Learning Skills


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Important techniques to improve reading skills

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Learning Skills

  1. 1. Reading skills<br />Patricia Varela P. <br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Reading is a very important process, is one of the main ways to learn anything.<br />What we are reading has to make sense to us, otherwise we would not comprehend the material. Therefore, some techniques that may help us to better understand our readings will help us to improve our reading skills.<br />Reading skills means being able to understand most of our readings, from easy ones to challenging ones, from essays to novels, etc. <br />Reading skills includes: taking good notes, making and underlining properly, being able to read from multiple sources about the same subject, reading difficult material, reading essays, good reading speed, and some general methods such as SQ3R.<br />
  3. 3. Reading Critically<br />How to become a critical thinker?<br />Be honest with themselves<br />Resist manipulation<br />Overcome confusion<br />Ask questions<br />Base judgments on evidence<br />Look for connections between subjects<br />Be intellectually independent<br />What questions to ask ourselves?<br /><ul><li> What is the topic the book or reading?
  4. 4. What issues are addressed?
  5. 5. What conclusion does the author reach about the issue(s)?
  6. 6. What are the author’s reasons for his or her statements or belief?
  7. 7. Is the author using facts, theory, or faith?</li></li></ul><li>Taking notes from a textbook<br />Read a section<br /> Read just enough to keep an understanding of the material. <br /> Focus only on understanding the material. <br /> Do not take notes as you are reading the first time, it is not an efficient.<br />Review the material<br />Locate the main ideas, as well as important sub-points<br />Set the book aside and put the textbook information in your own words.<br />Take notes<br />Write down your paraphrased ideas as your notes.<br />Add enough detail to understand.<br />
  8. 8. Learning from multiple sources<br />Read your text in order to provide the factual framework from which to begin.<br />Proceed to look for shorter, more focused sources<br />Practice with multiple texts to improve your evaluative skills:<br />compare and contrast your sources<br />analyze them for bias or viewpoint<br />note when and where they were written, and how that affects the viewpoint<br /> Understand the connections between events, actors, and circumstances.<br /> Test your understanding: Use discussion time and ask questions.<br />
  9. 9. Reading and Understanding Essays<br />Think about the title, what does it tell you? What do you already know about the subject?<br />Think about when was the essay written, how much does it affects the essay&apos;s viewpoint? <br />Focus on who wrote it? and think about his/her prejudices and what do you expect him or her to say?<br />Mark the most important information to you while reading the essay. <br />Once you have finished the article, reflect on what have you learned? and on how does it relate to what you already know?<br />Make out a summary sheet on the essay<br />
  10. 10. Reading difficult material<br />Scan the section you chose to start with.<br />Start by reading what you understand.<br />Practice the &quot;look away method&quot;: take breaks where you ask yourself questions relating to the text.<br />Look up those words you do not understand<br />Read to the end and do not get discouraged<br />Organize your notes by connecting ideas<br />If you did not understand the reading well enough, try it again the next day.<br />If the text did not get easy, consult a specialist.<br />
  11. 11. Speed and comprehension<br />Speed<br />Each book has a different rate, you cannot read every book at the same speed.<br />Some books are more difficult to read, and therefore comprehension depends on a slow reading<br />Every once in a while, time yourself reading a chapter. <br />Comprehension<br />Scan the text first<br />Take good notes<br />
  12. 12. Marking and underlining<br />Read a section of your text<br />Review the section after you read it.<br />Number important ideas in the margin.<br />Underline: main subjects, examples of main ideas, unknown vocabulary.<br />
  13. 13. SQ3R Method<br />SQ3R : Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review.<br />Survey: the title, headings, captions, introduction, conclusion, summary.<br />Question: what did my teacher say about this text when it was assigned, what do i already know about this subject?<br />Read: look for answers to the questions you just did. Reduce your speed rate for challenging passages. Read only a section at a time.<br />Recite: after reading, orally ask yourself questions about what you just read, and answer them. Take notes in your own words. Underline important points. <br />Review: Follow the week process. <br />Day one - what you just did. <br />Day two - Scan the text and your notes, orally recite the answers from memory. <br />Days three to five - use your flash cards and test yourself with the questions formulated.<br />Weekend: Use the text and notes to make a table of contents and a spatial map, and recite the information while you are doing so.<br />
  14. 14. Conclusion<br />We have learn the following important reading skills: <br /><ul><li>Reading critically
  15. 15. Taking notes from a textbook
  16. 16. Learning from multiple sources
  17. 17. Reading and understanding essays
  18. 18. Reading difficult material
  19. 19. Speed and comprehension
  20. 20. Marking and underlining
  21. 21. SQ3R Method</li></ul>All this skills will help us understand the material we are trying to read. With good reading skills we are able to comprehend any material. <br /> Being an active reader means thinking about what you are reading and making an effort to understand. Reading is a complete activity that requires you to other things besides reading itself, such as, take notes, ask questions, underline, etc.<br />