Introduction Organizational goals can never be achieved without the willingness of the subordinates to put in their best effort. The Capacity to work & willingness to work are two different things. A force is needed that drives an employee to perform better, to improve his abilities, and to encourage him to behave in a certain way... This force is “Motivation…”
Points To Ponder… Dale Carnegie: When dealing with people, let us remember, we are not dealing with creatures of logic. We are dealing with creatures of emotion, creatures bristling with prejudices and motivated by pride and vanity. Robert Zend: People have one thing in common: they are all different.
Meaning: The word ‘motivation’ has been derived from the Latin term “Movere”- to move. It refers to a motive which urges a human being to act in a certain way. It is a psychological concept and related to human behavior.
Definitions Motivation is a process of stimulating people to action to accomplish desired goals. -W.G.SCOTT Motivation is the drive within an individual that drives him towards goal-oriented action. -DR.TERRY In short, Motivation is the sum total of all the efforts which encourages a worker to show better performance.
Characteristics Motivation is the internal feeling Source of motivation is need. Motivation changes according to the changes in man’s need As need are many, so also are the motives. Motives change according to time, circumstances, age and person. Motivation plays a significant role in human behaviour Motivation differ from person to person. Employees morale goes high due to motivation Employees become frustrated when their needs are not satisfied.
ImportanceJob Satisfaction.High performance level.Achievement of goals.Adjusting to ChangesLow labour turnover.Low Absenteeism. If employees are not motivated, the best of technology, techniques, methods and plans are, Useless.
Types of Motivation Positive or Incentive motivation: This is based on reward and includes praise, competition, participation, pride, delegation of responsibility, appreciation and PAY. Negative or Fear motivation: This is based on force and fear. In such a case, the worker may be threatened with lay- off or demotion. Thus the negative fear or motivation is a ‘push’ mechanism.
Introduction to theories of Motivation. Different men have different motivational factors to influence them. Theories Of Motivation represent different ways to motivate individuals. These theories have been formulated by different authors based on realistic conditions.
Theories… Maslows need hierarchy Herzberg’s two-factor McGregor’s X & Y Theory
Herzberg’s Theory Introduction: A research study was conducted by F.Herzberg of Caste Western Reserve University and associates. It consisted of an intensive analysis of the experiences/ feelings of 200 employees in different companies in USA He asked them of previous job experience where they had felt “exceptionally good” or “exceptionally bad” about their jobs.
McGregor’s Theory. Assumptions… Theory X Theory Y1)Employees should be 1)Average person can learn to controlled with accept & even seek punishment. responsibility.2)Employees will shirk 2)Creativity is in all. responsibilities.3)Employees will dislike work 3)Employees can view the work and try to avoid it. as natural as rest or play.4)Most workers place 4)Employees will exercise self security above all factors. direction & self control if they are committed to objective
Problems in Motivation Uneven Motivation Problems of Implementation Problems of elements Problems of moderate motivation Limitations of employees Motivations is an internal Instinct