Richard Matthew Stallman, known to many people as RMS. Founder of th eFree Software Foundation, primary author of the GPL GNU General Public License. At MIT, got new laserprinters, didn't work, asked for sourcecode. Sorry, not possible, NDA you know. RMS started thinking. Result Free Software
Tim Berners-Lee, at CERN, invented the HTTP Protocol. Which in turn defined the commercial Interneta s we know it nowadays. Anyone remember Gopher? ;-) One principle: keep it free, what if HTTP was patented? The W3C has a strict royalty free patent policy.
Linus Torvalds at the time he wrote the first kernel. More an exercise in programming th efeatures of the 386. Remember how Jon “maddog” Hall organised the money for his 386 machine ;-) Linus is a pragmatic hacker in the real sense of the word.
1. < The Magic of Infinity> ∞ Harish Pillay R ed Hat [email_address] SFD Singapore 2009
2. <or how abundance drives innovation and economies >
3. 30 minutes ... Scarcity Abundance Vision
4. <choice> Scarcity
5. <choice> Atoms
6. <choice> Atoms – while abundant individually, are scarce in blobs
7. <choice> Atoms/blobs - constrained by classical economic laws of supply and demand
8. <choice> When you control atoms, you define what can be done ...
9. <choice> ... and at what price
10. <choice> With that, scarcity is enforced
11. <choice> Bits?
12. <choice> Abundance
13. <choice> “ When you go through customs you declare your atoms, not your bits.” Nicholas Negroponte “ Being Digital”
14. <choice> Bits are permanently abundant
15. <choice> The billionth copy of the first bit is identical in every way
16. <choice> So, again, the classical economic theory of scarcity is not applicable to bits
17. <choice> Abundance rulez!
18. <choice> Theory of large numbers rulez!
19. <choice> When the numbers are large enough - approaching infinity - magic happens
20. <choice> Linux kernel in Fedora 9 has 204,500,946 source lines of code ... Linux Foundation October 2008
21. <choice> ... taken 59,389.53 man years to develop ... Linux Foundation October 2008
22. <choice> And $10,784,484,309 to deliver! Linux Foundation October 2008
23. <choice> ... yet all the bits are free in both beer and speech terms
24. <choice> hence, the classical economic theory of scarcity is not applicable to bits
25. <choice> Vision
26. <choice> “ If you have visions, you better visit a doctor.” Helmut Schmidt former chancellor of germany
27. <choice> 85% of all companies worldwide use Open Source (Gartner 2008-11)
28. <choice> 30% of all servers in companies run Linux (European Commission Report 2007)
29. <choice> >1 in 5 Browsers used is Firefox (since Nov 2004) ( http://marketshare.hitslink.com/browser-market-share.aspx?qprid=1 , Feb 2009 )
30. <choice> 80% of all commercially deployed and supported Linux is Red Hat (Gartner 2008)
32. <choice> 100% of Red Hat is Open Source and Open Standards-based (me, today)
33. <choice> Communities rule everything
34. <choice> Communities in the thousands
35. <choice> Smart folks Are evenly spread around the world
36. <choice> Internet + smart folks => changes everything
37. <choice> Don't let the Past control the future
38. <choice> Creativity and innovation need freedom
39. 30 minutes ... Quick History
40. The Beginning Why I Must Write GNU “ I consider that the golden rule requires that if I like a program I must share it with other people who like it. Software sellers want to divide the users and conquer them, make each user agree not to share with others. I refuse to break solidarity with other users in this way.” The Gnu Manifesto Richard Stallman, Founder of the Free Software Foundation, 1985 http://www.gnu.org/gnu/manifesto.html
41. Standards and control “ The decision to make the Web an open system was necessary for it to be universal. You can't propose that something be a universal space and at the same time keep control of it. ” Sir Tim Berners-Lee, Creator of the World Wide Web, 1998 http://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/FAQ.html
42. The birth of Linux To: comp.os.minix “ Hello everybody out there using minix - I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones....” Linus Torvalds, August 25, 1991
43. <history> Three things: OPEN source OPEN standards OPEN minds
44. <vision> Find Communities
45. <vision> Participate!
46. 30 minutes ... First they ignore you, then they laugh at you then they fight you then you win Mahatma Gandhi
47. The Future? <ul><li>With Abundance, people succeed in participation, sharing and becoming innovative
48. Open Source makes it possible
49. Internet will drive even more change
50. The $$$ is in creating and offering the Open Infrastructure
51. Old-School value chains will die
52. New economics leads to Profits! </li></ul>
53. Think about <ul><li>“ Value for money, fit for purpose”
54. Context is important. Is it tactical? Or is it reactive? Or is it strategic?
55. National agendas can move rapidly when the open source community is engaged and engergized
56. Offer: The Singaporean open source community is ready and willing to help with iN2015 visions. Please engage with us. </li></ul>
57. Acknowledgements <ul>Lawrence Lessig for this layout Free Software Foundation Linux Foundation Open Source Initiative Fedora Project Red Hat The Open Source Communities Linux Users' Group (Singapore) et al </ul>