj*xksm iJmkdxjH fs' LS`|jsRy Qgk goe; éãi`[ä t' SegjHê K!l)j si)kd, Lfjhosm rj*X)[ domkfH LS`|s QlG)laS#l?ä LiG eyÉkî ãLsf, Cgjàä, L*jsr QlSgl iJMjhk; LiG LS`|jsRy QlSgl goe; K!l)jsi)kduk!lujà L*jsr Ligksm éSC<; i'ê fhaky Lf[ dlnkduk;, Lfjsr é: goesê LiG L#l|kijsr domlsfuk= Thl|[ é:glPURê :)kduk;, : goes LiG é: SC<; i' fhakyê :glPj)kduk; svu[fkà éL*jsr >oajujH :pUalujê L#l|kijsr domlsf :glPj)s/Mf[ ãi`[ä :ujgk'kï LFil, ãi`[ä t'[ Seg[ si& éQgk akc[hj; - cIlhj|[ - QOhju :u c&gjfsRy SegjMk ijxj& goe; - wlygoe;ê ~j;~; :ujgk'k 4 Lf[ààä.ß éiji.ê TO pkGalGz; fs'uln[ T'[ eh glwU*xjhk; éakc[hJ*xjsh - L|[hkÍk'È iwalLÈujsh iqjSdmjhluê D~ylglPdgk; svu[f[ sdl!jgj)k'f[àà Tfk; ijCIlc iUfjulrjrk= dlgnaldk'kî 5- L#l|kijsRy YeleÖjdalu p{<[mlÔ*sx éYeeÖalsd c{<[mj&k c;gÊj&k rjuYÔj)k'f[ L#l|k alYfaln[ t'fjsrê dkyj&k;, DkG:rjd sspijd p{<[mlÔ*sx dkyj&k;, Lf[ >Ofjd c;c[dlgjsRy ekSglzfj)[ rHdk' LrkYz|*sx Liznj)H, LFil, TO dlnk' YeleÖjd 4 -ssCD[ LH~lrj fsRy ekc[fdaluî Þf|[pJG LÍlwjp[...ß H TO ij<u ijignjH L;zJdgj&[ K`gj& |pJc[. ssCD[ LH~lrj eyuk'kî L~o|lfjak; Tf[ KÓgj&jMk![, |pJcjsRy crSplm[ domj (‫ )ا اآ ا راري‬ujH T~[rk KG% LH-|Ùhjuk; (2/112/6)-l; SewjH Tf[ KÓgj&jMk![. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 27 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 28. rmemj Yda*sx#l; fs' ark<UsRy dqjijH seMflsn'[ sfËjÓgj)kduk;, LfjsRy SegjH ark<Usr a|fIs/mkj, TO dlnk'sf#l; fs' éL#l|kijsRy LrkYz|lH h>j&flsn' ilc[fi; Liznj&[, Lisu#l;ê ark<UsRy d!kejmk*xk;, ark<Ugksm claGÒU; sdl!k; h>j&flsn'[ LiG é: iqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*X, LijCIlcjdXê ijCIcj&kàà éLfkSelsh : iqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*X, YeleÖjd rmemj Yda*sx#l; QOhjul)X, r~jalG, >u>d[fØlG sv$k'flsn'k; ijCIcj&k Tfk; ijCIlc iUfjulrjrk= dlgnaldk'kê, Lfln[ DlyoR ilpj&f[. ijCkÓ DkG:R eyuk'kî (87 : ‫)ا‬ ""(Jmdqpw aäp hgntISnembhcpw) ]dªp: Fsâ ssIhiapÅ hnZysIm−v am{XamWv Fn¡nXv e`n¨Xv.'' (JpÀB³ 28: 78). LfkSelsh éiqjSdmjhluê ark<UG eyuk'kî (50 : ) ÞTf[ trj)[ LG|j)k'f[ éfs'ê :dk'kß éDkG:R 41î 50ê (49 : ‫)ا ﻡ‬ ""Ah³ (hgntISnembhÀ) ]dbpw: "Adnhnsâ ASnkvYm¯n Xs¶bmWv Xn¡v AXv ÂIs¸«n«pÅXv F¶v'.'' (JpÀB³ 39: 49) t'lH TO YeeÖ; K!l)ju L#l|kijsRy a|fIs c;~r[Pj&[ LiG vjÔj&j#. ark<Ur[ TO dlgU*sx#l; d!kejmj)kilrk= KuG' YeSfUdalu dqjik; ~kÓjuk;, Lyjik; fgkduk;, Li KeSulzs/mkkilrk= SC<juk; ~kÓjuk; rHdjuirk; :u L#l|kijsr LiG arÍjhl)juj# éilq[juj#, c[fkfj dJGr; svu[fj#àà CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 28 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 29. Tfk; ijCIlc iUfjulrjrk= dlgnaldk'kê. ijCkÓ DkG:R eyuk'f[ Srl)kdî (96 :‫ت‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphmWtÃm n§sfbpw n§Ä nÀ½n¡p¶hsbbpw krjvSn¨Xv.'' (JpÀB³ 37: 96). (185 :‫اف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""BImi`qanIfpsS B[n]Xy clkys¯¸änbpw, AÃmlp krãn¨ GsXmcp hkvXpsh ]änbpw AhÀ Nn´n¨v tm¡n bntÃ?'' (JpÀB³ 7: 185). . . (34-32 : ‫)إ اه‬ ""AÃmlphs{X BImi§fpw `qanbpw krãn¡pIbpw, F¶n«v AXpaqew n§fpsS D]Poh¯nmbn ImbvInIÄ DÂ]mZn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXXv. Ahsâ IÂ](nba) {]Imcw ISeneqsS, k©cn¡p¶Xnmbn Ah³ n§Ä¡p I¸epIÄ hnt[bam¡n¯cnIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p. ZnIsfbpw Ah³ n§Ä¡v hnt[bam¡n¯¶ncn¡p¶p. kqcysbpw N{µsbpw ]Xnhmbn k©cn¨v sIm−ncn¡p¶ nebn Ah³ n§Ä¡p hnt[bam¡n X¶ncn¡p¶p. cmhnsbpw ]Iensbpw Ah³ n§Ä¡p hnt[bam¡n¯¶ncn¡p¶p. n§fhtmSv Bhiys¸«Xn ns¶Ãmw n§Ä¡v Ah³ ÂInbncn¡p¶p. AÃmlphnsâ Ap{Klw n§Ä F®pIbmsW¦n n§Ä¡Xnsâ IWs¡Sp¡mmhnÃ. XoÀ¨bmbpw apjy³ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 29 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 30. alm A{IaImcnbpw hfsc µnsI«hpw Xs¶.'' (JpÀB³ 14: 32þ34). 6- iJmkdxjH rj'k; Cgjulu éTc[hlajdêCjÊn; h>j)lfjgj)k'fk; ijCIlc iUfjulrjrk= dlgnaldk'kî r~j eyÉkî ” (2658 : ‫ري:9531، ﻡ‬ ) “. (30 :‫وم‬ ‫)ا‬ ÞQgk dkÉk; Liuksm ãEjf[yjHä éfO|Jp[, akc[hj; - L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kd t' CkÓ Yed{fjSulsmê L#lsf wrj)k'j#à ej'Jm[ LisRy alflejfl)xln[ Lisr wofSrl, ssYdc[fiSrl, Lz[rjulglPdSrl é~j;~lglPdSrlê :)k'f[ï Lf[, Qgk a{z)kÉ[ LfjsRy egjeoGn goejH éLiuksm cIÔ; dlgU*X sfË[ domlsf sv$lrk= dqjSilsmê wrj)k'f[ Selshuldk'k, Liujsh écIÔ; dlgU*X sv$lrk= dqjijHê tsÔ(jhk; rUorf rJ dlnlykS!l?à t'jM[ L~o|kssyy eyukduk!luj, rj*X KS`Cj)k'ksi(jH TO :u[ Qlfkdî L#l|k ark<Usg ]sflgk ãEjf[yf[ä éfO|Jp[, akc[hj; - L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)k' Yed{fjêujH c{<[mj&jgj)k'kSil : ãEjf[yf[ä :dk'k Lf[. L#l|kijsRy c{<[mj iUic[Fu[)[ éãEjf[yf[ä, fO|Jp[, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)hjr[ê ulsflgk alËikaj# . éDkG:R 30î 30ê.ß é~kDlgjî 1359, akc[hj;î 2658. ê. cÔlr*sx éCkÓalu Tc[hlajd ijCIlc; rHdjê SrGiqjujH rmk'fjH alflejfl)X)k;, gÊjfl)X)k; éLÓUledG)k;ê ihju KgilpjIaks!'[ TO |pJc[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 30 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 31. KnGk'k, éLf[ Liznj)k'f[ cÔlr*xjH ijCIlc iUfjulrjrk= dlgnaldk'kê. 7- LPjd Tc[hlajd glwU*xjshuk; ilGlalPUa*X Tc[hlajd ijw[BlrjsRyuk;, eArjsRyuk; YelPlrUs rjS<Pj)k'kàà afeArjr[ c[doxkdxjH LG|alu egjznr rHdlfjgj)kdSul, Lfjsr elsm Liznj)kdSul svu[fkàà iluj)kduk;, dlnkduk;, SdX)kduk; sv$k' Yzl|U- YCin-pGCr alPUa*X iqjSdmjsRyuk;, PlGajdaohU r<[mjsRyuk; alGz*X fky'kijM[ LPÈefj&kàà Ls#(jH K#lcjrk;, >Ofjd dlgUh~[pj)k; Si! Kedgnaluj alyj. cI>liCkÓJdgnjrk;, Cgjulu ijCIlc; KOMjuky/j)kilrk;, iUfjulrjsRy alGz*sx T#lu[a sv$k'fjrk; alPUa*X ulsflgk egjznruk; rHdjuj#àà L*jsr ixG'[ igk' akc[hj; fhaky)[ >Ofjd - rjgJCIg - é~j;~lglPrlê ilpjdxksm ak'jH Lisg svyk)lR dqjulsf Ligksm Tgdxluj alyjsdl!jgj)k'kàà Tfk; ijCIlc iUfjulrjrk= dlgnaldk'k. iUfjulrjH rj'k; gÊSrmkilrk= alGz*Xî 1- Cgjulu Tc[hlajdijCIlc; KXsdl=kilrluj K'frk; Yefleilrkalu L#l|kijsRy Yzr[FjSh)k;, YeilvdsRy ck'[ évgUêujSh)k; am*kd éLfjrkSi!j L#l|kijSrlm[ YelGf[Fj)kduk; sv$kdê. c&gjfglu eoG%jdG échEkdXê Ligksm ijCIlc; TO g![ Kyijm*xjH rj'lujgk'k cIJdgj&jgk'f[. :pUcao|; tÔksdl!lSnl cØlGzjhluf[ Lfksdl![ fs'uln[ LiclrrlX isguk= cao|ik; cØlGzjhldkd. LSflsml/; fs' ejq&igksmuk;, iUfjulr)lgksmuk; ilp*xk; ijCIlc*xk; rl; eAj)kduk;, Ligksm c;Cu*X)[ aykemj rHdkduk; sv$kd. dlgn; tÔln[ fjØsu'[ LyjuliG LfjH seM[ SeldkilR dlgnaldk'fln[àà 2- ijpUl>Ulc eAralPUajH Cgjulu ijCIlc; -- c&gjfglu chEk cIlhJ|J*xksm ijCIlc; -- Tfjsr dkyj&[ eAj)kilR Si! egjznr rHdkd, LfkSelsh LfjrliCUalu cau; d{fUaluj QlSgl Yelu ZM*xjhk; rHdkd. TO ij<ujhk= egJÊdxjH éLÓUledgk;, gÊjfl)xk;ê d{fUalu coÊ[a CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 31 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 32. egjSClPr rmkduk; sv$kd. éLfkSelsh akfjG'iG frj)[ afijCIlc eArjrk= Qqjik cau; Si!kSilx; t#l pjicik; djMk' fgjhk= Swlhj alYf; cIJdgj)kdê. 3- dx( g|jfalu chEj éc&gjfglu eoG%jdgksmê Yzr[F*X alYf; eAr alPUajH KXs/mkkd. iUfjulr)lgksmuk;, coEjdxksmuk;, ~jp[L[ éekrlvlg;ê sv$k'igksmuk;, éL|[hkck'È iHwalLÈujsh iqjSdmjhlu D~ylglPdgksmuk;, >gn-hÊU; akRrjGj afs ixs&lmj)kilR YCaj)k'igk; ap[|~jhk; aËk; dlns/mk' iqjSdmkdX doMkejmj)k'igkalu walL[ Tc[hlaj - TD[ilrjdxksm Yzr[F*xk;ê, w|[ajul)xksmuk;, akL[fcjhjul)xksmuk;, LC[Lgjul)xksmuk;, alfogjpjul)xksmuk; LfkSelshuk= aËk ejq& dÊjdxksmuk; Yzr[F*xk; elsm KSeÊj)kd, iqjSdmjhluiG)[ aykemj rHdkilR éDn[}r KelPjulujê alYf; Li KXs/mkkduk; sv$kd. 4- wr*X)[ Si!j akcI[hj|kdsx éaf; r'l)k' en[}jfØlsg, t#l glwUk;, t#l YeijCUujhk;, t#l rzg*xjhk;ê rjSulzj)kdî wr*X)[ tS/lqk; t#ldlgU*xjhk; chEkdxksm éc&gjfglu eoG%jdgksmê ijCIlc; tÔlsn'[ iUd[fal)j sdlmk)kilrk;, iqjSdmjhk;, Lw[Bfujhk; Lds/Misg fjgj&[ sdl!kiglrk; akcI[hj|kdsx éaf; r'l)k'-sfËkfjgkk' Lyjik=isgê rjC[vuj)kd éLisg t#l rjh)k; c|luj)kduk; sv$kdê. * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 32 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 33. A²ymbw: 2 fO|JpjsRy :Cuik;, Tr*xk; Q'[î fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È, g![î fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È, ao'[î fO|Jp[ LH-Lc[alT i-LH-ÍjEl[ Q'[î fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È ( ‫ا‬ ) >lz; LH-fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$Èî éYeeÖalsd 1 c{<[mj&[ c;gÊj&[ rjuYÔj)k'f[ L#l|k alYfalsn'fjhk= L#l|kijsRy ]dfI;ê >lz; ijCkÓ DkG:rjhk;, |pJcjhk; y^[ 2 t'fjsRy LGÒik;, iqjejq& cao|*xksm c(He*xk; >lz; YeeÖik;, akqkiR c{<[mjdxk;, 3 éLiuksmsu#l; c{<[mliluê L#l|kijsr Lrkcgj)k'k - dJsqlfk*k'k >lz; c{<[mlijsr éL#l|kijsrêuk; LisRy 4 ]dfIsuk; eAj/j)kilR ijCkÓ DkG:R dlnj&kf' alGzSgD >lz; fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$Èuk;, fO|Jp[ LH- 5 Kho|j$Èuk; egc[eg; SvG'jgj)k'k CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 33 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 34. LH-fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$Èî éYeeÖalsd c{<[mj&[ c;gÊj&[ rjuYÔj)k'f[ L#l|k alYfalsn'fjhk= L#l|kijsRy ]dfI;ê 1. fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$Èuksm ijCpJdgnik;, TfjH akC[gj)kdxksm L;zJdlgik;î fO|Jp[ t'fjsRy selfkilu :Cu;î 1. YeeÖalsd c{<[mj&[ c;gÊj&[ rjuYÔj)k' L#l|kijsRy YeiGr*xjhk; éLFil, LH-fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$Èujhk;êï 2. c{<[mjdxksm :glPr)[ LG|rldkilR L#l|kijr[ alYfak= LPjdlgjhk; éLFil, LH-fO|Jp[ LH- Kho|j$Èujhk;êï 3. L#l|kijsRy ]Ëik; r# >;zjuk= - YeO@juk= - a|fIak= rla*xjhk;, K'falu ijSC<n*xjhkak= ]dfIjhk; éLFil, LH-fO|Jp[ LH- Lc[alL[ i- LH-cIjEljhk;ê ijCIcj)kd - L;zJdgj)kd t'fldk'k LH-fO|Jp[. Tf[ ao'[ Traln[. ‫ت‬ ‫ا ﺱ ء وا‬ -3 ، ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ -2 ، ‫ا‬ -1 1. fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È, 2. fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È, 3. fO|Jp[ LH-Lc[alL[ i-LH-ÍjEl[. :pUaluj fO|Jp[-sRy QlSgl TrjsRyuk; iUfUlc; arÍjhl)kilrluj QlSgl'jrkak= YeSfUd :Cu*X ijCpal)k'kî 1- fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È éTf[ L#l|kijsRy YeiGjdxjhk= ]dfIjsh ijCIlc;, LFil, YeeÖalsd c{<[mj&[ c;gÊj&[ rjuYÔj)k' L#l|kijsRy dqjikdxjhk;- Cd[fjujhkak= ]dfI;ê :dk'k. fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$ÈujH KXs/mk'i flsq ijigj)k'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 34 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 35. A- L#l|kijsr LisRy YeiGrjH éLH- yk~o~j$ÈujHê ]drl)kd. t#l c{<[mjdxksmuk; c{<[mli[ LiR alYfalsn'[ ijCIcj)kd éTf[ fO|Jp[ LH- yk~o~j$ÈujH KXs/mk'kê. L#l|k eyuk'kî (62 : ‫)ا ﻡ‬ ""AÃmlp FÃm hkvXp¡fpsSbpw krjvSmhmIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 39: 62) B- ark<Ugksmuk; akqkiR wJiwlh*xksmuk; aËk=iuksmuk; L'plfli[ L#l|k alYfalsn'[ L;zJdgj)kd éTf[ fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$ÈujH KXs/mk'kê. L#l|k eyuk'kî (6 :‫)ه د‬ ""`qanbn bmsXmcp P´phpw (Pohn, apjy³) AXnsâ `£Ww (D]Pohw) AÃmlp _m[yX GäXmbn«ÃmsXbnÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 11: 6). C- L#l|k alYfaln[ YeeÖjsRy Kmac[Frk;, LPjerk;, YeeÖs akqkirk; rjuYÔj)k'irk;, éLG|j)k'iG)[ê Yefleik;-rjÕUfuk; rHdk'irk;, t#lËjrk; dqjik=irk;, glik; edhk; alËjayj)k'irk;, t'[ ijCIcj)kd éTf[ fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$ÈujH KXs/mk'kê. L#l|k eyuk'kî . (27-26:‫ان‬ ‫)ل‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 35 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 36. ""]dbpI: B[n]Xy¯nsâ DSakvYmb AÃmlpth, o Dt±in¡p¶hÀ¡v o B[n]Xyw ÂIp¶p. o (AÃmlp) Dt±in¡p¶hcn n¶v o (AÃmlp) B[n]Xyw FSp¯po¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. o (AÃmlp) Dt±in¡p¶hÀ¡v o (AÃmlp) {]Xm]w ÂIp¶p. o (AÃmlp) Dt±in¡p¶hÀ¡v o (AÃmlp) nµyX hcp¯pIbpw sN¿p¶p. nsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) ssIhias{X ³abpÅXv. nivNbambpw o (AÃmlp) FÃm Imcy¯npw IgnhpÅhmIp¶p. cm{Xnsb o (AÃmlp) ]Ien {]thin¸n¡p¶p. ]Iens o (AÃmlp) cm{Xnbnepw {]thin¸n¡p¶p (AÃmlp cm{Xnbpw ]Iepw D−m¡p¶p). PohnÃm¯Xn n¶v o Pohnsb ]pd¯v hcp¯p¶p. Pohnbn n¶v PohnÃm¯Xnsbpw o ]pd¯p hcp¯p¶p. o (AÃmlp) Dt±in¡p¶hÀ¡v IW¡v tm¡msX D]Pohw o (AÃmlp) ÂIpIbpw sN¿p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 3: 26þ27). akdxjH eAj& ijCkÓ DkG:R cod[f*xjhosm YeeÖjsRy c{<[mj/jhk;, éc;gÊnjhk;, ark<UG KXs)l=k' akqkiR wJijdX)k;ê >Ên; rHdk'fjhk; L#l|kijH e(kdlsg SvG)k' ijCIlc; L#l|k rjgldgj&f[ Selsh fs', L#l|kijsRy LPjdlgjhk;, cujhk; L#l|kijH e(kdlsg SvG)k' ijCIlcjsruk; L#l|k rjgldgj&jgj)k'k. Lf[ L#l|k eyuk'kî (11 :‫ن‬ ) ""CsXms¡ ({]]©amsI) AÃmlphnsâ krjvSnbmIp¶p. F¶m Ah¶p (AÃmlphn¶p) ]pdsabpÅhÀ (B hymPssZh§Ä, _nw_§Ä, Bcm[n¡s¸Sp¶ Huenbm¡Ä, _namÀ) krjvSn¨n«pÅXv F´msW¶v n§Ä Fn¡v ImWn¨pXcq.'' (JpÀB³ 31: 11). L#l|k iJ!k; eyuk'kî (21 : ‫)ا‬ ""AXsæn AÃmlp Xcp¶ D]Pohw (AÃmlp) nÀ¯nsh¨m n§Ä¡v D]Pohw ÂIp¶hmbn Bcp−v?'' (JpÀB³ 67: 21). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 36 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 37. LfkSelsh t#l c{<[mjdxksmuk; y^[ :dkd t'f[ éLFil, t#l c{<[mjdsxuk; c{<[mj&[ c;gÊj&[ rjuYÔj)k'fjsh L#l|kijsRy ]dfI; t'f[ê L#l|kijH alYf; >gSaH/j)s/Mjgj)k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (2 : ‫)ا‬ ""kÀÆ kvXpXnbpwþµnbpw dºp AÂþBeao³ (apjypw Pn¶pw AS§p¶ kÀÆtemI¯nsâbpw krãmhpw kwc£Ipw Bb) AÃmlphn¶mIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 1: 2). (54:‫اف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw n§fpsS dºv (kÀÆtemI¯nsâbpw krãmhv -þ kwc£I³) BdpZnhk§fnembn (L«§fnembn) BImi§fpw `qanbpw krjvSn¨hmb AÃmlphmIp¶p. F¶n«h³ "AÀinÂ' CkvXhm (BtcmlWw) sNbvXncn¡p¶p. cm{Xnsbs¡m−v Ah³ (AÃmlp) ]Iens aqSp¶p. {ZpXKXnbn AXv (cm{Xn) ]Iens tXSns¨Ãp¶p. kqcysbpw N{µsbpw £{X§sfbpw Xsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) IÂ]bv¡p hnt[bam¡s¸« nebn (AÃmlp krãn¨ncn¡p¶p), AdnbpI (XoÀ¨bmbpw): krãn¸pw imkm[nImchpw (S]Sn{IaoIcWhpw) Ah¶pXs¶bmW.v temIc£nXmhmb-- (kÀÆtemI¯nsâbpw krãmhpw -þ kwc£Ipw Bb) AÃmlp alXz]qÀ®mbncn¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 7: 54). L#l|kijsRy yk~o~j$Èujhk= L;zJdlg; éYeeÖ; c{<[mj&[ c;gÊj&[ rjuYÔj)k'fjsh L#l|kijsRy ]dfI; - fO|Jp[ L;zJdgj)Hê t#l c{<[mjdxjhk; L#l|k rjSÊej&jgj)k'k, :glPrdX LG/j)k'fjH L#l|kijr[ e(kdlsg SvG akC[gj)kdX é~j;~lglPdGê Selhk; L#l|kijsRy yk~o~j$ÈjH ijCIcj&jgk'k éL;zJdgj&jgk'kê. L#l|k Lfln[ eyuk'f[î CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 37 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 38. . . (89-86 :‫ﻡ ن‬ ‫)ا‬ . ""o tNmZn¡pI: "Ggv BImi§fpsS dºpw (krãmhpw -þ kwc£Ipw þ imkm[nImcnbpw) al¯mb "AÀin'sâ dºpw BcmIp¶p?' AhÀ (_nw_mcm[IÀ) ]dbpw: "AÃmlphn¶mIp¶p'. o ]dbpI: "F¶m n§Ä kq£vaX ]men¡p¶ntÃ? (B ssZhs¯ n§Ä `b¡p¶nsà þ Apkcn¡p¶nsÃ?).' o tNmZn¡pI: "FÃm hkvXp¡fpsSbpw B[n]Xyw Hcphsâ ssIhi¯nemWv. Ah³ A`bw ÂIp¶p. Ahs¶Xncmbn (FhnsS n¶pw BÀ¡pw) A`bw e`n¡pIbnÃ. A§sbpÅh³ BcmWv? n§Ä¡dnbmsa¦n (]dbq?). AhÀ ]dbpw: "(AsXÃmw) AÃmlphn¶pÅXmWv.' o tNmZn¡pI: "]ns¶ F§sbmWv n§Ä ]nimNnsâ ambmheb¯n s]«pt]mIp¶Xv?'.'' (JpÀB³ 23: 86 þ 89). TO fO|Jpjsr éYeeÖ; c{<[mj&[ c;gÊj&[ rjuYÔj)k'fjsh L#l|kijsRy ]dfI; - fO|Jp[ L;zJdgj)Hê rjS<Pj&jMk= Lyjus/M Qgk cao|; ark<Ugjhk!lujgk'j#àà ayj&[ t#ligksmuk; |{pu*xjH TO fO|Jp[ Yed{fjpaluj fs'uk![. YeilvdRalG Tfjsr c;~r[Pj&[ ijCkÓ DkG:rjH eyuk'f[ rl; YCÓj)kdî (10 : ‫)إ اه‬ ""Ahcnte¡v ntbmKn¡s¸« ZqX³amÀ ]dªp: "BImi§fpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw krãnIÀ¯mhmb AÃmlphnsâ Imcy¯nemtWm (n§Ä¡v) kwibapÅXv?'' (JpÀB³ 14: 10). t'lH y^jsr éYeeÖ; c{<[mj&[ c;gÊj&[ rjuYÔj)k' L#l|kijsrê rjS<Pj&igjH Lyjus/MiR EjGQOrlujgk'k. t'lH Lirk; éEjGQORê :Ôgjdaluj Qgk y^ks!'[ Ky/j&jgk'k. aocl r~j LiSrlm[ eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 38 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 39. (102 :‫)ا ﺱ اء‬ ""At±lw (^nÀHutmSv) ]dªp: "I®pXpd¸n¡p¶ ZrjvSm´§fmbns¡m−v Ch Cd¡nbXv BImi§fpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw dºv (krãmhpw -þ kwc£Ipw) Xs¶bmWv F¶v XoÀ¨bmbpw o aÊnem¡nbn«p−v'.'' (JpÀB³ 17: 102). iJ!k; EjGQOrjsruk; LS`|jsRy wrfSuuk; c;~r[Pj&[ L#l|k eyuk'kî (14 : ‫)ا‬ ""Ahsb (AÃmlphnsâ sXfnhpIsfbpw, Zrãm´§sfbpw aäpw) ]än AhcpsS aÊpIÄ¡v ZrVamb t_m[yw h¶n«pw A{Iahpw Al¦mchpw aqew AhÀ AXns (kXys¯, CÉmwaXs¯) ntj[n¨p Ifªp.'' (JpÀB³ 27: 14). t'lH T'[ sspis - y^jsr éYeeÖ; c{<[mj&[ c;gÊj&[ rjuYÔj)k' L#l|kijsrê rjS<Pj)k'iG daUonjc[Ëkdlgln[, YefUÊjhk= L|(lglhlniG sspis - y^jsr rjS<Pj)k'f[. t'lH, TO Shld[ dlnk' QlSgl ic[fkik; frjsu K!luf#, ayj&[ Lfjsr :Sgl K!l)juflsn'[ LiG eSglÊaluj c+fj)k'k, LfkSelsh QlSgl c{<[mj)k; Qgk c{<[mli[ K![ t'k; LiG c+fj)k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî .(36 - 35 :‫ر‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AXÃ, bmsXmcp hkvXphn n¶paÃmsX AhÀ krãn¡s¸«ncn¡pIbmtWm? AXÃ, AhÀ Xs¶bmtWm krãm¡Ä? AXÃ, AhcmtWm BImi§fpw `qanbpw krjvSn¨ncn¡p¶Xv? AÃ, ]s£ AhÀ ZrVambn hnizkn¡p¶nÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 52: 35þ36). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 39 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 40. TO YeeÖs c;~r[Pj&[ vjÔj)kdî LÔgJÊik;, Lfjsh QlSgl Zmdsuk; c;~r[Pj&[ vjÔj)k'iG)[ LfjsRy ej'jsh c{<[mlijsr ds!kilR clPj)k'fln[. : c{<[mlijsr rjS<Pj)k'f[ ijw[Blrs éDkG:rjsr, Ejf[yjsrê rjS<Pj)k'fjr[ fkhUaln[, Tf[ g!jrkajmujH ulsflgk iUfUlcikaj#. t'lH rjgJCIgilpjdX Ligksm L|(lg; sdl!ln[ sspis - y^jsr rjS<Pj)k'f[. t'lH Qgk y^[ érs+ c{<[mj&[ c;gÊj&[ egjelhj)k'iRê K![ t'f[ ~kÓjuksm SfMik;, Cgjulu vjÔuksm Ehikaln[. Tfjsr rjS<Pj)k'f[ ~kÓjsu rjgldgj)hk;, Lfkaoh; wr*X)jmujH cIu; rjÕUrluj fJgkdukaln[ sv$k'f[. dij eyuk'kî ‫ا ــ‬ ‫وی‬ ‫ا ــ‬ ‫آــ ی‬ ‫ـ أ ـ وا ـ‬ ‫ــ ل‬ ‫و آ ﺵ ء ی‬ ÞrjS<Pj)k'iR sspis t*jsruln[ rjS<Pj)kdï t#lËjhk; Lir[ p{<[mlÔak![ï Lf[ LiR éc{<[mli[ê Qgkirlsn'[ covj/j)k'kß. * * * ijCkÓ DkG:rjhk;, |pJcjhk; y^[ t'fjsRy LGÒik;, iqjejq& cao|*xksm c(He*xk; 1- ijCkÓ DkG:rk;, |pJck; ãy^[ä éYeeÖ c{<[mlik; c;gÊdrk;ê t'fksdl![ ijiÊj)k'f[ flsq ijigj)k'kî ‫ رب - ی ب‬t'fjH rj'k; Kf[>ij&fln[î ّ‫ ا ب‬éLH-y^[ê t'f[. Qgk Lic[FujH rj'k;, LfjsRy uFlGÒfujSh)[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 40 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 41. ixgkdsu'fln[ LfjsRy :Cu;. ‫ ا ب‬éLH-y^[ê t'[ rjgkelPjd; K'frlu L#l|kijr[ alYfsa KeSulzj)kduk=o. L#l|k eyuk'kî (2 : ‫)ا‬ ÞcG%ShldjsRy éc{<[mlik; c;gÊdrkaluê y^[ß éDkG:R 1î 2ê (26 :‫اء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n§fpsS dºpw (krãmhpw -þ kwc£Ipw þ ssZhhpamb AÃmlp), n§fpsS ]qÀÆ ]nXm¡fpsS dºpw (krãmhpw -þ kwc£Ipw þ ssZhhpw) BIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 26: 26). ãy^[ä t' ep; L#l|k L#ligksm SegjsRy dosm igk' goe;î ]sf(jhk; epjSh)[ SvGksdl!#lsf ‫ رب‬éy^[ê ‫رب‬ t' ep; L#l|k L#lisg dkyj)kilR KeSulzj)kilR elmj#. Kpl|gnalujî ‫ رب ا ار‬iJMjsRy Kmac[FRî ‫رب ا س‬ dkfjguksm Kma. t'j*sr ]sf(jhk; dlgUjSh)[ SvGjs)l![ alYfSa L#l|ki#liG)[ TO ep; KeSulzj)kilR elmk=o. LS/lX ‫ رب‬éy^[ê t' epjsRy ‫رب‬ LGÒ; Kmac[FR éuwalrR, glwli[…ê t'luj fJgk'fln[. uockE[ wujhjH K!lujgk' fsRy doMkdlgSrlm[ eyÉ KÓgnjdsx c;~r[Pj&[ L#l|k eyuk'kî (42 : ‫)ی ﺱ‬ ""nsâ dºnsâ (AYhm: bPamsâ, cmPmhnsâ) ASp¡Â o Fs¶ ]än {]kvXmhn¡pI. F¶m Xsâ bPamtmSv {]kvXmhnt¡− B Imcyw ]nimNv Ahs ad¸n¨v Ifªp.'' (JpÀB³ 12: 42). (50 : ‫)ی ﺱ‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 41 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 42. ""At±lw(bqkp^v ) ]dªp: o nsâ bPamsâþcmPmhnsâ (dºnsâ) ASpt¯¡v Xncn¨pt]mIpI.'' (JpÀB³ 12: 50) (41 : ‫)ی ﺱ‬ ""F¶m n§fnsemcph³ Xsâ dºnv (bPamv þ cmPmhnv) hoªv IpSn¸n¨v sIm−ncn¡pw.'' (JpÀB³ 12: 41). LfkSelsh, iqjsfËjS/lu QMds c;~r[Pj&[ r~j eyukduk!lujî (1722 : ‫ري: 8242، ﻡ‬ ) “ ” ÞLfjsRy éy^[ê Kmac[FR Lfjsr ds!k'f[ isgß é~kDlgjî 2428, akc[hj;î 1722ê. TfjH rj'[ rak)[ arÍjhl)kilR clPj)k'f[ ‫ا ب‬ éLH-y^[ê t'f[ L#l|kijsr ijSC<j/j&[ ]sf(jhk; epjSh)[ SvGjs)l!k; KeSulzj)k;, Kpl|gn;î ‫ رب ا س‬éwr*xksm y^[ê, ‫ رب ا‬écG%Shld c{<[mlik; c;gÊdrk; :u y^[êï LfkSelsh, éLH-y^[ t'f[ L#l|kijsr ijSC<j/j&[ê ]sf(jhk; epjSh)[ SvG)lsfuk; KeSulzj)k; Kpl|gn;î ‫ - ا ب‬LH-y^[ éc{<[mlik; c;gÊdrk; :u y^[ - L#l|kê. t'lH L#l|k L#lisg dkyj)kSÙlX ]sf(jhk; Qgk epjSh)[ SvGjs)l![ alYfsa ‫ - رب‬y^[ t' ep; KeSulzj)kilR elmk=o. Kpl|gn;î ‫رب ا ار‬ éiJmjsRy Kmac[FRê, ‫ رب ا ـ ل‬éiJmjsRy Kmac[FRê, ‫ رب ا‬éQMdjsRy Kmac[FRê. 1- ‫ رب ا‬écG%Shld c{<[mik; c;gÊdrk; :u y^[ê t'fjsRy :Cu;î Ligksméuk; cG%ShldjsRyuk;ê c{<[mlik;, LfjsRy Kmac[Frk; :uirk;, YeilvdRalsg eyÉu&[ sdl!k;, sspijdYzr[F*X Ty)js)l!k; wr*sx r'l)kduk; - ixGjs)l![ igjduk; sv$kd CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 42 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 43. t' LrkYz|; rHdk'irk;, Ligksm dG+*X)[ YefjEh; rHdkduk; sv$k'iR t'ln[ éTfjsRy LGÒ;ê. T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê eyuk'kî ÞL#l|kijsRy yk~o~j$È éc{<[mjdGf{I; - gÊldGf{I;ê t'f[î L#l|kijrk= :glPruk;, L#l|kijsRy ijSglP*xk;, rØsv$k'iG)[ YefjEhaluj rØuk;, fjØsv$k'iG)[ YefjEhaluj fjØuk; rHdkd t'fk; KXsdl=k'k.ß éaplgjwkÍlhj|JRî 1-8ê. 2- sspijsRy - L#l|kijsRy yk~o~j$È éc{<[mjdGf{I; - gÊldGf{Ijsh ]dfI;êjH sfËlu ijCIlcak=igksm ijijP c(He*Xî egjCkÓrlu c{<[mlijsr arÍjhl)kilrk; L;zJdgj)kilrk; Kfdk' ãEjf[yf[ä éTc[hlajd ]dsspi ijCIlc;ê Yed{fjulHfs' rjSÊej&[ sdl!ln[ L#l|k QlSgl c{<[mjdsxuk; éark<Usruk; wj'jSruk;ê c{<[mj)k'f[. Lfln[ L#l|k eyuk'f[î (30:‫)ا وم‬ ""BIbm tsc (kXy¯nÂ) nesImÅp¶ (XuloZv þ AÃmlphns am{Xw Bcm[n¡Â F¶ XXzw ASnbpd¨v hnizkn¨v AXpkcn¨v Pohn¡p¶)hmbn«v nsâ apJs¯ o aX¯nte¡v Xncn¨v nÀ¯pI. AÃmlp apjysc GsXmcp ^nXvd¯n (XuloZnÂ, ip²{]IrXnbnÂ) krjvSn¨ncn¡p¶pthm B {]IrXnbs{X AXv. AÃmlphnsâ krjvSn hyhkvYbv¡v bmsXmcp amähpanÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 30: 30). (172 :‫اف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""nsâ dºv (AÃmlp) BZw k´XnIfn n¶v, AhcpsS apXpIpIfn n¶v AhcpsS k´m§sf ]pd¯v sIm−v hcnIbpw, AhcpsS Imcy¯n Ahsc Xs¶ Ah³ (AÃmlp) km£n nÀ¯pIbpw sNbvX kµÀ`w (HmÀ¡pI.) (AÃmlp CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 43 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 44. tNmZn¨p:) "Rm³ n§fpsS dºv (krãmhpw kwc£Ipw) AÃtbm?' AhÀ ]dªp: "AsX, R§Ä km£yw hln¨ncn¡p¶p'.'' (JpÀB³ 7: 172). L#l|kijsRy yk~o~j$È éc{<[mjdGf{I; - gÊldGf{I; - ssddlgUdGf{I; - dlgUfJgkalr; t'jiujêhk= ijCIlcik;, éYeC[r*X SrgjmkSÙlXê L#l|kijH ésspijHê L>u; Sfmk'fksa#l; ark<U Yed{fjuksm >lzaln[. CjG)[ éL#l|kijr[ alYf; clPj)k' dlgU*X)[ L#l|k L#ligjH L>u; Sfmkd, L*sr L#l|kijrk= LglPrujhk; aËk; aËk=isg e([ SvG)kd…ê t'f[ ekfju fIaluj K!ldk'fln[. r~j eyuk'kî ” (2658 : ‫ري:9531، ﻡ‬ ) “.(30 :‫وم‬ ‫)ا‬ ÞQgk dkÉk; Liuksm ãEjf[yjHä éfO|Jp[, akc[hj;, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kd t' CkÓ Yed{fjSulsmê L#lsf wrj)k'j#à ej'Jm[ LisRy alflejfl)xln[ Lisr wofSrl, ssYdc[fiSrl, Lz[rjulglPdSrl é~j;~lglPdSrlê :)k'f[ï Lf[, Qgk a{z)kÉ[ LfjsRy egjeoGn goejH éLiuksm cIÔ; dlgU*X sfË[ domlsf sv$kilrk= dqjSilsmê wrj)k'f[ Selshuldk'k, LiujH écIÔ; dlgU*X sv$lrk= dqjijHê tsÔ(jhk; rUorf rJ dlnlykS!l?à t'jM[ L~o|kssyy eyukduk!luj, rj*X KS`Cj)k'ksi(jH TO cod[f; elglun; sv$kdî L#l|k ark<Usg ]sflgk ãEjf[yf[ä éfO|Jp[, akc[hj;, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)k' Yed{fjêujH c{<[mj&jgj)k'kSil : ãEjf[yf[ä :dk'k Lf[. L#l|kijsRy c{<[mj iUic[Fu[)[ éãEjf[yf[ä, fO|Jp[, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)hjr[ê ulsflgk alËikaj# . éDkG:R 30î 30ê.ß é~kDlgjî 1359, akc[hj;î 2658ê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 44 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 45. LFil, ark<Usr LisRy CkÓ Yed{fjujH ijmkdulsn(jH ãEjf[yf[ä éfO|Jp[, akc[hj;, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)k' fIik;ê YeilvdRalG sdl!ki'fk; éTc[hl; afik;ê, DkG:rjsRy KeSpC*xk;, L#l|kijsRy p{<[mlÔ*xk; KXs)l=k' pL[i[ éYeS~lPr;, Tc[hlajSh)k= Ên;ê ark<UG ét#ligk;ê cIJdgj)kalujgk'kàà eSÊ, iUfjulr; c;>ij& CjÊnik;, é~j;~lglPrl Yealn*xk;,ê rjgJCIgilpegalu egjcg*xkaln[ dkÉk*sx Ligksm CkÓYed{fj - ãEjf[yf[ä éfO|Jp[, akc[hj;, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)k' fI;êjH rj'k; sfËj)k'f[àà LfkSelshfs' iqjSdmjhk;, iUfjulrjhk; Lds/M alflejfl)sx LiG Lr[Paluj ejReËkduk; sv$k'fk; iqjSdmjhk;, iUfjulrjhk; Lisg tj)k'kàà iJ!k; Qgk |pJcjH YeilvdR L#l|kijsRy ivr*X éãDkp[cjäê :uj KÓgj)k'k. Tf[ c|J|[ akc[hjajhk; ç L|[apjhk; dlnl;î ” (4/162 : ‫: 5682، أ‬ ‫)ﻡ‬ “. ÞBlR tsRy Lmjadsx t#lisguk; c{<[mj&f[ |krElL[ é|rEj$È - svl%lu alGÏ; - fO|Jp[, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kd t'fjH, LFil Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrlê ijCIlcjhln[, ej'Jm[ ejClv[ LigjSh)[ i'[ Lisg cfUafjH éTc[hlajd ]dsspilglPr - L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kd t'fjHê rj'[ iqj ejq/j)kduk!lujï SC<; LiG)[ BlR éL#l|kê LrkiprJual)juf[ ejClv[ LiG)[ rj<jÓal)kduk;, BlR Lrkafj rHdl dlgUaluî ãt'jH éL#l|kijHê :glPrujH e(k SvG)kd éCjG)[, ~j;~lglPr - wlylglPrêä t'f[ ejClv[ LiSglm[ dHej)kduk; svu[fkàß éakc[hj;î 2865, L|ap[î 4í162ê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 45 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 46. Lfluf[ Lisg ijYz|*sx :glPj)k'fjhk;, L#l|k L#l aËk=isg éQOhjul)sx, r~jalsg, wly*sxê :glPUØlgluj cIJdgj)kilrk; ejClv[ Lisg SYegj/j)kduk!luj. L*jsr LiG iqjSdmjhk;, rlCjhk;, >j'j/jhk; Lds/mkduk!lujàà QlSglgkgk; QlSgl :glPUsr ésspi*sxê cIJdgj)kduk;, aËk=isg éaËk :glPUØlsgê :glPj)lfjgj)kduk; svu[fkà uFlGÒ y^jsr éL#l|kijsr :glPUrlujê LiG L;zJdgj)kdulsn(jH iUlw y^kdsx éaËk iUlw :glPUØlsgê LiG cIJdgj)kalujgk'j#. L#l|k eyuk'kî (32 : ‫)ی‬ ""AhmWv n§fpsS bYmÀ° dºv (krãmhpw, c£Ipw) Bb AÃmlp, F¶ncns¡ bYmÀ°ambpÅXnv ]pdsa hgntISÃmsX F´mWpÅXv?'' (JpÀB³ 10 : 32). Tg; iqjSdmkdX)[ LiclrSal, egjPjSul T#àà uFlGÒ y^jH éL#l|kijHê rj'[ :glSnl ejÔjgjuk'f[ LiG iqjSdmjH Lds/mkd fs' sv$k'fln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî . (40-39 : ‫)ی ﺱ‬ ""hyXykvX dºpIÄ (krãmhpw, c£Ipw) BtWm D¯aw; AXÃ, GIpw kÀÆm[nImcnbpamb AÃmlphmtWm (D¯aw)? Ahp (AÃmlphnp) ]pdsa n§Ä Bcm[n¡p¶h (FÃmw) n§fpw n§fpsS ]nXm¡fpw maIcWw sNbvXn«pÅ Nne ma§Ä (hkvXp¡Ä) AÃmsX asäm¶paÃ. Ahsb¸än (Ahsb Bcm[n¡qhm³) AÃmlp bmsXmcp {]amWhpw (JpÀBnepw _nNcybnepw) AhXcn¸n¨n«nÃ.''(JpÀB³ 12: 39,40). LfkSelsh, ijSC<n*xjhk;, YeiGr*xjhk; QSg goejhk= g![ sspi*X Ks!'[ ilpj)k'isg dlnlR Yeulcaln[. ayj&[ vjh akC[gj)kdX é~j;~lglPdGê eyÉf[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 46 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 47. éT'[ iqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*X eyuk'fkSelshêî Þf*xksm sspi*X)[ éQOhjul)X)[, r~jalG)[, wly*X)[ê YeeÖjsRy vjh dlgUYda*xjH e(ks!'ln[.ß ejClv[ L#l|k L#lisg :glPj)kilrluj éT*sruk= iUlwilp*X rHdj - iUlwpjiUfI; YecjÓs/mkjê Lisguk; sdl![ dxj)kduln[ sv$k'f[àà QlSgl cao|suk; Ligksm ~kÓjuksm Sflfrkcgj&[ ejClv[ dxj&jMk![àà vjhulxkdX agj&isg éc&gjfsg, r~jalsg, QOhjul)Ølsgê éiUlwpjiUfI;, ãDylakdX,ä Lf[>kf; YecjÓs/mkjê a|fIs/mkj Lisg :glPj)kduk!luj. Ligksm goe*X éLigksm SegjH wlygke;, Dk^gke;… fkm*juiulujê K!l)kduk;, ej'Jmf[ Ligksm ~j;~*xl)kduk; svu[fkàà ro|[r~j uksm wrf T*sruln[ svu[ff[. aËkvjhG rÊYf*sx :glPj)kduk;, Liuksm goe*xk!l)kduk;, YeeÖdlgUYdajH rÊYf*X)[ vjh dlgU*X sv$lR clPj)ksa'k; ilpj&k éLfjr[ SwUlfj<; t'kijxj&kê, : :glPr)[ Si!j :glPrlhu*xk;, YeSfUd c[Fh*xk; écau*xk;ê LiG K!l)jà YeeÖSzlx*sx :glPj)k'iG fs' iUfUc[F fgjhln[ K=f[. LigjH vjhG cogUsr :glPj&k, aËkvjhG vYÕsr :glPj&k, aËk vjhG vjh rÊYf*sxuln[ :glPj&jgk'f[. L*jsr Lfjr[ LiG goe*xk!l)kduk;, QlSgl Szlx*X)k; YeSfUd; YeSfUd; :glPrlc[Fh*X fs' LiG enjukduk; svu[fk. t'lH aËk vjhulxkdX Lz[rjsu :glPj&k - LiG awocjdX t'[ éLy~jujHê Lyjus/Mk. vjhG éakc[hJ*xjsh iqjSdmjhluiGê D~ykdsx :glPj)k'kàà aËk vjhG TÔUujhk=f[ Selsh eCkijsr :glPj&ki'k. ah)kdsxuk;, ag*sxuk;, d#kdsxuk;, D~ykdsxuk;, wly*sxuk; :glPj)k'igk; ixsguPjdak![. Ligksm éTO L#l|k L#liG)k= :glPruksm YePlr dlgn;ê, TiG éTO ~j;~-wlylglPdG - akc[hJ*xjsh iqjSdmjhluiGê t#l; fs' L#l|k L#liG)[ yk~o~j$È[ éYeeÖjsRy c{<[mjdGf{I; - gÊldGf{I; - ssddlgUdGf{I; - dlgUfJgkalr; - YelGÒr)[ Kg; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 47 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 48. rHdH… fkm*juiujH rj'[ê vjhf[ Ks!'[ ilpj)k'f[ sdl!ldk'kàà :glPj)s/mk' ~j;~*sx#l; fs' vjh Lp{CUalu ic[fk)xksm YefJd*xldk'ksi'[ LigjH vjhG ilpj&k. T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê eyuk'kî Þ~j;~*X c[Flej)k'fjsRy Lmjc[Flr; :glPr éiUlwalujê rHds/mk' ér~jalG, QOhjul)X, c&gjfGê fkm*juigksm YefJd; éYefj<[A, goe;, wly-~j;~;ê K!l)H :dk'kàà : :glPUgksm goejshl, :dlg*xjshl, éSegkdxjshlê, Sdlh*xjshl :n[ LiG YefJd; éYefj<[A, goe;, wly- ~j;~;ê K!l)jujgk'f[ï :glPURalG)[ edgalujMk;, Ligksm c[Flr[ rjGkilrkaln[ Ligf[ c[Flej&jgk'f[. Lf#lsf ~kÓjuk= :gk;fs' d#kdX sdlS!l, ag; sdlS!l siyksf goe*X éYefj<[A, goe;, wly-~j;~;ê sdljuk!l)kduk; ejs' Lf[ f*xksm sspiik;, :glPUrkalsn'[ ilpj)kduk; sv$kduj#àà t'lH LiG Lfjhosm f*X :glPr éiUlwalujê rHdk' ér~jalG, QOhjul)X, c&gjfG… fkm*juêisg :n[ Srl)j)!jgk'f[…ß (220/2 :‫ا ن‬ ‫. )إ‬ :Pkrjdgk; eOglnjdgkalu éQOhjul)xksmê wlylglPdG - D~ylglPdG ijCIcj&jgk'f[ éijCIcj)k'f[ê D~yjH djm)k'iG f*X)[ L#l|kijsRy Lmk[ CkelGC éCElLf[ê sv$ksa'ln[à LFil, : D~yjH djm)k'iG f*xksm :iCUeoGJdgnjr[ L#l|kikaluj aPUc[F; éTmSM;ê i|j)ksa'[ LiG é: iqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*Xê ijCIcj&k. LiG eyÉf[ Tfln[î AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: (3 : ‫)ا‬ ""Ah¶p (AÃmlphn¶v) ]pdsa Huenbm¡sf (c£m[nImcnIsf, ssZhs¯, Bcm[ys) kzoIcn¨hÀ (]dbp¶p:) AÃmlphn¦te¡v R§Ä¡v (B apivcn¡pIÄ¡v, hgntISnemb apÉo§Ä¡v) IqSpX ASp¯ _Ôw D−m¡n¯cphm³ th−n am{XamIp¶p R§Ä Ahsc (B CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 48 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 49. Huenbm¡sfbpw, c£m[nImcnIsfbpw, _namscbpw aäpw... hnfn¨p {]mÀ°, tÀ¨, _enþAdhv… AÀ¸n¨v) Bcm[n¡p¶Xv.'' (JpÀ-B³ 39: 3). AÃmlp ho−pw ]dbp¶p: (18 : ‫)ی‬ ""AhÀ¡v D]{Zhtam D]Imctam sN¿m¯Xns AhÀ (B apivcn¡pIÄ, hgntISnemb apÉo§Ä) AÃmlphnv ]pdsa Bcm[n¨p sIm−ncn¡p¶p. ChÀ (B hymP Bcm[yÀ) AÃmlphnsâ ASp¡Â R§Ä¡pÅ i^mA¯p(ip]mÀi)¡mÀ BWv F¶v ]dbpIbpw sN¿p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 10: 18). t'lH, Ly~jdxjsh vjh akC[gj)kdX é~j;~lglPdGê K;, ssYdc[figjsh vjhgk; ilpj&jgk'f[ LiG :glPj&jgk'iG L#l|kijsRy cÔlralsn'lujgk'kàà Ly~jdxjsh akC[gj)kdX é~j;~lglPdGê ah)kdX L#l|kijsRy seNa)xldk'ksi'[ eyÉ[ Lisg :glPj&kàà ssYdc[fiG TOclr~j éSuCkê L#l|kijsRy adrlsn'[ eyÉ[ LS`|s éSuCkijsrê :glPj&kàà 3- TO iUlwc(He*X)k= aykemjdXî akdxjH ijCpal)ju akqkiR iUlwc(He*X)k; L#l|k fs' aykemj éfl)Jf[ê eyuk'k![. 1- ~j;~lglPdG)k;, L#l|ki#lisg :glPj)k'iG)k; éLFil, r~jalgksm ~j;~*sxuk;, agj& QOhjul)xksmuk; aËk; SegjH c[Flej& wly- ~j;~*sxuk; aËk; :glPruksm Tr*xluî YelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj-Lyi[ LG/j&[ :glPj)k'iG)[ê aykemjuluj L#l|k ijCkÓ DkG:R eyuk'kî (20 ،19 : ‫)ا‬ . CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 49 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 50. ""em¯sbbpw DÊsbbpw ]än n§Ä Nn´n¨p tm¡nbn«pt−m? thsd aq¶maXmbpÅ am¯sb ]änbpw.'' (JpÀB³ 53: 19, 20) :ujsRy LGÒ; DkGfIk~j éy|ja.ê eyÉf[ Selshuln[î Þrj*X TO sspi*sx d!kSil? L#l|kijrk= :glPrujH e(k SvG)kilR éLFil, L#l|kijr[ ekysa TO iUlw sspi*sx rj*X :glPUØlgluj cIJdgj)kilRê LiG rj*X)[ i# KedlgSal, KeYpiSal égÊsul - CjÊsulê svu[fkSil? Yeilvdrk; cI|l~jdxk; ijYz|*sxuk;, ér~jalgksm ~j;~*sxuk;, agj& QOhjul)xksmuk; aËk; SegjH c[Flej& wly-~j;~*sxuk;ê f&km)kduk;, fdG)kduk; svu[fS/lX Lf[ cIu; fmk)kilR : ijYz|*X)[ éwly-~j;~*X)[ê clPj&kSil?. L#l|k eyuk'kî . . . . (74-69 :‫اء‬ ‫)ا‬ . ""C{_mlow(_n )ansâ hr¯m´hpw AhÀ¡v o hmbn¨p tIĸn¡pI. AXmbXv n§Ä Fs´m¶nsbmWv Bcm[n¨p sIm−ncn¡p¶Xv F¶v Xsâ ]nXmhntmSpw, Xsâ P§tfmSpw At±lw tNmZn¨ kµÀ`w. AhÀ ]dªp: "R§Ä Nne hn{Kl§sf Bcm[n¡pIbpw AhbpsS ap¼n `Pancn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p'. At±lw ]dªp: "n§Ä {]mÀ°n¡pt¼mÄ AhÀ (B hn{Kl§Ä, acn¨ Huenbm¡Ä, acn¨ _namÀ) AXv tIÄ¡ptam? AYhm, AhÀ n§Ä¡v D]Imctam D]{Zhtam (c£sbm in£sbm) sN¿ptam? AhÀ ]dªp: "CÃ, (]s£) R§fpsS ]nXm¡Ä A{]Imcw sN¿p¶Xmbn R§Ä I−ncn¡p¶p (AXv R§fpw AÔambn ]n³XpSÀ¶p F¶v am{Xw).'' (JpÀB³ 26: 69þ74). ijYz|*X)[ ér~jalgksm ~j;~*X)[, agj& QOhjul)X)[, wly-~j;~*X)k; aËk;ê dlnkilSrl, YelGÒrdX SdX)kilSrl, gÊj)kilsrl CjÊj)kilsrl éKedlgSal KeYpiSalê sv$kilSrl clPj)kduj#lsu'fjH CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 50 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 51. Lfk!l)juigk; éLfjsr :glPj&igk;ê Sulwj&jgk'k. t'lH Lisu LiG :glPj&jgk'f[ f*xksm eoG%jd ejfl)ØlG Lisu :glPj&jgk'fksdl![, ejfl)ØlG svu[ff[ Lr[Paluj Lrkdgj)kd t' rUlu; sdl!lujgk'k. Lfksdl![ fs' afjH Lr[Paluj Lrkdgj)H éfD[hJp[ê sfËk;, rj<jÓikaldk'kàà 2- Szlx*sxuk;, cogUsruk;, vYÕsruk; :glPj)k'iG)[ L#l|k aykemj éfl)Jf[ê rHdk'kî (54 :‫اف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""kqcysbpw N{µsbpw £{X§sfbpw Xsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) IÂ]bv¡p hnt[bam¡s¸« nebn (AÃmlp krjvSn¨ncn¡p¶p.).'' (JpÀB³ 7: 54). (37 : ) ""Ahsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) ZrjvSm´§fn s]«Xs{X cmhpw ]Iepw kqcypw N{µpw. kqcyt¶m, N{µt¶m n§Ä {]Wmaw (kpPqZv, Bcm[) sN¿cpXv. Ahsb krjvSn¨hmb AÃmlphn¶v n§Ä {]Wmaw (kpPqZv, Bcm[) sN¿pI; n§Ä Ahs (AÃmlphns) BWv Bcm[n¡p¶sX¦nÂ.'' (JpÀB³ 41: 37). 3- ah)kdsxuk;, TOclr~j éSuCkêijsruk; :glPj&iG)[ L#l|k aykemjuluj éfl)Jf[ê eyuk'kî (91 :‫ﻡ ن‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlp bmsXmcp k´ms¯bpw kzoIcn¨n«nÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 23: 91). (101 :‫م‬ ‫)ا‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 51 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 52. ""Ah¶v (AÃmlphn¶v) F§s Hcp k´map−mIpw? Ahs¶mcp Iq«pImcnbpanÃtÃm?'' (JpÀB³ 6: 101). (4-3 :‫)ا ﺥ ص‬ . ""Ah³ (AÃmlp) (BÀ¡pw) P³aw ÂInbn«nÃ. (BcpsSbpw k´Xnbmbn) Pn¨n«panÃ. Ah¶v (AÃmlphn¶v) Xpeymbn Bcpw CÃXmpw.'' (JpÀB³ 114: 3, 4). * * * YeeÖik;, akqkiR c{<[mjdxk;, éLiuksmsu#l; c{<[mliluê L#l|kijsr Lrkcgj)k'k - dJsqlfk*k'k :dlC;, >oaj, aËk Szlx*X, LÔgJÊ;, wJijdX, d#kdX, dg, dmH, ah)kdX, wj'kdX, ark<UG fkm*ju YeeÖjsh L#l|kijsRy akqkiR c{<[mjdxk; L#l|kijr[ dJsqlfk*kduk;, L#l|kijsRy YeeÖrjuas Lrkcgj)k'igkaln[à L#l|k eyuk'kî (83 :‫ان‬ ‫)ل‬ ""(hmkvXh¯nÂ) BImi§fnepw `qanbnepw DÅhscÃmw ApkcWtbmsStbm nÀ_ÔnXamtbm Ah¶v (AÃmlphn¶v) Iogvs¸«ncn¡pIbmWv.'' (JpÀB³ 3: 83). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 52 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 53. (116 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""BImi`qanIfnepÅsXÃmw Xs¶ Ahsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) XmIp¶p. FÃmhcpw Ah¶v (AÃmlphn¶v) Iogvs¸«ncn¡p¶hcmIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 116). (49 : ‫)ا‬ ""BImi§fnepÅXpw `qanbnepÅXpamb GsXmcp Pohnbpw AÃmlphnv kpPqZv sN¿p¶p ({]Wan¡p¶p, AÃmlphnsâ alXzs¯ hmgv¯ns¡m−ncn¡p¶p, ]cnip²nsb hmgv¯p¶p, Iogvs¸Sp¶p), ae¡pIfpw (AÃmlphnv kpPqZv sN¿p¶p.) AhÀ Al¦mcw Sn¡p¶nÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 16: 49). (18 : ‫)ا‬ ""BImi§fnepÅhcpw (ae¡pIfpw), `qanbnepÅhcpw, kqcypw N{µpw £{X§fpw, ]ÀÆX§fpw hr£§fpw P´p¡fpw, apjycn Ipsdt]cpw AÃmlphnv {]Wmaw (kpPqZv) AÀ¸n¨p sIm−ncn¡p¶p (AÃmlphnsâ alXzs¯ hmgv¯nsIm−ncn¡p¶p, ]cnip²nsb hmgv¯p¶p) F¶v o I−ntÃ?'' (JpÀB³ 22: 18). (15 : ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphn¶mWv BImi§fnepw `qanbnepw DÅhscÃmw kzatÊmsSbpw nÀ_ÔnXcmbn«pw {]Wmaw sNbvXpsIm−ncn¡p¶Xv (AÃmlphnsâ alXzs¯ hmgv¯nsIm−ncn¡p¶Xv, ]cnip²nsb hmgv¯n sIm−ncn¡p¶Xv, Iogvs¸«p sIm−ncn¡p¶Xv). {]`mX§fnepw CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 53 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 54. kmbmlv§fnepw AhcpsS ngepIfpw (AÃmlphn¶v {]Wmaw sN¿p¶p.).'' (JpÀB³ 13: 15). TO YeeÖik;, Lfjsh akqkiR c{<[mjdxk; L#l|kijr[ dJsqlfk*k'igk;, L#l|kijsRy KgilpjfIjH éLPjdlgjHê KXs/Miukaln[. Lisu#l; L#l|kijsRy KS`Cjrk;, LisRy dHer L;zJdgj&kaln[ cÖgj&k sdl!jgj)k'f[. LfjH L#l|kijsr Q'k; é:gk;ê fs' Pj)gj)k'j#. LfjcoÊ[aaluj, iUic[Flejfaluj Lisu#l; Liuksm SwlhjdX rjG%|j)kduk;, LfjsRy Eh*X rHdkduk; svu[fksdl!jgj)k'k. t#lijP ~h|JrfujH rj'k;, Selglu[adxjH rj'k; Liuksm c{<[mli[ éL#l|kê egjCkÓrlujgj)k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (44 :‫)ا ﺱ اء‬ ""Ggv BImi§fpw `qanbpw AhbnepÅhcpw Ahsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) ]cnip²nsb {]IoÀ¯n¡p¶p bmsXmcp hkvXphpw Ahs (AÃmlphns) kvXpXn¨v sIm−v (AÃmlphnsâ) ]cnip²nsb {]IoÀ¯n¡m¯Xmbn CÃ. ]s£ AhcpsS IoÀ¯w n§Ä {Kln¡pIbnÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 17: 44). TO c{<[mjdX akqkirk; - LfjH :Cuijrjau; rmk'igk; rmligk;, wJirk=fk; wJirj#lfk; t#l; fs' L#l|kijsr Lrkcgj)k'igk;, YeleÖjd rjua*X)[ djsqlfk*juiukaln[. Tsf#l; fs' éTiuksmsu#l; c{<[mli[ê L#l|k cG%ijP Selglu[adxjH rj'k;, rUorfdxjH rj'k; t#l LGÒjhk; egjCkÓrlsn'[ c[Flej)k'k. TO c{<[mjdsx c;~r[Pj&[ ~kÓjalRalG vjÔj)kSÙlX Tisu#l; ulFlGÒUjrluj ulFlGÒUaluj éKS`CUSlsm, hÊUSsmê c{<[mj)s/Miulsn'[ arÍjhl)kilR clPj)k;. Lisu#l; fs' Qgk goejhk; cIu; rjuYÔj)lR clPj)lsf LfjsRy c{<[mlijsRy rjuYÔnjhosm cÖgj )k'iuln[. Tsf#l; fs' Ligksm CkÓYed{fjujH CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 54 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 55. éEjf[yjHê Lisg#l; Qgk c{<[mlijsr éL#l|kijsrê L;zJdgj)k'igln[ t'[ sfxjuj)k'k. ssCDkH Tc[hl; éT~[rk ssfaj$È y|ja.ê eyuk'kî ÞLiG L#l|kijr[ dJsqlfk*juigk;, caG/jfgk;, >u>d[fjuk=igk;, rjG^r[Pjfgkaln[.ß TO dlgU; iUfUc[F alGz*xjhosm arÍjhl)l;. 1- c{<[mjdX akqkirk; f*xksm c{<[mlijSrlm[ éL#l|kijSrlm[ê f*xksm :iCU*X clPj)k'fjr[ rjG^r[Paluk; :YCuj)k'igln[. 2- LfkSelsh, c{<[mli[ éL#l|kê sRy aCJL[ éKS`CU;êjsRyuk; dqjijsRyuk; Lmjc[FlrjH LiG Lir[ dJsqlfk*kduk;, caG/j)kduk; sv$k'igldk'k. 3- rjG^r[Pjflic[FujH LiG évjh LijCIlcjdX isgê L#l|kijSrlm[ alYf; YelGÒj)kduk; sv$k'k. cfUijCIlcj éakc[hj;ê LrkcgnSulsm éTc[hlajd rjua*X Lrkcgj&[ wJij&[ê L#l|kijr[ dJsqlfk*kduk;, éark<UsRy ssd YeiGj& sfËkdX)[ L#l|kijSrlm[ eleSalvr; Sfmjê YeC[r*xjH Êaj)kduk;, L#l|k dHej&f[ ÊaSulsm LrkcgnSulsm LiR wJijfjH edGkduk; sv$k'k. Lirln[ L#l|kijr[ LrkcgnSulsm dJsqlfk*kduk;, LrkcgnSulsm caG/j)kduk; svu[fiR éakc[hj;ê. (45/1 :‫ع ا وى‬ ‫.)ﻡ‬ t'lH LijCIlcj édlEjGê éTc[hlajd rjua*X Lrkcgj&jMjs#(jhk;ê fsRy y^jsRy YeleÖjd dHer)[ djsqlfk*juirln[, YeeÖjH t#ligksmuk; ckwop[ éYenla;ê sdl![ KS`Cj)k'f[ L#l|kijr[ dJsqlfk*hln[, t#lËjsRyuk; ckwop[ édJsqlfk*Hê LfjsRy Lic[F)rkcgj&ldk'k. QlSgl'jrk; Sulwj)k' goejH fsRy y^jr[ dJsqlfk*k' goejhldk'k Liuksmsu#l; ckwop[. LfkSelsh t#lËjsRyuk; fc[~J|[ éL#l|kijsRy a|fIs ilq[js)l!jgj)k'f[, LisRy egjCkÓjsu ilq[js)l!jgj)k'f[, L#l|kijr[ dJq[s/Mksdl!jgj)k'f[ê CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 55 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 56. Liuksm goeZmru[)rkcgj&ln[, Lf[ ulFlGÒUaln[, :h(lgjd YeSulza#ß. flsq igk' :ujsr ijCpJdgj&[ sdl![ ssCDkH Tc[hl; éT~[rk ssfaj$È y|ja.ê eyuk'kî (83 :‫ان‬ ‫)ل‬ ""At¸mÄ AÃmlphnsâ aXw (Ckvemw) AÃm¯ aäp hà aXhpamtWm AhÀ B{Kln¡p¶Xv? (hmkvXh¯nÂ) BImi§fnepw `qanbnepw DÅhscÃmw ApkcWtbmsStbm nÀ_ÔnXamtbm Ah¶v (AÃmlphn¶v) Iogvs]«ncn¡pIbmWv. Ahnte¡v Xs¶bmWv AhÀ aS¡s¸Sp¶Xpw.'' (JpÀB³ 3: 83). ssCDkH Tc[hl; éT~[rk ssfaj$È y|ja.ê eyuk'kî Þc{<[mjdX akqkirk; L#l|kijr[ rjG^r[PjfalSul, LrkcgnSulsmSul dJsqlfk*jujgj)k'k t'[ TO :ujH eyuk'k. dlgn; akqkiR c{<[mjdxk; Lir[ éL#l|kijr[ê egjeoGnaluj :glPrdX LG/j)k'k, Lf[ L;zJdgj&lhk; Ts#(jhk; Cgj. dlgn; Lisu#l; fs' L#l|kijsRy dHer)k;, rjuYÔnjrk; ijSPugk;, rjG^r[PjfalSul LrkcgnlShl dJsqlfk*juigkaln[. Qgk c{<[mj)k; fs' LisRy ijPjrjGÑujH rjS'l, KS`CjH rjS'l eky[ SeldkilR clPUa#. dqjik;, Yefleik; L#l|kijr[ alYfaldk'k. LiR TgkShld gÊjflik;, Liuksm Kmac[Frkaln[. LiR KS`Cj)k' goejH c{<[mjdsx rjuYÔj)k'k. LiR Liuksmsu#l; c{<[mlik;, K!l)juirk;, goes/mkjuirkaldk'k. Lir#lsf#l; c{<[mjdxk;, K!l)s/Migk;, pgjYpgk;, :iCUak=igk;, :glPj)k'igkaln[. L#l|k egaegjCkÓrk;, ]drk;, cG%lPjdlgjuk;, c{<[mlik;, em&irk;, goes/mkk'irk; Lirln[ß. (20/10 :‫)ﻡ ع ا وى‬ * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 56 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 57. c{<[mlijsr éL#l|kijsrêuk; LisRy ]dfIsuk; eAj/j)kilR ijCkÓ DkG:R dlnj&kf' alGzSgD c{<[mlijsruk; LisRy ]dfIsuk; eAj/j)kilrluj ijCkÓ DkG:R dlnj&kf' gJfjClc[Yf; svl%lu ark<U CkÓYed{fj)k; - rj<[)x(alu ~kÓj)k; Cgj)k; Sulwj)k' gJfjujhln[. LFil, Lf[ eAj/j)k'f[ ~kÓjsu c;f{e[fjs/mkk' gJfjujhk;, tfjglxjdsx ckgÊjfal)k' goejhk=fkalu Cgjulu sfxjikdxjhosmuldk'k. Li flsq ijCpJdgj)k'kî 1- Qgk ic[fk c{<[mj)s/MlH rjG^r[Paluk; LfjsRy c{<[mli[ K!lujgj)k; t'f[ Lyjus/mk' Qgk dlgUaln[. TO vjÔ ark<UgjH Yed{fjujH rj'k=fln[. svyju dkÉk*X)[ Selhk; Tf[ Lyjul;. Qgk dkÉjsr :sg(jhk; Lmj&k, t'lH Lmj&isr : dkÉ[ d!j#lsu(jH Selhk; LiR Svlpj)k;î ã:glsns' Lmj&f[?ä t'[. t'lH LiSrlm[ :gk; rjs' Lmj&jMj#lsu'[ eyÉlH, Lmj&iR T#lsf éfs'lsr :n[ê frj)[ Lmj h>j&f[ t'[ c+fj)kilR LisRy ~kÓj c+fj)kduj#à ayj&[, T' iUd[fjuln[ rjs' Lmj&f[ t'[ eyÉlH Lmj&isr fjgj&mj)k'f[ isg LiR dguk'fln[à Tf[sdl!ln[ L#l|k eyuk'f[î (35 :‫ر‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AXÃ, bmsXmcp hkvXphn n¶paÃmsX (Xnsb) AhÀ krjvSn¡s¸«ncn¡pIbmtWm? AXÃ, AhÀ Xs¶bmtWm krjvSm¡Ä?'' (JpÀB³ 52: 35). Tf[ éc{<[mlijsr dkyj&[ vjÔj&[ arÍjhl)kilrk=ê d{fUik;, Cgjulu goeikalu Qgk ijCpJdgnaln[. Qgj)hk; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 57 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 58. f=jdxukilR dqjul goejH, rjG^r[Paluk; LyjÉjgjS)! SvlpUgoejH L#l|k Tf[ Svlpj&jgj)k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (35 :‫ر‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AXÃ, bmsXmcp hkvXphn n¶paÃmsX (Xnsb) AhÀ krjvSn¡s¸«ncn¡pIbmtWm?'' (JpÀB³ 52: 35). Lfluf[ Qgk c{<[mlij#lsfulSnl LiG c{<[mj)s/Mf[? Lf# LiG cIu; fs' c{<[mj)s/MiglSnl? t'lH Lf[ éc{<[mlij#lsf cIu; c{<[mj)s/mHê Qgj)hk; Cgju#àà akdxjH eyÉ g![ dlgU*xk; rjgGÒdaln[. LS/lX LiG)[ Qgk c{<[mliks!'[ iUd[falik; éc+fj)s/mk;ê. : c{<[mli[ éLigksm t#l iUlwsspi*xksmuk; pOG~hU*xjH rjs'#l;ê egjCkÓrlu ]dsspi; - L#l|k :dk'k. Lir#lsf asËlgk c{<[mlik; T# fs'. L#l|k eyuk'kî (11 :‫ن‬ ) ""CsXms¡ ({]]©w) AÃmlphnsâ krjvSnbmIp¶p. F¶m Ah¶p (AÃmlphn¶p) ]pdsabpÅhÀ (n§Ä Bcm[n¡p¶hÀ: tbip, acn¨pt]mb Huenbm¡·mÀ, _namÀ, Pmdþ_nw_§Ä XpS§nbhÀ) krjvSn¨n«pÅXv F´msW¶v n§Ä Fn¡v ImWn¨pXcq.'' (JpÀB³ 31: 11). (4 :‫ف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""`qanbn AhÀ (Bcm[n¡p¶ hymPssZh§Ä: tbip, acn¨pt]mb Huenbm¡·mÀ, _namÀ, Pmdþ_nw_§Ä XpS§nbhÀ) F´mWv krjvSn¨n«pÅsX¶v n§Ä Fn¡v ImWn¨pXcq.'' (JpÀB³ 46: 4) (16 : ‫)ا‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 58 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 59. ""AXÃ, AÃmlphnv ]pdsa AhÀ ]¦mfnIÄ (Bcm[yÀ) B¡n sh¨hÀ, Ah³ (AÃmlp) krjvSn¡p¶Xv t]mse¯s¶ krjvSn¸v S¯nbn«v (Ccp hn`mK¯nsâbpw) krjvSnIÄ AhÀ¡v Xncn¨dnbmXmhpIbmtWm D−mbXv? ]dbpI: "AÃmlphs{X FÃm hkvXp¡fpsSbpw krjvSmhv. Ah³ (AÃmlp) GIpw kÀÆm[n]XnbpamIp¶p'.'' (JpÀB³ 13: 16). (73 : ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlphnv ]pdsa n§Ä hnfn¨p {]mÀ°n¡p¶hÀ (tbip, acn¨pt]mb Huenbm¡·mÀ, _namÀ, Pmdþ_nw_§Ä XpS§nbhÀ) Hcp Cu¨sbt¸mepw krjvSn¡pIbnÃ. AXn¶mbn AhscÃmhcpw H¯ptNÀ¶m t]mepw (AhÀ¡v IgnbnÃ!).''(JpÀB³ 22: 73) (20 : ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphnv ]pdsa n§Ä Bscsbms¡ (Huenb, _namÀ, _nw_w XpS§nbhsb Hs¡) hnfn¨v {]mÀ°n¨v sIm−ncn¡p¶pthm AhÀ (B hnfn¨v {]mÀ°n¡s¸Sp¶hÀ) bmsXm¶pw krjvSn¡p¶nÃ. AhcmIs« krjvSn¡s¸Sp¶hcpamWv.'' (JpÀB³ 16: 20) (17 : ‫)ا‬ ""At¸mÄ, krjvSn¡p¶h³ (AÃmlp) krjvSn¡m¯hsc t]msebmtWm? n§sf´mWv BtemNn¨v aÊnem¡m¯Xv?'' (JpÀB³ 16: 17) ijCkÓ DkG:rjsRy rjgÔgaluk= TO si#kijxj cIJdgj&[ sdl![ T'kisg :gk; fs' flR tÔjsrsu(jhk; éL#l|k c{<[mj)k' Selsh CorUfujH rj'[ê c{<[mj&ksi'[ ilpj&jMj#à siyksf Selhk; fG)j&jMj#àà LS/lX L#l|kiln[ uFlGÒ c{<[mlsi'k;, éL#l|kijsRy Cd[fjujshl, dqjijshl, :glPr)[ LG|rldkilrk= LidlCjshlê ulsflgk e(kdlgk; éfk#UØlgk;, CgJ)k;, CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 59 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 60. CjG)[ SvGk= ijCIlcik;ê T#lsu'k; iUd[faluj. éLH|;pkhj#l|[ê. 2- ShldjsRy YdaJdgnik;, d{fUfuk; éQgk c{<[mlijsr dlnj)k'kêî TO Shldik;, LfjsRy YdaJdgnik;, d{fUalu cÔkhfuk; dkyj)k'f[î Lfjr[ Qgk ]drlu c{<[mli[ é:u sspi;î L#l|kê Ks!'k;, Lir[ e(kdlgrlSul, LiSrlm[ fG)j)k'irlSul :gkaj#lsu'k; :dk'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (91 :‫ﻡ ن‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlp bmsXmcp k´ms¯bpw kzoIcn¨n«nÃ. AhtmsSm¸w bmsXmcp ssZhhpap−mbn«nÃ. A§sbmbncp¶psh¦n Hmtcm ssZhhpw Xm³ krjvSn¨Xpambn t]mbn¡fbpIbpw, Ahcn NneÀ Nnesc ASn¨aÀ¯pIbpw sN¿pambncp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 23: 91). TO cod[f*X covj/j)k'f[î uFlGÒ sspi;, éCorUfujH rj'[ê c{<[mj&[ egjelhj)k' c{<[mli[ :ujgjS)!fk![ t'fln[. t'lH egjCkÓrlu L#l|kijSrlsml/; ulsflgk e(kdlgkaj#, éL#l|kijsRy Cd[fjujshl, dqjijshl, :glPr)[ LG|rldkilrk= LidlCjshl ulsflgk e(kdlgk;, fk#UØlgk;, CgJ)k; - CjG)k; T#ê, L#l|k TfjH rjs'#l; egaegjCkÓrln[. c{<[mjdX f*xksm KgilpjfI*X d{fUaluj rjG%|j)k'k ]H/j)s/M KgilpjfI; rjG%|j)kduj#lsu'[ eyuk'iSgl, LfjH rj'[ ejÔjgjuk'iSgl :ujMk= Qgk c{<[mjukaj#. Tfln[ EjGQOR aoclr~j Sulm[ sfxji[ ejmj&k Svlpj&f[î (49 : ) CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 60 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 61. ""Ah³ (^nÀHu³) tNmZn¨p: "tl; aqkm, At¸mÄ BcmWv n§fpsS c−v t]cpsSbpw (aqkmbpsSbpw ktlmZc³ lmdqsâbpw) dºv (krjvSn¨p kwc£n¡p¶ ssZhw)?'.'' (JpÀB³ 20: 49) Lfjr[ aocl sRy aykemj ijCkÓ DkG:rjH eyuk'kî (50 : ) ""At±lw (aqkm ) ]dªp: "Hmtcm hkvXphnpw (PohnIÄ¡pw) AXnsâ krjvSn¸v þ {]IrXw ÂIpIbpw, F¶n«v (AXnv) tÀhgn ImWn¡pIbpw sNbvXhmtcm Ahs{X R§fpsS dºv (krjvSn¨p kwc£n¡p¶ ssZhw)'.'' (JpÀB³ 20: 50) LFil, r+ksm y^[ éL#l|k - sspi;ê :n[ t#lËjsruk; c{<[mj&f[, QlSgl c{<[mjdX)k; LiG)[ LrkSulwUalu goe; éc{<[mj, Zmrê rHdjufk; L#l|kiln[. CgJgjsRy ihk/ik; svyk/ik;, aPUc[Ffuk;, akqkiR ijSC<n*xk; rHdkduk;, ejs' tÔ[ hÊUjr[ Si!julSnl QlSgl c{<[mjdxk; c{<[mj)s/Mf[ LfjSh)[ alGzpGCr; rHdkduk; sv$k'k. TO alGzpGCr; S~lPrjsRyuk;, covruksmuk; alGzpGCraln[. t#l c{<[mjdX)k; LrkSulwUalu alGzpGCralnf[. QlSgl c{<[mjdxk; flR tÔjrk Si!juln[ c{<[mj)s/Msf'k;, frj)kedlgak=fk;, KeYpiak=fk; tsÔ#lalsn'k; LiG fjgj&yjuk'kà a{z*X)[ Selhk; frj)[ Kedlgak=sfÔlsn'k;, KeYpi; sv$k'sfÔlsn'k; ds!kilrk= alGzpGCr; rHds/MjMk![à LfkSelh, flR c{<[mj)s/MfjsRy YePlr KS`CU; tÔln[ t'[ ds!kilrk= dlgU*xk; L#l|k rHdjujgj)k'k. Tfln[ L#l|k eyuk'f[î (7 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Xm³ (AÃmlp) krjvSn¨ FÃm hkvXp¡sfbpw t{iãw (icnbmbXv, AptbmPyambXv) B¡nbhs{X Ah³ (AÃmlp).'' (JpÀB³ 32: 7) CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 61 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 62. akqkiR c{<[mjdsxuk; c{<[mj&irk;, QlSgl c{<[mjdX)k; ckÕgalu goe; rHdjuirk; - L#l|k rHdju goeS)lX ckÕgalu Qgk goeik; Qgk ~kÓj)k; goes/mkkilR clPUa#à - t#lËjrk; LfjSRyflu rØujSh)[ alGzpGCr; rmjuirkaln[ uFlGÒjH y^[ ésspi; - L#l|kê. Lisr rjS<Pj)k'f[ ]Ëik; ihju Pj)lgik;, dxik;, L|(lgikaln[àà QlSgl c{<[mjdX)k; TO Shld[ cODU wJijfjr[ Si! akqkiR dlgU*xk; rHdjuf[ L#l|k éalYf;ê :n[, fkmG'[ LiG)[ t#lrjh)k; KedlgYepalu dlgU*xjSh)[ alGzpGCr; rHdjufk; Lirln[. QlSgl Tr*X)k; Lfjr[ Sulwj)k' goeik;, :d{fjuk; rHdjuirk;ï c[YfJ)k;, ekgk<rk; Ligksm tfjG hj;zikaluj egc[eg :dG<njrk;, ssiil|jd wJijfjrk; Kfdk'ijP; Sulwj)kilrk;, Qgkaj)kilrk; Si! d{fUalu goeSgD rHdjuirk;ï QlSgl Liui*X)k; Kedgj)k' goe; rHdjuirk; :glSnl LiR fs'uln[ t#ljsRyuk; c{<[mli[ éy^[ - sspi; - L#l|kê t' dlgUjH ulsflgk c;Cuikaj#. Lfksdl![ fs' LiR alYfsa :glPr)G|rldkduk=o, aËlgk; LfjrG|g# fs'… Qgk dij eyuk'kî ‫ـ أ ـ وا ـ‬ ‫ــ ل‬ ‫ی‬ ‫آ ﺵ ء‬ ‫و‬ Þt#lËjhkak![ LisRy Qgk p{<[mlÔ;ï Tf[ LiR éc{<[mlilu L#l|kê Qgkirlsn'[ dkyj)k'k.ß egjCkÓrlu L#l|kijsRy yk~o~j$È éYeeÖ; c{<[mj&[ egjelhj)k' c{<[mjdGf{IjHêhk= ]dfI; t'f[ iUd[fal)k'f[î ããLiR éYeeÖ; c{<[mj&[ egjelhj)k' L#l|kê alYfaln[ :glPr)G|R t'k;, :glPr)[ LG|R :dkilrk= LidlCjH L#l|kijr[ ulsflgk e(kdlgrj#lsu'k; :dk'k. LfjH ulsflgk c;Cuikaj#.ää ark<UR fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È éYeeÖ; c{<[mj&[ egjelhj)k'f[ L#l|k alYfalsn'[ê L;zJdgj)kduk;, t'lH, fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È é:glPr)G|R L#l|k CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 62 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 63. alYf; :dk'k t'f[ê L;zJdgj)lfjgj)kdSul, Lfs#(jH Cgjulu goejH é:glPruksm t#l Tr*xk; L#l|kijr[ alYf; LG/j&[ê LfkYedlg; wJij)lfjgj)kdSul svu[flhk;ï éSrsg ayj&[ fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È L;zJdgj)kduk;, fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È L;zJdgj)lfjgj)kduk; svu[flhk;ê LiR Qgk uFlGÒ akc[hjaldkduj# - LFil Qgk aki|[|jp[ éL#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)k'iR, ]dsspilglPdRê :dkduj#. LiR Qgk dlEjyk;, cfUrjS<Pjukalujgj)k;. Tfln[ Lmk LÓUlujH rl; vG& sv$k'f[. * * * fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$Èuk;, fO|Jp[ LH- Kho|j$Èuk; egc[eg; SvG'jgj)k'k Q'[î fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È ( ‫ا‬ ) :sg(jhk; L#l|kijsRy yk~o~j$Èsu L;zJdgj&lH LFil, TO YeeÖjr[ L#l|ki#lsf asËlgk c{<[mlik;, L'plflik;, c;gÊdrk; rjuYÔdrk; T#lsu'[ L;zJdgj&lH - arÍjhl)julHï : c{<[mj/jsRyuk; éc{<[mjdxksmuk;ê Kmac[Frk; c;gÊdrkalu egjCkÓrlu L#l|k alYfaln[ é: c{<[mjdxksmê akqkiR :glPrdX)k; LG|R t'[ L;zJdgj)H rjG^r[Paluj igk'k. Tf[ éLFil, L#l|kijr[ alYf; :glPrdX LG/j)Hê :n[ fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È t'f[ sdl![ ijiÊj)k'f[. Kho|j$[ t'[ eyÉlH :glPruln[. LH-Thl|[ t'fjsRy LGÒ; :glPj)s/mk'iR éL#l|kê t'ln[. LS/lX, :glPruksm Tr*xlu ijxj&kYelGÒr, Tc[fjzlF éc;gÊnjrk= YelGÒrê, Tc[fj:r éc|lujrk= YelGÒrê, fi)kH égÊSfmj >gSaHej)Hê, p~|[ é~hj- Lyi[ê, rp[G éSrG&ê fkm*ju :glPruksm akqkiR Tr*xk; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 63 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 64. L#l|kijr#lsf LG/j)kilR elmj#. LFil, ijxj&kYelGÒr éTc[fjzlF, Tc[fj:r fkm*juiê L#l|kijSrlm#lsf elmj#, fi)kH égÊSfmj >gSaHej)Hê L#l|kijSrlm#lsf elmj#, ~hjuk; SrG&uk; L#l|kijr#lsf elmj#… fkm*ju :glPruksm akqkiR Tr*xk; L#l|kijSh)[ L#lsf fjgj&kijmlR elmj#. Lfksdl![, fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È éeAj)H - eAj/j)Hê fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È é:glPruksm akqkiR Tr*xk; L#l|kijr[ alYfsa LG/j)kilR elmk=k t'[ê L;zJdgj)kilR - ijCIcj)kilR rjG^r[Paln[ t'[ TfjHrj'[ arÍjhl)l;. Tf[sdl![ fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È rjS<Pj)k'iG)[ ðLFil, :glPruksm Tr*xluî ijxj&kYelGÒr, Tc[fjzlF, Tc[fj:r, fi)kH, p~|[ é~hj-Lyi[ê, rp[G éSrG&ê fkm*jui… agj&kSelu r~jalG)k;, QOhjul)X)k;, ~j;~*X)k; LG/j)k' iqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*X)k;, ~j;~lglPdG)k;ò aykemjuluj :pU; Lisgs)l![ fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È éYeeÖjr[ L#l|ki#lsf asËlgk c{<[mlik;, L'plflik;, c;gÊdrk; rjuYÔdrk; T#l t' fI;ê L;zJdgj/j)kd. ét'lH fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È L;zJdgj)H - ijCIcj)H LiG)[ rjG^r[Paldk;ê, TO fI; L#l|k ijCkÓ DkG:rjH eAj/j)k'kî . (22-21 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""P§tf, n§sfbpw n§fpsS ap³KmanIsfbpw krjvSn¨ n§fpsS dºns (krãmhpw kwc£Ipamb AÃmlphns) n§Ä Bcm[n¡phn³. n§Ä tZmj_m[sb kq£n¨v Pohn¡phm³ th−nbs{X AXv. n§Ä¡v th−n `qansb sa¯bpw BImis¯ taÂ]pcbpw B¡n¯cnIbpw BImi¯v n¶v shÅw sNmcnªpX¶n«v AXv aptJ n§Ä¡v `£n¡phmpÅ ImbvInIÄ DÂ]mZn¸n¨p XcnIbpw CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 64 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 65. sNbvX (dºns n§Ä Bcm[n¡phn³). AXnmÂ, (CsXÃmw) Adnªv sIm−v n§Ä AÃmlphnv ka·msc D−m¡cpXv.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 21, 22). TO cod[fjH L#l|k LiG)[ fO|Jp[ LH- yk~o~j$È éL#l|k alYfaln[ rj*xksmuk; rj*xksm eoG% ejfl)Ølgksmuk; c{<[mlik;, L'plflik;, c;gÊdrk; t' fI;ê eAj/j&fjrk SC<; fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È é: c{<[mlilu L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kd t' fI;ê dHej&k. LFil, :pU; LiG)[ fO|Jp[ LH- yk~o~j$ÈujHs/Mî L#l|k sv$k' c{<[mj/[ - c;gÊj)H eAj/j)kd, Lfluf[ eOglnjdgk; :Pkrjdgkalu wr*sx akqkirk;, :dlC>oajdSxuk; Liu[)jmujhk=fjsruk; c{<[mj)kduk; éc;gÊj)kduk;ê, dlËjsr LPJrs/mkkduk;, aq Ty)kduk;, ccU*sx akx/j)kduk;, ark<Ugksm >Ênalu Eh*X KHelpj/j&kfgkduk;, éark<Ugksm cODU wJijfjrk= ij>i*xk;, Tndsxuk;, cÔlr*sxuk;, il|rcOdgU*xk;, LrkiprJu ckDS>lz*xk;ê t#l; L#l|k svu[fkfgk'k. Lf[sdl![ fs' Tsf#l; svu[fk - c;ijPlrj)k' L#l|kijSrlsml/; Li'k alYfalu :glPrujH :sguk; e([ SvG)kilR elmj#. ark<UsRy CkÓYed{fjuksm alGzaln[ fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È. Lfksdl![ éTO cod[fjHê fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È eAj/j&k sdlmk[ sdl!ln[ L#l|k LigjH fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È c[Flej)k'f[. fJG&uluk; ark<UR :pU; vjÔj)k'f[ LisRy c{<[mj/jsRy Kyijmik;, frj)[ Kedlgak=fjsRyuk;, KeYpiak=fjsRyuk; éLFil, c;gÊj)s/mhjsRyê Kyijmikaldk'k. L*sruk= éc;gÊj)s/mhjsRyê fjg&jH - SfM; c{<[mlijsr ds!k'fjrk;, c{<[mlijsr f{e[fjs/mkk' alGzalu :glPrdxkaluj ~r[Ps/Mk; Tgj)k'k. LS/lX fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È t'f[ fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$ÈujSh)k= dilmaldk'k. Lfksdl!ln[ akC[gj)kdSxlm[ é~j;~lglPdSglm[ê L#l|k TO gJfjujH dlgU; iUd[fal)j sdlmk)k'f[. YeilvdR Srlm[ L#l|k TO goejH éfO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È eAj/j&ksdl![ fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$ÈujSh)k iqjdlnj)kd t' fI;ê c;clgj)kilR dHej)kduk; svu[ff[. L#l|k eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 65 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 66. (89-84 :‫ﻡ ن‬ ‫)ا‬ ""(_ntb,) tNmZn¡pI: "`qanbpw AXnepÅXpw BcpsSXmWv? n§Ä¡dnbmsa¦n (]dbq.)' AhÀ ]dbpw; "AÃmlphntâXv (ssZh¯ntâXv) BsW¶v. o ]dbpI: "F¶m n§Ä (AÃmlphns) BtemNn¨v aÊnem¡p¶ntÃ?' o tNmZn¡pI: "Ggv BImi§fpsS dºv (krãmhpw kwc£Ipw), al¯mb AÀinsâ dºpw BcmIp¶p?' AhÀ ]dbpw: "AÃmlphn¶mIp¶p (krãnIÀXrXzw þ c£mIÀXrXzw)'. o ]dbpI: "F¶m n§Ä (B ssZhs¯) kq£n¡p¶ntÃ?' o tNmZn¡pI: "FÃm hkvXp¡fpsSbpw B[n]Xyw Hcphsâ ssIhi¯nemWv. Ah³ A`bw ÂIp¶p. Ahs¶Xncmbn (FhnsS n¶pw) A`bw e`n¡pIbnÃ. A§sbpÅh³ BcmWv? n§Ä¡dnbmsa¦n (]dbq.)' AhÀ ]dbpw: "(AsXÃmw) AÃmlphn¶pÅXmWv'. o tNmZn¡pI: "]ns¶ F§sbmWv n§Ä (]nimNnsâ) ambmheb¯n s]«pt]mIp¶Xv?'' (JpÀB³ 23: 84 þ 89). (102 :‫م‬ ‫)ا‬ ""A§sbpÅhmWv n§fpsS dºmb (krãmhpw kwc£Ipamb) AÃmlp. (bYmÀ°¯nÂ) AhÃmsX bmsXmcp ssZhhpanÃ. FÃm hkvXp¡fpsSbpw krjvSmhmWv Ah³. AXnm Ahs n§Ä Bcm[n¡pI.'' (JpÀB³ 6: 102) yk~o~j$ÈujH éYeeÖjsRy c{<[mlik;, L'plflik;, c;gÊdrk; rjuYÔdrk; L#l|k alYfaln[ t' fIjHê ]drluf[ sdl![ fs' LiR éL#l|kê alYfaln[ :glPr)k; LG|R. akqkiR :glPrdxk; ð:glPruksm Tr*xlu ijxj&kYelGÒr, Tc[fjzlF, Tc[fj:r, fi)kH é>gSaHej)Hê, p~|[ é~hj-Lyi[ê, rp[G éSrG&ê fkm*jui CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 66 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 67. t#l;ò L#l|kijr[ alYfsa rHdkilR elmk=o - Tfln[ fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È t' fI;, TO fIjr[ LFil, :glPruksm Tr*X t#l; L#l|kijr[ alYf; rHdj - L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kilR Si!juln[ L#l|k c{<[mjdsx éark<U iGÏSuk; wj'k iGÏSuk;ê c{<[mj&f[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (56 :‫)ا اری ت‬ ""Pn¶phÀ¤s¯bpw apjyhÀ¤s¯bpw Fs¶ (AÃmlphns am{Xw) Bcm[n¡phm³ th−nbÃmsX Rm³ (AÃmlp) krjvSn¨n«nÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 51: 56). akdxjsh cod[fjsh ããhj-uL[~kporjää t'fjsRy LGÒ; :glPrujH éLFil :glPrdX LG/j)k'fjHê L#l|kijsr alYf; ]dfIs/mkkd t'fln[. fO|Jp[ LH- yk~o~j$È arÍjhl)juf[ sdl![ alYf; QglX Qgk aki|[|jp[ éuFlGÒ akc[hj;ê :uj fJgkduj#. LiRíLiX éuFlGÒ akc[hjaldkilRê fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È domj arÍjhl)kduk;, L;zJdgj)kduk; svS$!fk![. dlgn; a)ujhk!lujgk' akC[gj)kdX é~j;~lglPdG, T's iqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*sx Selshê fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$È éalYf;ê L;zJdgj&jgk'k, t'jM[ Selhk; LiG Tc[hlajH YeSiCj&j#. éLiSglm[ ukÓ; sv$kilR L#l|k dH/j&kê - YeilvdR LiSglm[ ukÓ; sv$kduk; svu[fk. L#l|kiln[ c{<[mlik;, L'plflik;, t'[ a)lakC[gj)kdX é~j;~lglPdGê L;zJdgj&jgk'k, Lf[ L#l|k ijCkÓ DkG:rjH eyuk'kî (87 :‫)ا ﺥ ف‬ ""BcmWv Ahsc krjvSn¨sX¶v o AhtcmSv (Atd_ybnse _nw_mcm[ItcmSpw aäpw) tNmZn¨m XoÀ¨bmbpw AhÀ ]dbpw: "AÃmlp' (ssZhw) F¶v.'' (JpÀB³ 43: 87) CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 67 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 68. ( 9 : ‫)ا ﺥ ف‬ ""BImi§fpw `qanbpw krjvSn¨XmcmsW¶v o AhtcmSv (_nw_mcm[ItcmSv) tNmZn¨m XoÀ¨bmbpw AhÀ ]dbpw; "{]Xm]nbpw kÀÆPvRpambn«pÅhmWv (AÃmlphmIp¶p) Ah krjvSn¨Xv F¶v'.'' (JpÀB³ 43: 9). (31 : ‫)ی‬ ""]dbpI: "BImi¯p n¶pw `qanbn n¶pw n§Ä¡v Blmcw ÂIp¶Xv BcmWv? AXsæn tIÄhnbpw ImgvNIfpw A[os¸Sp¯p¶Xv BcmWv? PohnÃm¯Xn n¶v PohpÅXpw, PohpÅXn n¶v PohnÃm¯Xpw ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xpw BcmWv? Imcy§Ä nb{´n¡p¶Xpw BcmWv?' AhÀ ]dbpw: "AÃmlp F¶v'.'' (JpÀB³ 10: 31) TSfgoejH Qgkelm[ :ukdX ijCkÓ DkG:rjH K![. t'lH fO|Jp[-sRy LGÒ;î ããL#l|k K![ t'fk;, YeeÖ c{<[mlik; - rjuYÔdrk; L#l|k :sn'k; L;zJdgj)H alYfaln[ää t'[ écoEjdX, iqjSdmjhlu L|[hkÍk'È iHwalLÈujsh ij>lzik; aËk;ê ilpj)kdulsn(jH LiR, YeilvdRalG YeS~lPr; svu[f uFlGÒ fO|Jp[ éTc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrê tÔlsn'[ arÍjhl)lirk;, eAj)lirkaldk'kà dlgn; LiR T*sr fO|Jp[sRy Qgk >lz; L;zJdgj)kduk;, ~l)j >lz; KSeÊj)kdukaln[ sv$k'f[àà éLiR Qgk aki|[|jp[ - uFlGf[F akc[hj; :ujJgkduj#ààê. fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$Èuksm YeSfUdfujH seMfln[î ããulsflgk goejhk; rUorfSul, dkySil c;>ij)lsf - akqkiR goejhosmuk; rjgkelPjd; egjeoGnf éegjCkÓjê L#l|kijr[ alYfaln[ß t'f[, Lf[sdl![ fs' t#l CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 68 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 69. :glPruk; L#l|kijr[ alYfaln[. :glPruksm Tr*xluî YelGÒruk;, L#l|kijsRy a|fIs ilq[hk; - K'fjsu ilq[hk;, L#l|kijSrlmk= >uik; - YefJÊuk; - eC[vlleik;, L#l|kijH >gSaHej)hk;, Tc[fjzlFuk;, ]Ëik; domkfH c[Sr|ik;… t#l; L#l|kijr[ alYfalujgj)nsa'[ afrjua*xk;, ~kÓjuk;, Ejf[y[ éYed{fjulhk= ]dsspilglPrl Yeinfuk;ê L;zJdgj)k'k. LfkSelsh L#l|ki#liG)[ :glPruksm Tr*X Q'k; LG/j)lR elmj#lsu'fk; afrjua*xk;, ~kÓjuk;, Ejf[y[ éYed{fjulhk= ]dsspilglPrl Yeinfuk;ê L;zJdgj)k'k - iUd[fal)k'k. * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 69 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 70. g![î fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È ( ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ) >lz; fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$Èuksm LGÒik;, 1 YeilvdRalgksm YeS~lPrik; >lz; cfUclÊU ivr*xksm éC|lp[ 2 dhjauksmê LGÒik;, LfjsRy rj~r[Prdxk;, Lf[ pkG^hs/mk' dlgU*xk;, LfjH c;>ij)lik' ejqikdxk; >lz; af rjuajH LrkiprJual)hk;, 3 rj<jÓal)hk; L#l|kijsRy LPjdlgjHs/Mf[ >lz; T~lpjsRy é:glPruksmê LGÒik;, 4 Tr*xk; >lz; L#l|kijrk= :glPrsu 5 rjGÑuj)k'fjhk= sfËlu PlgndX >lz; :glPruksm Lmjc[Flr c[f;>*X 6 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 70 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 71. fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$Èuksm LGÒik;, YeilvdRalgksm YeS~lPrik; LH-Kho|j$È t'lH :glPruln[. fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È sdl![ KS`Cj)k'f[î af; LrkClcj)k' goejH L#l|kijSh)[ Lmk/~r[P; K!l)kilrluj LmjadX sv$k'î YelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj, YefJÊ, >u;, >gSaHej)H, :Yz|;, Semj, SDpj&kam);… fkm*ju :glPruksm Tr*X t#l; L#l|kijr[ alYf; rHdkd t'fln[. fO|JpjsRy TO Tr; éfO|Jp[ LH- Kho|j$È - L#l|ksi alYf; :glPj)Hê :ujgk'k L#l|k rjulzj& :pU;akfH Liclr; isguk= akqkiR YeilvdØlgksmuk; éYelFajdaluê YeS~lPr ij<u;. L#l|k eyuk'kî (36 : ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw Hmtcm kapZmb¯nepw mw (AÃmlp) ZqXs ntbmKn¨n«p−v. (XoÀ¨bmbpw) n§Ä AÃmlpsh Bcm[n¡pIbpw, XmKq¯pIsf (hymP ssZh§sf, _nw_§sf, Huenbm¡sf, _namsc… Bcm[n¡p¶Xv) shSnbpIbpw sN¿Ww F¶v ({]t_m[w sN¿p¶Xnv th−n.).'' (JpÀB³ 16: 36) (25 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 71 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 72. ""RmÃmsX (AÃmlphÃmsX) bmsXmcp ssZhhpanÃ. AXnm Fs¶ (AÃmlpsh am{Xw) n§Ä Bcm[n¡phn³ F¶v t_m[w ÂIns¡m−ÃmsX n¡v ap¼v Hcp ZqXsbpw (_ntbbpw) mw (AÃmlp) Ab¨n«nÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 21: 25). t#l r~jalgk; f*xksm cao|*Sxlm[ :pUaluj fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È éL#l|ksi alYf; :glPj)Hê eyÉ[ sdl!ln[ YeS~lPr; :g;>j&f[. ro|[, |op[, cIlhj|[, Ckss|~[ t'jiG eyÉf[ ijCkÓ DkG:R fkmG&uluj Yefjelpj)k'f[ Srl)kdî (85،65،73،59 :‫اف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Fsâ P§tf, n§Ä AÃmlpsh (am{Xw) Bcm[n¡phn³. AhÃmsX n§Ä¡v Hcp ssZhhpanÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 7: 59 & 7: 65 & 7: 73 & 7: 85) (16 :‫ت‬ ‫)ا‬ ""C{_mlow sbpw (mw ZqXmbn Ab¨p), At±lw Xsâ PXtbmSv C{]Imcw ]dª kµÀ`w ({it²bas{X): "n§Ä AÃmlpsh Bcm[n¡pIbpw, Ahs kq£n¡pIbpw sN¿pI'.'' (JpÀB³ 29: 16). LfkSelsh, ak|+p[ u[)k; éijCIlcjdX)k;ê L#l|k YeS~lPr aR|w[w[égJfjê Ty)jsdlmkkî (11 : ‫)ا ﻡ‬ ""(_ntb!) ]dbpI: "aXw (AXmbXv Bcm[bpw ApkcWhpw) AÃmlphnv njvIf¦am¡ns¡m−v Ahs Bcm[n¡phmmWv Rm³ IÂ]n¡s¸«n«pÅXv'.'' (JpÀB³ 39: 11). r~j eyuk'kî ’ : ” (21 : ‫ري: 52، ﻡ‬ ) “. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 72 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 73. ÞL#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkajs#'k;, ak|+p[ L#l|kijsRy ycoH épofGê :sn'k; wr*X clÊU; i|j)k'f[ isg LiSglm[ ukÓ; sv$kilR tS'lm[ dHej)s/Mjgj)k'k.ß é~kDlgjî 25, akc[hj;î 21ê. :pUaluj Qgk akd#EjsRy é~kÓj ijdcj&isRyê SaH rjG^r[Paluj svS$! KeSpC; é~lPUfêî ÞL#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgk; éasËlgk sspiik;, asËl'k;ê T#ß t'[ Kp[S~lPj/j)hldk'k, L#l|k eyuk'kî (19 : ‫)ﻡ‬ ""BIbm AÃmlphÃmsX Bcm[¡v AÀlmbn bmsXmcp ssZhhpw (bmsXmcmfpw, bmsXm¶pw) Csöv o (apjyhÀ¤w, Pn¶vhÀ¤w) aÊnem¡pI. nsâ ]m]¯nv o (AÃmlphntmSv) ]m]tamNw tXSpI.'' (JpÀB³ 47: 19). Tc[hlajSh)[ YeSiCj)kilR KS`Cj)k'iSrlm[ :pUaluj dHej)k'fk; TO éÞL#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgk; T# - asËlgk sspiik; T# - asËl'k; T#ß t'ê g![ cfUclÊU ivr*X éC|lp[ dhjaê L;zJdgj&[ Kgkijmlrldk'k. TfjH rj'[ iUd[falik'f[ fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È é:glPUR L#l|k alYfaldk'k t' fI;ê :n[ t#l YeilvdRalgksmuk; YeS~lPrjsRy éYelFajdê hÊU; t'ldk'k. fO|Jp[ LH- Kho|j$È t' epjHî ‫ا ه‬ éLH-Kho|j$Èê t'f[ L#l|kijsRy ‫ ا‬t' rlas covj/j)k' ijSC<nik;, LS/lX ‫ ا‬éThl|[ê t'f[ ‫ أ ه‬éLH-Kho|j$Èê K=iR - Lfluf[ :glPUR t'kaln[ dkyj)k'f[. LfkSelsh fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È)[ fO|Jp[ LH- T~lpÈ é:glPrujsh ]dfI;ê t'k; eyuk'k. :glPr rmkd t'f[ ark<UsRy éwj'kdxksmuk;ê ijSC<naln[, Lfksdl![ fs' LiR rj<[dx(rluj é:f[alGÒalujê L#l|kijsr :glPj)H rjG^r[Pikaln[. dlgn; LiG fsRy y^jsr éc;gÊdsrê éT|eg wJijf ij>i*X, c;gÊn;, eleSalÊ;, CjÊujHrj'k= gÊ, calPlr;… t#l; rHdk' y^jsr tS/lqk;ê :iCUak=igk;, étYf >Ofjd ij>ica{p[Pjuks!(jhk; LiG cIu;egUle[ff CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 73 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 74. T#ligk;, Semj - vfj - :Yda;… fkm*juiujH rj'k gÊs/mkilRisg fsRy y^jsRy gÊ tS/lqk; :iCUak=igk;, LYedlg;ê pgjYpgk; - L#l|kijH :YCuj)k'igkaln[àà AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: ""apjytc! n§Ä AÃmlphnsâ B{inX·mÀ BIp¶p (n§Ä Zcn{ZcmIp¶p). AÃmlphmIs« kzbw ]cym]vXpw kvXpXyÀlpw BIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 35: 15). ssCDkH Tc[hl; T~[rkfJaj$È éy|ja.ê eyuk'kî Þark<UG L#l|kijsRy :YCjfØlG éplgjYpUak=iGê :dk'k t'[ eyÉlH arÍjhlS)! dlgU;î L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kduk;, L#l|ki#liG)[ éLFil, r~jalG, QOhj)X, ssCDkalG… fkm*juiG)[ê :glPruksm Qgjrik; LG/j)lfjgj)kduk; - :glPrujH :Sguk; e([SvG)lfjgj)kduk;, éL#l|kijsRy dG+*xluî YeeÖ c{<[mj/jhk; - c;gÊnjhk; aËk; L#l|ki#liG)[ e([ Ks!'[ ijCIlcj)lfjgj)kduk; sv$kdê t'fln[. L#l|kijSrlm[ e([SvG)lR éclaUs/mkkilRê L#l|kijr[ ulsflgk fkhUrkaj# fs'. ark<UG t'lH |{puik;, :f[alik; KXsdl!fln[. Li é|{puik;, :f[alik;ê :glPr)G|rlu L#l|kijsr sdl!#lsf CkÓjul)kilR clPUa# fs'. >Ofjd wJijfjH L#l|kijsr QlG)k'fjH épjd[yjH, L#l|kijsr c[fkfj)k'fjhk;, L#l|kijsRy a|fIs YedJGj)k'fjhk;ê alYfsa ark<Ur[ calPlrik; gÊuk;, éckDik;, cSÔl<ik;ê ds!kilR dqjuo, L#l|ki#lisg sdl![ ark<Ur[ cSÔl<ik; ckDik; h>j&lhk; Lf[ rjfUalij# éc[Fjga#ê, ayj&[ : cSÔl<; éckD;ê Qgk gJfjujsh ckDjHrj'[ asËlgk gJfjujsh ckDjSh)[ alyjs)l!jgj)kduk;, Qgk iUd[fjujH rj'[ asËlgk iUd[fjujSh)[ : ckD; rJ*js)l!jgj)kduk; sv$k;à t'lH L#l|kijsr :glPj)k'fjH rj'ln[ : cSÔl<; t(jH - Lf[ tS/lqk;, tijsm rj'k;, t*jsruk; Lf[ fJG&uluk; h>j&[ sdlS!ujgj)k'k.ß (24/1 :‫.)ﻡ ع ا وى‬ fO|JpjsRy éfO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È t'ê TO Traln[ YeilvdRalgksm YeFa YeS~lPr ij<u;, dlgn; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 74 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 75. éakc[hjaldkilrk=ê akqkiR dG+*xk; emkkuGs/mk' Lmjyulnjf[. Tf[ éfO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È - :glPrdX L#l|kijr[ alYf; LG/j)Hê ulFlGÒUal)lsf Qgk dG+ik; Cgjuldkduj# écIJdlgUaldkduj#êàà Tfjr[ éfO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È)[ - :glPrdX L#l|kijr[ alYf; :)k'fjr[ê ijegJfalufln[ CjG)[ éLFil, L#l|kijsr :glPj)k'fjsRy dosm aËk r~jalsg, QOhjul)sx, ~j;~s, wly-~j;~s… fkm*juisu :glPj)H, ~j;~lglPrêàà CjG)jsRy é:glPruksm ]sf(jhk; Tr; L#l|ki#liG)[ LG/j)k'fjsRyê zOgi; KO'j/yuk' L#l|kijsRy Yec[flirdX YCÓj)kdî AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: (116 ،48 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Xt¶mSv (AÃmlphnp am{Xw AÀ¸nt¡−p¶ Bcm[IÄ AÃmlphÃm¯hÀ¡v ÂInbpw aäpw) Bcm[bn inÀ¡v þ ]¦v tNÀ¡s¸SpI F¶Xv AÃmlp s]mdp¡pIbnÃ; XoÀ¨.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 48,116) (88 :‫م‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AhÀ (AÃmlphnp am{Xw AÀ¸nt¡−p¶ Bcm[IÄ AÃmlphÃm¯hÀ¡v ÂInbpw aäpw AÃmlphnÂ) Bcm[bn inÀ¡v þ ]¦v tNÀ¯ncp¶psh¦n AhcpsS (kÂ)IÀ½§sfÃmw njv^eambnt¸mIpambncp¶p (B kÂIÀ½§sfs¡m−v ]ctemI¯v AhÀ¡v bmsXmcp {]tbmPhpw e`n¡pIbnà F¶À°w).'' (JpÀB³ 6: 88). (65 : ‫)ا ﻡ‬ ""o (AÃmlphnp am{Xw AÀ¸nt¡−p¶ Bcm[IÄ AÃmlphÃm¯hÀ¡v ÂInbpw aäpw AÃmlphnÂ) Bcm[bn ]¦mfnsb tNÀ¡p¶ ]£w XoÀ¨bmbpw nsâ IÀ½w njv^eambnt¸mIpIbpw XoÀ¨bmbpw o (]ctemI¯v) jvS¡mcpsS Iq«¯n BIpIbpw sN¿pw.'' (JpÀB³ 39: 65) fO|JpjsRy éfO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$È t'ê TO Tr; eAj)hk;, arÍjhl)hkaln[ ark<Ugksm Q'las ~lPUf. L#l|k eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 75 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 76. (23 :‫)ا ﺱ اء‬ ""nsâ dºv (AÃmlp) hn[n¨ncn¡p¶p: "Xs¶ (AÃmlpsh) AÃmsX n§Ä Bcm[n¡cpXv' F¶pw, "amXm]nXm¡Ä¡v ³asN¿Ww' F¶pw.'' (JpÀB³ 17: 23). (36 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n§Ä AÃmlpsh Bcm[n¡pIbpw AhtmSv Bcm[bn bmsXm¶pw ]¦v þ inÀ¡v tNÀ¡mXncn¡pIbpw, amXm]nXm¡tfmSv à nebn hÀ¯n¡pIbpw sN¿pI.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 36). (151 :‫م‬ ‫)ا‬ ""(_ntb) ]dbpI: "n§Ä hcq! n§fpsS dºv (AÃmlp) n§fpsS ta njn²am¡nbXv n§Ä¡v Rm³ ]dªv tIĸn¡mw: "AhtmSv (AÃmlphntmSv) bmsXm¶nsbpw n§Ä (AÃmlphnp am{Xw AÀ¸nt¡−p¶ Bcm[IÄ AÃmlphÃm¯hÀ¡v ÂInbpw aäpw) Bcm[bn ]¦p þ inÀ¡v- tNÀ¡cpXv (_nw_þPmdmmcm[ AcpXv). amXm]nXm¡Ä¡v (n§Ä) ³asN¿Ww.'' (JpÀB³ 6: 151) * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 76 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 77. cfUclÊU ivr*xksm éC|lp[ dhjauksmê LGÒik;, LfjsRy rj~r[Prdxk;, Lf[ pkG^hs/mk' dlgU*xk;, LfjH c;>ij)lik' ejqikdxk; éQ'[êî cfUclÊU éC|lp[ dhjauksmê ivr*xjsh LGÒ;î 1. ‫ أن إ إ ا‬éhlThl| T#l-L#l|[ê t' Q'las cfUclÊU ivrjsRy éC|lp[ dhjauksmê :Cu; - LGÒ;î L#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkaj# - asËl'kaj# - éasËlgk sspiikaj#ê t'[ L;zJdgj)kduk;, ijCIcj)kduk;, éLf[ LyjÉ[ê c[Flej)kduk;, LfjH fs' Ky&[ rj'ksdl![ cH)G+*X YeiGj)kduk; sv$kd t'fln[. : ivrjsh :pUep; ãhlThl|ä - ‫إ‬ éQgk sspiikaj#ê t'lHî L#l|ki#liG)[, LiG :glujgk'lhk; t*jsruk=G étYf a|fIak=iGê :ujgk'lhk; LiG)k= :glPr éakqkirk;ê rjS<Pj)hln[ï ãT#l-L#l|[ä - ‫إ ا‬ éL#l|k L#lsfê t'lHî L#l|k alYfaln[ :glPr)G|R t'[ c[Flej)kduk; sv$H :dk'k. TO ilvdjsRy saljhk= LGf[F;î hl-aL[~op ~j-|)jR T#l-L#l|[ - ‫إ ا‬ ‫د‬ َ ‫ ﻡ‬éuFlGÒ :glPUrluj L#l|ki#lsf aËlgkaj#ê t'ln[. Tijsm hl - éT#ê t'fjSrlm[î ~j-|)j - éuFlGÒaluê t'[ SvG)n;. t'lH é~j-|)jR t' epjr[ edg;êî aOwopkR - ‫د‬ ‫ﻡ‬ éK=iRê éLFil, hl-aL[~op aOwopkR T#l-L#l|[ê t'[ SvG)kilR elmj# éLFil, ããuFlGÒalu :glPr)G|R - CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 77 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 78. ~j-|)jRää t'kSvG)lsf QË)[î ãã:glPUrluj L#l|ki#lsf aËlgkaj#ää t'[ alYf; eyÉlH afjuldj#ê, dlgn; Lf[ ilc[fijr[ tfjgln[. tsÔ'lH, L#l|kijsr domlsfuk= Qgkelm[ éiUlwê:glPURalG K![, : epYeSulz; éLFil, hl-aL[~op aOwopkR T#l-L#l|[ t'lHê L#l|ki#liG)k= édkE[yk;, CjG)k;, ~jp[Lk; - dxik;, ~j;~lglPruk;, ~j;~-wlylglPruk; iqjSdmk; K=ê éiUlwê:glPruk; L#l|kijrlujfJgl;àà Lfksdl![ Tf[ ]Ëik; ihju iqjSdmln[àà TO ilp; >oajujH ]Ëik; ihju cfUrjS<Pjdxlu é~kÓaf ijCIlcjdxksm, Lakc[hJ*xksmê LsspIfcjÓlÔ; é]dsspicjÓlÔ;ê :dk'kàà éLfksdl![ hl-aL[~op ~j-|)jR T#l-L#l|[ - ‫إ ا‬ ‫د‬ َ ‫- ﻡ‬ ãuFlGÒä :glPUrluj L#l|ki#lsf aËlgkaj# t'ln[ eySu!f[ê. TfkSelsh, TO cfUclÊU ivrjr[ éC|lp[ dhja)[ê eh :xkdxk; iqjSdmjhlu eh iUlDUlr*X rHdjujMk![. Li flsq sdlmk)k'kî a- asËlgk ésfËluê :Cu;î ‫ﻡ دإ ا‬ َ ããL#l|ki#lsf :glPUrj#.ää Tf[ sfËln[, dlgn; T*sruldkSÙlX L#l|k L#l :glPURalgk; L#l|kiluj fJgk'fln[à ðt'lHî ‫إ ا‬ ‫د‬ َ ‫ ﻡ‬éuFlGÒ :glPUrluj L#l|ki#lsf aËlgkaj#ê t'fln[ Cgjò. Tf[ akdxjH ijigj&jMk![. b- asËlgk ésfËluê :Cu;î ‫إ ا‬ ‫ﺥ‬ ããL#l|ki#lsf c{<[mlij#ää, Tf[ TO ilvdjsRy uFlGÒ :Cujsh Qgk >lz; alYfaln[, dlgn; TO :Cu; fO|Jp[ LH- yk~o~j$È éYeeÖjsRy c{<[mlik;, L'plflik;, c;gÊdrk; rjuYÔdrk; L#l|k alYfaln[ t' fI;ê alYfaln[ ijiÊj)k'f[, éTf[ L|[hkÍk'È iHwalLÈujsh iqjSdmjhluigksm – ããiqjSdmjhlu ck'jdxksmää :Cualn[êï Tf# TO cfUclÊU ivr; éC|lp[ dhjaê sdl![ KS`Cj)k'f[, Tf[ akC[gj)kdxksm éiqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*xksmuk;ê fO|Jp[ fI; :dk'kà édlgn;, YeeÖjsRy c{<[mlik;, L'plflik;, c;gÊdrk; rjuYÔdrk; L#l|k alYfaln[ t' fI; QglX L;zJdgj)k'ks!(jhk;, LulX L#l|ki#liG)[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 78 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 79. :glPruksm ]sf(jhk; Tr; rHdkdulsn(jH LiR Qgj)hk; akc[hj; - aki|[|jp[ :dkduj#, LisRy fO|Jp[ - Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPr Cgjuldk'fka#ààê. c- asËlgk ésfËluê :Cu;î ‫آ ّ َإ‬ >gndGli[ L#l|k L#lsf aËlgkaj# éL#l|kijsRy >gn; L#lsf asËlgk >gnikaj#ê. éTf[ walLÈs Tc[hlajuksm - TD[ilrjdxksm :Cualn[ê, t'lH Tfk; TO cfUclÊU ivrjH éC|lp[ dhjaujHê KXs)l=k' Qgk >lz; alYfaln[. Tf# TO cfUclÊU ivr; éC|lp[ dhjaê sdl![ uFlGÒaluj KS`Cj)k'f[. dlgn; QglX >gn; L#l|kijr[ alYfalsn'[ c[Flej)kduk;, L#l|ki#liG)[ :glPruksm ]sf(jhk; Tr; rHdkdukalsn(jH LiR Qgj)hk; uFlGf[F akc[hj; éaki|[|jp[ê :dkduj#, LisRy fO|Jp[ éTc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrê Cgjuldk'fka#àà ét'lH Tc[hlajd >gn; c[Flej)s/ml c[Fh*xjhk; :glPruksm Tr*X L#l|kijr[ alYf; rHdkdulsn(jH LiR aki|[|jp[ - uFlGf[F akc[hj; :dkduk; sv$k;àààê. Lfksdl![ fs' TO ao'[ :Cu*xk; - ijCpJdgn*xk; >lzjdalufk; rjgGÒdik; :dk'k. Tf[ Tijsm KnGkilR dlgn; vjh éiqjSdmjhluigksmê ekc[fd*xjH TO sfËkdX ijCpJdgj)s/Mf[ sdl!ln[. t'lH, chEkÍIlhj|J*xk;, YePlrjdxlu en[}jfØlgk; arÍjhl)ju TO cfUclÊU ivrjsRy éC|lp[ dhjauksmê uFlGÒjhk= LGÒ;î ããuFlGÒjH :glPr)G|R L#l|ki#lsf aËlgkaj#ß - ‫إ ا‬ ‫د‬ َ ‫َﻡ‬ t'fln[. Tf[ akdxjH rl; ijCpJdgj)kduk; svu[fjMk![. 2. cfUclÊU ivr*xjsh g!las ivralu ‫ أن ﻡ ًا رﺱ ل ا‬éak|+p[ L#l|kijsRy ycohln[ê ‫ا‬ t' clÊU ivrjsRy LGf[F;î ak|+p[ L#l|kijsRy Qgk Lmjauk;, akqkiR wr*xjSh)[ écØlGÏ; dlnj)kilR Si!jê L#l|k rjSulzj&jMk= YeilvdR :sn'k; :Ôgjdaluk; é|{pu;sdl!k;ê ~l|Ualuk; édG+; Lrk<[Aj&ksdl!k;ê arÍjhl)hkaln[ TfjsRy LGÒ;, TO ivr; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 79 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 80. L;zJdgj)k'fjH seMfln[î é1ê. YeilvdR dHej& dlgU*X t#l; Lrkcgj)kduk;, é2ê. YeilvdR Lyjuj&[ f' dlgU*xjH YeilvdR su éijCIcj&[ê cfUs/mkkduk;, é3ê. YeilvdR ijSglPj)kilrk; simjukilrk; eyÉ dlgU*xjH rj'[ elsm ijM[ rjH)kduk;, é4ê. YeilvdR dHej& goejH alYf; L#l|kijsr :glPj)kduk; sv$kd éfkm*juiê. ég![êî cfUclÊU ivr*X éC|lp[ dhjaê QglxjH Cgjuldkilrk= ykd[rkdX érj~r[PrdXêî ‫ إ إ ا‬éhlThl| T#l-L#l|[ê t' cfUclÊU ivr*X éC|lp[ dhjaê QglxjH Cgjuldkilrk= ykd[rkdX érj~r[PrdXê g![ :n[î Q'[î rjS<P;, g![î c[FjgJdgn;. Q'las ykd[r[î rjS<P;î Þhl Thl|[ß - ‫إ‬ - ÞéL#l|ki#lsfê Qgk :glPUrkaj#ß Tf[ CjG)jsRy akqkiR Tr*sxuk; rjS<Pj)k'k. L#l|ki#lsf ]fjsr é:sgê :glPj&lhk; Lf[ dkE[y[ éTc[hlajH rj'[ ekykSeldk' dG+;ê :dk'k. g!las ykd[r[î c[FjgJdgn;. ÞT#l L#l|[ß - ‫إ ا‬ éL#l|ki#lsfê. Tf[ L#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj :gkaj#lsu'f[ c[FjgJdgj)k'k. LS/lX Tfksdl![ YeiGj)H éL#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)Hê rjG~r[Pikaln[. TO cfUclÊU ivr*X éC|lp[ dhjaê QglxjH Cgjuldkilrk= ykd[rkdX érj~r[PrdXê KXsdl=k' Qgkelm[ :ukdX rak)[ ijCkÓ DkG:rjH dlnlik'fln[. Kpl|gn;î TY~l|J; sRy KÓgnjdX L#l|k eyuk'kî (27-26 :‫)ا ﺥ ف‬ . CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 80 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 81. ""XoÀ¨bmbpw Rm³ (C{_mlnw ) n§Ä Bcm[n¡p¶XnÂn¶v Hgnªp n¡p¶hmIp¶p. Fs¶ krãn¨hssbmgnsI, (AXmbXv AÃmlphns AÃmsX aämscbpw þ asäm¶nsbpw Rm³ AÃmlphntmsSm¸w Bcm[n¡p¶nÃ.)'' (JpÀB³ 43: 26, 27) LS`|; ‫ء‬ ٌ ‫ ِ ِ َ َا‬t'[ eyÉf[ Q'las ykd[R ‫اء‬ ‫إ‬ érj~r[PrêsRy érjS<P;î Þhl Thl|[ß - ‫إ‬ - ÞL#l|ki#lsf Qgk :glPUrkaj#ß t'ê :Cuik;, ‫ِ ا ِي‬ ‫ي‬ ‫إ‬ ِ َ َ َ t'[ eyÉf[ g!las ykd[R érj~r[PrêsRy éc[FjgJdgn;î ÞT#l L#l|[ß - ‫ - إ ا‬ÞL#l|ki#lsfß t'ê :Cuik; KXsdl=k'k. iJ!k; L#l|k eyuk'kî (256 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""BIbm GsXmcmÄ XmKq¯pIsf (hymP ssZh§sf, _nw_§sf, Huenbm¡sf, _namsc… Bcm[n¡p¶XnÂ) Ahnizkn¡pIbpw AÃmlphn hnizkn¡pIbpw (apÉnambn AÃmlpsh am{Xw Bcm[n¡pIbpw) sN¿p¶pthm Ah³ ]nSn¨n«pÅXv _eapÅ Hcp IbdnemIp¶p. AXv s]m«nt]mIpItb CÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 256). ‫ت‬ ِ ُ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ َ َ "BIbm GsXmcmÄ XmKq¯pIsf þ ‫ی‬ hymP ssZh§sf, _nw_§sf, Huenbm¡sf, _namsc… (Bcm[n¡p¶XnÂ) Ahnizkn¡pIbpw' F¶Xnsâ Bibw BIp¶p ‫( إ‬Bcm[¡Àlnà F¶Xv) Ipdn¡p¶Xv þ (AYhm, H¶mas¯ n_Ô: ntj[w); ِ ْ ِ ْ َُ ‫وی ﻡ‬ (AÃmlphn hnizkn¡pI) F¶Xnsâ Bibw BIp¶p ‫إ ا‬ "AÃmlpsh AÃmsX' (Bcm[n¡cpXv) F¶Xv Ipdn¡p¶Xv þ (AYhm, c−mas¯ n_Ô: ØncoIcWw). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 81 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 82. ‫ أن ﻡ ًا ُا و رﺱ‬t' cfUclÊU ivrjrk; éC|lp[ ‫ا‬ dhja)[ê g![ ykd[rkdX érj~r[PrdXê K![. Lf[ ‫ا‬ éL#l|kijsRy Lmjaê t'fk;, ‫ رﺱ‬éL#l|kijsRy ycoHê t'fkaln[. TO g![ ykd[rkdX érj~r[PrdXê K; ak|+p[ )[ L#l|k rHdju c[FlrjH Liznr igkk'fjsruk;ï L#l|k rHdju c[FlrjH Lfjg[ dijuk'fjSruk; rjSglPj)k'k. L#l|k rHdju c[Flr;î ak|+p[ su L#l|kijsRy Qgk Lmjauk; pofrk; :)jujMln[. SYC<[mal)s/M TO g![ éLmjauk; pofrk; t'ê ijSC<njrk; LG|rlu ]Ëik; cÙoGn cI>lijsRy Kmauln[ ak|+p[ . éL~[pkê t'fksdl![ LGÒal)k'f[ L#l|kijsr :glPj)k' Qgk Lmja t'ln[. Lfluf[ t#l ark<Ugk; tÔjH rj'lSnl c{<[mj)s/Mf[ LfjH é: aÑjHê rj'kfs' c{<[mj)s/M L#l|kijsRy Qgk c{<[mjuk; ark<Urkaldk'k ak|+p[ . ark<UG)k= akqkiR ~lPUfdxk; Yeilvdrk; ~lPdaln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (110 : ‫)ا‬ ""(_ntb,) ]dbpI: Rm³ n§sft¸msebpÅ Hcp apjy³ am{XamIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 18: 110). :glPUf épjiUfI;, sspijdfê L#l|kijr[ alYf; :sn'f[ ak|+p[ d{fUaluj iUd[fal)kduk!luj. Lfjsr c;~r[Pj&[ L#l|k eyuk'kî (36 : ‫)ا ﻡ‬ ""Xsâ Zmk¶v AÃmlp aXnbmbhÃsbm? (Xn¡v AÃmlp am{Xw aXn F¶mbncn¡pw Hcp kXyhnizmknbpsS ap{ZmhmIyw. AÃmlp AÃm¯ þ Huenbm¡Ä, _Zco§Ä, iplZm¡Ä, X§·mÀ, kzmenlo§Ä XpS§nbhtcmSv {]mÀ°n¡p¶Xpw, Ahcn n¶v A`uXnIamb klmbw {]Xo£n¡p¶Xpw kXyhnizmk¯nv hncp²as{X. AÃmlp hntmSpÅXpt]msesbm AXnep]cnbmsbm `uXnI iànItfmSv hnt[bXzw ImWn¡p¶Xpw Hcp kXyhnizmkn¡v `qjWaÃ.).'' (JpÀB³ 39: 36). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 82 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 83. - (1 : ‫)ا‬ ""Xsâ ASnabpsS (_n bpsS) ta thZ{KÙw (JpÀB³) AhXcn¸n¨ AÃmlphnv (BIp¶p) kvXpXnbpw µnbpw.'' (JpÀB³ 18: 1). (1 :‫)ا ﺱ اء‬ ""Xsâ ASnasb (_n sb) Hcp cm{Xnbn akvPnZp ldman n¶v nimbm{X sN¿n¨h³ (AÃmlp) F{Xtbm ]cnip²³!'' (JpÀB³ 17: 1). ‫ا ﺱ ل‬ épofRê t'fjsRy :Cu;î éL#l|kijH ijCIcj)k'iG)[ê cSÔl<ilG Lyjuj)kilrk;, éL#l|kijH LijCIcj)k'iG)[ê fl)Jf[ rHdkilrkaluj L#l|k akqkiR wr*xjSh)k; rjSulzj&u&iR t'fln[. r~j uksm c[FlrjH Lfjg[ dijuk'fk; ér~j Sulm[ ijxj&kYelGÒj)hk;, L#l|kijsr ijxj&kYelGÒj)k'fjH r~j su aPUc[Frl)H… fkm*juiuk;ê, r~j uksm c[FlrjH Liznr igkk'fk; éL#l|kê rjSglPj)kduk!luj. t'lH YeilvdR uksm cakplujH seM vjhulxkdX fs' : dlgUjH Lfjg[ dijukduk;, KSeÊ igkkduk; svu[figluk!lujà vjh :xkdX r~j uksm c[FlrS)lX LS`|s KuGkduk;, L*jsr L#l|ki#lsf :glPj)s/mk' Qgk goejSh)[ LS`|s KuGj éiUlwalujê :glPj)kilrk; fkm*jàà L*jsr L#l|kijr[ ekysa LS`|Slm[ Tc[fjzlF - éc|lujrk= ijxj&kYelGÒrê rmkilrk;, L#l|kijr#lsf aËlG)k; dqjul dlgU*xjH r~j Sulm[ :iCU*X rjiGj)kilrk;, Yeulc*X pogJdgj)kilrkak= c|lu; Svlpj)kduk; svu[fkàà aËk vjhulxkdX LS`|jsRy gjclh éYeilvdfI;êjsr rjS<Pj)kduk;, LS`|s ejReËk'fjH KSeÊ igkkduk; svu[fkàà L*jsr LiG r~j uksm dHerdX)k;, ijSglP*X)k; tfjG YeiGj&kàà CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 83 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 84. éao'[êî cfUclÊU ivr*X éC|lp[ dhjaê éQglxjH CgjuldkilRê :iCUak= rjG~r[PdlgU*Xî ‫إ إ ا‬ éhlThl| T#l L#l|[ê t'fjsRy éLf[ QglxjH CgjuldkilR :iCUak=ê rjG~r[PdlgU*Xî L#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkaj#lsu' cfUclÊU ivr; éC|lp[ dhjaê ]q[ rjG~r[PdlgU*X KXs)l=k'k. Li akqkirk; LfjsRy CgjulugoejH YeliGjdal)julH L#lsf ‫ إ إ ا‬éhl-Thl| T#l L#l|[ê Kgkijmk'iG)[ Lf[ YeSulwrs/mkduj#. Li flsq ijigj)k'kî ‫إ إ ا‬ t' clÊUivrjsRy rj~r[PrdXî 1- ‫إ إ ا‬ éhlThl| T#l L#l|[ê éuFlGÒjH L#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkaj# - asËl'kaj#ê t'fjsr dkyj&k= p{@alu Lyji[ K!likdï Tfjsr dkyj&[ QMk; Lw[Bf éc;Cu;ê T#lfjgj)kd. 2- hlThl| T#l L#l|[ éuFlGÒjH L#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkaj# - asËl'kaj#ê t'fjsr ulsflgk c;Cuikaj#lsf arÍjH Ky/j)kd. 3- hlThl| T#l L#l|[ éuFlGÒjH L#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkaj# - asËl'kaj# t'f[ê Q'k; fs' f=j)xulsf Lf[ KXs)l=k' t#ldlgU*xk; cIJdgj)kd. 4- Lf[ éarÍjhk;, dG+*xjhk;, YeDUlej)k'fjhk;ê uplGÒalujfs' c+fj&[ - L;zJdgj&[ LfjsRy éhlThl| T#l-L#l|[ sRyê :Cujr[ dJq[in*kd. 5- hlThl| T#l L#l|[ éuFlGÒjH L#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkaj# - asËl'kaj# t'f[ê cIJdgj)k'fjH TD[hlc[ é:f[alGÒf, rj<[dx(f, cfUcr[Pfê K!lujgj)kd. 6- hlThl| T#l L#l|[ t'fjsr éuFlGÒjH L#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkaj# - asËl'kaj# t'fjsrê cfUs/mkkd. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 84 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 85. 7- hlThl| T#l L#l|[ t'fjsr éuFlGÒjH L#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkaj# - asËl'kaj# t'fjsrê arÍjsRy Ldkrj'[ éL#l|k dH/j& goejHê T<[ms/mkduk; c[Sr|j)kduk; sv$kd. TfjsRy é]qjsRyuk;ê ijCpJdgn; flsq igk'kî Q'las rj~r[Prî Lyji[î ‫إ إ ا‬ éhlThl| T#l- L#l|[ê t'fjsr c;~r[Pj&k= Lw[Bfsu T#lu[a sv$k'ijP; p{@alu Lyji[ K!likdî clÊUivr; sdl![ KS`Cj)k' :Cus c;~r[Pj&k;, Lf[ rjS<Pj)kduk;, c[FjgJdgj)kduk; sv$k' dlgU*sx c;~r[Pj&k; Cgjuluj Lyjik=irldkd. LfjH ulsfl'k; fs' Lw[Blf; :dlfjgj)kd. L#l|k eyuk'kî (86 :‫)ا ﺥ ف‬ ""(AÃmlphnsâ GIXz¯nsâ þ "emCeml CÃm AÃmlv'sâ bmYmÀ°yw) Adnªp sIm−p Xs¶ (AÃmlphnsâ GIXz¯n hnizkn¡pIbpw Ahsâ IåIÄ Apkcn¡pIbpw sNbvXpsIm−v) kXy¯nv km£yw hln¨hscmgnsI.'' (JpÀB³ 43: 86). Lfluf[ L#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rj#lsu'f[ clÊU; i|j)kduk;, Ligksm rlikdX clÊU; i|j&fjsr |{pu*X sdl![ Lyjukduk; sv$kd. :sg(jhk; LfjsRy :Cu; Lyjulsf rli[ sdl![ alYf; K&gj&fjsRy SegjH Lir[ Lf[ YeSulwrs/mkduj#àà dlgn;, Lf[ ( ‫) إ إ ا‬ dkyj)k' dlgUjH LiR ijCIcj)lf[ sdl![ fs'. ðTfjsr dkyj&[ Qgk |pJcjH T*jsr dlnl;î L~[pk L#l|[ yjS/lGM[ sv$k'k, ããr~j eyÉkî ã:sg(jhk; éLFil, rli[ sdl![ alYf; hl-Thl| T#l L#l|[ K&gj)k' Qgk akc[hj;ê CjG)[ svu[fk sdl![ - L#l|ki#lisg ijxj&k YelGÒj)k'irlujs)l![ agns/MlH LiR éLiXê rgdjH YeSiCj)k'fln[ààä.ää é~kDlgjî 4497êò. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 85 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 86. g!las rj~r[Prî ‫ ا‬Ky/[î TO cfUclÊUivr; éC|lp[ dhjaê covj/j)k'fjsr d{fUalu goejH arÍjhl)j Ky/j)kd. Lf[ covj/j)k'fjH c;Cu; Ks!(jH Lf[ Kedlgs/mkduj#. L#l|k eyuk'kî (15 :‫ات‬ ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw hnizmknIsf¶mÂ: AÃmlphnepw Ahsâ ZqXnepw hnizkn¡pIbpw ]n¶oSv kwibn¡mXncn¡pIbpw sNbvXhÀ BIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 49: 15) LfjH c;Cu; K=irlsn(jH LiR demijCIlcj :ujgj)k;. r~j eyÉkî ’: ” “.‘ (857 : ‫ا ﻡ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫: 13، ا‬ ‫)ﻡ‬ ããTO afjhjr[ L/ky[ L#l|ki#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkaj#lsu'[ |{pujH Ky/j&[ ijCIcj)k'isr rJ dlnkdulsn(jH Lir[ rJ cIGz; ésdl!k=ê cSÔl< ilG Lyjuj)kd.ää éakc[hj;î 31, c|J|[ LH-wlajL[ LH~lrjî 857ê ao'las rj~r[Prî ‫ - ا ل‬cIJdgj)kdî TO ilvd; KXsdl=k' LFil, ããL#l|kijsru#lsf :glPj)kilR elmj#ää éhlThl| T#l-L#l|[ê t' :Cu*sx t#l; cIJdgj)kd. ããL#l|ki#lsf :glPj)s/mk' éYefjadX, r~jalG, f*ØlG, QOhjul)X, cIlhj|J*X, a{z*X, rÊYf*X, ~JijalG… fkm*juêfjsr akqkirk; simjukduk; sv$kd. TO clÊUivr; eyukduk;, t'lH Lf[ L;zJdgj)lfjgj)kduk;, LfjH d{fUf ekhGlfjgj)kduk; svu[fiG flsq igk' cod[fjH KXs/Mirlujgj)k;î CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 86 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 87. (36-35 :‫ت‬ ‫)ا‬ ""bYmÀ°¯n Bcm[¡v AÀlmbn AÃmlp AÃmsX thsd Hcp Bcm[ypanà (ُ ‫ ) َ إَِ َ إِ ا‬F¶v AhtcmSv ]dbs¸«mÂ, AhÀ Al¦mcw Sn¡pambncp¶p (AXmbXv AhÀ AXv nckn¡pambncp¶p). {`m´mb Hcp Ihn¡v (_n sb Ipdn¨pÅ kXyntj[nIfpsS hymP Btcm]Ww) th−n R§fpsS ssZh§sf R§Ä Dt]£n¨v IfbWtam F¶v (B kXyntj[nIÄ) tNmZn¡pIbpw sN¿pambncp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 38: 35,36) t'lH, T*sruk=iG T'[ D~ykdsxuk; wly*sxuk; :glPj&[ sdl!jgj)k'igln[. LiG ( ‫) إ إ ا‬ éhlThl| T#l-L#l|[ê t'[ eyuk'ks!(jhk; D~yjsr :glPj)k'f[ LiG KSeÊj)k'j#. Lf[sdl![ ( ‫) إ إ ا‬ éhlThl| T#l-L#l|[ê t'fjsRy :Cu; d{fUalu goejH LiG L;zJdgj&jMj#à rlhlas rj~r[Prî ‫د‬ ‫ - ا‬dJq[in*kdî TO cfUclÊU ivr; éhlThl| T#l-L#l|[ê iUd[fal)k' :Cu*X)[ dJsqlfk*kd. L#l|k eyuk'kî (22 :‫ن‬ ) ""Bsc¦nepw Hcp "aplvkn³' (kÂIÀ½Imcn AYhm, AÃmlphnsâ Xr]vXn am{Xw {]Xo£n¨pw, H«pw temIamyw CÃmsXbpw, H«pw {]iwkn¡s¸SpI F¶Xpw -þ {]ikvXn BÀÖn¡pI F¶Xpw CÃmsX _n bpsS kp¶¯p{]Imcw {]hÀ¯n¡p¶h³) Bbns¡m−v Xsâ hPolv (apJs¯ k½Xs¯, BpIqeyw sIm−v) AÃmlphnv (AYhm, AÃmlphns am{Xw BßmÀßambn Bcm[n¨psIm−v Ahsâ AÂþXuloZp AÂþdp_q_n¿xbpw, AÂþXuloZp AÂþDeqln¿xbpw, AÂþXuloZp AÂþAkvamAv hþAÂþkzn^m¯pw hnizkn¨psIm−v) IogvhW§p¶h³ XoÀ¨bmbpw Gähpw Dd¸pÅ ]nSnIbÀ (em Ceml CÃm CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 87 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 88. AÃmlv AwKoIcn¡Â) Xs¶bmWv Ah³ ]nSn¨ncn¡p¶Xv.'' (JpÀB³ 31: 22). َ ْ ُ ْ‫اْ ُ ْ َ ِ ا‬ ‫وة‬ é]Ëik; Ky/k= ejmjduGê t'[ Tijsm covj/j&f[ ‫: إ إ ا‬dk'k. LfjsRy L;zJdlg; LisRy iwJ|[ éakDs, c+f;, :rkdkhU;ê caG/j)kd t'fln[. Lfluf[ ixsg TD[hlSclsm é:f[alGÒfSulsm, rj<[dx(fSulsm, cfUcr[PfSulsmê L#l|kijr[ dJq[in*kd t'fldk'k. LÖlas rj~r[Prî ‫ - ا ق‬cfUs/mkkdî fsRy |{pu; LyjÉksdl![ ‫ إ إ ا‬t'f[ cfUs/mkkd. rli[ sdl![ eyukduk; |{pu; sdl![ cfUs/mkkduk; svu[fjMj#lsu(jH LiR Qgk akrlEjD[ éQgk iUlw akc[hj;, demijCIlcjêK;, dxi[ eyÉirk; :ujJgk;. L#l|k eyuk'kî . . (10 - 8 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""R§Ä AÃmlphnepw A´yZn¯nepw hnizkn¨ncn¡p¶p F¶v ]dbp¶ (I]ShnizmknIfmb) Nne BfpIfp−v; (bYmÀ°¯nÂ) AhÀ hnizmknIfÃ. AÃmlphnsbpw hnizmknIsfbpw h©n¡phmmWv AhÀ (hymPambn A§ns ]dªv) {ian¡p¶Xv. (hmkvXh¯nÂ) AhÀ Bßh© am{XamWv sN¿p¶Xv, AhcXv aÊnem¡p¶nÃ. AhcpsS aÊpIfn (Im]Sy¯nsâbpw, kwib¯nsâbpw) HcpXcw tcmKap−v. X¶nan¯w AÃmlp AhÀ¡v B tcmKw hÀ²n¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. IÅw ]dªpsIm−ncp¶Xnsâ ^eambn thZtbdnb in£bmWv AhÀ¡p−mbncn¡pI.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 8þ10). ðssCDkH Tc[hl; T~[rk fJajuÈ éy|ja.ê TOalrjsr dkyj&[ eyuk'kî ÞcfUijCIlc; éTOalRê t'lHî é1ê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 88 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 89. ilsalqjuk; éil)k;ê, é2ê. cHdG+ik;, é3ê. rj$k;, é4ê. ck'k; Qgkaj&[ domjufldk'k. dlgn;, cHdG+*X éCjG)[ rjgcj)H, L#l|kijSrlmk alYf; YelGÒj)H, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)H…ê sv$lsf éC|lp[ dhjaê KgkijmH ésiyk; il)kdXê alYfalulH - Lf[ LijCIlc; :dk'k. LfkSelsh, ér#êrj$j#lsf il)kdxk; cHdG+*xk; alYfalulH Lf[ rjElD[ édlemU;ê :dk'k. LfkSelsh, il)kdxk;, cHdG+*xk;, rj$k;, alYfaluj LfjH ck'[ ér~jvgUê Ts#(jH Lf[ ~jp[L[ épkGalGz;ê :dk'k.ß éãdjfl~kH TOalRä - Se. 147 - ssCD[ rlcjG LH- cL[pj, ãLH-dOhk LH-cpJp[,ä Se. 62, plyk f~lf[ 1425 H tmk[ KÓgj&f[ê.ò :ylas rj~r[Prî ُ‫ - ا ﺥ ص‬L#l|kijSrlmk= rj<[dx(fî Tf[ CjG)jsRy é~j;~lglPruksmê akqkiR a[SxVfdxjH rj'k; dG+*sx CkÓJdgj)kd t'fln[. TO cfUclÊU ivr; éC|lp[ dhjaê K&gj)kSÙlX >OfjdSrM; é>Ofjd YeCc[fjê Q'k; hÊU; si)lfjgj)kd, LfkSelsh Lf[ ShldalrUjSrl, YeCc[fjS)l Si!juldlfjgj)kd. Qgk cI|J|lu |pJcjH rak)[ dlnlR clPj)k;î ’: ” (33 : ‫ري: 524، ﻡ‬ ) “.‘ ÞL#l|kijsRy YeJfj alYf; :Yz|j&[ sdl![ :sg(jhk; ãhl-Thl| T#l L#l|[ éL#l|k L#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkaj#êä t'[ eyukdulsn(jH L#l|k Lisr rgdjr[ rj<jÓal)jujgj)k'k.ß é~kDlgjî 425, akc[hj;î 33ê ]qlas rj~r[Prî ‫- ا‬c[Sr|;î ُ ‫ َ إَ َ إ ا‬éuFlGÒjH ِ ِ L#l|k L#lsf :glPr)G|rluj aËlgkaj#ê t' TO clÊUivrsuk;, Lf[ KXsdl=k' éL#l|k alYfaln[ uFlGÒjH :glPUR t'ê :Cusuk;, Lf[ rm/jhl)kilR Si!j YeiGj)k'isguk; éL#l|kijrkSi!j L#l|k dH/j& goejHê c[Sr|j)kd. L#l|k eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 89 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 90. (165 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphnv ]pdsabpÅhsc (Huenbm¡Ä, kzmenlo§Ä, X§·mÀ, _namÀ, aXtXm¡Ä, ]ptcmlnX·mÀ XpS§nbhsc Bcm[¡pth−n kzoIcn¨psIm−v) Ahv (AÃmlphnv) ka³amcm¡p¶ Nne BfpIfp−v. AÃmlpsh kvtln¡p¶Xv t]mse Cu BfpIÄ Ahscbpw kvtln¡p¶p. F¶m kXyhnizmknIÄ AÃmlphntmSv (asä´ns¡mfpw þ aämsc¡mfpw D]cnbmbn) AXniIvXamb kvtlapÅhcs{X.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 165). TO cod[fjH eyuk'f[î ãhl-Thl| T#l L#l|[ éuFlGÒjH L#l|k L#lsf :glPr)G|rluj :gkaj#êä t'f[ YeliGjdal)k' ijCIlcjdX rj<[dx(aluj TD[hlSclsm é:f[alGÒfSulsm, rj<[dx(fSulsm, cfUcr[PfêSulsm é]Ëik; domkfHê L#l|kijsr c[Sr|j)k'k. t'lH CjG)jsRy :xkdX é~j;~, wly, r~j, QOhju fkm*juisg :glPruksm Tr*xlu ijxj&kYelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj LG/j&[ :glPj)k'iGê L#l|kijsruk;, LiSrlsml/; aËk=isguk; éaËk :glPURalsguk;ê ]Ëik; domkfH c[Sr|j)k'k. Tf[ 5 Ligksm ‫ إ إ ا‬ujsh ijCIlcs pkG~hal)k'kàà 5 - Cu kqà¯n (hn. Jp. 2: 165) Du¶n¸dbp¶Xv: AhnizmknIÄ þ Im^ndpIÄ (hgntISnemb apÉo§Ä, Im^ndpIÄ XpS§nbhÀ) AÃmlphnv ]pdsa (_namÀ, Huenbm¡Ä, Pmdþ_nw_w, _nw_w, tbip, XpS§nbh¡v Bcm[bpsS C§fmb: hnfn¨p{]mÀ°, tÀ¨, _en… BÀ¸n¨v) Bcm[n¡p¶p, Ahsc (B _namÀ, Huenbm¡Ä, Pmdþ_nw_w, _nw_w, tbip… XpS§nbhsc) AÃmlpsh kvtln¡p¶Xv t]mse AhÀ kvtln¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p! AYhm, B AhnizmknIÄ (hgntISnemb apÉo§Ä, Im^ndpIÄ XpS§nbhÀ) AhcpsS hymP Bcm[y·msc t]mseXs¶ AÃmlpshbpw hfsc A[nIw kvtln¡p¶p, F¦nepw (AÃmlphnsâ IqsS AhÀ Bcm[n¡p¶hscbpw AhÀ AÃmlphnsâ A{XXs¶ kvtln¡p¶Xv sIm−v) B (]¦v þ inÀ¡v tNÀ¯) kvtlw Ahsc apkveo§fpsS (hnizmknIfpsS) nebn F¯n¡p¶nÃ! F¦n ]ns¶ HcmÄ (Im^nÀ, hgntISnemb apÉow) Xm³ Bcm[n¡p¶hsc (AYhm, _namÀ, CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 90 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 91. ‫ًا رﺱ ُ ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ أن ﻡ‬t' clÊUivrjsRy rj~r[PrdXî 1- YeilvdR uksm gjclh[ éYeilvdfI;êjsr arÍjhl)kd. :Ôgjdaluj |{pu; sdl![ LfjH ijCIcj)kduk; sv$kd. 2- Lf[ rliksdl![ K&gj)kd, ~l|Ualuj édG+*X Lrk<[Aj&[ê Lfjsr arÍjhl)kd é:cIpj&yjukdê. 3- YeilvdR su ejRfkmgkd, YeilvdR ujhosm L#l|k Lifgj/j&f[ L;zJdgj&ksdl![ YeiGj)kduk;, YeilvdR rjSglPj& dlgU*xjH rj'[ ijM[ rjH)kduk; sv$kd. 4- dqjÉ[ Selufk;, iglrjgj)k'fkalu Lp{CUalu dlgU*X éL#l|k Lyjuj&[ sdlmkf[ê YeilvdR eyÉf[ ijCIcj)kd écfUs/mkkdê. 5- é]Ëik; domkfH L#l|kijsr c[Sr|j)kd, Lfjrk SC<; L#l|kijrk Si!j - L#l|kdH/j& goejHê cIÔ; CgJgS)lxk;, cÙ[ - cÔlr; - alflejfl)X - akqkiR wr*X t'jiSu)lxk; r~j su ér~jvgUsu, |pJcjsrê c[Sr|j)kd. 6- éijCkÓ DkG:rjsRy ivr*X :pUik;, ej'Jm[ê aËk= t#ligksm ivrS)lxk; r~j uksm ivrs ér~jvgUsu, Huenbm¡Ä, Pmdþ_nw_w, _nw_w, tbip… XpS§nbhsc) AÃmlpsh¡mfpw IqSpX kvtln¡p¶Xnsâ hn[n F´mbncn¡pw?! Asæn HcmÄ Xm³ Bcm[n¡p¶hsc (AYhm, _namÀ, Huenbm¡Ä, Pmdþ_nw_w, _nw_w, tbip… XpS§nbhsc) IqSmsX asäm¶pw kvtln¡mXncn¡pIbpw, AÃmlpsh H«pw kvtln¡mXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xnsâ hn[n F´mbncn¡pw?! (CsXÃmw Xs¶ "Gähpw IqSpX kvtlw AÃmlphnv am{Xw AÀ¸n¡Â' F¶ lrZb¯nsâ Hcp Bcm[mIÀ½¯n inÀ¡v þ ]¦v tNÀ¡Â BIp¶p!). (AÃmlp ]dbp¶p:) ""F¶m kXyhnizmknIÄ AÃmlphntmSv (asä´nt¡mfpw þ aämtc¡mfqw D]cnbmbn) AXniIvXamb kvtlapÅhcs{X.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 165). (ssiJv A_vZp AÂþhlm_v D²cn¨Xv, "InXm_v AÂþXuloZv' idlv: "AÂþIuep AÂþkZoZv,' t]. 101, Zmdp AÂþY_mXv 1425 ln.). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 91 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 92. |pJcjsrê akÔj/j)kduk;, r~jvgU é|pJc[ê Lrkcgj&[ YeiGj)kduk; sv$kd. érlh[êî g![ clÊUivr*xk; KXsdl=k' dlgU*Xî 1- ‫ أن إ إ ا‬t' clÊUivr; KXsdl=k'f[î L#l|ki#lsf :glPj)s/mk' akqkiR :glPUsguk; simjukd édxil)kdê, Lfln[ ‫ إ‬éhl-Thl|ê t'f[ sdl![ LGÒal)k'f[. :glPrdX L#l|kijr[ alYfal)kd t'fln[ ‫ إ ا‬éT#l-L#l|[ê t'fksdl![ LGÒal)k'f[. t'lH LPjd; :xkdxk; éakc[hJ*xk;ê Tf[ eyuk'ks!(jhk; LfkXsdl=k' :Cu*X LiG wJijfjH edGk'j#àà L*jsruk=iG L#l|ki#liG)[î D~ykdX)k;, wly*X)k;, ér~jalG)k;, QOhjul)X)k;ê, d#kdX)k;, ag*X)k; aËk c{<[mjdX)k; éijxj&kYelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj LG/j&[ê Li)[ iUlw sspijdf épjiUfI;ê dH/j)kduln[ sv$k'f[. Tf[ Qgj)hk; elmj#. ãL#l|kijSrlm[ alYf; YelGÒj)k'f[ SalCaln[, ~jp[Lln[ éekrlvlg;êä t'ln[ T*sruk= éiqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*Xê eyuk'f[àà L#l|kijSrlm[ alYf; YelGÒj)k'isg LiG :SÊej)kduk;, tfjG)kduk; sv$k'kàà Tf[ T'[ rm'[ sdl!jgj)k'kàà ðT~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê eyÉkî ããwof-d{c[fU af*xjsh ~jp[LkdlG - ekrlvlg)lG :ujgk'k L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj&jgk' : sspijd af*sx alËjayj&[ ~j;~lglPr rmk' afal)j Lfjsr LPÈefj/j&f[àà Lfksdl![ Tc[hlajsh Lg; ~jp[LkdlSglm[ éiqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*Sxlm[ê rmk' PG+cag; éwj|lp[ê :dk'k dlEjykdSxlmk= wj|lpjSr)lX SYC<[A;àà dlgn; Tigln[ afs SdmkigklR YCaj)k'iGääò. 2- ‫ أن ﻡ ًا رﺱ ل ا‬t' ‫ا‬ clÊUivr; KXsdl=k'f[î YeilvdR su Lrkcgj)kduk;, cfUs/mkkduk;, YeilvdR ijSglPj&fjH rj'[ ijM[ rjH)kduk;, YeilvdsRy ck'ksdl![ alYf; cH)G+*X YeiGj)kduk;, t#l ~jp[Lkdxk; éiqjSdmkdxk;ê, ekrlvlg*xk; KSeÊj)kduk;, YeilvdR uksm ivr*sx CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 92 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 93. éijCkÓ DkG:rjsRy ivr*X)k SC<;ê aË[ :gksm ivr*Sx)lxk; YelPlrU; rHdkduk; sv$kd. éLÖ[êî Qgk akc[hjajsRy g![ cfUclÊU ivr*sxuk; éC|lp[ dhjasuuk;ê pkG^hs/mkk' dlgU*X. Qgk akc[hjajsRy Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mk' dlgU*X fs'uln[ cfUclÊU ivr*sx éC|lp[ dhjasuêuk; pkG^hs/mkk' dlgU*X. Tgk cfUclÊU ivr*X KgkijM[ sdl!ln[ ark<UR Tc[hlajSh)[ YeSiCj)k'f[, Lf[ KXsdl=k' :Cu*X arÍjhl)js)l!k;, Tc[hlajsRy vj|[r*sx wJijfjH edGlR f$lylujMkaln[ Li rli[ sdl![ Kgkijmk'f[. Lfksdl![ fs' TfjsRy rjG^r[Palu dlgU*xjH rj'[ i#fk; elqluj Selikdulsn(jH g![ cfUclÊU ivr*xk; KVgj&S/lX svu[f dglG h;Zj)s/mk'k. Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mk' éQgk akc[hj; dlEjyldk'ê dlgU*X dG+ Clc[Yf Yzr[F*xjH ãafegjfUlz;ä édkE[Gê t' LPUlujH tÑjeyÉjMk![. LfjH ]Ëik; YePlrs/Mf[ e[ dlgU*xln[. ssCDkH Tc[hl; ak|+p[~[rk L~[pkH i|l~[ éy|ja.ê fsRy Yzr[FjH Lf[ T*sr ijCpal)jujMk![î 1- CjG)[- ðL#l|kijsRy dosm r~jalG, QOhjul)X, wly*X, ~j;~*X fkm*jui)k; :glPruksm Tr*xluî ijxj&kYelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj, Lyi[… fkm*jui LG/j&[ò L#l|kijrk= :glPrujH aËk=isg e([ éCjG)[ê SvGlH éQgk akc[hj; dlEjyldk;ê. L#l|k eyuk'kî (116 ،48 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Xt¶mSv (AÃmlphnv DÅ) Bcm[bn aäpÅhsc ]¦v þ inÀ¡v tNÀ¡s¸SpI F¶Xv (AÃmlphnsâ IqsS aäpÅhÀ¡v {]mÀ°, tÀ¨, _enþAdhv… AÀ¸n¨v Bcm[bn inÀ¡v tNÀ¡p¶Xv) AÃmlp s]mdp¡pIbnÃ, XoÀ¨. AsXmgn¨pÅXv Ah³ Dt±in¡p¶hÀ¡v Ah³ s]mdp¯psImSp¡p¶XmWv.'' (JpÀB³ 4 :48, 116) CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 93 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 94. (72 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphnv (AÀ¸n¡p¶) Bcm[bn aäpÅhsc hÃhpw ]¦v þ inÀ¡v tNÀ¡p¶ ]£w (AÃmlphnsâ IqsS aäpÅhÀ¡v {]mÀ°, tÀ¨, _enþAdhv… AÀ¸n¨v Bcm[bn inÀ¡v tNÀ¡p¶ ]£w) Ah¶v XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlp kzÀKw njn²am¡p¶XmWv. cIw Ahsâ hmkkvYeambncn¡pIbpw sN¿pw. A{IanIÄ (_nw_þPmd Bcm[IÀ, ]m]nIÄ)¡v klmbnIfmbn Bcpw Xs¶bnÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 5: 72) wj'kdX)k; ér~jalG)k;, QOhjul)X)k;, ejClvk)X)k;ê, wly*X)k; ~hjuG/j)k'f[ CjG)ldk'f[ Selshfs' L#l|k L#l aË[ t#liG)kak= ~hjuk; CjG)jH seMfkfs' :dk'k. 4- L#l|kijSh)[ Lmk/~r[Pak!l)kilR Si!j aPUc[FØlsg éD~yjH ayiksvu[f QOhju, r~jalG, C|JpluG fkm*juisgê cIJdgj)kd, : aPUc[FRalSglm[ YelGÒj)kd, LiSglm[ CElLf[ - CkelGC Svlpj)kd, LigjH fi)kH - >gSaHej)kd fkm*jui dkE[y[ :dk'k éQgk akc[hj; dlEjyldk' dlgU*xjH KXs/mk'f[ :dk'kê. TO afijPjujH Tw[alL[ ét#l en[}jfRalgk; Qslgkaj&[ tmk ijPjê K![. AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: (3 : ‫)ا ﻡ‬ ""Ah¶p (AÃmlphn¶v) ]pdsa Huenbm¡sf (c£m[nImcnIsf, ssZhs¯, Bcm[ys) kzoIcn¨hÀ (]dbp¶p:) AÃmlphn¦te¡v R§Ä¡v (B apivcn¡pIÄ¡v, hgntISnemb apÉo§Ä¡v) IqSpX ASp¯ _Ôw D−m¡n¯cphm³ th−n am{XamIp¶p R§Ä Ahsc (B Huenbm¡sfbpw, c£m[nImcnIsfbpw, _namscbpw aäpw… CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 94 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 95. hnfn¨p {]mÀ°, tÀ¨, _enAdhv… AÀ¸n¨v) Bcm[n¡p¶Xv.'' (JpÀ-B³ 39: 3). AÃmlp ho−pw ]dbp¶p: (18 : ‫)ی‬ ""AhÀ¡v D]{Zhtam D]Imctam sN¿m¯Xns AhÀ (B apivcn¡pIÄ) AÃmlphnv ]pdsa Bcm[n¨p sIm−ncn¡p¶p. ChÀ (B hymP Bcm[yÀ) AÃmlphnsâ ASp¡Â R§Ä¡pÅ i^mA¯p(ip]mÀi)¡mÀ BWv F¶v ]dbpIbpw sN¿p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 10: 18). 5- ak|+p[ r~j uksm vgUSu)lX Kaaln[ aËlgksmsu(jhk; vgU t'[ ijCIcj)kd, LfkSelsh r~j uksm ijPjSu)lxk; éDkG:R, |pJc[ Sr)lxk;ê aËlgksmsu(jhk; ijPj Kaalsn'[ ijCIcj)kd. r~j uksm ijPjSu)lX fIlzokdxksm éL#l|ki#ligksmê ijPjsu SYC<[Aal)H fkm*jui éQgk akc[hj; dlEjyldk' dlgU*xjH KXs/mk'kê. 6- ak|+p[ r~j sdl!ki' ]sf(jhk; Qgk dlgUs éDkG:rjshuk;, |pJcjshuk; rjua*sx - ivr*sxê siyk)kdSul, tfjG/[ Yedmj/j)kdSul sv$kd, : siykS/lsm LiRíLiX Lf[ éDkG:rjshuk;, |pJcjshuk; rjua*Xê YeiGj&lhk; dlEjG :dk; éQgk akc[hj; dlEjyldk;ê. 7- ak|+p[ r~j sdl!ki' pJrjH éTc[hlajHê KXs/M ]sf(jhk; Qgk dlgUsSul, Lfjsh rØ)[ YefjEh; djMk'fjSrSul, Lfjsh elejr[ CjÊ djMk'fjSrSul egj|cj)kduk; ekVj)kduk; sv$k'f[ dkE[yldk'k éQgk akc[hj; dlEjyldk' dlgU*xjH KXs/mk'kê. Lfjrk= sfxji[ flsq igk' cod[faln[. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 95 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 96. . (66-65 : ‫)ا‬ ""]dbpI: "AÃmlpshbpw Ahsâ ZrjvSm´§sfbpw Ahsâ ZqXsbpw (JpÀBnsbpw, lZoknsbpw, CkvemanI hn[n þ Nnlv§sfbpw) BtWm n§Ä ]cnlkn¨p sIm−ncn¡p¶Xv? n§Ä HgnhpIgnhpIsfm¶pw ]dtb−. hnizkn¨Xnv tijw n§Ä Ahnizkn¨p (Im^ndmbn) Ignªncn¡p¶p'.'' (JpÀB³ 9: 65þ66) 8- cj|[y[ éalgn;ê, Tf[ sv$kdulsn(jH dkE[G :dk'k éQgk akc[hj; dlEjyldk' dlgU*xjH KXs/mk'kê. Lfjrk= sfxji[î (102 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""F¶m GsXmcmÄ¡v (knlvÀþamcWw) ]Tn¸n¡pt¼mgpw, R§fptSXv Hcp ]co£Ww am{XamIp¶p; AXnm (R§fn n¶v Cu knlvvÀþamcWw ]Tn¨v AXv D]tbmKn¨v n§Ä) ssZhntj[¯n GÀs¸ScpXv F¶v AhÀ (ae¡pIfmb lmdq¯pw amdq¯pw) ]dªpsImSp¡mXncp¶nÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 102). AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: (102 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""F¦nepw ap-jyÀ¡v "knlvdv' (am-c-Ww, B-`n-Nm-cw) ]Tn-¸n-¨p- sIm−v ]nim-Np-¡-fs{X Im^nÀ BbXv (Ahn-iz-kn-¨Xv).'' (JpÀ- B³ 2: 102). lZokv, _n ho−pw ]dªp: CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 96 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 97. ’: : : ” 7 “.‘ (6 : ) ""XoÀ¨bmbpw "AÂþdpJm' (dpJvbmx, inÀ¡pÅþnjn²amb a{´§fpw), "AÂþXambna' (Xaoa, GekpIfpw, Ddp¡pIfpw), "AÂþXnhex' (AYhm knlvvÀþamcWhpw) inÀ¡v BIp¶p (_nw_ þ Pmd Bcm[, ssi¯ms Bcm[n¡Â, ssi¯mn icWw {]m]n¡Â 8 BIp¶p).'' "AÂþXnhex' F¶m knlvÀ (inÀ¡v) BIp¶p;' "`mcyþ`ÀXrkvtlw Iq«phm³ th−n sN¿p¶ HcpXcw knlvvÀ.' (klolv AÂ_mn knÂkne klol: 331þ 1/584, C_vplnºm³ InXm_v Xznºv tm¡pI). 8- akC[gj)kdSxlm[ Sulwj)kduk;, akc[hJ*X)[ tfjgjH Lisg c|luj)kduk; sv$kd t'f[ dkE[G :dk'k éQgk akc[hj; dlEjyldk' dlgU*xjH KXs/mk'kê. Lfjrk= sfxji[î (51 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n§Ä (apÉo§Ä) Bsc¦nepw Ahsc (PqXþIrkvXymnIsf, _nw_ þ Pmd Bcm[Isc kvtlnX·mcmbpw, kwc£Icmbpw, klmbnIfmbpw) Däan{X§Ä þ Huenb Bbn kzoIcn¡p¶ ]£w Ahpw (B ‫و و ُِ ﻡ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻡ ا‬ ‫زو‬ ‫أة إ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا او، ﻡ ی‬ ‫ا ءو‬ : - 6- /1 : ‫‘ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫’ا‬ . ّ ‫ﺥ ف ﻡ ّر ا‬ ‫ر‬ ْ َ‫وی‬ ‫وی‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ده أن ذ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫’ﻡ‬ ،‘ ‫ن ‘ - ا ب ’آ ب ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫’ﺹ‬ ، ‫ا‬ ‘ ‫ا وﺱ‬ ‫’ا‬ ‫485 و‬ ‘. ‫وا‬ ‫ﺹ ‘ - ’ا ب ا‬ ‫ی ا‬ 7 418/4 : ‫ن: 2141، ا آ‬ ‫: 0353، ا‬ ‫ا‬ ،3883 :‫:1/183، أ داود‬ ‫-أ‬ ‫ا ﻡ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ 584/1 331 : ‫ا‬‫ووا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ه ،و‬ 6880 : ‫ا‬ 8 - - Al½Zv: 1/381, A_qZmhqZv: 3883, klolv C_vpamP: 3530, C_vplnºm³: 1412, lm¡nw: 4/418, klolv AÂ_mn knÂkne klol: 331 þ 1/584, AÂ_mn kzlolv AÂPmanAv: 6880. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 97 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 98. apÉnapw) Ahcn s]«h³ Xs¶bmWv. A{IanIÄ (B sXäv sN¿p¶hÀ, AoXn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶hÀ, _nw_ þ Pmd Bcm[IÀ) Bb BfpIsf AÃmlp tÀhgnbnem¡pIbnÃ; XoÀ¨.'' (JpÀB³ 5: 51). 9. akcl r~j uksm CgJL[ éaf rjua;ê DxjG r[ ~lPda#lf[ Selsh ak|+p[ uksm CgJL[ éaf rjua;ê :Gs)(jhk; ~lPda# t'[ ijCIcj)kdulsn(jH LiR dlEjyluj éLijCIlcjulujê. BlR éssCD[ EOclRê eyuk'kî coEjcjH éiqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*xjHê Lfjg[ dijÉ :xkdX rac[dlgjhk; éaËk;ê YeilvdR su ejReËlsf Ligksm cIÔ; Tv[V)[ Svgk' goejH dG+*X Lrk<[Aj)l; t'[ ijPj)kduk;, ijCIcj)kduk; sv$k'fk; TO znjH semk'fln[. 10- Tc[hl;af; eAj)kdSul, wJijfjH edGkdSul sv$lR YCaj)lsf Tc[hl;afs Liznj)kduk;, KSeÊj)kduk; sv$kd dkE[G :dk'k éQgk akc[hj; dlEjyldk' dlgU*xjH KXs/mk'kê. Lfjrk= sfxji[î (3 :‫ف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Im^nÀIfmIs« (kXyntj[nIfmIs«) X§Ä¡v Xm¡oXv ÂIs¸«Xp {i²n¡msX XncnªpIfbp¶hcmIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 46: 3) .(22 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Xsâ dºnsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) ZrjvSm´§sf¸än DÂt_m[w ÂIs¸«n«v Ahbn n¶v Xncnªp Ifªhs¡mÄ A{Ianbmbn Bcp−v? XoÀ¨bmbpw A¯cw apPvcnapIfpsS (Im^ndpIÄ, kXyntj[nIÄ, _nw_ þ Pmd Bcm[IÀ, ]m]nIÄ XpS§nbhcpsS) t]cn mw in£m S]SnsbSp¡p¶XmWv.'' (JpÀB³ 32: 22). ssCD[ ak|+p[~[rkH L~[pk LH-i|l~[ éy|ja.ê eyuk'kî TO dlgU*sx#l;fs' :sg(jhk; falCSulsmulsn(jhk;, zOgiSlsmulsn(jhk;, CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 98 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 99. >ulhlsn(jhk; YeiGj&lH ixsg Ledm; rjyÉfln[. TfjHrj'[ rjG^r[Pjflic[FujH alYfsa Qqjik=o. t'lH eh akc[hJ*xk; TO sfËjH seM[ Seldk'k![à Lfksdl![ akqkiR akc[hJ*sxuk; Tfjsr c;~r[Pj&[ S~lPiH)gjS)!f[ LfUliCUaln[. flR cIÔ; LfjH seM[ Seldk'f[ coÊjS)!fkak![. L#l|kijsRy Sdle; h>j)k'fjH rj'k;, LisRy SiprSuyju CjÊ h>j)k'fjH rj'k; L#l|kijSrlm[ gÊ Svlpj)k'k. éLKOpk~j-L#l|[ê. * * * af rjuajH LrkiprJual)hk;, rj<jÓal)hk; L#l|kijsRy LPjdlgjHs/Mf[ ‫ی‬ ‫ - ا‬af rjua;î L#l|kijsRy LPjdlgjH KXs/Mfln[ afrjua rjG+ln;, Tfksdl![ LGÒal)k'f[ L#l|k fsRy LmjadX)[ éark<UG)[ê wJijfSrGiqjuluj Ty)k' ijCIlcjrk;, segkalËvMjrk;, aËk dG+*X)kaluj éak|+p[ ujhosmê Lifgj/j&jMk= rjua*xln[. LfjH, |yl; éijh)s/Mf[ê, |hlH éLrkipj)s/Mf[ê :u dlgU*X KXs/mk'k. L#l|k LrkiprJual)juf[ é|hlHê L#lsf asËl'k; LrkiprJu; é|hlHê :)kilrk;ï L#l|k rj<jÓal)juf[ é|yl;ê L#lsf asËl'k; rj<jÓ; é|yl;ê :)kilrk; :G)k; LPjdlgaj#. L#l|k eyuk'kî (116 : ‫)ا‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 99 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 100. ""n§fpsS mhpIÄ hntijn¸n¡p¶Xnsâ (hymtaml¯nsâ) ASnkvYm¯n CXv AphZobamWv, CXv njn²amWv F¶n§s IÅw ]dbcpXv. n§Ä AÃmlphnsâ t]cn IÅw sI«n¨abv¡pIbs{X (AXnsâ ^ew).'' (JpÀB³ 16: 116). (59 : ‫)ی‬ ""]dbpI: (Hm apl½Zv! n§Ä _nw_ þ Pmd Bcm[ItcmSv ]dbpI): "AÃmlp n§Ä¡v Cd¡n¯¶ Blmcs¯¸än n§Ä Nn´n¨n«pt−m? F¶n«v AXn (NneXv) n§Ä njn²hpw (thsd NneXv) AphZobhpw B¡nbncn¡p¶p.' ]dbpI: "AÃmlphmtWm n§Ä¡v (AXv njn²hpw þ AphZobhpw B¡p¶Xnv) AphmZw X¶Xv? AXÃ, n§Ä AÃmlphnsâ t]cn (IÅw) sI«n¨abv¡pIbmtWm?'' (JpÀB³ 10: 59). ijCkÓ DkG:rjH rj'k; fjgkck'jH rj'k; sfxjij#lsf |yl; éijh)s/Mf[ê - |hlH éLrkipj)s/Mf[ê :)k'f[ L#l|k ijSglPj&jgj)k'k. alYfa# L*jsr sv$k'f[ L#l|kijsRy SegjH dxi[ sdMj&au[)H éiRele;ê :dk'k. :sg(jhk; éDkG:rjH rj'k; |pJcjH rj'k;ê sfxjij#lsf Qgk dlgU; |yl; éijh)s/Mf[ê t'k;, Ls#(jH |hlH éLrkipj)s/Mf[ê t'k; alËjayj)k'f[ LiR cIu; fs', L#l|kijr[ alYf; LidlCs/M éyk~o~j$ÈujH KXs/mk'ê CgJLjsRy éafrjuajsRyê rjG+ln LPjdlgjH L#l|kijH e([ - CjG)[ SvG)k' ijCIlcaln[ cIJdgj)k'f[à L#l|k eyuk'kî (21 :‫رى‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AXÃ, AÃmlp AphZn¨n«nÃm¯ Imcyw aX¯n AhÀ¡v AphZn¨p sImSp¯ hà ]¦mfnIfpw (hymP ssZh§Ä) AhÀ¡pt−m?'' (JpÀB³ 42: 21). L#l|k L#l i# afrjua éCgJL[ê rjG+lflijsr :sg(jhk; L;zJdgj)kduk;, : CgJLjSrlm[ éafrjuajSrlm[ê Sulwj)kduk;, Lf[ Lrkcgj)kduk; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 100 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 101. sv$kdulsn(jH LiR éL#l|kijsRy yk~o~j$ÈujH KXs/mk' CgJL[ rjG+ln LPjdlgjHê L#l|kijSrlsml/; ekfju CgJL[ rjG+lflijsr e([ - CjG)[ SvG)k' ijCIlcaln[ cIJdgj)k'f[à L#l|k eyuk'kî (121 :‫م‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n§Ä Ahsc (lemens ldmapw, ldmans lemepw B¡n ssi¯msâ {]tNmZ¯m ZpÀhymJymn¡p¶ ]ÞnX·mscbpw, ]ptcmlnX·mscbpw, aXtXm¡·mscbpw) Apkcn¡p¶ ]£w XoÀ¨bmbpw n§Ä apivcn¡v (AÃmlphnsâ aXnba nÀ½mW A[nImc¯n ]¦v þ inÀ¡v tNÀ¡p¶ hnizmkw DÅhÀ) Bbnt¸mIpw.'' (JpÀB³ 6: 121) Lfluf[ L#l|k |ylal)jufjsr |hlhl)kduk;, éSrsg fjgj&[ L#l|k |hlhl)jufjsr |ylal)kduk;ê sv$k'isg Lrkcgj)kdSul éLigksm : rjua; L;zJdgj)kdsulê svu[flH LiRíLiX Qgk akC[gj)[ éLFil, L#l|kijsRy afrjuarjG+ln LPjdlgjH e(kdlsg SvGk ijCIcj)k'iGê :dk'fln[à. Lfluf[, L#l|k Lrkipj&f[ rj<jÓal)k' ekSgl|jfRalsguk;, afSrfl)Ralsguk;, éen[}jfØlsguk;ê Lrkcgj)k'iG L#l|ki#lisg y^kdX :)juiglsn'[ L#l|k eyuk'k éLFil, L#l|kijsRy afrjuarjG+ln LPjdlgjH e(kdlsg SvGk ijCIcj)k'iG :dk'kê, L#l|k eyuk'kî (31 : ‫)ا‬ ""AhcpsS (PqXþIrkvXymnIfpsS) ]WvUnX³amscbpw ]ptcmlnX³amscbpw aÀbansâ aImb akolv (Cukm )sbpw AÃmlphnv ]pdsa AhÀ (PqXþIrkvXymnIÄ) dºpIfmbn kzoIcn¨p, (AYhm, Cu ]ÞnX·mÀ kz´w Cã{]Imcw AÃmlp lemem¡nbXv ldmapw, AÃmlp ldmam¡nbXv lemepw B¡nbt¸mÄ AXn CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 101 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 102. Ahsc Apkcn¨psIm−v PqXþIrkvXymnIÄ AÃmlphnv FXnÀ {]hÀ¯n¨p, A{]Imcw Cukm s ssZhambpw AhÀ kzbw kzoIcn¨p). F¶m GIssZhs¯ (AÃmlphns am{Xw) Bcm[n¡m³ am{Xambncp¶p (Xudm¯neqsSbpw, C©oeneqsSbpw) AhÀ IÂ]n¡s¸«ncp¶Xv. "em Ceml CÃm lph' þ Bcm[n¡s¸Sm³ AÀlmbn AhÃmsX (AÃmlphÃmsX) bmsXmcp ssZhhpanÃ. AhÀ Bcm[bn inÀ¡v þ ]¦v tNÀ¡p¶hcn n¶v Ah³ (AÃmlp) F{Xtbm ]cnip²³!'' (JpÀB³ 9: 31). lZokv: _n ]dªp: ’: ” : ‫)ا‬ ‘ ’: ‘ ’: .(31 : ‘. ’: ‘ 9“.‘ ’ ""Hcn-¡Â _n Cu JpÀ-B³ kqàw AhcpsS ]ÞnX³amscbpw ]ptcmlnX³amscbpw aÀbansâ aImb akolns (Cukm _n s)bpw AÃmlphnv ]pdsa AhÀ dºpIÄ (ssZhw, ssZhnI nba§Ä kz´w CNvO¡pkrXw amänadn¡p¶ d-ºnamÀ þ ]ptcmlnX·mÀ) Bbn kzoIcn¨p. (JpÀ- B³ 9: 31) HmXn-b-t¸mÄ, AZv¿v _n tbmSp ]dªp: "AhÀ (B Ir-kvXymn-IÄ) Ahsc (B ]ptcm-ln-X-·m-sc-bpw, ]Þn-X- ·m-sc-bpw) Bcm-[n-¨n-cp-¶nÃ' (F¶v), At¸mÄ _n ]dªp, "XoÀ¨-bmbpw AhÀ Bcm-[n¨p; F§nssb¶mÂ, AhÀ (B ]p- tcm-lnX·mcpw, d-ºnamcpw þ ]Þn-X-·mcpw) lem (AÃmlp A- 9 ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ى: 01/611، ا ﻡ ي: 5903 وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫- -ا‬ .‫ا ﻡ ي‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 102 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 103. p-h-Z-o-bam-¡n-bXv, AhcpsS kz´w CjvS-{]-Imcw) l-dmapw (n- jn²hpw); tsc adn¨pw B¡n-b-t¸mÄ AhÀ (B IrkvXym-n- IÄ) AXp kzoIcn¨p! AXp Xs¶-bmWv AhÀ¡pÅ (B ]ptcm- ln-X-·mÀ¡pw, ]Þn-X-·mÀ¡p-ap-Å) Bcm-[ (AYhm, 10 inÀ¡v).'' ssCD[ L~[pk LH-y|[alR ~[rk |cR éy|ja.ê eyÉkî ÞL#l|kijsRy rjua*sx tfjG)k' afijPj rHdk' afen[}jfRalsguk;, afSrfl)sxuk; éafc;ZmrSuuk;ê Lrkcgj)k'f[ L#l|kijsr domlsf LiG)k= Qgk :glPruk;, L#l|k Qgj)hk; selykkfgl ihju elealu CjG)jH seMfkaln[à L#l|k éDkG:R 9î31-l;ê cod[fjsRy Liclr; Lfln[ eyuk'f[î (31 : ‫)ا‬ ""F¶m GIssZhs¯ (AÃmlphns) Bcm[n¡m³ am{Xambncp¶p (Xudm¯neqsSbpw, C©oeneqsSbpw) AhÀ (PqXþIrkvXymnIÄ) IÂ]n¡s¸«ncp¶Xv. "em Ceml CÃm lph' þ Bcm[n¡s¸Sm³ AÀlmbn AhÃmsX (AÃmlphÃmsX) bmsXmcp ssZhhpanÃ. AhÀ Bcm[bn inÀ¡v þ ]¦v tNÀ¡p¶hcn n¶v Ah³ (AÃmlp) F{Xtbm ]cnip²³!'' (JpÀB³ 9: 31). TfkSelsh fs'uln[ flsq igk' cod[fik;î (121 :‫م‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphnsâ maw ("_nkvan AÃmlv' F¶v arK§sf Adp¡pt¼mÄ) D¨cn¡s¸Sm¯ (amwk)¯n n¶v (Hm hnizmknIsf,) n§Ä Xn¶cpXv. XoÀ¨bmbpw AXv A[À½w (Hcp]m]hpw, AÃmlphntmSpÅ ApkcWt¡Spw) BIp¶p. 10 - - ss_l-Jn Ip_vdm: 10/116, XnÀanZn: 3095, kzlolv XnÀa-nZn-bn AÂ_mn lk-m-¡n-b-Xv. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 103 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 104. n§tfmSv XÀ¡n¡phm³ th−n ]nimNp¡Ä (apjycn n¶pÅ) AhcpsS an{X§Ä¡v XoÀ¨bmbpw ZpÀt_m[w ÂIns¡m−ncn¡pw. n§Ä Ahsc (lemens ldmapw, ldmans lemepw B¡n ssi¯msâ {]tNmZ¯m ZpÀhymJymn¡p¶ ]ÞnX·mscbpw, ]ptcmlnX·mscbpw, aXtXm¡·mscbpw) Apkcn¡p¶ ]£w XoÀ¨bmbpw n§Ä apivcn¡v (AÃmlphnsâ aXnba nÀ½mW A[nImc¯n inÀ¡v tNÀ¡p¶ hnizmkw DÅhÀ) Bbnt¸mIpw.'' (JpÀB³ 6: 121). afSrfl)sx Lr[Paluj ejReËju éfD[hJp[ svu[f LFil, r~j eAj/j& sfxjikdxj#lsf ejReËjuê LPjd akc[hJ*X)k; TO sfË[ eËjujMk![àà :sgulSnl Lr[Paluj ejReËk'f[ LiG sfxjijr[ éijCkÓ DkG:rjrk;, |pJcjrk;ê tfjgluj i# dlgU*xk; eyukSÙlX Lfjr[ sfxji[ DkG:rk;, |pJck;ê LSrI<j)lsf Lisg Lr[Paluj ejReËju dlgnlH fs' : akc[hJ*X TO CjG)jH éLFil, L#l|kijsRy afrjuarjG+ln LPjdlgjH e(k - CjG)[ SvGk ijCIcj)k'igjHê Lds/M[ SelujMk![.ß ssCD[ L~[pk LH-y|[alR ~[rk |cR éy|ja.êuksm KÓgnjdX Tijsm Liclrj)k'k. Tc[hl;afjH L#l|kijsRy afrjua*X alYf; cIJdgjS)!fk;, Lf#l aËk afrjua*X simjSu!fk; cfUclÊU ivrjsRy éC|lp[ dhjauksmê rj~r[PrujH KXs/Mfldk'k. L#l|kijH L>u; Sfmk'k. * * * T~lpjsRy é:glPruksmê LGÒik;, Tr*xk; 1- T~lpjsRy é:glPruksmê LGÒ;î :glPruksm Lmjc[FlrZmd*X L#l|kijSrlmk= Lrkcgnik;, L#l|kijsRy rjua*X)[ dJsqlfk*hkaln[. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 104 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 105. Tc[h;afjH T~lpjr[ Qgkelm[ rjG%vr; dlnl;, t(jhk; QSg :Cu*sxuln[ Lisu#l; covj/j)k'f[. Qgk rjG%vr;, :glPr t'lHî ããL#l|k dHej& dlgU*X YeilvdR su Lrkdgj&[ sdl![ éYeilvdR dlnj&kf' LSf goejHê wJijfjH edGj L#l|kijsr Lrkcgj)kdää t'fln[. asËlgk rjG%vr;, :glPr t'lHî ããL#l|kijsRy rjua*X ijCIcj&k;, YeDUlej&k;, YeiGj&k;ê L#l|kijr[ dJsqlfk*j wJij)kd, Lf[ L#l|kijsr ixsguPjd; c[Sr|Slsmuk; LS*uË; LrkcgnSlsmuk; :ujgj)kd.ää t'lH éT~lpjsRy LFil, :glPruksmê d{fUalu rjG%vr; TYedlgaln[î ÞL#l|k T<[ms/mkduk; f{e[fjs/mkduk; sv$k' il)kdxk; dG+*xk; - YefUÊaluj dlnk'fk; éYelGÒr, rac[dlg;, SrlÙ[… fkm*juiê, SzleUalufk; éarÍjsh rj$[, L#l|kijSrlmk= c[Sr|; - f{e[fj, c[fkfj, rÕj… fkm*juiê, éak|+p[ ujhosm L#l|k dh[ej&[ rjuaal)jufln[ê T~lp[ LFil, :glPr. éssCDkH Tc[hl; T~[rkssfaj$È eyÉf[, Ef|kH awJp[, Se. 18, plykÍhl;, yjulp[ - 1424 |j.ê. T~lp[ é:glPrê t'f[ ijijP Liui*X sdl![ sv$k'iuluj fg; fjgj)l;. |{pu;, rli[, aËk ~l|UCgJgLiui*X fkm*jui sdl![ sv$k' :glPrdX :uj Li fg; fjgj&jgj)k'kî |{pu; sdl!k= :glPrdXî L#l|kijSrlmk= c[Sr|;, L#l|kijhk= YefJÊ, 11 L#l|kijSrlmk= >u; , L#l|kijH fi)kH éijCIcj&[ 11 - Ju^v (t]Sn, `bw): ssiJv A_vZp AÂþdlvam³ C_vp lʳ BepssiJv ]dbp¶p: AÂþJu^v (t]Sn, `bw) aq¶v cq]¯nemIp¶p: AÂþJu^v (t]Sn, `bw) H¶mas¯ cq]w: B´cnIamb (aÊnpÅnepÅ) t]Sn: AXv _nw_w, XmKqXv (AYhm: AÃmlphnv ]pdsa Bcm[n¡s¸Sp¶ Pmd§Ä, Huenbm¡Ä, tbip, _namÀ XpS§nbh)bn n¶v Xns¡Xnsc CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 105 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 106. hÃXpw (tcmKw, sIme, Zmcn{Zyw...) kw`hn¡ptamsb¶ t]Sn BIp¶p! JpÀB³ ]dbp¶p: R§fpsS Bcm[y·mcn (ssZh§fnÂ) HcmÄ n¡v Ft´m tZmj_m[ Dfhm¡nbncn¡p¶p F¶v am{XamWv R§Ä¡v ]dbmpÅXv. lqZv (_n ) ]dªp: "n§Ä ]¦mfnIfmbn tNÀ¡p¶ (AYhm: AÃmlphnv ]pdsa Bcm[n¡p¶ Pmd§Ä, Huenbm¡Ä, _nw_w XpS§nbhbnÂ) bmsXm¶pambpw Fn¡v _Ôanà F¶Xnv Rm³ AÃmlpsh km£n nÀ¯p¶p. (n§fpw) AXn¶v km£nIfmbncn¡pI. AXpsIm−v n§Ä FÃmhcpw IqSn Fns¡Xncn X{´w {]tbmKn¨v sImÅpI. F¶n«v n§Ä Fn¡v CSXcnIbpw th−. Fsâbpw n§fpsSbpw dºmb AÃmlphnsâ ta RmnXm `ctaÂ]n¨ncn¡p¶p (Xh¡p sNbvXncn¡p¶p). bmsXmcp P´phpw Ah³ (AÃmlp) AXnsâ sdpIbn ]nSn¡p¶ (nb{´n¡p¶)Xmbn«ÃmsXbnÃ. XoÀ¨bmbpw Fsâ dºv (krjvSmhv, kwc£I³) tcmb ]mXbnemIp¶p (JpÀB³ 11: 54þ56), Xsâ ASna¡v AÃmlp aXnbmbhÃtbm? Ah¶v (AÃmlphnv) ]pdsabpÅhsc ]än AhÀ ns¶ t]Sn¸n¡p¶p. (JpÀB³ 39: 36). C¯cw t]Sn Xs¶bmWv J_dns (AYhm: AÃmlphnv ]pdsa Bcm[n¡p¶ Pmd§Ä, Huenbm¡Ä, tbip, _namÀ XpS§nbhsc)bpw hn{Kl§sfbpw Bcm[n¡p¶hÀ AhcpsS B Bcm[ysc t]Sn¡p¶Xv! XuloZv {]t_m[w sN¿p¶hÀ AhtcmSv: "n§Ä AÃmlphnv ]pdsa Bcm[n¡p¶ Pmd§Ä, (Huenbm¡Ä, tbip, _namÀ XpS§nbhsc) hn«v AÃmlphns am{Xw Bcm[n¡Ww' F¶v ]dbpt¼mÄ, AhÀ CXv (Pmd§fpsS, Huenbm¡fpsS, _nw_§fpsS t]cv) ]dªv XuloZv {]t_m[Isc t]Sn¸n¡p¶p! C¯cw t]Sn Hcmfnse XuloZnepÅ hnizmks¯ njv^eam¡p¶p! AÂþJu^v (t]Sn, `bw) c−mas¯ cq]w: Nnesc (AÃmlp AÃm¯hsc) `b¡q¶Xv ImcWw HcmÄ AÃmlp Iån¨ Imcy§Ä sN¿mXncn¡p¶p, CXv njn²hpw, (AÃmlphns `b¡p¶Xpt]msesbm, AXne[nIsam AÃmlphnv ]pdsabpÅhsc `b¡p¶p, CXv) AÃmlphnepÅ hnizmk¯n ]¦v þ inÀ¡v tNÀ¡q¶ `bamIp¶p. C¯cw t]Sn Hcmfn XuloZnepÅ hnizmkw icnbmIp¶Xns CÃmXm¡p¶p! (AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: Fs¶ (AÃmlphns) am{Xta n§Ä `bs¸Smhq . (JpÀB³ 2: 40). CXpt]mepÅ ImcWw sIm−mbncp¶p Xmsg hcp¶ hnip² JpÀB³ kqàw AÃmlp Cd¡nbXv: AXv (n§sf `bs¸Sp¯m³ {ian¨Xv) ]nimNp am{XamIp¶p. Ah³ Xsâ an{X§sf¸än (n§sf) `bs¸Sp¯pIbmWv. AXnm n§fhsc `bs¸SmsX Fs¶ (AÃmlphns am{Xw) `bs¸SpI, n§Ä CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 106 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 107. kXyhnizmknIfmsW¦n . (JpÀB³ 3: 175). AXpt]mse, Hcp lZokn C§s ImWmw: ""AÃmlp JnbmaXv mfn Xsâ ASnatbmSv (hnNmcWbnÂ) ]dbpw: "F´v {]ivw sIm−mbncp¶p o Xn· I−t¸mÄ AXv XSbmXncp¶Xv?' At¸mÄ AbmÄ ]dbpw: "AXv Rm³ BfpIsf `bs¸«Xv sIm−mbncp¶p,' At¸mÄ AÃmlp ]dbpw: "o `bs¸SpIbmsW¦n AXnv IqSpX AhImis¸«Xv Fs¶ (AÃmlphns) am{Xw `bs¸Sp¶Xmbncp¶p'.'' (AlvaZv: 3/30, 48). AÂþJu^v (t]Sn, `bw) aq¶mas¯ cq]w: CXv AÂþJu^v Xz_oCu (kzm`mhnIamb t]Sn, `bw) BIp¶p, AYhm, i{Xphnssbm, (hyarKs¯sbm, Xo¿nssbm) asäm t]Sn¡emIp¶p CXv, (CXpsIm−v {]iv§Ä CÃ).'' (ssiJv A_vZp AÂþdlvam³ C_vp lʳ BepssiJv, "^Xvlv AÂþaPoZv' þ idlv InXm_v AÂþXuloZv, t]. 386). F¶mÂ, {]hmNI·mÀ¡pw, k¨cnXÀ¡pw Nne kµÀ`§fn C¯cw kzm`mhnIamb t]Snbpw (`bhpw) CÃmbncp¶p, AXnv DZmlcWamWv: C{_mlo s Xo¿n Fdnbs¸«t¸mgpw, _n bpw klm_nIfpw J´¡v bp²thfbn `bmI kw`h§fp−mbt¸mgpw aäpw AhÀ AÃmlphn Xh¡p sNbvXv (`cta¸n¨v) AÃmlphnsâ Ap{Kl¯m c£s¸«v nÀ`bcmbXv, Hcp lZokn C§s ImWmw: ""C{_mlow _n (i{Xp¡fmÂ) Xo¿n Fdnbs¸«t¸mÄ ]dªp: "`cta¸n¡p¶hÀ¡v (Xh¡p sN¿p¶hÀ¡v) AÃmlphmWv nAvaþAÂþh¡o (hfsc Ap{Kln¡p¶ c£I³), A§s AÃmlphn¦Â n¶pÅ Ap{Klw sIm−v bmsXmcp tZmjhpw C{_mlow _n ¡v _m[n¨nÃ, AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: mw (AÃmlp) ]dªp: Xot¿, o C{_mloanv( ) XWp¸pw kam[mhpambncn¡pI. At±l¯nsâ Imcy¯n Hcp X{´w {]tbmKn¡phm³ AhÀ (AhnizmknIÄ) Dt±in¨p. F¶m Ahsc Gähpw jvSw ]änbhcm¡pIbmWv mw (AÃmlp) sNbvXXv . (JpÀB³ 21: 69, 70) ; AXpt]mse apl½Zv _n tbmSv: "HcpIq«w BfpIÄ (henb i{Xpssky§Ä) n§Äs¡Xnsc Hcpan¨p IqSnbn«p−v, AXpsIm−v n§Ä Ahsc `b¡pI!' F¶v ]dbs¸«t¸mÄ, AXv AhcpsS Cuam³ (kXyhnizmkw) hÀ²n¸n¨p, (At¸mÄ C{_mlow _n ]dªXpt]mse) Ahcpw ]dªp: "`mcta¸n¡p¶hÀ¡v (Xh¡p sN¿p¶hÀ¡v) AÃmlphmWv nAvaþAÂþh¡oÂ' (Gähpw Ãh®w Ap{Kln¡p¶ c£I³) F¶v' .'' "" A§s AÃmlphn¦Â n¶pÅ Ap{Klhpw HuZmcyhpw sIm−v bmsXmcp tZmjhpw _m[n¡msX AhÀ aS§n .'' (JpÀB³ 3: 173þ174). (_pJmcn: 4563). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 107 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 108. 12 >gSaH/j)H ê, L#l|kijhk= >u>d[fj… fkm*jui |{pu; sdl![ sv$k' :glPrdxjH éT~lpjHê KXs/mk'k. 12 - `ctaÂ]n¡Â (Xh¡pÂ): ssiJv A_vZp AÂþdlvam³ C_vp lʳ BepssiJv, "^Xvlv AÂþaPoZv' ]dªp: AÃmlp AÃm¯hcnepÅ `ctaÂ]n¡Â (Xh¡pÂ) c−pXc¯nemWpÅXv: H¶mas¯ Xcw (inÀ¡mIp¶) Xh¡pÂ: CXv AÃmlphnv AÃmsX aämÀ¡pw km[n¡m¯ (A`uXnI amÀK¯neqsS e`n¡p¶) klmb§Ä {]Xo£n¨v AÃmlphÃm¯hcn Xh¡pem¡Â (`cta¸n¡Â) BIp¶p, CXv henb inÀ¡v BIp¶p. AXmbXv: i^mAXv (]ctemI ip]mÀi), c£, PohntXm]mZnIÄ XpS§nbh {]Xo£n¨v acn¨pt]mbhcnepw, XmKq¯pIfnepw (AYhm: AÃmlphnv ]pdsa Bcm[n¡s¸Sp¶ Pmd§Ä, Huenbm¡Ä, tbip, _namÀ, _nw_§Ä XpS§nbhcnÂ) Xh¡p (hnizkn¨v `ctaÂ]n¡Â) sN¿emIp¶p. c−mas¯ Xcw Xh¡pÂ: CXv {]Xy£¯n ImWp¶ (Imcykm[yX¡v th−nbpÅ) `cta¸n¡Â (Xh¡pÂ) BIp¶p, AYhm AÃmlphnÂn¶v ÂIs¸Sp¶ PohntXm]mZnIÄ, IjvS¸mSv o¡Â XpS§nbh¡v (Pohn¨ncn¡p¶) `cWIÀ¯mhnepw, kp¯mnepw aäpw `cta¸n¡Â (Xh¡p sNbvXv AhcnÂn¶v AXv {]Xo£n¡Â) BIp¶p, CXv sNdnb inÀ¡v BIp¶p. F¶mÂ, aäpÅhcnepÅ PmCkv (AphZobw) Bb h¡mex: CXv (Pohn¨ncn¡p¶) apjyÀ X½n At§m«pant§m«pw AhÀ¡v km[n¡p¶ Imcy§Ä ({]Xy£¯nÂ) Bhiys¸Sepw, klmbn¡epw BIp¶p, At¸mgpw B ]ckv]cw Bhiys¸Sp¶ Imcy§Ä Ffp¸¯nepw, im´n þ kam[mt¯msSbpw, (AphZobamb cp]¯nepw) Bbn¯ocp¶Xnv Chbpw AÃmlphn Xh¡p sN¿Ww, AXÃmsX (AYhm, Xh¡p sN¿msX) B ]ckv]cw Bhiys¸Sp¶ Imcy§Ä am{Xw Bkv]Zam¡nbncn¡cpXv.'' (ssiJv A_vZp AÂþdlvam³ C_vp lʳ BepssiJv, "^Xvlv AÂþaPoZv' þ idlv InXm_v AÂþXuloZv, t]. 396  D²cn¨Xv. AXpt]mse, ssiJv kpsseam³ C_vp A_vZp AÃmlv, "ssXkodp AÂþAkokp AÂþlaoZv' þ idlv InXm_v AÂþXuloZv, t]. 338 epw D²cn¨Xv). Camw C_vp J¿nw(dlna.) ]dªp: Xmsg hcp¶ kqà¯nsâ hniZoIcWw: n§Ä kXyhnizmknIfmsW¦n AÃmlphn n§Ä Xh¡p sN¿pI (hnizkn¨v `ctaÂ]n¡pI) (JpÀB³ 5: 23), F¶XneqsS AÃmlphn CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 108 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 109. rlik;, |{puik; sdl!k= :glPrdXî fc[~J|[ éL#l|kijsRy egjCkÓjsu YedJGj)Hê, f|[hJH éhlThl| T# L#l|[ KgkijmHê, fd[~JG éL#l|kijsRy a|fIs YedJGj)Hê, |;p[ éL#l|kijr[ c[fkfjuk;, rÕjuk; LG/j)Hê, Ckd[y[ éL#l|kijr[ rÕj Xh¡p sN¿Â (`ctaÂ]n¡Â) kXyhnizmk¯nsâ (Cuamnsâ) Hcp nÀ_Ô n_Ô (iÀXzv) B¡nbncn¡p¶p. A§s Xh¡pen anI¨v n¡pt¼mÄ þ Cuampw (kXyhnizmkhpw) anI¨XmIp¶p F¶v CXv Ipdn¡p¶p! asämcp kqà¯nÂ: aqkm( ) ]dªp: Fsâ P§tf, n§Ä AÃmlphn hnizkn¨n«ps−¦n Ah¦Â (AÃmlphn¦Â) n§Ä `ctaÂ]n¡pI þ n§Ä apÉo§Ä BsW¦n (JpÀB³ 10: 84) F¶XneqsS AÃmlphn Xh¡p sN¿p¶Xv sIm−v Hcmfn CÉmapw icnbmIpw F¶pw Ipdn¡p¶p. AXmbXv, ZrVambn hnizkn¡p¶ FÃmhcpw (FÃm Cuam³ DÅhcpw) ZrVambn Xh¡p sN¿p¶hcmbncn¡pw; AXpt]mse, Cuamn (hnizmk¯nÂ) ZrVXbnÃm¯hcn Xh¡p sN¿p¶Xnepw ZrVXbp−mInÃ! AXpsIm−pXs¶ Xh¡pen ZrVXbnÃm¯hcn Cuampw (kXyhnizmkhpw) ZrVXbp−mInà F¶Xnv bmsXmcp kwibhpanÃ! AÃmlp Xh¡pensbpw þ Bcm[sbbpw X½n tbmPn¸n¨n«p−v, AXpt]mse Xh¡pensbpw þ Cuamnsbpw X½nepw, Xh¡pensbpw þ "XJvh'sb (ssZh `bs¯)bpw X½nepw, Xh¡pensbpw þ Ckvemansbpw X½nepw, Xh¡pensbpw þ "lnZmbx'¯ns (k·mÀK¯ns)bpw X½nepw AÃmlp tbmPn¸n¨n«p−v! AXv hyàam¡p¶Xv: Xh¡p (AÃmlphn hnizkn¨v `ctaÂ]n¡Â) F¶Xv Cuampw, Clvkmpw (ZrVamb hnizmkhpw, DbÀ¶ [À½njvTbpw) nen¡phmpÅ ASn¯dbm¡nbncn¡p¶p F¶mWv, AXpt]mse, CÉmansâ FÃm ApjvTm§fpsSbpw (ASn¯dbpam¡nbncn¡p¶p Xh¡pÂ). Ahbn AXnsâ (AYhm: Cuam³, Clvkm³, XJvh, XpS§nb ApjvTm§fnÂ) Xh¡pensâ Ømw icoc¯n Xe¡pÅ Ømw t]mse ({]m[myapÅXv) BIp¶p, AXpt]mse, icoc¯nsâ apIfn (AYhm: Cuam³, Clvkm³, XJvh XpS§nb ApjvTm§fnÂ) AÃmsX Xe (Xh¡pÂ) D−mIp¶panÃ! A§s icnbmb Xh¡p IqSmsX icnbmb Cuampw (kXyhnizmkhpw), B CuamnÂn¶p−mIp¶ icnbmb ApjvTm§fpw nen¡p¶nÃ! (Camw C_vp J¿nanÂn¶v ssiJv A_vZp AÂþdlvam³ C_vp lʳ BepssiJv, "^Xvlv AÂþaPoZv' þ idlv InXm_v AÂþXuloZv, t]. 395þ396  FSp¯v D²cn¨Xv). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 109 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 110. LG/j)Hê… t'ji rlik;, |{puik; sdl!k= :glPrdxln[. |{puik; aËk ~l|UCgJgik; sdl!k= :glPrdXî rac[dlg;, SrlÙ[, cdl[, |w[w[, wj|lp[… t'ji |{puik; aËk ~l|UCgJgik; sdl!k= :glPrdxldk'k. T*sr rli[, |{pu;, ~l|UCgJg; t'jisdl![ svS$! aËk Plglx; :glPrdxksm Tr*xk; rak)[ dlnlik'fln[. L#l|kijr[ TO T~lp[ é:glPrdXê sv$kilR Si!juln[ L#l|k c{<[mjdsx éark<Usg, wj'jsrê c{<[mj&jgj)k'f[. L#l|k eyuk'kî . (58-56 :‫)ا اری ت‬ . ""Pn¶phÀ¤s¯bpw apjyhÀ¤s¯bpw Fs¶ (AÃmlphns am{Xw) Bcm[n¡phm³ th−nbÃmsX Rm³ (AÃmlp) krjvSn¨n«nÃ, Rm³ Ahcn n¶v (AhÀ¡pw AXpt]mse Fsâ aäp krjvSnIÄ¡pw) D]Pohw H¶pw B{Kln¡p¶nÃ. AhÀ Fn¡v (AYhm, AhÀ¡pw AXpt]mse Fsâ aäp krjvSnIÄ¡pw) `£Ww ÂIWsa¶pw Rm³ B{Kln¡p¶nÃ. XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlp Xs¶bmWv D]Pohw ÂIp¶Xn iIvXpw {]_epw.'' (JpÀB³ 51: 56þ58) L#l|kijr[ alYf; :glPrdxksm t#l Tr*xk; LG/j)kd t'fln[ L#l|k wj'kdsxuk; ark<Usguk; c{<[mj&fjsRy KS`CU;. t#l c{<[mjdxk; L#l|kijsRy Lmjadxluf[ sdl![ LiG)[ L#l|kijsr :YCujS& fJgo - t'lH L#l|kijr[ c{<[mjdsx :YCujS)!fj#. Lfksdl![ fs' L#l|kijsRy afrjua; Lrkcgj&[ ét#l c{<[mjdxk; Ligksm :iCU*X L#l|kijSrlm[ Svlpj&[ LiSrlm[ YelGÒj&ksdl![ê LiG L#l|kijsr :glPj&ksdl!jgj)n;. :sg(jhk; L#l|kijsr :glPj)k'fj'[ ijc+fj&lH LiR L|(lgj éakfd^jG, dlEjGê :n[ï :sg(jhk; L#l|kijsruk;, LiSrlsml/; aËlsgsu(jhk; éQOhju, r~j, ~j;~;…ê :glPj&lH LiR akC[gj)[ é~j;~lglPdRê :dk'kï :sg(jhk; CgJL[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 110 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 111. ér~j eAj/j& rjua;ê Lrkcgj&#lsf L#l|kijsr :glPj)k'irlulH LiR pJrjH ak~[fpjL[ é~jp[Lk!l)juiR, iqjSdmjhluiRê :dk'k. :glSnl CgJL[ ér~j eAj/j& rjua;ê Lrkcgj&[ L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)k'f[ LiR Qgk Tc[hlajd ijCIlcjuk;, aki|[|jp[ éTc[hlajd ]dsspilglPdrk;ê :dk'k. 2- T~lpjsRy é:glPruksmê Tr*xk;, cÙoGnfuk;î T~lpjsRy é:glPruksmê Tr*X Plglxak![. LfjH rliksdl!k;, |{pu;sdl!k;, aËk ~l|UCgJg; sdl!k; éTc[hlajdrjua*X Lrkcgj&[ê Yedmaluj sv$k' L#l|kijSrlmk= LrkcgnjsRy akqkiR Tr*xk; KXs/mk;, LfkSelsh |{pu;sdl![ alYf; sv$k'fk; KXsdl=k'k. pjd[ykdX, fc[~J|[, f|[hJH, ijCkÓ DkG:R elglun;, rac[dlg;, cdl[, SrlÙ[, |w[w[, wj|lp[, rØdHej)H, fjØijSglPj)H, ~r[Pk)X)k; - LrlFdX)k; - clPk)X)k; - iqjulYf)lG)k; aËk; rØsv$H, LfkSelsh é]Ëik; domkfHê L#l|kijsr 13 c[Sr|j)hk; , éL#l|kijrkSi!j LfjH dkyÉê c[Sr|; 13 - C_vp J¿nw (dlna.) ]dªp: kvtlw aq¶v C§Ä BIp¶p: (1). AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtlw. (2). AÃmlphnp th−nbpÅ kvtlw, CXpw AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtlwXs¶. (3). AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtl¯nsâ IqsSbpÅ (inÀ¡v Bb) kvtlw. At¸mÄ, (apIfn H¶maXpw, c−maXpambn D±cn¨) AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtlhpw, AÃmlphnp th−nbpÅ kvtlhpw Hcpan¡pt¼mÄ AXv (AÃmlp Iån¨) icnbmb kvtlamIp¶p. F¶m (aq¶maXmbn D±cn¨) AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtl¯nsâ IqsSbpÅ kvtlw AYhm, AÃmlphnv ]pdsa Bcm[n¡s¸Sp¶hsc (acn¨pt]mb Huenbm¡Ä, _namÀ, Pmdþ_nw_w, _nw_w, tbip... XpS§nbhsc) AÃmlpsh kvtln¡p¶Xv t]mse AhÀ kvtln¡p¶p, Cu kvtlw inÀ¡v þ ]¦v tNÀ¡p¶ kvtlw BIp¶p! (AYhm, "Gähpw IqSpX kvtlw AÃmlphnv am{Xw AÀ¸n¡Â' F¶ lrZb¯nsâ Hcp Bcm[mIÀ½¯n inÀ¡v þ ]¦v tNÀ¡p¶ kvtlw BIp¶p!). AXns Ipdn¨mIp¶p AÃmlp ]dbq¶Xv: ""AÃmlphnv ]pdsabpÅhsc (Bcm[¡pth−n kzoIcn¨psIm−v) Ahv CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 111 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 112. r~j su ér~j vgUsuê c[Sr|j)kduk;, L#l|kijsr >us/mH, L#l|kijSrlm[ eC[vlflej&[ eleSalvr; SfmH, afdG+*X :f[alGÒfSulsm L#l|kijr[ rj<[dx(al)H, DxlL[-DpyjH éYeC[r*X SrgjMlH rl; svu[f elejr[ L#l|kijSrlm[ eC[vlflej&[ eleSalvr; Sfmj gÊ)[ Si!j YelGÒj&[ê Êaj)kd, L#l|kijSrlm[ (AÃmlphnv) ka·mcm¡p¶ Nne BfpIfp−v. AÃmlpsh kvtln¡p¶Xv t]mse Cu BfpIÄ Ahscbpw kvtln¡p¶p. F¶m kXyhnizmknIÄ AÃmlphntmSv (asä´ns¡mfpw þ aämsc¡mfpw D]cnbmbn) AXniIvXamb kvtlapÅhcs{X.'' (Jp. 2: 165). AÃmlp s]mdp¡m¯ ]m]amb inÀ¡nsâ Bcw`Ømw AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtl¯n inÀ¡v þ ]¦v tNÀ¡eneqsS BIp¶p! ]cnip²mb dºv krãn¨ BImi§fpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw krãn¸n AhÀ Bcm[n¡p¶ Bcm[y·mÀ¡pw, _nw_§Ä¡pw (Huenbm¡Ä, _namÀ XpS§nbhÀ¡pw) ]¦v Ds−¶v apivcn¡pIÄ (Bcm[bpsS C§Ä AÃmlphÃm¯hÀ¡v, AÀ¸n¨v inÀ¡v sN¿p¶ hgntISnembhÀ) Hcn¡epw hmZn¨n«nÃ, F¶m AhÀ B Bcm[y·msc AÃmlphns kvtln¡p¶Xpt]mse kvtln¨v AÃmlphnpÅ kvtl¯n Bbncp¶p inÀ¡v þ ]¦v tNÀ¯Xv! AhÀ B Bcm[ysc kvtln¨p þ Ahsc c£I·mcmbn kzoIcn¨p þ Ahcpambn kvtl_Ôap−m¡n, Ahsc (hymPambn) hmZn¨p ]pIgv¯n, A§s Ahsc Bcm[ycm¡n! AhÀ (B apivcn¡pIÄ) ]dªXv: "Cu sNdnb Bcm[y·mÀ (acn¨pt]mb _namÀ, Huenbm¡Ä, Pmdþ_nw_w, _nw_w, tbip, XpS§nbh þ AhÀ AÃmlphnsâ IqsS Bcm[y·mcm¡n kvtln¨hÀ) henb Bcm[ynte¡v AhÀ¡v ASp¸_Ôw D−m¡ns¡mSp¡pw F¶mbncp¶p! B ImcWw sIm−mWv (kvtl¯nsâ cq]w AÃmlp JpÀB³ 2:165  ]Tn¸n¨Xv, AYhm,) AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtlw (Gähpw IqSpXÂ) ASn¯dbqw, AÃmlphnp th−nbpÅ (AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtl¯nv XmsgbqÅ) kvtlw AXns XpSÀ¶v hcp¶Xpw, AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtl¯nsâ IqsSbpÅ kvtlw (AÃmlpsh kvtln¡p¶Xv t]mse) AhÀ kvtln¡p¶Xv inÀ¡v þ ]¦v tNÀ¡epw BIp¶p F¶v! At¸mÄ o Cu hnjbw kXys¸Sp¯n ]Tn¡Â nsâ _m[yXbmIp¶p, ImcWw CXv XuloZv (AÃmlphns am{Xw Bcm[n¡pI F¶) X¯z¯nse hnizmknIfpsSbpw, inÀ¡v X¯z¡mcpsS (AÃmlphÃm¯hÀ¡v, AYhm acn¨pt]mb _namÀ, Huenbm¡Ä, Pmdþ_nw_w, _nw_w, tbip… XpS§nbh¡v Bcm[bpsS C§Ä AÀ¸n¨v Bcm[bn inÀ¡v sN¿p¶hcpsS)bpw hyXymkw nÀ®bn¡p¶ hgnIfmIp¶p''. C_vp J¿nansâ hm¡pIÄ ChnsS Ahkmn¡p¶p. (C_vp J¿nw, "duf¯p aplnºo³, t]. 314, "idlv InXm_v AÂþXuloZv AÂþIuep AÂþkZoZv,' t]. 204, Zmdp AÂþY_mXv 1425 ln.  ssiJv A_vZp AÂþdlvam³ _n³ mkÀ kAvZn FSp¯v D±cn¨Xv). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 112 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 113. égÊ)[ Si!j YelGÒj&[ê L#l|kijH >gSaHej)kd, L#l|kijsRy dlgknU; YefJÊj)kd, L#l|kijsRy CjÊsu >us/mkd fkm*juisu#l; :glPruldk'k. Qgk akc[hj; L#l|kijH rj'[ YefjEh; KS`Cj&[ Tc[hlajdrjua*X Lrkcgj&[ sv$k' segkalËvM*X isg :glPrdxjH KXs/mk'fln[. Tc[hlajd rjualrkc{faluj L#l|kijr[ T~lp[ é:glPrê sv$k'f[ KOGw[wjfs/mkkilrk= KS`CUlH sv$k' Ky);, >Ên-elrJu*X dqj)H, d&im;, KewJir; SfmH, ijil|; éplÙfU wJijf;ê fkm*ju dlgU*X)[ L#l|kijH rj'[ YefjEh; h>j)k'fln[. TO wJijf vgUdX éLrjc[hlajdf - pkGalGz;, dxi[, vfj, ed, L|(lg; fkm*ju dx(*X T#lsf L#l|kijH rj'[ YefjEh; h>j)nsa'ê Cgjulu KS`CUjsRy Lmjc[FlrjH Tc[hlajd rjuaarkcgj&[ sv$kdulsn(jH Lf[ :glPruluj fJgkduk;, Lfjr[ YefjEh; h>j)kduk; sv$k'fln[. ðr~j eyÉkî ããdk#k aL[yoEjR cIpDkR - t#l rØuk; cIpD éeknU;, PG+;ê :dk'k.ää é~kDlgjî 6021, akc[hj;î 1005ê.ò. LFil, Lyjus/mk' érac[dlg;, cdl[, SrlÙ[, |w[w[ fkm*juê vj|[r*xjH alYf; egjajfa# :glPrdX t'GÒ;à ðt'lH, Tsf#l; :glPruluj fJgnsa(jH LulX :pU; rjG~r[P :glPruluî Tc[hlajsRy LÖ[ ykdkrkdX éTc[hl; dlgU*Xê YeliGjdal)js)l![ wJij)n;. LFil, C|lp[ dhja - fO|Jp[ éL#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kduk;ï L#l|ki#liG)[ LFil, QOhjul)X)k;, r~jalG)k;, ~j;~*X)k; aËk; ijxj&kYelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj-Lyi[ fkm*ju :glPruksm Tr*X LG/j)lfjgj)n;ê, ak|+p[ r~j L#l|kijsRy pofG :sn'k; L;zJdgj&[ ér~j eAj/j& fIYedlg; alYf; L#l|kijsr :glPj)kduk;, wJij)kduk;ê rac[dlg;, cdl[, SrlÙ[, |w[w[ fkm*jui d{fUaluj rjG%|j)kduk; sv$k'igksm aËkdG+*X alYfsa éL#l|kijH rj'[ YefjEh; KS`Cj&[ Tc[hlajdrjua*X Lrkcgj&[ sv$kdulsn(jHê :glPruluj fJgkduk=kàò. * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 113 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 114. L#l|kijrk= :glPrsu rjGÑuj)k'fjhk= sfËlu PlgndX :glPrdX - fODJEjuÈ érjGÑjf;, fJG/kdH/j)s/Mf[, fJgkalrj)s/Mf[ê :dk'k. Lfluf[ DkG:rjH rjS'l, ck'jH é|pJcjHê rjS'l iUd[falu sfxjij#lsf :glPrdX Q'k; fs' Lrk<[Aj)lR elmj#. afrjua*X éDkG:R, |pJc[ê LrkClcj)l aflvlg; :sg(jhk; sv$kdulsn(jH Lf[ ~jp[L[ éekfkfluj rjG+j)s/M pkGalGz;ê :dk'k, Lfksdl![ Lf[ rjS<PjS)!fln[. Lfln[ YeilvdR eyuk'f[î ’: ” .(6398 : ‫ا ﻡ ا‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ،1718 : ‫)ﻡ‬ “.‘ ""½psS (_n- bpsS) Iev] D−m-bn-«n-Ãm¯ hà (kÂ)IÀ½hpw Bsc¦nepw Ap-jvTn-¨m (XoÀ¨-bm-bpw) AXv XÅ-s¸-tS-−-X-mIp¶p.'' (apÉnw: 1718, AÂ_mn klolv AÂPmanAv: 6397). Lfluf[, LiR : ekfkfluj sdl!ki' Lrk<[AlrdG+; rjgcjS)!fln[, LirjH rj'[ Lf[ cIJdgj)lR elmj#. alYfa#, LiR dkË)lgrkaln[. dlgn; Lf[ fjØuln[, Lf[ éL#l|kik; LisRy ycohk; rjGÑuj&ê afrjua; Lrkcgj)h#, éayj&[ Lf[ Pj)gj)hln[àê. af rjua; éDkG:rk;, |pJck;ê L;zJdgj)k' :glPrdX aPUgoejhldk'k, LFil, : Lrk<[Alr; ]Ëik; Cgjulu éDkG:rk;, |pJck; rjGÑuj&ê alGzSgDujhosm K=fldk'k. Lf[ ijM[iJq[vuksmuk; clidlCjsRyuk;, Lfjg[ dijuhjsRyuk; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 114 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 115. dlAjrUjsRyuk; Tmujhk= aPUgoejhkaldk'k. L#l|k fsRy pofrlu r~j Sulm[ eyuk'kî (112 :‫)ه د‬ ""BIbm (Hm apl½Zv !) o IÂ]n¡s¸«Xp t]mse obpw nt¶msSm¸w (AÃmlphntmSv) ]ivNm¯]n¨hcpw (kzlm_nIfpw, hnizmknIfpw) tcmb amÀK¯n (CkvemanI GIssZh hnizmk¯nÂ) nesImÅpI. n§Ä AXncv (AÃmlphnsâ nba]cn[n) hn«v {]hÀ¯n¡cpXv.'' (JpÀB³ 11: 112). :glPruksm alGzSgD tÔlsn'[ ixsg iUd[faluj TO cod[f; ig&[ dlnj)k'k. Lf[ aPUgoejH fsRy :glPrdxjH Cgjuluj fkmG'ksdl![ Seldkd t'ln[. LfjH Lfjg[ dijuShl, LiznrSul T#. rjS'lm[ CyL[ éafrjua;ê dHej&fkSelsh YeiGj)kd t'[ TO cod[fjH eyÉjM[ iJ!k; Q'kdomj iUd[faluj Ky/j&[ eyukduln[î ‫ َ َ َ ْ َ ْا‬éLfjg[ dijugkf[ê t'[. ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ ا‬t'[ eyÉlH egjPjh;Zj&[ Lfjg[ dijukduk;, dlAjrU; dlnj)kduk; sv$kd t'ln[, Lfln[ Lfjg[ dijuH t'f[. Qgj)H fsRy cI|l~l)xjH ao'lxkdX Ligksm cH)G+*X dkyÉ[ SelujMk![ t'[ arÍjhl)j egc[eg; c;clgj& dlgU*X YeilvdR Lyjukduk!luj. LigjH Q'laR eyÉkî ããBlR t'k; SrlÙ[ Lrk<[Aj)k;, Qgj)hk; SrlsÙlqjil)kduj#,ää g!laR eyÉkî ããBlR Ky*lsf glYfj akqkirk; rac[dgj)k;.ää ao'las iUd[fj eyÉf[î ããBlR ijil|; dqj)kduj#ää t'kaln[ édlgn;, Lf[ afdG+*sx fxGk; t'[ LiG sfËjÓgj&kààê. LS/lX YeilvdR eyukduk!lujî ’: ” : ‫ري: 3605، ﻡ‬ ) “.‘ (1401 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 115 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 116. ããrj*xlSnl T*srsu#l; eyÉf[? L#l|k fs'uln[ cfU;à BlR éYeilvdR ê :n[ rj*xjH ]Ëik; domkfH L#l|kijsr >us/mk'fk; - >u>d[fjuk=irk;, t'lH BlR évjh pjic;ê SrlÙrk<[mj)kduk; - évjh pjic;ê SrlÙrk<[mj)lfjgj)kduk; sv$lyk![, BlR églYfjê rj'[ rac[dgj)kduk; Ky*kduk; sv$lyk![, BlR c[YfJdsx ijil|; dqj&jMkak![ éLFil, Tsf#l; tsRy afdG+*sx fxGk'j#ààê, Þ:sg(jhk; tsRy ér~j uksmê ck'jH ér~j vgUujHê LfjgkdijÉlH LiR t'jH seMiR éCgjulu akc[hj;ê L#.ß é~kDlgjî 5063, akc[hj;î 1401ê T~lpjsRy é:glPruksmê Lrk<[AlrjH T'[ wr*sx rak)[ éYePlraluk;ê g![ Tr*xjhluj dlnlik'fln[î Q'las ij>lz;î tÔln[ Cgjulu :glPrsu'[ arÍjhl)k'fjH iJq[v igkkduk;, Lf[ rjG%|j)k'fjH Lhcfuk;, Lh;>liik; dlnj)kduk; sv$k'Sflsml/; Plglx; Lrk<[Alr*sx elsm Liznj)kduk; svu[f[ vjh Lrk<[AlrdG+*xjH alYf; :glPrsu egjajfs/mkkduln[ LiG sv$k'f[à LFil, e=jdxjH alYf; T~lpjsr é:glPrsuê egjajfs/mkkduk;, iJmkdxjhk;, QlEJckdxjhk;, d&im*xjhk;, Syl}kdxjhk;, segkalË*xjhk;, gl<[YmJujhk;, fG)*X egj|gj)k'fjhk;, wJijfjsRy aËkSaDhdxjhk; afs LdËj rjykkduln[ LiG svu[ff[àà e=jdX)[ LfjsRyflu SYC<[mfdxk;, YeSfUdfdxk; K![, Lijsm LÖ[ Srgs rac[dlg; c;Zaluj éekgk<ØlGê rjG^r[Paluk; rjG%|jS)!fk![, LfkSelsh, wJijfjsRy akqkiR SaDhdxjhk; Tc[hlajsRy rjua*xk;, ijPjijh)kdxk; K![. Lf[ e=j)k=jhk;, ekyk; QlSgl akc[hjak; elhjS)!fk![. g!las ij>lz;î Lfjg[ dijuk'fjSh)[ tj)k' goejH :glPrdxjH dlAjrU; dlnj)kd. L*jsr stVjdalu éck'luê dlgU*X rjG^r[P; éEGx[ê :)k'fjSh)k;, LrkiprJu; é|hlHê :u dlgU*X rj<jÓ; é|yl;ê :)k'fjSh)k; tj)kduln[ TO ij>lz; sv$k'f[àà Tigksm ijCIlc*xk; :vlg*xk; cIJdgj)l CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 116 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 117. :xkdsx iqjejq&isg'k;, sfËjS/luisg'k; LiG akYpdkkduk; sv$k'k. t'lH ]Ëik; Kaalu alGz; ak|+p[ uksm alGzaln[, dlgU*xjH ]Ëik; a[SxValuf[ LfjH ekfkfluk!l)jufk; :dk'k. * * * :glPruksm Lmjc[Flr c[f;>*X fJG&uluk; :glPrdX ao'[ Lmjc[Flr c[f;>*xjhln[ rjhrjH)k'f[. Liî L#l|kijSrlmk= |k^[ éc[Sr|;ê DOE[ é>u;ê - ywlL[ éYefJÊê t'jiuln[. :glPrdxjH L#l|kijSrlmk= T<[mik;, >uik; YefJÊuk; KXsdlS=!fk![. L#l|k eyuk'kî (165 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""F¶m hnizkn¡p¶hÀ þ kXyhnizmknIÄ (aäv F´ns¡mfpw þ aämsc¡mfpw A[nIambn) AÃmlphntmSv AXniIvXamb kvtlapÅhcs{X.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 165). (54 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlp CjvSs¸Sp¶hcpw, AÃmlpsh CjvSs¸Sp¶hcpamb (HcpIq«w BfpIÄ).'' (JpÀB³ 5: 54). YeilvdRalgksmuk;, pofRalgksmuk;, éc&gjfgksmuk;ê ijSC<n*xluj L#l|k ijCkÓ DkG:rjH eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 117 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 118. (90 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw AhÀ ({]hmNI³amÀ) ssJdm¯n (k¡À§Ä¡v, D¯aImcy§Ä¡v) [rXnImWn¡pIbpw, {]Xo£n¨v sIm−pw, t]Sn¨psIm−pw t½mSv (AÃmlpthmSv) {]mÀ°n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶hcmbncp¶p. AhÀ t½mSv (AÃmlphntmSv) Xmgva ImWn¡p¶hcpw Bbncp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 21: 90). ssCDkH Tc[hl; éT~[rk ssfaj$È y|ja.ê KÓgj)k'kî vjh chEk cIlhj|J*X éeoG%dlh c&gjfGê eyÉkî ÞéL#l|kijSrlmk= T<[m;ê |k^[ sdl![ alYf; :sg(jhk; L#l|kijsr :glPj)kdulsn(jH LiG sspirjS<Pjuln[ édlgn;, L#l|ksi Semj)lfjgj)hk;,14 YefJÊj)lfjgj)hk;15 rjS<PjH KXs/mk'kê, :sg(jhk; ywlL[ éL#l|kijSrlmk= YefJÊê sdl![ alYf; L#l|kijsr :glPj)kdulsn(jH LiR akGwjL[ éiqjSdmjhlu Qgk ij>lz;ê :dk'k édlgn;, L#l|ksi c[Sr|j)lfjgj)hk; rjS<PjH KXs/mk'kê, :sg(jhk; DOE[ éL#l|kijSrlmk= >u;ê sdl![ alYf; L#l|kijsr :glPj)kdulsn(jH LiR |yoy[ éDilgjw[ - iqjSdmjhlu asËlgk ij>lz;ê :dk'k. t'lH :glSnl |k^[ é]Ëik; domkfH L#l|kijSrlmk= T<[mik;ê, ywlL[ é]Ëik; domkfH L#l|kijhk= YefJÊuk;ê, DOE[ é]Ëik; domkfH L#l|kijSrlmk= >uik;ê t'J ao'[ c[f;>*X sdl![ L#l|kijsr :glPj)k'f[, t(jH Lirln[ uFlGÒijCIlcjuk;, Qgk aki|[|jp[ éTc[hlajd ]dsspilglPdRêK;. Tf[ ssCDkH Tc[hl; fsRy Yzr[Faluî ãLH-K~opj$Èä ( ‫ )ا دی‬ujH iUd[fal)jujgj)k'k. LS`|; éssCDkH Tc[hl; T~[rk ssfaj$È y|ja.ê iJ!k; eyuk'kî 14 - ""Fs¶ (AÃmlpsh) am{Xta n§Ä `bs¸Smhq.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 40). 15 - ""At±lw (C{_mlow _n ) ]dªp: "Xsâ dºnsâ ImcpWys¯¸än BcmWv ncmis¸SpI ({]Xo£n¡mXncn¡pI) hgn]ng¨hcÃmsX?'.'' (JpÀB³ 15: 56). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 118 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 119. ÞL#l|kijsRy Tc[hl;afsa'[ eyÉlHî L#l|kijsr :glPj)hk;, Lisr Lrkcgj)hk;, Lir[ dJq[in*hk; :dk'k, T~lpjsRy é:glPruksmê Lmjc[Flr fI;î ‫ا ُل‬ éL#l|kijsRy akÙjH txjauk=irlikd, rjÍlgf dlnj)kdê t'fldk'k. T~lp[ é:glPrê t'fjH ã|k^[ä éT<[mêjsRy :Cuik;, ãpk#jäsRy érjÍlgrlikd, txjauk=irlikd t'ê :Cuik; KXsdl=nsa'[ dHej)s/MjMk![. L*jsr L#l|kijsRy ak'jH flR LS*uË; rjÍlgrln[ t'fjsRyuk;, L#l|kijSrlmk= LS*uË; T<[mik; KXsdl=k' Qgk fIaln[ T~lp[ é:glPrê. Tfjr[ Kpl|gn;î QglX dJq[in*kduk; érjÍlgf dlMkduk;ê, t'lH dJq[in*k'isr siyk)kduk; sv$kdulsn(jH LiR :glPr sv$k'irluj fJgkduj#, LfkSelsh QglX fsRy a)sxuk;, ck|{k)sxuk; T<[ms/mk'f[ Selsh dJq[in*k'isr T<[ms/mkd alYf; sv$kduk;, t'lH dJq[in*lfjgj)kduk; sv$kdul sn(jhk; LiR :glPr sv$k'irluj fJgkduj#. Lfksdl![ fs' L#l|kijsr :glPj)kSÙlX TO g![ dlgU*xjH ]sf(jhk; Q'[ K!lulH afjulij#, ayj&[ g![ dlgU*X é]Ëik; domkfH T<[mik;, LS*LËs dJq[in)ik;ê QgkSelsh K!lSi!fk![. t#lËjSr)lxk; domkfH L#l|kijSrlm[ :ujgj)n; Lir[ T<[m; K!lSd!fk;, t#lËjSr)lxk; domkfH L#l|k :ujgj)n; Lir[ K'frlujMk=irk;, alYfa# LS*LËs dJq[in*hk; étxjauk;ê, ]Ëik; domkfH T<[mik; L#l|kijr[ alYfalujgj)kduk; Sin;…ß Tfln[ :glPruksm rjG^r[P dlgU*X. (149 .‫ا ی : ص‬ ‫ا‬ ‫)ﻡ‬ T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê fsRy rorj$È t' epU cal|lgjH eyuk'kî ‫ـن‬ ‫ُ ــ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻡـ ـ ُل ـ ـ‬ ‫ذل‬ ‫یـ ـ ُ ُ ـ‬ ‫و ـ ـ دُ ا ـ ـ‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ـﻡ ِا ُ ـن‬ ‫ﻡ ـ دار ـ‬ ٌ ‫ـ ـ َ ـ ـ ُ ا ـ ـ دة دا ـ ـ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫ِ وا‬ ‫ى وا‬ ‫وﻡَـــ ار ُ ــ ﻡ أﻡــ ِ رﺱــ‬ ‫َﺱــ‬ ‫وﻡــ‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 119 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 120. ããL#l|kijSrlmk= LS*uËs c[Sr|jsRy dosm fsRy LS*uËs txjauk; érjÍlgfuk;ê domjufldk'k egadlgknjdrk= éL#l|kijrk=ê Lmjauksm :glPr,16 Ti g!kaln[ :glPruksm g![ YePlrs/M Zmd*X, Ti g!jhkaln[ :glPruksm Szlx*X dy*j sdl!jgj)kd, : g![ Zmd*xk; Cgjulik'f[ isg Lf[ é:glPrê uFlGÒ goejH dy*kduj#, LfjsRy éSzlx*X dy*k'fjsRy, :glPruksmê Y>aneF; - alGÏSgD L#l|kijsRy pofR uksm dHerdxln[, SpS|v[Vdx#, ejClvjsRySul, arÍkdxkSmSul dHerdxka#àää Szlx*X Liuksm L&kf!jr[ vkËk; dy*js)l!jgj)k'k t'fjSrlmln[ T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê :glPruksm Lrk<[Alrs clp{CUs/mkjuf[, Lf[ c[Sr|j)s/mk'iSrlm[ éL#l|kijSrlm[ê K= c[Sr|; sdl!k;, LisRy ak'jH flR ixsg rjÍlgrlsn' S~lP; sdl!k; dy*j sdl!jgj)kduln[, c[Sr|j)s/mk'iR L#l|kildk'k. LfkSelsh T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê eyuk'f[ 16 - ssiJv A_vZp AÂþdlvam³ _n³ mkÀ kAvZn ]dªp: ""kvtlw aq¶v C§Ä BIp¶p: (1). AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtlw, AXv hnizmkw (Cuam³)sâbpw, XuloZnse (CÉmanI GIssZh Bcm[bnse) hnizmk¯nsâbpw ASn¯d BIp¶p. (2). AÃmlphnp th−nbpÅ kvtlw, CXv AÃmlphnsâ _namcnepw ZqX·mcnepw DÅ kvtlhpw, Ahsc ]n³]äepw, AÃmlp Cãs¸Sp¶ k¡À½§Ä Cãs¸Sepw (AÃmlp hntcm[n¨ Xn·bn n¶v hn«pn¡p¶Xv Cãs¸Sepw) aäpw BIp¶p. CXv AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtl¯ns XpSÀ¶v D−mIp¶ bmYmÀ°nIX BIp¶p. (3). AÃmlphntmSpÅ kvtl¯nsâ IqsSbpÅ kvtlw þ inÀ¡v (]¦v) tNÀ¡p¶ kvtlw, AYhm, AÃmlphnv ]pdsa Bcm[n¡s¸Sp¶ IÃpIÄ, ac§Ä, cmPm¡·mÀ, (acn¨pt]mb _namÀ, Huenbm¡Ä, Pmdþ_nw_w, _nw_w, tbip...) XpS§nb Bcm[y·msc AÃmlphnv ]pdsa kvtln¡Â. AÃmlp AAvew (IqSpX Adnhv AÃmlphnmIp¶p).'' ("idlv InXm_v AÂþXuloZv AÂþIuep AÂþkZoZv,' t]. 204, Zmdp AÂþY_mXv 1425 ln.  ssiJv A_vZp AÂþdlvam³ _n³ mkÀ kAvZn D±cn¨Xv). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 120 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 121. :glPrsu' Szlx*xksm dy); r~j uksm dHer)[ Lrkcgj&ldk'k, Lf#lsf SpS|VdSxl, arÍkdSxl, ejClvk)Sxl dHej)k'f[ Lrkcgj&#. r~j uksm rjua*xln[ :glPruksm Szlx*xksm Y>aneF; - alGÏSgD, Lf#lsf ~jp[LkdSxl éekfkfluj rjG+j)s/M iqjSdmkdSxlê, sdMkdFdSxl, SpS|VdSxl eoG%jdsg ejReËk'Sfl L#. * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 121 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 122. ao'[î fO|Jp[ LH-Lc[alT i-LH-ÍjEl[ (‫ت‬ ‫ا ﺱ ء وا‬ ) >lz; 1 Yealn*xlu ijCkÓ DkG:rjH rj'k; fjgkck'jH é|pJcjHê rj'k; L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*sx dkyj)k' sfxjikdX >lz; 2 L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*xjH L|[hkÍk'j iHwalLÈuksm aR|w[w[ éijCIlc gJfjClc[Yf;ê >lz; 3 L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*sx rjS<Pj)k'iG)k= aykemj CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 122 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 123. Q'[î Yealn*xlu ijCkÓ DkG:rjH rj'k; fjgkck'jH é|pJcjHê rj'k; L#l|kijsRy rla- zknijSC<n*sx dkyj)k' sfxjikdX 1. DkG:rjH rj'k; ck'jH é|pJcjHê rj'k; Lfjrk= sfxjikdXî fO|Jpjr[ ao'[ Tr*xks!'[ rl; akdxjH eyukduk!luj. LH-fO|Jp[ LHyk~o~j$È, LH-fO|Jp[ LHKho|j$È, LH-fO|Jp[ LH-Lc[alT i-LH-ÍjEl[ t'jiulnf[. :pUs g![ Tr*X)k; rl; LHe; sfxjikdxk; ijCpal)jujMk![. Trj ao'lafluj eyÉ L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*xjhk= ]dfIjrln[ LHe; sfxjikdX ijCpal)kilR rl; KS`Cj)k'f[. (a) ijCkÓ DkG:R eyuk'kî (180 :‫اف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphnv "AÂþlpkv'bmb (Gähpw à þ `wKnbpÅ þ {]uVnbpÅ þ DÂIrjvSamb þ alXzapÅ) t]cpIfp−v, AXnm B t]cpIfn Ahs n§Ä hnfn¨psImÅpI, Ahsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) t]cpIfn Ahnizkn¡pIbpw (AXnsâ ]cnip²n¡v tbmPn¡m¯Xv ]dbpIbpw) AXns X«n¡fbpIbpw sN¿p¶hcpambpÅ Iq«psI«v n§Ä hn«pIfbpI (Hgnhm¡pI). AhÀ sNbvXp hcp¶Xnsâ ^ew AhÀ¡p hgnsb ÂIs¸Spw.'' (JpÀB³ 7: 180). TO cod[fjH frj)[ rla*xks!'[ L#l|k c[Flej)k'k, Lf[ >;zjuk=fk;, KHd{<[malufk; éYeO@juk=fk;ê :sn'[ eyukduk;, Lisdl![ Lisr ijxj&[ YelGÒj)kilR dHej)kduk; sv$k'k. ‫ ی ا‬éul CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 123 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 124. L#l|[à - L#l|ksiàê, ‫ی ر‬ éul y|[alRà - ega dlgknjdrlu yS^àê, ‫ ی ر‬éul y|J;à - dgknlrjPjulu yS^àê, ‫ ی‬éul |$[à - ts''k; wJij&jgj)k' yS^àê, ‫م‬ ‫ی‬ éul D$o;à - t#l; rjuYÔj)k' yS^àê ‫ ی رب ا‬éul y^k LH-:haJRà - ShldgÊjflilu yS^àê t'j*sr ijxj&[ YelGÒj)lik'fln[. LfkSelsh, L#l|kijsRy rla*sx rjS<Pj)k'iGs)fjsg fl)Jf[ rHdkduk;, LiG cfUjH rj'[ iUfjvhj&[ Seluiglsn'[ TO cod[fjhosm YeDUlej)kduk; sv$k'k. Lfkdomlsf, :sg(jhk; L#l|kijsRy rla*sx rjS<Pj)kdSul, LfjsRy egjCkÓj)[ Svgl ijPjH Lfjsr iUlDUlrj)kdsul, Lfjsr LfjsRy :CujH rj'[ sfËj)kdsul :sn(jH Ligksm Lg; pk<[d{fUjr[ L#l|k CjÊ rHdkd fs' sv$ksa'[ fl)Jf[ rHdkduk; sv$k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (8 : ) ""AÃmlp þ AhÃmsX Bcm[¡Àlmbn aämcpw þ asämcp Bcm[ypw Cà Xs¶. AhsâXmIp¶p "AÂþlpkv'bmb (Gähpw à þ `wKnbpÅ þ {]uVnbpÅ þ DÂIrjvSamb þ alXzapÅ) ma§Ä.'' (JpÀB³ 20: 8). (24-22 : ‫)ا‬ ""(AÃmlp), AhÃmsX Bcm[¡Àlmbn asämcp Bcm[ypw CÃm¯hmb (GI Bcm[y³ þ GI ssZhw Bb) AÃmlphmWv Ah³. AZriyhpw Zriyhpw Adnbp¶hmIp¶p Ah³. Ah³ ]caImcpWnIpw IcpWmn[nbpamIp¶p. AhÃmsX Bcm[¡Àlmbn asämcp Bcm[ypw þ asämcp ssZhhpw CÃm¯hmb (GI Bcm[y³ þ GI ssZhw Bb) CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 124 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 125. AÃmlp BIp¶p Ah³. cmPm[nImcapÅhpw ]ca]cnip ²pw kam[mw ÂIp¶hpw A`bw ÂIp¶hpw taÂtm«w hln¡p¶hpw {]Xm]nbpw ]cam[nImcnbpw alXzapÅhpw BIp¶p Ah³ (AÃmlp). AhÀ Bcm[bn ]¦v þ inÀ¡v tNÀ¡p¶hcn ns¶Ãmw AÃmlp F{Xtbm ]cnip²³! (FÃm hkvXp¡fpsSbpw) krjvSmhpw nÀ½mXmhpw cq]w ÂIp¶hpamb AÃmlphs{X Ah³. Ahv (AÃmlphnv) "AÂþlpkv'bmb (Gähpw à þ `wKnbpÅ þ {]uVnbpÅ þ DÂIrjvSamb þ alXzapÅ) ma§fp−v. BImi§fnepw `qanbnepapÅh apgph³ Ahsâ alXzs¯ {]IoÀ¯n¡p¶p. Ahs{X {]Xm]nbpw bpIvXnampw.'' (JpÀB³ 59: 22þ24). TO DkG:R cod[f*X L#l|kijr[ rla*xks!'[ iUd[faluj YeDUlej)k'k. (b) L#l|kijr[ ãLH-|kc[räulu é]Ëik; r# >;zjuk= - YeO@juk= - a|fIak=ê rla*xks!'[ YeilvdR uksm ck'k; iUd[fal)k'k, Lf[ YCÓj)kdî ’: ” .(2677 : ‫ري: 0146، ﻡ‬ ) “.‘ L~o|kssyy ijH rj'[ rjSipr;î r~j eyÉkî ããfJG&uluk; L#l|kijr[ sflÑoËj QRef[ rla*xk![, royjH Q'[ dkyi[, :sg(jhk; Lf[ tÑj dn)l)julH éLFil LfjsRy LGÒ*xjH eoGÑaluj ijCIcj)kduk;, Lf[ L;zJdgj)kduk; svu[flHê LiR cIGzjH YeSiCj&kä.ää é~kDlgjî 6410, akc[hj;î 2677ê. t'lH, L#l|kijsRy rla*X TO tÑjH egjajfa#, L#l|kijr[ Sisyuk; rla*xk![. Qgk |pJcjH eyuk'f[ Srl)kdî ’: ” “.‘... CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 125 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 126. ‫ا‬ ‫: ق 651/1، ا‬ ‫: 2173، أ ی‬ ‫: 1/733، أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫)ا‬ (509/1 : ‫: 2732، ا آ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫: 3/47/1، ا‬ ‫ا‬ L~[pk#lT~[rk ac[KOp[ eyuk'kî r~j eyÉkî ÞrJ éL#l|kê cIu; fs' rjr)[ éL#l|kijr[ê rladgn; svu[f rla; sdl!k;, Ls#(jH rJ rjsRy Yzr[FjH éijCkÓ DkG:rjHê Ty)ju rla*X sdl!k;, Ls#(jH rjsRy c{<[mjdxjH Qgk c{<[mj akSDr rJ eAj/j& rla*X)k;, rjsRy Lp{CU w[BlrjH rJ fjgsÉmk rjsRy rla*X sdl!k; BlR rjS'lm[ Svlpj)k'k, ijCkÓ DkG:rjsr tsRy |{pujsRy icÔ; édkxjGaê :S)nSa…ß écjHcjhk Í|J|-LH~lrjî 1í337, L|[ap[î 3712, L~o uL[hlî 156í1, LH-dk~[yl - fI~[ylrjî 3í74í1, T~[rk |j^lR fsRy c|J|[ - Hî 2372, |ldj;î 1í509ê. L#l|kijsRy QlSgl rla*xk; QlSgl ijSC<n*X KXsdl=k'k![. Kpl|gn;î ُ ‫ا‬ é]Ëik; domkfH Lyjik=iRê t'f[ ‫ ا‬éLyji[ê t' ijSC<nSuk;, ‫ا‬ éukd[fjalRê t'f[ ‫ ا‬éukd[fjê t' ijSC<nSuk;, ‫ُا‬ ‫ وا‬ét#l; SdX)k'irk;, t#l; dlnk'irk;ê t'J rla*X ‫وا‬ ‫ ا‬éSdXij, dlq[vê t'J ijSC<n*sxuk; covj/j)k'k. TfkSelsh L#l|kijsRy QlSgl rla*xk; QlSgl ijSC<n*X KXsdl=k'k![. L#l|k eyuk'kî (4-1 :‫)ا ﺥ ص‬ ""]d-bpI: AXv þ Im-cyw, AÃmlp GI-m-Ip-¶p. AÃmlp AÂþÊzaZv AÃmlphns ({]]©¯nse) kÀÆkrãnIfpw B- {ibn-¡p-¶p þ AÃmlp kzbw]cym]vXmbhpw þ (Xn¶pIsbm IpSn¡pIsbm sN¿m¯hpw), (GI-mb) bP-am-pw (Bb ssZhw) -As{X . Ah³ (AÃmlp Hcp k-´m--s¯bpw) Pn¸n¨n«n--Ã; Ah³ (AÃmlp BcpsS-bpw k-´m-am-bn) Pn¨p−mbn-«p-an-Ã. Ahp XpÃy-mbn bmsXmcphpw (bmsXm¶pw) CÃ- þ (AÃmlphn-p kamambn bmsXm¶panÃ)'.'' (JpÀB³ 112: 1þ4). Qgk |pJc[ Srl)kdî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 126 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 127. ” ’: : ‘ : ‫ر‬ ‫ري: 447م - ا‬ ‫)ا‬ “.‘ ’: .(775 ‫477 و‬ Lrc[ rjSipr;î ããLRclgjdxjHs/M QglX ac[wjp[ Dk~lujH Talalujgk'k. LS`|; rac[dlgjH DjylL[ :g;>j)kSÙlsq#l; ãDkH-|ki L#l|k L|p[…ä t' coy[ elglun; sv$k;. LfjrkSC<aln[ aSËsf(jhk; coy[ elglun; svu[fjgk'f[. t#l yd[Ljhk; T*srfs' LS`|; svu[fjgk'k. wr*X LS`|Slm[ eyÉkî ãfl(X tS/lqk; TO LÓUlu; sdl!lns#l :g;>j)k'f[. Lfksdl![ afjul)lsf dosm fs' Sisy coyk; elglun; sv$k'k. LfjrlH Q'kdjH fl(X TfkalYf; elglun; sv$kd. Ls#(jH Lsflqjil)j aSËsf(jhksal'[ elglun; sv$kd.ä LS/lX LS`|; eyÉkî ãBlrf[ Qqjil)kduj#. Lf[ rjhrjGj fs' BlR Talak rjH)k'f[ rj*X)[ T<[malsn(jH rjH)l;, rj*X)[ T<[majs#(jH BlR Qqjukduk; sv$k'k.ä LigjH ]Ëik; SYC<[ArlujMln[ LS`|s LiG d!jgk'f[, LS`|a#lsf aËlsg(jhk; Talaluj rjH)k'f[ LiG T<[ms/Mjgk'j#. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 127 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 128. LiG r~j su caJej&[ TO ijigayjuj&k. YeilvdR LS`|s ijxj&[ Svlpj&kî ãfl(xksm doMk dlgksm rjGS`Carkcgj&[ YeiGj)k'fjr[ fl(Xs)Ôln[ fmÍ;?ä, t#l yd[Ljhk; TO coyk rjG~r[Psa 'Selsh rjhrjGlR fl(sx SYegj/j)k'sfÔln[?ä. LS`|; eyÉkî ãfJG&uluk; BlR : coyjsr ]sy T<[ms/mk'k.ä YeilvdR eyÉkî ãfl(X)[ LfjSrlmk= T<[masYf fl(sx cIGzjH YeSiCj/j&f[.ä é~kDlgjî 744‫ - م‬r. 744 ç 745 TmujH Srl)kdê. asËlgk |pJc[î ” : : ’: (813 : ‫ري: 5737، ﻡ‬ ‫)ا‬ “.‘ ãã:ujCl rjSipr; sv$k'kî r~j Qglsx ukÓjrk= emulxjdSxlsml/; Lu)kduk!luj, LS`|; fsRy dosmuk=igkaluj rac[dgj)kSÙlsqls) ãDkH |ki#l|k L|p[ä t' coy[ elglun; svu[f[ sdl!ln[ DjylL[ Liclrj/j)lyk=f[. L*jsr LiG am*j i'S/lX YeilvdR Sulm[ TO dlgU; KnGj. LS/lX YeilvdR LiSglm[ eyukduk!lujî ãrj*X LS`|Slm[ Svlpj)kd, tÔ[sdl!ln[ LulX L*jsr sv$k'sf'[?ä éL*jsr LiG LS`|Slm[ Svlpj&kê, LS/lX LulX eyÉkî ãLf[ egadlgknjdrlu L#l|kijsRy ijSC<n *xln[. Blrf[ elglun; sv$kilR T<[ms/mk'k.ä LS/lX r~j eyÉkî ãLS`|s L#l|k T<[ms/mk'ksi'[ Lyjuj )kdä.ß é~kDlgjî 7375, akc[hj;î 813ê. Lfluf[ egadlgknjdrlu L#l|kijsRy ijSC<n*X : cod[f; KXsdl=k'k t'GÒ;. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 128 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 129. L#l|kijsRy ijSC<n*xjH vjhfjsRy c;Êje[f ijign;, éLiu[)[ Q'k; Kpl|gn*X rHdkilsrl, ijigj)kilsrl, alËjayj&[ LGÒ; si)kilsrl elmj#àêî L#l|kijsRy ijSC<n*xjH L#l|kijr[ iw[|[ éakD;ê Ks!'[ L#l|k fs' eyuk'kî (27 : ‫)ا‬ ""alXzhpw DZmcXbpw DÅhmb nsâ dºnsâ hPvlv (apJw) Ahtijn¡p¶XmWv.'' (JpÀB³ 55: 27). L#l|kijsRy ijSC<n*xluj ijCkÓ DkG:rjH L#l|kijr[ ssddX Ks!'[ eyuk'kî (75 :‫)ص‬ ""AÃmlp ]dªp: "Hm C_veokv (ssibvXm³!), Fsâ ssIsIm−v Rm³ krjvSn¨p−m¡nbXns (BZans)' kpPqZv sN¿p¶Xnv n¡pÅ XSÊw F´mWv?.'' (JpÀB³ 38: 75). (75 :‫)ص‬ ""Fsâ ssIsIm−v Rm³ krjvSn¨p−m¡nbXns'' (JpÀB³ 38: 75) (64 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃ, Ahsâ Ccp ssIIfpw nhÀ¯s¸«hbmIp¶p'' (JpÀB³ 5: 64). ét'lH, L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*X Q'k;fs' t*jsrsu'[ iUlDUlrj)kdSul, LfjsRy ep*sx alËjayj)kdSul, LfkXsdl=k' :Cu*sx t*srsu'[ iUlDUlrj)kdSul L|[hkÍk'j iH-walLÈ sv$kduj#ê. LfkSelsh éc&gjfsgê L#l|k T<[ms/mkduk;, f{e[fjs/mkduk;, épk<[YeiGjujHê Sdlej)kduk;, Sp<Us/mkduk; aËk; sv$ksa'[ L#l|k fs' eyukduln[, CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 129 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 130. LfkSelsh LisRy YeilvdR uk; Lf[ rs+ eAj/j&jgj)k'k. g![î L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*X)[ ~kÓjujH KXs)l=k' sfxjikdXî 1- iUfUc[Fik;, ssiijPUikalu wJijdxk;, Liuksm rØ)[ LrkSulwUalu goejhk= YdaJdgnik;, Liuksm sswijdalu Yed{fjujhosmuk= Liuksm cÖlgik; t#l; covj/j)k'f[ éLfjsRysu#l; c{<[mliluê L#l|kijsRy a|fIik;, dqjik;, Lyjik;, ukd[fjuk;, KS`CUik; :dk'k. 2- LrkYz|; svlgjuH, rØ svlgjuH, ~kÓjakMkdxjH rj'[ gÊj)H, Yeulc; rJ)H fkm*ju L#l|kijsRy dG+*X covj/j)k'f[ L#l|kijsRy dlgknUsuk;, QOplgUsuk;, KplgfSuukaln[. 3- L#l|kijsr Lrkcgj)k'isr :pgj)hk;, LiG)[ YefjEh; rHdhk; L#l|kijsRy f{e[fjsuuk;, c[Sr|sukaln[ covj/j)k'f[. 4- elejdsx CjÊj)kd, sfËkdX)[ ejquk; YeluC[vjik; vkakd fkm*juf[ L#l|kijsRy Sdlesuk;, siyk/jsrukaln[ iUd[fal)k'f[. * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 130 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 131. g![î L#l|kijsRy rlazknijSC<n*xjH L|[hkÍk'j iH-walLÈuksm aR|w[w[ éijCIlc gJfjClc[Yf;êî chEkdxlu éeoG%dlh cVgjfgluê L|[hkÍk'j iH- walLÈuk;, Lisg ejRfkmG'igksmuk; aR|w[w[ éijCIlc gJfjClc[Yf;ê ijCkÓ DkG:rjhk;, ck'jhk; i'f[ Yedlg; L#l|kijsRy rla*sxuk;, ijSC<n*sxuk; ijCIcj)kd t'fldk'k. L|[hkÍk'j iH-walLÈ cIJdgj& TO gJfjClc[YfjsRy rj~r[PrdX flsq ijCpJdgj)k'kî 1- ijCkÓ DkG:rjhk;, fjgkck'jhk; é|pJcjhk;ê i'fjrrkcgj&[ LfjsRy Yedmalu goejH L#l|kijsRy rla*sxuk;, zknijSC<n*sxuk;, : ep*X covj/j)k' :Cu*sxuk; LiG éL|[hkÍk'j iH- walLÈê arÍjhl)k'k. LfjsRy Yedmalu goe*X t*srsu'[ iUlDUlrj)kdSul, LfjsRy ep*sx alËjayj)kdSul - ixs&lmj)kdsul, LfkXsdl=k' :Cu*X t*srsu'[ iUlDUlrj)kdSul, éKpl|gj)kdsulê L|[hkÍk'j iH-walLÈ sv$kduj#. L#l|k eyuk'kî (11 :‫رى‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Ahv (AÃmlphnv) Xpeyambn- þ Ahs t]mse bmsXm¶panÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 42: 11). (4 :‫)ا ﺥ ص‬ ""Ahp (AÃmlphn-p) XpÃy-mbn bmsXmcphpw (bmsXm¶pw) CÃ- þ (AÃmlphn-p kamambn DZmlcn¡m³ bmsXm¶panÃ).'' (JpÀB³ 112: 4). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 131 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 132. 2- c{<[mjdxksm Qgk ijSC<n*Sxlmk; L#l|kijsRy zknijSC<n*sx L|[hkÍk'j iH-walLÈ claUs/mkkduj#. L#l|k eyuk'kî (11 :‫رى‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Ahv (AÃmlphnv) Xpeyambn- þ Ahs t]mse (DZmlcn¡m³) bmsXm¶panÃ. Ah³ (AÃmlp) FÃmw tIÄ¡p¶hpw FÃmw ImWp¶hpw BIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 42: 11). 3- L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*xjH L|[hkÍk'j iH-walLÈ ijCkÓ DkG:rjsruk; fjgkck'jsruk; ayjdm)kduj#. L#l|kik; LisRy r~j uk; c[Fjgs/mkju rla-zknijSC<n*X LiG ijCIcj)k'k, L#l|kik; LisRy r~j uk; rjS<Pj&fjsr LiG rjS<Pj)kduk;, L#l|kik; LisRy r~j uk; aOr; Lih;~j&fjH LiG aOr; Lih;~j)kduk; sv$k'k. 4- rla-zknijSC<n*X ijCpal)k' Yealn*X :Cu*X ijCpal)jfgk' ãak|dal[ä érjua*Xê :n[, Li ãakfCl~jL[ä éKpl|gj)H, flgfaUs/mkHê L#. t'lH vjhulxkdX L|[hkÍk'Èuksm SegjH dxi[ eyÉfkSelsh LfjsRy :Cu*X L#l|kijr[ alYfsa Lyjukduk=osi'[ L|[hkck'j iH-walLÈ eyuk'j#, LfkSelsh L|[hkÍk'Èuksm aR|w[w[ éijCIlc gJfjClc[Yf;ê tÔlsn'[ :Pkrjdglu vjh tqkkdlG)k; gvujfl)X)k; Lyjukdukaj#. 5- L|[hkck'j iH-walLÈ L#l|kijsRy zknijSC<n*xksm goe; L#l|kijH ijmk'k éLFil, iUlDUlrj)k'j#ê, LfkSelsh, LiG Lfjsr c;~r[Pj&[ Keaj)kdSul, ijCpJdgj)kdSul sv$j#. * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 132 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 133. ao'[î L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*sx rjS<Pj)k'iG)k= aykemjî L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*X rjS<Pj)k'iG ao'[ ij>lz)lgln[î 1- w|[ajul)Xî w|[a[~[rk cIE[ilsr ejReËk'igln[ TiG. TiG L#l|kijsRy akqkiR rla- zknijSC<n*sxuk; rjS<Pj)k'igldk'kà 2- akL[fcjhjul)Xî ilcjh[~[rk LfIlL[sr ejReËk'igln[ T)oMG. |crkH ~cIgjéy|ja.êuksm éafeArêcpÍjH rj'k; ejRfjgjÉigln[ TiG. TiG L#l|kijsRy rla*X LGÒaj#l siyk; ep*xlsn' goejH c[Fjgs/mkk'k, L*sr akqkiR zknijSC<n*sxuk; rjS<Pj)kduk; sv$k'kà 3- LC[Lgjul)X17 alfkgjpjul)Xî18 Tisg ejReËk'igk; L#l|kijsRy rla*sxuk; vjh zknijSC<n*sxuk; c[Fjgs/mkkduk;, vjhfjsr rjS<Pj)kduk; sv$k'kà L#l|kijr[ rla*xk; zknijSC<n*xkaks!'[ eyÉlH Lf[ c{<[mjdSxlm[ claUs/mkhldksa'[ ilpj&ln[ LiG T*sr sv$k'f[. dlgn; c{<[mjdxjH vjhsg : rla*X sdl![ Seg[ si)kduk;, vjh ijSC<n*X sdl![ 17 - L~kH |cR LH-LC[Lgjuksm ap[|~[ - uFlGÒ L|[hkÍk'j iH-walLÈjSh)[ fsRy Liclr dlh[ LS`|; am*k'fjr[ akÙk= ap[|~[ ejReËk'igln[ TiG éLC[Lgjul)Xê, LS`|; am*ju L|[hkÍk'j iH-walLÈ ujSh)[ LiG éLS`|s ejReËk'iGê am*k'j#, Lfksdl![ fs' Tf[ LS`|jsRy SegjSh)[ SvGj eyuk'f[ Cgjulu caJera#. 18 - L~oaRcoG LH-alfogJpjsu ejReËk'igln[ TiG. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 133 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 134. ijSC<j/j)kduk; sv$k'k!S#l t'ln[ LiG ilpj)k'f[. rla*xksmuk; ijSC<n*xksmuk; ep*xjhk= clp{CU; LfjsRy ulFlGÒUjhk; clp{CUs/mksa'k; L*jsr c{<[mlik; c{<[mjdxk; egc[eg; clp{CUs/mksa'k; LiG L>jYelus/mk'kà Lfksdl![ fs' flsq igk' g!jH Qgk dlgU; LrjilgUalsn'[ LiG éiUlwalujê eyuk'kî Q'[ - L#l|kijsRy rlazknijSC<n*X KXsdl=k' Yealn*sx iUlDUlrj)kdàà, Kpl|gnaluj ‫ ا‬akD; t'k=f[ ‫ ذات‬K=iR t'[ :)juk;ï ‫ ا‬ssd t'k=f[ LrkYz|; t'[ :)juk; LiG éLC[Lgjul)X, alfkgjpjul)Xê iUlDUlrj)k'kà g![ - TO Yealn*xksmsu#l; :Cu*sx L#l|kijSh)[ ijmkd. LiG eyuk'f[ ‫ ا أ‬TfjsRy :Cu*X akqkirk; L#l|kijr[ alYfsa Lyjukduk=o, LfkSelsh LfjsRy Yedmalu goejh# Li érla-zknijSC<n*Xê K=f[ t'[ ijCIcj)kduk; sv$k'k. t'lH, L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*sx rjS<Pj&igjH :pUaluj Lyjus/Mf[ Ly~jdxjsh vjh akC[gj)kdX é~j;~lglPdGê :ujgk'k. Lisg c;~r[Pj&[ L#l|k Ty)ju cod[f; flsq sdlmk)k'kî (30 : ‫)ا‬ ""A{]Imcw mw (AÃmlp) ns¶ (Hm apl½Zv !) Hcp kapZmb¯n ZqXmbn ntbmKn¨ncn¡p¶p, AhÀ¡v ap¼v ]e kapZmb§fpw Ignªpt]mbn«p−v. n¡v mw Znhyktµiambn ÂInbn«pÅXv AhÀ¡v HmXn tIĸn¡phm³ th−nbmWv (ns¶ ntbmKn¨Xv). AhcmIs«, AÂþdlvam³ n AÃmlphnsâ ]caImcpWnI³ F¶ ma¯n (AÃmlphnÂ) Ahnizkn¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 13: 30). TO :u[ Ty*kilrk= dlgn;, r~j akC[gj)kdSxlm[ é~j;~lglPdSglm[ê ãega dlgknjdRä t'[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 134 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 135. eyÉS/lX LiG Lfjsr rjS<Pj)kduln[ svu[ff[. LS/lX L#l|k TO cod[f; Ty)jî (30 : ‫)ا‬ ""AhcmIs«, AÂþdlvam³ n AÃmlphnsâ ]caImcpWnI³ F¶ ma¯n (AÃmlphnÂ) Ahnizkn¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 13: 30). T~[rk wgJG eyuk'f[ Tf[ |kssp~j$È cr[Pjujhlujgk'k t'ln[. ‘ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ا‬ ’ - ãega dlgknjdrk;, dgknlrjPjukalu L#l|kijsRy fjgkrlajHä t'[ : cr[PjujH tqkkdlgR tqkfjuS/lX Lijsm fG)ak!luj, DkssyCjdX eyÉkî ãegdlgknjdRä t'k=f[ B*X)yjuj#. T~[rkwgJG fI~[gj T~[rk L^lc[ ijH rj'[ iJ!k; eyuk'kî ããr~j ckwop[ svu[fksdl![ T*sr YelGÒj)lyk!lujgk'kî ‫ی ر‬ ‫ ی ر‬éul y|[alRà ul y|J;àê LS/lX akC[gj)kdX eyÉkî TiR eyuk'f[ QgkiSrlm[ éL#l|kijSrlm[ê alYfsa YelGÒj)kilR elmk=o t'[, t'lH LiR g![ :xkdSxlm[ éul y|[alRà ul y|J;à t'[ê :n[ TS/lX YelGÒj)k'f[. LS/lX L#l|k TO cod[f; Ty)jî (110 :‫)ا ﺱ اء‬ ""(_ntb,) ]dbpI: n§Ä AÃmlp F¶v hnfn¨psImÅpI Asæn AÂþdlvam³ (]caImcpWnI³) F¶v hnfn¨psImÅpI. (Ch c−nÂ) GXp Xs¶ n§Ä hnfn¡pIbmsW¦nepw Ah¶pÅXv (AÃmlphn¶pÅXv) BIp¶p "AÂþlpkv'bmb (Gähpw à þ `wKnbpÅ þ {]uVnbpÅ þ DÂIrjvSamb þ alXzapÅ) ma§Ä.'' (JpÀB³ 17: 110). LfkSelsh, coykkH EkGDlrjH L#l|k eyuk'kî (60 :‫ن‬ ‫)ا‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 135 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 136. ""]caImcpWnIv (AÃmlphnv) n§Ä {]Wmaw sN¿pI F¶v AhtcmSv (_nw_ Bcm[ItcmSpw, kXyntj[nItfmSpw) ]dbs¸«m AhÀ ]dbpw: F´mWo ]caImcpWnI³?'' (JpÀB³ 25: 60). T*sruk= akC[gj)kdX é~j;~lglPdGê w|[ajul)xksmuk;, akL[fcjhjul)xksmuk;, LC[Lgjul)xksmuk; akRzlajdxldk'kàà Lisg#l; fs' L#l|kik;, LisRy r~j uk; L#l|kijr[ c[Fjgs/mkju rla-zknijSC<n*sx rjS<Pj&igldk'k. vJ ejRzlajdX)[ tYf vJ akRzlajdX?àà TiG)[ c;Êje[falu Qgk aykemjî Q'las aykemjî L#l|k cIu; fs' L#l|kijr[ ãLH- |kc[räulu é]Ëik; r# >;zjuk= - YeO@juk= - a|fIak=ê rla*xk; zknijSC<n*xk; Ks!'[ c[Fjgs/mkk'k, LfkSelsh LisRy pofG uk; L#l|kijr[ rla- zknijSC<n*xks!'[ c[Flej&jgj)k'k. Lfksdl![ fs' : dlgU*sx akqkirlSul, LfjH vjhfjSrSul rjS<Pj)kdulsn(jH Lf[ L#l|kijSrlmk; LisRy YeilvdSrlmkak= rjS<Paln[à g!las aykemjî TO ijSC<n*xjH vjhf[ c{<[mjdX)[ K!ldk'Sfl, Ls#(jH éãy|oE[ä Selshuk=ê vjh rla*Xsdl![ vjh c{<[mjdsx rladgn; sv$k'Sfl L#l|kijrk; c{<[mjdX)kajmujH claUs/mkh#, L#l|kijsRy rla*xk; zknijSC<n*xk; Lir[ alYf; YeSfUdalujMk=fln[, LfkSelsh c{<[mjdX)k= rla*xk; ijSC<n*xk; LiG)[ alYf; K=fln[. L#l|kijr[ ãpl[ä K![, t'lhf[ c{<[mjdxksm ãplkäaluj clp{CUs/mkduj#, LfkSelsh L#l|kijr[ rla*xk; zknijSC<n*xkak![, : rla*xk; zknijSC<n*xk; c{<[mjdxkSmfjr[ clp{CUs/mkduj#. rlajhk;, selfksiuk= :Cujhk= clp{CUs/mH uFlGÒjhk= cujH clp{CUs/mkduj#. L#l|k cIu; fs' ً éãLhJ;ä - cG%ik; Lyjik=iRê, ً éã|hJ;ä - cG% ijSidak=, c|rak=ê t' rla; cIJdgj&jgj)k'k, LfkSelsh L#l|kijsRy vjh Lmjadsxuk; TO Seg[ ijxj)kduk; svu[fjgj)k'k. éLS/lX LfjsRy LGÒ; ark<Ugksm alrk<jd dqjijHseMî ajfalu CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 136 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 137. Lyjik= - ãLhJ;äK;, ajfalu ijSidak= - ã|hJ;ä t'k; dkyj)k'kê, Tfjr[ Kpl|gn;î (28 :‫)ا اری ت‬ ""At±l¯nv (C{_mlnw v), "Aeow' Bb þ PvRmnbmb (AÃmlphns Ipdn¨pw Ahsâ bYmÀ° aXamb þ CÉmw þ CÉmanI GIsssZh hnizmks¯Ipdn¨pw AdnhpÅ) Hcp B¬Ip«nsb (CkvlmJv s) ]än AhÀ (ae¡pIÄ) (AÃmlphnsâ Iå {]Imcw) kt´mjhmÀ¯ Adnbn¡pIbpw sNbvXp.'' (JpÀB³ 51: 28). Lfluf[ Tijsm Tc[|lDjsruln[ KS`Cj)k'f[. asËlglsx TfkSelsh ً éã|hJ;äê t'[ ijxj)k'f[ dlnkdî (101 :‫ت‬ ‫)ا‬ ""At¸mÄ "leow' (klioeapÅ) Hcp _mes (CkvamCu s) ]än mw At±l¯nv (C{_mlnw v) kt´mjhmÀ¯ Adnbn¨p.'' (JpÀB³ 37: 101). Tc[alTOH sruln[ Tijsm KS`Cj)k'f[. Lfksdl![ fs' g!kfgjhk; KeSulzj)k'î éãLhJ;äê K;, éã|hJ;äê K; f+jH éakdxjH ijigj&Selshê iUd[falu iUfUlcak![. LfkSelsh L#l|k Sisylgk cod[fjH cIu; fs' ãcaJL[ä, ã~cIJGä t'[ rladgn; svu[fjgj)k'kî (58 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlp "kaoAv'Dw (FÃmw tIÄ¡p¶hpw) "_kzodpw'Dw (FÃmw ImWp¶hpw) BIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 58). LfkSelsh L#l|kijsRy vjh Lmjadsx c;~r[Pj&k; ‫ا‬ ‫ًا‬ ً ‫ ﺱ‬éãcaJL[ä, ã~cIJGäê éSdX)k'igk;, dlnk'igk;ê t'[ rladgn; svu[fjgj)k'k, éTf[ ark<Ugksm ajfalu alrk<jd dqjijHseMf[ alYf; SdX)k'igk;, dlnk'igk; t'fjsr alYf; dkyj)k'k. t'lH, L#l|kijsRy SdXijuk; dlq[vuk; t'lHî Ky)sal au)sal ayijsul CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 137 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 138. T#lsf - SzleUalufk;, Yedmalufk; t#l; tS/lqk; SdX)kduk; dlnkduk; sv$k' dqjiln[àêî (2 :‫ن‬ ‫)ا‬ ""IqSnt¨À¶p−mb Hcp _oP¯n ("pYv^¯v'Â) n¶v XoÀ¨bmbpw mw apjys krjvSn¨ncn¡p¶p. mw Ahs ]co£n¡phmmbn«v. A§s Ahs mw "kaoAv'Dw (tIÄhnbpÅhpw) "_kzodpw'Dw (ImgvNbpÅhpw) B¡nbncn¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 76: 2). TO g![ ً K;, ‫ ﺱ‬K; QgkSelshu#. éTijsm TfjsRy LGÒ; ark<Ugksm ajfalu alrk<jd dqjijHseMî ãcaJL[ä - SdX)k'igk;, ã~cIJGä - dlnk'igk; t'[ alYf; dkyj)k'kê. LfkSelsh L#l|k cIu; fs' ‫ ا ؤوف، ا‬éLH- yKOE[, LH-y|J; - ]sy puuk=iR, ]sy dgknuk=iRê t'[ rladgn; svu[fjgj)k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (65 : ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlp apjytcmSv "AÂþdDu^v'Dw (Gsd ZbbpÅhpw), "AÂþdlow'Dw (Gsd IcpWbpÅhpw) BIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 22: 65). LfkSelsh vjh Lmjadsx c;~r[Pj&k; TO rla; KeSulzj&jgj)k'k, éTf[ ark<Ugksm ajfalu alrk<jd dqjijHseMfjsr alYf; dkyj)k'kêî (128 : ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw n§Ä¡nXm n§fn n¶pXs¶bpÅ (n§Ä ¶mbn Adnbp¶) Hcp ZqX³ (apl½Zv ) h¶ncn¡p¶p. n§Ä IjvSs¸Sp¶Xv kln¡m³ Ignbm¯hpw, n§fpsS Imcy¯n AXohXmÂ]cyapÅhpw, kXyhnizmknItfmSv "dDu^v'Dw CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 138 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 139. (Zbmephpw), "dlow'Dw (ImcpWyapÅhpw) BIp¶q At±lw (apl½Zv ).'' (JpÀB³ 9: 128). TO g![ "yKOEk;', g![ "y|Jak;' QgkSelsh L#, iUfUlcak![. éTijsm TfjsRy LGÒ; ark<Ugksm ajfalu alrk<jd dqjijHseMî "yKOE[äK;, "y|J;'K; - puuk=iR, dgknuk=iR t'[ alYf; dkyj)k'kê. TfkSelsh, ijSC<n*xjhk; dlnl;, L#l|k cIu; fs' vjh ijSC<n*X ijSC<j/j)kduk;, LSf ijSC<n*X c{<[mjdX)[ éark<Ugksm ajfalu alrk<jd dqjijHseMfjsr alYf; dkyj)k'fjrk;ê rHdkduk; svu[fjMk![. L#l|kijsRy ‫ا‬ - ãLH-THa[ä éLyji[ê t'[ ijSC<j/j&[ eyuk'k, LfkSelsh fsRy Lmjadsxuk; ãLH- THa[ä éLyji[ê sdl![ ijSC<j/j&k eyuk'k, Kpl|gn;î (255 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Ahsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) "CÂav' (AdnhnÂ) n¶v Ah³ CNvOn¡p¶XÃmsX (asäm¶pw) AhÀ¡v kq£vaambn Adnbm³ IgnbnÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 255). (85 :‫)ا ﺱ اء‬ ""Adnhn ("AÂþCÂav'Â) n¶v AÂ]aÃmsX n§Ä¡v (apjyÀ¡v) ÂIs¸«n«nÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 17: 85). fsRy Lmjadsxuk; ãLH-THa[ä éLyji[ê sdl![ ijSC<j/j&k eyuk'k, Kpl|gn;î (76 : ‫)ی ﺱ‬ ""CÂav' DÅ (AdnhpÅ) FÃmhcpsSbpw aosX FÃmw Adnbp¶h³ (AÃmlp) D−v.'' (JpÀB³ 12: 76). (80 : ‫)ا‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 139 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 140. ""(aX]camb) PvRmw ("AÂþCÂav') ÂIs¸«n«pÅhÀ ]dªp.'' (JpÀB³ 28: 80). LfkSelsh L#l|k cIu; fs' ‫ - ا ة‬ãLH-Dk%Èä écG% Cd[fjê t' ijSC<n; L#l|kijr[ Ks!'[ eyuk'kî (40 : ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlp iàpw (Jhn¿p³) {]Xm]nbpw Xs¶bmIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 22: 40) (58 :‫)ا اری ت‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlp Xs¶bmWv D]Pohw ÂIp¶hpw iàpw (JpÆx) {]_epw.'' (JpÀB³ 51: 58). TO ijSC<n; fs' fsRy LmjadX)k; rHdk'kî (54 :‫)ا وم‬ ""AÃmlp n§sf _eloamb AhkvYbn n¶p krjvSn¨p D−m¡nbh³ BIp¶p. ]ns¶ _eloXbv¡p tijw n§Ä¡v Ah³ iIvXn (JpÆx) D−m¡n. ]ns¶ Ah³ iIvXn¡v tijw (n§Ä¡v) _eloXbpw, c(_m[n¨ apSn)bpw D−m¡n.'' (JpÀB³ 30: 54). TfkSelsh Sisyuk; Kpl|gn*X rak)[ dlnlik'fln[. t'lH, L#l|kijsRy rla*xk; ijSC<n*xk; Lir[ éLisRy a|fIjr[ê Sulwj)k'fk;, Lir[ YeSfUdalujMk=f[ :sn'k;, c{<[mjdxksm rla ijSC<n*X LiG)[ Sulwj)k'fk; éLi ark<Ugksm ajfalu alrk<jd dqjijHseMfjsr alYf; dkyj)k'fk;ê :ujMk=flsn'k; Lyjus/M dlgUaln[. Tg; rlajhk;, :Cujhkak= clp{CU; Sfl'julhk;, Tf[ uFlGÒjhk= cujsh clp{CU; covj/j)k'j#. Tf[ rlaijSC<n*X rHds/M g!jsruk; QgkSelsh :)k'kaj# éLFil, ark<UG)[ ark<Ugksm ajfalu alrk<jd dqjijHseMfjsr alYf; dkyj)k'fjrk;ï L#l|kijr[ LËaj#l dqjijsruk; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 140 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 141. dkyj)k'kê. Tf[ ixsg iUd[faln[. L#l|kijrln[ c[fkfjdxk; rÕjuk; L Djhik;. ao'las aykemjî Cgjulu ijSC<n*xj#liR ét#l iUlw sspi*xk;ê Qgj)hk; :glPUrldkilR Sulwj&ig#. Lfksdl!ln[ TY~l|j; fsRy ejflijSrlm[ eyuk'f[î (42 : ‫)ﻡ ی‬ ""AÃsbm Fsâ ]nXmth, tIÄ¡pItbm ImWpItbm sN¿m¯ hkvXpsh (_nw_§sfþ{]XnaIsf) Xm¦Ä F´nv Bcm[n¡p¶p.?'' (JpÀB³ 19: 42). LfkSelsh eCk)kMjsu :glPj&iG)[ aykemjuluj L#l|k eyuk'kî (148 :‫اف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AXhtcmSv (B _nw_w) kwkmcn¡pIbnsöpw, AhÀ¡v tÀhgn ImWn¡pIbnsöpw AhÀ I−ntÃ?'' (JpÀB³ 7: 148). rlhlas aykemjî uFlGÒ ijSC<n*X éL#l|kijsRyê uFlGÒs dkyj)k'k, ijSC<n*sx rjS<Pj)H dkyijsr dkyj)k'k. ijSC<naj#liR Qgk dkyik=iSrl, Selglu[auk=iSrl :ujgj)k;. L#l|k TfjH rjs'#l; tYfSul egjCkÓrln[. LÖlas aykemjî L#l|kijsRy ijSC<n*sx LfjsRy Yedmalu LGÒjH iUlDUlrj)k'fjr[ ulsflgk sfxjikaj#. Lf[ rjgGÒdaln[. LfjsRy :Cu*X L#l|kijr[ alYfsa Lyjukduk=o t'[ eyuk'fk; éelmj#ê, Lf[ L#l|k ijCkÓ DkG:rjH rS+lm[ c;clgj& dlgU*xksm :Cu*X rak)[ Lyjul goejhk=flsn'[ ilpj)k'fjr[ fk#Ualujgj)k;ï ijCkÓ DkG:rjH L#l|k LisRy rla*X sdl![ LiSrlm[ YelGÒj)kilR dh[ej&jgjs) t*jsruln[ rak)[ :Cuayjuli sdl![ rl; L#l|kijSrlm[ YelGÒj)kd?à LfkSelsh ijCkÓ DkG:rjsr c;~r[Pj&[ vjÔj)kilR L#l|k dHej)k'k, t(jH rak)[ :Cuayjul dlgU*X sdl![ rl; t*jsr vjÔj)k;?à CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 141 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 142. Tsf#l; fs' iUd[fal)k'f[ L#l|kijsRy a|fIjr[ Sulwj)k' goejH LisRy rla*sxuk; zknijSC<n*sxuk; arÍjhl)kdsu'ln[. LSflsml/; L#l|kijsRy zknijSC<n*sx c{<[mjdSxlm[ clp{CUs/mkkilrk; - Kpl|gj)kilrk; elmj#. Lfln[ L#l|k eyuk'f[î (11 :‫رى‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Ahv (AÃmlphnv) Xpeyambn- þ Ahs t]mse (DZmlcn¡m³) bmsXm¶panÃ. Ah³ (AÃmlp) FÃmw tIÄ¡p¶hpw FÃmw ImWp¶hpw BIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 42: 11). TO cod[fjH L#l|kijsRy rla-zknijSC<n*sx c{<[mjdSxlm[ clp{CUs/mkk'f[ éKpl|gj)k'f[ê L#l|k cIu; fs' rjS<Pj&jgj)kduk;ï SdXijuk;, dlq[vuk; t' ijSC<n; L#l|kijr[ c[Fjgs/mkkduk; svu[fjgj)k'k. Tf[ covj/j)k'f[ L#l|kijsRy ijSC<n; arÍjhl)k'fjr[ clp{CU; éLFil, Kpl|gj)Hê :iCUaj# t'ln[ï LfkSelsh, L#l|kijsRy ijSC<n; c{<[mjdSxlm[ Q'k; clp{CUs/mkkilrk; éKpl|gj)kilrk;ê elmj# t'kaln[. LS/lX clp{CUs/mkH rjS<Pj&[ ijSC<n*X arÍjhl)H rjG^r[Paldk'k. L#l|kijsRy rla- zknijSC<n*X c[Fjgs/mkk'fjH L|[hkÍk'j iH- walLÈ eyuk' ‫و ی‬ ‫ إ ت‬éclp{CUs/mklsf - Kpl|gj)lsf c[Fjgs/mkhk;, rjS<Pj)lsf egjCkÓs/mkhk;ê t' ilvdjsRy :Cu; Tfldk'k. * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 142 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 143. A²ymbw: 3 ~j;~-wlylglPr éCjG)[êsRy ijignik;, Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrujsh iUfjulrjH c;>ij& LijCIlc;, rjgJCIgilp;, CjG)[, dlemU;… fkm*juiuk; >lz; 1 Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrujH éfO|Jp[-sh ijCIlcjHê c;>ij& iUfjulrjsRy :g;>; >lz; 2 CjG)[ é~j;~lglPr, wlylglPrê >lz; 3 dkE[G >lz; 4 rjElD[ >lz; 5 wl|jhj$È, Ejc[D[, xhlH, yj`È A. wl|jhj$È - wl|jhj$[ éL#l|kijsr dkyj &k;, YeilvdRalsg dkyj&k;, Tc[hlajd rjua *sx dkyj&kak= Lw[Bfê. B. Ejc[D[ ðL#l|kijsRyuk;, YeilvdR uksmuk; éijCkÓ DkG:rjshuk; |pJcjshuk;ê ijPijh)kdX h;Zj)H - Pj)gj)Hò C. xhlH éCgjulu afrjua*sx'[ dgkfj sfËjH fkmgk' pkGalGz;ê D. yj`È éafegjfUlz;, Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mHê CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 143 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 144. Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl éfO|Jp[-shê ijCIlcjH c;>ij& iUfjulrjsRy :g;>; L#l|k ark<Usg c{<[mj&jgj)k'f[ L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kilR Si!juln[. Lfjr[ c|ludalu wJijf ij>i*X LiG)luj LiR Qgk)js)lmk)kduk; svu[fk. L#l|k eyuk'kî . .(58-56 :‫)ا اری ت‬ . ""Pn¶phÀ¤s¯bpw apjyhÀ¤s¯bpw Fs¶ (AÃmlphns am{Xw) Bcm[n¡phm³ th−nbÃmsX Rm³ (AÃmlp) krjvSn¨n«nÃ, Rm³ Ahcn n¶v (AhÀ¡pw AXpt]mse Fsâ aäp krjvSnIÄ¡pw) D]Pohw H¶pw B{Kln¡p¶nÃ. AhÀ Fn¡v (AYhm, AhÀ¡pw AXpt]mse Fsâ aäp krjvSnIÄ¡pw) `£Ww ÂIWsa¶pw Rm³ B{Kln¡p¶nÃ. XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlp Xs¶bmWv D]Pohw ÂIp¶hpw iIvXpw {]_epw.'' (JpÀB³ 51: 56þ58) ark<Ulf[alijsr LfjsRy Yed{fjujsh cIl>lijd YeinfujH ijSM)kdulsn(jH, L#l|kijsRy pjiUfI; arÍjhl)j L#l|kijSrlmk= c[Sr|Slsm Lisr alYf; :glPj)kduk;, L#l|kijrk= :glPrujH ulsfl'k; e(k SvG)lsf ]dsspilglPr uFlGÒaluj KXs)l=kalujgk'k. dlgn;, fO|Jp[ éL#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)Hê ark<U cIl>lijd YeinfujH éEjf[yjHê KOMs/Mfln[à t'lH CjG)[ é~j;~lglPr, wlylglPrê Yed{fjujsh cIl>lijd YeinfujH éEjf[yjHê ekfkfluj dm'kdomju dx(ikaln[àà L#l|k eyuk'f[ dlnkdî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 144 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 145. (30 :‫)ا وم‬ ""BIbm tsc (kXy¯nÂ) nesImÅp¶ (XuloZv þ AÃmlphns am{Xw Bcm[n¡Â F¶ X¯zw ASnbpd¨v hnizkn¨v AXpkcn¨v Pohnç¶)hmbn«v nsâ apJs¯ o (ip²amb CÉmanI GIssZhmcm[bpsS) aX¯nte¡v Xncn¨v nÀ¯pI. AÃmlp apjysc GsXmcp ^nXvd¯n (XuloZnÂ, ip²{]IrXnbnÂ) krjvSn¨ncn¡p¶pthm B {]IrXnbs{X AXv. AÃmlphnsâ krjvSn hyhkvYbv¡v bmsXmcp amähpanÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 30: 30). Qgk |pJcjH T*sr dlnl;î ” (2658 : ‫ري:9531، ﻡ‬ ) “. (30 :‫وم‬ ‫)ا‬ ÞQgk dkÉk; Liuksm ãEjf[yjHä éfO|Jp[, akc[hj; - L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kd t' CkÓ Yed{fjSulsmê L#lsf wrj)k'j#à ej'Jm[ LisRy alflejfl)xln[ Lisr wofSrl, ssYdc[fiSrl, Lz[rjulglPdSrl, é~j;~lglPdSrlê :)k'f[ï Lf[, Qgk a{z)kÉ[ LfjsRy Cgjulu goejH éLiuksm cIÔ; dlgU*X sfË[ domlsf sv$lrk= dqjSilsmê wrj)k'f[ Selshuldk'k, Liujsh écIÔ; dlgU*X sv$lrk= dqjijHê tsÔ(jhk; rUorf rJ dlnlykS!l?à t'jM[ L~o|kssyy eyukduk!luj, rj*X KS`Cj)k'ksi(jH TO :u[ Qlfkdî L#l|k ark<Usg ]sflgk ãEjf[yf[ä éfO|Jp[, akc[hj;, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)k' Yed{fjêujH c{<[mj&jgj)k'kSil : ãEjf[yf[ä :dk'k Lf[. L#l|kijsRy c{<[mj iUic[Fu[)[ éãEjf[yf[ä, fO|Jp[, L#l|kijsr alYf; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 145 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 146. :glPj)hjr[ê ulsflgk alËikaj# éDkG:R 30î 30ê.ß é~kDlgjî 1359, akc[hj;î 2658.ê :p; cÔfjdxlu ark<Ugksm Lmjc[Flr ijCIlc; fO|Jp[ éTc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc;ê fs'uln[. :p; r~j Tc[hl; afjhlujgk'k, LfkSelsh Lfjr[ SC<; i' ark<Ugk; roËl!kdSxlx; uFlGÒ ijCIlc; éTc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; - fO|JpJ ijCIlc;ê KXsdl![ fs'ulujgk'k wJij&jgk'f[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (213 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""apjyÀ Hscmä kapZmbambncp¶p. A´cw (AhÀ `n¶n¨t¸mÄ XuloZv þ AÃmlphns am{Xw Bcm[n¡p¶ hnizmknIÄ¡v) kt´mjhmÀ¯ Adnbn¡phmpw, (XuloZv ntj[nIÄ¡v) Xm¡oXv ÂIphmpambn AÃmlp {]hmNI³amsc ntbmKn¨p.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 213). ro|[ r~j uksm cakplujhln[ fO|Jp[ ijCIlcjH rj'k= iUfjvhrik;, CjG)k; é~j;~lglPr, wlylglPrê :pUaluj Kmshmkf[. LfjrlH LS`|; éekfju sspijd rjua*X rHds/Mê sspipofØlgjH Q'larkaln[[. L#l|k eyuk'kî .(163 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ããér~jSuàê rl; rjr)[ pjiUcSÕC; ésspijd rjua*Xê rHdjujgj)k'k, ro|jrk; LS`|jr[ SC<ak= YeilvdRalG)k; rl; pjiUcSÕC; rHdjufk Selsh.ää éDkG:R 4î 163ê. ’: ” .(412 ‫ء 2/ ﺹ‬ ‫/ا‬ ‫ا ﻡ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ م إﺱ‬ / ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ) “.‘ T~[rk L^lc[ Yec[flij)k'kî Þro|[ r~j )k; :p; r~j )kajmujH ek roËl!kdxk!lujMk![. : CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 146 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 147. roËl!kdlG t#ligk; uFlGÒ Tc[hlajhlujgk'k rjhsdl!jgk'f[ß. éfE[cJG T~[rk dFJG, >lz;î 2, Se. 412ê. ð|pJc[, T~[rk L^lc[ eyuk'kî ’: ” “.‘ Þ:p; sRyuk; ro|[ sRyuk; TmujH e[ roËl![ K!lujgk'k, Lisg#ligk; éakc[hJ*xk;ê uFlGÒ CgJLjH éfO|Jp[, Tc[hlajd ]dsspi :glPr, :glPj)s/mkilrk= LidlC; L#l|kijr[ L#lsf aËlG)kaj# t' fI;, LFil, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kd t' fIjHê :ujgk'k, ej'Jm[ LiG éTc[hlajd ]dsspilglPr, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kd t' fI; sfËj&[, SC<; ~j;~lglPr fkm*jê >j'j)kduk!lujà L*jsr L#l|k, éL#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)k' ]dsspilglPdG)[ê cSÔl<ilG Lyjuj)kilrk;, é~j;~lglPdG)[ê fl)Jf[ 19 sv$kilrkaluj YeilvdØlsg rjSulzj)kduk!luj.ßò T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê eyuk'kî ÞDn[}jfaluj fs' TO L>jYelu; Cgjuldk'k, ( ‫ا ا‬ ) t' LH~Dyujsh akdxjsh é2î 213ê cod[fjH K~$[ ~[rk dL[~jsRy DjylL[ éelglun;ê Lfln[ iUd[fal)k'f[. TO :Cujsr coy[ uorkcjsh L#l|kijsRy ivr*xk; p{@Jdgj)k'kî (19 : ‫)ی‬ ""apjyÀ Hscmä kaqlw (Hscmä aXw þ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[bnÂ) am{Xambncp¶p. F¶n«hÀ (]n¶oSv) `n¶n¨ncn¡pIbmWv.'' (JpÀB³ 10: 19). 19 - ssCD[ LH~lrj ãf|[pJG LÍlwjp[…ä Se. 135, |lDj;î 2í546 LiG eyÉkî ~kDlgjuksm rj~r[PrSulsm Tf[ cI|J|ln[. TfjSrlm[ p|~j Sulwj&jMkak![. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 147 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 148. L#l|k YeilvdØlsg Lu)kilrk= dlgnaluj T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê ijigj)k'f[ wr*X uFlGÒ afjH rj'k; sfËjS/luj t' dlgnaln[. Ly~jdX TY~l|j; sdl!ki' uFlGÒafjH éTc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; - fO|JpJ ijCIlcjHê :ujgk'k wJij&jgk'f[, t'lH L;y[ ~[rk hkss| LH- DkclT t'ulX, TY~l|j; sdl![ i' afs alËjayj&kà LS`|; LSy~UujSh)[ YeSfUdj&[ |jwlcjSh)[ ijYz|*sx sdl!kigjduk;, L*jsr L#l|kijsr domlsf : ~j;~*X :glPj)s/mkduk; svu[fkà L*jsr ijCkÓ>oajujhk;, Lmk >oYeSpC*xjhk; CjG)[ iUlej)kduk; svu[fkà Liclr; ak|+p[ YeilvdC{;Dh)[ egUiclr; dkyj&[ sdl![ rjSulzjfglikduk;, wr*sx fO|JpjSh)k;, TY~l|j; sRy aj#jsr éTY~l|j; sRy Tc[hl;af; - ]drlu L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)Hê ejReËk'fjSh)k; Ênj)kduk!luj. L#l|kijsRy alGzjH uFlGÒ goejH YeS~lPr; rmjuf[ dlgnlH uFlGÒijCIlcik;, TY~l|j; aj#k; Lijm*xjH é|jwlcjHê fjgj&[ igjduk; svu[fk. ijYz|*X éwly*Xê fdG)kduk;, YeilvdR ujhosm L#l|k Lifgj/j& Tc[hl;af; c[Flejfaldkduk;, Shldjrldalr; LrkYz|; c[Flejfaldkduk; svu[fk. TO cakplujsh éao'[ê Ka roËl!kdlG r~j uksm alGzSgDujhosm fs' rm'[ rJ*j, ej'Jm[ dm'ki' roËl!jH Lw[Bfuk;, w|[hk; éLyjij#lu[auk;, Tc[hlajr[ akÙk!lujgk' pkGalGzik;ê iUlej)kduk;, aËk af*xksm :vlg*X Tc[hlajSh)[ dm'[ igjduk; svu[fkàà L*jsr pkGalGzjSh)[ Ênj)k' YeS~lPdgjhosm, QOhjul)sx cSr|j)kduln[ - :pgj)kduln[ t' SegjH aD[~ydX sdMj KuGkduk;, wly*X enjukduk; svu[fk sdl![ Lisu :glPj)k' ijYz|*xl)kduk;, Lijm*xjH YelGÒrdxk;, Tc[fjzlFuk;, ~hjuk;, SrG&uk; aËk; LG/j)kduk; sv$k' CjG)[ é~j;~ - wly :glPrê Yeinf iUlej)kduk;, TO cakplujsh épkGalGzjhlu akc[hj;dxjshê LPjdalxkdxjSh)k; CjG)[ é~j;~ - wly :glPrê dm'[ igkduk; svu[fkàà TO CjG)jsr é~j;~- wlylglPrsuê LiG Seg[ ijxj&f[ cIlhj|J*sx sdl![ fiÍkH éL#l|kijSh)[ Lmk/~r[P; c[Flej)Hê CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 148 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 149. rmkdsu'fk;, LiSglmk= c[Sr|; Yedmj/j)kduk; sv$kd t'fkaln[. LiG)k= :glPru# Lf[ t'iG ilpj)kduk; svu[fkà t'lH TSf ilp; fs'ulujgk'k eoG%jdglu akC[gj)kdX é~j;~lglPdGê ilpj&jgk'f[. LiG eyukalujgk'kî (3 : ‫)ا ﻡ‬ ""Ah¶p (AÃmlphn¶v) ]pdsa "Huenbm'¡sf (kwc£Isc, c£m[nImcnIsf, ssZhs¯, Bcm[ys) kzoIcn¨hÀ (]dbp¶p:) AÃmlphn¦te¡v R§Ä¡v (B apivcn¡pIÄ¡v) IqSpX ASp¸_Ôw D−m¡n¯cphm³ th−n am{XamIp¶p R§Ä Ahsc (B Huenbm¡sfbpw, c£m[nImcnIsfbpw, _namscbpw aäpw… hnfn¨p {]mÀ°, tÀ¨, _en-þAdhv… AÀ¸n¨v) Bcm[n¡p¶Xv.'' (JpÀ-B³ 39: 3). TO CjG)[ é~j;~-wlylglPrê fs'uln[ eoG%jd akc[hJ*xjhk;, :Pkrjd akc[hJ*xjhk; épkGalGzjhluigjHê c;>ij&jMk=f[. TfjH, LPjd; :xkdxk; é~j;~lglPdgk;, pkGalGzjhlu akc[hJ*xk;ê LH-fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$ÈujH éL#l|k alYfaln[ YeeÖjsRy c{<[mlik; c;gÊdrk; t'fjHê ijCIcj&jgk'k éijCIcj)k'kê, t'lH LH-fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$ÈujH éL#l|kijrk alYfsa :glPruksm t#l Tr*xk; LG/j)lio - LFil, L#l|kijsr alYfSa :glPj)lio t' fIjHê LiG CjG)[ - e([ SvG)kduk; svu[fjgk'k ésv$k'kêà Lfln[ L#l|k eyuk'f[î (106 : ‫)ی ﺱ‬ ""Ahcn A[nIt]cpw AÃmlphn hnizkn¡p¶Xv AhtmSv (AÃmlphntmSv aäpÅhsc) Bcm[bn ]¦ptNÀ¡p¶hcmbns¡m−v am{XamWv (AXmbXv AhÀ apivcn¡pIfmbns¡m−v, _nw_ þ Pmd Bcm[Icmbns¡m−v am{XamWv).'' (JpÀB³ 12: 106). Qgk y^[ éYeeÖjsRy c{<[mlik; c;gÊdrk; :u Qgk sspi;ê K![ t' dlgUs rjS<Pj&jgk'f[ ixsg svyju Qgk rUoreÊ; alYfaln[. LiG EjGQOrk;, CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 149 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 150. LfkSelsh T)lhs ixsg svyju Qgk rUoreÊ;î d+Uonjc[Ëkdlgk;, >Ofjdilpjdxk;, ukd[fjilpjdxk;, alYfaln[, Ligksm L|(lg; sdl!ln[ y^jsr LiG rjS<Pj)k'f[. t(jhk; Ligksm arÍkdxjH L*jsruk= Qgk y^jsr dkyj&k= S~lP; go@aohaln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (14 : ‫)ا‬ ""Ahsb¸än (AÃmlphnsâ Znhyktµi§Ä, Zrãm´§Ä, sXfnhpIÄ, ]mT§Ä…) AhcpsS aÊpIÄ¡v ZrVamb t_m[yw h¶n«pw A{Iahpw Al¦mchpw aqew AhcXns ntj[n¨p Ifªp.'' (JpÀB³ 27: 14). QlSgl c{<[mjdX)k; Qgk c{<[mli[ LrjilgUalsn'k;, Lfjsr K!l)juiR LrjilgUalsn'k; Ligksm ~kÓj eyuk'k. Lfksdl![ fs' Lfjc(JGnik;, LfjcoÊ[aikalu YeeÖs rjuYÔj)k' ukd[fjalrk;, dqjik=irk;, Lyjuk'irk; é:u y^[ - c{<[mlik; c;gÊdrk;ê fJG&uluk; K![. Lfjsr rjS<Pj)k'iR Q'kdjH ~kÓjCorUSrl, Ls#(jH L|(lglH ~kÓjsu agij/j)kdSul, cIu; ij@[@juluj vaukdSul svu[firln[. LfjH ulsflgk SrMikaj#à * * * CjG)[ é~j;~lglPr, wlylglPrê éL#l|kijrk alYf; LidlCs/M :glPruksm Tr*X QOhjul)X)k;, r~jalG)k;, ~j;~*X)k; aËk; LG/j&[ L#l|kijrk= :glPrujH CjG)[ - e([ SvG)hk;ï L#l|kijrk alYf; LidlCs/M pjiUfIik;, YeeÖalsd c{<[mj&k c;gÊj)k'fjsh egalPjefUik; aËk; L#l|k L#ligjSh)[ SvGk eyÉ[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 150 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 151. idsi&ksdlmk)k'fk; aËk; :dk'k CjG)[ - e([ SvG)k' ijCIlc;ê. CjG)[ rjG%vr;î L#l|kijsRy fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$Èujsh éLFil, L#l|k alYfaln[ YeeÖjsRy c{<[mlik;, c;gÊdrk;, rjuYÔdrk; t' L#l|kijsRy ]dfIjshê ijCIlcjH CjG)[ - e([ SvG)Shlï L#l|kijsRy fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$Èujsh éLFil, L#l|kijrk alYfsa :glPruksm t#l Tr*xk; LG/j)lio - Lfluf[, L#l|kijsr alYfSa :glPj)lio t' :glPj)s/mkilrk= L#l|kijsRy LPjdlgjhk= ]dfIjshê ijCIlcjH CjG)[ - e([ SvG)Shlï L#l|kijsRy fO|Jp[ LH-Lc[alL[ i-LH- cIjEljsh éL#l|kijsRy rla*xjhk; zknijSC<n*xjhk; K= ]dfIjshê ijCIlcjH CjG)[ - e([ SvG)Shl :dk'kî CjG)[ é~j;~lglPrl ijCIlc;ê t'[ eyuk'f[. L#l|kijSrlsml/; aËk=isg ér~jalG, QOhjul)X, cIlhj|J*X, f*RalG, ~JijalG fkm*juisgê ijxj&k YelGÒj)kd, Lfs#(jH LiG)[ Si!j SrG&ul)kd, LiG)[ Si!j ~hjuyk)kd, é]Ëik; domkfHê >u; - YefJÊ - c[Sr|; fkm*juk= :glPruksm ]sf(jhksalgk Tr; LiG)[ éL#l|ki#liG)[ê LG/j)kd t'j*sr :glPruksm éKho|j$jsRyê ij<ujhln[ domkfH :xkdxjhk; CjG)[ c;>ij&k sdl!jgj)k'f[à t'lH, CjG)[ ele*xjHsi&[ ]Ëik; ihjufk; éL#l|kijSrlm[ eC[vlflej)lsf selyk)s/mlfkaluê elealdk'kàà Lfjrk= dlgn*Xî 1. L#l|kijr[ alYf; LG/jS)! :glPrlij<u*xjH c{<[mjdsx domj KXs/mkkd dlgn;, c{<[mlijSrlm[ éL#l|kijSrlm[ê Lisg éL#l|kijsRy c{<[mjdsxê Keaj)kduln[ sv$k'f[. TfldsM ]Ëik; ihju LYdaikaln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 151 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 152. (13 :‫ن‬ ) ÞfJG&uluk; L#l|kijrk= :glPrujH aËk=isg e(k SvG)k'f[ ihju LYda; fs'uldk'k.ß éDkG:R 31î 13ê ‫ ا‬éLYda;ê t'[ eyÉlHî Qgk ic[fkijsr LfjsRy uFlGÒ c[Flr#lsf si)hldk'k. :sg(jhk; L#l|ki#lisg :glPj)kdulsn(jH :glPrsu LfjsRy uFlGÒ c[Flr# LiR si&jgj)k'f[, LFil, LfjsRy uFlGÒ Kmac[Fr# Lf[ LiR rHdjuf[. Lfksdl![ fs' Lf[ ihju LYdaaldk'k. 2. LfjH éCjG)jHê rj'k; eC[vlej&[ ejÔjgjulir[ L#l|k Qgj)hk; selykk sdlmk)kdujs#'[ YeDUlej&jgj)k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (48 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ããL#l|kijrk= :glPrujH aËk=isg e(k SvG)s/mk'f[ LiR éL#l|kê Qgj)hk; selyk)kduj#. Lf[ Qqjsduk=f[ LiR KS`Cj)k'iG)[ éLiRê selykk sdlmk)k;.ää éDkG:R 4î 48ê 3. :glPrujhk;éaËk;ê CjG)[ sv$k'ir[ cIGz; rj<jÓalsn'k; LulX rgdjH rjfUilcjulujgj)ksa'k; L#l|k Yec[flij&jgj)k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (72 : ‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ããL#l|kijSrlm[ i#irk; :glPrujhk;éaËk;ê e(kSvG)k' eÊ; fJG&uluk; L#l|k Lir[ cIGz; rj<jÓal)k'fln[. rgd; LisRy ilcc[Fh; :ujgj)k'fkaln[. LYdajdX)[ é~j;~lglPdG)[, LPG+; sv$k'iG)[ê c|lujdxluj :gk; fs'uj#.ää éDkG:R 5î 72ê. 4. CjG)[ akqkiR cHdG+*Sxuk; rj<[Ehal)k'k, L#l|k eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 152 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 153. (88 :‫م‬ ‫)ا‬ ÞLiG L#l|kijSrlm[ :glPrujhk;éaËk;ê CjG)[ - e(k SvGlH LiG YeiGj&jgk'i écHdG+*Xê t#l; selxjÉk Seldk'fln[ fJG&.ß éDkG:R 6î 88ê. Tf[ iJ!k; dlnkdî (65 : ‫)ا‬ ããér~jSuê rjr)k; rjr)k akÙk=iGéaËk= pofØlGê)k; fJG&uluk; S~lPr; rHds/MjMk=f[î ãrJ L#l|kijSrlm[ :glPrujH CjG)[ - e(k SvGlH rjsRy cHdG+; selxjÉk Seldkduk; érJê r<[m)lgjH semkduk; sv$k; ét'ldk'k Lf[êä.ß éDkG:R 39î 65ê. 5. CjG)[ sv$k'igksm éakC[gj)jsRyê Prik; gd[fik; éTc[hlajd >gndomak= glwU*xjHê ukÓjH ejmjs&mk)H LrkiprJualn[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (5 : ‫)ا‬ ããCjG)[ sv$k'isg é~j;~lglPrl ijCIlcjdsxê rj*X éLiGs)fjsg ukÓ; YeDUlej&lHê Lisg ds!k'jm[si&k sdl'k dxukd. Lisg ejmjdomkduk; ixukduk; LiG)[ Si!j efjujgj)likS'ms#l; efjujgj)kduk; sv$kd.ää éDkG:R 9î 5ê. Qgk |pJcjH T*sr dlnl;î ’: : ” (20 : ‫ري: 4296، ﻡ‬ ) “.‘ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 153 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 154. L~o|kyu[y yjS/lGM[ sv$k'k, r~j eyÉkî ããwr*X ãhl Thl| T#l L#l|[ä t'k eyuk'fkisg LiSglm[ ukÓ; sv$lR BlR dHej)s/Mjgj)k'k. :G éL#l|k ukÓ; YeDUlej)s/MigjH QglXê ãhl Thl| T#l L#l|[ä t'[ eyuk'kSil LisRy CgJgik; cIk; t'jH rj'k; LiR c;gÊj&jgj)k'k, LfjH rj'kak!ldk' aËk LidlC*X éziNsaRy[ ejgjs&mk)k' cdl[, rjdkfj fkm*juiê Qqjsdß é~kDlgjî 6924, akc[hj;î 20ê. 6. CjG)[ ele*xjH si&[ ]Ëik; ihju elealn[. Qgk |pJcjH T*sr dlnl;î ’: : ” : . : . ‘ (87 : ‫ري: 4562، ﻡ‬ ) “.‘... ’ ããL~o~d[yÈ eyuk'kî éao'[ YeliCU;ê r~j eyÉkî ãiRele*xjH ]Ëik; zkgkfgaluf[ BlR eyusM?ä B*X eyÉkî Lsf, L#l|kijsRy pofsg eyÉlhk;. Lijmk'[ eyÉkî ãL#l|kijSrlm[ :glPrujhk;éaËk;ê CjG)[ - e(k SvG)k'fk;, alflejfl)sx SYpl|j)H… t'fkaln[ä.ß é~kDlgjî 2654, akc[hj;î 87ê. T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê ( ‫ )ا اب ا‬t' Yzr[FjH Se. 109-H eyuk'kî ããéYeeÖêc{<[mj/jsRyuk;, sspijd dH/rdxksmuk; KS`CU;î ãark<UR L#l|kijsRy rla*sxuk;, zknijSC<n*sxuk; c;~r[Pj&[ arÍjhl)kduk;, Lisr alYf; :glPj)kduk;, LirjH :sguk; :glPrujhk;éaËk;ê e([SvG)lfjgj)kduk;, wr*X)jmujH rJfjSulsm iGj)kduk; sv$kd t'fldk'k. Tf[ :dlC>oajujH rjhrjH)k' rJfjuldk'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 154 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 155. (25 : ‫ی‬ ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw mw ½psS ZqX³amsc hyIvXamb ZrjvSm´§fpw sIm−v Ab¡pIbp−mbn. P§Ä oXn]qÀÆw nesImÅphm³ th−n AhtcmsSm¸w thZ{KÙhpw Xpemkpw (oXnymbw) Cd¡nsImSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp.'' (JpÀB³ 57: 25). YeilvdRalsg rjSulzj&fk;, SipYzr[F*X Ty)jufk; w*X)jmujH rJfj rm/jhl)kilR Si!julsn'[ L#l|k rak)[ Lyjuj&[ fgk'k. ]Ëik; ihju rJfjujH seMfln[ fO|Jp[ éL#l|ksi alYf; :glPj)Hê t'k=f[. Lf[ rJfjuksm dlfhk;, rjhrjHekaln[. t'lH CjG)[ é~j;~lglPr, ~j;~-wlylglPrê LYdaaln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (13 :‫ن‬ ) ""XoÀ¨bmbpw (AÃmlphnpÅ) Bcm[bn inÀ¡v þ ]¦p tNÀ¡p¶Xv henb A{Iaw Xs¶bmIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 31: 13). CjG)[ éLFil, L#l|kijrk alYf; LidlCs/M :glPrdX r~jalG)k;, QOhjul)X)k;, ~j;~*X)k; aËk; LG/j)k' fI;ê LYda*xjH si&[ ]Ëik; ihju LYdaaln[àï fO|Jp[ éL#l|kijrk alYfsa :glPruksm t#l Tr*xk; LG/j)lio - LFil, L#l|kijsr alYfSa :glPj)lio t' fI;ê rJfjujH si&[ ]Ëik; ihju rJfjukaln[. Lfksdl![, rJfjsu rjS<Pj)k' : ]Ëik; ihju ele; éCjG)[ê iRele*xjH ]Ëik; ihju iRelealdk'kààß T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê ( ‫ )ا اب ا‬t' Yzr[FjH Se. 109-H fkmgk'kî ããL#l|k ark<Usg c{<[mj& uFlGÒ KS`CUjsRy Lmjc[Flrs fs' rjS<Pj)k' CjG)[ éL#l|kijr[ alYf; LidlCs/M :glPrdX r~jalG)k;, QOhjul)X)k;, ~j;~*X)k; aËk; LG/j)k' fI;ê rjgkelPjd; fs' ]Ëik; ihju iRelealdk'kà CjG)[ sv$k'iG)[ L#l|k cIGz; rj<jÓal)jujgj)k'k, CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 155 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 156. akC[gj)kdxksm é~j;~lglPdgksm, wly :glPdgksmê cHdG+*X L#l|k cIJdgj)kduj#àà LigjH :gksmuk; CkelGCuk; éCElLk;ê L#l|k cIJdgj)kduj#, egShld[ Q'jrk; LiG)[ Kg; h>j)kdukaj#à LiG)[ YefJÊ)[ idukaj#à akC[gj)kdX é~j;~ - wly :glPdGê :n[ L#l|kijsr dkyj&k= LyjijH ihju wl|jhkdX éihju LB[wfuk=iGê, LiG c{<[mjdsx éc{<[mjdX)[ :glPrdX LG/j&[ê L#l|kijr[ fk#Us/mkkduln[àà Lf[ L#l|kijsr dkyj&k= Ligksm ihju Lw[Bfuk;, Ligksm é: ~j;~lglPdgksm - akC[gj)kdxksm - wlylglPdgksmê ]Ëik; ihju LYdaikaldk'kà Tfjhosm : akC[gj)kdX)[ L#l|kijsrfjgjH Q'k; sv$kilR clPUa#, ayj&[ LiG cIu; LYda; YeiGj&jgj)kduln[,ää T~[rkHD$jajsRy ilvd; Tijsm Liclrj)k'k. 7. CjG)[ é~j;~ - wly :glPrê sv$kd t'f[ CkÓalu :glPr t' YeiGjujH rUorfdX SvG)k' ijCIlcaldk'k. :sg(jhk; L#l|kijsr :glPj)k'fjH aËk=isg CjG)[ - e([ SvGlH, LiR :glPr t' YeiGj L#l|ki#ligjH éiUlwalujê c[Flej)kduln[ sv$k'f[à Tf[ L#l|kijSrlm[ LS*uË; tfjg[ Yedmj/j)k', Qgk ukÓ; YeDUlej)H Selhk= CYfkf iUd[fal)hk; :dk'kàà CjG)jsRy é~j;~lglPr - wlylglPruksmê Tr*Xî CjG)[ g![ Tr*xjH K![, Q'las Tr;î Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk' elealu : ihju CjG)[ é~j;~lglPr - wlylglPrêuksm dkË; sv$k'iR rgdjH rjfUilcjulujgj)k;. Li flsq ijigj)k'kî 1- L#l|ki#lisg ér~jalG, QOhjul)X, ~j;~*X, SuCk - TOclr~j fkm*juisgê ijxj&kYelGÒj)H éQgk ihju CjG)[ :dk'kê. 2- D~ykdXS)l, wj'kdXS)l, ejClvk)XS)l, ér~jalG, QOhjul)X, ~j;~*X, SuCk - TOclr~j CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 156 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 157. fkm*jê aËki#iG)k; SrG&Sul, ~hjSul rHdH éQgk ihju CjG)[ :dk'kê. 3- ijxj&kYelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj - Lyi[, :glPruksm ]sf(jhk; Tr; L#l|k L#liG)[ rHdH éQgk ihju CjG)[ :dk'kê. 4- agj&isgSul, wj'kdSxSul, ejClvk)SxSul éLiG :glPj)k' r~jalG, QOhjul)X, ~j;~*X, SuCk… fkm*juisgSulê L#l|kijsr >us/mk'f[ Selsh é]Ëik; domkfHê >us/mkdSul, LiG cIu; fs' KeYpiak!l)kdSul, Sglz; igkkdSul sv$ksa'[ Semj)kdSul sv$H éQgk ihju CjG)[ :dk'kê. 5- T'[ cIlhj|J*xksmuk;, QOhjul)xksmuk;, ér~jalgksmuk;ê D~ykdxjH rj'k;, wly*xjH rj'k;, sdMjukuGs/M CidkmJg; éDk^, aDl;êdxjH rj'k; wr*X :Yz| cEhJdgn; YefJÊj)kduk; - Lf[ Sfmjs)l!jgj)kduk; sv$k'k, Lf[ CjG)[ :dk'kï LfkSelsh Yeulc*X rJ)kd, :iCU; Srmjgkd fkm*ju L#l|kijr[ alYf; dqjuk' dlgU*X L#l|k L#ligjH éLFil, r~jalG, QOhjul)X, ~j;~*X fkm*juigjHê rj'[ YefJÊj)H… t'jiuk; ihju CjG)[ :dk'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî .(18 : ‫)ی‬ ""AhÀ¡v D]{Zhtam D]Imctam sN¿m¯Xns, AÃmlphnv ]pdsa AhÀ Bcm[n¨p sIm−ncn¡p¶p. ChÀ (B Bcm[yÀ) AÃmlphnsâ ASp¡Â R§Ä¡pÅ ip]mÀi¡mcmWv (i^mA¯v sN¿p¶hcmWv) F¶v ]dbpIbpw sN¿p¶p. (_ntb!) ]dbpI: BImi§fntem `qanbntem DÅXmbn AÃmlphnv Adnbm¯ hà Imcyhpw n§fh¶v Adnbn¨p sImSp¡pIbmtWm (CXv)? AhÀ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 157 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 158. Bcm[bn ]¦v þ inÀ¡v tNÀ¡p¶hcn ns¶Ãmw AÃmlp F{Xtbm ]cnip²pw D¶Xpambncn¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 10: 18). éTisu#l; domlsf, fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$Èujhk;, fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$Èujhk;, fO|Jp[ LH-Lc[alL[ i-LH- cIjEljhkak= ijCIlc*xjhk; Sisyuk; CjG)kdX iqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*xjhk; aËk; c;>ij)k'k![, Li ehfk; flsq igk'k![ - TRCl L#l|[ê. g!las Tr; CjG)[ ésvyju CjG)[êî Ti svyju CjG)[ :dk'k. TO dkË; sv$kdaoh; QglX Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk'j#. t'lH Tfk Lulxksm fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcjH dkyi[ igkk'fk;, éiR ele*xjH KXs/Mfk;ê, ihju CjG)jSh)[ iqjsfxj)k'fk; :dk'k. Tf[ g![ é2ê fg; :dk'kî 1- rli[ sdl!k; aËk CgJgliui*X sdl!k; YefUÊaluj sv$k' svyju CjG)kdXî Tf[ il)kdxjhosmuk;, YeiGr*xjhosmuk; c;>ij)k'fldk'k. Kpl|gn;î L#l|ki#lisg sdl![ cfU; sv$d, éL#l|kik;, rJuk; KS`Cj&f[ t'[ eyukdê fkm*ju il)kdX svyju CjG)jHs/mk'k. Kpl|gn;î lZokv: _n ]dªp, ’: : ( ) ” ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫: 2/96، 78، 521، ﺹ‬ ‫)ا ﻡ ي: 5351، أ‬ “.‘ .(6204 : ‫ا‬ _n ]dªp: ""Bsc-¦nepw AÃm-lp- A-Ãm-¯-hsc (_namÀ, Huenbm¡Ä, Pmdw, ac§Ä, IÃpIÄ, k´m§Ä, amXm]nXm¡Ä, k¼¯v, IAv_ XpS§nbh t]msebpÅXp) sIm−v kXyw sNbvXm Ah³ (AhÄ) Ip^vÀ sNbvXp (kXy- n-tj[w sNbvXp) þ Asæn Ah³ (AhÄ A§s) inÀ¡v sNbvXp.'' (XnÀanZn: 1535, AlvaZv: 2/69þ87þ125, kzlolv AÂ_mn kzlolv A-ÂPm-an-Av: 6204.). LfkSelsh ‫ ﻡ ﺵ ء ا وﺵ‬éL#l|kik;, rJuk; KS`Cj&f[ê t'[ eyuk'fk; svyju CjG)jHs/mk'k. Qgk |pJc[ Srl)kdî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 158 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 159. _n ]dªp: “. (! : )! ” ""o Fs¶ (_n sb) AÃ-mlphntmSv n±³ (Xpe-y³, ico¡v) B¡nsbm?! F¶mÂ, AÃmlp am{Xw Dt±in¨Xv F¶mWv (o) ]dtb−Xv.'' (ss_lJn: 3/217, knÂkne¯p klolv AÂ_mn: 1/216 . 139, C_vpamPx: 2117, _pJmcn AZ_pÂap^vdZv: 783). lZokv: ho−pw _n ]dªp, “ .‘ : ’: ” ""AÃm-lphpw apl½Zpw (_n bpw) Dt±-in-¨Xv F¶v o ]d-b-cpXv.'' (AlvaZv: 5/72, knÂkne klolv AÂ_mn: 1/216þ138). lZokv, ho−pw _n ]dªp: ’: ” “ .‘ ""AÃm-lphpw C¶-bmfpw (AÃm-lphpw apl½Zv _n bpw, Asæn AÃm-lphpw obpw…) Dt±-in-¨n-cp-¶p-sh-¦n F¶v n§Ä ]dbcpXv; F¶m o ]d-bpI; "am imAþAÃm-lp (AÃmlp Dt±-in-¨Xpw), kp½ imA ^pemp³ (]ns¶ C¶þC¶bmfpw Dt±-in-¨m þ Asæn ]ns¶ C¶ C¶Xv sIm−pw)' F¶v.'' (AlvaZv: 5/384, A_q-Zm-hqZv: 4980, klolv AÂ_mn – knÂkneXp -klol: 137) LfkSelsh, ‫ا و ن‬ ðL#l|kik;, T' iUd[fjuk; éak|+p[ r~j uk;ê T#lujgks'(jHò t'j*sr eyukilrk; elmj#. t'lH, T*sr eyukdî ‫ ﻡ ﺵ َ ا ُ ﺵ ء ن‬éL#l|k KS`Cj&f[, ‫ء‬ ejs' T'-T' :xk; KS`Cj&fk; t'[ê, Ls#(jH, ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ éL#l|k T#lujgks'(jH, ejs' T' :xk; Ts#(jHê. dlgn; ّ ‫ ـ‬éck+ - ejs'ê t'k=f[ éL#l|kijsRy KS`CU; akÔj/j&k=ê YdaJdgnSuk;, LfkSelsh LHe; clidlCSuk; covj/j)k'k. Lmjauksm aCJL[ éKS`CU;ê CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 159 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 160. L#l|kijsRy KS`CUs ejRfkmG'[ igk'fldk'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (29 : ‫ی‬ ‫)ا‬ ""temIc£nXmhmb AÃmlp Dt±in¡p¶psh¦neÃmsX n§Ä Dt±in¡pIbnÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 81: 29). t'lH éLy~jujsh ãili[ä t' LÊg; dosmê KeSulzj&[ éakdxjsh |pJcjH i' goejHê eyukdulsn(jH Lf[ rjgkelPjd; : eyus/M g!k dlgU*sx Qgkaj/j)kduk;, Lf[ éL#l|kijsRy LrkafjujHê CjG)[ - e([ SvG)k' ijCIlc; :dkduk; sv$k'fln[, Tf[ fkmG&SuSul, clidlCSSul covj/j)k'j#. TO sfËlu YeSulzjsRy Kpl|gn;î ‘ ‫إ ا وأ‬ ‫’ﻡ‬ Þtrj)[ L#l|kik;, rJuka#lsf :gkaj#àß ‘ ‫آتا و آ‬ ‫’ه ا ﻡ‬ ÞTf[ L#l|kijsRyuk;, rjsRyuk; LrkYz|lH :dk'kß. T*sr Q'k; eyukilR elmj#, dlgn; Tf[ svyju CjG)jHs/mk'k. dG+*xjH c;>ij)k' svyju CjG)[î egJÊn*xk;, ~kÓjakMkdxk;, éSglz*xk;ê rJ)kilrk;, fmukilrk; Si!j iM)Ñj, roh[, fkm*jui éaYÔj&k; aËk;ê fo)kd, LfkSelsh dSÑyjsr >u'[ sdl![ st)#[ é]hc[, roh[ê sdMkd fkm*ju dlgU*X TfjHs/Mfln[. TO dlgU*sx#l; Yeulc*X rJ)kilrk;, ~kÓjakMkdX fmukilrk; érØ igkkilrk;ê K= dlgn*xlsn'[ :sg(jhk; ijCIcj)kdulsn(jH Lf[ svyju CjG)jH KXs/Mfldk'k. dlgn; L#l|k Lisu ~kÓjakMkdX fmukilrk; érØ igkkilrk;ê K= dlgn*xl)j si&jMj#à t'lH rohk;, ixuik;, st)#k; cIu; fs' Yeulc*sx fmukduk;, ~kÓjakMkdX pogJdgj)kduk; érØ igkkduk;ê sv$ksa'[ ijCIcj&lH Lf[ Qgk ihju CjG)[ éfO|Jp[ LH- yk~o~j$ÈujH LFil, L#l|kijsRy alYf; dG+alu YeeÖ c{<[mj/jhk;, c;gÊnjhk;, rjuYÔnjhkak= CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 160 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 161. ]dfIjhk= fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcjH e([ - CjG)[ SvG)Hê :dk'kàà dlgn; LiR L*jsr éL#l|kijH rj'[ h>jS)!k' gÊ)kSi!jê L#l|ki#ligjH fi)kH égÊ)kSi!j ijCIcj&[ >gSaH/j)Hê svu[fjgj)kduln[àà 1- svyju CjG)[ g!las fg; éSzleUalu CjG)[êî Tf[ ark<UsRy KS`CU*xjhk;, :Yz|*xjhk; CjG)[ si)kd éLFil, cH)G+*xksm KS`CUjH L#l|kijsRy yjx - f{e[fj :Yz|j)k'fjr[ edg;, : KS`CUjH aËk=igksm YeC;c - f{e[fj :Yz|j)Hê t'fln[ SzleUalu CjG)[, LiujH seMfln[î ShldalrU; - yjulL[ éwr*xksm YeC;c KS`Cj&[ - :Yz|j&[ cH)G+*X sv$kdàê, cH)G+*X)[ YeCc[fj :Yz|j)kdà fkm*jui. L#l|kijSh)[ Lmk/ ~r[P; K!l)kilrk= dG+*X wr*xksm YeC;c)[ Si!j YeiGj)kd, wr*X YeC;cj)kilrk; - ekdq[kilrk; Si!j rac[dlg; >;zj doMkd - plrPG+; sv$kd, LfkSelsh wr*xjH YeCc[fjuk!lilR r# cIgjH >;zjSulsm ijCkÓ DkG:R elglun; sv$kd, pjd[ykdX K&jH Kgkijmkd Selshuk=f[ TfjH seMfln[. éTf[ fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcjr[ dkyi[ igkk'fk;, iR ele*xjH seMfk; :dk'kê. LfkSelsh, cH)G+*xjH ShldalrU; éyjulL[ê domj)hG'lH : cH)G+; rj<[Ehaln[. ét'lH, ShldalrUjr[ - yjulL[r[ Si!j alYf; cH)G+*X svu[flH Lf[ demijCIlcjuksm - akrlEjDjsRy cH)G+*xjH KXs/mk'fkaln[ààê, L#l|k eyuk'kî (110 : ‫)ا‬ ""AXn-mÂ, Asc-¦nepw Xsâ dºp-ambn (AÃmlphpambn) (]- c-tem-I¯v hnNmc-W-bn Ã-n-e-bnÂ) Im-Wp-hm³ Bin¡p¶p- sh-¦n Ah³ kÂIÀ½w {]hÀ¯n¨p sImÅs«, Xsâ c£n- Xm-hns (AÃmlphn-s) Bcm-[n-¡p-¶-Xn Hcmsfbpw ]¦p- tNÀ¡m-sX-bp-an-cn-¡s«.'' (JpÀ-B³ 18: 110). lZokv, _n ]dªp: CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 161 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 162. ’: ” : : ‘ “.‘ ’ ""Rm³ (_n ) n§-fpsS ta Gähpw IqSp-X t]Sn¡p¶Xv sNdnb inÀ¡n-s-bm-Wv. AhÀ (kz-lm-_n-IÄ) tNmZn¨p: "F´mWv B sNdnb inÀ¡v'? Ahn-Sp¶v (_n ) ]dªp: "AXv AÂþdnbmAv (kÂIÀ½w aäp-Å-hsc ImWn-¡p- hm³ th−n sN¿Â) BIp-¶p'.'' (AlvaZv: 5/428-þ429, Xz_vdmn Xsâ aAvPa- AÂþI_o-dnÂ: 2/253 ¼À: 4301, klolv AÂPmanAv AÂ_mn: 1555). LfkSelsh, >Ofjd hÊUjr[ Si!j alYf; cH)G+*X sv$kduk;, >Ofjd hÊUjr[ alYfaluj wr*X)[ Tala[ érac[dlgjrk; aËk; Srf{fI;ê rjH)kd - ~l([sdlmk)kd - |w[w[ sv$kd, cÙjr[ Si!j wj|lp[ sv$kd, écÙjr[ Si!j alYf; af; eAj/j)kd…ê fkm*jui Tfjr[ Kpl|gnaln[. lZokv: A_qlpdbvd hn n¶pw nthZw, AÃmlphnsâ dkq ]dªp: ’: : ” . (2887 :‫ري‬ ‫)ا‬ “.‘ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 162 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 163. ""A_vZpþZomÀ þ ]Ws¯ Bcm[n¡p¶h³' in¡s«! A_vZpþZnÀlw (ZnÀlansâ Bcm[I³ þ ASna) in¡s«! ]«phkv{X¯nsâ ASna in¡s«! ap´nb DSbmSIfpsS ASna in¡s«! Ahv (AXv) ÂIs¸«m Ah³ Xr]vXnbSbpw, (AXv) In«nbnsæn tIm]n¡pw. Ah³ (]ctemI¯v) A[x]Xn¨p. (Ahv) apÅp Ip¯nbm AXv ]pds¯Sp¡m³ (£abp−mInÃ) IgnbnÃ. (F¶mÂ) Hcp ASna¡v Xzq_m (awKfw, kzÀ¤w, kzÀ¤hr£w)! AbmÄ AÃmlphnsâ amÀ¤¯nepÅ IpXncbpsS (AYhm, CkvemanI tkh) ISnªm¬ ]nSn¨ncn¡p¶p, AbmfpsS apSn (AÃmlphnsâ amÀ¤¯nepÅ ITnm²zm¯m Xnc¡p]nSn¨Xp ImcWw) PSIp¯nbncn¡p¶p þ CcpImepIfpw s]mSn ]pc−ncn¡p¶p. AbmÄ (AÃmlphnsâ amÀ¤¯nepÅ tkh¯nsâ) ImhenemsW¦n Imhen Xs¶ (£atbmsS BßmÀ°ambn) n¡p¶p, AbmÄ ImemÄ]SbnemsW¦n ImemÄ]Sbn Xs¶ (£atbmsS BßmÀ°ambn) n¡p¶p! AbmÄ AphmZw tNmZn¨m AphmZw ÂIs¸SpIbnÃ, AbmÄ ip]mÀi sNbvXm AXv kzoIcn¡s¸SpIbpanà (ImcWw, AbmÄ kÂIÀ½§Ä temIsc ImWn¡msX þ dnbmAv CÃmsX sN¿p¶XpsIm−v tXm¡·mcpsSbpw aäpw CSbn AbmÄ Adnbs¸Sm¯ hyàn Bbncn¡pw). (_pJmcn: 2887). a|lrlu Tal; T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê eyuk'kî ããKS`CU*xjhk;, :Yz|*xjhkak= CjG)[ dgdlnldmhldk'k éLFil, ixsg LPjdak![êàà LfjH rj'[ gÊs/mk'iG ixsg vkgk); alYf;à L#l|kijsRy yjx éf{e[fj, YeJfjê L#lsf aËki#fk; fsRy cH)G+; sdl![ :sg(jhk; :Yz|j)kd t'fk;, fsRy cH)G+jr[ éL#l|kijH rj'k= T|Shld-egShld SrM; L#lsfê aËlgksmsu(jhk; éT|Shld-egShldê YefjEh; :Yz|j)kd - KS`Cj)kd t'fk;, LiR fsRy KS`CUjhk; rj$jhk; CjG)[ - e([ SvG)hldk'k, édlgn;, rak)[ TO Shldk; egShldk; gÊuk; SrMik; t#l; YefJÊjS)!fk;, SfSm!fk; L#l|kijH rj'k alYfaln[, DkG:R 1î 5 Srl)kdê. dG+*xjsh TD[hlc[ - ‫ا ﺥ ص‬ érj<[dx(f, :f[alGÒf, cfUcr[Pf, rj<[dlemU;ê t'[ eyÉlH fsRy dG+*xk;, il)kdxk;, KS`CU*xk;, :Yz|*xk; L#l|kijr[ alYf; rj<[dx(al)kd ðt'jM[ TO Shldk; egShldk; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 163 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 164. LrkYz|ik;, gÊuk;, SrMik; t#l; L#l|kijSrlm[ alYf; Svlpj)kd, éDkG:R 1î 5 Srl)kdê.ò t'fln[. L#l|k fsRy akqkiR LmjadSxlmk; cIJdgj)kilrluj dHej& TY~l|j; uksm svl%lu aj#[ éelfê Tfkfs'uln[. L#l|k LmjadxjH rj'[ TO goejhk= rj<[dx(alu é:f[alGÒalu, cfUcr[Palu, rj<[dlemUaluê cHdG+*x#lsf asËlgk dG+ik; cIJdgj)kduj#à Tfln[ Tc[hl;afjsRy cijSC<f. L#l|k eyuk'kî (85 :‫ان‬ ‫)ل‬ ""Ckvemw (ssZh¯npÅ BßmÀ¸Ww) AÃm¯Xns Bsc¦nepw aXambn B{Kln¡p¶]£w AXv Ahn n¶v Hcn¡epw (AÃmlp) kzoIcn¡s¸Sp¶XÃ. ]ctemI¯n Ah³ jvS¡mcn s]«hpambncn¡pw.'' (JpÀB³ 3: 85). Tfln[ TY~l|j; r~j uksm svl%lu aj#[ érj<[dx(alu Tc[hl;ê, :sg(jhk; Tfjsr Liznj)kdulsn(jH LiR ij@[@jdxjH ]Ëik; ihju ij@[@juldk'kää. C{_mlow _n bpsS Cu anïn (njvIf¦amb CkvemanÂ) Pohn¡p¶hÀ¡v AÃmlp c−p temI¯pw ·IÄ ÂIp¶XmWv, AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: ""CltemI¯v At±l¯nv (C{_mlow _n ¡v) mw (AÃmlp) ³a ÂIpIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p. ]ctemI¯mIs« XoÀ¨bmbpw At±lw kZvhr¯cpsS Iq«¯nembncn¡pw.'' Tal; T~[rkH D$jajsRy ( (JpÀB³ 16: 122) . ‫اب ا‬ ‫ )ا‬Se.115 H rj'k= KÓgnj Tijsm Liclrj)k'k. ihju CjG)k; - svyju CjG)k; f+jhk= iUfUlc;î 1- ihju CjG)[ svu[flH Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seluj dlEjyldk;ï t'lH svyju CjG)[ afjH rj'[ ekyl)k'js#(jhk; Lfksdl![ fO|Jpjhk= ijCIlcjr[ SdlM; fMk'fln[. 2- ihju CjG)[ svu[fiR éL#l|kijSrlm[ eC[vlflej&jMj#(jHê t'ksa'k; rgdjhlujgj)k;àï t'lH svyju CjG)[ svu[fiR éL#l|kijSrlm[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 164 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 165. eC[vlflej&jMjs#(jHê rgdjH YeSiCj&lhk; LfjH rjfUilcjulujgj)j#. 3- ihju CjG)[ akqkiR dG+*sxuk; rj<[Ehal)j dxuk'fln[ï t'lH svyju CjG)[ akqkiR dG+*sxuk; rj<[Ehal)kduj# - t'lH, ]f[ dG+alSnl YeCc[fj KS`CU; si&[ éLFil, svyju CjG)[ - yjulL[ - ShldalrU; KS`CU; si&[ê svu[ff[, : dG+; alYf; rj<[Ehaldk'fln[. 4- ihju CjG)[ svu[fisRy gd[fik; cÙk; Tc[hlajd glwU*xjsh >gnlPjdlgjdX)[ éejquluj ejmjs&mk)Hê LrkiprJualn[ï t'lH, svyju CjG)[ svu[figkSmf[ LrkiprJua#. 5- éihju CjG)[ svu[fiG)[ fsRy akc[hjalu Tnukaluk= ssh;zjd ~r[P; rj<jÓaldk;, LfkSelsh fsRy akc[hj; alflejfl)xksm iqj)k= cIidlCik; rj<jÓaldk;ï t'lH, svyju CjG)[ svu[fiG)[ Ti rj<jÓa#ê. * * * dkE[G - éTc[hl;af rjS<P;î LFil Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk' dlgU*Xê rjG%vr;î >l<legalu LGÒ;î ãdkE[Gä t'fjr[ >l<legaluj écfU;ê ay&[ si)H - aomjsi)H t' LGÒaldk'k. afegalu LGÒ;î ãdkE[Gä t'lH ãTOalRäsRy éLFil, ijCIlcjsRyê ijegJfep; :dk'k. dkE[G t'f[ sdl![ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 165 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 166. ijiÊj)k'f[ L#l|kijhk; LisRy r~jalgjhk; LijCIcj)kd éLFil, c;Cuj)kd - dxil)kdê t'fln[. LiG L#l|kijsruk;, LisRy r~jalsguk; éLs#(jHî DkG:rk;, |pJck;ê dxil)k'iG :sn(jhk; Ls#(jhk; - Ligksm c;Cu; sdls!l, ijCIlcjhk= vlÖhU;sdls!l, siyk/ksdls!l, Lcousdls!l L|(lg;sdls!l, SpS|Vdsx ejReËk'fksdls!l TO ãgjclh[ä éDkG:rk;, |pJck; Qgk>lzsal Ls#(jH akqkirlsulê cIJdgj)k'f[ fmus/Mlhk; Lf[ dkE[G fs'uln[. LfkSelsh éLiRíLiXê YeilvdØlgksm cfUcr[PfujH p{@aluj ijCIcj)k'k![ t'lH tfjG/[ éc[eGÓ, Lcouê dlgnlH éTc[hl;î DkG:rk;, |pJck;ê LijCIcj)kdSul, rjS<Pj)kdSul, dxil)kdSul svu[flhk; Lfk; dkE[G éTc[hl;af rjS<P;, LFil Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk' dlgU;ê fs'uln[.20 dkE[yjsRy Tr*X dkE[G g![ Tr*xln[î éQ'[î ihju dkE[G, g![î svyju dkE[Gê. Q'[î ihju dkE[Gî TO dkE[G sdl![ Qgk akc[hj; ãaj#[äH éTc[hlajHê rj'[ eoGÑaluj eky[ Seldk'fln[. Tf[ LÖ[ fg*xln[. 1- éL#l|ksiuk; LisRy pofØlsguk; - DkG:rk;, |pJck;ê rjS<Pj)k' - dxil)k' dkE[y[ écfUrjS<P;ê, Tfjrk= sfxji[î (68 :‫ت‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphnsâ t]cn IÅw sI«n¨abv¡pItbm, kXyw (Ckvemw: JpÀB³, lZokv) h¶pIn«nbt¸mÄ AXv ntj[n¨v 20 (335/12 : ‫ا ﺱ ما‬ ‫وى‬ ‫عا‬ ‫- )ﻡ‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 166 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 167. XÅpItbm sNbvXhs¡mÄ A{Ianbmbn Bcp−v? kXyntj[nIÄ¡v (AÃmlphnsâ GIXzs¯bpw Ahsâ ZqXsbpw ntj[n¨p XÅnbhÀ¡v) cI¯n hmkkvYew CÃtbm?'' (JpÀB³ 29: 68). 2- éL#l|ksiuk; LisRy pofØlsguk; - DkG:rk;, |pJck;ê cfUs/mkk'ks!(jhk; siykS/lsmuk;, L|(lgSlsmuk; K= dkE[y[ écfUrjS<P;ê, Tfjrk= sfxji[î (34 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""BZans n§Ä {]Wan¡pI F¶v mw (AÃmlp) ae¡pItfmSv ]dª kµÀ`w ({i²n¡pI). AhÀ {]Wan¨p; C_veokv HgnsI. Ah³ (AÃmlphnsâ hm¡pIsf kXys¸Sp¯n, F¶mÂ) hnk½Xw {]ISn¸n¡pIbpw Alw`mhw Sn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Ah³ "Im^nÀ' (kXyntj[n)Ifn s]«hmbncn¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 34). 3- éL#l|ksiuk; LisRy pofØlsguk;ê c;Cuj&ksdl!k= dkE[y[, Lf[ KO|jsRy dkE[yldk'k. Tfjrk= sfxji[î (38 - 35 : ‫)ا‬ ""kz´t¯mSv Xs¶ Aymbw {]hÀ¯n¨v sIm−v (Ahnizmkt¯msSbpw Al¦mct¯msSbpw) Ah³ Xsâ tXm«¯n {]thin¨p. Ah³ ]dªp: "Hcn¡epw CsXm¶pw in¨v t]mIpsa¶v Rm³ hnNmcn¡p¶nÃ. A´y kabw nehn hcpw F¶pw Rm³ hnNmcn¡p¶nÃ. Cn Rm³ Fsâ dºn¦te¡v (]pcp²mcWmfnÂ) aS¡s¸SpIbmsW¦ntem, XoÀ¨bmbpw, aS§ns¨Ãp¶Xnv CXnt¡mÄ D¯aamb Hcp CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 167 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 168. kvYew Fn¡v e`n¡pI Xs¶ sN¿pw'. Ahsâ (aXÚmnbmb) N§mXn Ahpambn kwhmZw S¯ns¡m−ncns¡ ]dªp: "a®n n¶pw A´cw _oP¯n n¶pw ns¶ krjvSn¡pIbpw, ]n¶oSv ns¶ Hcp ]pcpjmbn kwhn[mn¡pIbpw sNbvXhn (AÃmlphnÂ) o Ahnizkn¨ncn¡pIbmtWm? F¶m (Fsâ hnizmkanXmWv): Ah³ AYhm AÃmlphmIp¶p Fsâ dºv (krãmhpw kwc£Ipw). Fsâ dºntmSv ({]]© krãn¸nepw kwc£W¯nepapÅ AÃmlphnsâ Ignhnepw þ iànbnepw aäpw) bmsXm¶nsbpw Rm³ ]¦ptNÀ¯p (inÀ¡nÂ) hnizkn¡pIbnÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 18: 35 þ 38). 4- éL#l|kijsRyuk; LisRy pofgksmuk; dH/rdX - DkG:rk;, |pJck; eAj)lsfê siykS/lsmuk; LiznrSulsmuk; ejRfjgjuk'fjsh dkE[y[, Tfjrk= sfxji[î (3 :‫ف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Im^ndpIÄ (kXys¯ ntj[n¡p¶hÀ) BIs« X§Ä¡v Xm¡oXv ÂIs¸«Xp {i²n¡msX XncnªpIfbp¶hcmIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 46: 3). 5- rjElD[ édemijCIlc;ê dlgnak= dkE[y[î (3 : ‫)ا‬ ""AhÀ (hgntISnemb þ Im]SyapÅ apkveo§Ä) BZyw hnizkn¡pIbpw ]n¶oSv Ahnizkn¡pIbpw sNbvXXnsâ ^eas{X AXv. A§s AhcpsS lrZb§fn³ta ap{Zsh¡s¸«ncn¡p¶p. AXnm AhÀ (AÃmlphntmSv ]ÝmXm]n¨v ÃhcmbnXocm¯hÀ) (Imcyw) {Kln¡pIbnÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 63: 3). g![î svyju dkE[Gî svyju dkE[y[ dlgnlH Qgk akc[hj; ãaj#[äH éTc[hlajHê rj'[ eoGÑaluj eky[ Seldk'j#. Tf[ dG+egalu dkE[yln[. ijCkÓ DkG:rjhk; fjgkck'jhk; dkE[G t'[ eyÉ dG+*xldk'k Ti. Lf[ ihju CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 168 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 169. dkE[yjsRy egjPjujSh)[ igliuln[. Kpl|gn;î L#l|kijsRy LrkYz|*sx rjS<Pj)k' dkE[y[. Lfjsr dkyj&ln[ L#l|k eyuk'f[î .(112 : ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlp Hcp cmPys¯ (a¡sb) D]abmbn FSp¯pImWn¡pIbmIp¶p. AXv kpc£nXhpw im´hpambncp¶p. AXnse Bhiy¯npÅ `£Ww FÃmbnS¯pn¶pw kar²ambn AhnsS F¯ns¡m−ncn¡pw. F¶n«v B cmPyw (AXnse P§Ä) AÃmlphnsâ Ap{Kl§sf (AÃmlphnv µnbpw þ k¡À½§fpw sN¿msX, aXnba¯n AXncv Ihnªv) ntj[n¨p.'' (JpÀB³ 16: 112). LfkSelsh. akc[hJ*xkaluj selgkfk'fk;, Lisg sdlh sv$k'fk; dkE[G :dk'k, Lfjrk= sfxji[ flsq igk' |pJc[ :dk'kî ’: ” .(64 : ‫ري: 84، ﻡ‬ ) “.‘ r~j eyÉkî Þakc[hjajsr vJ eyuH éCej)Hê L#l|kijSrlmk= Pj)lgik;ï akc[hjajsr djflH éselgkfj SYpl|j)H, sdlhêsv$H dkE[G éLijCIlc;êik; :dk'k.ß é~kDlgjî 48, akc[hj;î 64ê. ’: : ” ’: ‘ (65 : ‫ري: 121، ﻡ‬ ) “.‘ r~j eyÉkî Þtrj)[ SC<; rj*X egc[eg; dqkyk)k'G :ujsdl![ dkE[G éLijCIlc;êjSh)[ am*gkf[.ß é~kDlgjî 121, akc[hj;î 65ê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 169 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 170. LfkSelsh, L#l|k L#ligksm SegjH cfU; sv$k'fk; svyju dkE[G éLijCIlc;ê :dk'k, Lfjrk= sfxji[ flsq igk' |pJc[ :dk'kî ’: : ( ) ” “.‘ _n ]dªp, ""Bsc-¦nepw AÃm-lp-h-Ãm-¯-Xns (_namÀ, Huenbm¡Ä, Pmdw, ac§Ä, IÃpIÄ, k´m§Ä, amXm]nXm¡Ä, k¼¯v, IAv_ XpS§nbh t]msebpÅXp) sIm−v kXyw sNbvXm Ah³ (AhÄ) Ip^vÀ sNbvXp (kXy- n-tj[w sNbvXp) þ Asæn Ah³ inÀ¡v sNbvXp.'' (XnÀanZn: 1535, AlvaZv: 2/69þ87þ125, kzlolv AÂ_mn kzlolv A-ÂPm-an-Av: 6204). t'lH, éTO svyju dkE[y[ - LijCIlc; dlgnlH Qgk akc[hj; Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk'j#, Lfjrk= sfxji[ flsq igk' cod[f*xln[ê, éCjG)k;, ihju dkE[yka#lê iRele*X svu[figk; ijCIlcjdxlsn'[ L#l|k eyuk'kî .(178 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""kXyhnizmknItf, AÂþInkmkv (sImesN¿s¸Sp¶hcpsS Imcy¯n Xpeyin£ S¸m¡pI) F¶Xv n§Ä¡v nbaam¡s¸«ncn¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 178). sdlhulxj Tc[hlajH éijCIlcjdxjHê rj'[ eky[ Seldk'j#, YefjYdju rm/l)s/mk'f[ cS|lpgsRy akdxjhlsn'[ flsq ijCkÓ DkG:R egjvus/mkk'kî (178 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Cn Ah¶v (sImebmfn¡v) Xsâ ktlmZcsâ ]£¯v n¶v hà Cfhpw e`n¡pIbmsW¦n Ah³ acymZ ]men¡pIbpw, à nebn (jvS]cnlmcw) sImSp¯p ho«pIbpw sNt¿−XmIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 178). TO cod[fjH afjsh ésvyju dkE[y[ - svyju LijCIlc; :sn(jhk; Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 170 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 171. Seldlsfuk=ê clS|lpgUaln[ KS`Cj)k'f[, LfjH c;Cuaj#. LfkSelsh, L#l|k eyuk'kî (9 :‫ات‬ ‫)ا‬ ""kXyhnizmknIfn n¶pÅ c−p hn`mK§Ä ]ckv]cw t]mcSn¨m n§Ä AhÀ¡nSbn cRvPn¸p−m¡Ww.'' (JpÀB³ 49: 9). (10:‫ات‬ ‫)ا‬ ""kXyhnizmknIÄ (]ckv]cw) ktlmZc§Ä Xs¶bmIp¶p. AXnm n§fpsS c−p ktlmZc§Ä¡nSbn n§Ä cRvPn¸p−m¡pI.'' (JpÀB³ 49: 10). éãLH-LDJpÈ fI|lijuÈäujsh ijCpJdgn; Tijsm Liclrj)k'kê. ihju dkE[yk; svyju dkE[yk; f+jhk= iUfUlc;î 1- ihju dkE[G dlgn; Qgk akc[hj; ãaj#[äH éTc[hlajHê rj'[ eoGÑaluj eky[ Seldk'fk;, : dkE[G cH)G+*X rj<[Ehal)j dxuk'fkaln[. t'lH svyju dkE[G dlgn; ãaj#[äH éTc[hlajHê rj'[ ekykSeldkdSul, dG+*X rj<[Ehaluj SelikdSul T#. eSÊ, : svyju dkE[yjsRy Sflfrkcgj&[ ijCIlc; éTOalRê dkyukduk;, éeC[vlflej&jMj#(jHê L#l|kijsRy CjÊu[)[ ijSPualikduk; sv$k;. 2- ihju dkE[y[ sv$k'iR éL#l|kijSrlm[ eC[vlflej&jMjs#(jHê rgdjH ClCIfalujgj)k;, t'lH svyju CjG)[ sv$k'iR rgdjH YeSiCj&lhk; LfjH rjfUilcjulujgj)j#. QgkeSÊ, L#l|k eC[vlfle; cIJdgj)kdulsn(jH rgdjH YeSiCj)kdukaj#. 3- ihju dkE[G svu[fisRy gd[fik;, cÙk; éejquluj ejmjs&mk)H Tc[hlajd >gndomjr[ê LrkiprJualn[, t'lH svyju dkE[G svu[fisRy gd[fik;, cÙk; éTc[hlajd >gndomjr[ ejquluj ejmjs&mk)Hê LrkiprJua#. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 171 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 172. 4- ihju dkE[G svu[figk; Tc[hlajd ijCIlcjdX)k ajmujH CYfkf rjG^r[Paln[. Qgk ijCIlcj)[ ihju dkE[G svu[fisg c[Sr|j)kilSrl, gÊlPjdlgjul)kilSrl elmj#, LiG Lmk ~r[Pk)xlsn(jH Selhk;. t'lH svyju dkE[y[ svu[firlsn(jH rjgkelPjd; c[Sr|ik;, gÊldGf{fIik; fmus/mkduj#. Ligjhk= TOalrjsRy Sflfrkcgj&[ T<[ms/mkduk;, gÊlPjdlgjul)kduk; sv$l;, t'lH Ligjhk= fjØuksm Sflfrkcgj&[ LiSglm[ siyk)kduk;, CYfkf si)kduk; svS$!fkak![. * * * rjElD[ - érjElD[ - demijCIlc;î LFil Tc[hlak; rØuk; Yedmj/j)kduk;ï dkE[yk;, LijCIlcik;, fjØuk; ay&ksi)kduk; sv$kdê rjG%vr;î >l<legalu LGÒ;î érlEjD[ê t' YdjuujH rj'k; Kf[>ij&jMk=fln[ LH-rjElD[ - ‫ , ا ق‬Tf[ ‫، ُ ، ً، وﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ t'j*sr iUldgj)s/mk'k, Tf[ Kf[>ij&jMk=f[ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ éthjuksm alx;ê t' PlfkepjH rj'ldk'k. Lfluf[ alxjsRy Qgk iCjhosm thjsu ejmj)lR YCaj&lH Lf[ Sisy Q'jhosm gÊs/mk'fln[ éLFil, Qgk demijCIlcjuluiR - ijCIlcjdxksm Lmk[ Qgk ijCIlcjuluk;, LijCIlcjdxksm Lmk[ Qgk LijCIlcjuluk; ejmj)s/mlijP; demaluj thjsuS/lsh Qxj&[ dxj)k'iR :dk'k t'GÒ;àê. 21 . (98/5) ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ - 21 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 172 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 173. afegalu LGÒ;î Tc[hlak; rØuk; eky[ Yedmj/j)kduk;, LijCIlcik; fjØuk; ay&[ si)kduk; sv$k'fjrln[ afjH rjElD[ t'[ eyuk'f[. T*sr Seg[ iglR dlgn; akrlEjD[ édemijCIlcjê Qgk dilmjhosm évjh rØdX svu[f[ê Tc[hlajSh)[ YeSiCj)kduk;, ayk dilmjhosm éihju fjØdX svu[f[ê Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Selikduk; svu[fks)l!jgj)k'kà Lfksdl![ L#l|k rs+ KnGk'f[ YCÓj)kdî (67 : ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw apm^nJq³ (I]ShnizmknIÄ) Xs¶bmWv ^mknJq³ (AÃmlphnsâ nba§Ä ewLn¡p¶hÀ, [n¡mcnIÄ).'' (JpÀB³ 9: 67). Lfluf[ akrlEjDkdX édemijCIlcjdXê Tc[hlajd rjua; érJfj, rUlu;, cafI;, ijMkiJq[vê h;Zj)k'igln[, domlsf LiG dlEjykdsx)lX éLijCIlcjdsx)lX, Lakc[hJ;*sx)lXê pk<[d{fU; - fjØ rjyÉigkaln[, édemijCIlcjdxksm TO pk<[d{fUaln[ - fjØuln[ Shld; Tc[hlajrk;, akc[hJ*X)k; tfjgjH KuGj)lnj&[ egj|cj)k'f[àê. TO fjØsu dkyj&[ flsqigk' L#l|kijsRy ivr*X covj/j)k'kî (145 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw I]ShnizmknIÄ cI¯n (Im^ndpIsf¡mfpw) ASn¯«nemIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 145). (142 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw I]ShnizmknIÄ (CÉmw I]SambnApãn¨v) AÃmlpsh h©n¡m³ tm¡pIbmWv. bYmÀ°¯n AÃmlp AhscbmWv h©n¡p¶Xv.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 142). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 173 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 174. . (10-9 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphnsbpw Ahn hnizkn¨hscbpw (apkvenambn Sn¨v) h©n¡phmmWv AhÀ (I]ShnizmknIÄ) {ian¡p¶Xv. (hmkvXh¯nÂ) AhÀ (AhtcmSv Xs¶) Bßh© am{XamWv sN¿p¶Xv. AhcXv aÊnem¡p¶nÃ. AhcpsS aÊpIfn (kwib¯nsâbpw, Im]Sy¯nsâbpw) HcpXcw tcmKap−v. X¶nan¯w AÃmlp AhÀ¡v tcmKw hÀ²n¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. IÅw ]dªpsIm−ncp¶Xnsâ ^eambn thZtbdnb in£bmWv AhÀ¡p−mbncn¡pI.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 9þ10). rjElDjsRy Tr*X rjElD[ g![ Tr*X K![î Q'[î ijCIlcegalu rjElD[. g![î dG+egalu rjElD[. Tiuksm c;Êje[f ijign;î Q'[î ijCIlcegalu rjElD[î Tfjsr ihju rjElD[ t'k; eyuk'k, Tc[hl; Yedmal)kduk;, dkE[y[ SzleUal)kduk; sv$hldk'k Tf[. ihju rjElDksdl![ Tc[hlajH rj'[ ekykSeldk'fk;, egShld[ rgdjsRy LmjMjH YeSiCj/j)k'fkaln[. L#l|k TO ij>lz*sx SalCalu akqkiR ijSC<n*X sdl!k; ijSC<j/j&jgj)k'kî Tc[hl;af; LijCIcj)k'iG - dxil)k'iG, Tc[hl;afsuk; - Tc[hl;af; Lrk<[Aj)k' :xkdsxuk; egj|cj)k'iG, afjsRy CYfk)xksm >lz; Svgk'iG, Tc[hlajSrlm[ CYfkf si)kilR egc[eg; domjulShlvj)k'iG fkm*juisu#l; Ligksm éakrlEjDkdxksm-demijCIlcjdxksmê ijSC<n*xln[. Tgjhk= :xkdX t#l dlh*xjhk; K!lik;, YeSfUdj&[ Tc[hlajr[ Cd[fjuk!ldkSÙlX Lfjsr YefUÊjH fdG)lR clPj)lsf akc[hjalsn'[ L>jruj&[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 174 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 175. Tc[hlajrk=jH duyj)omj éa[SxvfdX Yedmj/j&[ê rCj/j)kilrk;, LfkSelsh akc[hj*Sxlsml/; rj'[ f*xksm cÙjrk;, gd[fjrk; c;gÊn; éeijYffê h>j)kilrk;, calPlrSlsm wJij)kilrk; LiG egjYCaj)kduk; sv$k'fln[. demijCIlcj L#l|kijhk;, LisRy ah)kdxjhk;, Yzr[F*xjhk;, YeilvdRalgjhk;, ijvlgnrlxjhksa#l; YefUÊjH ijCIcj)kduk;, :Ôgjdaluj éarÍjHê TO ijCIlcjH rjs'#l; ijMkrjH)kduk;, LijCIcj)kduk; sv$k'igln[. LiG L#l|kijH ijCIcj)kdSul, wr*X)[ L#l|kijsRy LrkafjSulsm cRalGz; dlnj)kilsrl YCaj)j#, LfkSelsh L#l|kijsRy égÊsu dkyj&[ cSÔl<ilG Lyjuj)kilrk;ê, CjÊsusflM[ fl)Jf[ sv$kilrkaluj rjSulzjfglu YeilvdRalSglm[ L#l|k c;clgj& ãi|[u[äuk; pjiUsixjelmkalu DkG:rjH LiG ijCIcj)kduj#. demijCIlcjdxksm akqkiR aySuuk; L#l|k alËkduk;, Ligksm g|cU*X ég|cU cI>li*Xê ijCkÓ DkG:R egcUal)kduk; svu[fjgj)k'kàà demijCIlcjdxjH rj'k;, Ligksm c|lujdxjH rj'k; ckgÊjfglilrln[ Ligksm ijSC<n*sx L#l|k rak)[ iUd[fal)j'jgj)k'f[à Shldk= ao'[ ij>lz; :xkdxksm ijSC<n*sx c;~r[Pj&[ coykH ~Dyuksm :pUjH fs' eyuk'k![, LiGî 1. ijCIlcjdX éCgjulu akc[hj;ê, 2. LijCIlcjdX édlEjGê, 3. demijCIlcjdX éakrlEjD[ê t'jigln[. ijCIlcjdsx dkyj&[ rlh[ cod[f*xk;, LijCIlcjdsx dkyj&[ g![ cod[f*xk; alYf; Ty)juS/lX, demijCIlcjdsx dkyj&[ efjao'[ cod[f*xln[ L#l|k Ty)jujgj)k'f[à Tf[ covj/j)k'f[ akrlEjDkdxksm édemijCIlcjdxksmê iGÓri[ dlgn; Tc[hlajr[ éakc[hJ*X)[ê LigjH rj'[ SrgjSm!j igk' ~kÓjakMkdxksmuk;, Yeulc*xksmuk;, KeYpi*xksmuk; dlAjrU; ixsg domkfhlujgj)k; t'k; éLfksdl![ Lisg fjgj&yjukilrk= ijSC<n*X arÍjhl)n;ê t'kaldk'kà Tc[hlajsrfjsg Ligjhosm igk' fjØdX Lc|Ualufln[à dlgn; LiG cIu; Yedmj/j)k'f[ B*X éakc[hJ*X :sn'k;ê, rj*xksm c|lujdxk;, zkndl;Êjdxk; :sn'kaln[, t'lH uFlGÒjH LiG akc[hJ*xksm CYfk)xln[à akqkiR CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 175 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 176. alGÏ*xjhosmuk; Tc[hlajr[ éakc[hJ*X)[ê tfjsguk= Ligksm CYfkfsu rm/jhl)kilR LiG YCaj&ksdl!jgk)k'kà vjh Lw[Bglu :xkdX ijvlgj)k'f[ Tf[ Tc[hl|[ érØ, af; r'l)Hê :sn'ln[, t'lH Lf[ ixsguPjd; LeluclÓUf K=fldk'kà éãdemijCIlcjdxksm ijSC<n;ä t' Tal; T~[rkH 22 D$jajsRy d{fjujH rj'k= KÓgnjujH rj'[ê. ijCIlcegalu rjElD[ édemijCIlc;ê :y[ fgaln[î23 1. ak|+p[ r~j su éLFil, DkG:R, |pJc[ê dxil)kd éfjgc[dgj)kdê. 2. ak|+p[ r~j sdl!ki' éDkG:R cod[f*X, |pJckdXê vjhf[ LijCIcj)kd éfjgc[dgj)kdê. 3. ak|+p[ r~j Sulm[ ér~jvgUSulm[ê siyk/[ éedê si)kd. 4. ak|+p[ r~j sdl!ki' vjh ijPjdX éDkG:rjshuk; |pJcjshuk; ijPjijh)kdXê siyk)kd éLiSulm[ ijSpI<; si)kdê. 5. ak|+p[ r~j sdl!ki' CgJLjr[ éafrjuajr[ê i# flq[vuk; igkdulsn(jH éLFil :sg(jhk; : CgJLjsr flq[j eyÉlHê LfjH cSÔl<j)kd. 6. ak|+p[ r~j uksm Tc[hl;afs c|luj)k'fjsr siyk)kd, t'jiulnf[. g![î dG+egalu rjElD[î |{pujH ijCIlc; éTOalRê K!lujgjs) dlemUjsRy érjElDjsRyê vjh dG+*X YeiGj)hldk'k Tf[. Tfksdl![ Tc[hlajH rj'[ ekykSeldkduj# t(jhk;, Tc[hlajH ekykSeldk'fjsRy alGÏjSh)[ tj)k' dG+*xldk'k Tf[. T*sruk=igjH dky&[ TOalrk; - ijCIlcik;, dky&[ rjElDk; - demijCIlcik; K!ldk;, 22 . ‫نﺹ تا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫- ﻡ رﺱ‬ 23 .9 : ‫ی ، ص‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫-ﻡ‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 176 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 177. rjElD[ LPjdgj)kdulsn(jH iUd[falu akrlEjD[ éTc[hlajHrj'[ ekykSelu demijCIlcjê fs' :uj alykduk; sv$k'fln[àà Lfjrk= sfxji[ YeilvdR eyuk'kî ’: ” ( 59 : ‫ري: 43، ﻡ‬ ) “.‘ Þrlh[ dlgU*X :gjsh(jhkak!lulH LiR iUd[falu akrlEjD[ édemijCIlcjê :n[, t'lH :gjsh(jhk; éTO rlh[ dlgU*xjH rj'[ê ]sf(jhksalgk dlgUak!lulH LiR : dlgU; simjuk'f[ isg dlemUjsRy L;C; LirjH K!lujgj)k;, Liî é1ê. ijCIcj&lH vfj)k;, é2ê. c;clgj&lH dxi[ eyuk;, é3ê. dglG svu[flH h;Zj)k;, é4ê. fG)j&lH ésfËjulHê pk<j&f[ eyuk; ésv$k;ê.ß é~kDlgjî 34, akc[hj;î 59ê. SaHeyus/M rlh[ dlgU*X :gjhlSnl Q'j)k'f[ LirjH dlemUjsRy t#l ijSC<n*xk;, pk<[d{fU*xk; Q'j)k'k. :gjsh(jhk; éTO rlh[ dlgU*xjH rj'[ê ]sf(jhksalgk dlgUak!lulH LirjH rjElDjsRy édlemUjsRyê Qgk cI>liak!ldk;. vjhS/lX QglxjH rØuksmuk;, ijCIlcjsRyuk; écp[zknak=ê cI>liik;ï fjØuksmuk; dkE[yjsRyuk;, rjElDjsRyuk; épk<[d{fU*xk=ê cI>liik; K!lujgj)k;, L*jsr :sn(jH LirjH cS+xj&jMk= : cI>lizkn*xksm Sflf[ Yedlg; tÔlSnl Lir[ LG|j)k'f[ Lfjrk= YefjEhik;, CjÊuk; Lir[ h>j)k'fln[. e=jujH rjG%|j)k' éLÖ[ Srgsê walL[ éc;Zmjfê rac[dlgjH es(mk)lsf Lhcf dlnj)k'f[ rjElDjH édlemUjHê seMfln[ é|pJcjH dlnl;ê, rjElD[ Qgk fjØuk;, ésf'j iJqk' :ek;ê, ixsg Ledm; rjyÉfkaln[. f*xjH rjElDjsRy édlemUjsRyê cI>li; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 177 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 178. igkSalsu'[ cI|l~jdX éYeilvdsRy LrkvgØlGê Selhk; >us/Mjgk'kà Qgk |pJcjH T*jsr dlnl;, ’: ” ‫ا ﺱ م ا‬ ‫وى‬ ‫ع ا‬ ‫)ﻡ‬ “.‘ .( ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع: 2، ص. 553، ا‬ ‫،ا‬ T~[rk L~o aksshdÈ eyÉkî ããtrj)[ ak/f[ cI|l~l)sx éYeilvdsRy LrkvgØlsgê dlnkilR clPj&jMk![, Lisg#l; fs' rjElDjsr édemijCIlcsê >us/Mjgk'k.ää ihju rjElDk;, svyju rjElDk; f+jhk= iUfUlc*Xî 1. ihju rjElD[ édemijCIlc;ê dlgn; Tc[hlajH éãaj#[äHê rj'[ ekykSeldk;ï t'lH svyju rjElD[ édemijCIlc;ê dlgn; Tc[hlajH rj'[ ekyk Seldk duj#. 2. ihju rjElD[ édemijCIlc;ê dlgn; K=jhk=fk; éarÍjhk=fk;ê, ekyk=fkalu éekyk dlnj)k' fkaluê ijCIlcjH egc[eg; iUfUlc; igk'fln[ï t'lH svyju rjElD[ édemijCIlc;ê g|cUjhk; egcUjhk; dG+*xjH éalYf;ê egc[eg; iUfUlc; igk'fln[, Lf[ ijCIlcjhk!lij#. 3. ihju rjElD[ édemijCIlc;ê ãakL[ajRäH éijCIlcjujHê rj'[ K!ldkduj#ï t'lH svyju rjElD[ QgkeSÊ éTOalR dkyukSÙlX alYf;ê ijCIlcjujH rj'k!l Su)l;. 4. ihju rjElDk=iG édemijCIlcjdXê LPjdik; eC[vlflej)kduj#, Trj LiG eC[vlflej&k t(jH Selhk; Lf[ éTc[hlajdêSdlmfjujsh rUlulPjefj cIJdgj)kilR elmkS!l t'fjH L>jYelu iUfUlc ak![ï t'lH svyju rjElDk=iR L#l|kijSrlm[ eC[vlflejS&)l;, LS/lX L#l|k : eC[vlfle; cIJdgj)kduk; svu[Sf)l;. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 178 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 179. ssCDkH Tc[hl; T~[rk fjaj$È éy|ja.ê eyÉkî ããijCIlcjdX)[ rjElDjsRy édemijCIlcjsRyê Qgkelm[ ClDdsx L>jakDJdgjS)!j iS')l;, LS/lqiG L#l|kijSrlm[ eC[vlflej)k'k, LfkSelsh dlemU; érjElD[ê c;>ij)k' Yei{jdX ijCIlcjdxksm |{pu; éL#l|kijsRy LrkYz|lHê fmÉ[ rjykk'k, L*sr L#l|k Lisg LfjH é: demijCIlcjHê rj'[ fmukduk; sv$k'k. ijCIlcjsu ejClvjsRy pkGaYÔnlhk;, |{pus dkmkcl)k' LijCIlcjsRy pk<[vjÔ sdl!k; egJÊj)s/mk'fln[. Lfjsr dkyj&[, Qgk |pJcjH T*jsr dlnl;î ããcI|l~l)X éYeilvdsRy LrkvgØlGê eyÉkï ãYeilvdsg, B*xjH vjhgksm arÍkdxjH vjhdlgU*X épk<[vjÔdXê Sfl'lyk![, Lf[ eyuk'fjSr)lX é: fjØSu)lXê B*X T<[ms/mk'f[ :dlCjH rj'[ iJqk'fln[àä LS/lX YeilvdR eyÉkî ãLf[ TOalR éijCIlc;ê Ks!'fjrk= iUd[falu sfxjiln[.ää éakc[hj;î 132, L|[ap[î ~l~[- ~lDj akc[rp[ LH-akd[cjgJR, L~opliop[î 5111ê. asËlgk |pJc[ yjS/lGMjH K=f[î ÞðcI|l~l)X éYeilvdsRy LrkvgØlGê eyÉkòï ãLfjsr c;~r[Pj&[ c;clgj)k'f[ fs' ihju elealuj fJgk'fln[,ä YeilvdR eyÉkî ãejClvjsRy fYÔ; ic[ilcjH épk<[vjÔujHê Qfk)ju L#l|kijr[ cG%c[fkfjàä.ää t'ln[. éL~opliop[î 5112, L|[ap[î ~l~[ - ~jplu akc[rp[ L~[pk L#l|[ ~[R LH-L^lc[ê. rjElDjsr tYf siyklhk;, |{pu;sdl![ Lfjsr tYf fmÉlhk; Cgj T*sruk= ic[ilckdX épk<[vjÔdXê K!ldk'fln[. Lf[ ijCIlcjsRy éTOalrjsRyê Lmulxaln[.ää AÃm-lp ]dbp¶p: ""]nim-Nn n¶v hà Zpjvt{]cWbpw (ZpjvNn´bpw) ns¶ Cf-¡n-hnt«-¡p¶ ]£w, o AÃm-lp-hn-tmSv icWw tXSpI ("A-DuZp _nÃmln ansÈbv¯mn dPow', AsænÂ: "Xh¡Â¯p Ae AÃmlv' F¶v ]d-bp-Ibpw sN¿pI). nÝbambpw (-FÃmw) tIÄ¡p¶hpw, Adnbp¶hpw BIp¶p Ah³ (AÃm-lp).'' (JpÀB³ 41: 36). ""hnizkn¡pIbpw, X§fpsS dºnsâ (AÃm-lp- hnsâ) ta Xh¡p (c£tXSn `ctaÂ]n¡pIbpw) sN¿p¶hcmtcm AhcpsS ta Ah¶v (]nimNnv) bmsXmcp CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 179 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 180. A[nImchpanÃ; XoÀ¨.'' (JpÀB³ 16: 99) . T~[rkfJaj$Èuksm KÓgnj Tijsm Liclrj)k'k.24 ihju akrlEjD[ édemijCIlcjêuksm cI>li; L#l|k eyuk'kî (18 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""_[nccpw DuaIfpw AÔ³amcpamIp¶p AhÀ. AXnm AhÀ (kXy¯nte¡v, Ckvemante¡v, XuloZnte¡v) Xncn¨phcnIbnÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 18) Lfluf[ :Ôgjdaluj éarÍksdl![ê Tc[hlajSh)[ fjgj&kigkduj#. demijCIlcjsu dkyj&[ iJ!k; eyuk'kî (126 : ‫)ا‬ ""AhÀ Hmtcm sImÃhpw Ht¶m, ct−m XhW (B]¯p Ifpw, tcmK§fpw, £mahpw sIm−v) ]co£n¡s¸«p sIm−ncn¡p¶p F¶v AhÀ ImWp¶ntÃ? F¶n«pw AhÀ tJZn¨paS§p¶nÃ. Nn´n¨p aÊnem¡p¶panÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 9: 126). ssCDkH Tc[hl; T~[rk fJaj$È eyÉkî ããYefUÊjH Ligksm éakrlEjDjsRy - demijCIlcjuksmê eC[vlfle; cIJd gj)s/mk'fjsr c;~r[Pj&[ en[}jfRalG)jmujH L>jYelu iUfUlcak![. dlgn; LiG tS/lqk; Tc[hl; Yedmal)k'k éijCIlcjuluj vauk'kê, Lfksdl![ uFlGÒjH Ligksm Lic[F éarÍks)l![ eC[vlflej&jMks!l? T#sul?ê 25 tÔlsn'[ iUd[faldkduj#.ää * * * 24 238:‫-- آ ب ا ی ن، ص‬ 25 .435-434/28 : ‫ا ﺱ ما‬ ‫وى‬ ‫عا‬ ‫-- ﻡ‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 180 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 181. éwl|jhj$È, Ejc[D[, xhlH, yj`Èê A. wl|jhj$È-ُ ِِ‫ ا َ ه‬î éL#l|kijsr dkyj&k;, LisRy YeilvdRalsg dkyj&k;, Tc[hlajdrjua*sx dkyj&kak= Lw[Bfê. B. Ejc[D[ -ُ ْ ِ ‫ا‬ î ðL#l|kijsRyuk;, LisRy YeilvdsRyuk; éijCkÓ DkG:rjshuk; |pJcjshuk;ê ijPijh)kdX h;Zj)H - Pj)gj)Hò. C. xhlH - ‫َل‬ ُ ‫ ا‬î éCgjulu afrjua*sx'[ dgkfj sfËjH fkmgk' pkGalGz;ê D. yj`È - ‫ا دة‬î éTc[hl; pkG^hs/mHê ُ Tiuksm rjG%vr*Xî A. wl|jhj$È - wl|jhj$[ - ُ ِِ َ ‫ ا‬éL#l|kijsr ‫ا ه‬î dkyj&k;, LisRy YeilvdRalsg dkyj&k;, Tc[hlajdrjua*sx dkyj&kak= Lw[Bfê. éwl|jhj$È - >l<legalu LGÒ;î Lw[Bfê wl|jhj$È - afegalu LGÒ;î Tc[hlajr[ akÙk= Ly~jdxksm wJijf :vlgjrln[ wl|jhj$[ t'[ eyuk'f[. L'[ L#l|kijsr dkyj&k;, LisRy YeilvdRalsg dkyj&k;, afrjua*sx dkyj&k; LiG Lw[Bfujhlujgk'k, SzlYf a|jauksm SegjH segka rmj)kduk;, L|(lg;, ScIVlPjefU; fkm*ju pkGzkn*xk; K=iglujgk'k LiG. (323/1 : ‫ا‬ ‫ .)ا ی‬w|[H éLw[Bfê t'[ eyukilR dlgn; Ligksm TO Lyjij#lu[auln[, CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 181 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 182. Ls#(jH éTc[hl;af rjua*Xê LyjÉf[ ejReËlf[ sdl!ln[. ssCDkH Tc[hl; T~[rk fJaj$È éy|ja.ê eyÉkî ããcfU; éTc[hl;af rjua*Xê LyjuliR wl|jH éLyjij#liRê fs' :dk'k, t'lH cfUjr[ tfjgl ujMk= LcfU; cfUalsn'[ ijCIcj)k'iR Ky& wl|jhln[ éihju Lw[BR, ij@[@jê :dk'kà, cfU; LyjÉjM[ cfUjsrfjgjH ilpj)k'fk;, cfU; Lyjulsf cfUj srfjgjH ilpj)k'fk; wl|jhj$[ éLw[Bfê fs'uln[. YeilvdR uksm rjSulzjr[ akÙ[ wr*X L's wl|jhj$È éLw[Bfê t'keyuk' wl|jhj$jhlujgk'k t'fln[. LiG L'[ éakR YeilvdØlgksm - ekglfrdlh[ê svu[fjgk' YeiGr*xk;, KÓgnjdxk; wl|jhj$È :ujgk'j#, ayj&[ LigjSh)[ Lf[ éiqjSdmjhluigjhosmê dm'[ igkduln[ K!luf[, Lyjij#liR Lf[ YeiGj)kduk; svu[fk. LfkSelsh L's YeilvdRalG sdl!ki'fjr[ ijegJfaluj wof-ssYdc[iG YeiGj)k'fk; wl|jhj$ln[, Lf[ selfkilu wl|jhj$ldk'k. YeilvdR uksm rjSulzjr[ éTc[hlajr[ê SC<; LijCIlcjdxksm gl<[Ymjhk=fkSelsh wl|jhj$[ Qgk SpC[ Ks!(jhk; vjhS/lX Lmk SpC[ Lf[ K!lujs)l=nsa'j#, LfkSelsh, Tc[hlajd gl<[Ymjhlsn(jH Selhk; QglxjH Tc[hlajr[ akÙk= wl|jhj$[ Selshuk= wl|jhj$[ Ks!(jhk; vjhS/lX asËlglxjH Lijsm Lf[ K!lujgj)nsa'j#. t'lH YeilvdR uksm rjSulzjr[ éTc[hlajr[ê SC<; Qgk dlhZMjr[ YeSfUdaluk;, saljhk; wl|jhj$È dlhZMsa'[ eyuj#, dlgn; YeilvdR uksm cakplujH LiclrrlXisg Qgk ij>lz; cfUjhlujgj)k; ét'[ YeilvdR eyÉjMk![ê. t(jhk; vjh akc[hj; glwU*xjH wl|jhj$[ dS!)l;, LfkSelsh akc[hj;dxjHseM Plglx; Segjhk; dS!)l;. Lf[ YeilvdR eyÉf[ Selshuln[ï ’: ” : CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 182 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 183. ’: ‘ : ‫)ﻡ‬ “.‘ .(934 L~oalhjd[ LH-LC[Lgj ijH rj'[, L#l|kijsRy ycoH eyÉjgj)k'kî ÞtsRy K+[ éakc[hj; cakplu;êdxjH wl|jhj$È dlgU*xjH rj'k; rlh[ dlgU*xk![, LfiG Qqjil)kduj#, Liî é1ê dkh édkmk;~ê a|jaujH L|(gj)H, é2ê éasËlglxksmê fyilmjsr flq[j/yuH, é3ê rÊYf*X dlgnaln[ aq iG<j&f[ t'[ ilpj)H, é4ê agns/MiG)[ Si!j ijhej&[ LM|cj)Hß t'jiuln[. t'jM[ ycoH eyÉkî Þagns/Migksm SegjH :GM|cj&iX é:GM|cj&iGê agj)k'fjr[ akÙluj fO~ svu[fjMjs# (jH LÔUrlxjH Kgk)ju mlyjsRy :ignik; CgJg; akqkiR svlyjuk' Qgk L(jukalujMlujgj)k; LiX éLiGê KujGsqkS'H)kdàß éakc[hj;î 934ê asËlgj)H éQglSxlm[ iq)jM dlgnjr[ê L~opGy[ ijSrlm[ r~j eyÉkî ãrj'jH wl|jhj$jsRy Qg;Cak![…ä é~kDlgjî 30, akc[hj;î 1661ê TfkSelhk=fjH KXs/mk'k.ää T~[rk ssfaj$Èuksm TO KÓgnj Tijsm Liclrj&k.26 TfjsRy c;Yz|;î wl|jhj$[ t'[ eyÉlH ãw|[Hä éLw[BfêujSh)[ SvG[ eyuk' vgUdxln[, Lf[ Lyjij#lu[aujH rj'[ K!ldk'k. Tf[ g![ Tr*xldk'k. 1- selfkilu wl|jhj$È[î Lf[ ak|+pkr~j uksm rjSulzjr[ akÙk= :vlgaln[, ak|+p[ uksm rjSulz Slsm Lf[ Liclrj)kduk; svu[fk. 26 . ‫ا آ ر ﺹ ا‬ ،227-225/1 : ‫اط ا‬ ‫ءا‬ ‫-- ا‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 183 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 184. 2- vjh iUd[fjdxjhk;, vjh gl<[Ym*xjhk;, vjh rlmkd xjhk; alYfaluk= wl|jhj$[î Tf[ TS/lqk; rjhrjH )k'k![. Tijsm rl; arÍjhlS)! Qgk dlgUak![î vjhulxk dX TO roËl![ wl|jhj$Èaln[, Ls#(jH Tgkefl; roËl![ wl|jhj$Èaln[ t'j*sr selfkiluj eyulyk![. Tf[ Cgju#, t'lH TO roËl!jsh vjh ij>lz; wl|jhj$jH éLw[BfujHê :n[, TO roËl!jsh LPjdalxkdxk; wl|jH éLw[BGê :n[ t'j*sruln[ uFlGÒjH eySu!f[. saljH wl|jhj$jhlsn'[ eyuH Cgju#, LrkiprJuika#. dlgn;, r~j uksm rjSulzSlsm selfkilu wl|jhj$[ Liclrj&jgj)k'k. * * * B. Ejc[D[ - ُ ْ ِ‫ا‬‫ا‬î ðL#l|kijsRyuk;, YeilvdR uksmuk; éijCkÓ DkG:rjshuk; |pJcjshuk;ê ijPijh)kdX h;Zj)H - Pj)gj)Hò >l<legalu LGÒ;î ãEjc[D[ä t'lH QgkdlgUjH rj'[ ijMkrjH)H, édx(s/mH, PlG+jdlPÈefr;ê t'ldk'k. afegalu LGÒ;î ãEjc[D[ä t'lH L#l|kijsr Lrkcgj)k'fjH rj'k; ]sf(jhk; ijPjH ijMkrjH)H t'ldk'k. L#l|kijSrlmk= LrkcgnjH rj'[ egjeoGnaluk; ijM[ rjH)hk; LfjH KXs/mk'fln[. vjhS/lX dlEjyjsruk; éLakc[hjajsr, Tc[hl; pkG~hs/Misrê ElcjD[ t'[ eyuk'fln[. LfkSelsh vjh Tc[hlajd rjua*X rjgcj)k'fjrk; Ejc[D[ t'[ eyuk'k. iRele*X sv$k' akc[hjajsruk; Tc[hlajH ElcjD[ t'[ eyuk'fln[. Ejc[D[ g![ Tr;î Tc[hlajH rj'[ fs' eky[ Seldk' Ejc[D[, Lf[ dkE[G éLijCIlc;ê :dk'k. LS/lX dlEjyjsr ElcjD[ t'[ ijxj)k;. T~[hJcjsr dkyj&[ éLiR L#l|kijsRy dH/r rjgcj&S/lXê L#l|k eyÉkî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 184 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 185. (50: ‫)ا‬ ""A§s Xsâ dºnsâ IÂ] Ah³ (C_veokv) [n¡cn¨p ("^nkvJv' sNbvXp).'' (JpÀB³ 18: 50) t'ldk'k. Tijsm T~[hJcjH rj'kak!lu Ejc[D[ Qgk dkE[G - LijCIlc; éTc[hlajHrj'[ ekykSeldk' fjØê :dk'k. iJ!k;, L#l|k eyuk'kî (20 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""F¶m "^nkvJv' sNbvXhÀ (dºntmSv [n¡mcw ImWn¨hÀ, A[À½ImcnIÄ) BcmsWm AhcpsS hmkkvYew cIamIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 32: 20). Tijsmuk; covj/j)k' Ejc[D[ Qgk dkE[G - LijCIlc; éTc[hlajHrj'[ ekykSeldk' fjØê :dk'k. Lfjsr dkyj&ldk'k flsq igk' cod[fik; rak)[ ijCpJdgj&[ fgk'f[î (20:‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""F¶m [n¡mcw ImWn¨hcmtcm (AYhm, A[À½ImcnIÄ, AÃmlphntmSv ApkcWt¡Sv ImWn¡p¶hÀ) AhcpsS hmkkvYew cIamIp¶p. AhÀ AXn (cI¯nÂ) n¶v ]pd¯v IS¡m³ Dt±in¡pt¼msgms¡ AXnte¡v Xs¶ AhÀ Xncn¨b¡s¸Sp¶XmWv. n§Ä ntj[n¨v XÅn¡fªncp¶ B cI¯nse in£ n§Ä BkzZn¨v sImÅpI F¶v AhtcmSv ]dbs¸SpIbpw sN¿pw.'' (JpÀB³ 32: 20). Tfkdomlsf, akc[hJ*xjhk= iRele*X sv$k'isguk; éijCkÓ DkG:Rê ElcjD[ t'[ eyÉjMk![. t'jgk'lhk; LisRy Ejc[D[ Tc[hlajH rj'[ Lisr ekyl)k'j#. L#l|k eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 185 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 186. .(4 : ‫ر‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Nmcn{XyhXnIfpsS ta (hy`nNmcw) Btcm]n¡pIbpw, F¶n«v mep km£nIsf sIm−p hcmXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶hsc n§Ä F¬]Xv ASn ASn¡pI. AhcpsS km£yw n§Ä Hcn¡epw kzoIcn¡pIbpw sN¿cpXv. AhÀ Xs¶bmIp¶p "^mknJv'IÄ (AÃmlphntmSv ApkcWt¡Sv ImWn¡p¶hÀ, Ifhv ]dbp¶hÀ, A[À½ImcnIÄ).'' (JpÀB³ 24: 4). (197 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Bsc¦nepw lÖv IÀ½¯n {]thin¨m ]n¶oSv kv{Xo þ ]pcpj kwkÀKtam, "^nkvJv'Isfm (AÃmlphntmSv ApkcWt¡msSm, ZpÀhr¯ntbm) hgt¡m lÖnnSbn ]mSpÅXÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 197). Tijsm (‫ق‬ ) ãEkcoDjäsRy ijCpJdgnaluj en[}jfRalG eyuk'f[ ãele;ä t'ldk'k.ß T~[rk 27 ssfaj$Èuksm TO KÓgnj Tijsm Liclrj&k. * * * C. xhlH - ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬î éCgjulu afrjua*sx'[ dgkfj sfËjH fkmgk' pkGalGz;ê >l<legalu LGÒ;î 27 .378 :‫، ص‬ ‫ا ﺱ ما‬ ‫-- آ ب ا ی ن‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 186 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 187. ãxhlHä t'fjsRy >l<lGÒ;î svl%lu - ixij#l éãakc[fDJ;ä :uê iqjujH rj'k; sfËj cÖgj)kd t'ldk'k. afegalu LGÒ;î afegaluj LGÒal)k'f[î ã|kpä - ã|jpluÈä écØlGz;ê t'fjsRy ijegJfep; :dk'k ãxhlHäï L#l|k eyuk'kî (15:‫)ا ﺱ اء‬ ""hÃhpw tÀamÀKw (lpZ) kzoIcn¡p¶ ]£w Xsâ kz´w KpW¯nmbn Xs¶bmWv Ah³ tÀamÀKw (lpZ) kzoIcn¡p¶Xv. hÃhpw hgn]ng¨v ("fÃ' þ "femÂ'enÂ) t]mIp¶ ]£w Xn¡v tZmj¯nmbn Xs¶bmWv Ah³ hgn]ng¨p ("femÂ'enÂ) t]mIp¶Xv.'' (JpÀB³ 17: 15). ‫ل‬ َُ ‫ - ا‬ãxhlHä t' ep; eh LGÒjH KeSulzj)k;î 1- ãdkE[Gär[ - LijCIlcjr[ éTc[hlajH rj'[ ekykSeldk' elejr[ê ãxhlHä t' ep; KeSulzj)k;. L#l|k eyuk'kî (136 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphnepw, Ahsâ ae¡pIfnepw, Ahsâ {KÙ§fnepw Ahsâ ZqX³amcnepw, A´yZn¯nepw hÃhpw Ahnizkn¡p¶ ("Ip^vÀ' B¡p¶) ]£w XoÀ¨bmbpw Ah³ _lpZqcw hgn]ng¨p ("femex' Bbn) t]mbncn¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 136). 2- vjhS/lX CjG)jrk; xhlhÈ éxhlHê t' ep; KeSulzj)k;. L#l|k eyuk'kî (116 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""BÀ AÃmlphntmSv Bcm[bn inÀ¡v þ ]¦v tNÀ¡p¶pthm Ah³ _lpZqcw hgn]ng¨p ("femex' Bbn) t]mbncn¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 116). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 187 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 188. 3- dkE[yjrk; éTc[hlajH rj'[ ekykSeldk' elejrk;ê flsquk= ejq& alGz*X)k; ãxhlHä t' ep; KeSulzj)k;î Tfjr[ ‫ ا ق ا‬éejq& alGz*Xê t'[ eyuk'fln[. 4- ejqijrk; vjhS/lX ãxhlHä t' ep; KeSulzj)k;î TfjH seMfln[ aocl uksm KÓgnjî (20:‫اء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""F¶m Rm³ ]nghv ("femex') ]änbhcpsS Iq«¯nembncp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 26: 20). 5- vjhS/lX ayij)k; ãxhlHä t' ep; KeSulzj)k;î L#l|k eyuk'kî (282 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Ahcn HcphÄ¡v "femex' (adhn, sXäv) ]änbm aähÄ Ahsf HmÀ½n¸n¡phm³ th−n.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 282). 6- elqluj Seldkd, dxÉ[Seldkd t'fjrk; ãxhlHä t' ep; KeSulzj)k;, Kpl|gn;î ‫ا‬ ‫ - ﺽ‬QMds dlnlfluj t'[ eyuk;. 28 * * * D. yj`È - ‫ا دة‬î éafegjfUlz;, Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mHê. Tiuksm Tr*xk;, ijPjdxk;î 28 .298-297 :‫، ص‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دات‬ ‫-- ا‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 188 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 189. >l<legalu LGÒ;î ãyj`Èä t'fjsRy >l<lGÒ;î ejS'l); am*H éafjHrj'[ ejS'l); SeldHê t'ldk'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (21 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n§Ä (bp²¯n n¶v, aX¯n n¶v) ]nt¶m¡w aS§cpXv. F¦n n§Ä jvS¡mcmbn amdpw.'' (JpÀB³ 5: 21). Lfluf[ rj*X éafjH rj'[ê ejS'l); am*gkf[ t'ln[ LfjsRy :Cu;. afegalu LGÒ;î ãyj`Èä - ُ ‫ ا د‬t'fjsRy afegalu LGÒ;î Qgk akc[hj; ‫ة‬ Tc[hlajH rj'[ ekykSeluj dlEjG éLijCIlcj, afegjfUlzjê :ujJgkd t'ln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (217 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n§fn n¶msc¦nepw Xsâ aX¯n n¶v ]n³amdn ("bÀ¯ZnZv þ "dn±x'bmbn), kXyntj[n Bbns¡m−v acWs¸Sp¶ ]£w, A¯c¡mcpsS IÀ½§Ä Cl¯nepw ]c¯nepw njv^eambn¯ocp¶XmWv. AhcmIp¶p cImhIminIÄ. AhcXn nXyhmknIÄ Bbncn¡pw.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 217). ãyj`Èä éafegjfUlz; - Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mHêsRy Tr*Xî flsq dkyj)k'i Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mk' dlgU*xjH éãyj`Èä - ãyj`[äHê KXs/mk'k, Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mk' dlgU*X ehfk![. Lisu éYePlraluk;ê LÖ[ Tr*xluj fjgj)lik'fln[. 1- il)kdxlH c;>ij)k' ãyj`Èä éTc[hl; pkG^hs/mHêî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 189 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 190. L#l|kijsrSul, LisRy r~jsuSul, LisRy ah)kdsxSul, Ls#(jH ]sf(jhk; Qgk r~jsuSul eËj pk<j&f[ é:PjSÊe;ê eyuH éãyj`Èä - Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mk' il)kdX :dk'kêï LfkSelsh, :sg(jhk; YeilvdfI; ilpj)kdSul, Ls#(jH L*jsr ilpj)k'igjH ijCIcj)kdSulï L#l|ki#lisg ijxj&kYelGÒj)kdSul, L#l|kijr[ alYf; dqjuk' dlgU*X)[ éL#l|kijr[ alYf; dqjuk' alGÏjhosmê L#l|ki#liSglm[ c|lu; éTc[fjzlc, Tc[fj:rê SfmkdSul, L#l|kijr[ alYf; dqjuk' dlgU*X)[ L#l|ki#ligjH L>u; éTc[fj:pê SfmkdSul fkm*jui… ãyj`Èä - Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mkk' il)kdX :dk'k. 2- dG+*xlH c;>ij)k' ãyj`Èä éTc[hl; pkG^hs/mHêî ag*XS)l, ijYz|*XS)l, d#kdXS)l, D~ykdXS)l, éD~yjhk= r~jalGs)l, QOhjul)Xs)l asËlê ckwop[ sv$kdï LiG)[ éLFil, L#l|ki#liG)[ê Si!j ~hjuyk)kdï LfkSelsh pk<j& c[Fh*xjH éLiznj)kilR Si!jê ijCkÓ DkG:R KSeÊj)kdï algn; - cj|[G sv$kdSul ésv$j/j)kdsulê, Lf[ eAj)kdSul, eAj/j)kdSul sv$kdï L#l|ki#ligksm rjua; LrkiprJualsn'[ ijCIcj&[ Lfksdl![ ijPj rm/jhl)kd… fkm*jui TfjsRy znjH édG+*xlH c;>ij)k' ãyj`Èä - Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mhjHê KXs/mk'k. 3- ijCIlc*xlH c;>ij)k' ãyj`Èä éTc[hl; pkG^hs/mHêî L#l|kijsRy dosm é:glPrdX LG/j)kilR r~jalG, QOhjul)X, wly*X, ~j;~*X fkm*juê e(kdlG - CgJ)[ - aËlglPUG Ks!'[ éiUlw;ê ijCIcj)kdï iU>jvlg;, apU;, ehjC… fkm*ju ele*X |hlH éLrkiprJu;ê :sn'[ ijCIcj)kd. L#l|k Lrkipj& >Ên*X |yl; érj<jÓ;ê :sn'[ ijCIcj)kd. rac[dlg; éSrlÙ[, c)l[… Selshuk= rjG^r[Plrk<[Alr*Xê trj)[ rjG^r[Paj# t'[ ijCIcj)kd… fkm*jui ijCIlc*xjH c;>ij)k' ãyj`Èä - Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mhjH KXs/mk'k. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 190 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 191. 4- c;Cuaoh; c;>ij)k' ãyj`Èä - Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mHî akdxjH Yec[flij)s/M dlgU*xjH ]fjsh(jhk; éQ'jHê c;Cuak!likd éLf[ Cgju# t'kdgkfkdêï CjG)[ éc{<[mj/[, c;gÊn; fkm*ju L#l|kijSRyf[ alYfalu Cd[fjujH e(kdlgks!'[ ijCIcj)hk;, ~j;~*X - wly*X, r~jalG, QOhjul)X fkm*juiG)[ :glPruksm Tr*X LG/j)hk; aËk;ê |yl; - rj<jÓ; :dk'k t' dlgUjH c;Cuj)kdï Lfk Selsh iU>jvlg;, apU;… fkm*jui ele*X |yl; - rj<jÓ; :dk'k t'fjH c;Cuj)kdï L#l|k Lrkipj& >Ên;, éijil|~r[P; fkm*juiê LrkiprJualn[ t'fjH c;Cuj)kdï r~j ukSmSul aËki# YeilvdRalgkSmSul gjclhjH éL#l|k rHdju cSÕCjHê c;Cuj)kdï YeilvdRalgksm cfUcr[PfujShl, Tc[hl;afjShl c;Cuj)kdï Tc[hl; TO é:Pkrjdê dlhjr[ Sulwj&fln[ t' dlgUjH c;Cuj)kd. Tisu#l; c;Cuaoh; c;>ij)k' ãyj`Èä - Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mhjH KXs/mk'k. 5- KSeÊj)k'fjhosm c;>ij)k' ãyj`Èä éTc[hl; pkG^hs/mHêî arÈeoG%; édgkfj)oMjê rac[dlg; KSeÊj)H éãyj`Èä - Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mhjH KXs/mk'kê r~j eyÉkî ’: ” (82 : ‫)ﻡ‬ “.‘ ÞQglX rac[dlg; KSeÊj)H fsRyuk; CjG)jsRyuk; dkE[yjsRyuk; éTc[hlajH rj'[ ekykSeldk' elejsRyuk;ê Tmujhldk'k.ß éakc[hj;î 82ê. ð|pJc[, r~j eyÉkî ” : “.‘ ’: : ‫ا ﻡ ا‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ،2621 :‫ا ﻡ ي‬ ‫: 364، ﺱ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫: 9701، ﺱ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫)ﺱ‬ (4143 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 191 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 192. ããB*xk; Ligk; édlEjyk;ê f+jhk= éL#l|kijSrlmk=ê KmÙmjéujhk= iUfUlc;ê rac[dlgaln[, :sg(jhk; Lf[ érac[dlg;ê KSeÊj&lH - LiRéLiXê dlEjG éTc[hlajH rj'[ ekykSeluiRê :ujää éT~[rkalwÈî 1079, rclTî 463, fjGajpjî 2621, cI|J|[ wlajL[ LH-LH~lrjî 4143êò. Tc[hl; pkG^hs/MiSglmk= éãakG`[äSrlmk=ê ijPjdXî 1- Tc[hl; pkG^hs/MiSglm[ eC[vlflej&[ Tc[hlajSh)[ am*kilR :iCUs/mn;. ao'[ pjicjrk=jH LiR éLiXê eC[vlflej&[ Tc[hlajSh)[ fs' am*kdulsn(jH LigjH rj'[ : eC[vlfle; cIJdgj)kduk;, éTc[hlajd >gndom;ê Lisr CjÊj)lsf ijmkduk; sv$n;. 2- Tc[hl; pkG^hs/MiG eC[vlflej)kilR ijc+fj)kdulsn(jH Lir[ éTc[hlajd >gndom;ê iPCjÊ rjG^r[Paluk; rHdn;. éTc[hlajd >gnak= c[Fh*xjH : >gnlPjdlgjdxksm ~lPUfuln[ Tf[, Tc[hlajd >gnaj#l c[Fh[ Tf[ elmj#, LfkSelsh Tc[hlajd >gnak= c[Fh*xjH fs' QlSgl iUd[fjdxka# Tf[ rm/jhlS)!f[, ayj&[ Tc[hlajd >gn dGl)xksm KgilpjfIaln[ Tf[ t'[ YeSfUd; arÍjhl)kd. ijiîê. r~j eyÉkî :‫ري‬ ‫)روا ا‬ “.‘ ’: ” : ‫ا‬ ‫ا ﻡ ي: 8541، ﺱ‬ ‫: 5352، ﺱ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ داود: 1534، ﺹ‬ ‫7103، ﺱ‬ .( ‫- ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ،4059 Þ:sg(jhk; fsRy af; alËjayj&lH Lisr iPjS)!fldk'k.ß é~kDlgjî 3017, L~opliop[î 4351, T~[rkalwÈî 2535, fjGajpjî 1458, rclTî 4059, LH~lrj cI|J|[ :)juf[ê. ’: : ” (6009 : ‫ا ﻡ ا‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ) “.‘ Þ:sg(jhk; fsRy afjH rj'[ ãyj`Èä :ulH éTc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ SelulHê Lisr iPjS)!fldk'k.ß éc|J|[ wlajL[ LH~lrjî 6009ê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 192 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 193. 3- Tc[hl; pkG^hs/MiSglm[ eC[vlflej)kilR :iCUs/mkduk;, eC[vlflej)k'fkisg fsRy cÙ[ KeSulzj)k'fjH rj'[ éTc[hlajd >gndom;ê Lulsx fmus/Sm!fkaln[ï LiR eC[vlflej&[ iJ!k; akc[hjalulH Lir[ fs' : cÙ[ fjgj&[ rHdk;. LiR eC[vlflej&jMjs#(jH : cÙ[ ãssEL[ä éTc[hlajd ukÓlrÔg akfHê Ql|gjijPj rm/jhl)k' cauSl, Ls#(jH yj`ÈjH éTc[hl; pkG^hs/M Lic[FujHê fs' LiR Ky&[ rj'[ agj)k' cÕGjShl éTc[hlajd >gndom;ê akc[hj;dxksm selfkDwrlijSh)[ : cÙ[ tmk)k'fln[. Ls#(jH, afegjfUlz; rmju éTc[hl; pkG^hs/M :ê cÕG>jH fs' akc[hj;dxksm selfk rØ)kSi!j éTc[hlajd >gndomjr[ê : cÙ[ KeSulzj)l; t'k; vjh en[}jfRalG L>jYelus/MjMk![. 4- Tc[hl; pkG^hs/Migk; Lulxksm dkmk;~jrk; TmujH egc[eg; cI[ LrÔgidlC; tmk)H fmus/mk;. LigjH rj'[ dkmk;~)lSgl, dkmk;~jH rj'[ LiSgl LrÔgsamk)kduj#. éTc[hl; pkG^hs/Migkaluj Ligksm akc[hj; TndX)[ ijil|~r[Pik; rj<jÓaldk;ê. érac[dlg; KSeÊj&ksdls!l Ls#(jH aSËsf(jhk; goejH afegjfUlz; svu[fisRyuk; ijPj Tfkfs' :dk'kê. 5- Tc[hl; pkG^hs/M Lic[FujH éafegjfUlzjulujê fs' agj)kdSul éukÓjshl asËlê sdl#s/mkdSul svu[flH Lisr dkxj/j)kdSul, LisRySaH rac[dgj)kdSul - Lisr akc[hj;dxksm D~Gc[FlrjH ayalms/mkdSul sv$lR elmj#à Lisr dlEjykdxksm éLijCIlcjdxksmê C[aClrjhln[ ayalSm!f[à Ls#(jH akc[hj;dxksm D~Gc[Flra#l ]sf(jhk; c[Fh[ ayalmkdSul sv$kd. * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 193 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 194. A²ymbw: 4 ( ) LDJpÈ LH-fO|Jp[ - Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrujsh ijCIlc; EhCorUal)kduk;, dlEjyldkduk; sv$k' il)kdxk; dG+*xk; >lz; 1 ejÉln;-Srl)H, ssdSgD-Srl)H, éeÊjClc[Yf;-Srl)H, Salfjg;-Srl)Hê… fkm*juiujhosm Lp{CU; é>lijEhik;, pjiIfIik; aËk;ê Lyjul; t' ilp; éL*sruk= akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kê. >lz; 2 cj|[G éalgn;ê, d|lrÈ éSwUlfj<;ê, TylEÈ é>lij Yeivr;ê, éwlfdEh;ê… éLfksv$k' akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kê >lz; 3 aD[~ydX, wly*X, ér~jalG, QOhjul)X, ~j;~*X, SuCk, ã~G)k=ä d#[ - ag;ê fkm*jui)[… SrG&dX, CeF*X, dlnj)dX… é:glPruksm ]sf(jhk; Qgk Tr;ê LG/j)H éLfksv$k' akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kê >lz; 4 YefjadX, c[algdeJA*X, éwJijdxksm vjYf*Xê… fkm*jui éc[Flej)k' CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 194 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 195. akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kê >lz; 5 Tc[hl;afs egj|cj)hk;, LfjsRy a|fIs Lrlpgj)hk; ésv$k'f[ akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehal)k'kê >lz; 6 L#l|kijsRy rjua;sdl!#lsf ijPj rm/jhl)H ésv$k'igksm Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kàê >lz; 7 rjuarjGalnlPjdlgik;, |hlH éLrkiprJu;ê, |yl; érj<jÓ;ê K!l)kilrk= LPjdlgik; éL#l|ki#liG)[ rHdk' akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kê >lz; 8 rjgJCIgilp Yec[Flr*X, wl|jhj$lÈ c;ZmrdX fkm*juiujH e(kSvgk'fjsRy ijPj éTf[ akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehal)k'kê >lz; 9 >Ofjd ckDS>lz; alYf; hÊU;si&k= wJijfcjÓlÔ; éTc[hlajd ijCIlcs rjS<Pj)k'kàê >lz; 10 Kyk)[, st)#[, ]hc[, éCjG)k=ê aYÔ;… ét'ji akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlcs rj<[Ehal)k'kê… >lz; 11 L#l|ki#lisgs)l![ cfU; sv$H, L#l|ki#liSglm[ fiÍkH éTmSM;ê sv$H, L#l|ki#liSglm[ Tc[fj:r éc|lu-YelGÒrê sv$H, L#l|ki#liSglm[ Tc[fjzlFÈ éc;gÊn-YelGÒrê sv$H… fkm*jui ésv$k' akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehal)k'kàê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 195 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 196. ejÉln;-Srl)H, ssdSgD-Srl)H, éeÊjClc[Yf;-Srl)H, Salfjg;-Srl)Hê… fkm*juiujhosm Lp{CU; é>lijEhik;, pjiIfIik; aËk;ê Lyjul; t' ilp; éL*sruk= akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kê. ssz~[ - ‫ ا‬t'fksdl![ LGÒal)k'f[î ark<UrjH rj'k; éwj'jHrj'k;ê ayÉ[ rjH)k' >lij->of dlgU* xldk'k. ssz~[ éLyjukd t'f[ê L#l|kijsRy alYf; YeSfUd dqjijH seMfln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (65 : ‫)ا‬ ""(_ntb,) ]dbpI; BImi§fnepw `qanbnepw DÅhcmcpw ssK_v (AZriyImcyw) AdnbpIbnÃ; AÃmlphÃmsX.'' (JpÀB³ 27: 65). Lp{CUdlgU*X Lyjuk'iG :gkaj#, L#l|k alYf; L#lsf. t'lH L#l|kijsRy T<[mplcRalglu YeilvdRalG)[ L#l|k T<[ms/mk' vjh dlgU*X alYf; sixjil)j sdlmk)k'fln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî . (27-26 : ‫)ا‬ ""ssK_v (AZriyImcyw) Adnbp¶h³ (AÃmlp am{Xw) BIp¶p. F¶m Ah³ Xsâ ssK_v (AZriyPvRmw) CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 196 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 197. bmsXmcmÄ¡pw shfns¸Sp¯n sImSp¡pIbnÃ, Ah³ (AÃmlp) Xr]vXns¸« hà ZqX¶paÃmsX.'' (JpÀB³ 72: 26, 27). Lfluf[ L#l|k LisRy T<[mplcRalgjHs/M YeilvdRalG)[ L#l|k KS`Cj)kSÙlX Lyjuj&[ sdlmk)k' vjh Lp{CU dlgU*X YeilvdRalG Lyjuksa'#lsfï aËlG)k; ssz~[ éLp{CUdlgU;ê Lyjuj#, L#l|k LiG)[ L*jsruk= dlgU*X Lyjuj&[ sdlmk)k'f[ Ligksm akL[wjc[ éYeilvdfI sfxji[êsRy >lzaldk'k. T*sruk= évjh Lp{CUêdlgU*X ark<Ugjsh YeilvdRalG)k;, ah)kdxjsh pofØlG)k; L#l|k rHdk'fln[. TO g![ ij>lz*X)k; éL#l|k Lyjuj&ksdlmk)k' vjhf[ê L#lsf, éwj'jsrl, ssClsrl, f*ØlGs)l, ~Jijs)l, SwUlÎUsrl…ê aËlG)k; Qgk Lp{CUdlgU*xk; Lyjuj#. YeilvdRalG Qqj&[ aËki#igk; ]sf(jhk; Lp{CUdlgU*X Lyjuksa'[ ilpj)kdulsn(jH -- Lf[ ssdSgDdX ilujS&l, ejÉlnjH Srl)jSul, SwlHcUenj svu[Sfl, algn; svu[Sfl, Swlfj<; akSDrSul, aËk i#fk; akSDrSul :sn(jhk; Cgj -- LiR éQgk akc[hj; Si<Plgj :sn(jhk;, uFlGÒjH LiRê dxik eyuk'irk;, d=rk;, dlEjyk;, éflzofk;ê :dk'kàà t'lH vjh SwUlHcURalgk;, iUlwpjiURalgk;, segk; d=Ralgk; eyuk' vjh Lp{CU*xk;, dxÉkSelu ic[fk T' c[Fhks!' ilGuk;, vjh Sglz*xksm dlgn*xk; aËk; - T' iUd[fj T'uj' dlgU*X svu[fjMk![ Lf[ dlgnaln[ Sglz; i'f[ t'sf#l; fs' wj'kdsxuk;, ejClvk)sxuk; KeSulzj&ksdl![ eyuk' édxiluê dlgU*xln[. wr*Sxlm[ LiG)[ T' dlgU*X c;>ij)ksa'[ eyuk'f[ wj'k-ejClvk)sx KeSulzs/mkj eyuk' dxik; iÖruk; pkGaYÔik; :dk'kà ét'lH, dxÉkSelu ic[fk T' c[Fhks!' ilGuk; aËk; : dxi[ d![ clÊjulujMk= ark<Usrl, wjs'l aËlGs)(jhk; Lyjuj&ksdlmk)k'f[ Qgk ssz~[ - Lp{CU w[Blr; L#, dlgn; ark<UrjHrj'k; wj'jHrj'k; ayÉ[ rjH)k' >lij- >of dlgU*xlns#l ssC~[ - Lp{CU w[Blr;àà iji.ê. ssCDkH Tc[hl; T~[rk fJaj$È éy|ja.ê eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 197 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 198. ããQgk iUlwpjiUr[ éSwUlHcU)lgR, iUlwQOhju, algn)lG, fHcalkdlG, f*ØlG fkm*juiG)[ê ejClvjH rj'k= Qgk DgJR édoMkdlgRê K!lik;, : DgJR édoMkdlgRê dM[ SdX)k' dlgU*xjH rj'[ vjhsf#l; Lir[ Lyjuj&[ sdlmk)k'k, L*jsr LiG LfjH éroy[ê dxik; éQgkê cfUik; doMj)hGkduk; sv$k'k. T~[rk fJaj$È fkmG'k eyuk'kî Lg; iUlwpjiURalG éiUlwaluj LidlCs/mk;ê ssCu[lR LiG)[ Ligksm Lmkj#l eq*xk; eh|lg*xk; tj&ksdlmk)ksa'[à aËkvjhG éiUlwaluj LidlCs/mk'kê ssCu[lsRy doMkdlG Lisguk; sdl![ a)ujSh)k; swykSchajSh)k; aËk; ey'kSeldlyks!'[àää. ét'lH, Tf[ siyk; dNsdM[-TYÕwlh;- cj|[G alYfaln[ê.29 vjhS/lX LiG Swlfj<; KeSulzj&[ vjh dlgU*X Yeivj)lyk![, Lf[ YeeÖjsRy Lic[FdX dn)l)j >oajujH c;>ij)k' dlgU*Xî T' cau[ dlËmj)k;, T' pjic; aqiG<j)k;, dlhlic[F alyk; t'J dlgU*sx#l; fs' rÊYf*xksm cÖlgik;, Liuksm Qgkaj)hk;, SiGsemhksa#l; dn)[ doMjuln[ eyuk'f[ t'[ LiG ilpj)lyk![à LiG eyuk'kî rjsRy rÊYf; T'flsn(jH éLFil, wrr; T' rÊYfak= T' pjicjH :sn(jHê rjr)[ T'uj' dlgU*sx#l; c;>ij)k;à T' rÊYfjH érÊYfak= T' pjicjHê :sg(jhk; ulYf svu[flH Lir[ T' dlgU; c;>ij)k;à :sg(jhk; T' rÊYfjH érÊYfak= T' pjicjHê wrj&lH Lir[ T' stCIgUik;, >lzUik;, Ls#(jH, rjG>lzUik; Spl<ik; c;>ij)k; ts'ls) eyulyk![à :Pkrjd alcjddxjhk;, éalPUa*xjhk;ê, sdM[dFdxjhk; aËk; éilgEh;, glCjEh;, SwUlfj<; fkm*ju SegkdxjHê Tf[ Yevgj/j&[ 30 sdl!jgj)k'k. vjh Lw[Bglu pkG^h ijCIlcak= 29 .798 : ‫ا‬ ‫-- ﻡ‬ 30 - ao'[ fg; SwUlfjClc[Yf; (Astrology) K![. 1. THak fRwJ;. 2. THak fL[cJG églCjvYd; - Zodiacê. 3. THak fc[TOG érÊYfvhr*sx dkyj&k= eAr; - Knowledge of Stellar Movementê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 198 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 199. akc[hJ*X T*sr éLp{CU dlgU*X Lyjuksa'[ iUlwilp;ê eyuk'igksm LmkS)[ Seldkduk;, Ligksm >lij wJijfs c;~r[Pj&k; - ijil|s c;~r[Pj&k; LiG)[ tÔln[ c;>ij)kdsu'[ Svlpj)lyk![à L*jsr 1- THak fRwJ;î TO ijCIlcjHî rÊYf*X cIÔ; fs' >oajujH c;>ij)k' vjh dlgU*X sv$k'k t'k;, : rÊYfjsRy KS`CUEhalujMln[ >oajujH dlgU*X c;>ij)k'f[ t'k; éiUlwalujê ijCIcj)k'kà Tf[ rÊYfjr[ pjiUfI; ésspijdfê dH/j)hln[. Lfksdl![ Tf[ dkE[G éTc[hlajHrj'[ ekykSeldk' LijCIlc;êik; CjG)k; :dk'k. TO CjG)[ :ujgk'k TY~l|j; r~j sRy wrfuksm Tmujhk!lujgk' CjG)[ érÊYf :glPrê. 2- THak fL[cJG églCjvYd; - Zodiacêî TfjH, rÊYf*X Q'j)k'fk; ijMkalyk'fk;, Kpj)k'fk;, Lc[faj)k'fk; akSDr >oajujH ehfk; c;>ij)k'ksi'[ éiUlwalujê ijCIcj)k'kà Tf[ sv$k' :sx akrw[wj; é:f[aJu SwUlfj<R, Psychic Astrologerê t'[ eyuk'k. Tf[ >lijEh; eyuk'fjsRy Qgjraln[. ssCu[lR LigjSh)[ igjduk; LiG :iCUs/mk' dlgU*X éiUlwalujê sixjs/mkjs)lmk[ t*jsr Lf[ c;>ij)ksa'k; éiUlwalujê eyÉksdlmk)k'k. Tg; SwUlfj<; éfRwJ;ê Tc[hlajH rj<jÓik; iRele*xjH seMfkaln[. domlsf Tf[ L#l|kijhk= dkE[G éLijCIlcik;ê :dk'k. éLFil, TO ijCIlc; L#l|kijsRy THajH - Lp{CUdlgU*X Lyjuk' dqjijH e(kdlsg SvG)k' ijCIlcik;, CjG)k;, dkE[yk; - LijCIlcik; :dk'kê. 3- THak fc[TOG érÊYfvhr*sx dkyj&k= eAr; - Knowledge of Stellar Movementêî TfjH QglX rÊYf*xksm vhr*sx dkyj&[ arÍjhl)k'fk akSDr Dj~[huksm érac[dlgjsRyêpj)k; - cauik;, ijxi[ Ty)lrk= LrkSulwUdlhik; arÍjhl)k'k. vjh en[}jfRalG Tf[ Lrkipj&jMk![. dlgn; Tf[ rÊYf*xksm vhrjsrl[ éakÙ[ dmHulYf)lgk; aËk; iqjrjGÑuj& Selshê LrkSulwUalu cau; rjGÑuj)H alYfalnsYf, Tf[ aËk= Q'jsruk; éQgk pjiUfIjsruk;ê dkyj)k'j#. Lfksdl![ Tfjsrdkyj&[ c;clgj)k'fksdl!k;, Lyjuk'fksdl!k; dkq/aj#. éTf[ >oajClc[Yf ij<ualuj eAj/j)k' cogU-vYÕ Yz|n ij<u*xjH KXs/mk'k.ê. éssCD[ L~[pk LH-LcJc[ T~jR ak|+p[ :hkssCD[, Cy|[ djfl~k LH-fO|Jp[ - zlukHakgJp[, plykÍhl; T;z[xJ<[, Sew[ 189-190ê. éiji.ê CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 199 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 200. Lp{CUdlgU*X Lyjuksa'[ :sg(jhk; ilpj)kdulsn(jH, L*jsr ilpj)k'isg :sg(jhk; cfUs/mkkdulsn(jH éL;zJdgj)kdulsn(jHê LiR Qgk akC[gj)[ é~j;~lglPdRêK;, dlEjG éTc[hlajH rj'[ ekykSeluiRêK; :dk'kà dlgn; L#l|kijsRy alYf; LPjdlgjHs/M Lp{CUdlgU*X Lyjukdsu' dqjijH aËk=iG)k; CjG)[ - e([ Ks!'[ éiUlwalujê ijCIcj)kduln[ L*jsruk=iG sv$k'f[àà rÊYf*X L#l|kijsRy c{<[mjuk;, L#l|kijsRy dJqjhkaln[, Lfjr[ dlgU*X fJgkalrj)kilrk= ulsflgk dqjikaj#àà Lf[ pOG>lzUSSul, cO>lzUSSul, agnSSul, wJijfSSul covj/j)kduj#. Tsf#l; fs' dM[SdX)k' ejClvk)xksm éiUlwê YeiGr*X alYf; :dk'k. * * * cj|[G éalgn;ê, d|lrÈ éSwUlfj<;ê, TylEÈ é>lij Yeivr;ê, éwlfdEh;ê… éLfksv$k' akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kê. TO éakdxjH covj/j&ê YeiGr*sx#l; fs' ejClvjH rj'k= YeiGr*xldk'kà Lfksdl!kfs' Li rj<jÓikaldk'k, Lfksv$k' akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; EhCorUikal)k'k. dlgn; TO ijCIlcsa#l; CjG)[ éL#l|kijsRy alYfalu YeleÖjd c;gÊn - rjuYÔn Cd[fjujH ark<U-wj'k ejClvk)sx e(k SvG)k' ijCIlc;ê :dk'k. domlsf éejClvk)X)[ :glPruksm Tr*xlu ijxj&kYelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj-Lyi[ LG/j&[ê CjG)[ sv$k'fjhosmukaln[ Ti éTO iUlwilG sCu[lrjH rj'k;ê h>j)k'f[àà CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 200 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 201. rjG%vr;î 31 1- cj|[G éalgn;êî 31 - tNmZyw: "knlvÀ' (am-c-Ww, B-`n-Nm-cw, XzÂkam¯v…) apÉo§fn nehneps−m? CXnsâ CkvemanIhn[n F´v? D¯cw: apÉo§fnse (hgntISnembhcnÂ) CXv [mcmfambn nehnep−v! F¶mÂ, "knlvÀ' þ amcWw sN¿p¶Xpw, sN¿n¸n¡p¶Xpw, AXv kXys¸Sp¯p¶Xpw (kzoIcn¡p¶Xpw) apkveo§Ä¡v ldmw þ njn²w BIp¶p; ImcWw "knlvÀ' þ B`nNmcw Hcp henb inÀ¡pw, Ip^vdpw (CÉmw ZpÀ_-e-am-Ip¶ Imcyhpw) BIp¶p! "knlvÀ' þ amcWw apkveo§fnepÅ apkveym¡·mÀ þ X§·mÀ þ (Pmd]cn]meI·mÀ)… XpS§nb hgntISnembhÀ (CÉmw ZpÀ_-e¸«hÀ! ]Ww k¼mZn¡mpÅ Hcp D]m[nbm¡n amän) AXns "AkvamCsâ ]Wn', "XzÂkam¯v' F¶n§sbpÅ Ad_nt¸cpIfn (Nnet¸mÄ BfpIsf hnizkn¸n¡phm³ Nne JpÀB³ kqà§Ä FgpXn ImWn¨p) sNbvXpsImSp¡p¶p!! Cu knlvÀþamcWw AhÀ "tcmKwþknlvÀ NnInÂkn¡m³, tcmKw amäphm³ (i{Xphnv tcmKw D−m¡phm³), `mKyw kn²n¡phm³ (i{Xphnv `mKyw ãs¸Sp¯phm³), Ayp B]¯p tcnSphm³ (c£n¡phm³), X½n ]nW¡ap−m¡phm³ (kvtlap−m¡phm³), k´mku`mKyap−m¡m³ (a¨nbm¡m³)…' A§ns ]eXnpth−nbpw sN¿p¶p! ap«dp¡Â, Ddp¡v, a{´w, sF¡Ãv, Gekv, XInSv, tlmaw, P]w, tPmÕyw F¶n§s ]e t]cnepw þ "]eXpw' (ssi¯m³ ]qPIÄ) S¯n AhÀ P§sf NqjWw sNbvXp ]Wap−m¡p¶p! "AkvamCsâ ]Wn¡mÀ', "XzÂkam¯pImÀ', "IW¡ptm¡p¶hÀ', ]nªmWwþtamXncw tm¡p¶hÀ F¶n§sbpÅ t]cpIfn Adnbs¸Sp¶ apkveym¡·mcpw X§·mcpw CXn DÄs¸Sp¶hÀ Xs¶! ("hnip² JpÀB³ hnhcWw apl½Zv Aamn', hmeyw 4, t]. 3637 tm¡pI). AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: ""F¶m AÃmlphnsâ ApaXn IqSmsX AXpsIm−v (B knlvdpsIm−v) bmsXmcmÄ¡pw Hcp t{Zmlhpw sN¿m³ AhÀ¡v IgnbnÃ! AhÀ¡v Xs¶ D]{Zhap−m¡p¶Xpw, Hcp CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 201 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 202. SzleUalufk;, LfjsRy dlgn; rjzo@ikalu Qgk dlgUjrln[ cj|[G t'[ eyuk'f[. Tfjr[ cj|[G t'[ Seg[ eyukilR dlgn;, dÑksdl![ dlnlR clPj)l SzleUalu dlgU*Xsdl![ c;>ij)k'fjrlhln[. Lf[ pkGaYÔik;, sdMkdxjH KOfhk;, vjh il)kdX Kgkijmhk;, agk'k;, ekdujmhksa#l; Lm*jufln[. cj|[G Qgk ulFlGÒUaln[, AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: (102 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""F¶m AÃmlphnsâ ApaXn IqSmsX AXpsIm−v (B knlvdpsIm−v) bmsXmcmÄ¡pw Hcp t{Zmlhpw sN¿m³ AhÀ¡v IgnbnÃ! AhÀ¡v Xs¶ D]{Zhap−m¡p¶Xpw, Hcp {]tbmPhpw sN¿m¯Xpamb ImcyamWv AhÀ ]Tn¨p sIm−ncp¶Xv. AXv (B knlvÀ-þamcWw) BÀ hm§ntbm (D]tbmKn¨pshm) AhÀ¡v ]ctemI¯v (cIaÃmsX) bmsXmcp hnlnXhpap−mhnsöv AhÀ {Kln¨pIgnªn«p−v!'' (JpÀ-B³ 2: 102) . TiujH vjhf[ |{pu*xjhk;, vjhf[ ~l|UCgJg*xjhk; cIlPJr; svhkk'fk;, Sglz; igkk'fk;, >lgU- >Gl)X)jmujH >j'j/k!l)k'fk;… :dk'k. Lf[ ejClvjsRy YeiG*xldk'k. CjG)jhosmuk;, vJ :f[alijsr éejClvjsrê f{e[fjs/mkk' dlgU*X sv$k'fjhosmuka#lsf éLPjdik;ê algnjSh)[ tjS&gkduj#, L*jsr LfjShs)kilR CjG)[ {]tbmPhpw sN¿m¯Xpamb ImcyamWv AhÀ ]Tn¨p sIm−ncp¶Xv. AXv (B knlvÀ) BÀ hm§ntbm (D]tbmKn¨pshm) AhÀ¡v ]ctemI¯v (cIaÃmsX) bmsXmcp hnlnXhpap−mhnsöv AhÀ {Kln¨pIgnªn«p−v!'' (JpÀ-B³ 2: 102). CsXÃmw hgntISnemb apkvenwIfnepÅ Hcp inÀ¡pw Ip^vdpamWv! AXnpÅ sXfn-hp-IÄ, JpÀ-B³, AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: ""F¦nepw ap-jyÀ¡v "knlvdv' (am-c-Ww, B-`n-Nm-cw) ]Tn-¸n-¨p-sIm−v ]nim-Np-¡-fs{X Im^nÀ BbXv (Ahn-iz- kn-¨Xv).'' (JpÀ-B³ 2: 102). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 202 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 203. sv$k'k. Tfksdl!ln[ Tc[hlajd rjuaplfli[ algns CjG)jSrlm[ SvG[ ijPj&jgj)k'f[. lZokv, _n ]dªp: ’: : : ” 33 “.‘ (32 : ) ""XoÀ¨bmbpw "AÂþdpJm' (dpJvbmx, inÀ¡p Åþnjn² amb a{´§fpw), "AÂþXambna' (Xaoa, GekpIfpw, Ddp¡pIfpw), "AÂþXnhex' (AYhm knlvvÀþamcWhpw) inÀ¡m Ip¶p (_nw_ þ Pmd Bcm[, ssi¯ms Bcm[n¡Â, ssi¯mn icWw {]m]n¡emIp¶p).''34 ""AÂþXnhex' F¶m knlvvÀ (inÀ¡v) BIp¶p;' "`mcyþ`ÀXrkvtlw Iq«phm³ th−n sN¿p¶ Hcp knlvvÀ.'' (klolv AÂ_mn knÂkne klol: 331þ1/584, C_vplnºm³ InXm_v Xznºv tm¡pI). ssiJv kpsseam³ _n³ A_vZp AÃmlv ]dªp: ""ssi¯ms Bcm[n¡epw, IhmIn_vþ]qPbpw (AYhm, {]tXyI £{X]qPbpw, tPmXnjhpw), inÀ¡pw sN¿msX Hcn¡epw ssi¯mnÂn¶v knlvdnsâ {]hÀ¯w e`n¡pIbnÃ! AXpsIm−mWv (JpÀBnÂ) AÃmlp ]dªXv: "CXv Ip^vÀ (Ckveman n¶v ]pd¯pt]mIp¶ Imcyw) AIp¶p' F¶v! JpÀB³ ]dbp¶p: "R§fptSXv Hcp ]co£Ww am{XamIp¶p; AXnm (CXv þ Cu knlvÀ ]Tn¨v þ D]tbmKn¨v n§Ä) ssZhntj[¯n (Ip^vdnÂ) GÀs¸ScpXv.' (JpÀB³ ُِ ‫و و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻡ ا‬ ‫زو‬ ‫أة إ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا او، ﻡ ی‬ ‫ا ءو‬ : - 32 ‘ ‫ا‬ ‫’ا‬ . ‫ر‬ ّ ‫ﺥ ف ﻡ ّر ا‬ ْ َ‫وی‬ ‫وی‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ده أن ذ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ﻡ ا‬ ‫ن‘ - ا ب ’آ ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫’ﺹ‬ ، ‫ا‬ ‘ ‫ا وﺱ‬ ‫’ا‬ ‫: 1/ 485 و‬ ‫ا‬ ‘. ‫وا‬ ‫ﺹ ‘ - ’ا ب ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫أ‬ ‫’ﻡ‬ ،‘ ‫ا‬ 33 : ‫ن: 2141، ا آ‬ ،3883 :‫- أ :1/183، أ داود‬ ‫: 0353، ا‬ ‫ا‬ 584/1 331 : ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ووا ا ه ، و‬ ‫4/814 و‬ 6880 : ‫ا ﻡ ا‬ ‫ﺹ‬ 34 - AlvaZv: 1/381, A_qZmhqZv: 3883, C_vpamPx: 3530, C_vp lnºm³: 1412, lmInw: 4/418, knÂkneXpÊlolþAÂ_mn: 331þ1/584, klolv AÂþPmanAv AÂ_mn: 6880. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 203 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 204. 2: 102). ho−pw JpÀB³ ]dbp¶p: "kpsseam³ _n ssZhntj[w ImWn¨n«nà (Im^ndmbn«nÃ!). F¶m P§Ä¡v amcWw (knlvÀ, am{´nIhnZy) ]Tn¸n¨p sImSp¯p sIm−v ]nimNp¡fmWv Im^ndmbXv (ssZh ntj[¯n GÀs]«Xv).' (JpÀB³ 2: 102); AXpt]mse, dko³ hn n¶v aÀ^qAv Bb (nthZw _n bnte¡v tNÀ¯p]dbp¶) Hcp lZokn _n ]dªp: "kmlnÀ (knlvÀ sN¿p¶h³, amcW¡mc³þapkvenw t]cpÅ HcphmsW¦nepw) Im^ndmIp¶p!' ho−pw A_qBenb ]dªp: "knlvÀþamcWw Ip^vdn (Ckveman n¶v ]pd¯pt]mIp¶ Imcy¯nÂ) s]«XmWv,' AXpt]mse C_vp Aºmkv hn n¶v nthZw: "(CXv þ Cu knlvÀ D]tbmKn¨v n§Ä) ssZhntj[¯n (Ip^vdnÂ) GÀs¸ScpXv.' (JpÀB³ 2: 102). ·þXn·bmb Imcy§Ä shtÆsd Xncn¨dnbp¶p, AYhm Cuam³ (·)bpw, Ip^vÀ (Xn·)bpw; CXn n¶v knlvÀ Ip^vdn s]«XmsW¶v hyIvXamIp¶p. C_vp PpssdPv apIfnse JpÀB³ kqàs¯Ipdn¨p ]dªp: "knlvdpsIm−v Ip^vÀ (inÀ¡v) AÃm¯sXm¶pw In«p¶nÃ'.''35 ssiJv kmenlv_n³ A_vZp AÂþAkokv, CÉmanI aXImcy hIp¸v a{´n, kuZnAtd_y, ]dbp¶p: ""knlvÀ (am-c-Ww) inÀ¡nÂs]«XmIp¶p, AXv CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[bnepÅ ASnkvYm hnizmks¯ XIÀ¡p¶p! ssi¯mssIm−v apjyn ({]iv§Ä) _m[n¸n¡emWv knlvdnsâ bmYmÀ°yw. ssi¯mpambn HcSp¸w (inÀ¡pw Ip^vdpw ssi¯m³ CjvSs¸Sp¶ aäpImcy§fpw sNbvXv) D−m¡msX knlvÀ (am-c-Ww) D−m¡phm³ km[yaÃ.''36 . lZokv, _n ho−pw ]dªp: 35 - ssiJv kpsseam³ _n³ A_vZp AÃmlv, ssXkodp AÂþAkokv AÂþlaoZv, idlv InXm_v XuloZv t]. 259 t¡pI. 36 - ssiJv kmenlv C_vp A_vZpAÂþAkokv, CÉmanI aXImcy hIp¸v a{´n, kuZn Atd_y, "Kmb¯p apcoZv,' idlv InXm_v XuloZv, Zmdpkemw, CwKvfojv, t]. 163, Zmdpkemw {]kn²oIcWw tm¡pI. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 204 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 205. : ’: ” ’: ‘ ’ :‫داود‬ ‫: 98، أ‬ ‫ِي: 6672، ﻡ‬ ‫ري‬ ) “.‘ .(144 : ‫ا ﻡ ا‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ،249/8 : ،257/6 : ‫4782، ا‬ ""Ggv miImcnIsf (c−ptemI¯pw in£bpÅ h³]m-]- §sf) n§Ä hÀÖn-¡p-hn³! Ah: (1) AÃm-lp-hnpÅ Bcm[bn aäpÅhsc ]¦p- (inÀ¡v) tNÀ¡p-I, (2) knlvÀ (B`nNmcwþam-c-Ww) sN¿p-I, (3) AÃmlp ]hn{Xam¡nb Pohs sIm¶qIfbÂ, (4) ]eni (sImSp¡Â, hm§Â, km£ywhln¡Â) Xn¶Â, (5) bXoansâ apX (k¼¯v) `£n¡Â, (6) CÉmanI bp²¯nÂn¶pw ]n´ncntªmSÂ, (7) kXyhnizmknIfmb ]mXn{hXyapÅ þ Amiymkw sN¿m¯ kv{Xosb ]än A]hmZw ]dbÂ, F¶n-h-bs{X AXv.'' (_p-Jmcn: 2766, apÉnw: 89, A_q-Zm-hqZv: 2874, kmC: 6/257, ss_lJn: 8/249, klolv AÂþPmanAv AÂ_mn: 144). cj|[yjH g![ goejhk= CjG)kdX KXs/mk'k. cj|[yjsh Q'las CjG)jsRy algnjr[ goe;î ssCu[flR éejClv[êsruln[ KeSulzj)k'f[, éejClvjsr ijxj&kYelGÒj&k;, ejClvjr[ ~hj-Lykk; - SrG&svu[fk; aËk;ê ejClvkaluj ~r[P; K!l)kduk;, Lisr f{e[fjs/mkj LirjSh)[ Lmk)kduk; sv$k'k, éT*sr :glPrujhk= CjG)[ c;>ij)k'kàê. Lfjhosmuln[ algnjr[ Si! c|lu; ssCu[flR éLfjsRy :xkdX)[ê svu[fksdlmk)k'f[, : algn; ssCu[flsRy LPUleraln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (102 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""F¦nepw ap-jyÀ¡v "knlvdv' (am-c-Ww, B-`n-Nm-cw) ]Tn-¸n-¨p- sIm−v ]nim-Np-¡-fs{X Im^nÀ BbXv (Ahn-iz-kn-¨Xv).'' (JpÀB³ 2: 102). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 205 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 206. cj|[yjsh g!las CjG)jsRy ark<U-wj'k goe;î ejClvk)X)[ ssz~[ éLp{CU;ê Lyjuksa' ilp; sdl![ L#l|kijhk= ijCIlcjH CjG)[ - e([ SvG)hk; cj|[yjH KXs/mk'k éLFil, ark<U-wj'k ejClvk)X)k; aËk; Lp{CU; - ssz~[ Lyjul; t'[ ilpj&[ - Lf[ ijCIcj&[ YeeÖjsh Lp{CUw[Blr; Lyjukd t' L#l|kijr[ alYfak= dqjijH CjG)[ - e([ SvG)k' ijCIlcaldk'k cj|[Gê. Tf[ dkE[G éTc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk' ele;êik;, xhlh[ épkGalGz;êK; :dk'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (102 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AXv (B knlvdvþam-c-Ww) BÀ hm§ntbm (D]tbmKn¨pthm) AhÀ¡v ]ctemI¯v (cIaÃmsX) bmsXmcphnlnXhpw D−mhnsöv AhÀ {Kln¨pIgnªn«p−v.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 102). cj|[y[ éalgn;ê ilc[fijH Qgk CjG)k;, Tc[hl; pkG^hs/mkk' dkE[yk; :u YeiGjuldk'k t'fjH c;Cuaj#. Lfksdl!kfs' cI|l~jdxjsh vjhG é|pJc[ Yedlg;ê ijPj&f[ Selsh algn; sv$k'isr iPjS)!fln[. lZokv: : ... ’: ” ‫ا‬ ‫داود: 3403- و‬ ‫:1/091- 191، وأ‬ ‫)أ‬ “.‘ .( ‫ﺹ‬ ""FÃm "kmlnÀ'Isfbpw (amcW¡mscbpw), "kmlndm¯v'Isfbpw (amcW¡mcnIsfbpw) (AYhm, ssK_vþadªImcyw Adnbpsa¶v ]dbp¶ apkvenw ma[mcnsbm þ Im^nsdm Bb "AkvamCsâþ]Wn¡msc', "XzÂkam¯pImsc' amcW¡msc) sImÃphm³ I¸n¨psIm−v DaÀ (J¯m_v , KhÀWÀ¡v) Is¯gpXpIbp−mbn, A§ns mw aq¶v "khmlnÀ'Isf (amcW¡msc) sIm¶p.'' (AlvaZv: 1/190þ191, A_q-Zm- hqZv: 3043  AÂ_mn klolv B¡nbXv) ho−pw lZokv: CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 206 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 207. - ‫)ﻡ‬ “.‘ ’: ” .(136/8 :ً ‫ﻡ ﺹ‬ ‫ً: 2/773 ر 2761، وا‬ ""l^vkzm hn n¶pw nthZw, "AhÀ¡v knlvdp sNbvXncp¶ AhcpsS Hcp Zmknsb h[n¡phm³ AhÀ (`cWIÀ¯mhntmSv) I¸n¨p, A§ns AhÄ (knlvdp sNbvXncp¶hÄ) h[n¡s¸«p'.'' (aphXzþamen¡v: 1672, ss_lJn: 8/136). t'lH éT'[ vjh Lw[Bglu akc[hj;ê wr*X algnjsRyuk;, algn; sv$k'igksmuk; dlgUjH LYCÓ dlnj)kduk;, vjhS/lX Lf[ éalwjd[, wlhijpU t' SegjHê Qgk dhuksm doMjH tÑkduk;, LfjH segka rmj)kduk;, alYÔjdØlG)[ SYelHcl|rik;, c+lr*xk; rHdkduk; sv$lyk![à Lfjr[ Si!j egjelmjdxk;, aHcg*xk; c;Zmj/j)kduk;, L*jsruk= egjelmjdxjH :ujg)n)jrlxkdX éakc[hJ*Xê es(mk)kduk;, évjh akc[hj; alPUa*Xisg Lf[ ijSrlp ilGul)j SYelHcl|j/j&[ê Lrkdohj)lykak![àà écoÊj)kdàê Tsf#l; fs' afjsh Lw[Bfuk;, ijCIlc fjgc[dgnik; :dk'kà 2- d|lrÈ éSwUlfj<;ê, TylEÈ é>lij Yeivr;ê, éwlfdEh;ê…î Tiuk; Lp{CUw[Blr; Lyjuksa'[ LidlCs/mhk;, ayÉdlgU*X éiUlwalujêeyuhk; :dk'k. >oajujH tÔln[ >lijujH c;>ij)kd - tÔln[ dgc[Faldkd, r<[ms/M ic[fk dlns/mk' c[Fh;… fkm*ju dlgU*sx#l; fs' :dlCkrj'[ dM[SdMjgk' ejClvk)sx KeSulzj&[ sdl![ rmk' éiUlwêYeiG*xln[. L#l|k eyuk'kî . . (223-221 :‫اء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""(_ntb, ]dbpI AÃsbm P§sf!) "BcpsS taemWv ]nimNp¡Ä Cd§p¶sX¶v Rm³ n§Ä¡v Adnbn¨p Xcs«tbm? s]cpwpWb³amcpw ]m]nIfpamb FÃmhcpsS taepw AhÀ (]nimNp¡Ä) Cd§p¶p. AhÀ (s]cpwpWb³amcpw ]m]nIfpambhÀ, ]nimNp¡Ä ]dbp¶Xv) CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 207 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 208. sNhnsImSp¯v tIÄ¡p¶p. Ahcn A[nIt]cpw IÅw ]dbp¶hcmIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 26: 221 þ 223). éDkG:R Ty*k'fjr[ akÙ[ê ah)kdxjH rj'[ ssCu[flR c;clg; dM[SdX)kduk;, t'jM[ SwUlHcUsRy éfHcalkdlgsRyê svijujH TM[ sdlmk)kduk;, SwUlHcUR LfjH roy[ dxi[ doMj/yukduk; sv$k'k. L*jsr ah)kdxjH rj'[ dM[SdM cfUalu : Qgk ep; dlgnlH algn)lG doMj/yuk' aËk éroy[ dxiluê dlgU*X domj wr*X ijCIcj)k'kà é~kDlgjî 4701 Srl)kdê. Lp{CUdlgU*X L#l|kijr[ alYfSa Lyjukduk=o. SwUlHcU; akSDrSul, aËki# goejShl Lp{CUdlgU; Lyjuksa'[ ilpj)kdSul, ilpj)k'isg cfUs/mkkdSul éLf[ cIJdgj)kdsulê sv$k'iG L#l|kijr[ alYf; LidlCs/M éLp{CUdlgU; Lyjuk'ê dqjijH aËk=isg domj CjG)[ - e([ SvG[ ijCIcj&jgj)kduln[à d|lrÈ éSwUlfj<;êik;, TylEÈ é>lij Yeivr;êik; CjG)[ :dk'k, dlgn; Lf[ ejClvjr[ T<[mak= dlgU*X svu[f[sdl![ LirjSh)[ Lmk)hln[, L*jsr L#l|kijsRy LyjijH éLp{CUdlgU; Lyjuk' dqjijHê aËk=isg CjG)[ - e([ SvG)k' ijCIlcjhosm fO|Jp[ LH-yk~o~j$Èujsh ijCIlcjhk= CjG)k;, Lfkdomlsf :glPruksm ]sf(jhk; Tr*X ejClvjr[ LG/j&[ ejClvjSh)[ Lmk)hjhosm fO|Jp[ LH-Kho|j$ÈujH CjG)[ - e([ SvG)k' ijCIlcik; :dk'k. lZokv: Cwdmp_vp lpssk³ hn n¶pw dnt¸mÀ«v _n ho−pw ]dªp: ’: ” ’” “ 37 38 “.‘ 37 ‫ا‬ ‫: 5 /021 وﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫:81/261ر : 553، ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫-ا ا‬ 5435 : ‫ا ﻡ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 208 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 209. ""Xznbd þ iIpw (]£nimkv{Xw, GekpIÄ, Ddp¡pIÄ, Znhy þ `mKy ¼dpIÄ, Znhy IÃpIÄ XpS§nbh) tm¡p¶hpw, Xznbd þ iIpw tm¡n¸n¡p¶hpw; Ilmx þ `mhn^ew (adªImcyw ]dbÂ, tPymXnjw, £{X ^ew, hmc^ew, PmXIw tm¡Â, cmin tm¡Â, ssI tm«w, Êv, cmlpImew XpS§nbh) tm¡p¶hpw, Ilmx þ `mhn^ew tm¡n¸n¡p¶hpw; "knlvÀ'þamcWw (ZpÀa{´hmZw, "pjvd' þ amcWw sIm−v ]nimNns Hgnhm¡Â þ NnInÂk, a{´ sI«p−m¡n AXn DuXÂ…) sN¿p¶hpw, knlvÀþamcWw sN¿n¸n¡p¶hpw; Ahcmcpw ½n (apkvenwIfnÂ) 39 s]«hcÃ!'' ""Bsc¦nepw Hcp (apkvensam Im^nsdm Bb) tPymXnjs (AYhm, ssK_v þ adªImcyw þ AZr-iy-Úm-w Adnbpsa¶v ]dbp¶ apkvenw ]ptcmlnX³amsc þ apkveym¡³amsc þ X§·msc…) kao]n¡pIbpw AbmÄ ]dbp¶Xns kXys¸Sp¯pIbpw (kzoIcn¡pIbpw) sNbvXm AbmÄ apl½Zv _n ¡v AhXcn¸n¡s¸«Xn (CkvemanÂ, JpÀBnÂ) Ahnizkn¨p þ AYhm Im^ndmbn!''40 TfjsrfjgjH éakc[hj;êwr*sx S~lPiH)gjS)!f[ LfUliCUaln[î éakc[hJ*xjshêalgn)lgk;, SwUlHcURalgk;, dn)[SrlM)lgk;, t#l; wr*xksm ijCIlcs d~xj/j)kduln[ sv$k'f[, vjhS/lX T*sruk=iG vjdjHcuksm Seg[ eyÉ[ dm'ki'[ sdl![ SglzjSulm[ L#l|ki#liG)[ Si!j Lyk)kilR :iCUs/mk'k, : LykS)! a{zjSrl, SdlqjS)l LiG vjh ijSC<n*X rjGS`Cj)kduk; sv$k'k. Lfk Selsh CjG)[ KXs)l=k' aYÔ*X tqkfj ejClvk)Sxlm[ Cgn; Sfmk' ic[fk)X 38 .5939 : ‫ا ﻡ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫-ﺹ‬ 39 - Xz_vdmn- AÂI_oÀ: 18/162 þ. 355, "^XlpÂaPnZv' ZmdpÊemw t]. 225 þ C_vp ap^venlv lk³ þ sImÅmhp¶Xv B¡nb lZokv, AÂ_mn klolv AÂPmanAv: 5435. 40 - lZokv, AÂ_mn klolv AÂPmanAv: 5939. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 209 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 210. éfdjm[, ]hc[, st)#[ fkm*juiê Sglzjuksm dqkjShl, seMjdxjShl, iJmkdxjShl sdMjfo)kduk; sv$lyk![à dxÉ[Selu ic[fk)X T' c[Fhks!'[ eyÉk sdlmk)k' Lp{CU; Lyjuksa'[ iUlwilp; rmk'iglujMln[ vjhulxkdX YefUÊs/mk'f[à vjh Lyjij#l wr*X Ligksm dxi[ akfH tijsmulsn'[ ds!kilR :iCUs/mk'k, éTg; :xkdXê f*xksm ejClvk)xlu doMkdlsg KeSulzj&[ Lf[ éejClv[ d!jMk= dxi[ akfH alYf;ê ekysmk[ sdlmk)kduk;, Ls#(jH Lf[ T' c[Fhks!'[ Lyjuj&[ sdlmk)kduk; sv$k'k. aËkvjhG QOhjul)xksm Si<jH YefUÊs/mkduk;, fJujH YeSiCj&jM[ éejClvjsRy aYÔwlh; Yedmj/j&[ - dNsdMk!l)jê Q'k; c;>ij)lsf ckgÊjfaluj fjgj&kigk'k, :ukP;sdl![ cICgJgjH akyjSiHej)kd, il|r*xksm muyjr[ dJqjH rj'[ LH>kfdgaluj gÊs/mkd… Selshuk= vjh LclPlgn c;>i*xk;, L>Ulc*xk; aËk; éTiGê Yedmj/j)kduk; sv$lyk![. TfjsRysu#l; Lmjc[Flr; cj|[yk;, ejClvjsRy YeiGr*xk; éejClvjsRy aYÔwlhik; - dNsdMk;ê :dk'k. wr*X)jmujH Ejf[ruk!l)kilrluj Ligksm é: algn)lgksmê ssddxjhosmuln[ Lf[ c;>ij)k'sf'[ alYf;. LfkSelshuk= aËkvjh dlgU*xk; éaYÔwlhik; - dNsdMk;ê t#l;fs' wr*X)[ Sfl'k' algn écj|[Gê YeiGr*X alYfaln[, Lfjr[ ulFlGÒUak!lij#. EjGQOrjsRy sdlMlgjsh algn)lG duyk;, imjdxk; elÙl)j dlnj&[ sdlmkfkSelsh dlnjdX)[ ak'jH Yedmj/j)k' algnijpUdX alYfalujgj)kaf[, ðLFil, : fJujHrj'k; gÊs/mhk;, CgJgjH akyjSiH/j&[ Q'k; c;>ij)lsf gÊs/mhk; aËk; dlnj)k'f[ uFlGÒjH c;>ij)l dlgU*X ejClvjsr KeSulzj&[ wlhijpUulH c;>ij&fkSelsh Sfl'j/j)H alYf; :dk'k Lf[àà L*srus#'[ :sg(jhk; ilpj)k'ks!(jH Sdgxjsh Tg; :xkdSxlm[ éakwl|jpkdXê si#kijxj& KÓgnj akwl|jpjsRy 1983 }jc;~G alcjsh ãLH-arlGä il. 29 H T*jsr dlnl;î ÞédkkylJ~jshê ãQyuhk;ä - QOhjul)sx ijxj)hk; LiG éãck'jdXäê rjG%|j)sMà Ligksm CgJgjH akwl|jpjH rjs'lglX h^oc[ sdl![ dk[ rjG%|j)l;à CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 210 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 211. éLs#(jH, akyjSiH/j)l;, fJsi)l;… LiG)[ QOhjul)sx ijxj&[ gÊs/mlrldksalsu'[ Svlpj)kd?àê, Lfjr[ ãLH- arlGä L's LÖlujg; éT's ãLÙfjrlujg;àäê goeuk; YefjEh; rjC[vuj&jMk![, t'lH T'kisg 25 iG<alujM[ Lfjr[ aykemj T*sr sv$k' ãck'jä ij>lz; f'jMj#à iji.ò. * * * aD[~ydX, wly*X, ér~jalG, QOhjul)X, ~j;~*X, SuCk, ã~G)kSfmk'ä d#[ - ag;ê fkm*jui)[… SrG&dX, CeF*X, dlnj)dX… éfkm*ju :glPruksm ]sf(jhk; Qgk Tr;ê LG/j)H ésv$k' akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kê. akc[hJ*sx CjG)jH é~j;~-wlylglPrujH, L#l|kijsRy dosm aËk=isg :glPj)hjHê tj)k' t#l alGz*xk; YeilvdR Lm&[ dxukduk;, Lfjsrfjsg dGCraluj fl)Jf[ rHdkduk; svu[fjgj)k'kà éwof- ssYdc[fiG iqjSdmjhlufkSelshê akc[hJ*sx iqjSdmjSh)k; CjG)jSh)k; tj)k' alGzaln[ D~yk; - wlyik;, LfjH)jm)k' D~ylxjdxk;, é: agj&kSelu QOhjul)sxuk; aËk; LfjgkdijÉ[ c[Sr|j)hk;ê, Lfksdl![ fs' YeilvdR D~ykdX)k;, Lijsm)k= cÕGCrjrk; éixsg zOgialuê vjh rjua*xk;, rjGS`C*xk; rHdjujgj)k'kà éLi flsq sdlmk)k'kêî 1- QOhjul)sxuk;, cIlhj|J*sxuk;, ér~jalsguk; aËk; c[Sr|j)H, :pgj)H, ~|kalrj)H fkm*juiujHê Lfjgkdijuk'fjsrfjgjH r~j éixsg zOgialuê fl)Jf[ rHdjujgj)k'kàà L#l|k eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 211 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 212. (110 : ‫)ا‬ ""(_ntb, P§tfmSv) ]dbpI: "Rm³ n§sft¸msebpÅ Hcp apjy³ am{XamIp¶p'.'' (JpÀB³ 18: 110) . r~j eyuk'kî ’: ” .(3445 :‫ري‬ ‫)ا‬ “.‘ : ÞYdjc[fUlrjdX ayjuajsRy adsr é:glPruksm Tr*xlu ijxj&kYelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj… LG/j&[ Lfjg[ dijÉ[ê ekdq[jufkSelsh rj*X éakc[hj;dXê ts' ér~j suê ekdq[gkf[, BlR fJG&uluk; éL#l|kijsRyê Qgk Lmjauln[, éLfksdl![ê rj*X eyukdî ãL#l|kijsRy Lmjauk;, LisRy pofgk; t'[ä.ß é~kDlgjî 3445ê. r~j iJ!k; eyÉkî ’: ” :‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫: 1/512، 743، ا آ : 1/664، وا‬ ‫)أ‬ “.‘ .(2680 : ‫ا ﻡ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫:9203 وﺹ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫5/721، وا‬ ÞéafjH L#l|kik;, LisRy pofglu r~j uk; dH/j&fjHê Lfjg[ dijuk'f[ rj*X coÊj)kd, rj*xksm akRzlajdX éwof-ssYdc[fiGê rCj)kilR dlgn; LiG éafjHê Lfjg[ dijÉflujgk'k.ß éL|[ap[î 1í215, 347, |ldj;î 1í466, ss~|Dj ckrR LH-dk~[ylî 5í127, T~[rkalwî 3029, c|J|[ wlajL[ LH~lrjî 2680ê. dlgn;, TO c[Sr|j)hjH :pgj)hjH, LfjgkdijuH Lisgsu#l; éijxj&kYelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj-Lyi[, LfjgkdijÉ c[Sr|; - YefJÊ… fkm*ju :glPruksm Tr*X LG/j&[ê :glPj)k' CjG)jSh)[ é~j;~- wlylglPrujSh)[ - afjH Lfjg[ dijuk'fjSh)[ê tj)s/mk'fln[à éafjH Lfjg[ dijuhk; L#l|ki#lisg Lfjg[ dijÉ[ c[Sr|j)hk; - :pgj)hk; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 212 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 213. - Semj)hksa#l; L#l|kik;, LisRy pofglu r~j uk; ixsg zOgialujfs' ijSglPj&jgj)k'kê. 1. D~yjr[ akdxjH sdMjs/l)k'f[ - wly; K!l)k'f[ r~j ijh)jujgj)k'k, Lfjrk= sfxji[î : : ” ( ) ’ : ،3218 :‫داود‬ ‫: 969، أ‬ ‫)ﻡ‬ “.‘ .(1064 ،741 : ‫: 1861، أ‬ ،43 : ،1049 :‫9202، ﻡ ي‬ L~kH |$lwkH Lcpj eyuk'kî Lhj$k~[rk L~ofIlhj~[ tS'lm[ eyukduk!lujî Þts' r~j rjSulzj&jgj)k' Qgk dlgUjr[ fl(sx BlR rjSulzj)sMSul?, Lfluf[, ãQgk ãfj;clH - coyä éd#ksdl!k; aËk; sdMj Lfjsr : D~yjhk=igksm Segkijxj)k' goe;, Ls#(jH :f[alik=iuksm vjYf*sxêuk; selxj&krJ)lsf ijSM)gkf[, KuGs/M Qgk D~yjsruk; é>oajs)l/;ê fMjrjg/l)lsfuk; ijSM)gkf[ä.ß éakc[hj;î 969, L~opliop[î 3218, rclTOî 2029, fjGajpjî 1049, ss~|Djî 3ñ4, fIulhjcjî 1ñ168, L|[ap[î 741, 1064ê. 2. D~yjsr dk+lu; écjaRy[ê eoCk'fk;, D~yjsRy akdxjH sdMjm; K!l)k'fk;, éD~yjsRy akdxjH pkÈDalvgj&jgj)k'fk;, DkG:R elglun; svu[fjgj)k'fk; aËk;ê… YeilvdR ijSglPj&jgj)k'k. Lfjrk= sfxji[î |pJc[î wl~jG KÓgj)k'kî “. ” CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 213 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 214. ÞD~ykdX dk+lu; écjaRy[ê eoCk'fk;, LfjSØH Tgj)k'fk;, LfjSØH sdMjm*X tmk)k'fk; 41 L#l|kijsRy pofG ijSglPj&jgj)k'k.ß 3. D~yjsRy Lmk[ éD~yjr[ akdxjHê rac[dgj)k'fk; ycoH rjSglPj&jMk![, Lfjrk= sfxji[î |pJc[î :ujCl eyuk'k, YeilvdR T|Shldilc; simjÉ SglzC$ujH djm'[ sdl![ eyukduk!lujî ’: ” ’ :( ) ‘ “.‘ ÞwofØlsguk; ssYdc[fisguk; L#l|k Cej)sMà LiG Ligksm YeilvdRalgksm D~yjm*sx ckwop[ sv$k' c[Fh; érac[)gj)k' c[Fh;, :glPrlhu;, ac[wjp[ê :)jujgj)k'k.ß :ujCl eyuk'k, Þr~j uksm D~yjsr ér~j )k SC<; igk'iGê e=j éckwop[ sv$k' c[Fh;ê :)ksa'[ Semj&j#lujgks'(jH42 Lfjsr 43 sixjil)kalujgk'kß éLFil iJmjr[ sixjujH ayalmkalujgk'k, TYedlgaln[ Ef[|kH ~lgjujH K=f[ê. 41 - akc[hj;î 3í62, T~[rk L~J ssC~î 4í134, fjGajpjî 2í155, L|[ap[î 3í339,399H cI|J|l)ju éijCIlc SulzUaluê |pJc[. 42 - ~kDlgjî 3-156, 198, 8-114, 435, akc[hj;î 2-67, 531, L~o Lilrî 1-399, L|[ap[î 6-80, 121, 255. 43 - Lfluf[ éD~yjm; e=jdxl)ksa'[ Semj&j#lujgks'(jHê YeilvdR uksm D~yjsr aysul'k; domlsf iJmjr[ sixjujH é~DJT D~Gc[Flrjshl asËlê D~ym)kalujgk'k. LflnfjsRy éakdxjsh |pJcjsh ãL~[gjcä t' il)jsRyê LGÒ;. TYedlgaln[ Ef[|kH ~lgjujH éTO |pJcjsRy ijignjHê K=f[. éssCD[ LH~lrjuksm Þf|[pJG clwjp[...ß t' ekc[fdjsRy 1l; LÓUlu; Se. 14, Srl)kdê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 214 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 215. iJ!k; |pJc[, wkRpk~[ T~[rk LH~whj kk eyuk'k, LS`|; r~j ujH rj'[ SdX)kduk!lujî [ ] [ ] ...” .(2/84/1 :‘ ‫’ا‬ ‫ا‬ ،401/1 : ‫ا‬ ‫: 2/76-86، أ‬ ‫)ﻡ‬ “. ÞLyjukd, éfJG&uluk;ê rj*xksm akR cao|; éwof- ssYdc[fiGê Ligksm YeilvdØlgksmuk; cp[i{gksmuk; D~ykdsx ckwop[ sv$k' c[Fh; érac[)gj)k' c[Fh;, :glPrlhu;, ac[wjp[ - e=jdXê :)jujgj)k'kà Lyjukd, rj*X D~yjm*sx ckwop[ sv$k' c[Fh; érac[)gj)k' c[Fh;, e=jdX - ac[wjp[ê :)gkf[, BlR ér~j ê LfjH 44 rj'k; rj*sx fmuk'k.ß TO |pJcjH D~yjm*X ãac[wjp[ä ée=j, ckwop[ sv$k' c[Fh;ê :)kd t'f[ sdl![ KS`Cj)k'f[ D~yjrmk[ e=j K!l)jujMjs#(jhk; : D~yjrmk[ rac[dgj)kd éckwop[ sv$kdê t'fln[. rac[dgj)kilrluj sfsgsÉmk)k' akqkiR c[Fhik; ãe=j :)kdä t' znjH KX/mk'fln[. Lfln[ YeilvdR eyuk'f[î “. ”: (438 :‫ري‬ ‫)روا ا‬ Þ>oaj trj)[ e=juluk;, ési=; djMlfjgk'lH dkxj)k;, ikxkijrk; edgak=ê CkÓJdgnjr[ éfu+kajr[ê K=fluk; rjGÑuj&[ f'jgj)k'k.ß é~kDlgjî 438ê. t'lH, D~yjr[ akdxjH érac[dgj)k'fjsRy dosmê e=juk; domj K!l)julH LfjsRy zOgi; domk'k. t'lH YeilvdR uksm TO ijSglP*sx#l; éiqjSdmjhluê LPjd akc[hJ*xk; Liznj)kduk;, Lf[ dlgnlH LiG ihju 44 - akc[hj;î 2í67-68, L~o Lilrî 1í401, fI~ylrj LH-d~JGî 1í84í2. éssCD[ LH~lrj fsRy Þf|[pJG clwjp[…ß t' ekc[fdjH c|J|[ :)juf[ê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 215 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 216. CjG)jH Lds/Mfk; rak)[ dlnl;àà LiG D~ykdsx ac[wjp[ ée=j, ckwop[ sv$k' c[Fh;ê :)kduk;, Lijsm sdMjm*xk;, wly*xk;, aDlakdxk; enjf[ KuGkduk; svu[f[, : D~ylxjdX)[ ~hjuyk)kduk;, LiSglm[ YelGÒj)kduk;, LiSglm[ Tc[fjzlF éc;gÊnjrk= YelGÒrê rmkduk;, LiG)[ SrG& Srgkduk;… fkm*j CjG)jsRy é~j;~-wlylglPruksmê akqkiR Tr*xk; Lg; wly*xjhk; aDlakdxjhk; rmalmjsdl!jgj)kduln[à T~[rkHD$j; éy|ja.ê (217-214/1 :‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ )إ‬t' Yzr[FjH eyuk'kî ÞD~ykdsx dkyj&[ YeilvdR eAj/j& ijPjijh)kdxjH Lm*ju :vlg*xk;, T'[ éiqjSdmjhluê LPjd akc[hJ*xk; D~ykdX sdl![ sv$k' éLÔijCIlcegaluê Lrlvlg*xk; egc[eg ijgkÓ*xln[àà Ti g!k; é:vlg*xk;, Lrlvlg*xk;ê Qgj)hk; D~yjmjH Qgkaj)kduj#. LFil, é1ê. ÞD~yjSh)[ fjgjÉk= rac[dlg; YeilvdR ijSglPj&jgj)k'k.ß éakc[hj;î 3í62, L~opliop[î 1í71, rclTî 1í124, fjGajpjî 2í154, ss~|Djî 3í435, L|[ap[î 4í135, T~[rk LcldjGî 2í151í2, 2í152ê, t'lH TiG éakc[hJ*xjsh iqjSdmjhluiGê D~yjSh)[ fjgjÉ[ rac[dgj)k'kà é2ê. ÞD~ykdX ac[wjp[ éckwop[ sv$k' c[Fh;, :glPrlhu;, e=jdXê :)k'f[ YeilvdR ijSglPj&jgj)k'k.ß éakc[hj;î 2í67-68, L~o Lilrî 1í401, fI~ylrj LH-d~JGî 1í84í2ê, t'lH TiG D~ykdX ac[wjp[ éckwop[ sv$k' c[Fh;, :glPrlhu;, e=jdXê :)kduk;, Lfjr[ wly*X, aDlakdX t'[ Seg[si)kduk; svu[fjgj)k'kàà Ligksm Tg; YeiGr*X iUd[fal)k'f[î ãLiG L#l|kijsRy >iralu e=jdSxlm[ CYfkfsi)k'k t'ldk'k.ä é3ê. ÞD~Gc[FlrjH érjhêijx)[ dj)k'f[ YeilvdR ijSglPj&jMk![.ß éL~opliop[î 3236, rclTî 2041, fjGajpjî 320, L|[ap[î 1í229, |l)j;î 1í347, T~[rkalwî 1575ê t'lH LiG D~yjr[ akdxjhk;, Lgjdjhk; aËk; ijx)kdX dj)kduk; sv$k'k, é4ê. ÞD~yjm*sx KHci; éKyoc[, aJhlp[ê :SZl< c[Fhal)k'f[ YeilvdR ijSglPj&jgj)k'k.ß éL~opliop[î 2042, L|[ap[î 2í367, fI~[ylrj QOc[î 8026, c|J|[ wlajL[ LH~lrjî 7226ê. t'lH TiG CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 216 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 217. Lijsm KHci; éKyoc[, aJhlp[ê :SZl< c[Fhal)kduk;, Lijsm SrG&dxk; iqjelmkdxk; LG/j)kduk; sv$k'k, segk'lxjr[ TOp[zl|jH Qgkaj&[ domk'fjSr)lX domkfH wr*X Tg; wly*xjhk; aDlakdxjhk; éKyoc[, aJhlp[ :SZl< cau*xjHê Qgkaj&[ domkduk; sv$k'kàà LfkSelsh, sdMj KuGs/M D~ykdX éakqkirk;ê fMjrjg/l)kilR YeilvdR dHej&jgj)k'k, Lfjrk= sfxji[ Tal; akc[hj; KÓgj)k' |pJckdxjH rl; dlnkdî ’: : ” ( ) (969 : ‫)ﻡ‬ “.‘ L~kH |$lwkH Lcpj eyuk'kî Lhj$k~[rk L~ofIlhj~[ tS'lm[ eyukduk!lujî Þts' YeilvdR rjSulzj&jgj)k' Qgk dlgUjr[ fl(sx BlR rjSulzj)sMSul?, Lfluf[, ãQgk ãfj;clH - coyä éd#ksdl!k; aËk; sdMj Lfjsr : D~yjhk=igksm Segkijxj)k' goe;, Ls#(jH :f[alik=iuksm vjYf*sxêuk; selxj&krJ)lsf ijSM)gkf[, KuGs/M Qgk D~yjsruk; é>oajs)l/;ê fMjrjg/l)lsfuk; ijSM)gkf[ä.ß45 iJ!k; akc[hjajsRy cI|J|[ |pJckdxjH rak)[ dlnlik'fln[, Fkalaf[~[rk CkEj$ujH rj'[ KÓgj)k'kî ’: ” .(968 : ‫)ﻡ‬ “.‘ 45 - akc[hj;î 969, L~opliop[î 3218, rclTOî 2029, fjGajpjî 1049, ss~|Djî 3ñ4, fIulhjcjî 1ñ168, L|[ap[î 741, 1064. éssCD[ LH~lrj fsRy Þf|[pJG clwjp[...ß t' ekc[fdjH c|J|[ :)juf[ê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 217 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 218. ÞB*X Sylajsh Sylp[cjH Exlhf[~[rk Kss~pjsRy dosmulujgk'k, : cÕG>jH B*xksm Qgk doMkdlgR agj)kduk!lujï LS/lX, Exlhf[~[rk Kss~p[ LS`|jsRy D~yjsr é>oajs)l/;ê rjg/l)kilR dHej&k, t'jM[ eyÉkî ãD~ykdsx é>oajs)l/;ê rjg/l)kilR YeilvdR dHej)k'fluj BlR SdMjMk![ä.ß éakc[hj;î 968ê. iJ!k; ðcI|J|lu |pJckdxjH rak)[ dlnlik'fln[î : ” “. ! : ÞL~[pk L#l|[ T~[rk Cky|[~JH ~[rk |cr eyuk'kî KF[alrk~[rk LE[ElR D~ykdX fMj rjg/l)lR dHej)k'f[ BlR d!jgk'k, L*jsr LS`|Slm[ eyus/Mkî ã: dlnk' D~G K+k- L;y[ ~jRf[ KF[alrjSRyf[ :sn'[àä Lfk; fMj rjg/l)lR LS`|; éKF[alrk~[rk LE[ElR ê dHej)kduk;, Lf[ fMj rjg/l)kduk; svu[fkßò éiji.ê46 t'lH TO |pJckdsx#l; elsm Liznj)kduln[ éakc[hJ*xjsh iqjSdmjhluiGê sv$k'f[àà éLiGê D~ykdX sdMjm*X Selsh >oajujH rj'[ sdMj KuGkduk;, LfjSØH éwly*xk;ê Dk^dxk; rjG+j)kduk; sv$k'kààää T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê fkmG'k eyuk'kî ããD~yjsr dkyj&[ YeilvdR rjuaal)j dHej& vgUujHrj'k;, TO ij>lz; éakc[hJ*xjsh iqjSdmjhluiGê iUd[faluk; iqjsfËjujgj)k'kà LiG D~yjrgjdjH svu[fksdl!jgj)k' TO dlgU*sx#l; eoGnaluk; Tc[hlajsRy ijgkÓik;, Üje[fs/mkkilR clPj)lYfuk; iqjSdmjhkaln[ààää 46 - T~[rk L~J ssC~ fsRy akc'EjH (138/4) H KÓgj&f[. L~ockG| fsRy flgJDjH (2/121/2/66) H cI|J|lu crSplm[domj KÓgj&f[. éssCD[ LH~lrj fsRy Þf|[pJG clwjp[...ß t' ekc[fdjH c|J|[ :)juf[ê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 218 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 219. SC<; T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.ê D~yjrmk[ Tc[hlajsRy ijgkÓaluj rm)k' dlgU*X tÑjeyuk'kî ããD~G cÕGCr; YeilvdR rjuaal)juf[ egShlds QlG)kilrk;, : D~yjH ayalms/MiG)[ selyk)kilrk;, dlgknUjrk; Si!j L#l|kijSrlm[ YelGÒj)kilrk; :dk'k. L*jsr : D~G cÕGCrjhosm rØuln[ sv$k'f[. t'lH akC[gj)kdX é~j;~ - wly :glPdG, akc[hJ*xjsh iqjSdmjhluiGê : rjua*X alËjayj)kduk;, éTc[hlajd ]dsspilglPruksm - L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)k'ê afs LiG LfjsRy SrGijegJf; é~j;~ - wly :glPruksmê af; :)kduk; sv$k'kàà D~G cÕGCr; CjG)[ é~j;~ - wly :glPrê sv$kilrk;, D~ylxjdSxlm[ YelGÒj)kilrk;, f*xksm :iCU*X Svlpj)kilrk;, Lijsm rj'k; LrkYz|*X tmk)kilrk;, CYfk)Xs)fjgjH c|lu; éTc[fzlcê h>j)kilrkal)j fJG)kduln[ é: iqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*Xê sv$k'f[. L*jsr TO goejhk= D~G cÕGCrjhosm cIÔjrk;, 47 D~ylxjdSxlmk; fs' KeYpialn[ éLiGê sv$k'f[…ää T~[rkH D$j; éy|ja.êuksm il)kdX Tijsm Liclrj&k. D~ykdX, wly*X, éLFil, D~yjhk= r~jalG, QOhjul)X, SuCk, ~j;~*Xê fkm*jui)[… SrG&dX éCeF*X, ~hj, Lyi[… fkm*ju :glPruksm ]sf(jhk; Qgk Tr;ê LG/j)k'f[ ihju CjG)[ fs'uln[. LfkSelsh, D~yjm*xjH sdMjmak!l)kduk;, e=jdxk!l)kduk;, D~yjSØH Dk^dX enjukduk;, D~ykdX)[ vkËk; e=jdxk;, wly*xk; enjuk'fksa#l; r~j uksm rjuajr[ éTc[hlajr[ê fjd&k; ijegJfikaldk'kà D~yjhk= ér~jalG, QOhjul)X, ~j;~*X, SuCk fkm*juê ayalms/M[ djm)k'iG Kedlgsal - KeYpisal, gÊsul - CjÊsul sv$ksa'k;, LiSglm[ :glSnl Tc[fjzlF éc;gÊn YelGÒrê rmk'f[ LiG)[ : D~ylxj c|lu; rHdksa'k;, D~yjhk=igjSh)[ Tc[fj:r éL>u;ê SfmjuiG)[ :iCU*X : D~yjhk=iG eoGJdgj&ksdlmk)k; t'k; vjh elagwr*X éakc[hJ*xjsh 47 217-214/1 :‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫-إ‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 219 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 220. iqjSdmjhluiGê ijvlgj)k'kà L*jsr Lijm*xjH SrG&dxk;, iqjelmkdxk; LG/j)kduk; sv$k'kà LfjrlH fs' D~ykdX L#l|kijsr domlsf :glPj)s/mk' ijYz|*xluj alyjujgj)kuln[àà éTf[ r~j ixsg zOgialujfs' rjSglPj&jMk![, Lfjrk= sfxji[ Tal; alhj)k; aËk; KÓgj)k' |pJckdxjH rl; dlnkdêî Tal; alhj)jsRy akifIujH LfIlL[-~jR uclG kijHrj'[ KÓgj)k'k, r~j eyÉkî ’: ” 48 “.‘ r~j eyÉk éYelGÒj&kêî ÞL#l|ksià tsRy D~yjsr éLfjSh)[ rac[dgj)kduk;, YelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj… LG/j&[ê :glPj)s/mk' Qgk ~j;~; éijYz|;ê :)kilR Lrkipj)gkSfà Qgk cao|jH éwof- ssYdc[figjHê L#l|kijsRy Sdle; Cd[faldk'k - LiG Ligksm YeilvdØlgksm D~yjm*sx 49 e=jdxl)jujgj)k'k.ß iJ!k;, ðL~o|kyu[y kijHrj'[ KÓgj)k'k, r~j eyÉkî ’: ” “.‘ Þr~j eyÉkî ãL#l|ksià tsRy D~yjsr éLfjSh)[ rac[dgj)kduk;, YelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj, Lyi[… LG/j&[ :glPj)s/mkduk; sv$k'ê Qgk ~j;~; éijYz|;ê :)kilR Lrkipj)gkSfà Qgk cao|s éwof-ssYdc[fisgê L#l|k 48 ‫ا: 2/642 ر : 2637، ﺹ‬ ً ‫ﻡ‬ ‫: 1/861 ر : 614 ﻡ ﺱ ؛ و أ‬ ‫-ﻡ‬ .750 : ‫ﻡ ةا‬ ‫ا‬ 49 - akifIL[î 416, L|+p[î 7362, c|J|[ LH~lrj ajC[dl[î 750. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 220 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 221. Cej&jgj)k'k, LiG Ligksm YeilvdØlgksm D~yjm*sx e=jdxl)jujgj)k'kä.ßò éiji.ê50 r~j uksm TO YelGÒr T#lujgk'js#(jH vjh fjØdsx#l; r~j uksm D~yjrgjdjhk; rmalmkalujgk'kà écOpj, DG fkm*juiu#lê Tc[hlajd glwU*xjH eh D~ykdxjhk; T*sruk= Lrlvlg*X rmalmk'k![à édlgn;, cOpj, DG fkm*juiu#l aj}[hJc[Ë[ 51 zXEkrlmkdxjH LPjdik; 75æ isg CjulL[-akc[hJ*xln[, Ligksm rjuYÔnjhln[ Lijm*xjH D~ylgPr rm)k'f[àà aËk rlmkdxjH iqjSdmjhlu ck'jdxk; TfjHSvgk'kàà iji.ê. t'lH apJr[ r~j uksm e=jujH vjh wl|jhJ*xk; éLw[Bgk;ê, DkylEjdxk; éLr[PijCIlcjdxk;ê vjh Tc[hl;afijgkÓ YeiGr*X sv$kilR YCaj)k'ks!(jhk; r~j uksm YelGÒruksm Ehaluj L#l|k r~j uksm D~yjsr c;gÊj)kd fs' svu[fjMk![, Lr[PijCIlcjdX)k;, wl|jhJ*X)k; r~j uksm D~yjSh)[ tkilR clPUa#, dlgn; r~j uksm D~G e=jujh#, ayj&[ r~j uksm iJMjhln[, D~yjr[ vkËk; afjH sdl![ ihu; svu[fjgj)kdukaln[. T~[rkHD$j; éy|ja.ê fsRy rorj$ÈujH eyÉf[ Selshî ‫ــ ا ــ ران‬ ‫ــ‬ ‫وأ‬ ( ‫د ء )د ء رﺱ ل‬ ‫ب رب ا‬ ÞShldgÊjfli[ ér~j uksmê YelGÒr)[ Kg; rHdjujgj)k'k, ao'[ vkagkdxlH Lfjsr ér~j uksm D~yjsrê ihu; sv$s/Mjgj)k'k.ß ðssCD[ LH~lrj éy|ja.ê fsRy Þf|[pJG clwjp[...ß t' ekc[fdjH D~yjsr :glPj)s/mk' Qgk 50 - L|[ap[î 7352, T~[rk cLp[, L~ouL[h, L~o rkssL; t'jiG cI|J|lu crSplm[ domj éijCIlcSulzUalu |pJclujê KÓgj&f[. Sisyuk; en[}jfØlG KÓgj& cI|J|lu Qgk |pJcln[ Tf[. éssCD[ LH~lrj fsRy Þf|[pJG clwjp[...ß t' ekc[fdjH c|J|[ :)juf[ê. 51 - Sew[ 756-855, Þ2003-SiX}[ LHarl)[ - rUoSulG)[ß Srl)kd. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 221 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 222. ~j;~al)k'fjsrfjsg Ef[|kH~lgjujH rj'[ T*sr KÓgj)k'kî éSvlpU;êî ÞL#l|ksià tsRy ér~j uksmê D~yjsr :glPj)s/mk' Qgk ~j;~; éijYz|;ê :)kilR 52 Lrkipj)gkSfàß ét' |pJcjsRy LGÒsaÔ[?ê éKg;êî T~[rk L~[pk LH-~jGy[ éEf[|kH ~lgj 2í90í65êH eyuk'kî éakdxjsh |pJcjH i'jMk=ê ‫ - و‬icR t'lH ~j;~; éijYz|;ê :dk'kà r~j YelGÒj&kî ÞL#l|ksià tsRy D~yjsr éLfjSh)[ rac[dgj)kduk; YelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj… LG/j&[ê :glPj)s/mk' Qgk ~j;~; éijYz|;ê :)kilR Lrkipj)gkSfàß éakifIL[î 416, L|+p[î 7362, c|J|[ LH~lrj ajC[dl[î 750ê, L*jsr éD~ykdsx :glPj)s/mk' Qgk ~j;~al)Hê sv$k'iSglm[ L#l|k dAjraluj Sdlej)k'fln[ édlgn;, L*jsr sv$H iqjSdmjhlu akc[hj;dxjH c;>ij)lik' Qgk CjG)[ - ~j;~-wlylglPr :dk'kàê. akR cao|; éwof-ssYdc[fiGê svu[f TO vJ YeiGr*xjH rj'k; ijMkrjH)kilR YeilvdR fsRy cI|l~j dsxuk;, TO akc[hj; cao|s akqkirk; fl)Jf[ sv$kduln[à ijYz|lglPdG ijYz|*X)[ ak'jH ckwopkdxk; :glPrdxk; LG/j)kduk;, Lfjsr a|fIs/mkkduk; sv$k'fkSelsh, akR cao|; Ligksm YeilvdØlgksm D~yjmjSh)[ rac[dgj)kduk;, Lfjsr LiG Dj~[h érac[dlg-pj)[ê :)kduk;, e=j-:glPrlhu; :)j éLfjSh)[ YelGÒr, SrG&, ~hj… LG/j&jgk'kê - Tf[ ihju CjG)[ é~j;~lglPrê :dk'kà Lfksdl![ fs' L#l|kijsRy Sdleik;, Sp<Uik; L*jsruk=igjH K!lujgj)ksa'[ YeilvdR fl)Jf[ sv$kduln[. YeilvdR Lf[ Qgj)hk; T<[ms/Mjgk'j#. dlgn; akR cao|jsRy éwof-ssYdc[figksmê iqjujhosm fsRy akc[hj; cao|ik; cÖgj)ksa' >u; YeilvdR )k!lujgk'k. wof- ssYdc[fiSglmk;, LijCIlcjdSxlmk; Ligksm t#l :vlg*xjhk; tfjglik'f[ YeilvdR ixsguPjd; T<[ms/Mjgk'k. fsRy akc[hj; cakplu; Lisg 52 - akifIL[î 416, L|+p[î 7362, c|J|[ LH~lrj ajC[dl[î 750. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 222 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 223. ejReËkSalsu'[ >us/Mjgk'fksdl!ln[ YeilvdR T*sr éfl)Jf[ svu[f[ê eyÉf[î Þrj*X éiqjSdmjhlu akc[hj;dXê eoG%jd cao|*sx éwof-ssYdc[fisgê Ligksm svgj/jsRy dlgUjH Selhk; Lrkdgj)k'fln[, LigjH :sg(jhk; Qgk KmkÙjsRy alxjH YeSiCj&lH rj*xk; LfjH YeSiCj)k'fln[àä éc|l~j dX Svlpj&k, ãrl; ejReËkd wof-ssYdc[fisg :snl Yeilvdsg ?ä Lijmk'[ eyÉkî ãLsf Lisg fs'àäêß. é~kDlgjî 3456, akc[hj;î 2669, éEf[|kH 53 ~lgjî 2í90í65 T~[rk yw~[êò. * * * ‫ا آ ری‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ YefjadX, c[algdeJA*X, éwJijdxksm vjYf*Xê… fkm*jui éc[Flej)k' akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kê. ‫ - ا‬falcJH éYefjadXê t'[ eyuk'f[ ‫- ِ ل‬ fj;clH éYefjaê t'fjsRy ~|kivr; :dk'k, LFil, ark<UgksmSul, a{z*xksmSul, Ls#(jH :f[alik= ]sf(jhk; wJijdxksm rjGwJialu goe*sxuln[ Yefja éfj;clHê t'f[ sdl![ dkyj)k'f[. ‫ - ا‬rc~[ t'lH iqjdlnj)kilrk= Lmulx; éLmulx d#[ê t'ln[ dkyj)k'f[, T*sruk= Lmulxjr[ é: d#jr[ê Lmklujgk'k akÙ[ akC[gj)kdX é~j;~lglPdGê ~hj Lykjgk'f[. c[algd eJA; - ‫ ا ُ ُ ا آ ری‬t'lHî 53 - ssCD[ LH~lrjuksm Þf|[pJG clwjp[...ß t' ekc[fdjsRy 1-l; LÓUlu; Se. 25 Srl)kd. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 223 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 224. Srfl)xkSmSul, a|lf[al)xkSmSul QlGa)luj ssaflr*xjhk; aËk; c[Flej)k' Yefjadxln[ KS`Cj)k'f[ éTisu#l; YeilvdR rj<jÓal)jufkfs' :dk'kê. :f[alik=iuksm goe; éSElSMldXê ig)k'fjsrfjsg YeilvdR fl)Jf[ rHdjujgj)k'k. YeSfUdj&[ Srfl)Ralgksmuk;, en[}jfRalgksmuk;, glwl)Ralgksmuk;, L#l|kijsr Cgjuluj :glPj&[ cIlhj|J*xluj éc&gjfglujê wJij&j)k'igksmuk;, rludRalgksmuk; SElSMldX, éLi ixsg dnjCaluj rj<jÓaldk'k. Lf[ S~lG}kdX, SewkdX, fknjdX, vkagkdX fkm*juiujH ssdsdl![ ig)k'flsn(jhk;, :Pkrjd Kedgn*X édUlay, aoij, iJ}jsulê KeSulzjS&l, Ls#(jH sdljuk!l)jSul, Lfkas#(jH ijYz|jsRy goejH rjG+j&ksdlS!l :ujgk'lhk; Cgj, Lf[ rj<jÓ; fs'uldk'k. LfkSelsh, vkagkdxjShl, aËki# ic[fkijShl SElSMl fo)k'fk;, efj)k'fk;, ijYz|*X é~j;~*X, YefjadXê c[Flej)k'fk; r~j ijSglPj&jgj)k'k. c[algdeJA*X K!l)k'fk; : ijSglPjH seMfln[. dlgn; Lf[ CjG)[ é~j;~ :glPrêujSh)k= alGÏ*xldk'k. >oajujH :pUaluj CjG)[ Kmshmk)kilR dlgn;î SElSMluk;, goe*xk; :ujgk'kà ro|[r~j uksm cakplujH vjh c&gjfglu écIlhj|J*xlu - akc[hJ*xluê :xkdX K!lujgk'k, LiG agj&S/lX : cakplu; ixsguPjd; pkÈDj)kduk!luj, LS/lX : akc[hJ*xjsh c&gjfG flacj&jgk' c[Fh*xjH rj*X Lisg QlG+j)kilR Ligksm goe*X ig&[ si)kd t'[ ejClv[ LiG)[ pkGS~lPr; rHdkduk!luj, L*jsr LiG K!l)ju : goe*X)[ agj& : akc[hJalu c&gjfgksm Seg[ rHdkduk; svu[fk, t'lH, Lf[ K!l)juigksm dlh[ Li é: goe*Xê :glPj)s/Mj#. : cakplu; dqjÉ[ SeluS/lX Lfjsr c;~r[Pj&k= éLFil, : goe; K!l)juf[ :glPj)kilr# t'ê ulFlGÒU; cakplu; ay'kSeldkduk;, L*jsr Lisu :glPj)s/mkduk; svu[fkàà TO ij<ujH i'jMk= |pJc[ cI|J|kH ~kDlgjujH dlnl;î |pJc[, T~[rk L^lc[ eyuk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 224 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 225. [( ) ]” (4920 :‫ري‬ ) “. ÞðTO LÖ[Segk; é: LÖ[ iUlw sspi*Xî i`[, ckilL[, uzoF[, uKOD[, rc[y[êò ro|[r~j uksm cakplujsh cIlhj|J*X éc&gjflu akc[hJ*Xê :ujgk'k, LiG agns/MS/lX Ligksm c[Fh*xjH Ligksm goe*X éwly*X, ~j;~*X, ijYz|*X, Dk^dXê K!l)j c[Flej)kilrk;, Lfjr[ Ligksm Segjmkilrk; ejClv[ dHej&kà L*jsr Ligfksvu[fkà : é:pUê fhaky Lisu éLigksm goe*X - wly*X - ~j;~*Xê :glPj&jgk'j#à Ligksm agnSC<; : dlgU; éLfluf[, akR fhaky : goe*X - wly*X - goe*X K!l)juf[ :glPj)kilrlujgk'j# t'fk;, ayj&[, Lf[ siyksalgk :pgi[ covdalu c[algd; :ujgk'k t'fk;ê wr*X)jmujH éL's akc[hJ*X)jmujHê ej'Jm[ Lyjus/mlsf Selikduk;, Lisu é: goe*X LfjrkSC<; i' fhakydXê :glPj)kduk; svu[fkààß é~kDlgjî 4920ê. SC<;, ro|[r~j su L#l|k rjSulzj)kduk; : c&gjfsg QlG+j)kilR K!l)ju goe*xjhosm c;>ij& ~j;~lglPr)[ éCjG)jr[ê tfjsg LS`|; Selglmkduk; svu[fk. ro|[r~j uksm : YeS~lPr; LiG cIJdgj&j#, LiG Ligksm ijYz|lglPr fkmG'ksdlS!ujgk'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (23 :‫) ح‬ ""AhÀ ]dªp: (P§tf!) n§Ä n§fpsS ssZh§sf Dt]£n¡cpXv. h±v, kphmAv, bKqYv, bDuJv, kvdv F¶nhsc CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 225 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 226. (F¶o apÉow k¨cnXcpsS cq]§sf) n§Ä Dt]£n¡cpXv.'' (JpÀB³ 71: 23). a|fIs/mkkilrk;, c[agnrjhrjGkilrk; Si!j LiG goe*X K!l)ju akc[hj; c&gjfgksm Segkdxln[ éi`[, ckilL[, uzoF[, uKOD[, rc[y[ê t'f[ t'[ TO cod[fjH covj/j)k'k. LFil, c[agn)[ Si!j K!l)ju : gke*X éSElSMl, Yefja, ~j;~;, wly-~j;~;ê :ujgk'k CjG)[ éL#l|ki#liG)k= :glPrê sv$kilrk;, : YeilvdRalsg Pj)gj)kilrk;, : cao|jsRy SaH L#l|kijsRy Sdle; Ty*kilrk;, SC<; si=s/l)lH 54 rCj/j)s/mkilrk; dlgnaluf[ t'k; éwlYzfSulsmê QlG)kdàà Tsf#l; c;>ij&f[ siyk; c[agn)luj goe*X évjYf*X, SElSMldXê K!l)kduk;, Li ijYz|*xl)j alËkduk; svu[ffjsRy Ledmlhlujgk'kàà Lfksdl![ fs'uln[ SElSMl tmk)k' évjYf*X K!l)k'ê :xkdsx r~j Cej)kilrk;, LiclrrlxjH ]Ëik; dmk CjÊ h>j)k'f[ é:f[alik=iuksmê SElSMl tmk)k' éK!l)k'ê iG)ldk'k t'[ r~j fl)Jf[ rHdkilrk;, SElSMldX 54 - t#l CjG)kdxk; c[Flej&f[ goe*X évjYf*X, SElSMldXê sdl!kfs'ulujgk'kî TY~l|j; r~j uksm wrf svu[fjgk' CjG)[ éL#l|ki#liG)k= :glPrêî ijYz*sx :glPj)kduk;, Ligksm ak'jH >wrajgj)kduk; sv$hlujgk'k. TYclTOH wrf éwofGê svu[f CjG)[ clajgj cIGÑ; sdl!k!l)ju eCk)kMjuksm goe; :glPj&k;, éKsscG r~jsu L#l|kijsRy adR t'[ iUlwaluj eyÉ[ :glPj&k;ê :ujgk'k. ssYdc[fiG svu[f CjG)[ TOcl Suuk;, dkgjCjsRyuk;, ayjuajsRyuk; égoe*xk!l)jê :glPj)k'fldk'k. ðYCJ ~kÓsRy goe*X évjYf*X, SElSMldXê K!l)j ~kÓafc[Fgk;, aËk Tfj|lc rludgksm goe*X évjYf*X, SElSMldXê K!l)j |jÕk afc[Fgk; :glPj)k'kàà akc[hJ; a|lf[al)xksm wlygoe; K!l)j : a|lf[al)xksm SegjMkijxj&[ Li)[ :glPruksm Tr*xluî ijxj&kYelGÒr, SrG&, ~hjuyi[… LG/j&[ iqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ; rlaPlgjdxk; CjG)[ éL#l|ki#liG)k= :glPrê sv$k'kààò éiji.ê CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 226 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 227. rCj/j)kilR r~j dHej&fk;,55 é:f[alik=iuksmê SElSMluk= iJmkdxjSh)[ L#l|kijsRy éLrkYz|ê ah)kdX YeSiCj)kduj#lsu'[ r~j ak'yjuj/[ rHdkilrk; dlgn;. ðYeilvdR eyÉkî ÞvjYf*X - SElSMldX K!l)k'iG)[ egShld[ dAjr CjÊuk![…ß é~kDlgjî 5954, akc[hj;î 2107ê. Þt#l vjYfdlgØlgk; - SElSMlYzlEGalgk; é:f[alik=iuksm SElSMldX K!l)k'iGê rgdjhln[…ß é~kDlgjî 2225, akc[hj;î 2110ê. ÞvjYf*X éSElSMldXê K!l)k'iG egShld[ L#l|kijsRy akÙjH c{<[mjdxjH ]Ëik; rjÕUgluiG :ujgj)k;.ß é~kDlgjî 434, akc[hj;î 528ê éiji.êò. TO fjØdsx#l; fs' SElSMlujhosm wr*xksm ijCIlcjSh)[ dm'kigk' Ledm*xldk'kà >oajujH :pUaluj CjG)[ éL#l|ki#liG)k= :glPrê dm'ki'f[ SElSMldX éc[algd CjH/*X, goe*Xê K!l)kduk; YepGCj/j)kduk; svu[ffk dlgnlH :ujgk'k. Lf[ cpÍkdxjhk;, ssaflr*xjhk;, eoSÔlM*xjhk;, selfkc[Fh*xjhk;… tijsm :sn(jhk; Cgj c[algd CjH/*X éSElSMldX, goe*Xê K!l)j c[Flej)k'f[ rj<jÓaln[. dlgn; Lf[ akc[hJ;*sx, CjG)jSh)k;, ijCIlc iqjSdmjSh)k; ruj)k' alGÏaldk'k. dlEjykdX éLijCIlcjdXê T*sr sv$k'fluj rak)[ dlnkilR clPj)k'fln[, dlgn; LiG)[ tS/lqk; Sdmki'kSeldk'f[ coÊjS)!jigk' Qgk ijCIlc; T#lfksdl![ fs' Tg; YeiGjdX LiGs)lgk YeC[ra#. t'lH akc[hJ*X TO dlgU; sv$kilSrl, L*jsr sv$k'isg édlEjykdsxê ejR/ËkilSrl elmj#. f*xksm egShld SalÊjrk;, ijCIlc c;gÊnjrk; Si!j TO dlgUjsrfjgjH ixsguPjd; wlYzf ekhGS!f[ LfUliCUaldk'k. wr*X fO|Jpk;, CjG)k; 55 - t'lH, fjgj&yjuH dlG}jH K=f[ alYf; :iCUaj#lsf YepGCj/j)lsf, : :iCU; dqjÉ[ rCj/j)kdulsn(jH rjG~r[Pjf Lic[Fujsh eleakd[fjujH KXs/ml;. L#l|k LL[h; éiji.ê CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 227 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 228. éSiGfjgj&[ê arÍjhl)jujMk![, Trj Lfjsr c;~r[Pj&[ vG& svS$! :iCUaj#l t'[ eyukilR elmj#. dlgn; >lij fhakyujH tS/lqlSnl w|[H éLw[Bfê iUlej)k'f[ : cÕG>jH Lisg ejq/j)kilrluj ejClv[ dljgj)kduln[àà L*jsruln[ ro|[r~j uksm cakplujsh en[}jfRalG agj)kduk;, w|[H éLw[Bfê iUlej)kduk; svu[fS/lX Lisg ejClv[ iqjejq/j)kd K!luf[àà domlsf Tfksdl![ wJij&jgj)k'igjH fs' Ejf[r épkGalGz;ê igj#l t'k; :G)ln[ Ky/[ rHdkilR clPj)kd? TY~l|j; é>us/MfkSelsh, LS`|;ê YelGÒj&kî (35 : ‫)إ اه‬ ""Fs¶bpw Fsâ a¡sfbpw (C{_mlnw bpw, Xsâ _nIpSp_s¯bqw) R§Ä Akvmanv (hn{Kl§Ä¡v, Pmd§Ä¡v, _namÀ¡v, Huenbm¡Ä¡v…) Bcm[ S¯p¶Xn n¶v AIän nÀ¯pIbpw sNt¿Wta.'' (JpÀB³ 14: 35). TO cod[fjH covj/j)k'f[î éfO|Jp[ ijCIlcjH DkG:R alf{d dlnj&ê TY~l|j;r~j cIu; fs' CjG)jsRy Ejf[r épkGalGz;ê >us/mk'fln[àà chEkdxjH seM vjhG eyuk'kî ÞTO CjG)jsRy dlgUjH TY~l|J; )[ SC<; :G)ln[ rjG>ufI; K=f[?àß ðsvyju CjG)jH rj'k= gÊ)kSi!jisg r~j YelGÒj&fluj Qgk |pJcjH dlnl;î ’: ” ،36 : ‫وا ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ) “.‘ ( ‫ا‬ ‫: 3/332 وا‬ ‫ا ﻡ ا‬ ‫: 4/304، ﺹ‬ ‫1/91 و روا أ‬ Þrj*X eyukd, ãL#l|kSià B*X LyjÉksdl![ rj'jH CjG)[ SvG)k' ijCIlcjH rj'k; B*X rj'jH Cgn; Sfmk'k, B*X)[ LyjulfjH rj'k; B*X CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 228 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 229. rjS'lmk selyk)hjsr Sfmkduk; sv$k'kò.56 L#l|kijH Cgn; Yelej)k'k. éiji.êò * * * Tc[hl;afs egj|cj)hk;, LfjsRy a|fIs Lrlpgj)hk; ésv$k'f[ akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ijCIlc; rj<[Ehal)k'kê Tc[hl;afs egj|cj)k'fksdl![ rjgkelPjd; Tc[hlajHrj'[ ekykSeluj LiG dlEjG :ujJgk'fldk'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (66-65 : ‫)ا‬ ""]dbpI: AÃmlpshbpw Ahsâ "Bb¯v' (JpÀB³ kqIvX§Ä, lZokpIÄ, ZrjvSm´§Ä)Dw, Ahsâ ZqXs (apl½Zv )bpw BtWm n§Ä ]cnlkn¨p sIm−ncn¡p¶Xv? n§Ä HgnhpIgnhpIsfm¶pw ]dtb−, hnizkn¨Xnv tijw n§Ä Im^nÀ (Ahnizmkn) Bbn Ignªncn¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 9: 65þ66). L#l|kijsr egj|cj)k'f[ Qgk dkE[G éTc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk' ele;ê :dk'k, ak|+p[r~j su egj|cj)k'fk; dkE[G fs', L#l|kijsRy :u[ ِ 56ِ - LH-fGzJ~[ iH-fG|J~jH LH~lrj |cR :)juf[î 1ñ19 rÙGî 36, c|J|[ LH-wlajL[ LH~lrjî 3ñ233, L|[ap[î 4ñ403, CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 229 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 230. éDkG:R cod[f*X, |pJc[, p{<[mlÔ*X fkm*juisuê egj|cj)k'fk; dkE[G éTc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk' ele;ê fs'. akdxjH ijigj& ]sf(jhk; Q'jsr egj|cj&lH fs' akqkiR dlgU*sxuk; egj|cj&fjr[ fk#Ualdk'k. akrlEjDkdX éTc[hlajsh demijCIlcjdXê ak|+p[r~j suuk;, cI|l~jdsxuk; Qgj)H egj|cj)kduk!luj, LS/lqln[ akdxjH KÓgj& DkG:R cod[f; éfO~î 65-66ê L#l|k Ty)juf[. Tc[hlajsRy ]sf(jhk; Qgk dlgUs egj|cj)kdulsn(jH akqkiR dlgU*sxuk; egj|cj&fjr[ fk#Ualdk'k, L#l|kijsRy fO|Jp[ é]dfIjêsr dxjul)k'iG L#l|ki#lsf :glPj)s/mk' agj&kSeluisg ér~jalG, QOhjul)X, wly;, pjiUd#kdX, ~j;~;… fkm*juisuê a|fIs/mkk'kà L*jsruk=iSglm[ fO|Jp[ dHej)kduk;, CjG)[ ijSglPj)kduk; svu[flH : YeS~lPr YeiGrsuk; LiG egj|cj)kduk;, dxjul)kduk; sv$k'k. L#l|k Lfln[ eyuk'f[î .(42-41:‫ن‬ ‫)ا‬ ""ns¶ AhÀ ImWpt¼mÄ ns¶ Hcp ]cnlmk ]m{Xam¡ns¡m−v, "AÃmlp ZqXmbn ntbmKn¨ncn¡p¶Xv ChsbmtWm?' F¶v tNmZn¡pI am{Xambncn¡pw AhÀ sN¿p¶Xv. ½psS ssZh§fpsS Imcy¯n mw £atbmsS Dd¨pn¶n«nsæn Ahbn n¶v Ch³ (apl½Zv ) s½ sXän¨pIfbm³ CSbmIpambncp¶p (F¶pw AhÀ ]dªp.)'' (JpÀB³ 25: 41, 42). CjG)[ é~j;~ - wly :glPrê sv$gkf[ t'[ LiSglm[ ak|+p[r~j KeSpCj&S/lX LiG r~j su egj|cj&k, akC[gj)kdsx é~j;~ - wly :glPdsgê fO|JpjSh)[ éL#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)hjSh)[ê Ênj&S/lX YeilvdRalG ij@[@jdxk;, iqjejq&igk; Y>lÔØlgk; :sn'k; eyÉ[ Lisg :SÊej)kduk!luj, LSflsml/; : akC[gj)kdX é~j;~ - wly :glPdGê CjG)jsr a|fIiH)gj)kduk; svu[fkà T*sruk= YeiGrjH CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 230 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 231. ]Gs/mk'isg é~j;~ - wly :glPdsgê T'k; rak)[ dlnlik'fln[. fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcjSh)[ éL#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)hjSh)[ê Ênj)k'isg LiG egj|cj)kduk; dxjul)kduk; sv$k'Sflsml/; fs' LiG CjG)[ sv$kduk; sv$k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (165 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphnv ]pdsabpÅhsc Ahv ka³amcm¡p¶ (Bcm[y·mcm¡p¶) Nne BfpIfp−v. AÃmlpsh kvtln¡p¶Xv t]mse Cu BfpIÄ Ahscbpw (AhcpsS Bcm[y·mscbpw) kvtln¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 165). :sg(jhk; L#l|kijsr T<[ms/mk'fkSelsh aËlsgsu(jhk; T<[ms/mkdulsn(jH LiR dlEjG éLijCIlcjê :dk'k, L#l|kijr[ Si!juk= T<[mik;, L#l|kijSrlsml/ak= T<[mik; f+jH fJG&luk; iUfUlc; K!lujgj)n;. D~ykdsx :glPj)k'iG é~j;~ - wly :glPdGê aËk= fO|JpjH Lmjuky&[ ijCIcj)kduk;, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kduk; sv$k'isg egj|cj)kduk;, L#l|kijsr domlsf CkelGC)lgluj cIJdgj&isg ér~jalG, QOhjul)X, wly;, pjiUd#kdX, ~j;~;… fkm*juisuê a|fIiH)gj)kduk; sv$k'kà LfkSelsh Lg)lG L#l|kijsRy SegjH uSF<[m; d= cfU; sv$kilR ulsflgk amjukaj#ligk;, Ligksm éCkelGC)lgluê ssCDjsRy éwlyjsRyê SegjH cfU; sv$kilR tsÔ'j#l >uikaln[ dlnj)k'f[àà a|fIiH)gj)s/M ssCDjsRy ak'jShl LS`|jsRy D~yjShl, aËki# D~ykdxjHrjs'l K= c|luSfM; éTc[fjzlcê glYfjujsh LÔUulajH L#l|kijSrlmk= YelGÒrSu)lX zknak=fluj LiG dgkfk'kàà LfkSelsh fs' uFlGÒ fO|JpjSh)[ éL#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)hjSh)[ê igk'isg dxjul)kduk; sv$k'kà :glPr)k= e=jdsx Tigjsh >ogjeÊ; :xkdxk; Liznj)kduk;, simjukduk; sv$kSÙlX aD[~ydsxuk;, wly*sxuk; >;zjdoMkduk;, Liu[)[ LajfaluYelPlrU; rHdkduk; sv$k'kà Tsf#l; fs' L#l|kijsruk;, LisRy Yeilvdsruk;, L#l|kijsRy :ukdsx CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 231 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 232. éDkG:R cod[f*X, |pJc[, p{<[mlÔ*X fkm*juisuê egj|cj)hk;, CjG)jsr é~j;~ - wly :glPrsuê a|fIiH)gj)hkaln[. Tfln[ T'[ D~G :glPj)k'igjH rak)[ dlnlrlik'f[. TO egj|lc; g![ goejhln[î Q'[î iUd[falu egj|lc;î Lisg/Ëjuln[ rl; akdxjH KÓgj& éfO~î 65-66ê cod[f; Ty*juf[. ÞTisgSelsh >;zjuluj ijCkÓ DkG:R elglun; sv$k'isg B*X d!jMj#, iuyjsr éLFil >Ên;ê domkfH T<[ms/mkduk;, domkfH dxi[ eyukduk;, ukÓ; rm)kSÙlX ejÔjgjSÉlmkduk; sv$k'iglnjiG.ß t'ln[ LiG eyÉ egj|lc;à TfkSelsh eh goejhk; ijCIlcjdsx LiG egj|cj)kduk!luj. aËk vjhG eyÉf[î ããrj*xksm af; LÖl; afaldk'kàää vjhG eyÉf[î ããrj*xksm af; ]Ëik; SalCalu afaln[àää aËk vjhG rØdHej)kduk;, fjØijSglPj)kduk; sv$k'isg d!lH egj|lc goejH eyuk;î ããTc[hl;af)lG rj*xjSh)[ i'jgj)k'kàß T*sr tÑjulshlmk*l :SÊe*xk;, egj|lc*xk;, egj|lc vjgjuk; t#l; rak)[ T'k; dlnlik'fln[. TO DkG:R cod[f; éfO~î 65-66ê Ty*kilR dlgnalu egj|lcS)lX dlAjrU; domju egj|lcik; rak)[ TO doMjH dlnlik'fln[àà g![î LiUd[falu egj|lc;î Tf[ dgdlnldmhldk'kàà Kpl|gnalujî dÑksdl!k= :;zU egj|lc; édNekgjddX KuGjuk; flq[juk; dlnj&k= egj|lc;ê, rli[ ekyS)jMk dlnj)k' éegj|lc;ê, vk!kdX vhj/j)k' éegj|lc;ê, ijCkÓ DkG:R elglun; sv$kSÙlSql, ck'[ eAj)kSÙlSql, rØdHej)kSÙlSql fjØ ijSglPj)kSÙlSql ssdsdl![ rk=jSrlij)k' éegj|lc;ê fkm*jui TfjH 57 seMfln[àà TfkSelsh vjhulxkdX eyulyk![î ããTc[hl; Tgkefl; roËl!jr[ Sulwj&f#, ayj&[ aPUroËl!jr[ Sulwj&fln[àää ããTc[hl; ejÔjgj/rk;, ejS'lM[ ihj)k'fkaln[àää LfkSelsh ããCjÊuksmuk;, ijPjrm/l)k'fjsRyuk; dlgUjH Tc[hl; .409/‫ی : ص‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ -57 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 232 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 233. dlAjrU; rjyÉfk; - >Jfjs/mkk'fkaln[àß Þc[YfJdxksm LidlC*sx rjS<Pj&[ Lisx SYpl|j& afaln[àß Þijil| Salvrik;, ~|k>lgUfIik; Lrkipj& afaln[ Tc[hl; t' egj|lc;…ää fkm*ju Tg; :Sglen*X ehfk; eyuk'igk![à aËkvjhG eyuk'f[ï ãã:Pkrjd rjua*X sdl!k= ijPjrm/jhl)H Tc[hlajsh ijPjSu)lX Kaaln[àää t'ln[. L*jsr Qgkelm[ :Sglen*X rak)[ dlnlrlik;. fO|JpjSh)[ éL#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)hjSh)[ê Ênj)kduk;, D~ykdsxuk; wly*sxuk; :glPj)k'fjsr tfjG)kduk; sv$k'isg c;~r[Pj&[ eyuk'f[î ããLiG ãfJYiilpjädxln[, akc[hJ;*X)jmujH >j'j/k!l)k'igln[àää Ls#(jHî ããTiR ãi|[|l~jä :n[, Ls#(jH LÖl; ap[|~kdlgrln[…ää fkm*ju Qgkelm[ egj|lc*X eyuk'igk![. Tsf#l; fs' Tc[hlajsruk;, LfjsRy :xkdSxuk; egj|cj)hk;, uFlGÒ ijCIlcs vJ eyuhkaln[. ‫ةإ‬ ‫لو‬ ‫ و‬éCd[fjuk; Yefleik; L#l|kijr#lsf T#ê. LfkSelsh fs' YeilvdR uksm ck'kdX wJijfjH edGk'isg egj|cj)k'igkak![à flmjixGk'isg dkyj&[ eyuk;î ããTc[hl; Sgla*xjh#àää ér~jvgUYedlg; sBgjulnjuksm akdxjH ic[Yf; Pgj)k'fjsrî ããajrj c[SdGM[ää t'k eyÉk; vjhG egj|cj)k'kààê t'j*sr Qgkelm[ egj|lc*X… T*jsr rJ![ Seldk'k dlgU*X… éQlSglgkgk; fsRy ijCIlcs cIu; egSClPj)sMààê. * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 233 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 234. L#l|kijsRy rjua;sdl!#lsf ijPj rm/jhl)H ésv$k'igksm Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kàê L#l|kijH ijCIcj)kduk;, L#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)kduk; sv$k'fjsRy Lmjc[Flr rj~r[Pruln[ L#l|kijsRy éTc[hlajdê rjua*X L;zJdgj&ksdl![ Lfjr[ dJsqlfk*j c;f{e[fjs/M[ wJij)H éDkG:R 4î 65 Srl)kdê. LFil, afegaluj tsÔ(jhk; >j'fdX Tc[hlajd Yec[flirdxjShl, éEf[idxjshlê, Tc[hlajd Lrk<[Alr dG+*xjShl, Tc[hlajd ijCIlc*xjShl K!ldkSÙlqk;ï LfkSelsh, é>Ofjd ij<u*xjshê fG)*xlu gd[f; vjÔhjsRysul, cÙjsRysul asËl dlgU*xjH K!ldkSÙlqk; : YeC[r*xjH akqkirk; fJG/[ dH/j)kilR ijCkÓ DkG:rjshuk;, fjgkck'jsh é|pJcjshêuk; rUluijPjuln[ rl; ejReSË!f[. dlgn; L#l|kiln[ :fUÔjdalu ésfËkeËl, LrUoraluê rUluijPjdGli[, LisRyf[ fs'uldk'k :fUÔjd rUluijPjuk;. Lfksdl!kfs' L#l|k Ty)ju rjua*X éDkG:rk;, |pJck;ê sdl!ln[ ijPj rm/jhlS)!f[. ijPjSfmk'igk; L#l|kijsRy Yzr[F;sdl!k;, YeilvdsRy fjgkck'[ sdl!k; éDkG:rk;, |pJck; sdl!k;ê ijPjrm/jhl)kilR :iCUs/mkduk; svS$!fk![. éTc[hlajd gl<[Ymjsh ijPj rm/jhl)k'ê >gndGl)xksm ~lPUfdsx dkyj&[ L#l|k eyuk'kî (58 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""hnizknt¨Â¸n¡s¸« "Aam¯v'IÄ (AÃmlphnm tNmZyw sN¿s¸Sp¶ Imcy§Ä) AhbpsS AhIminIÄ¡v n§Ä sImSp¯p ho«Wsa¶pw, P§Ä¡nSbn n§Ä CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 234 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 235. hn[nIÂ]n¡pI BsW¦n oXntbmsS hn[nI¸n¡Wsa¶pw AÃmlp n§tfmSv IÂ]n¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 58). LfkSelsh, Yewdxksm ~lPUfdsx dkyj&[ L#l|k eyuk'kî (59 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""kXyhnizmknItf, n§Ä AÃmlpsh Apkcn¡pI. (AÃmlphnsâ) ZqXsbpw (JpÀBpw, lZokpw Apkcn¡pI), n§fn n¶pÅ (apkvenw) ssIImcyIÀ¯m¡sfbpw Apkcn¡pI. Cn hà Imcy¯nepw n§Ä¡nSbn `n¶n¸p−mIpIbmsW¦n n§fXv AÃmlphnte¡pw dkqente¡pw (JpÀBnte¡pw, lZoknte¡pw þ oXntbmsS hn[nI¸n¡phm³) aS¡pI. n§Ä AÃmlphnepw A´yZn¯nepw hnizkn¡p¶psh¦n (AXmWv th−Xv.) AXmWv D¯ahpw IqSpX Ã]cyhkmapÅXpw.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 59). L#l|k Ty)ju rUluijPj éDkG:rk;, |pJck;ê sdl!#lsf ijPj rm/jhl)k'fjsr dkyj&[ L#l|k éfl)Jfksvu[fkê eyuk'kî . . . . CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 235 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 236. . .(65-60 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n¡v AhXcn¸n¡s¸«Xnepw (JpÀBnepw, lZoknepw) n¡v ap¼v AhXcn¸n¡s¸«Xnepw X§Ä hnizkn¨ncn¡p¶p F¶v PÂ]n¡p¶ Hcp Iq«sc (I]ShnizmknIsf) o I−ntÃ? "XmKq¯v'IfpsS (AÃmlp AhXcn¸n¨Xv sIm−ÃmsX hn[n S¯p¶hcpsS, ZpÀaqÀ¯nIfpsS) ASpt¯¡v (AhcpsS {]iv ]cnlmc¯npÅ) hn[ntXSnt¸mImmWv AhÀ Dt±in¡p¶Xv. hmkvXh¯n "XmKq¯v'Isf Ahnizkn¡phmmWv AhÀ IÂ]n¡s¸«n«pÅXv. ]nimNv Ahsc _lpZqcw hgnsXän¡phm³ Dt±in¡p¶p. AÃmlp AhXcn¸n¨Xnte¡pw (Ahsâ) ZqXnte¡pw (JpÀBnte¡pw, lZoknte¡pw) n§Ä hcq F¶v AhtcmSv ]dbs¸«m B apm^nJpIÄ (Ckvemanse I]ShnizmknIÄ) ns¶ hn«v ]msS ]n´ncnªv t]mIp¶Xv n¡v ImWmw. F¶m kz´w ssIIÄ sNbvXv sh¨Xnsâ ^eambn AhÀ¡v hà B]¯pw _m[n¡pIbpw, A´cw AhÀ nsâ ASp¯v h¶v AÃmlphnsâ t]cn kXyw sNbvXv sIm−v R§Ä ³abpw ApcRvPhpaÃmsX asäm¶pw Dt±in¨ncp¶nà F¶v ]dbpIbpw sN¿pt¼mgpÅ kvYnXn F§sbmbncn¡pw? (I]ShnizmknIfmb) A¯c¡mcpsS aÊpIfn F´mWpÅsX¶v AÃmlphn¶dnbmw. BIbm (_ntb! Ahcn hn[n S¸m¡msX) Ahsc hn«v XncnªpIfbpI. AhÀ¡v kZp]tZiw ÂIpIbpw, AhcpsS aÊn X«p¶ hm¡v (AYhm, AÃmlphn hnizkn¡pI, AÃmlphnpam{Xw Bcm[IÄ AÀ¸n¡pI, Ahsâ IåIÄ Apkcn¡pI, Ahsâ in£sb ]än `b¡pI XpS§nb Imcy§Ä) AhtcmSv ]dbpIbpw sN¿pI. AÃmlphnsâ D¯chv {]Imcw Apkcn¡s¸Sphm³ th−nbÃmsX mw Hcp ZqXs (_nsb)bpw Ab¨n«nÃ. AhÀ (I]ShnizmknIÄ) AhtcmSv Xs¶ A{Iaw {]hÀ¯n¨t¸mÄ (_ntb) nsâ ASp¡Â AhÀ hcnIbpw, F¶n«hÀ AÃmlphntmSv ]m]tamNw CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 236 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 237. tXSpIbpw, AhÀ¡pth−n dkqepw (_n bpw) ]m]tamNw tXSpIbpw sNbvXncp¶psh¦n AÃmlpsh Gsd ]ivNm¯m]w kzoIcn¡p¶hpw, (am¸v ÂIp¶hpw,) ImcpWyapÅhpambn AhÀ Is−¯pambncp¶p. CÃ, nsâ dºv(AÃmlp) Xs¶bmWv kXyw; AhÀ¡nSbn `n¶Xbp−mb Imcy¯n AhÀ ns¶ hn[nIÀ¯mhm¡pIbpw, o (_n ) hn[nIÂ]n¨Xns¸än ]n¶oShcpsS aÊpIfn Hcp hnjahpw tXm¶mXncn¡pIbpw, AXv ]qÀ®ambn k½Xn¨v Apkcn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xphsc AhÀ hnizmknIfmhpIbnÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 60þ65). YeilvdR uksm rjua; éDkG:rk;, |pJck;ê sdl![ ijPj rm/jhl)lisguk;, Lf[ f{e[fjs/mlisguk;, Lf[ cIJdgj)lisguk; c;~r[Pj&[ L#l|k TO cod[f*xjH cfU; svu[fksdl![ eyukduln[î ÞLiG ijCIlcjdX :dj# t'[àß LfkSelsh L#l|kijsRy ijPjsdl!#lsf ijPj)k'iG dlEjykdxln[, LYdajdxln[, ElcjDkdxln[ t'kaln[ L#l|k eyuk'f[î (44 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlp AhXcn¸n¨v X¶Xv (JpÀBpw, lZokpw) Apkcn¨v BÀ hn[n¡p¶nÃtbm AhÀ Xs¶bmIp¶p Im^ndpIÄ (hfsc XcwXmgv¶hcmb AhnizmknIÄ, ImcWw AhÀ AÃmlphnsâ nbaw {]mhÀ¯nIw B¡m¯hcmWv).'' (JpÀB³ 5: 44). (45 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlp AhXcn¸n¨Xv (JpÀBpw, lZokpw) Apkcn¨v BÀ hn[n¡p¶nÃtbm AhÀ Xs¶bmWv A{IanIÄ (A[mÀ½nIÀ, _nw_ Bcm[IÀ).'' (JpÀB³ 5: 45). (47 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlp AhXcn¸n¨Xv (JpÀBpw, lZokpw) Apkcn¨v BÀ hn[n¡p¶nÃtbm AhÀ Xs¶bmIp¶p ^mknJpIÄ (AÃmlphntmSv ApkcWt¡Sv ImWn¡p¶hÀ, nba[n¡mcn).'' (JpÀB³ 5: 47). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 237 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 238. L#l|kijsRy rjua*Xsdl![ ijPj)hk;, : rjua*Xsdl![ ijPj :iCUs/mhk; LfUliCUalsn'[ TO cod[f*X eAj/j)k'k. en[}jfØlG)jmujhk= Tw[fj|lpJ ézSi<nê ij<u*xjhk; ijPjeySu!f[ YeilvdsRy ck'[ Lrkcgj&lujgj)n;, ijCkÓ DkG:rk; fjgkck'k; covj/j)k' dlgU*X alYfSa en[}jfØlgjH rj'[ Selhk; cIJdgj)kilR elmk=o. LfjH éijCkÓDkG:rk; fjgkck'k; covj/j)k' rjua*X cIJdgj)k'fjHê ap[|~J é|rEj, ClEjTO, alhj)j, |Ùhjê eÊelfjfI; elmj#, en[}jfØlSglmk= éLr[Paluê ijSPufIik; elmj#. iUd[fjegalu YeC[r*xjH alYfa#, t#l éYeC[r*xjhk;ê, fG)*xjhk;, akqkiR LidlC*xjhk; ijCkÓ DkG:rk; fjgkck'k; covj/j)k' rjuaaln[ rl; fJG/kdH/j)kilR cIJdgjS)!f[. t'lH, vjh gl<[Ym*X ããTc[hlajd;ää t'[ eyulyk![, t'lH LiG)[ Lrkdohalu dlgU*X éLigksm iqjSdmjsr tfjG)lf[ê alYfaln[ LiG Tc[hlajHrj'[ éijCkÓDkG:rjHrj'k; fjgkck'jHrj'k;ê cIJdgj)lyk=f[àà LiG)[ Lrkdoha#li LiG KSeÊj)kduk; sv$k'kà. Tc[hl; t'lH t#lrjua*xk; KXs)l!fln[, Lf[ éLrkdohaluf[ tmkk;, Yefjdohaluf[ KSeÊj&k;ê iJf; si)kilR elmj#. éL*jsr svu[flH Lf[ Tc[hlaldj#àê L#l|k eyuk'kî (208 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""kXyhnizmknItf, n§Ä "Im^v^'bmbn (JpÀBpw, lZokpw Apkcn¨v AYhm, CkvemwaX¯nse FÃm nba§fpw imkIfpw Apkcn¨p sIm−v) Ckveman {]thin¡pI.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 208). (85 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n§Ä InXm_nse (JpÀBnse) Nne `mK§Ä hnizkn¡pIbpw aäp NneXv XÅn¡fbpIbpamtWm?'' (JpÀB³ 2: 85). ap[|~kdsxuk;, ér~j uksm dlhj#lê ekfju YeS~lPr gJfjdsxuk; ejReËk'iG Ligksm afSrfl)Ralgksm L>jYelu*sxuk;, KÓgnjdsxuk; ijCkÓ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 238 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 239. DkG:rjSh)k;, fjgkck'jSh)k; SvGkSrl)kduk; - Li g!jSrlmk; Sulwj)k'ksi(jH cIJdgj)kduk;, ijSulwj)k'ksi(jH ulsflgk c;Cuik; domlsf f=j)xukduk; é|pJckdX cIJdgj)kduk;ê svS$!fk![. YeSfUdj&[ Tc[hlajd ijCIlcjsRy dlgUjH. ap[|~jsRy TalakalG - ‫ا‬ ‫ - ر‬TO dlgU; fs'uln[ cao|s 58 KnGjujgk'fk;. Tfln[ Ligksmsu#l; ap[|~[. 58 - mep aZvl_o CamapIfpw ]dªXv: _n bpsS lZokpIÄ ]n³]äphm³ aZvl_pIÄ hnSpI F¶mIp¶p! (1) Camw A_qlo^þdlnalp AÃmlp (l^n aZvl_v) ]dªp: (63 /1 : ‫ا ﺵ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫)ا‬ .“ ” ""lZokv kzlolv (icn) Bbn h¶mÂ, AXmWv Fsâ (Camw A_qlo^bpsS) aZvl_v.'' (C_vp B_nZo³ AÂlminb: 1/63, ssiJv kzmenlp ^pÃmn CuJmfp lnaan t]Pv: 62) ‫“ . )ا‬ ‫آ ا‬ ‫وﺥ ا ﺱ ل‬ ‫آ با‬ ‫ی‬ ‫”إذا‬ (50 .‫ا ی ظ ص‬ ""AÃmlphnsâ {KÙ¯npw (JpÀ-Bpw), dkqen sâ lZoknpw FXncmbn Hcphm¡v Rm³ (Camw A_qlo^) ]dªmÂ, Fsâ hm¡ns n§Ä hn«pIfbpI.'' (ssiJv kzmenlp ^pÃmn CuJmfp lnaan t]Pv: 50). (2) Camw amenIv C_vp Akvþdlnalp AÃmlp (amenIn aZvl_v) ]dªp: ‫و‬ ‫ب وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ وا‬ ‫رأی‬ ‫وا‬ ‫أﺥ وأﺹ‬ ‫”إ أ‬ ( 32 / 2 : ‫ا ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ “. )ا‬ ‫ی ا ا ب وا‬ ‫وآ ﻡ‬ ""nivNbambpw, Rmsmcp apjy³ am{XamWv. Fn¡v sXäv (A_²w)]äpw, icnbmhpIbpw sN¿pw. AXnm Fsâ A`n{]mb§fnte¡v tm¡pI; (AXnÂ) InXm_pw kp¶¯pambn (JpÀ-Bnpw lZoknpw) tbmPn¨phcp¶sXs´m, AXv n§Ä kzoIcn¡pI; InXm_pw kp¶¯pambn tbmPn¨phcm¯Xv n§Ä CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 239 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 240. hn«pIfbpIbpw (AhKWn¨pIfbpIbpw) (C_vp sN¿pI.'' A_vZn AÂþ_Àdv PmanD _bmp CÂan: 2/32, ssiJvkzmenlp ^pÃmn CuJmfp lnaan t]Pv: 72). (3) Camw im^nCuþdlnalp AÃmlp (im^nCu aZvl_v) ]dªp: ‫اﻡ‬ ‫ود‬ ‫رﺱ ل ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺥ ف ﺱ رﺱ ل ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫”إذا و‬ ‫ل أ “ . )ا وي‬ ‫اإ‬ ‫(و‬ ‫ه )ﺱ رﺱ ل ا‬ ” : ‫روای‬ ‫“. و‬ .(63 / 1 ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ""Fsâ (Camw im^nCubpsS) {KvY§fn dkq sâ Ncys¡Xncmbn hÃXpw n§Ä Is−¯pIbmsW¦nÂ, dkq sâ NcybpsS ASnkvYm¯n n§Ä kwkmcn¡pI. Rm³ ]dªXv AhKWn¡pIbpw sN¿pI.'' (AÂaPvaqAv 1/63 Camw hhn, A ClvXnPmPp _nivim^nCu 8/2 JXo_v, Z½p Ieman 3/47/1  ldhn). .“ ” (63 / 1 ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ص. 001، ا وي‬ ‫)ا‬ ""lZokv (dkq sâ Ncy) kzlolv Bbn h¶mÂ, AXmWv Fsâ (Camw im^nCubpsS) aZvl_v.'' (AÂaPvaqAv 1/63 Camw hhn, ssiJv kzmenlp ^pÃmn CuJmfp lnaan t]Pv: 100). ‫أو‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺥ ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ، ‫”آ ﻡ‬ .(2 / 9 / 15 ‫ﺹ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و “. )ا‬ ""Rm³ ]dbp¶h, Fsâ (Camw im^nCubpsS) hm¡pIÄ¡v FXncmbn _n bn n¶pw (kzlolmbn) lZokv h¶mÂ, _n bpsS lZoknmWv ap³KW. At¸mÄ n§Ä Fs¶ (Camw im^nCubpsS aZvl_v) AÔambn ApIcn¡cpXv (XJveoZv sN¿cpXv)'' (C_vp Akm¡nÀ, icnbmb ]c¼c þ kzlolmb kZv: 15/9/2). (4) Camw AlvaZp_vpl¼Â þ dlnalp AÅmlp (l¼en aZvl_v) ]dªp: ‫و ا ري، وﺥ ﻡ‬ ‫و ا وزا‬ ‫و ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫و‬ ” .(302 / 2 ‫ما‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أﺥ وا“. )ا‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 240 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 241. Tfjsrfjgluj :glSnl YeiGj)k'f[ LiG : Talakdsx é|rEj, ClEjTO, alhj)j, |Ùhj ap[|~kdXê ejReËk'ig# éPj)gj)k'igln[àê. LiG : TalakdxjSh)[ é|rEj, ClEjTO, alhj)j, |Ùhj ap[|~[ t'[ê SvG[ eyuk'ksi(jhk;, éLiG iqjSdmjhldk'kêà L*jsruk=isg éLFil, Lr[Paluj Talakdsxuk;, en[}jfØlsguk;, ap[|~k; ejReËk'isgê c;~r[Pj&ln[ L#l|k eyuk'f[î .(31 : ‫)ا‬ ""AhÀ AhcpsS ]ÞnX·mscbpw ]ptcmlnX·mscbpw aÀbansâ aImb akolns (Cukm _n sb)bpw AÃmlphnv ]pdsa d-ºpIÄ (ssZhw, ssZhnI nba§Ä kz´w CÑ-¡-p-krXw amänadn¨v ldmans lemepw lemens ldmapw B¡p¶hsc dºnamÀ þ ]ptcmlnX·mÀ þ ]WvVnX·mÀ) Bbn kzoIcn¨p. F¶m GIssZhs¯ (AÃmlphns am{Xw) Bcm[n¡m³ am{Xambncp¶p AhÀ (AÃmlphnmÂ) IÂ]n¡s¸«ncp¶Xv. "emCemlþCÃmþlph' Bcm[¡v AÀlmbn AhÃmsX (AÃmlphÃmsX) bmsXmcp ssZhhpanà þ (bmsXm¶panÃ) . AhÀ ""n§sfs¶ XJveoZv (aX¯n Av[amb ApIcWw) sN¿cpXv. AXpt]mseXs¶ (aäp ]ÞnX³amcmb) (Camw) amenInssbm, (Camw) im^nCusbsbm, (Camw) HukmCusbsbm, (Camw) Yucnsbsbm, (Camw A_qlo^sbsbm aämscsb¦neptam) n§Ä Zonsâ Imcy¯n XJveoZv (AÔamb ApIcWw) sN¿cpXv. AhÀ FhnsS n¶pw FSp¯pthm AhnsSn¶v (JpÀ- BnÂn¶pw lZoknÂn¶pw) Xs¶ n§fpw FSp¡pI' (C_vp Pukn AÂamJn_n t]Pv: 192). (C¯cw {]kvXmhIÄ hfsc A[nIap−v, hniZoIcW¯nv ssiJv AÂ_mnbpsS "kzn^¯pkzem¯v' F¶ {KÙw t]. 41þ51, aIvX_v AÂþaBcn^v 1424 tm¡pI). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 241 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 242. ]¦ptNÀ¡p¶Xn n¶v Ah³ (AÃmlp) F{Xtbm ]cnip²³ (kp_vlmlp)!'' (JpÀ-B³ 9: 31). TO cod[f; ssYdc[fiG)[ alYf; YeSfUdalujMk=f#, ayj&[ :sg#l; Ligksm : YeiGr; éLFilî DkG:rk; |pJck; iUd[faluj eAj/j)k' afdlgU*X fMj)xÉ[ |rEj, ClEjTO, alhj)j, |Ùhj fkm*ju ap[|~kdX ejReËk'igk;, LfkSelsh chEjíL|[sh|pJckdlgjH rj'k; iqjsfËj DkG:rk; |pJck; Qqjil)j afdlgU*xjH SpS|v[Vdsx ejReËk'igk; Liclr rlXisgê sv$k'kSil Lisg#l; TO cod[fjH KXs)l=k'fln[à L#l|kik; LisRy YeilvdR uk; dHej&fjr[ ijegJfaluj afdlgU*xjH :glSnl wr*X)jmujH éL#l|kijsRyuk; LisRy YeilvdR uksmuk; rjua*x#lsfê aËki#igksmuk; rjua*X)rkcgj&[ ijPjrm/jhl)k'f[, LfkSelsh afdlgU*xjH fsRy T<[m; rm/jhl)kilrk;, fsRy KS`CU; eoGJdgj)kilrkaluj L*jsruk= éLFil, L#l|kijsRyuk; LisRy YeilvdR uksmuk; rjua*x#lsfuk=ê ijPjdX rm/jhl)kilR :iCUs/mk'f[, LirjH rj'[ Tc[hlajsRyuk; fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcjsRyuk; ~r[P; LqjÉ[ Selujgj)k'kà LiR akL[ajR éCgjulu akc[hj; ijCIlcjê :sn'[ cIu; ilpj&lhk; Cgjà : ilp; L#l|k fs' rjS<Pj)k'f[ dlnkdî (60 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n¡v AhXcn¸n¡s¸«Xnepw (JpÀB³) n¡v ap¼v AhXcn¸n¡s¸«Xnepw (Xudm¯v, C©oÂ… XpS§nbhbnÂ) X§Ä hnizkn¨ncn¡p¶p F¶v hmZn¡p¶ Hcp Iq«sc (I]ShnizmknIsf þ apm^nJpIsf) o I−ntÃ? XmKq¯pIfpsS (hymP ssZhw, ssZhnI nba§Ä kz´w CÑ¡-p-krXw -amänadn¡p¶ ]ptcmlnX·mcpsS) ASpt¯¡v hn[ntXSnt¸mIphmmWv AhÀ Dt±in¡p¶Xv. hmkvXh¯n XmKp¯pIfn (B hymP ssZh§fnÂ, ssZhnI nba§Ä kz´w CÑ-¡-p-krXw -amänadn¡p¶ ]WvVnX·mcn þ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 242 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 243. ]ptcmlnX·mcnÂ) Ahnizkn¡phmmWv AhÀ IÂ]n¡s¸«n«pÅXv. ]nimNv Ahsc _lpZqcw hgnsXän¡phm³ Dt±in¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 60). TO cod[fjH ‫ن‬ ‫ - ی‬LiG ilpj)k'k éLiG DkG:rjH ijCIcj)k'k t'[ ilpj)k'kê t' ep; dkyj)k'f[ LiG)[ éDkG:rjHê ijCIlcaj# t'ln[. TO ep; clPlgnuluj KeSulzj)k'f[ T#ldlgU; Ks!'[ dxi[ eyÉ[ ilpj)k'fjsr dkyj)kilrln[. Lfjsr Q'kdomj c[Flej)kduln[ LSf :ujsh flsq igk' ivr;î (60 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""XmKq¯pIfpsS (hymP ssZhw, ssZhnI nba§Ä kz´w CÑ-¡-p-krXw -amänadn¡p¶ ]ptcmlnX·mcpsS) ASpt¯¡v (AhcpsS XÀ¡{]iv§fpsS) hn[ntXSnt¸mIphmmWv AhÀ Dt±in¡p¶Xv. hmkvXh¯n XmKq¯pIfn (hymP ssZh§fnÂ, ssZhnI nba§Ä kz´w CNvO-¡-p-krXw- amänadn¡p¶ ]WvVnX·mcnÂ) Ahnizkn¡phmmWv AhÀ IÂ]n¡s¸«n«pÅXv.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 60). TO DkG:R cod[fjH KO'j eyuk'f[ flzojH ésspijd rjua*X cIÔ; Tv[V)rkcgj&[ alËjayj)k' en[}jfØlgjhk;, L#l|kijsRy rjua;î DkG:rk;, |pJck; sdl!#lsf afijPjrmk' akqkiR iUd[fjdxjhk;ê LijCIcjS)!f[ fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcjsRy akDUalu >lzalsn'ldk'k. Lfkfs'uln[ coy[ LH~Dyujsh flsqigk' cod[fjhk; dkyj)k'f[. TO ulFlGÒU; :g[ L;zJdgj)k'j#Sul LiR Qgk aki|[|jp[ éL#l|kijsr alYf; :glPj)k'iR, Qgk Cgjulu akc[hj;ê :uj fJgkduj#àà t#l cH)G+*xk; L#l|kij(H cIJdlgUaldk'fjrk= Lmjc[Flr rj~r[Pruln[ fO|JpjH ijCIcj)H, TfjsRy L>lilH cH)G+*X akqkirk; elqlujSeldk'fln[àà Lfln[ L#l|k flsq igk' cod[fjH ijCpal)k'f[î (256 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 243 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 244. ""BIbm GsXmcmÄ XmKq¯pIsf (ssZhnI nba§Ä kz´w CÑ-¡-p-krXw -amänadn¡p¶ ]ÞnX·mcn Ahnizkn¡pIbpw, Asæn hymP ssZh§fnepw, _nw_§sf þ Huenbm¡sf þ _namsc, ac§sf, IÃpIsf… Bcm[n¡p¶XnÂ) Ahnizkn¡pIbpw AÃmlphn hnizkn¡pIbpw (apÉnambn AÃmlpsh am{Xw Bcm[n¡pIbpw) sN¿p¶pthm Ah³ ]nSn¨n«pÅXv _eapÅ Hcp IbdnemIp¶p. AXv s]m«nt]mIpItb CÃ.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 256). afdlgU*xjH L#l|kijsRy rjuaa#lf[ sdl![ ijPj)k' Qgkir[ ijCIlc; éTOalRê T#l t'ldk'k, LfkSelsh L#l|kijsRy rjua; sdl![ ijPjrm/jhl)H ijCIlc; éTOalRê :dk'k t'fkaln[. QlSgl akc[hjak; L#l|kijsRy rjua*X sdl![ ijPj)H é:glPruksm Tr*xjHs/Mfln[ê, Lfjhosm L#l|kijsr :glPj)hk; rjG^r[Paln[. wr*X)[ ]Ëik; Sulwj&fk;, rjG>ufIjr[ LrjilgUikalsn' dlgn; Q'ksdl![ alYf; L#l|kijsRy rjua;sdl![ ijPj)lR elmj#, ehulxkdxk; TO Qgk iC; alYfaln[ Srl)k'f[. t'lH L#l|kijsRy rjua;sdl![ ijPj)k'fjsRy Q'las zkn; Tf[ :glPruksm Qgk Tr; :sn'f[ ehulxkdxk; ay)kduln[ sv$k'f[àà Lfksdl![ fs' fsRy rØ)[ Si!j éalYf;ê L#l|kijsRy rjau*X sdl![ ijPj rm/jhl)kduk;, Lfjhosm L#l|kijsr :glPj)lfjgj)kduk; éLFil, LfjH :glPr)k= KS`Caj#lfjgj)kduk;ê sv$k'fjsr L#l|k :SÊej)k'f[ Srl)kdî (48،49 :‫)ا ر‬ ""AhÀ¡nSbn hn[nI¸n¡p¶Xnmbn AÃmlphnte¡pw Ahsâ dkqente¡pw (JpÀBnte¡pw, lZoknte¡pw) AhÀ hnfn¡s¸«m At¸mgXm Ahcn Hcp hn`mKw XncnªpIfbp¶p. ymbw AhÀ¡v ApIqeamsW¦ntem AhÀ At±l¯nsâ (dkq bpsS) ASpt¯¡v hnt[bXzt¯mSpIqSn hcnIbpw sN¿pw.'' (JqÀB³ 24: 48þ49). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 244 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 245. TO cod[fjH eyuk'f[î LiG)[ Lrkdohak= dlgU*xjH L#lsf LiG L#l|kijsRy rjua; egjznj)kduj# t'k;, Ligksm f'j<[m*X)[ tfjglu dlgU*xjH L#l|kijsRy rjua; sdl![ ijPj rm/jhl)k'fjHrj'[ LiG ejÔjgjukduk; sv$k'k t'kaldk'k. Tfjrkdlgn; éL#l|kijsRy dHer Yedlg;ê YeilvdR rjuaal)ju L#l|kijsRy rjua; sdl![ ijPj)k'fjhosm L#l|kijsr LiG :glPj)k'j#, é:glPj)nsa'k= KS`Cikaj#ê t'fln[àà L#l|kijsRy rjua*X sdl!#lsf aËk rjua*Xsdl![ CgJLjH éTc[hlajHê ijPj rm/jhl)k'iSglmk= CjÊlijPjî L#l|k eyuk'kî .(44 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlp AhXcn¸n¨pX¶Xv (JpÀB³, _nNcy) Apkcn¨v BÀ hn[n¡p¶nÃtbm AhÀ Xs¶bmIp¶p Im^ndpIÄ (AhnizmknIÄ).'' (JqÀB³ 5: 44). TO cod[fjH eyuk'f[ L#l|kijsRy rjuaa#l aËk rjua;sdl![ :glSnl ijPj rm/jhl)k'f[ LiG dlEjykdX éLijCIlcjdXê :dk'k t'ln[. ijPj)k' goejrrkcgj&[ vjhS/lX Tc[hlajH rj'[ fs' ekykSeldk' ihju dkE[y[ :uj Tf[ fJgk'fln[, aËkvjhS/lX Tc[hlajsRy egjPjujH rj'[ eky[ Seldl svyju dkE[yluk; Tf[ fJgk'fln[. Lfluf[î QglX, L#l|kijsRy rjuaarkcgj&k= ijPj rm/jhl)H frj)[ rjG^r[P; T#, t'lH aË[ :iCUak=iG Lf[ rm/jhl)sMà t'[ ijCIcj)kdSul, Ls#(jH L#l|kijsRy rjuas egj|cj)kdSul, >Ofjd rjua*X L#l|kijsRy rjuajr[ fkhUSal, Ls#(jH LfjSr)lX Kaaluflsn'[ ijCIcj)kdSul, Lfs#(jH L#l|kijsRy ijPj TO dlh[ Sulwj&f# t'[ ijCIcj)kdSulï Ls#(jH demijCIlcjdsxuk;, LijCIlcjdsxuk; f{e[fjs/mkkilrluj aËkrjua*X sdl![ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 245 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 246. ijPj rm/jhl)kdSul svu[flH LiR Qgk dlEjG éLijCIlcjê :ujJgk'k. t'lH L#l|kijsRy rjua*X sdl![ ijPjrm/jhlS)!f[ LfUliCUalsn'[ QglX arÍjhl)j, t'jM[ flR svu[f sfËjrk= CjÊ cIJdgj)lsf L#l|kijsRy éTc[hlajdê rjuajHrj'[ LulX gÊs/sM(jhk;, flR CjÊ)[ LG|rlsn'[ LulX ijCIcj)k'ks!(jH Lf[ svyju dkE[G éLijCIlc;ê :dk'k, éLfksdl![ QglX Tc[hlajHrj'[ eky[ Seldk'j#ê. LfkSelsh, QglX éQgk DIlxj, w}[wj, en[}jfRê L#l|kijsRy éTc[hlajdê rjua; tÔlsn'[ egjSClPj&k, eSÊ, Lfjsr c;~r[Pj&[ Lyjij#lflikdSul, Ls#(jH : ijPjsu arÍjhl)lR LulX)[ dqjulfjgj)kdSul, Ls#(jH Tw[fj|lpjH éafzSi<njHê sfË[ eËkdSul svu[flH LiR sfË[ eËjuiR alYfaln[ éLf[ dkE[G - LijCIlc; L#ê, Tw[fj|lp[ éafzSi<n;ê rmjufjr[ Lir[ YefjEhak![, Lir[ sfË[ eËjuf[ 59 selyk)s/mk'fkaln[, Tf[ ijgxalujM[ alYfsa c;>ij)kduk=o. t'lH é>Ofjdalu iUd[fjrjuajhk;ê, selfkilu af rjuajhkak= ijPjujH iUfUlcak![. ssCDkH Tc[hl; T~[rkfJaj$È eyuk'kî60 ããQgk rUlulPjeR éDIlxj, w}[wj - en[}jfRê af S~lPak=irln[, eSÊ, Lyjij#lsf ijPjeyÉk éL*jsr Qgk rjgeglPj CjÊj)s/Mk, Ls#(jH Qgk dkËilxj gÊs/Mkê, t(jH : rUlulPjeR éDIlxj, w}[wj - en[}jfRê rgdlidlCjuln[. LfkSelsh rUlulPjeR Lyjik=irln[ eSÊ, LyjÉksdl![ L#l|kijsRy rjua*X)[ éDkG:rk;, |pJcjrk;ê tfjsg ijPj eyÉksi(jH Lirk; rgdlidlCjuln[. LfkSelsh, rUlulPjeR Lyjij#lirln[, L*jsr LulX LrJfjSulsm ijPj 59 .364-363 :‫و ص‬ ‫-ﺵ حا‬ .388/35 :‫- ﻡ ع ا وى‬ 60 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 246 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 247. eyÉlH LulX rgdjr[ domkfH LG|rldk'kà Tf[ iUd[fjrjuajH ijPj)k' ijPjuldk'k. t'lH, Tc[hlajd CgJLjH éafrjuajHê selfkilu Qgk ijPjuln[ ijPj)k'sf(jH LiR cfUs LcfUalujMk;, LcfUs cfUaluk;, ck'jsr ~jp[L[ éekfkfluj rjG+j)s/M pkGalGz;ê :uk;, ~jp[Ljsr ck'luk;, rØsu fjØuluk;, fjØsu rØuluk;, L#l|kik; LisRy ycoH uk; dHej&fjsr ijSglPj&fluk;, ijSglPj&fjsr dHej&fluk;… ijPj)kdulsn(jH Lf[ iUfUc[faln[, Ligksm TO dlgUjhk= ijPj rm/jhl)k'f[ ShldgÊjflik;, YeilvdRalgksm sspiik;, egShldjsRy Kmac[Frkalu L#l|kildk'k. :pUik; Liclrik; Lirldk'k c[fkfjdxDjhik;. .(88 : ‫)ا‬ ""Ah¶pÅXmWv (AÃmlphnpÅXmWv) hn[nIÀ¯rXzw. Ah¦te¡v Xs¶ n§Ä aS¡s¸SpIbpw sN¿pw.'' (JqÀB³ 28: 88). .(28 : ‫)ا‬ ""k³amÀKhpw kXyaXhpambn Xsâ dkqens ntbmKn¨Xv Ah³ (AÃmlp) BIp¶p. AXns (CÉmans) FÃmaX¯npw aosX DÂIrjvSambn sXfnbn¨p ImWn¡m³ th−n. FÃmänpw km£nbmbn«v AÃmlp Xs¶ aXn.'' (JqÀB³ 48: 28). ssCDkH Tc[hl; T~[rkfJaj$È éy|ja.ê fkmgk'kî ããafegalu dlgU*xjH L#l|k Lifgj/j& rjua*X éDkG:R, |pJc[ê sdl![ ijPj rm/jhlS)!fj# t'[ ijCIcj)k'iR Qgk dlEjG :dk'k t' dlgUjH c;Cuaj#. L#l|k Ty)ju rjua*sx ejReËlsf, rUlulPjeR éDIlxj, w}[wjê KS`Cj)k' rjua*X sdl![ wr*X)jmujH ijPj rm/jhl)H LrkiprJualsn'[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 247 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 248. ijCIcj)kdSul, L>jYelus/mkdSul sv$k'irk; Qgk dlEjG éLijCIlcjê :dk'k. rJfjujH LPj<[mjfalu ijPj rm/jhl)kilR L#l|kijrlH dH/j)s/MjMj#l Qgk cakpluik; T#, t'lH vjhS/lX vjh cakplu*xjH Ligksm Srfl)Ralgksm L>jYelualujgj)k; rJfjulujM[ znj)s/mkdà Tc[hlalsn'[ ilpj)k' >ogjeÊ; :xkdxk; éLyjij#lu[a aoh;ê T*sruln[ svu[f[ igk'f[àà L#l|kijsRy rjuaa#l rlMlvlg*X)[ Lrkcgj&ln[ afdlgU*xjH LiG ijPj rmk'f[î LFil, Ligksm akRfhakydX Lrk<[Aj&jgk' rlMlvlgijPjdX fkmG'[ Selgkduln[ LiG sv$k'f[à t'lH ijCkÓ DkG:rk; ck'k; sdl!# ijPjS)!f[, ayj&[ f*xksm L>jYelu*X sdl!k;, rjau*X sdl!k;, eoG%jdRalgjH rj'[ cIJdgj&jMk=i éLFil, rlMlvlg*Xê sdl!kaln[ ijPj rm/jhlS)!f[ t'ln[ Lrkcgj)s/mk' Srfl)RalG arÍjhl)jujgj)k'sf(jH Lfk; dkE[G :dk'k. akc[hJ*xlu >ogjeÊik; éafêijPj rm/jhl)k'f[ LiglH Lrkcgj)s/mk' Srfl)RalG dHej)k'fk;, roËl!kdxluj fkmG'[ Selgk'fkalu rlMlvlg*Xsdl!k; :dk'kà L#l|kijsRy rjua*X sdl!#lsf ijPj rm/jhl)lR elmj#lsu'[ LiG arÍjhl)julhk; Ligf[ wJijfjH edGkilR egjYCaj)k'j#à t'kalYfa#, L#l|k Lifgj/j)l rjua*X sdl![ afijPj rm/jhl)k'f[ LrkiprJualsn'k; LiG arÍjhl)k'k. T*sruk=igksmuk; ijPj akdxjH eyÉf[ édkE[Gê fs' 61 :dk'k.ää T~[rk fJaj$Èéy|ja.êuksm ilvd; Tijsm Liclrj)k'k. ssCD[ ak|+p[ T~[rk TY~l|j; :hkssCD[ eyuk'kî ãã ‫ آ دون آ‬éãdkE[y[ domlsfuk= dkE[yln[äê t'[ eyuk'fksdl![ KS`Cj)k'f[î flR sfËkdlgrlsn' ijCIlcSlsmuk;, L#l|kijsRy rjuaaln[ cfUsa' ijCIlcSlsmuk;, L#l|ki#ligksm rjua; sdl![ ijPj 61 . ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫-ﻡ جا‬ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 248 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 249. rm/jhl)H tS/lsq(jhk; Qgk YeliCUSal aSËl c;>ij)k'fjsruln[ édkE[y[ domlsfuk= dkE[y[ t'[ê eyuk'f[, Tf[ ihju dkE[y[ L#. t'lH L#l|kijsRy afrjua*xln[ Sulwj&fk;, rJfjujhPj<[mjf; t'k;, B*X)[ sfË[ eËjujgj)k'ksi'[ c+fj)kduk; sv$k'kï LSflsml/; ijPj rm/l)kilrluj ixsg YdaJdgnSlsm iUic[Flejfaluj cIÔ; rjua; rjG+j)kduk; sv$k'f[ Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk' 62 dkE[G éLijCIlc;ê :dk'k.ää :iGj&[ igl ijPjuk;, ClDlegalu vjh dlgUjsh ijPjuk;ï LfkSelsh akqkiR ijPjijh)kdxjhk;, Ls#(jH >ogjeÊ ijPjijh)kdxjhk; Lih;~jS)! selfkijPjuk; g!k; f+jH ssCD[ ak|+p[ T~[rk TY~l|j; éLS`|jsRy TO EfliujHê iUd[faluj SiGfjgj&jgj)k'k. LfkSelsh éakdxjH eyÉ ijPjdxjH Q'jhk; L#l|kijsRy rjua; YeliGjdal)lê TO dkE[G Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk' dkE[yk; :dk'k. dlgn; éTfjshl'k; L#l|kijsRy rjua; YeliGjdal)lsfê Tc[hlajd CgJLjsr érjua*sxê alËjsi&[, Lfjrkedg; ark<Ugksm rjua; rm/jhl)kduln[ LiGà Lfjhosm éLiG rjG+j&ê : rjua*xln[ Tc[hlajd CgJLjSr)lxk; érjua*sx)lxk;ê r#fk; - Sulwj&fk; t'[ LiG c[Flej)kdukaln[ sv$k'f[à Tf[ ihju dkE[yk; Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk'fk; :sn'fjH ulsflgk c;Cuikaj#, Tf[ fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcs rj<[Ehal)j ér<[ms/mkjê dxuk'fkaln[à ðTc[hlajd gl<[Yma#l ShldjsRy ]fk>lz[ :ujgk'lhk; akdxjH ijigj& afrjua*X saljhk;, >OfjddlgUYda rjua*X afjr[ tfjgldlsfuk; :dk'k :vgjS)!f[. cOpj LSy~Uuksm akE[fj ãEf[iî roykR Lh- pG~[äH eyÉkî ããLakc[hJ; glwUs >gnZmr éLFil, >OfjddlgUYda rjua*Xê Lrkcgj)lfjgk'lH, Lijsm YdacalPlr; K!ldj#, Kpl|gn;î ãQglX Lakc[hj; glwUs YmlEjd[ rjua; elhj)lsf il|r*X Qlmj&lH Ledm*X c;>ij&[ Lijsm YdacalPlr; r<[maldjs#?... ét'[ akE[fj Svlpj)k'kêää afjr[ tfjgs#(jH ]fk glwUjsRyuk; (289/12) ‫وا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ل اﺵ / أ‬ ‫إ اه‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی ا‬ - 62 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 249 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 250. >gnZmr éLFil, >OfjddlgUYda rjua*Xê LrkcgjS)!fln[ t'[ TfjH rj'k; arÍjhl)l;. éiji.êò. * * * rjuarjGalnlPjdlgik;, |hlH éLrkiprJu;ê, |yl; érj<jÓ;ê K!l)kilrk= LPjdlgik; éL#l|ki#liG)[ rHdk' akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kê. ark<UG)[ Ligksm :glPrdX)k;, >Ofjd rmemjYda*X)k;, fG)egj|lg*X)k; aËk akqkiR dlgU*X)k;… Tijsm rJfjrUlu; rm/jhl)kilrk= afrjua*X rjG+j)kilrk= LPjdlg; ark<Ugksm y^k;, aËk c{<[mjdxksmsu#l; c{<[mlik; éc;gÊdrk;ê :u L#l|kijr[ éalYf;ê :dk'k, L#l|k eyuk'kî (54 :‫اف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AdnbpI þ hmkvXh¯nÂ: "AÂþJÂJv'Dw (krjvSn¸pw), "AÂþAwdv'Dw (B[n]Xyhpw, BPvRbpw, imkm[nImchpw) Ah¶p (AÃmlphnv) Xs¶bmW.v temIc£nXmhmb AÃmlp alXz]qÀ®mbncn¡p¶p.'' (AAvdm^v: 54). ark<UG)[ t#lrjh)k; Cgjuluj Sulwj)k' rjua*X ]flsn'[ éLigksm arÍjsruk;, CgJgjsruk; c{<[mj&[ c;ijPlrj&[ c;gÊj)k'ê L#l|kijr[ alYfSa Lyjukduk=o, : rjua*X rjG+j)kdsu'f[ L#l|kijsRy yk~o~j$ÈujH éL#l|kijr[ alYf; LidlCs/Mî YeeÖjsRy c{<[mj/jhk;, gÊdGf{fIjhak= LPjdlgjHê KXs/mk'fldk'k. LfkSelsh : c{<[mlijrk= éL#l|kijrk=ê Lmjadxksm :glPruksm rj~r[Pruluj LiG : rjua*X CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 250 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 251. arÈc;f{e[fjSulsm cIJdgj)H rjG~r[Pikaldk'k. Tfjhosm YeSulwr; h>j)k'f[ LmjadX)[ éwr*X)[ê fs' :dk'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (59 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""kXyhnizmknItf, hà Imcy¯nepw n§Ä¡nSbn `n¶n¸p−mIpIbmsW¦n n§fXv AÃmlphnte¡pw Ahsâ dkqente¡pw (JpÀBnte¡pw, lZoknte¡pw XoÀ¸pI¸n¡m³) aS¡pI. n§Ä AÃmlphnepw, ]ctemI¯nepw hnizkn¡p¶psh¦n (AXmWv th−Xv) AXmWv D¯ahpw IqSpX à ]cyhkmapÅXpw.'' (JpÀB³ 4: 59). (10:‫رى‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n§Ä A`n{]mbhyXymk¡mcmbn«pÅXv GXv Imcy¯nemhs« AXn hn[n IÂ]n¡mpÅ AhImiw AÃmlphn¶mIp¶p. AhmWv Fsâ dºv (krjvSmhpw kwc£Ipw, A¶ZmXmhpw) Bb AÃmlp.'' (JpÀB³ 42: 10). LFil, afrjua; éCgJL[ê rjG+ln; L#l|kijsRy alYf; LidlC; :dk'k, Lf[ aËlGs)(jhk; rHdk'fjsr L#l|k ijSglPj)kduk; sv$k'kî (21 :‫رى‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AXÃ, AÃmlp AphZn¨n«nÃm¯ ("idAv' B¡m¯) Imcyw aXw Bbn AhÀ¡v nivNbn¨p sImSp¯ hà ]¦mfnIfpw (hymP ssZh§fpw) AÃmlphnsâ IqsS AhÀ¡pt−m?'' (JpÀB³ 42: 21). LFil, L#l|kijsRy afrjua; éCgJL[ê L#l i# CgJLk; :sg(jhk; cIJdgj)kdulsn(jH LiR L#l|kijhk= ijCIlcjH e([ - CjG)[ SvGjgj)k'k, LFil, L#l|kik; LisRy ycoH uk; rjuaal)l i# :glPrdxk; :sg(jhk; Lrk<[Aj)k'ksi(jH Lf[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 251 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 252. ~jp[L[ éekfkfluj rjG+j)s/M pkGalGz;ê :n[, t#l ~jp[Lk; iqjSdmkaldk'k. YeilvdR eyuk'kî ’: ” ،1718 : ‫ري: 7962، ﻡ‬ ) “.‘( : ) .(5970 : ‫ا ﻡ ا‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ""½psS C¡m-cy-¯n (CÉmw ZonÂ) AXn-en-Ãm¯ hÃXpw Bsc-¦n-epw ]pXp-Xmbn nÀ½n¨phn«m AXv XÅ-s¸-tS-−-XmWv (A-Yhm Ah kzoIm-cy-a-Ã).'' (_p-Jmcn: 2697, apÉnw: 1718, klolv AÂPmanAv AÂ_mn: 5970). asËlgk yjS/lGMjH K=f[ TYedlgaln[î ’: ” .(6398 : ‫ا ﻡ ا‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ،1718 : ‫)ﻡ‬ “.‘ ""½psS (_n- bpsS) Iev] D−m-bn-«n-Ãm¯ hà kÂIÀ½hpw Bsc¦nepw Ap-jvTn-¨m (XoÀ¨-bm-bpw) AXv XÅ-s¸-tS-−X-mIp¶p.'' (apÉnw: 1718, AÂ_mn klolv AÂPmanAv: 6397). LfkSelshfs', gl<[YmjsRy rmemjYda*xjhk;, fG)egj|lgjhk; wr*X)jmujH ijPjrm/l)k'fjrk; L#l|kik; LisRy ycoH uk; rjuaal)l dlgU*sx#l; flzojsRy éiUlwsspi*xksm, ssCu[flsRy, afrjua; cIÔ; Tv[V)rkcgj&[ alËjayj)k' en[}jfsRyê wl|jhj$lu éTc[hlajsRy akÙk= Lw[Bfuksmê ijPjuldk'kî (50 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Pmlnen¿¯nsâ (AnkvemanI amÀ¤¯nsâ) hn[nbmtWm AhÀ tXSp¶Xv? ZrVhnizmknIfmb P§Ä¡v CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 252 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 253. AÃmlpsh¡mÄ Ã hn[nIÀ¯mhv BcmWpÅXv?'' (JpÀB³ 5: 50). LfkSelsh, afjH |hlH éLrkiprJu;ê :)kilrk;, |yl; érj<jÓ;ê :)kilrkak= LidlC; L#l|kijr[ alYf; LidlCs/Mfldk'k. LfjH aËk=isg e([ - CjG)[ SvG ijCIlc; elmj#. L#l|k eyuk'kî (121 :‫م‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphnsâ maw (arK§sf Adp¡pt¼mÄ) D¨cn¡s¸Sm¯ (amwk)¯n n¶v (Hm hnizmknIsf,) n§Ä Xn¶cpXv. XoÀ¨bmbpw AXv A[À½w (Hcp ]m]hpw, AÃmlphntmSpÅ ApkcWt¡Spw) BIp¶p. n§tfmSv (AÂþabv¯x þ N¯Xns³d amwkw Xn¶phm³, AXv AphZobsa¶v hmZn¨v) XÀ¡n¡phm³ th−n ]nimNp¡Ä (apjycn n¶pÅ) AhcpsS an{X§Ä¡v XoÀ¨bmbpw ZpÀt_m[w ÂIns¡m−ncn¡pw. n§Ä Ahsc (C§s sNbvXv ldmans lemepw, lemens ldmapw B¡n ssibv¯msâ {]tNmZ¯m ZpÀhymJymn¡p¶ ]ÞnX·mscbpw, ]ptcmlnX·mscbpw, aXtXm¡·mscbpw) Apkcn¡p¶ ]£w XoÀ¨bmbpw n§Ä apivcn¡v (AÃmlphnsâ aXnba nÀ½mW A[nImc¯n inÀ¡v tNÀ¡p¶ hnizmkw DÅhÀ) Bbnt¸mIpw.'' (JpÀB³ 6: 121). TO cod[fjH eyuk'f[î L#l|k |yl; érj<jÓ;ê :)ju dlgU*X |hlH éLrkiprJu;ê :)kilR ejClvjsruk;, LisRy ark<UdoMlxjdSxuk; Lrkcgj)k'iG L#l|kijH e([ - CjG)[ SvG)k' ijCIlcaln[ cIJdgj&jgj)k'f[ t'ldk'kà LfkSelshs' éL#l|kijH e([ - CjG)[ SvG)k' ijCIlc;ê :n[î afen[}jfØlG Ligksm T<[mjrrkcgj&[ L#l|k |hlH éLrkiprJu;ê :)ju dlgU*X LiG |yl; érj<jÓ;ê :)kSÙlqk;ï L#l|k |yl; érj<jÓ;ê :)ju dlgU*X LiG |hlH éLrkiprJu;ê :)kSÙlqk; : afen[}jfØlsg LfjH Lrkcgj)k'fk;à CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 253 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 254. L*jsr éL#l|kijsRy alYf; LPjdlgjHs/M - L#l|kijsRy yk~o~j$ÈujhkXs/M afrjua rjG+lnlPjdlgjHê L#l|kijsr domlsf L*jsruk= en[}jfØlsg éLigksm Lrjc[hlajd - iUlw rja*Xs)l![ê e([ - CjG)[ SvG)k' ijCIlcaldk'k LiG cIJdgj)k'f[, Lfldk'k flsqigk' cod[fjH L#l|k eyuk'f[î (31 : ‫)ا‬ ""AhcpsS ]WvUnX·mscbpw ]ptcmlnX·mscbpw aÀbansâ aImb akolns (Cukm _n sb)bpw AÃmlphnv ]pdsa AhÀ d-ºpIÄ (ssZhw, ssZhnI nba§Ä kz´w CÑ-¡-p-krXw -amänadn¡p¶ dºnamÀ þ ]ptcmlnX·mÀ) Bbn kzoIcn¨p. F¶m GIssZhs¯ (AÃmlphns am{Xw) Bcm[n¡m³ am{Xambncp¶p AhÀ (AÃmlphnmÂ) IÂ]n¡s¸«ncp¶Xv. "emCemlþCÃmþlph' Bcm[¡v AÀlmbn AhÃmsX (AÃmlphÃmsX) bmsXmcp ssZhhpanà þ (bmsXm¶panÃ) . AhÀ Bcm[bn inÀ¡v þ ]¦p tNÀ¡p¶hcn n¶v Ah³ (AÃmlp) F{Xtbm ]cnip²³ (kp_vlmlp)!'' (JpÀ-B³ 9: 31). lZokv: ’: : ” : ‫)ا‬ ‘ ’: ‘ ’: .(31 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 254 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 255. : ‘. ’: ‘ “.‘ 63 ’ ""Hcn-¡Â _n "AhcpsS ]ÞnX³amscbpw ]ptcmlnX³amscbpw aÀbansâ aImb akolns (Cukm _n s)bpw AÃmlphnv ]pdsa AhÀ dºpIÄ (ssZhw, ssZhnI nba§Ä kz´w CÑ-¡-p-krXw amänadn¡p¶ d- ºnamÀ þ ]ptcmlnX·mÀ) Bbn kzoIcn¨p.' (JpÀ-B³ 9: 31), F¶ Cu JpÀ-B³ kqàw HmXn-b-t¸mÄ AZv¿v _n tbmSp ]dªp: "AhÀ (B Ir-kvXymn-IÄ) Ahsc (B ]ptcm-ln-X-·m- sc-bpw, ]ÞnX·m-sc-bpw) Bcm-[n-¨n-cp-¶nÃ' (F¶v), At¸mÄ _n ]dªp: "XoÀ¨-bmbpw AhÀ Bcm-[n¨p; F§nssb¶mÂ, AhÀ (B ]p-tcm-lnX·mcpw, d-ºnamcpw þ ]Þn-X-·mcpw) lem (AÃmlp A-p-h-Z-o-bam-¡n-bXv, AhcpsS kz´w CjvS-{]-Imcw) l-dmapw (n-jn²hpw); tsc adn¨pw B¡n-b-t¸mÄ AhÀ (B IrkvXym-n-IÄ) AXp kzoIcn¨p! AXp Xs¶-bmWv AhÀ¡pÅ (B ]ptcmlnX·mÀ¡pw, ]Þn-X-·mÀ¡p-ap-Å) Bcm-[ (AYhm, inÀ¡v).''64 TO cod[fjhk;, |pJcjhk; eyuk'f[î en[}jfØlG cIÔ; Tv[VYedlg; |hlH :)kSÙlqk; - |yl; :)kSÙlqk; : en[}jfØlsguk;, ekSgl|jfØlsguk; Lrkcgj)kd éLf[ cIJdgj)kdê t'f[ L#l|kijsr domlsf : en[}jfØlG)k; ekSgl|jfØlG)k; K= Qgk :glPruldk'k t'ln[, LFil Lsflgk CjG)[ :dk'kà Tf[î ‫إ ا‬ ‫ إ‬ðéuFlGÒjHê L#l|ki#lsf aËlgk; :glPr)G|R T#ò t' cfUclÊU ivrjsRy Lmjc[Flr c[f;>alu fO|Jpjsh ijCIlcs rj<[Ehal)j ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ى: 01/611، ا ﻡ ي: 5903 وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫36 - ا‬ .‫ﺱ ا ﻡ ي‬ ‫ﺹ‬ 64 - - ss_l-Jn Ip_vdm: 10/116, XnÀanZn: 3095, kzlolv XnÀa-nZn-bn AÂ_mn lk-m-¡n-b-Xv. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 255 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 256. dxuk' Qgk ihju CjG)[ :dk'kà. TO cfUclÊU ivrjsRy rj~r[PrujH seMfln[î afjH |hlH :)k'fk; - |yl; :)k'fk; L#l|kijsRy LidlCjH KXs/Mfldk'k t'[ ijCIcj)H. LfkSelsh, L#l|kijsRy CgJLjr[ érjuajr[ê ijegJfaluj |hlH :)k'fjhk;, |yl; :)k'fjhk; af en[}jfØlsguk;, ekSgl|jfØlsguk; Lrkcgj)H sfËlsn'[ arÍjhl)js)l![ :sg(jhk; LfjH Lisg Lrkcgj)kdulsn(jhk;, QgkeSÊ Lf[ LiG svu[f Tw[fj|lpjH ézSi<njHê c;>ij& sfËlujgj)k; - LiG)[ cfU; ]flsn'[ ds!lR clPj&jMj#lujgj)l; t'k; - LiG)fjr[ YefjEh; h>j)ksa'k; ijvlgj&[ Lisg ejReËkdulsn(jhk; Lf[ cfUclÊU ivr; ( ‫) إ إ ا‬ jsRy rj~r[Pr)[ tfjglujJgk'fln[à ejs' t*jsruln[ LijCIlcj édlEjGêdxk;, rjgJCIgilpjdxk; K!l)ju >Ofjd rjua*sx Lrkcgj)kduk;, Li Tc[hlajd gl<[Ym*xjSh)[ sdl!kigjduk;, LiG)jmujH Lisdl![ ijPjrm/jhl)kduk; sv$kd? ‫ةإ‬ ‫لو‬ édqjik;, Cd[fjuk; L#l|kijsrs)l!#lsfuj#ê. t'lH LijCIlcjdX édlEjykdXê L#l|kijsr domlsf éiUlwêy^kdxjH ijCIcj)kduk;, LiG)[ Si!j ijPjijh)kdX K!l)kduk;, |ylakdX |hlhl)kduk; éSrsg ayj&k;ê sv$k'k, wr*X)jmujH Lisdl![ ijPj rm/jhl)kduk; sv$k'kà * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 256 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 257. rjgJCIgilp Yec[Flr*X, wl|jhj$lÈ c;ZmrdX fkm*juiujH e(kSvgk'fjsRy ijPj éTf[ akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehal)k'kê. 1- rjgJCIgilp ésspi rjS<Pê Yec[Flr*Xî d+Uknjc[Ë[ Yec[Flr*X, aSffg Yec[Flr*X é>Ofjdilp Yec[Flr*Xê, akfhlxj iUic[Fl Yec[Flr*X fkm*ju LijCIlc Yec[Flr*xjH Svgk'iG, LiG éwØrlH akc[hjalufksdls!l asËlê Tc[hlajhlsn'[ ilpj&jgk'lhk; Cgj, LiG Tc[hlajH rj'k; ekykSeldk'fldk'k. Tf[ ihju rjElD[ édemijCIlc;ê :dk'k, akrlEjDkdX éTc[hlajsh demijCIlcjdXê Tc[hl; Yedmal)kduk;, LijCIlc; édkE[Gê ay&ksi)kduk; sv$k'k. Lisg c;~r[Pj&[ L#l|k eyuk'kî .(14 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""hnizmknIsf I−pap«pt¼mÄ AhÀ ]dbpw: "R§Ä hnizkn¨ncn¡p¶p' F¶v. AhÀ X§fpsS (Iq«mfnIfmb) ]nimNp¡fpsS (_nw_þPmd Bcm[IcpsS, I]ShnizmknIfpsS, ncoizchmZnIfpsS, I½}WnkväpImcpsS…) ASp¯v Xn¨mIpt¼mÄ AhtcmSv ]dbpw: "R§Ä n§tfmsSm¸w Xs¶bmIp¶p. R§Ä (Ahsc þ hnizmknIsf) Ifnbm¡pI am{Xambncp¶p'.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 14). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 257 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 258. .(141 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n§fpsS ØnXnKXnIÄ Däptm¡ns¡m−ncn¡p¶hcs{X AhÀ (I]ShnizmknIÄ). n§Ä¡v AÃmlphn¦Â n¶v Hcp hnPbw ssIh¶m AhÀ ]dbpw: "R§Ä n§fpsS IqsSbmbncp¶ntÃ' F¶v. Cn AhnizmknIÄ¡mWv hà t«hpap−mIp¶sX¦n AhÀ (I]ShnizmknIÄ) ]dbpw: "n§fpsS ta R§Ä B[n]Xyw (nb{´Wiàn) tSnbn«ntÃ, B hnizmknIfn (apÉo§fnÂ) n¶v n§sf R§Ä c£n¨ntÃ' F¶v.'' (nkmAv: 141). akrlEjDkdX éTc[hlajsh demijCIlcjdXê vfjuk; iÖruk; rmk'igln[, LiG)[ TgMakD*xlnk=f[, Qgk akDSlsm érØ L>jruj&[ê cfUijCIlcjdsx LiG L>jakDJdgj)kSÙlX, g!las akDikaluj éLrjc[hlajdf Yedmj/j&[ê LiG Ligksm doMlxjdxlu rjgJCIgilp Yec[Flr)lsguk; L>jakDJdgj)k'kà LiG)[ g!kfg; rlikdxkak![à Qgk rliksdl![ Tc[hl; érØ L>jruj&[ê ekykYedmal)kduk;, asË rli[sdl![ Lfjsrfjsguk=f[ érjgJCIgilp;, Lrjc[hlajdfê sixjil)kduk; sv$k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî .(14 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""hnizmknIsf I−pap«pt¼mÄ AhÀ ]dbpw: "R§Ä hnizkn¨ncn¡p¶p' F¶v. AhÀ X§fpsS (Iq«mfnIfmb) ]nimNp¡fpsS (I]ShnizmknIfpsS, ncoizchmZnIfpsS, I½}WnkväpImcpsS, _nw_þPmd Bcm[IcpsS…) ASp¯v Xn¨mIpt¼mÄ AhtcmSv ]dbpw: "R§Ä n§tfmsSm¸w Xs¶bmIp¶p. R§Ä (aähsc þ apÉo§f) Ifnbm¡pI am{Xambncp¶p'.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 14). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 258 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 259. TO cod[fjH eyuk'f[î L*jsruk=iG ijCkÓ DkG:rk;, fjgkck'k; ssdsimjukduk;, LfkejR/Ëk'isg egj|cj)kduk; - rjÕj)kduk;, DkG:rk; ck'kaldk' g![ i|[u[ épjiUcSÕC*Xê sdl![ ijPj)kilR ijc+fj)kduk; sv$k'k. L|(lgik;, fjØdxka#lsf ulsfl'k; fs' iGÓj/j)l Ligksmumkk= : Lyjiksdl![ LiG cSÔl<j)kduk;, pjiUcSÕCs éDkG:rk;, fjgkck'k;ê akyksd ejmj)k'isg tS/lqk; LiG egj|cj&[ sdlS!ujgj)k'fkaln[, L#l|k eyuk'kî (15 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""F¶m AÃmlphmIs«, Ahsc ]cnlkn¡pIbpw, AhcpsS AXncpIhn¨en (AXn{Ia§fn A´whn«v) hnlcn¡phm³ Ahsc Ab¨p hn«ncn¡pIbpamIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 15). t'lH, éL*jsruk=isg ijM[ê ijCIlcjdxksm c;ZjH SvgkilR L#l|k dHej)kduk; sv$k'kî (119 : ‫)ا‬ ""kXyhnizmknItf, n§Ä AÃmlpsh kq£n¡pIbpw, kXyhm³amcpsS (hm¡pIfnepw {]hÀ¯§fnepw kXyhnizmknIfmbhcpsS) Iq«¯n Bbncn¡pIbpw sN¿pI.'' (JpÀB³ 9: 119). t'lH, éTO cod[fjH eyÉ ijCIlcjdxksm alGÏa#l t#lê rjgJCIgilp Yec[Flr*xksm alGÏik; Ledmdgalu alGÏaln[, dlgn; Lmjc[Flrg|jfalu Lmjyujhln[ Lisu#l; c[Flejfalujgj)k'f[î d+Uknjc[Ë[ Yec[Flr*X c{<[mlijsr éL#l|kijsrê rjS<Pj)kduk;, sspijd af*sx rjgldgj)kduk; sv$k'kà Qgk ijCIlcik; domlsf wJij)kilrk;, CkÓYed{fjuksm LrjilgU rj~r[Prulu YelSulzjd vjÔsu éc{<[mlijH ijCIcj)Hê rjS<Pj)kilrk;, L*sr fsRy ~kÓjsu agij/j)k'fk; :gln[ f{e[fjs/mkd? aSffg Yec[Flr*X é>Ofjdilp Yec[Flr*Xê afs rjS<Pj)kduk;, Qgk SrGalGÏikaj#l >OfjdwJijf; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 259 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 260. alYf; hÊU;si)kduk;, a{zfkhUaluj érj<jÓik; - LrkiprJik; Srl)lsfî >Êj&k;, gfj&k;, ckDj&k;ê Tijsm wJij&[ wJijfjr[ Tsf#lsf Qgk hÊUikajs#'[ LiG ilpj)kduk; sv$k'kà akfhlxj iUic[F hÊUal)k'f[î |ylak; érj<jÓik;ê |hlhk; éLrkiprJik;ê egjznj)lsf, ulsflgk afrjuaik; egjznj)lsf cÙ[ SCDgj)kd t'fln[à pgjYpSglmk;, LzfjdSxlmk; ulsflgkijP LrkdÙuk; LiG dlnj)k'j#. sspiSlmk; YeilvdSrlmk; ukÓ; YeDUlej)k'Yfuk; zOgiak= érgdCjÊ h>j)k'ê elealu - glwU*sxuk;, clPlgn wr*sxuk; rlCjshj)k' - pgjYp cao|jsRy gd[f; KOËj)kmj)k'î ãehjCäujhln[ akfhlxj iUic[Fuksm cÙjsRy Lc[Fjilg; emkkuGjujgj)k'f[à TOalrjsRy Qgk svyju dnjdsu(jhk; LiSC<j)k' ~kÓjuk= :gln[ TO éakfhlxjê alGÏarkcgj&[ wJij)kilR :Yz|j)kd?à afik;, ~kÓjukaj#lsf wJij&[ sdl!jgj)k' TO wJijfjr[ Cgjulu Qgk hÊUikaj# é>Êj&k;, gfj&k; ckDj&k; K=f#lsfê t'[ ilpj)k'Sflsml/; LiG wJijfjr[ Si!j djmaHcg; rmkduk; sv$k'k. uFlGÒ afjH rj'[ Ldhkduk;, iqjSdmjhldkduk;, Qqk)jrrkcgj&[ wJij)kduk; svu[ffjrlHfs' LPjd Tc[hlajd glwU*xjhk; TO ejq& akfhlxj iUic[F Kmshmk)kduk; svu[fjgj)k'kà 2- wl|jhj$lÈ éTc[hlajr[ akÙk= Lw[BfSelhk= iqjSdmjsRyê af Yec[Flr;, SpCJu iGÏJuilp Yec[Flr; fkm*juiujH Svgk'f[ LijCIlcik;, Tc[hlajH rj'[ eky[ Seldk' dG+ik; :dk'k. dlgn; Tc[hl; iGÏJufsu rjgcj)kduk;, tfjG)kduk; sv$k'Sflsml/; wl|jhj$ÈjsRy Lr[PfSuuk; rjgldgj)k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî .(13 :‫ات‬ ‫)ا‬ ""tl, apjytc, XoÀ¨bmbpw n§sf mw Hcp BWn n¶pw Hcp s]®n n¶pambn krjvSn¨ncn¡p¶p. n§Ä CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 260 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 261. Atymyw Xncn¨dntb−Xnv n§sf mw hnhn[ kapZmb§fpw tKm{X§fpw B¡pIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p. XoÀ¨bmbpw AÃmlphnsâ ASp¯v n§fn Gähpw BZcWob³ n§fn Gähpw "XJvh' (ssZht¯mSpÅ `b`àn) ]men¡p¶hmIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 49: 13). r~j eyÉkî ’: ” ) 4935 : ‫ی ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داود: 1215، ﺽ‬ ‫أ‬ ‫)ﺱ‬ “.‘( .( ‫ا ﻡ ا‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ÞiGzJufujSh)[ Ênj)k'iR r+xjH éTc[hlajHê seMir#, iGzJuf)kSi!j ukÓ; sv$k'irk; r+jH éTc[hlajHê seMir#, iGzJuf)[Si!j agj&irk; r+jH éTc[hlajHê seMir#, iGzJuf)[Si!j Sdlej)k'irk; éTc[hlajHê r+jH seMir#.ß éckrR L~J pliop[î 5121, xTOE[ LH-wlajL[ r.î 4935H LH~lrj xTOE[ :)ju |pJc[ê. r~j iJ!k; eyÉkî ”: ) .(5482 : ‫ا ﻡ ا‬ ‫ا ﻡ ي: 5593، ﺹ‬ ‫)ﺱ‬ “.( Þwl|jhj$jsRy éTc[hlajrkakÙk= Lw[BfSelhk= iqjSdmjsRyê L|(lgik;, pkg>jalrik;, ejfla|Ølgjhosmuk= ésegka rmj&k=ê L|(lgik; L#l|k rj*xjH rj'[ Qqjil)jujgj)k'k, ark<UG fJG&uluk; ijCIlcjdxk; >u>d[fØlgksal, Ls#(jH L#l|kijsr Pj)gj)k'igk; LPlG+jdgksal :dk'k. wr*X t#l; :pajsRy cÔfjdxln[, :pajsr aÑjH rj'ln[ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 261 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 262. c{<[mj)s/Mjgj)k'f[. ðfD[i ésspi >u; - >d[fj, PlG+jdS~lP;ê sdl!#lsf éQgk Ly~j)k; Ly~ju#liSr)lX SYC<[mfuj# fs'ò.ß éfjGajpjî 3955, c|J|[ LH-wlajL[ LH~lrjî 5482ê. dÊjfIik;, eÊelfik; akc[hJ*sx éegc[eg;ê >j'j/j&jgj)k'kà t'lH Sulwj)kilrk;, fD[iujhk; é>u>d[fjujhk; - PlG+jd S~lPjhk;ê, eknUjhk; egc[eg; c|luj)kilrk; L#l|k dHej&jgj)kduk;, >j'fuk;, ij>lzJufuk; ijSglPj)kduk; svu[fjgj)k'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (103 :‫ان‬ ‫)ل‬ ""n§sfm¶n¨v AÃmlphnsâ Ibdn (JpÀBpw, lZokpw) apdpsI]nSn¡pI. n§Ä `n¶n¨v t]mIcpXv. n§Ä Atymyw i{Xp¡fmbncp¶t¸mÄ n§Ä¡v AÃmlp sNbvX Ap{Klw HmÀ¡pIbpw sN¿pI. Ah³ (AÃmlp) n§fpsS aÊpIÄ (CkvemaqsIm−v) ]ckv]cw Iq«nbnW¡n. A§s Ahsâ (AÃmlphnsâ) Ap{Kl¯m n§Ä (]ckv]cw CÉmanI hnizmk¯nse) ktlmZc§fmbn¯oÀ¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 3: 103). (103 :‫ان‬ ‫)ل‬ ""n§Ä AánIpÞ¯nsâ (cI¯nsâ) h¡nembncp¶p. F¶n«Xn n¶v n§sf Ah³ (AÃmlp) c£s¸Sp¯n. A{]Imcw AÃmlp Ahsâ Bb¯pIÄ (ZrjvSm´§Ä) n§Ä¡v hnhcn¨pXcp¶p; n§Ä tÀamÀ¤w {]m]n¡phm³ th−n.'' (JpÀB³ 3: 103). (cI¯nsâ h¡nÂn¶pw c£s¸Sp¶ B tÀamÀ¤w Xmsg hnhcn¡p¶p): akc[hJ*X Qgk dÊjulilrln[ L#l|k KS`Cj)k'f[, Lf[ ijwuj)k' éDkG:rk;, |pJck; c|l~jdX arÍjhl)ju alGÏik; - aR|w[w[ chEk; ejReËk'ê L#l|kijsRy elGMjuldlrldk'k échEjíL|[sh-|pJc[ê dH/j)s/Mf[. t'lH cl;c[dlgjdaluk;, gl<[YmJualuk; CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 262 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 263. uoSyleUR :vlg*X akc[hj;Shlds dS$yjuS/lX akc[hj;Shld; gd[fgoÊjfalu eÊelfjfIj'k;, dÊjfI*X)k; dJqm*j. L*jsr Tc[hl; KØohr; svu[f afdÊjfI>j'fdxk;, eÊelfjfIik;, ekrGw[wJij)s/Mk. wl|jh$È[ t'[ Tc[hl; ijxj)k' i;CJufsu LiG ekdq[fkduk;, LfjsRy akYplildU*X K!l)kduk; svu[fk. alYfika#, Li Tc[hlajSr)lX QO'jfUak=flsn'[ dgkfj LiG L|(gj)kduk; svu[fkà TO :vlgjrln[ Tc[hl; wl|jhj$[ t'[ rladgn; svu[fjMk=f[. L#l|k akc[hJ*X)[ LfjHrj'[ gÊs/mkilrk= Licg; éTc[hlajhosmê rHdkduk;, TO LrkYz|jr[ rÕj sv$kilR Lisg QlGaj/j)kduk; svu[fk. ekglfr wl|jhj$[ éLrjc[hlajd pkGalGz; - Lw[Bfê :dsM, :Pkd dlhs wl|jhj$[ :dsM Lfjsr c;~r[Pj&[ siykS/lmk;, SdleSlmk;, egjY>aSlmk; domju#lsf Qgk Tc[hlajd ijCIlcj QlG)kduj# t'f[ LisRy éCkÓêYed{fjujH seMfln[. wujH Salvjfrlu Qgk iUd[fj fsRy CjÊuksmuk;, rjÕUfuksmuk;, fmiyuksmuk; pjr*sx SiprSulsmuk;, egjY>aSlsmuka#lsf QlG)lykS!l?à agnjsRy emjilfjhjH tj)k' Sglz; ckDs/Mfjr[ SC<; flR Sglzjulu pjr*sx egjY>aSlsmuk;, akD; ijiGnalujMka#lsf QlG)lykS!l?65 L#l|kijsRy CgJLjsr Liznj)kduk;, afs rjS<Pj)kduk; svu[fiG)k= CjÊuln[ TO dÊjfIik;, eÊelfjfIik; t'[ arÍjhl)H LfUliCU; :dk'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî (65 :‫م‬ ‫)ا‬ ""]dbpI: n§fpsS apIÄ `mK¯v nt¶m, n§fpsS ImepIfpsS Nph«n nt¶m n§fpsS ta in£ Ab¡phm³, Asæn n§sf `n¶I£nIfm¡n Bib¡pg¸¯nem¡pIbpw, n§fn NneÀ¡v aäp NnecpsS .‫ا وي‬ ‫ا‬ ( ‫)ردة و أ‬ ‫- ﻡ رﺱ‬ 65 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 263 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 264. ]oUw Ap`hn¸n¡pIbpw sN¿m³ IgnhpÅhs{X Ah³.'' (JpÀB³ 6: 65). r~j eyuk'kî ’: ” .( ‫ا‬ ‫)و‬ “.‘ ( ) (4019 : ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ﻡ ، ﺱ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ 7978 : ‫ی ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫)ﺹ‬ ããLigksm Srfl)RalG L#l|kijsRy Yzr[Farkcgj&[ ijPjrmk'j# t(jhk;, éL#l|k Ty)jufksdl![ LrkYz|; Srmk'j# t(jhk;ê Ligksm ijekdX LiG)jmujH fs' rjSÊej)lfjgj)j#.ää éT~[rkalwÈî 4019, c|J|[ wlajL[ LH-L~lrjî 7978ê. dÊjfISlmk= eÊelfjfI; aËk=igjhk= cfU; rjgldgj)k'fjr[ dlgnaluj fJgk'fln[. u|opjdxksm Lic[F L*jsruln[, Lisg/Ëj L#l|k eyuk'kî (91 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlp AhXcn¸n¨Xn (thZ{KÙ¯nÂþJpÀBnÂ) n§Ä hnizkn¡q F¶v AhtcmSv ]dbs¸«mÂ, R§Ä¡v AhXoÀ®amb ktµi¯n (Xudm¯nÂ) R§Ä hnizkn¡p¶p−v F¶mWhÀ ]dbpI. AXn¸pdapÅXv AhÀ ntj[n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 91). Tc[hlajr[ akÙk= wl|jhj$lÈ dlhZMjsh wr*sx Selsh ycoH sdl!ki' cfUs eoG%ejfl)Sxlmk= Lr[Palu eÊelfjfI; dlgn; TiG éeÊelf)lGê rjgldgj)k'k, Lisg/Ëj L#l|k eyuk'kî (170 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlp AhXcn¸n¨Xv (JpÀBpw, lZokpw) ]n³]än n§Ä Pohn¡pI F¶v AhtcmSv Bsc¦nepw ]dªmÂ, AÃ, CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 264 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 265. R§fpsS ]nXm¡Ä kzoIcn¨Xmbn I−tX R§Ä ]n³]äpIbpÅq F¶mbncn¡pw AhÀ ]dbp¶Xv.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 170). L#l|k ark<Ucao|jr[ rHdju a|lu LrkYz|alu Tc[hlajr[ edg; LiG éeÊelf)lGê T*sruk= dÊjfIjsRyuk;, eÊelfjfIjsRyuk; :xkdX :dkilrln[ :Yz|j)k'f[à * * * >Ofjd ckDS>lz; alYf; hÊU;si&k= wJijfcjÓlÔ; éTc[hlajd ijCIlcs rjS<Pj)k'kàê wJijfjr[ sefkijH g!kfgjhk= iJÊn*xk![î Q'[î >OfjdckDS>lz; alYf; hÊU;si&k= wJijfcjÓlÔ; ðEh;î egShlds dxil)k' dkE[G - LijCIlc; éDkG:Rî 64î7 Srl)kdê, >ulrdalu LPlG+jd wJijf;, egShld CjÊ…ò. g![î Cgjulu wJijfcjÓlÔ; ðTc[hl;, calPlr cODU - PlG+jd - wJijf;, T|-egShld SalÊ; éDkG:Rî 64î7 Srl)kdêò. QlSgl wJijfcjÓlÔjrk; LfjSRyflu YefjEhr*X K![î Q'[î >Ofjd ckDS>lz; alYf; hÊU; si&k= wJijfcjÓlÔ;î sesM'k= éÊnjdaluê >Ofjd :cIlpr*X éckDS>lz*Xê dgc[Fal)kilR alYf; ark<UR vjÔj)kduk;, Lfjr[ Si!j alYf; YeiGj)kduk; sv$kd. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 265 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 266. LFil, egaliPj TO wJijfjH :cIpj)kd, Lfjr[ Si!j YeiGj)kd t'fjr/ky; ulsflgk hÊUik; :Yz|j)k'j#. Lfjhosm éegShld[ê frj)[ iglrjgj)k' :ekdX LiR egjznj)k'j#à ãegShld SalÊjrk= d{<jujm;ä :ujMln[ L#l|k >OfjdwJijf; rak)[ rHdjujMk=f[ t'[ LiG arÍjhl)k'j#à L#l|k TO Shlds, dG+*X)k= Licgak=fk;, egShlds YefjEhjrk= égÊ-CjÊ)k=ê Licgak=fk; :uj rjC[vuj&k. :glSnl éfjØ simjÉ[ê cHdG+*X sdl![ st|jd wJijfs PrUal)k'f[ Lir[ g!kShldk; hl>; h>Ualdk'k. :glSnl st|jd Shlds cHdG+*X Qqjil)j éfjØ svu[f[ê elql)k'f[ LiR egShldsuk; elql)kduln[ sv$k'f[. L#l|k eyuk'kî (11 : ‫)ا‬ ""CltemIhpw ]ctemIhpw Ah¶v jvSs¸«p. AXp Xs¶bmWv hyIvXamb jvSw.'' (JpÀB³ 22: 11). LfkSelsh, L#l|k TO Shlds c{<[mj&jMk=f[ siyksfu#, ayj&[ a|lu Qgk hÊUjr[ Si!juldk'k. L#l|k eyuk'kî .(2 : ‫)ا‬ ""n§fn BcmWv IqSpX ¶mbn (k¡À½§Ä) {]hÀ¯n¡p¶h³ F¶v ]co£n¡phm³ th−n acWhpw PohnXhpw krjvSn¨hmIp¶p Ah³.'' (JpÀB³ 67: 2). L#l|k iJ!k; eyuk'kî (7 : ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw `qapJ¯pÅXns mw AXnv Hcp Ae¦mcam¡nbncn¡p¶p. Ahcn (apjycnÂ) BcmWv (AÃmlphnsâ Xr]vXn¡pth−n, _n ImWn¨pX¶ amXrIbneqsS k¡À½§sfÃmw) Gähpw à nebn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xv F¶v mw (AÃmlp) ]co£n¡phm³ th−n.'' (JpÀB³ 18: 7). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 266 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 267. st|jdShld[ L#l|k Ênjdalu :cIlpr*xk;, cÙ[ cÔlr*X Yefle;, LPjdlg; fkm*juiujH t#l; Lh(lgik; - >;zjuk; f'jgj)k'k. LfkSelsh L#l|k alYf; Lyjuk' aËk cSÔl<*xk; Qgk)jujgj)k'k. t'lH LPjdalxkdxk; éakc[hJ*xk;ê Ênjdalu TO :cIlpr*xk;, ckD*xk; alYfaln[ hÊU; si)k'fk;, LfjrkSi!j alYfaln[ YeiGj)k'fk;. LiG egaliPj ckDj)kduk;, gaj)kduk; sv$kduln[à >Ofjd wJijfjsRy hÊU*X éfjØ simjÉ[ - cH)G+; YeiGj&[ wJij&[ egShld SalÊ; SrmHê LiR vjÔj)kdSul, TO wJijfjr[ SC<ak= egShld wJijfs c;~r[Pj&[ :Shlvj)kdSul sv$k'j#àà domlsf L*jsrsulgk egShld wJijf; Selhk; LiR rjS<Pj)kduln[ sv$k'f[à Lfln[ L#l|k eyuk'f[î (29 :‫م‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AhÀ ]dªncp¶p: "R§fpsS sFlnIPohnXaÃmsX bmsXm¶panà (asämcp PohnXhpanÃ). R§Ä (]pcp²mcWmfnÂ) DbnÀs¯gpt¶Â¸n¡s¸Sp¶hcpaà F¶v'.'' (JpÀB³ 6: 29). Tgjhk= st|jd wJijf; éalYf;ê hÊU;si)k' wJijf cjÓlÔjr[ tfjsg L#l|k rs+ fl)Jf[ rHdjujgj)k'kî . (8-7 : ‫)ی‬ ""s½ (AÃmlpsh) I−pap«pw F¶v {]Xo£n¡m¯hcpw, CltemI PohnXw sIm−v Xr]vXns¸SpIbpw, AXn k´pjvScmIpIbpw sNbvXhcpw, ½psS "Bb¯v'Isf (JpÀB³ ]dbp¶: kzÀ¤w, cIw, sXfnhpIÄ… Zrãm´§sf) ]än A{i²cmbn Ignbp¶hcpw Btcm, AhcpsS kt¦Xw cIw Xs¶bmIp¶p. AhÀ {]hÀ¯n¨p sIm−ncp¶Xnsâ ^eambn«s{X AXv.'' (JpÀB³ 10: 7þ8). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 267 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 268. . .(16-15 :‫)ه د‬ ""sFlnIPohnXs¯bpw AXnsâ Ae¦mcs¯bpamWv Bsc¦nepw Dt±in¡p¶sX¦n AhcpsS {]hÀ¯§Ä¡pÅ {]Xn^ew (AhbpsS Iqen) AhnsS (CltemI¯v) sh¨v AhÀ¡v mw ndthänsImSp¡p¶XmWv. AhÀ¡hnsS (CltemI¯pÅ {]Xn^e¯nÂ) bmsXmcp Ipdhpw hcp¯s¸SpIbnÃ. ]ctemI¯v ({]Xn^e¯nÂ) cIaÃmsX asäm¶pw In«mnÃm¯hcmIp¶p A¡q«À. AhÀ ChnsS (CltemI¯v) {]hÀ¯n¨Xv (k¡À½§Ä) FÃmw s]mfnªpt]mbncn¡p¶p. AhÀ sNbvXpsIm−ncn¡p¶ IÀ½§Ä FÃmw ^eiqyas{X.'' (JpÀB³ 11: 15, 16). TO cod[fjH iUd[falu fl)Jfk=f[î >Ofjd wJijfs siyk; ckDj)kilrk; gaj)kilrkak= Licgaluj dlnk'éakc[hJ*xjhk=êiG)[ :dk'kà YeSfUdj&[ cH)G+*X sdl![ YeCc[fjuk;, ShldalrUik; éLFil svyju CjG)[ê KS`Cj)k'iG)k;, érj$jH - KS`CUjH CjG)[ sv$k' iqjSdmjhlu akc[hJ*X)k;66ê, LfkSelsh 66 - n¿¯nse þ Dt±iy¯nse inÀ¡v: "idlv InXm_v AÂþXuloZv,' t]. 13þ14, ap¯hkzn¯v, 1424 ln. hnZym`ymk hIp¸v kuZn Btd_y {]kn²oIcn¨Xn ]dbp¶p: aqÉo§fpsS k¡À½§fpsS {]Xn^ew AhcpsS e£yhpw, Dt±iyhpw Apkcn¨ncn¡p¶p (Ah mev hn`mKamIp¶p): 1). H¶mas¯ hn`mKw: HcmÄ AÃmlphnsâ hPvlv (dnf, Xr]vXn) am{Xw AßmÀ°XtbmsS Dt±in¨v, Hcp "dnbmAv'Dw (temIamyhpw), AYhm Hcp (sNdnb) inÀ¡pw IqSmsX k¡À½§Ä sN¿p¶p, Ahv AÃmlphn n¶v apgph³ {]Xn^ehpw In«p¶p. 2) c−mas¯ hn`mKw: HcmÄ AÃmlphnsâ hPvlv (dnf, Xr]vXn) Dt±in¨v k¡À½§Ä sN¿p¶p, F¶n«v Ah³ Dt±in¡msX (e£yw sh¡msX) Xs¶ AbmÄ¡v `uXnI {]Xn^ehpw (i¼fw, Iqenbqw) In«p¶p; DZmlcWw: HcmÄ AÃmlphnsâ hgnbn AÃmlphnsâ hPvlv (dnf, Xr]vXn) Dt±in¨v PnlmZv þ bp²w sN¿p¶p, F¶n«v tXmhv bp²apX Hmlcnsh¨t¸mÄ At±l¯nv AXn CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 268 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 269. elgYfjd wJijfjr[ Si!juk= éYefjEh; cÙlpjS)!k'ê cH)G+*X st|jd wJijf; alYf; hÊU;si&[ LfjsRy ckDjrluj alYf; KeSulzs/mkk'iG)k;, LfkSelsh, >OfjdrjgJCIg Yec[Flr)lG)k;, d+Uonjc[ËkdlG)k;, akfhlxj cjÓlÔdG)k;, rlCdgalu éeÊelflH n¶v Fs´¦nepw ÂIp¶p, F¶mepw Ahv AÃmlphn n¶pÅ {]Xn^ehpw In«pw, F¶m apIfn H¶maXmbn kqNn¸n¨hsâ A{X {]Xn^ew In«p¶nÃ. 3). aq¶mas¯ hn`mKw: HcmÄ AÃmlphnsâ hPvlv (dnf, Xr]vXn) Dt±in¨v k¡À½§Ä sN¿p¶p, k¡À½w XpS§nbXnp tijw AXn "dnbmAv'Dw (temIamyhpw þ sNdnb inÀ¡pw) IS¶pIqSp¶p, F¦n AXnse temIamyw ("dnbmAv')sâ tXmXnv Apkcn¨v B k¡À½§fpsS {]Xn^ew Ahv Ipdbp¶p, (IpsS B "dnbmAv'pÅ þ sNdnb inÀ¡npÅ in£bpw D−mIpw!). 4). memas¯ hn`mKw: HcmÄ nkv¡mcw, Zm [À½w, ({]t_m[w, lÖv)… XpS§nb k¡À½§Ä AÃmlphnsâ hPvlv (dnf, Xr]vXn) Dt±in¡msX sN¿p¶p, AbmÄ AXv P§fpsS ]pIgv¯enpw, t]scSp¡enpw, Hcp DtZymKhpw `uXnI t«hpw F¶ e£y¯npw am{Xw B¡pt¼mÄ AXv Hcp inÀ¡n DÄs¸« IÀ½amIp¶p! (AXv "n¿¯nse þ Dt±iy¯nse inÀ¡v' BIp¶p, AYhm AÃmlphnsâ hPvlv þ dnf þ Xr]vXn Dt±in¡p¶Xn inÀ¡v tNÀ¡Â BIp¶p!). CXpsIm−v HcmfpsS k¡À½§Ä jvSs¸«v t]mIp¶XmWv! C§nsbpÅhsc Ipdn¨mWv Camw apÉnansâ lZokv . 1905þ hnhcn¡p¶Xv: AYhm: BZyambn cI¯n IS¡p¶hcpsS Iq«- ¯n DÄs¸« Hcp iloZmb (aX¯np th−n càkm£nbmb) BfpsSbpw, Hcp JpÀB³ ]Tn¸n¨ncp¶ A[ym]Isâbpw, Hcp [À½njvTsâbpw AhkvY, AhÀ AsXÃmw temIamyw ("dnbmAv')v th−n (sNdnb inÀ¡mbn) sNbvXXpsIm−v B k¡À½§sfÃmw AhÀ¡v jvSs¸«p! Nne ]WvUnX·mÀ Cu kqIvXw: ""sFlnIPohnX- s¯-bpw AXnsâ Ae¦mcs¯bpamWv Bsc¦nepw Dt±in¡p¶- sX¦n AhcpsS {]hÀ¯§Ä¡pÅ {]Xn^ew (AhbpsS Iqen) AhnsS (CltemI¯v) sh¨v AhÀ¡v mw ndthänsImSp¡p¶XmWv. AhÀ¡hnsS (CltemI¯v) bmsXmcp Ipdhpw hcp¯s¸SpIbnÃ. ]ctemI¯v cIaÃmsX asäm¶pw In«mnÃm¯hcmIp¶p A¡q«À. AhÀ ChnsS {]hÀ¯n¨Xv (k¡À½§Ä) FÃmw s]mfnªpt]m- bncn-¡p-¶p. AhÀ sNbvXpsIm−ncn¡p¶ IÀ½§Ä FÃmw ^eiqyas{X.'' (lqZv: 15, 16) F¶Xv C¯cw BfpIsf Ipdn¨v Cd§n- bXmsW¶v ]dªn«q−v. ("idlv InXm_v AÂþXuloZv,' t]. 13þ14, ap¯hkzn¯v, 1424 ln. hnZym`ymk hIp¸v kuZn Btd_y {]kn²oIcn¨Xv). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 269 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 270. |pJcjsr fMj)xuk'ê ap[|~kdlG)k;… fkm*j wl|jhj$lÈ dlhZMjShfkSelsh elgYfjdwJijfjhk;, egShld YefjEhjhk; ijCIcj)l LijCIlcjdX)k;, éTc[hl; pkG~hs/MiG)k;ê :dk'kà TiG wJijfjsRy YelPlrU; arÍjhl-)juj#, st|jd wJijfs a{z*sxSelsh, L#, LfjSr-)lX SalCalu goejH Srl)j dlnk'k. Ligksm ~kÓjsu Liznj)kduk;, Cd[fjsu pkGijrjSulz s/mkkduk;, cauSuk; :ukÍjsruk; elgYfjdwJijfjH Kedlgs/ml goejH pkGijrjSulzs/mkkduk;, LiG)[ fJG&uluk; K!ldk' Qgk elgYfjd wJijfjr[ Si!j Q'k; sv$lfjgj)kduk; sv$k'kà éa{z*sxSelsh wJij)k'kàê. t'lH, a{z*X)[ Qgk am)c[Fh; éelgYfjd wJijf;ê T#, Lf[ vjÔj)kilrk= ~kÓjuk; LiG)j#, t'lH akdxjH ijCpJdgj& ij>lz*X)[ TO dlgU*sx#l; évjÔj)kilrk= ~kÓjuk;, Lyjik;…ê K![. Lisg c;~r[Pj&[ L#l|k eyuk'kî (44 :‫ن‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AXÃ, Ahcn A[nI t]cpw tIÄ¡pItbm Nn´n¡p- Itbm sN¿psa¶v o hnNmcn¡p¶pt−m? AhÀ I¶pImenI- sft¸mse am{XamIp¶p. AÃ, AhcmIp¶p (I¶pImenIsf- ¡mÄ) IqSpX hgn]ng¨hÀ.'' (JpÀB³ 25: 44). st|jd wJijfs siyk; S>lzj)kilrk= Licgaluj d!iG)[ éuFlGÒ ijw[Blr;ê T#lsu'k; L#l|k eyuk'kî . (7-6 :‫)ا وم‬ ""AÃmlphnsâ hmKvZmas{X CXv. AÃmlp Ahsâ hmKvZmw ewLn¡pIbnÃ. ]s£ apjycn A[nIt]cpaXv aÊnem¡p¶nÃ. sFlnIPohnX¯n n¶v {]Xy£ambXv CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 270 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 271. AhÀ aÊnem¡p¶p. ]ctemIs¯¸änbmIs« AhÀ A{i²bn Xs¶bmIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 30: 6,7). ekfju d!kejmk*xjhk;, iUiclu*xjhk; LiG)[ rjeknfuk!lulhk; Cgj LiG éuFlGÒ ijwujrk= - egShld ijwujrk= ijw[Blr;ê T#l wl|jH éLw[BG, ij}[@jdX, ao@ØlGê :dk'k. LiG)[ Lyjiks!'[ eyus/mkilR LiG LG|g#, dlgn; Ligksm Lyji[ >Ofjdalu wJijfjr[ alYf; Keukd[falufln[. TO Lyji[ LegUle[falun[, LiG)[ SYC<[malu éCgjulu ijw[Blrak=iR t'ê TO ijSC<n; rHdkilR dqjuj#. ayj&[ L#l|kijsr Lyjukduk; Lisr >us/mkduk; sv$k'iG)ln[ ‫ء‬ ‫ ا‬éen[}jfRalG, w[Blrjê t'[eyukd. Lfln[ L#l|k eyuk'f[î (28 : ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlpsh `bs¸Sp¶Xv Ahsâ Zmk³amcn n¶v AdnhpÅhÀ am{XamIp¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 35: 28). st|jd ckDS>lz; alYf; hÊU;si&[ wJij)k' éakc[hJ*xjhk=êiG)[ Kpl|gnaluj L#l|k dlnj)k'f[ éaoclr~j su ejReËjujgk' Ligksm Qgk ~r[Pkik;, ej'Jm[ >OfjdSrM; LPjdgj&S/lX Li Cgjulu PlG+jd alGÏjH vjhiqj)lsf - Qgk LPlG+jdrk;, demijCIl- cjuk; :ujJG'67ê DlyoN t' éiqjSdmjhlu Qgk akc[hj;ê en)lgsr :dk'k, LS`|jr[ Qgkelm[ rjPjdX L#l|k rHdkduk!luj. Lfjsr c;~r[Pj&[ L#l|k eyuk'kî .(79 : ‫)ا‬ ""A§s Ah³ (Jmdq¬) Pa²y¯nte¡v BÀ`mS- t¯msS (s]m§¨t¯msS) Cd§n ]pds¸«p. sFlnIPohnXw e£yam¡p¶hÀ AXv I−n«v C{]Imcw ]dªp: "Jmdqv e`n¨Xv t]mepÅXv R§Ä¡pw D−mbncps¶¦n F{X 67 - ãfE[cJG Lalrj aOhijä, ilxU;-3, Se. 2461 éahulx;ê. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 271 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 272. ¶mbncpt¶s. XoÀ¨bmbpw Ah³ henb `mKyapÅh³ Xs¶!'' (JpÀB³ 28: 79). Dlyorjsr Selsh :dkilR LiG éLw[Bgk; iqjSdmjhluigkalu akc[hJ*xk;ê :Yz|j&k, LS`|jsRy :@;~gjH :Cj&k, >Ofjdalu ckDS>lzjH DlyoR cO>lzUilR t'[ LS`|s LiG ijSC<j/j)kduk; svu[fkà Tfkfs'uln[ T'[ LijCIlcjdxksm rlMjH rak)[ dlnkilR dqjuk'f[. LiG)[ clS(fjd ijpUuk;, iUiclu*xk; clÙjd ekSglzfjuk; K![, Tisg Srl)j akc[hJ*xjsh vjh pkG^hijCIlcjdX srmkiJG/jmkduk;, LH>kfs/mkduk; sv$k'kà t'lH LiG)k!ldk' rjÕUalu egUiclrs é>ulwrdalu elgYfjd wJijfsê c;~r[Pj&[ LiG vjÔj)k'j#à TO sfËlu >OfjdiJÊn; sdl!ln[ LiG é: pkG^hijCIlcjdXê LijCIlcjdsx éLigksm >Ofjd w[Blr; ijhujgkjê a|lRalG :)k'fk;, Lisg :pgj)k'fk;, Ligksm cI>li*xk; - rJv vgUdxk; wJijfjH edGk'fk;à t'lH Ligksm clS(fjd ijpUujhk;, Cd[fjujhk;, ekfju d!kejmkjhk;, iUi- clu*X K!l)kilrk= dqjikdxjhk;, rak)[ >Ofjdaluj Kedlgak= aËkdlgU*xjhk; LiG sv$k'f[ rl; sv$k'kaj#à t'lH, dqjikdxk; Cd[fjuk; Srmkilrln[ L#l|k eyuk'f[î (60 :‫ل‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n§fpsS IgnhnÂs]« FÃm iIvXnbpw (AÃmlphnsâ i{Xp- hn-pw n§fpsS i{Xphnpw FXnsc) Hcp¡pI.'' (JpÀB³ 8: 60). g![î Cgjulu wJijfcjÓlÔ; ðTc[hl;, calPlr cODU - PlG+jd - wJijf;, T|-egShld SalÊ; éDkG:R î 64î7 Srl)kdêòî elgYfjd wJijfjsh stCIgUjr[ Si!j fsRy >Ofjd dqjijsruk;, >Ofjd ij>i*sxuk;, LPjdlgsuk;, cÙjsruk;, wJijjsh akqkiR cauik; zknilu gJfjujH KeSulzdgal)juk= épJGZdlhê wJijfaln[ Cgjulu wJijfcjÓlÔ;. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 272 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 273. fJG&uluk; st|jd wJijf ij>i*X ekv[Vj)s/- Sm!f[ L#,68 Lf[ :cIpj)k'f[ :SÊelG|a#, ayj&[ 68 - sFlnIPohnXme¦mchpw Ckvemapw: JpÀB³: (131 : ) ""Ahcn (apjycnÂ) ]e hn`mK§Ä¡v mw sFlnI-PohnXm- e¦mcw (kpJt`mK§Ä) Ap`hn¸n¨Xnte¡v o (_n , hnizmknIÄ) nsâ ZrjvSnIÄ ]Xn¸n¨,v tamln¡cpXv. (ImcWw) AXneqsS mw Ahsc ]co£n¡m³ (Dt±in¡p¶p).'' (JpÀB³ 20: 131, & 15: 88). (7-6 : ‫)ا‬ . ""nÊwibw apjy³ "XzKm' Bbn (ssZh[n¡mcn, A[mÀ- ½nI³, Ahnizmkn, ]m]n… Bbn) Xocp¶p, (ImcWw, Ah³) Xs¶ "CkvXKv' Bbn ([nImbn þ kzbw ]cym]vXmbn þ hn`hkar²n DÅhmbn) I−XnmÂ.'' (JpÀB³ 96: 6þ7). lZokv: ( ) ’: ” (992 : ‫ري: 8041، ﻡ‬ ) “ .‘ ""A_qZÀdv bn n¶pw nthZw: _n ]dªp: "Fn¡v DlvZv aebpsS A{Xt¯mfw kzÀ®w e`n¨n«v, AXn n¶v ap¶v ZomÀ (Fsâ ISw ho«mpÅXv) HgnsIbpÅXv apgphpw AÃmlphnsâ amÀ¤¯n Zm[À½w sN¿msX kq£n¡p¶Xv Fn¡v (AXpt]mse kXyhnizmknIÄ¡pw) CjvSs¸SpIbnÃ!!. XoÀ¨bmbpw, Cu apjyÀ Nn´n¡p¶nÃ, AhÀ `uXnIhn`h§Ä hmcn¡q«n (AÃmlphnsâ amÀ¤¯n Zm[À½w sN¿msX) kw`cn¨psh¡pIbmWv!'.'' (_pJmcn: 1408, apkvenw: 992). `uXnI BVw_c¯n n¶pw hn«pn¶v kplvZv (AmVw_cw, anXhybw, anXkpJt`mKw) ApjvTn¨hcmbncp¶p: cmPmhpw þ ssZhZqXpw Bbncp¶ apl½Zv _n DÄs¸Sp¶ _namcpw, AXpt]mse apl½Zv _n bpsS klm_n Ifpw, `uXnI hn`h§Ä kar²nbmbn ÂIs¸«ncp¶ ZmhqZv _n , kpsseam³ CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 273 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 274. _n XpS§nbhÀ F¶v ap¡v Camw AlvaZnsâ "InXm_v AÂþkplvZv', ZmÀ AÂþInXm_v AÂþAd_n 1426 ln.  ImWmw! BVw_c¯nv icnbmb cq]¯n µn ImWn¡m¯Xv s]dnb Ip^vÀ (Ahnizmkw) BbXpsIm−pw, AXv Cuam³ (hnizmkw) Ipdbphm³ ImcWamIpw (hn. Jp. 27: 40) F¶Xnmepw BImw AhÀ A§ns amXrI ImWn¨Xv! lZokv: ""l^vkzv_np K¿mYv bn n¶pw nthZw: "Hcn¡Â Pm_nÀ _np A_vZp AÃmlv ssI¿n Cd¨nbpw Xq¡n¸nSn¨v DaÀ J¯m_v hnsâ AcnIneqsS IS¶p t]mIpIbmIp¶p, At¸mÄ DaÀ J¯m_v tNmZn¨p: "sl Pm_nÀ! CsX´m?', At±lw ]dªp: "CXv Rm³ CjvSs¸Sp¶ Cd¨n hm§nbXmWv', DaÀ ]dªp: "(CjvSs¸Sp¶ Cd¨n am{XamsWm hm§nbXv) AsXm, F´pXs¶ (hn`h§Ä) o CjvSs¸Sp¶Xpw hm§pIbmsWm? Fs´¶m ([w AÃmlphnsâ amÀ¤¯n Zm[À½w sN¿msX CjvSs¸Sp¶sX´pw hm§n kpJt`mKn¡p¶hÀ) Cu JpÀB³ kqà¯n kqNn¸n¨ (Xm¡oXv ÂIs¸«) Iq«cn DÄs¸Sqsam F¶v Rm³ (DaÀ J¯m_v ) `bs¸Sp¶p!: sFlnIPohnX¯n n§fpsS à hkvXp¡sfÃmw (k¡À½§fpsS {]Xn^e§sfÃmw) n§Ä ]mgm¡n¡fbpIbpw, n§Ä AhsIm−v (B {]Xn^e§Ä sIm−v sFlnIamb XmevImenI) kpJw Ap`hn¡pIbpw sNbvXp .'' (Camw AlvaZnsâ "InXm_v AÂþkplvZv', lZokv .: 653). lZokv: J¯mZx bn n¶pw nthZw: ""Hcp PpapAx JpXp_¡v DaÀ J¯m_v (cmjv{S¯eh³) sshIn h¶p… DaÀ J¯m_v JpXp_ XpS§n: "Rm³ £a tNmZn¡p¶p, Fn¡nt¸mÄ Cu Hcp Ip¸mbsa DÅp! AXv Ae¡n DW§p¶Xphsc Im¯qn¶p, AXnmemWv sshInbXv!'.'' (Camw AlvaZnsâ "InXm_v AÂþkplvZv', lZokv .: 655). lZokv: lpssZ^ bn n¶pw nthZw: ""[mcmfw P§Ä `£Ww (à sdm«nbpw, Cd¨nbpw) Ign¨psIm−ncn¡pt¼mÄ Hcn¡Â Rm³ DaÀ J¯m_v sb (cmjv{S¯ehs) ImWm³ t]mbn… At¸mÄ DaÀ J¯m_v Fs¶ {]tXyIw (At±l¯nsâ) `£W¯nv £Wn¨p… F¶m kp{]bn I− hn`h§Ä: ]cp¡³ sdm«nbpw, F®bpw (am{Xw!). (Fn¡v AXv`pXw tXm¶n k¦Shpw)… DaÀ J¯m_v ]dªp: "Fsâ IqsS Fsâ Blmcw (]cp¡³ sdm«nbpw F®bpw) Ign¡mmWv Xm¦sf £Wn¨Xv, CXmsWsâ Blmcw. AXmIs« s]mXpP§fpsS (s]mXpJPmhnse)Xpw'.'' (Camw AlvaZnsâ "InXm_v AÂþkplvZv', lZokv .: 640). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 274 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 275. ark<UsRy KeSulzs :YCuj&ldk'k Lf[ ekv[Vj)s/Sm!fk;ï YeC;cj)s/Sm!fk; :ujJgk'f[, éLajfiUuik;, LajfckDS>lzik;, LPlG+jdik; >Ofjd ckDS>lz; alYfik; hÊU; si&[ wJij)kilR :)kSÙlX Lf[ ekv[Vj)s/Sm!fk;ï ajfiUuik;, LrkiprJuik; - ajfikalu ckDS>lzik;, PlG+jdik; egShldSalÊjrk; Si!j wJij)kilR :)kSÙlX Lf[ YeC;cj)s/Sm!fk; :ujJgk'fln[ê. T|Shld; egShldS)k= elhik;, ulYfukaln[, TO ShldjH rj'ln[ cIGÏjSh)k= ij>i*X rl; K!lS)!f[, TO pkRulijH L#l|kijsr >us/M[ PlG+jdaluj wJij&iG)ln[ cIGzJu ckD*xjH YeSiCj)kilR clPj)kd. T|Shld; rac[dlg;, SrlÙ[ L#l|kijsRy alGÏjH en; vjhiqj)kd, L#l|kijsRy alGzjH wj|lp[ éL#l|kijsRy alGÏjhk= LÓIlr; - Tc[hlajd glwUjsRy dosmuk= ukÓ;-cag;ê sv$kd, rØsv$kilrk;, éfjØujHrj'[ ijMkrjH)kilrk;ê aHcgj)kd… fkm*juiuksm L(n; :dk'k. lZokv: lZokv: A_qsskZv AÂþJpZvcn bn n¶pw nthZw, ""_n ]dªp: "^¯Jq±p³bm' (`uXnIhn`h§Ä, BVw_cw A[nIcn¡p¶Xnse þ A[nIcn¸n¡p¶Xnse Xn· o `b¡pI þ kq£n¡pI); "^¯Jq¶nkmAv' (kv{XoIfneqsSbpÅ BVw_c{]nbw þ GjWn þ kv]ÀZv[ þ InSaXvkcw þ hy`nNmcw þ kv{Xo N§m¯¯nse Xn·IÄ þ hioIcW KqVmtemN XpS§nbh o `b¡pI þ kq£n¡pI).'' (apkvenw: 2742). lZokv: Dkma_n³ sskZv bn n¶pw nthZw: ""_n ]dªp: "kzÀ¤¯n IS¡p¶hcn `qcn`mKhpw Zcn{ZcmIp¶p.'' (_pJmcn: 6547, apkvenw: 2737, 2736). lZokv: A_qlpssdd hn n¶pw nthZw: ""_n ]dªp: "Fsâ BXvamhv BcpsS ssI¿nemsWm (AÃmlphmsW)! Cu nAva¯v (`uXnIhn`h§Ä, BVw_cw)§sf Ipdn¨v hnNmcW (Jnbma¯v) mfn tNmZyw sN¿s¸SpIXs¶ sN¿pw. ("AXnv µnbmbn Bcm[IÄ þ k¡À½§Ä hÀ²n¸n¡phn³' F¶v).'' (apkvenw: 2038). CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 275 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 276. ’: : ” . (2887 :‫ري‬ ‫)ا‬ “. ‘ A_qlpssdd hn n¶pw nthZw, ""AÃmlphnsâ dkq ]dªp: "A_vZpþZomÀ' þ ]Ws¯ Bcm[n¡p¶h³ in¡s«! "A_vZpþZnÀlw' (ZnÀlansâ Bcm[I³ þ ASna) in¡s«! ]«phkv{X¯nsâ ASna in¡s«! ap´nb DSbmSIfpsS ASna in¡s«! (A¡q«cqsS e£Ww): Ahv (AXv, BVw_cw, kpJt`mKw) ÂIs¸«m Ah³ Xr]vXnbSbpw, AXv In«nbnsæn Ah³ tIm]n¡pw. Ah³ (]ctemI¯v) A[x]Xn¨p. (Ahv) apÅp Ip¯nbm AXv ]pds¯Sp¡m³ (£abp−mInÃ) IgnbnÃ. (F¶mÂ) Hcp ASna¡v Xzq_m (awKfw, kzÀ¤w, kzÀ¤hr£w)! AbmÄ AÃmlphnsâ amÀ¤¯nepÅ IpXncbpsS (AYhm, CkvemanI tkh) ISnªm¬ ]nSn¨ncn¡p¶p, AbmfpsS apSn (AÃmlphnsâ amÀ¤¯nepÅ ITnm²zm¯m Xnc¡p]nSn¨Xp ImcWw) PSIp¯nbncn¡p¶p þ CcpImepIfpw s]mSn ]pc−ncn¡p¶p. AbmÄ (AÃmlphnsâ amÀ¤¯nepÅ tkh¯nsâ) ImhenemsW¦n Imhen Xs¶ (£atbmsS BßmÀ°ambn) n¡p¶p, AbmÄ ImemÄ]SbnemsW¦n ImemÄ]Sbn Xs¶ (£atbmsS BßmÀ°ambn) n¡p¶p! AbmÄ AphmZw tNmZn¨m AphmZw ÂIs¸SpIbnÃ, AbmÄ ip]mÀi sNbvXm AXv kzoIcn¡s¸SpIbpanà (ImcWw, AbmÄ kÂIÀ½§Ä temIsc ImWn¡msX-- dnbmAv CÃmsX sN¿p¶XpsIm−v tXm¡·mcpsSbpw aäpw CSbn AbmÄ Adnbs¸Sm¯ hyàn Bbncn¡pw). (_pJmcn: 2887) . kzÀ¤hmknIsf kw_Ôn¨v AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 276 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 277. .(24 : ‫)ا‬ ""Ignªpt]mb Znhk§fn (`qanbn sh¨v) n§Ä ap³Iq«n sNbvXXnsâ ^eambn n§Ä Bµt¯msS Xn¶pIbpw IpSn¡pIbpw sNbvXp sImÅpI. (F¶v AhtcmSv ]dbs¸Spw).'' (JpÀB³ 69: 24) * * * Kyk)[, st)#[, ]hc[, éCjG)k=ê aYÔ;… ésv$k' akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kê A. aYÔ; é ‫ا‬êî erj, Lec[alg; fkm*ju Sglz*xk; Yeulc*xk; ~kÓjakMkdxk; rJ*kilrluj aYÔ*X wej)kduk;, aYÔj&[ KOfkduk; sv$k'fjrln[ ‫ ا‬éykDlê t'[ eyuk'f[. Tf[ g![ ijPaldk'kî 1. LrkiprJualu aYÔ*X, 2. rj<jÓalu aYÔ*X. 1. LrkiprJualu aYÔ*Xî Tf[ CjG)jH KXs/ml aYÔ*X :dk'k. Tf[ ijCkÓ DkG:R elglun; svu[fksdl![ Sglzjuksm SaH KOfkd, LfkSelsh L#l|kijsRy rlaijSC<n*X sdl![ SglzjH rj'[ L#l|kijH Cgn; Sfmkd, éSglzCarjrkSi!j YelGÒj)kdê Selshuk= aYÔ*X :dk'k. Tf[ LrkiprJualn[. dlgn; r~j aYÔj)kduk;, aYÔj)kilR dHej)kduk;, Lf[ Lrkipj)kduk; svu[fjgj)k'k. Qgk |pJc[ Srl)kdî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 277 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 278. ” ’: .(2200 : ‫)ﻡ‬ “.‘ QOE[~[rk alhjdjH rj'[ rjSipr;î LS`|; eyÉkî Þwl|jhj$jH éTc[hlajr[ akÙ[ê B*X aYÔj)lyk!lujgk'k. B*X Svlpj&kî ãL#l|kijsRy fjgkpofsgà Tfjsr c;~r[Pj&[ tÔln[ L>jYelu;?ä YeilvdR eyÉkî ãrj*xksm aYÔ; trj)[ dlnj&[ fgjd, CjG)j#l aYÔjr[ dkq/aj#ä.ß éakc[hj;î 2200ê. Tal; ckuofIj eyuk'kî ‫ﺵ وط: أن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫از ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫: ’و أ َ ا‬ ‫لا‬ ‫وﻡ ُ ف‬ ُ ‫ی‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫، وأن‬ ‫م ا ، أو ﺱ ء ا وﺹ‬ ‫ن‬ ‘. ‫ی ا‬ ‫ا ؛‬ ‫ﻡ ، وأن ُ َ َ أن ا‬ ‫ی‬ ããaYÔ*X LrkiprJualdkilR ao'[ rj~r[PrdX Sin; t'fjH en[}jfRalG Sulwj&jgj)k'kî é1ê. aYÔ; L#l|kijsRy dhl; - DkG:R sdl![ :dkd, Ls#(jH L#l|kijsRy rlaijSC<n*X éLc[alL[ LH- |kc[rê sdl![ :dkd. é2ê. Kgkijmk' aYÔ; iUd[falu Ly~jujH :ujgj)kduk;, LfjsRy :Cu*X Lyjukduk; sv$kd. é3ê. L#l|kijsRy Lrkafjulhln[ Sglz; ckD; Yelej)H rm)k'f[, Lf#lsf aYÔjr[ cIu; cIlPJr; svhkj Sglz; alËkilR clPj)kduj#lsu'[ ijCIcj)kduk; 69 sv$kd.ää LrkiprJualu aYÔjsRy goe*Xî ijCkÓ DkG:R elglun; svu[fksdl![ Sglzjuksm SaH KOfkd. éL#l|kijsRy rlaijSC<n*X sdl![ L#l|kijH Cgn; Sfmkd, SglzCarjrkSi!j 69 - Ef[KH DpJG. Sew[î 135 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 278 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 279. L#l|kijSrlm[ YelGÒj)kd Selshuk=iê, t'lH si=jH KOfj Sglzjsu sdl![ dkmj/j)kd, CgJgjH Qqj)kd… ét'f[ vjhG sv$lyk![, : |pJc[ pkG~haln[, Lf[ ssCD[ LH~lrjuksmî"‫ﺱ أ داود‬ ‫وﺽ‬ ‫"ﺹ‬ ãc|J|[ ixTOE[ ckrR L~Jpliop[îä 3885-l; rÙG |pJc[ Srl)kdê. lZoknÂn¶pÅ a{´§Ä: ssi¯mnI_m[ (It®dv) sIm−pÅ tcmK§Ä ({`m´v, A]kvamcw, XfÀ¨, t_m[£bw…) XpS§nbh¡v: a. tcmKnsb kµÀin¨mepÅ a{´w: lZokv, Bbni hn n¶v nthZw: ’: ” (2191 : ‫ري: 0575، ﻡ‬ ) “.‘ ""tcmKnsb kµÀin¨m _n ]dbpambncp¶p: "AÃmlpth! apjycpsS dtº! hnjaw amän¯tcWta, Chs kpJs¸Sp¯pIbpw sNt¿Wta. o (AÃmlp am{Xw) BWv kpJs¸Sp¯p¶h³. o (AÃmlp) ÂIp¶ kpJaÃmsX Hcp kpJhpanÃ. bmsXmcp tcmKhpw Ahtijn¡m¯ hn[¯n (AÃmlpth! o) kpJw ÂtIWta!'' (_pJmcn: 5750, apÉnw: 2191.). b. {`m´nv JpÀB³ ]mcmbWw sNbvXpÅ a{´w: : ” : : : . : CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 279 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 280. : : : . (3901 : ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ - 3897 :‫داود‬ 3897 ‫أ‬ ) “. ""JmcnP _n³ Akze¯v Xsâ ]nXrhyn n¶v D±cn¡p¶p: "… R§Ä N§ebn _Ôn¡s¸« Hcp {`m´sâ ASp¯p t]mbn… cmhnsebpw sshIpt¶chpambn aq¶pZnhkw ^m¯nl kqd¯v ]mcmbWw sNbvXpXocpt¼mÄ DanoÀ ]mdnhogp¶ cq]¯n (tcmKnbqsS taÂ) DuXpw, A§s B {`m´³ (AÃmlphnsâ ApaXnbmÂ) kpJw {]m]n¨p. AhÀ Fn¡p {]Xn^ew X¶p, At¸mÄ R§Ä _n tbmSv tNmZn¡msX ({]Xn^ew) hm§nà F¶v ]dªp, _n tbmSv tNmZn¨t¸mÄ A§p¶v ]dªp: "o hm§ns¡mÅpI, hymP a{´¯nmWv {]Xn^ew njn²w, o bYmÀ° a{´amWv sNbvXXpw, {]Xn^ew hm§p¶Xpw'.'' (kp³ A_oZmhqZv: 3897 -þ AÂ_mn klolv B¡nbXv: 3901). c. A]kvamc¯nv ssi¯ms ]qd¯m¡p¶ a{´w: : : ( ) ” ( : ) .‘ ’: ’: : .‘ .‘ ’ : .‘ ’: CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 280 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 281. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ) “. .(172-171 / 4 : ‫: 584، ا آ : 2 / 716 - 816، أ‬ ‫ا‬ ""bAve_n³ apÀd Xsâ ]nXmhn n¶v D²cn¡p¶p, (Hcn¡Â) _n bm{Xbn Bbncp¶t¸mÄ Hcp kv{Xo _n bpsS ASp¯ph¶p ]dªp: "XoÀ¨bmbpw Fsâ Cu aIv Ggv hÀjambn«v "eaav' (A]kvamcw þ hndb þ ssi¯mnIamb Indp¡v þ {`m´v) _m[n¨ncn¡p¶p! Znhkw c−ptcw AhXv (B tcmKw) D−mIp¶p'. _n ]dªp: "Ahs C§pXcp,' _n B Ip«nsb s]m¡n¸nSn¨v C§s (aq¶ph«w) Dcphn«p: "]pd¯pt]mIq Hm AÃmlphnsâ i{Xq (ssi¯m³), Rm³ AÃmlphnsâ dkq (ZqXÀ ) BIp¶p.' F¶n«v _n ]dªp: "R§Ä Xncn¨v hcpt¼mÄ hnhcw ]dbpI.' _n Xncn¨v hcpt¼mÄ B kv{Xo (Ip«nbpsS NnInÕ¡v {]Xn^ew ÂIphmmbn) c−v BSpIfpw, ]m¡«nbpw, s¿pw sIm−v _n bpsS ASp¯ph¶p, _n (klm_nItfmSv) ]dªp: "HcmSns FSp¡pI, aäpÅXpw (]m¡«nbpw, s¿pw) th−Xv FSp¡pI, At¸mÄ B kv{Xo ]dªp: "n§Ä t]mbXnp tijw ]n¶oSv Hcp {]ivhpw D−mbn«nà (AÃmlphnsâ Ap{Kl¯m tcmKw kpJs¸«p).'' (AÂ_mn klolv B¡nbXv þ AÂ_mnbpsS klolv apJvXkznÀ AÂ_mn: 485, lm¡nw: 2/617--þ618, AlvaZv: 4/171þ-72). d. It®dn n¶pw ssi¯mn n¶pw c£¡v JpÀB³ ]mcmbWw sNbvXpÅ a{´w: ’: ( ) ” 4902 : ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ،3511 : ‫ا‬ ،2058 :‫ي‬ ‫ا‬ ) “.‘ .( ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ A_psskZv bn n¶pw dnt¸mÀ«v: ""apAÆnZ¯mn Cd§p¶Xphsc ssi¯mn n¶pw, It®dn n¶pw (D−mIp¶ D]{Zh¯n n¶pw) c£{]m]n¡phm³ _n AÃmlphntmSv icWw tXSmdp−mbncp¶p; F¶m AXv (apAÆnZ¯mn: "Jp lph AÃmlp AlZv,' "Jp ADuZp _n CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 281 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 282. dºn AÂþ^eJ,v' "Jp ADuZp _n dºn ¶mkv') Cd§nbt¸mÄ AXv (AÃmlphntmSv icWw tXSphm³) D]tbmKn¨v aäpamÀ¤§Ä FÃmw Dt]£n¨p.'' (kp³ XnÀapZn: 2058, klolv C_vp amP: 3511, klolv PmanAv AÂ_mn: 4902). (FÃm Znhkhpw A©v tcs¯ ^Àfv akv¡mc§Ä¡v tijw lZokn ]dªXp t]mse Ch ]mcmbWw sNbvXm B kab§fn It®dn n¶pw, ssi¯mn n¶pw AXv (apAÆnZ¯mn) aqew AÃmlphn¦Â n¶pÅ c£bmWv). ... : ” (2311 :‫ري‬ ) “. A_plpdbvd hn n¶pw dnt¸mÀ«v: ""…n§Ä Dd§m³ hncn¸nse¯nbm "Bb¯p IpÀkn' Ahkmw hsc ]mcmbWw sNbvXpsImÅpI. AXv HmXns¡m−ncn¡p¶ Ime- a{Xbpw AÃmlphn¦Â n¶pÅ Hcp Imh¡mc³ (ae¡v) n§sf Im¯pc£n¨psIm−ncn¡pw. (cm{Xn ]mcmbWw sNbv- XmÂ) {]`mXw htc¡pw, (klolv Bb lZokn h¶Xpt]mse A©v akv¡mc§Ä¡p tijw ]mcmbWw sNbvXm Ah¡n- Sbn-epÅ kab§fnepw70) ]nimNv n§sf kao]n¡pItbbnÃ.'' (_pJmcn: 2311). ” . “. : ""Bbni nthZw: "_n FÃm cm{Xnbpw Xsâ hncn- ¸n sN¶v InS¶pIgnªm c−v ssI¸¯nIfpw tNÀ¯p- 70 þ klolv AÂþPmanAv AÂ_mn: 6464 tm¡pI. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 282 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 283. ]nSn¨v "Jp lph AÃmlp AlZv' (hn. Jp. 112) F¶ kqd¯pw, "Jp ADuZp _n dºn AÂþ^eJv' (hn. Jp. 113), F¶ kqd¯pw, "Jp ADuZp _n dºn ¶mkv' (hn. Jp. 114) F¶ kqd¯pw ]mcmbWw sNbvXv AXn (ssI¸¯nIfnÂ) DuXpw, B ssI¸¯nIfpw sIm−v icoc¯n F¯p¶ Øe§fn- seÃmw XShpw. Xebn n¶pw XpS§n apJw, icoc¯nsâ ap³hiw F¶nhsbÃmw XShpw, AXv (XShÂ) aq¶ph«w BhÀ¯n¡pw'. Bbni ]dªp: "_n ¡v tcmKw _m[n¨- t¸mÄ Ft¶mSv A{]Imcw sNbvXv sImSp¡phm³ I¸n- ¨ncp¶p.'' (_pJmcn: 5748). (hnh.) 2. rj<jÓalu aYÔ*Xî Ti CjG)[ domj)hG' aYÔ*X :dk'k. L#l|k i#liSglmk= YelGÒr, L#l|ki#liSglm[ Tc[fjzlF égÊSfmjuk=ê YelGÒrsv$H, L#l|ki#liSglm[ Tcfj:r éc|lu;Sfmjuk=ê YelGÒrsv$H, éL#l|k i#liSglm[ CjElL[ - SglzCar; Sfmjuk= YelGÒr sv$Hê fkm*jui KXsdl=k'fldk'k rj<jÓalu aYÔ*X. domlsf wj'kdX, ah)kdX, ér~jalGê, cIlhj|J*X fkm*juigksm éLFil, L#l|ki#ligksmê rla*X sdl!k= aYÔ*xk; rj<jÓ; fs'. Tf[ L#l|k- i#liSglmk= YelGÒruluf[ sdl!kfs' Lf[ ihju CjG)kaldk'kà vjhS/lX : CjG)[ éaËk=iG Lyjulsfê gÊs/mkilrluj Lry~jujH :ujgj)k; LiG é: iUlwaYÔ; KgkijM[ sdlmk)k'iGê aYÔj)kd, Ls#(jH :Cu*X Lyjul aYÔ; KgkijM[ sdl!lujgj)k; rmkd, Tf[ rj<jÓalu aYÔaln[. évjhS/lX CjG)[ aYÔ; aËk=iG)[ arÍjhldlfjgj)kilR Si!j vjh DkG:R cod[f*xk; L*jsruk=iG : aYÔjsRydosm elglun; sv$lyk![ààê. B. Kyk)[, st)#[, ]hc[î dSÑyjHrj'[ gÊ h>j)kilrk; éSglz*xk; Yeulc*xk; alykilrk;ê aËkaluj dkMjdxjhk;, ekgk<Ralgjhk;, c[YfJdxjhk; sdMk' éroh[, fdjm[ê fkm*jui)[ :dk'k Kyk)kdX, st)#[, ]hc[ t'[ eyuk'f[. Kyk)[ g![ Trak![î CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 283 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 284. Q'las Tr;î ijCkÓ DkG:R tqkfj Kyk)[ K!l)j sdMjfo)kd, DkG:rjsh :u[ KeSulzj&[ sdlS!l, L#l|kijsRy rlaijSC<n*X sdlS!l ]hÍk!l)j SglzCarjrluj CgJgjShl aSËl ~r[Pj)kd. TO ijPjhk= Kyk)jsr c;~r[Pj&[ vjh en[}jfØlG érj<jÓas#'k;, vjh en[}jfØlG rj<jÓalsn'k; t'ê g![ L>jYelu)lgldk'kî Q'las L>jYelu;î ijCkÓ DkG:R sdl![ éalYf;ê Kyk)[ K!l)j sdMjo)H LrkiprJualn[ t'[ vjh en[}jfØlG L>jYelus/mk'k. TO L>jYelu; :ujCl ijH rj'k; L~[pk#lT~[rk-L;yk~[rkH-:cI[ rjSipr; svu[ffln[. :ujCl ijsRy TO yjS/lGM[ :Plgal)j L~o wL[Eyk;, Tal; L|[ap[~[rk |Ùhk; L>jYelus/mk'kî ãKyk)[ sdMk'f[ saljH ijSglPj&f[ CjG)[ domj dhG'fluf[ sdl![ alYf; :dk'kä t'[. ðt'lH, c;Cuak=fjsr ijmk'fln[ gÊ, dlgn; r~j eyÉkî ãã:sg(jhk; c;Cuak- =fjsr coÊj)kd éijmkdê :sn(jH LiR LisRy afsuk;, L>jalrsuk; c;gÊj&jgj)k'k. :sg(jhk; : c;Cuak=fjH seMkSeldkd :sn(jH LiR |yl; - rj<jÓjhln[ efj&jgj)k'f[à Qgk TmuR, LfjgkdX)gj- djhosm a{zs Sau[)kSÙlX fsRy a{z*X aËk=igksm é|yl; - rj<jÓaluê c[FhS)[ SaulR clPUfuk- =f[ Selsh…ß é~kDlgjî 52, akc[hj;î 1599ê éiji.êò. g!las L>jYelu;î ijCkÓ DkG:R sdl![ Kyk)[ K!l)jsdMj fo)hk; éasË#l Kyk)kdxk;ê rj<jÓaln[. T~[rk ac[KOp[ , T~[rk L^lc[ , |ksspE , KD[~fk~[rk :ajG , T~[rk |DIJ; t'jigksm L>jYelualn[ ãrj<jÓ;ä t'f[. LfkSelsh fl~jKdxjH seM Qgkij>lzik; Tf[ fs'uln[ L>jYelus/mk'f[, LigjH seMigln[ T~[rk ac[KOpj sRy :xkdX éTfln[ domkfH Yealn ~r[PalujMk=f[ê, Tal; L|[apjsRy :xkdxjH LPjdSegk; Qgk Kyk)k; elmj#lsu' TO L>jYelualn[ sfgsÉmkfk;. LfkSelsh ejRdlh)l- glu échEjê en[}jfØlG Ky/j&[ eyÉfk; TO L>jYelu; fs'uln[. TiG éijCkÓ DkG:R sdl!k;, aËkê t#l Kyk)kdxk; rj<jÓalsn'fjr[ sfxji[ ejmj)k'f[ T~[rkac[KOp[ KÓgj)k' flsq igk' |pJcldk'kî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 284 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 285. lZokv, _n ]dªp: ’: : ” ‫داود: 3883، ﺹ‬ ‫: 1/183، أ‬ ‫)أ‬ “.‘ ( : ) ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا ه ،و‬ ‫ووا‬ ‫آ : 4/814 وﺹ‬ ‫ن: 2141، ا‬ ‫ا ﻡ : 0353، ا‬ .(6880 : ‫ا ﻡ ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw "AÂþdpJm' (dpJvbmx, inÀ¡pÅþnjn²amb a{´§fpw), "AÂþXambna' (Xaoa, GekpIfpw, Ddp¡pIfpw), "AÂþXnhex' (AYhm knlvÀþamcWhpw) inÀ¡v BIp¶p (_nw_ þ Pmd Bcm[, ssi¯ms Bcm[n¡Â, ssi¯mn icWw {]m]n¡Â BIp¶p).''71 "AÂþXnhex' F¶m knlvÀ (inÀ¡v) BIp¶p;' "`mcyþ`ÀXrkvtlw Iq«phm³ th−n sN¿p¶ Hcp knlvvÀ.' (klolv AÂ_mn knÂkne klol: 331þ 1/584, C_vplnºm³ InXm_v Xznºv tm¡pI). g!las L>jYelu; éijCkÓ DkG:R sdl![ Kyk)[ K!l)j sdMjo)hk; aË[ Kyk)kdsxS/lsh rj<jÓaln[ t'f[ê :dk'k ao'[ dlgn*X sdl![ Cgjuluf[. t'lH, Q'lafluj eyÉ L>jYelu; éijCkÓ DkG:R sdl![ Kyk)[ K!l)j sdMj fo)H rj<jÓa# t'f[ê Cgjuka#. Q'lafluj eyÉ L>jYelu; éijCkÓ DkG:R sdl![ Kyk)[ K!l)j sdMj fo)H rj<jÓa# t'f[ê sfËln[ t'[ sfxjuj)k' éao'kê dlgn*Xî Q'las dlgn;î selfkiluj éakdxjsh |pJc[ Yedlg;ê Kyk)kdsx t#l; Tc[hl; ijSglPj)kduln[ svu[ff[, LfjH Q'jSruk; alËjrjGjujMj#. édomlsf t#l Kyk)kdxk; CjG)[ :sn'k; TO |pJcjH iUd[faldk'kàê. g!las dlgn;î ele*xjSh)[ tjs/mk' alGz*sx fmukdsu'fln[ Tc[hl; sv$k'f[, dlgn; QgkeSÊ, Lrkiprj)s/mlfk; CjG)kalu Kyk)k; 71 - AlvaZv: 1/381, klolv C_vpamP: 3530, lm¡nw: 4/418, klolv AÂ_mn knÂkne klol: 331 þ 1/584, C_vplnºm³: 1412, kzlolv AÂPmanAv AÂ_mn: 6880. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 285 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 286. ~r[Pj/j)k'fjSh)[ Lf[ tj)k'fln[. ðr~j eyÉkî ãã:sg(jhk; c;Cuak=fjsr coÊj)kd éijmkdê :sn(jH LiR LisRy afsuk;, L>jalrsuk; c;gÊj&jgj)k'k. :sg(jhk; : c;Cuak=fjH seMkSeldkd :sn(jH LiR |yl; - rj<jÓjhln[ efj&jgj)k'f[àß é~kDlgjî 52, akc[hj;î 1599ê éiji.êò ao'ls dlgn;î ijCkÓ DkG:R tqkfjs)l!k= Kyk)[ CgJgjH ~r[Pj/j)kSÙlX Lfkaluj d)ocjhk;, dkxjakyjujhk; SeldH :iCUalujigk;, Li CgJgjH ~r[Pj/j&ksdl![ Lg; c[Fh*xjH Seldk'f[ : cÕG>*xjH ijCkÓ DkG:rjsr rjÕj)hlujgj)k;. L*jsr Lfjhosm égÊ)[ edg;ê CjÊulujgj)k; h>j)kdàà g!las Tr; Kyk)kdXî ijCkÓ DkG:R L#li ark<Ugjhk; aËk; sdMjfo)k- 'fln[ Tf[. gkYplÊ;, t#kdX, Kyk)jr[ KeSulzj)k' vj/j, roH, svgk/[, :njdX, ejClvk)xksmuk; wj'kdxksmuk; SegkdX, Kyk)jr[ KeSulzj)k' igdX d=jdX dkyjdX fkm*juisu#l; rjgkelPjd; rj<jÓik; CjG)jH seMfkal- dk'k. dlgnaf[ L#l|k L#ligjH >gSaH/j)hldk'k. Qgk |pJcjH rak)[ dlnl;î : ‫)أ‬ “.‘ ’: ” :: ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫: 9/153، ا‬ ‫آ : 4/612، ا‬ ‫4/013-113، ا ﻡ ي: 2702، ا‬ .(960 Þ:sg(jhk; tsÔ(jhk; éKyk)[ê ~r[Pj/j&lH LiR LfjH é: Kyk)jHê >gSaHej)s/Mirlujgj)k'k. éLFil, L#l|k Lisr ssdsimjÉjgj)k'kàê.ß éL|[ap[î 4í310-311, fjGakpjî 2072, |l)j;î 4í216, ss~|Djî 9í351, fI~[ylrj LH-d~JGî 960ê. TO |pJcjH covj/j)k'f[î LiR tÔlSnl ~r[Pj/j&f[ LfjSh)isr L#l|k ]Hej&[ sdlmkjgj- )k'k t'ldk'k, t'lH :glSnl L#l|kijH ijCIcj&[ L#l|kijH >gSaHej)k'f[ éfi)kH sv$k'f[ê, L#l|kijSrlm[ L>u;Sfmk'f[, fsRy dlgU*X L#l|kijH caG/j)k'f[ - t(jH Lir[ L#l|k fs' afj YeC[r CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 286 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 287. egj|lgjr[, Lfjhosm ijpogak= éLrkYz|*Xê akqkirk; LirjSh)[ Lmk)k'fk;, Yeulc; rjyÉ akqkiR dlgU*xk; L#l|k txk/ak=fl)kduk; sv$k'fln[. édomlsf fi)kH LFil, L#l|kijH ijCIcj&[ >gSaH/j)H Qgk a|lu :glPrukaldk'kê. Srsgayj&[ :sg(jhk; L#l|ki#ligjShl, Kyk)kdxjShl, D~ylxjdxjShl, éQOhjuujshl, r~jujshlê >gSaHej)kdulsn(jH Lisr L#l|k LfjH ]Hej&[ sdlmk)k'fln[à Lisul'k; fs' ulsflgk zknik; sv$j#, Li KedlgSal, KeYpiSal LPJrs/mkk'kaj#. t'lH Lfjhosm L#l|kijhk= ijCIlc; Lir[ r<[ms/mkduk;, fsRy y^kaluk= ~r[P; ijSVpj)s/mkduk;, L*sr LiR rjÕj)s/mkduk; sv$k'kà éLfln[ TO |pJcjshî ããik)jh Tssh|jää - ããLfjH >gSaHej)s/Mjgj)k'kää t'fjsRy LGÒ;ê. Cgjulu ijCIlcs fmuk'Sfl, Lfjsr >;z; igkk'Sfl :u akqkiR dlgU*sx c;~r[Pj&k; akc[hJ*sx S~lPilØlglS)!f[ éLfyjÉê QlSgl akc[hjaj- sRyuk; ~lPUfuln[. fsRy Sglz; ckDs/mkkilrluj LrkiprJualu agk'kdX éLfkSelsh, TO LÓUlujH akdxjH covj/j& r~j Lrkipj& aYÔ*xk;ê alYfsa éLFil, ijC/kalËkilR >Ên; dqj)k'f[ Selsh alYfaln[ agk'kdxk; LrkiprJu aYÔ*xk; t'k;, SglzCar; agk'kdxjH rjs'l, LrkiprJu aYÔ*xjH rjs'l L#, t'lH SglzCar; L#l|kijH rj'[ alYfaln[ t'k; ijCIcj&[ alYfSaê cIJdgj)kilR elmk=o. t'lH Kyk)kdxk;, érj<jÓê aYÔ*xk; rmjs)lmk)k- 'igksm LmkkSeldkilsrl, Lf[ cIJdgj)kilsrl elmk=f#, LiG LisRy |{pujrk;, L#l|kijhk= ijCIlcjrk; Sglz; K!l)kduln[ : aYÔ; sdl![ sv$kdà :sg(jhk; L#l|kijH ijCIcj&[ >gSaH/j&lH éfi)kH svu[flHê Lir[ Lf[ fs' afjuldk'fln[ t#l YeC[r egj|lgjrk;, SglzCarjrk;, L#l|kijH >gSaH/j)H fs'uln[ L#l|kijH Cgn; Yelej)hk;, AÃmlp ]dbp¶p: ""AÃmlpsh hÃhpw kq£n¡p¶ (t]Sn¡p¶) ]£w (FÃm {]iv§Ä¡pw) AÃmlp Ahs¶mcp t]mwhgn D−m¡nsImSp¡pIbpw, Ah³ IW¡m¡m¯ hn[¯n Ah¶v D]Pohw ÂIpIbpw sN¿p¶XmWv. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 287 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 288. hÃhpw AÃmlphn `ctaÂ]n¡p¶ ]£w Ah¶v (B {]ivw, tcmKw... o¡n¡fbm³) AÃmlp Xs¶ aXnbmIp¶XmWv.'' (JpÀB³ 65: 2þ3). _n ]dªp: ""AÂþXznbd (iIpw tm¡Â, ]£nimkv{Xw þ `mhn{]hNw, PmXIw, £{X^ew...) inÀ¡mIp¶p, AÂþXznbd inÀ¡mIp¶p... F¶m AÃmlphn `ctaÂ]n¨m (Xh¡p sNbvXmÂ) AXv (B {]ivw, tcmKw...) AÃmlp o¡n¡fbmsX ½n Bcpw Xs¶bnÃ.'' (A_qZmhqZv: 3910, XnÀanZn: 1614, C_vpamP: 3538, AÂ_mn knÂkneXp kzlol: 1/791þ792) (hnh.) . t'lH, vjhulxkdX Kyk)kdxk;, aYÔ*X KgkijM éwej&ê clPr*xk; cIu; fs' CgJgjH ~r[Pj/j)lyk![, LiG)[ Sglzajs#(jhk;, LiG)[ Sglz; ~lPj)kSalsu' >ulhk;, dSÑyk;, Lcouuk; ~lPj)kSalsu' >ulhkaln[ LiG fsRy il|rjShl, a{zjShl, iJMjsRy ilfjhjShl, dmujShl cICgJgjShl : Kyk)kdxk;, aYÔ*X KgkijM éwej&ê clPr*xk; sdMj fo)k'f[àà Tsf#l; fs' c;>ij)k'f[ LisRy L#l|kijhk= ijCIlcjsRyuk;, L#l|kijH >gSaHej)k'fjsRy éfi)khjsRyêuk; pkG^hf sdl!ldk'kà ijCIlc pkG^hf Qgk a|lSglz; éalgdSglz;ê :n[, Lfjsr é: Sglz; ckDs/mklRê uFlGÒ ijCIlc; sdl!k;, fO|Jp[ éL#l|kijsr alYf; ]Ëik; domkfH ijCIcj)hk;, LirjH alYf; ]Ëik; domkfH YefJÊj)hk;, Lisr alYf; ]Ëik; domkfH >us/mhk;, LirjH rj'[ alYf; T|-eg SrM*X YefJÊj)kduk; - Svlpj)kduk;, LirjH alYf; ]Ëik; domk- fH ijCIcj&[->gSaH/j)hk;, Lirk alYf; :glPruksm t#l Tr*xk; LG/j)kduk; sv$kd t'[ ijCIcj&[ê sdl!k; K= vjdjHc LfUliCUaln[. A§ns hnizkn- ¡p¶ ""kXyhnizmknIÄ AÃmlphntmSv AXniIvXamb (asäÃmäns¡mfpw IqSpXÂ) kvtlapÅhcs{X.'' (JpÀB³ 2: 165) . * * * CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 288 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 289. L#l|ki#lisgs)l![ cfU; sv$H, L#l|ki#liSglm[ fiÍkH éTmSM;ê sv$H, L#l|ki#liSglm[ Tc[fj:r éc|lu-YelGÒrê sv$H, L#l|ki#liSglm[ Tc[fjzlFÈ éc;gÊn-YelGÒrê sv$H… fkm*jui ésv$k' akc[hJ*xjsh Tc[hlajd ]dsspilglPrl ijCIlc; rj<[Ehaldk'kàê. A. L#l|ki#lisgs)l![ cfU; sv$Hî ‫ ا‬é|HE[ê t'[ eyÉlH cfU; sv$hldk'k. a|galu Qgk dlgU;sdl![ Qgk ijPjsu YeSfUdaluj Ky/j&[ eyuk'fln[ ãcfU; sv$kdä t'f[ sdl![ KS`Cj)k'f[. ãa|fI;ä éLx[a[ê L#l|kijsRy LidlCaln[. Lfksdl![ fs' L#l|ki#ligjH cfU; sv$kilR elmj#. cfU; svS$!f[ L#l|kijsRy Segjhk;, LisRy rlaijSC<n- *X sdl!k; alYfsa elmk=osi'fjhk;, L#l|ki#ligksm SegjH cfU; sv$H ijSglPj&jgj)k'k t'fjhk; éi'jMk= |pJckdxjHê akqkiR en[}jfRalgk; Sulwj&jgj)k'k.72 L#l|ki#lisgs)l![ cfU; sv$H Qgk CjG)ldk'k. T~[rk KaG ijH rj'[ KÓgj)k' flsqigk' Qgk |pJcjH Lf[ dlnlik'fln[, _n ]dªp: ’: : ( ) ” ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫: 2/96، 78، 521، ﺹ‬ ‫)ا ﻡ ي: 5351، أ‬ “.‘ .(6204 : ‫ا‬ .303 -‫: ص‬ ‫آ با‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺵ ا‬ - 72 CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 289 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 290. _n ]dªp: ""Bsc-¦nepw AÃm-lp- A-Ãm-¯-hsc (_namÀ, Huenbm¡Ä, Pmdw, ac§Ä, IÃpIÄ, k´m§Ä, amXm]nXm¡Ä, k¼¯v, IAv_... XpS§nbh t]msebpÅXp) sIm−v kXyw sNbvXm Ah³ (AhÄ) Ip^vÀ sNbvXp (kXy- n-tj[w sNbvXp) þ Asæn Ah³ (AhÄ) inÀ¡v sNbvXp.''73 siyk; Qgk cfU; sv$kdulsn(jH Lf[ svyju CjG)ln[, t'lH cfU; sv$s/mk'fjhosm éL#l|kijsr a|Is/mkk'fk Selsh : cfU; sv$s/mk' iUd[fj- suuk; a|Is/mkjulshl - L#l|kijsr >u)k'fkSelsh : cfU; sv$s/mk' iUd[fjsuuk; >u'lshlê Lf[ :glPj)s/mk' goejhluj, t(jH Lf[ ihju CjG)[ :uj alyk'fln[à Tfln[ T'[ D~ykdsx :glPj&[ sdl!jgj)k- 'igjH rak)[ dlnkilR clPj)k'f[. LiG L#l|kijsr >us/mkduk;, a|fIs/mkkduk; sv$k'fjSr)lX D~ylxj- dsx éQOhjul)sx, r~jalsgê :n[ >us/mkduk; a|fI- s/mkkduk; sv$k'f[à L*sr, QglX a|fIs/mkk' ihj$jsRy éQOhjul)xksm, r~jalgksmê SegjH cfU; sv$lR eyÉlH éLiSglmk= >uik;, Lisg a|fIs/mkk'fk; dlgn;ê cfUalu dlgUa#lsf LiR cfUs/mkkduj#à t'lH L#l|kijsRy SegjH cfU; sv$nsa'[ eyÉlH uSF<[m; d= cfU; LiG sv$kduk; sv$k'kàà éT*sr L#l|kijsr a|fIs/mkk'fk Selsh : cfU; sv$s/mk' iUd[fjsuuk; LiR a|fIs/mkk'kà - L#l|kijsr >u)k'fkSelsh : cfU; sv$s/mk' iUd[fjsuuk; LiR >u)k'kà Lfksdl![ fs' : cfU; sv$H Qgk ihju CjG)ldk'kê. cfU; sv$kd t'lH :gksm SegjhlSnl cfU; sv$k'f[ Lisr a|fIs/mkkduln[ sv$k'f[, Tf[ é: a|fIs/mkHê L#l|kijr#lsf aËlG)k; Sulwj)kduj#à cfU; édglGê svu[flH Lf[ elhj)kd fs' sv$n;, Lfksdl![ fs' cfU; sv$k'f[ LPjdgj/j)kilR elmk=f#. L#l|k eyuk'kî 73 - XnÀanZn: 1535, AlvaZv: 2/69þ87þ125, kzlolv AÂ_mn kzlolv A-ÂPm-an- Av: 6204. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 290 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 291. (10 : ‫)ا‬ ""A[nIambn kXyw sN¿p¶hpw, oNpambn«pÅ bmsXmcmsfbpw o Apkcn¨p t]mIcpXv.'' (Jew: 10). (89 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""n§fpsS i]Y§sf (kXy§sf) n§Ä kq£n¨v (kwc£n¨v) sImÅpI.'' (JpÀB³ 5: 89). Lfluf[ LfUliCUjr#lsf tS/lqk; cfU; sv$gkf[. LfkSelsh ekÑUjhk;, ulFlGÒUjhka#lsf Qgj)hk; cfU; sv$gkf[. dlgn; cfU; sv$k'fjsRy :PjdUik;, L*jsr dxikSvG cfUajmhk; L#l|kijsr a|fIiH)lfjgj)k'fjrk;, L#l|kijsRy SegjH dxikSvGk'fjrk; dlgnaldk;à Tf[ LigjH fO|Jpjsh ijCIlc; CgjuldH T#lu[a sv$k'fln[. Qgk |pJcjH rak)[ T*sr dlnl;î ycohk#l|[ eyÉkî ’: ” : : ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫)ا‬ “.‘ ‫ا‬ ‫ا وا : 4/18، وﺹ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫228، ا‬ ‫6/642 ر 1116، وا‬ (3072 : ‫ا ﻡ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ Þao'[ ij>lz; :xkdSxlm[ L#l|k c;clgj)kduj#, Lisg CkÓJdgj)kduk; sv$j#, LiG)[ SiprSuyju CjÊukak![ éLiGêî 1. rgfkm*ju iU>jvlgj, 2. pkg|(lg; rmj)k' ulvdR, 3. QglX fsRy d&imic[fk il*kdukaj#, ijH)kdukaj# L#l|kijsRy SegjH cfU; svu[f[ sdls!#lsf éLFil, tS/lqk; L#l|kijsRy SegjH cfU; svu[fksdl![ alYf; d&imic[fk il*kduk;, ijH)kduk; aËk; sv$k'iR, LiSrlm[ L#l|k CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 291 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 292. c;clgj)kduj#, Lisr CkÓJdgj)kduk; sv$j#àê.ß éfI~[ylrj LH-d~JGî 6111, c|J|[ wlajL[ LH~lrjî 3072ê. TO |pJcjH Plglx; cfU; sv$k'fjsrfjsg fl)Jf[ rHdjujgj)kduln[, dlgn; Lf[ L#l|kijsRy rla*sx :rlpgj)kilrk;, L#l|kijsr a|fIs/mkl- fjgj)kilrk; dlgnalik'fln[à LYedlg; fs' L#l|kijH d= cfU; sv$k'fk; L#l|k ijh)jujgj)k'k. Lfjr[ ُ ‫اَ س‬ ‫ ا‬éLyjik=irluj- gjs) LfjsrfjgjH d=cfU; sv$kdê t'[ eyuk'k. akrlEjDkdX édemijCIlcjdXê Lyjik=irlujgjs) LfjsrfjgjH d=cfU; sv$k'iglsn'[ L#l|k Lisg ijSC<j/j&[ eyuk'kî .(1 :‫ن‬ ‫)ا‬ ""XoÀ¨bmbpw apm^nJpIÄ (I]S³amÀ) IÅw ]dbp¶hcmWv F¶v AÃmlp km£yw hln¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 63: 1) TfjsRy gf[r&kgk);î 1. L#l|ki#lisgs)l![ cfU; sv$H rj<jÓaln[, Lalr[, dL[~, r~j akfhlui sdl![ cfU; sv$H Qgk CjG)[ :dk'k. 2. arÈeoG%; L#l|kijH d= cfU; sv$k'f[ rj<jÓaldk'k. Lfln[ ُ ‫اَ س‬ ‫ ا‬t'[ eyuk'f[. 3. cfUalu dlgUjrlsn(jhk;, :iCUaj#lsf étS/lqk;ê L#l|kijsRy SegjH - cfU; sv$k'fk; rj<jÓaln[. dlgnaf[ L#l|kijsr :rlpgj)kilrk;, L#l|kijsr a|fIs/mklfjgj)kilrk; dlgnaldk'fln[à 4. LfUliCUjr[ alYf; éixsg dky&[ê L#l|kijH cfUcr[Paluj cfU; sv$H LrkiprJuikaln[. B. fiÍkH, LFil L#l|kijSh)[ Lmk/~r[P; K!l)Hî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 292 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 293. fiÍkH - ‫ﺱ‬ ّ ّ ‫ ا‬t'[ eyÉlHî ÞQgk dlgUjSh)[ ÞLmk/ak!l)kdß t'ldk'k LGÒ;. ‫ - ا ﺱ‬icJhÈ t'lH ÞLmk/;ß t'ldk'k LGÒ;. L#l|k eyuk'kî (35 :‫ة‬ ‫)ا‬ ""Ahnte¡v (AÃmlphn¦te¡v) ASp¸_Ôw (hkoex) D−m¡phmpÅ amÀ¤w tXSpIbpw sN¿pI.'' (JpÀB³ 5: 35). TO cod[fjH eyuk'f[î L#l|kijsr Lrkcgj- &ksdl![ LirjSh)[ ÞLmk/ ~r[P; éicJhÈê K!l)kd,ß - ÞL#l|k f{e[fjs/mk' dlgU*X ejRfkmgkduk; sv$kdß t'ldk'k. fiÍkH g![ Tr*xldk'k, éQ'[ê Lrkipj)s/Mf[ ég![ê rj<jÓal)s/Mf[î Q'las Tr;, Lrkipj)s/M fiÍkH, Lf[ eh Tr*xln[î 1- L#l|kijsRy rlaijSC<n*X ijxj&[ YelGÒj&ksdl![ L#l|kij(Sh)[ Lmk/ ~r[P; K!l)kd éLFil, fiÍkH sv$kdê, L#l|k dHej& goejH. L#l|k eyuk'kî .(180 :‫اف‬ ‫)ا‬ ""AÃmlphnv "AÂþlpkv'bmb (Gähpw à þ `wKnbpÅ þ {]uVnbpÅ þ DÂIrjvSamb þ alXzapÅ) t]cpI- fp−v. AXnm B t]cpIfn Ahs n§Ä hnfn¨p sIm- ÅpI, Ahsâ t]cpIfn Ir{Xnaw ImWn¡p¶hsc (AYhm, AXns ncmIcn¡pIsbm,-- Ifhm¡pIsbm Asæn Xosc sssZh`banÃm¯hn[w AXnsXnsc kwkmcn¡pIsbm sN¿p- ¶hsc) n§Ä hn«pIfbpI. AhÀ sNbvXphcp¶Xnsâ ^ew AhÀ¡v hgnsb ÂIs¸Spw.'' (JpÀB³ 7:180) 2- flR svu[f cH)G+*X sdl!k; - ijCIlc; sdl!k; L#l|kij(Sh)[ Lmk/ ~r[P; K!l)kd éLFil, fiÍkH svu[fk YelGÒj)kdê. ijCIlcjdsx c;~r[Pj&[ L#l|k eyÉf[ Selshî CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 293 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizmk§fpw
  • 294. (193 :‫ان‬ ‫)ل‬ ""R§fpsS dtº! kXyhnizmk¯nte¡v £Wn¡p¶ Hcp {]t_m[I³ "n§Ä n§fpsS dºn hnizkn¡phn³' F¶p ]dbp¶Xv R§Ä tI«p. A§s R§Ä hnizkn¨ncn¡p¶p. R§fpsS dtº! AXnm R§fpsS ]m]§Ä R§Ä¡v o s]mdp¯pXcnIbpw R§fpsS Xn³aIÄ R§fn n¶v o ambv¨pIfbpIbpw sNt¿Wta. ]pWyhm³amcpsS Iq«¯nembn R§sf o acn¸n¡pIbpw sNt¿Wta.'' (JpÀB³ 3: 193). LfkSelsh zk|ujH Lds/M ao'[ iUd[fjdsx c;~r[Pj&[ Yefjelpj)k' |pJcjH rak)[ dlnkilR clPj)k'f[ LiG Lds/M YeulcjH rj'[ gÊs/mkilR clPj&f[ LiG svu[f cHdG+*X fiÍkH :)j YelGÒj&flujgk'k.74 3- L#l|kijsRy ]dfIjsRy éfO|JpjsRyê - a|fIs YedJGj&[ L#l|kij(Sh)[ Lmk/~r[P; K!l)kd éLFil, fiÍkH svu[fk YelGÒj)kdê, uorkc[ YelGÒj&f[ Selshî . (87 :‫ء‬ ‫)ا‬ ""A´cw Ccp«pIÄ¡pÅn n¶v At±lw (bqpkv _n ) hnfn¨p]dªp: "o (AÃmlp) AÃmsX bmsXmcp ssZhhpanÃ. o (AÃmlp) F{X ]cnip²³!' At¸mÄ mw (AÃmlp) At±l¯nv D¯cw ÂIpIbpw ZpxJ¯n n¶v At±ls¯ mw (AÃmlp) c£s¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp. kXyhnizmknIsf A{]Imcw mw c£n¡p¶p.'' (JpÀB³ 21: 87). 4- fsRy pOG~hUik;, plgjYpUik;, rjÍ|lufuk;, :iCUik;… tmk[ eyÉk;, éfsRy sfËkdX c+fj&k;ê sdl![ L#l|kij(Sh)[ Lmk/~r[P; K!l)kd éLFil, 74 - Tf[ |pJcjsRy K=m)aln[. akEdIkR Lssh|j :u |pJcln[ Tf[. CkvemanI GIssZhmcm[m hnizmkhpw; 294 AXnsXnscbpÅ ZpcmNmc hnizm