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Bandura and adams

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Published in: Lifestyle, Spiritual

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  • 1. Bandura and Adams
    Analysis of self-efficacy theory of behavioural change.
  • 2. Aim
    To assess the self-efficacy of patients undergoing systematic desensitisation in relation to their behaviour with previously phobic objects.
  • 3. Methodology
    A controlled quasi-experiment with patients with snake phobias.
  • 4. Participants
    Ten snake phobic patients who replied to an advertisement in a newspaper. There were nine females and one males, aged 19-57 years.
  • 5. Procedure
    Pre-test assessment: each patient was assessed for avoidance behaviour towards a boa constrictor, then fear arousal was assessed with an oral rating of 1-10 and finally efficacy expectations (how well they thought they will be able to perform different behaviours with the snake). Their fear of snakes was also measured on a scale, along with their own rating on how effectively they would be able to cope.
  • 6. Continued...
    Systematic desensitisation: a standard programme was followed, where patientes were introduced to a series of events involving snakes and each were taught relaxation. These ranged from imagining looking at a picture of a snake to handling a live snake.
    Post-test assessment: each participant was again measured on behaviours and belief of self-efficacy in coping.
  • 7. Findings
    Higher levels of post-tests self-efficacy were found to correlate with higher levels of interaction with snakes.
  • 8. Conclusion
    Desensitisation enhanced self-efficacy levels, which in turn led to a belief that the participant was able to cope with the phobic stimulus of a snake.