Lincoln’s Inaugural Address<br />Lincoln addressed the issues that went along with southern succession.<br />He said that the Union would not be the first one to attack.<br />The address stated that a southern succession would be impossible because Union land was located on Confederate lands, such as Fort Sumter.<br />
Fort Sumter, the War Begins<br /><ul><li>Lincoln told the fort not to use violence against Confederates.
On April 12, 1861, the Confederate army attacked Fort Sumter and on April 14 the fort surrendered to South Carolina.</li></li></ul><li>Bull Run<br /><ul><li>The Union troops had to advance on the South before adequate training.
The Confederates with the help of reinforcements gained a victory.
This was the first large battle of the war.</li></li></ul><li>Shiloh<br />Confederates attacked Union troops under Ulysses S. Grant on April 6, 1862.<br />Union reinforcements arrived at night and they were able to surprise the Confederates and gain a victory.<br />This was the first big victory for the Union.<br />Casualties were high: <br /> Union: 13,000<br /> Confederate: 11,000<br />
Antietam<br />Was thought of as the bloodiest battle of the war.<br />The battle ended without any clear winner.<br />The British and French backed off from joining the Confederacy because of this battle, allowing Lincoln to make his Emancipation Proclamation that freed the slaves.<br />
Gettysburg<br />General Lee of the Confederates invaded the north until he ran into General Meade and his troops at Gettysburg. <br />General Meade won the long and grueling battle, that saw the most casualties of any other battle.<br />This battle became the most decisive battle in the war because it drove the Confederates out of the north, changing the momentum of the war.<br />Lincoln made his historic Gettysburg Address at the battlefield.<br />
Wilderness Campaign<br />General Grant had a mission to take control of Virginia.<br />Grant and General Lee had continuous battles in the wilderness.<br />Even though the Union suffered more casualties, they could replace their losses whereas the Confederates could not.<br />Union victories continued because the Confederates were outnumbered.<br />
Cold Harbor<br />General Grant attacked General Lee’s Confederate army and lost. <br />Even though Lee won the battle, he was never able to recover.<br />This was the Confederates last clear cut victory.<br />
Fall of the Confederacy<br />Transportation problems and blockades by the Union caused severe food and supplies shortages.<br />Starving soldiers abandoned General Lee’s army.<br />Confederate forces were continuously dropping in numbers.<br />
The Fall of Richmond<br />General Lee attacked General Grant’s Union troops near Petersburg intending on making the Confederate capital city of Richmond, Virginia safe.<br /><ul><li>Lee ended up losing the battle and had to abandon the capital.
Lee and his troops headed westward to join forces with the other Confederates.</li></li></ul><li>Confederate Surrender<br />General Grant surrounded General Lee’s troops on April 7, 1865.<br />Lee surrendered at the Appomattox Courthouse.<br />The Confederates were defeated soon after and the Union won the war.<br />
Lincoln’s Assassination and the 13th Amendment<br />On April 14, 1865 Abraham Lincoln was watching a play at Ford’s Theatre and was shot in the head by John Wilkes Boothe.<br />Lincoln’s death led to the 13th amendment that freed the slaves.<br />
Works Cited<br />www.flickr.com<br />http://search.creativecommons.org/#<br />http://americancivilwar.com/pictures/<br />http://www.whyguides.com/why-did-the-civil-war-happen.html<br />