Lincoln’s Inaugural Address Lincoln addressed the issues that went along with southern succession. He said that the Union would not be the first one to attack. The address stated that a southern succession would be impossible because Union land was located on Confederate lands, such as Fort Sumter.
Fort Sumter, the War Begins
Lincoln told the fort not to use violence against Confederates.
On April 12, 1861, the Confederate army attacked Fort Sumter and on April 14 the fort surrendered to South Carolina.
The Union troops had to advance on the South before adequate training.
The Confederates with the help of reinforcements gained a victory.
This was the first large battle of the war.
Shiloh Confederates attacked Union troops under Ulysses S. Grant on April 6, 1862. Union reinforcements arrived at night and they were able to surprise the Confederates and gain a victory. This was the first big victory for the Union. Casualties were high: Union: 13,000 Confederate: 11,000
Antietam Was thought of as the bloodiest battle of the war. The battle ended without any clear winner. The British and French backed off from joining the Confederacy because of this battle, allowing Lincoln to make his Emancipation Proclamation that freed the slaves.
Gettysburg General Lee of the Confederates invaded the north until he ran into General Meade and his troops at Gettysburg. General Meade won the long and grueling battle, that saw the most casualties of any other battle. This battle became the most decisive battle in the war because it drove the Confederates out of the north, changing the momentum of the war. Lincoln made his historic Gettysburg Address at the battlefield.
Wilderness Campaign General Grant had a mission to take control of Virginia. Grant and General Lee had continuous battles in the wilderness. Even though the Union suffered more casualties, they could replace their losses whereas the Confederates could not. Union victories continued because the Confederates were outnumbered.
Cold Harbor General Grant attacked General Lee’s Confederate army and lost. Even though Lee won the battle, he was never able to recover. This was the Confederates last clear cut victory.
Fall of the Confederacy Transportation problems and blockades by the Union caused severe food and supplies shortages. Starving soldiers abandoned General Lee’s army. Confederate forces were continuously dropping in numbers.
The Fall of Richmond General Lee attacked General Grant’s Union troops near Petersburg intending on making the Confederate capital city of Richmond, Virginia safe.
Lee ended up losing the battle and had to abandon the capital.
Lee and his troops headed westward to join forces with the other Confederates.
Confederate Surrender General Grant surrounded General Lee’s troops on April 7, 1865. Lee surrendered at the Appomattox Courthouse. The Confederates were defeated soon after and the Union won the war.
Lincoln’s Assassination and the 13th Amendment On April 14, 1865 Abraham Lincoln was watching a play at Ford’s Theatre and was shot in the head by John Wilkes Boothe. Lincoln’s death led to the 13th amendment that freed the slaves.
Works Cited www.flickr.com http://search.creativecommons.org/# http://americancivilwar.com/pictures/ http://www.whyguides.com/why-did-the-civil-war-happen.html