PRODUCTION METHODS
METHODS OF PRODUCTION
The methods of production can be of the
following types:
1. Intermittent or interrupted
production
a...
JOB PRODUCTION
In this type of production, every job
is different from the other in terms of
type, cost, efforts, consumpt...
This is used when one item at a time is
produced. Examples include:
Bridge building
Office blocks
 ADVANTAGES
 Reaching the target customer’s
requirements
 Special training to labor
 Best suitable for pull system of ...
BATCH PRODUCTION
All the products manufactured under
a batch are similar in terms of type, cost,
efforts, consumption of m...
This is when the same product is made for a
while, then production is switched to another
product. They will return to the...
 ADVANTAGES
 cost of product design per unit is low
 Economies of production
 Flow of materials can be continuous
 Au...
MASS PRODUCTION
This is also called flow production.
The production can be undertaken on large
and specialized machines an...
This is when goods are mass made continuously
on a production line.
Examples include:
Cars
Glass
Microchips
 ADVANTAGES
 Mechanization and division of labour
 Large – scale economies
 Minimum material handling costs
 DISADVAN...
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Methods of Production : Job, Batch & Mass Productiion

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Methods of Production : Job, Batch & Mass Productiion

  1. 1. PRODUCTION METHODS
  2. 2. METHODS OF PRODUCTION The methods of production can be of the following types: 1. Intermittent or interrupted production a. Job Production b. Batch Production 2. Mass and flow line production
  3. 3. JOB PRODUCTION In this type of production, every job is different from the other in terms of type, cost, efforts, consumption of materials or specifications.
  4. 4. This is used when one item at a time is produced. Examples include: Bridge building Office blocks
  5. 5.  ADVANTAGES  Reaching the target customer’s requirements  Special training to labor  Best suitable for pull system of demand  DISADVANTAGES X Time taking X Large scale economies cannot be realized X Costliest X Division of labor is not possible
  6. 6. BATCH PRODUCTION All the products manufactured under a batch are similar in terms of type, cost, efforts, consumption of materials or specifications.
  7. 7. This is when the same product is made for a while, then production is switched to another product. They will return to the production of the first product again later on. Examples include: Bakers Clothing manufacturers Coca Cola bottling plants
  8. 8.  ADVANTAGES  cost of product design per unit is low  Economies of production  Flow of materials can be continuous  Automation and mechanization  DISADVANTAGES X Varying customer demands X Not appropriate for pull system
  9. 9. MASS PRODUCTION This is also called flow production. The production can be undertaken on large and specialized machines and processes.
  10. 10. This is when goods are mass made continuously on a production line. Examples include: Cars Glass Microchips
  11. 11.  ADVANTAGES  Mechanization and division of labour  Large – scale economies  Minimum material handling costs  DISADVANTAGES X Special care X Idle machinery may result in wastage of resources X Bottle necks
  12. 12. THANK YOU
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