LEVITATION ACT Zaha Hadid’s PHAENO SCIENCE CENTER floats above Wolfsburg, GermanyALSO IN T HIS ISSUE LIGHTING SECTION
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02.2006 On the Cover: phaeno Science Center, by Zaha Hadid Architects. Photograph by Klemens Ortmeyer Right: Rendering of DOSarchitects’ forthcoming Inﬁniti Tower in Dubai. News 110 Curran House, California by John King* David Baker + Partners, Architects 25 2006 AIA Honor Awards 114 Judenburg West Housing, Austria by Liane Lefaivre* 26 Hurricane rebuilding report Mack Architects Departments 118 Rag Flats, Pennsylvania by Jane F. Kolleeny* Onion Flats 17 Editorial: A League of Our Own 122 K Lofts, California by Allison Milionis* 19 Letters* Jonathan Segal Architect 43 Archrecord2 by Ingrid Spencer* For additional Multifamily Housing projects, go to Building Types 47 Critique: New plans for the Gulf by Michael Sorkin Study at www.archrecord.com. 55 Snapshot: Leinster House by Beth Broome189 Dates & Events* Architectural Technology212 AR Past and Present by Suzanne Stephens* 129 New Technologies Create New Challenges by Sara Hart* Features Using building process to manage a plethora of options. 60 Dubai Rises by Robert Ivy, FAIA 139 Tech Briefs* A former desert outpost is now a booming construction market. Lighting Projects 147 Introduction 70 phaeno Science Center, Germany by Clifford A. Pearson* 148 Lost House by William Weathersby, Jr. Zaha Hadid Architects Adjaye Associates An icon emerges, poured out in concrete and glass. 154 Louis Vuitton by Robert Such 82 GM Renaissance Center, Michigan by Suzanne Stephens* George Sexton Associates Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, Chicago 160 Lighting Profile: Iole Alessandrini by Robert Such How a radical renovation has raised hopes for an aging complex. 165 Product Design: Gehry Cloud Lamps by William Weathersby, Jr. 92 Bridges Center, Tennessee by James Roper* buildingstudio 167 Lighting Products A modern community space helps mend divides in Memphis. 98 Rehabilitation of Santa Caterina Market, Spain by David Cohn* Products Miralles/Tagliabue – EMBT 173 Flooring: Wood, Resilient & Concrete Bold and bright, a reconstruction project breathes life into a slum. 177 Product Briefs 185 Product Literature Building Types Study 854109 Introduction: Multifamily Housing by Jane F. Kolleeny 192 Reader Service* 198 AIA/CES Self-Report Form* * You can find these stories at www.archrecord.com, including expanded coverage of Projects, Building Types Studies, and AR is the proud recipient of a Web-only special features. National Magazine Award for General Excellence 02.06 Architectural Record 13
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LettersTowering out of context ing the images of the Akron “building materials.” Having been antichildren or ignores the real DEPARTMENTSI was struck by the very nature of Museum of Art’s project. I was educated as an architect in the needs of a family as the architec-the Agbar Tower, featured in your delighted to see the two-page U.K., I remain speechless about tural profession does. We areJanuary issue [page 88], and headline that encapsulated why the lack of innovation in building called on to design schools, play-couldn’t agree more with the museum design is now so impor- technology and building design in grounds, and other child-intensiveassessment that the “inky surface tant—because it is one of the U.S. Perhaps it’s because such environments. However, when itappears to ripple under a liquid architecture’s only venues for artis- a small fraction of our built envi- comes to housing, children andfilm, sparkling through a jigsaw- tic growth. I could not agree more ronment has seen the hand of an traditional family life are better notpuzzle of color.” I am also intrigued (at least for us in the U.S.). I am architect; perhaps it’s because seen or heard or dealt with.by the concrete-bearing-wall tech- glad Russell takes the museum most builders think “stick framing” Pedro Dieznology, a wonderful approach with field to task for being too safe. when it comes to small-scale and Miamian old-school solution to modern Though one admires Renzo Piano’s domestic buildings; maybe it’smaterials and forms. sensitive galleries and excellent because we suffer from a “not CORRECTIONS I do, however, take exception grasp of the budgetary, security, invented here” approach to new A photograph of Luce et Studioto the treatment of the city that is and climate control issues for products from around the world. Architects’ Nissan Design Americahome to this “tower.” The article museums, the buildings are simply Ever so slowly we are seeing in the December Vanguard issuewas desperately lacking in taking uninspiring. If a museum is merely the emergence of products that for [page 80] was miscredited. Thethe architect, the planners, and the an articulated warehouse, what many years have been available photographer was Peter Bernheim.developer to task for allowing and, does that say about how we overseas. While I’m not privy to In the same issue [page 96], itin fact, encouraging this apparent regard art? the strategy for your new green was stated that Evan Douglis hasslap in the face to the people of When the Art Gallery of magazine you mentioned, I hope it been the undergraduate chair ofthe city. To state that “Barcelona Ontario spoke with artists in the shows architects and builders how Pratt Institute’s School ofplanners hope to spur growth with- community, it turned out they technologies from abroad can Architecture since 1993. In fact, heout sacrificing the historic core” is wanted wood floors in Frank transform the costs and the sus- has held this position since 2003.to imply that the historic core is Gehry’s new contemporary art tainability of so many buildings in The November issue’s Productsimply a “place,” and that once galleries. He, of course, wanted this country. Getting those prod- Resource section included anoutside of that core, one should concrete. As nice as concrete can ucts into the U.S. is never easy, incorrect e-mail address for Dunn-not be restricted to appropriate be, I think the artists wanted their but perhaps your magazine could Edwards. The correct address isdevelopment, but rather should work to be shown in a space that prompt some enterprising organi- www.dunnedwards.com. A captionflaunt one’s separation. was more special than a SAM’s zations to begin thinking outside in the December feature “Young ARCHITECTURAL RECORD needs Club warehouse. of their construction technology Turks in Big Tents” [page 70] incor-to look beyond the pretty pictures I hope our new building will hit boxes. With the right backing and rectly referred to the Persian Gulfand the glistening jewels and the both goals: exciting symbolic forms international partnerships, perhaps as the Arabian Gulf. A January“starchitects” to the more challeng- and also functional spaces and we could all benefit from a new news item [page 36] stated thating question: Was it the right galleries. You and others will be wave of effective, highly sustain- the new Getty Villa in Los Angelesbuilding to put here? Do not stop the judge. able and proven products and would be an educational centershowing the very best, the most Mitchell Kahan assemblies for the U.S. market. dedicated to the study of the artsinteresting, the most creative proj- Director Phil Allsopp and cultures of ancient Rome,ects out there—we both want and Akron Art Museum Huntington Woods, Mich. Greece, and “Eritrea.” The latterneed to see them. But we also Akron, Ohio should have read Etruria. Robertneed to have more critical assess- Seen, not heard Campbell’s January Critique [pagements of the buildings so that we It’s not easy being green Reading most articles on urban 57] stated that the position ofcan see both the wonder and the I read your December editorial sprawl [Residential section, president of the RIBA is held bythings that do not work so well. [“Green and Proud of It,” page 19] October 2005, page 209], it is not George Ferguson. The current presi-David C. Anderson, AIA with great interest. As you so elo- hard to imagine the writers being dent of the RIBA is Jack Pringle.Golden, Colo. quently mentioned, practices like single, or married with no children, Foster and Partners have been and no plans for them, either. MostMuseum musings designing “green” for a few proponents of the “vertical notThank you for James Russell’s decades, creating buildings from horizontal” growth do not seem toNovember feature, “Architectural a wide variety of materials and have a grasp on the reality of fami-Culture Versus Museum Culture” subassemblies that would not be lies in the traditional sense. I have Please send your letters to[page 82], and thank you for includ- regarded by most in the U.S. as never seen a profession that is so firstname.lastname@example.org. 02.06 Architectural Record 19
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News Briefs Luther Partnership in Abilene, Texas, in 1957. He served as presi- M. Young, Jr. Award, honoring social responsibility in the profession. dent of the Abilene Chapter of the Landsmark has been president and AIA in 1973, and president of the C.E.O. of the Boston ArchitecturalHoll designing Denver court- located in the corner of Denver’s Texas Society of Architects in 1993. Center since 1997. Currently, he ishouse Steven Holl Architects, in city government complex, called His national positions establishing thecollaboration with Denver-based “Civic Center”—a large public have included a seat Robert Housemanfirm klipp Architecture, has been park rimmed with government on the AIA board of and the Richardselected as leading designer for a buildings and cultural institutions directors, regional Kirkham Fundnew downtown courthouse in that serves as the heart of the director for NCARB, for Diverse HighDenver. The project will be the city—on the western edge of down- membership in the School Students P H OTO G R A P H Y : C O U R T E SY A M E R I C A N I N S T I T U T E O F A R C H I T E CT Scenterpiece of the city’s downtown town. The 430,000-square-foot, American Architectural Entering the DesignJustice Center, which will include $114 million detention facility Foundation Board of Professions. As chairthe courthouse, a new will be designed Regents, and a series of the AIA Diversitypost office, a new deten- by Washington, of appointments in the Theodore Landsmark. Committee sincetion center, and a D.C.–based Hartman- AIA College of Fellows. 2002, Landsmarkrenovated county jail. The Cox Architects. In Texas, he cofounded the Abilene oversaw development of thecourthouse project is Cynthia Kemper Cultural Affairs Council and the Demographic Diversity Auditexpected to break ground Texas Cultural Trust as chair of the that was submitted at the AIA’sin spring 2007. Tittle taking Texas Commission on the Arts in December board meeting. He Holl was chosen Kemper After the 1990s. He now chairs the is also president-elect of thefor the $99 million, spending almost Abilene Cultural Affairs Council Association of Collegiate Schools$335,000-square-foot James Tittle. five decades in a and Young Audiences, an arts- of Architecture, for which two majorDistrict Courthouse over a variety of state, regional, and education program. David Sokol objectives are “to significantlyshort list that included Robert A.M. national roles for the American improve communication amongStern, Foster and Partners, and Institute of Architects, James D. Landsmark wins Whitney faculty, and … to address seriouslyRichard Meier & Partner. Designs Tittle will receive the Edward C. Young The AIA has announced the issue of lack of diversity inare expected by April. Kemper Award for individual service that it will honor Theodore our faculty and student bodies.” The Justice Center will be to the AIA. Tittle founded Tittle Landsmark with its 2006 Whitney David Sokol CIRCLE 25 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
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archrecord.com/archrecord2/ For and about the emerging architect archrecord2 Inspiration abounds this month, beginning with Design, featuring San Francisco Bay Area architect DEPARTMENTS Thom Faulders, whose work is influenced by everything from kitchen sponges to electronics and athletic-shoe design. The theme continues in Work, with two of 2005’s winning designs from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Solar Decathlon, a competition as worthwhile as it is stimulating. Visit Design, Work, Live, and Talk at archrecord.com/archrecord2/ for more inspired new design. Design Thom Faulders: Finding depth in surfaces Thom Faulders appreciates contradictions, and his work exempli- fies his ability to embrace the many sides of architecture—the conceptual and the built, the artistic and the practical, the fixed structure and the perceived space. One of his current projects, a thin, foliagelike, stainless-steel skin for AirSpace, a multifamily housing unit in Tokyo, demonstrates his ideas about the beauty in contrasts. “Surfaces can be a real opportunity,” he says, “and for AirSpace, I was inspired by foam, or a sponge. As an exterior membrane for a building, the lightweight steel becomes a zone where artificial meets nature. It protects the AirSpace, Tokyo, Japan, 2006 occupants from the roadway while at the same time providing a fluid environ- A thin, interstitial environment, ment that changes when sunlight and weather interact with it.” the articulated densities of Faulders says he really found his way to architecture by studying it, leav- AirSpace’s lightweight stainless- the building—a multifamily ing it and becoming an artist, then returning and starting a company called steel meshwork are layered in housing unit. Views are shielded Beige Design; he’s currently rebranding the company, but says he chose the response to the inner workings of behind the skin’s foliagelike cover. name because his anything-but-bland designs contradict its neutrality. Looking for the differences in things, the contrasts, and elements about struc- tures that continue to change is what most interests him about architecture. “We’re hardwired to recognize difference,” he says, “and although there has to be some constant medium to contrast it to, finding that difference, designing it, is fun.” As an installation artist, Faulders says his work was so heavily concept-based that he found he was boring himself and feeling isolated. Getting back to theI M A G E S : C O U R T E SY T H O M FAU L D E R S “meatspace”—a term coined by hackers and techno geeks to refer to the real space we live in, as opposed to cyberspace—helped him find an outlet for concepts that had some practical Particle Reflex, SFMOMA, uses, too. “My work still has strong concept-based and academic underpin- San Francisco, 2001 nings,” says Faulders, “but now it exists in ‘solid space.’ ” Another contradiction? Part of the SFMOMA Experimental “Yes, but I’m always looking for a dynamic way to express myself.” Design Awards exhibition, Particle In seeking to express and create dynamic designs, Faulders says he finds Reﬂex, made of acrylic panels, was inspiration outside of architecture, in industries such as electronics, aeronautics, tethered in the air with bungee and athletic gear. The iPod in particular has inspired him lately. “It’s not just an cords, allowing for unpredictable artifact,” he says. “It’s flexible, customizable, and practical.” connective patterns to emerge. 02.06 Architectural Record 43
archrecord.com/archrecord2/ Claiming to be neither a geek nor a romantic when it comes to design,Faulders says he appreciates innovators, particularly the fresh visions of students.He currently teaches at the California College of the Arts, in San Francisco andOakland. “I enjoy thinkers who keep pushing the envelope,” he says. “Students dothat.” His own projects attempt that push, including installations such as ParticleReflex, his 2001 San Francisco Museum of Modern Art piece that used plastic pan-els held in midair by bungee cords to form a giant volume, at once structured andyet changeable due to environmental stimuli. Whether in plastic, steel, or concrete,Faulder’s work is always seeking mutation. “I see materials as verbs,” he says,“whether they have inherent, verblike qualities or become dynamic as I work withthem.” Faulders doesn’t see architecture as everlasting. “Forces change buildings Deform House/Private Gallery,in time,” he says. “Everything changes. That’s what’s interesting.” Ingrid Spencer San Francisco, 2006 This gallery addition is centered onFor more photos and projects by Thom Faulders, go to a ceiling and rear wall lining thatarchrecord.com/archrecord2/. uses virtual tactics that appear to Chromogenic Dwelling, unbuilt “react” to a person’s presence in the A competition proposal for multi- space. Depending on an occupant’s family housing in San Francisco, position, the randomly spaced the Chromogenic Dwelling solves grooves visually bunch, bulge, and contextual massing issues by align in indeterminate formations. deploying a real-time electronic window system that continually changes its pattern according to the building’s daily occupancy load and individuals’ needs for adjusting light and privacy.Work I M A G E S : C O U R T E SY T H O M FAU L D E R S ( TO P T W O ) ; C O R N E L L U N I V E R S I T Y / J E F F W O L F R A M ( B OT TO M L E F T ) ;Solar Decathlon winners bring on the sunBen Uyeda is fighting a culture war. Butit’s not about guns, gays, or abortion—it’s about solar power. Uyeda is the chiefarchitecture officer for an ecofriendlydeveloper called Independence EnergyHomes. The technical problems in usingphotovoltaic cells to power houses were Designed by students at Cornell University (left) andsolved long ago, he observes, but the the University of Colorado (above), these solar-poweredhard part is altering consumers’ percep- mobile homes placed second and ﬁrst, respectively, intions. “You can put ‘bio’ or ‘eco’ in front of the U.S. Department of Energy’s 2005 Solar Decathlon.anything and people won’t care unlessyou communicate how it makes their lives better,” says the 27-year-old Uyeda. Cornell’s house placed second in the 2005 Decathlon, surpassed only by To demonstrate value, Independence will partner with developer Growth the University of Colorado’s entry. The Colorado team also hopes to take itsCorridor to build 70 homes in the Berkshire Mountains of Massachusetts later design to a larger audience and is now working with the Genesis subsidiary of U N I V E R S I T Y O F C O LO R A D O ( B OT TO M R I G H T )this year. They hope to convince buyers that photovoltaic cells are a capital Champion Homes. Colorado’s design innovates in more ways than just its archi-expense that can be part of a mortgage and thus yield a fixed cost for energy. tecture. The team invented “Bio-SIPs,” structural insulated panels composed ofIt’s a persuasive argument, given the skyrocketing prices of conventional soy-based insulation and SonoBoard, a lightweight composite paneling made ofenergy sources such as oil and electricity. recycled paper and wood. Julee Herdt, an associate professor of architecture Uyeda, who received his master’s in architecture from Cornell University in at the University of Colorado, cocreated SonoBoard in the 1990s. Although the2005, founded Independence with four other Cornell grads while they were com- product’s manufacturer recently discontinued it, Herdt and the U.S. Departmentpeting in the U.S. Department of Energy’s Solar Decathlon. Held semiannually in of Agriculture’s Forest Products Laboratory are developing a newer version withWashington, D.C., the event challenges student teams to design and build solar- an eye to commercial application in SIPs. Herdt hopes it will be ready for thepowered houses. Richard King, the Decathlon’s founder and director, says judges next Decathlon in 2007. James Murdockmainly look for curb appeal. “One of the barriers to solar power is that people thinkit’s ugly,” King explains. “That’s why we’re looking for photovoltaic systems inte- For more information on the Solar Decathlon and the University of Coloradograted right into a house, rather than just stuck on as an afterthought or retrofit.” and Cornell University’s winning houses, go to archrecord.com/archrecord2/.44 Architectural Record 02.06
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Will new plans for the Gulf drown it again, this time in nostalgia? Critique By Michael Sorkin The recent report by the Congress any real attention to the issues of who pay the group’s bills. What a vate sector can produce what we DEPARTMENTS for the New Urbanism (CNU) on the natural systems so crucial in the pity that so much good effort is need, etc.), but even these are ghet- reconstruction of the Mississippi Gulf wake of a disaster whose effects rendered ridiculous by being immu- toized in their own separate—and coast is impressive for the speed of were founded in willful environmen- nized against interpretation, by the easily ignored—report. Bromides to its execution, its voluminousness, tal ignorance. While the report dogmatic insistence that intelligent the contrary notwithstanding, the and its sound recommendations groans with morphological instruc- urbanism must always be sub- CNU—in its actual practice—has for transport infrastructure, neigh- tions, it is virtually mute on servient to the stylistic peccadilloes become the corporate advocate for borhood consolidation, and the 11 mitigation strategies for the of a single imagination and its up- monochrome, strictly residential, towns it examines. But, like so much inevitable future storms and floods, tight tastes. single-class, automobile-based, CNU product, these useful ideas are and offers next to nothing about Because of this narrow fixa- visually homogeneous towns and weighted by a concrete kimono, an energy, cooling, materials, waste tion, the CNU project has become suburbs that increasingly camou- overwhelming fixation on architec- ture, a unitary fantasy of perfection that seeks to prescribe the precise character of every stick and stone in the state. Grafted to the collection of town plans (and promulgated in an accompanying “pattern book” being distributed in the tens of thousands at local Wal-Marts) are reams of model architectural and planning code, generic CNU boilerplate speci-R E N D E R I N G S : C O U R T E SY M O U L E & P O LY ZO I D E S A R C H I T E CT S A N D U R B A N I S T S fying correct forms of architectural behavior, including styles, setbacks, window types, plantings for the front yard, color schemes, gazebos, picket fences, ad nauseam. The New Urbanists and designers working with them envision a new waterfront boulevard for Biloxi, Mississippi. The disproportionate promi- nence of prescription renders management, durable structures, increasingly undemocratic in both flage with hypocritical piety the suspect much of the appropriately wetlands restoration, barrier island style and content, advocating a larger failures of policy—economic, sketchy planning suggestions by protection, or flood-zone policy. To way of building that is constantly social, and environmental—that implying a necessary connection be sure, there is a brief laundry list defended as the people’s choice— they are allegedly designed to between the logic of light-rail or of environmental proposals (gener- as if any such unitary version of “the redress. By serving as the archi- centered neighborhoods and an ally no more than a sentence or people” exists in our marvelously tectes du roi for Haley Barbour and architectural uniformity designed to two each) attached to the “regional diverse country—but posed in a his clique (a marriage brokered by render every shotgun house, corner framework” plan (build one certi- way that offers only the most super- Mississippi real estate developer store, and casino stylistically the fied green building in each town, ficial and exclusionary options. As Leland Speed), the CNU functions same. This relentless specification promote energy efficiency, start with environmental questions, the as a fig leaf and advocate for the is purely formal: almost completely recycling, use rubble for fill, etc.), but CNU report offers a dozen vague Big Business programs and poli- absent from these “smart” codes is the weight of the CNU’s interest is recommendations for “social issues” cies—including massive casino clear. Lip-service to environmental (planning should accommodate construction, upscaling of coastal Contibuting editor Michael Sorkin and social issues smothered in piles diversity, low-income housing should development, environmental negli- is the director of the urban design of maniacal detail on traditional acts “look good,” there should be rental gence, repression of diversity, program at City College of New York. as a nudge and wink to the people and for-sale housing, only the pri- dictatorial planning, the exile of the 02.06 Architectural Record 47
Critique poor, and Disneyland culture—that ited to a small number of politicians their sanctimonious official line and business types, well-intentioned allegedly opposes. CNU pattern and dedicated local architects books have nothing to say about standing in for actual grass-roots the rigid patterns of segregation groups or “inexpert” local citizens that their smiley-face architecture and organizations. Of course, so blithely reinforces. the media were there in droves, By coincidence, I happened to and Andres Duany circulated The CNU report includes renderings of typical neighborhoods and streets. be in Biloxi during the CNU charrette majestically among the teams, that helped guide the development accompanied by a film crew to them. It is clearly not possible for a appears to be happening in New of the group’s plans for the Gulf, and record his every pearl. CNU charrette to produce a plan Orleans. Planning initiative there I found it both impressive and horri- The charrette, an important that is not based on Traditional has been placed in the hands of fying. The CNU is nothing if not well and effective planning instrument, Neighborhood Development, on the Bring Back New Orleans organized and was able to summon is an excellent medium for rapidly old-timey architecture, on the whole Commission, which has just more than 100 of its members from getting a large number of ideas on range of self-evident and uniform released its report. The commission around the country to brainstorm in the table and for testing them by truths that they seek to instigate is a mayorally appointed, big-busi- Biloxi. They arrived, took a bus tour, looking for the synergies and com- with minimal inflection everywhere. ness dominated group whose leader and got down to work, organized by promises that help professionals Thus, the town teams find the sites and most influential member is Joe the leadership into teams (each understand and incorporate the for the Celebration-style “neighbor- Canizaro, a real estate developer under the supervision of a trusted needs and desires of those they hoods,” while the architecture and major Bush fund-raiser, who apparatchik) that dealt with individ- seek to serve. CNU charrettes, on teams add stock schtick from heads the commission’s planning ual towns and with common issues, the other hand, seem to be media headquarters to flesh them out. committee. Canizaro, a past presi- including regional development, for the recirculation and validation The outcome of these charrettes is dent of the Urban Land Institute transportation, and architecture. of ideas that are already decided, never in doubt. who has been called, among other Outside participation appeared lim- for telling people what’s best for Something very similar things, the Donald Trump of New CIRCLE 30 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/ For more information on the 2006 I-Codes, be sure to visit the ICC booth at the following industry show:REF 44-05-064 CSI Show & Convention, Las Vegas, Booth # 947
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Critique inevitable realpolitik of the invinci- ble bottom line—is nothing less destroyed neighborhoods only a year to get it together and reach an than the return of 1970s-style unspecified threshold of viability on “planned shrinkage” so vehemently their own. The intended effect isOrleans, is notorious for his 1990s city as a whole. This was duly com- denounced then as code for an clear. By offering little or no publicrole in fomenting the demolition of a pleted in late November to gales of assault on the poor. It’s no surprise assistance for the effort and sug-large public housing project adjoin- protest. That plan, which has effec- that the places the ULI proposes to gesting that if people are not able toing a 70-acre parcel he was seeking tively framed debate since its abandon are disproportionately find the wherewithal to reconstructto develop. release, was predicated on triage, the homes of low-income African- by the deadline, their neighborhoods Soon after its formation, the idea that certain parts of the Americans. will simply be bulldozed, the planthe Bring Back New Orleans city must be abandoned as too The commission’s own plan continues Katrina’s assault. InCommission turned, mirabile dictu, expensive to save. This structured (like Mississippi’s or Ground Zero’s) Canizaro’s words, “If a neighborhoodto the ULI to formulate a plan for the disinvestment strategy—the simply amplifies the ULI recommen- is not developing adequately to sup- dations, reflecting, as well, the port the services it needs to support position of the Louisiana Recovery it, we’ll try to shrink it.” It is clear Authority (which has recently hired which neighborhoods he is referring the CNU as its planning consult- to. In the words of ex-Mayor Marc ants), the RAND Corporation, and Morial, who is the current president other groups that insist that New of the National Urban League, the Orleans must contract by as much commission has offered a “massive as 40 to 50 percent of its pre- red-lining plan wrapped around a Katrina population. Although the giant land grab.” commission plan suggests that What, one wonders, is the citizens be “allowed” to rebuild any- position of the CNU on this matter? where in the city, it simultaneously To be sure, it will want any recon- undermines the possibility. Not sim- struction to follow its conformist ply does it suspend permitting for architectural taste and will praise another four months—frustrating the new light rail. But what aboutPlans call for a town green surrounded by mixed-use buildings. individual rebuilding—but it gives the real issues, those of justice, The science of daylighting. For 50 years, fulfilling the dreams of architects, building owners and occupants with innovations in daylighting, energy performance and structural integrity. The latest innovations include: • Kalwall+ Nanogel ® The New York Hall of Science, Polshek Partnership, Architects • LEEDTM credit contribution • Anti-terrorism approval 50 Years of Innovation! …Light-Years Ahead! TM 800-258-9777 (N. America) See more at kalwall.com For monumental, translucent clearspan Skyroof TM systems, consider our strategic partners… And for tensioned fabric structures… SPAN SYSTEMS, INC. CIRCLE 32 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
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Critique ideal subject may be a happy con- sumer committed to traditional family tion” represents the accumulated wisdom of the species. In the effort values but the fallacy is the same: the to codify the architecture of the idea that architecture is not to be Gulf—or New Orleans—in narrowlyequity, responsible environmental CNU entered the world calling for designed for people in all their messy, fixed and eternal normative pat-stewardship, and diversity? With spatial reform as an instrument for squalling, and delightful difference but terns, this slim set of “correct”the volumes of publicity the group creating a better society, espousing as a means of assuring that they con- generalities yields architecturalhas been receiving (not least in this principles both admirable and suc- verge into behavioral sameness. Muzak and laws that insist youmagazine), where are the ringing cinct. And like CIAM, the CNU is Instead of towers in a park, CNU citi- listen to nothing else. Get thosecalls for state and national policies adamant in insisting that these zens will happily inhabit their dryvit damn pink flamingos out of thethat are fair and sustainable? goals can only be accomplished Taras, rocking rhythmically back and yard before the taste police arrive!Where are the demands for citizen by the universal application of the forth on their obligatory porches, ears Fixated on perfection, Newempowerment? Or the protests right style of architecture, pre- cocked for the tinkle of the approach- Urbanism dreams of spotless citiesagainst the Catch-22 of “allowing” scribed down to the clapboards ing Good Humor man. resistant to patina and eccentricity,people to return and simultane- and mullions. The core problem of New the soul-numbing sameness ofously making it impossible for them The issue with such prescrip- Urbanist dogma is neither its stated multinational consumer culture. Into collect insurance, get financing, tions is not the superiority of one principles nor its architecture per its neocon brandscape, “aesthetic”or receive public services? Where uniformity over another, it’s the unifor- se—there’s room for plenty of considerations always trump socialis the heart? Where are the stirring mity itself. Modernism, informed by a styles in a democracy—but its forms of variety, denying the realwords of the great Charter? I am dreamy utopian socialist ideology, pious simulation of consent. While genius of urban growth and trans-not the first to observe that the was grounded in the idea of produc- we can all be grateful for the formation: the power of the city toCNU—as an ideological and organi- ing a universal subject—“a new restored interest in the textures and be its own social and morphologicalzational construct—is remarkably man”—and in architecture’s potential adjacencies of the traditional walk- laboratory, its ability to define its(and deliberately) similar to the to help mold these reborn citizens, ing city that the CNU has helped to singularity through the adventure ofModernism it so acerbically criti- happy workers in identical flats set in promote, there is something deeply invention, conflict, and agreement.cizes for cruel formalist monomania a sunny, salubrious landscape. But wrong in the attempt to distill these New Urbanism founders not on anand self-important manifestoes. that god failed when it became totali- relations into a uniform, replicable excess of affection for the city butLike the Congres Internationaux tarian, when equality was transmuted set of forms, to insist that any one on an excess of fear of its uncon-d’Architecture Moderne (CIAM), the into identicality. The New Urbanists’ architectural interpretation of “tradi- trollable diversity. ■ Insulation Board Mortar Net® Dovetail Shape and 90% Open old-related asthma* can send kids to the doctor…and their M parents to a lawyer. Protect residents health–and your own wealth–by protecting against moisture-buildup in your masonry Weave walls. Our patented MortarNet®, with its unique "dovetail" shape, prevents wall-cavity blockage from mortar droppings. The tough polyester mesh lets air circulate freely. Mortar Net® gives you the best wall-drainage system available. Think of it as cheap insurance for your peace of mind. If you build with masonry, call for more information. We’ll include information on Mortar Net® and HouseNetTM for cavity wall construction and BlockNet® and Blok-Flash®, our moisture management solutions for block construction. *Ask us for a copy of the latest research. Weep Holes/ Weep Vents Use of our products may help you obtain credits toward LEEDTM Green Building Certification. 800-664-6638 Mortar Net® Weep VentsTM www.MortarNet.com/ar BlockNet® Blok-Flash® CIRCLE 34 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
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By Robert Ivy, FAIAFEATURES A dusty haze is settling over Dubai. The particu- late-laden light, which might seem natural for the desert environment, actually comes from human, not natural, activity, at construction sites throughout the emirate, as Dubai transforms itself into a global power point before our eyes. By any measure, Dubai is booming. Already tiny Dubai has catapulted into the Big Building leagues, attracting the attention of major design ﬁrms and constructors from around the world drawn to 1,001 fantastic tales. The tallest building! The largest man-made harbor! The most exclusive hotel! The biggest mall! Texas-size hyper- Dubai Rises bole surrounds this 30-plus-mile stretch The former small desert outpost has
Dubai Marina (below), developed for 17 buildings, is going up at lightning speed. Sheik Zayed Road (above) is lined with growing rows of skyscrapers.become one of the hottest construction markets in the world
Snapshots from the author’srecent trip to Dubai include(left to right): New develop-ment on Dubai Creek; SheikZayed Road; the DubaiMarina; cranes stretchingas far as the eye can see.For more of the author’s travelphotographs, go towww.archrecord.com.
Projects on the horizon Foster and Partners describes as “the highest Norman Foster has designed apartment in the world.” a landmark tower in Dubai The building sits on a scheduled for completion in landscaped plinth and fea- early 2008. One Central Park tures a quadruple-height is located on a corner site foyer. Like the Swiss Re Tower in the Dubai International in London, its structure is Finance Centre, a gigantic clearly expressed, this time capital market with several through four tapering, A-frame new buildings. The 1,076-foot, concrete fins buttressed at 80-floor tower will include a the east and west elevations. mix of 25 floors of office The 25 floors of column-free space, with 520 apartments offices are held within from on 47 floors above. These are the fins, beneath the sky crowned by 12 penthouses lobby and residential floors representing what Foster above. Lucy BullivantTALLEST TOWER: The BurjDubai Tower, designed bySOM, will stand, when com-pleted, at 158 stories tall,its spire rising more than2,000 feet. (The officialheight of the building is con-fidential.) The building willinclude 36 floors of officespace, more than 500 hotelrooms and residences, aspa, an observation deck,an antenna, and office andresidential “sky lobbies”and private clubs. S.L.
FEATURES tion, according to Emporis Research. Nakheel, a real estate company dealing in freehold property, bears responsibility for additional wonderments, including the fantastically shaped islands in the Gulf—The Palms—which are near completion. An equally ambitious new canal, intended to reach 75 miles into the heart of the country, drew the American architectural ﬁrm Gruzen Samton to the emirate, ulti- mately engaging them in the planning for an entirely new town called Dubai Waterfront. Jordan Gruzen, FAIA, characterizes the work, which includes a dredged canal system, transit, and parks that are overlaid with a series of residential plots, as “amazing … the kind of idealized project you might give to a senior class for a semester.” His company’s working relationship has broadened to Nakheel’s second “palm” development, Palm Jebel Ali. New York’s Pei Partnership shares Gruzen’s experience in Dubai— both have seen initial discussions morph into other, larger work. According to partner D.D. Pei, his ﬁrm’s primary explorations with a developer even- tually led to a commission for yet another mega-tower, currently located at the critical head of the harbor in Dubai Waterfront, a beacon from the water. How tall is tall? Pei says that plans for this tower initially began at 650 meters (2,132 feet) and have since gone higher. By comparison, remember that New York’s unbuilt Freedom Tower, intended to be the world’s tallest, has been pegged at 1,776 feet. While Pei’s project remains temporarily on hold, he is optimistic that it will start soon. The SOM and Pei towers, on completion, will lead a cavalcade of other tall buildings, most of which top out between 40 and 50 stories. The surreal spirit of the place seems magniﬁed by perspective, with slice after ver- tical slice of hotels and condos lining up along the primary strip, Sheikh Zayed Road, their soaring ﬂanks painted in the pastel Gulf light. The entire assemblage is punctuated by the whirs and clicks and droning engines of building taking place—a three-dimensional, atonal composition. Reality in Dubai can prove even more bizarre than photographs of it. Traffic along the major arterial rivals that of Los Angeles or Phoenix, since every automobile essentially moves along a single vector, from the embay- ment at the heart of the older city to Abu Dhabi. Along the way, with a few REALITY IN DUBAI CAN PROVE MORE BIZARRE THAN PHOTOGRAPHS OF IT. jogs to the seaside or down the occasional cross street, the visitor encounters developments such as Internet City, a free trade zone that houses such famil- iar names as Oracle and Microsoft; or Media City, home to 850 companies and 5,000 workers. Add the ﬁnancial center and the future “Dubailand,” a $5 billion resort area, and you get something of the picture: Dubai is where Palm Springs meets Chicago.DOSarchitects struction. The tower’s solar Questions abound for the visitor, such as who are the residents,DOSarchitects, a London- panels will attach to the exactly, and who is building all of these projects? Actually, few native citizensbased firm established two exterior cladding and will perform manual labor, relying on an immense inﬂux of international work-years ago, is well on its way rotate as the sun moves ers, who ﬂock to the emirates from Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Indonesia, andwith a commission for a 93- across the sky, making one Malaysia for the work. With the extreme volume of major projects understory tower in Dubai. The rotation per day. The exte- construction, and others on the way, this cheap labor could become a desta-firm has won a competition, rior’s curvaceous, modulated- bilizing factor in the future.held by Dubai-based Kordahi aluminum cladding, which The inevitable question that hovers in the air, coating the high-risesdevelopments, to build the evokes local sand dunes, will like the prevailing construction dust, is whether this bubble couldInfiniti Tower in the Dubai hide the building’s structure. be made of concrete. Jordan Gruzen has no crystal ball, but he has increasingMarina development, where Construction will start conﬁdence. Instead of sandcastles, he sees solid growth.“Each day, we see morecurrently 17 towers are under in November 2006, with an signs of strength,” he says, as the international dollars ﬂow in and the new townsconstruction. opening in early 2009. The take shape. What the character of such a state will become, conceived in such Firm director Tavis Wright mixed-use program includes white-hot heat, remains to be determined after the dust has settled. ■intends to bring sustainable five floors for the lobby, retail,design to the desertlike and gym space, with 10 floorsclimate, an idea that seems of parking, and 78 floors oflargely ignored in Dubai con- residences. Sarah Cox 02.06 Architectural Record 65
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With Volkswagen’s1930s factory in thebackground, phaenofloats above a plazathat connects the citywith its industrial zone.On the north, it facestrain tracks (right) andthe VW complex.
Zaha Hadid pours her ideas of fluid architecture into concrete and glass at the cinematic PHAENO SCIENCE CENTER in Wolfsburg, Germany PRO JECTS
While the structural coneswere constructed withpoured concrete, theupper portion of the cityfacade is composedmostly of 40-by-12-footprecast panels punchedwith openings for windows.The building is both asculptural object and apiece of connective tissuewithin Wolfsburg’s urbanfabric (opposite, top andright, and site plan).
A winningstreak beginsFrom 1999 to 2001, Zaha Hadidwon seven international designcompetitions, transforming aboutique office of 15 people intowhat it is today: a major firm with120 employees. The streak beganwith the National Center ofContemporary Arts (MAXXI) inRome and the Bergisel Ski Jump inInnsbruch, then continued withphaeno; a ferry terminal in Salerno,Italy; the Placa de las Arts inBarcelona; a master plan inSingapore; and a museum exten-sion in Copenhagen. By raising herbuilding one story off the ground(sketch, bottom) and creating anundulating plaza underneath thebuilding (below), Hadid added anunexpected element to the program.The jury was impressed. Althoughfine-tuned over time, the design—with its 10 structural “cones” thatcontain programmed spaces suchas a bar and a gift shop (right)—remained remarkably intact duringthe course of the project.74 Architectural Record 02.06
The main entrancehall occupies one ofthe cones that sup-ports the exhibitionfloor but does notreach all the way tothe roof. The complexgeometry of the entrysequence expresses abaroque approach toModern architecture.
The so-called “pocket” provides space for two levels of exhibits that need either low levels of daylight or a more enclosed home.spans nearly 65,000 square feet of exhibition space with no supports other whirlpools, and Pythagoras’s theorem. Distributed around the interior likethan the ﬁve concrete cones that rise the full height of the building. “particles in a ﬁeld,” the exhibits can be changed piecemeal over time. But Inside the building, Hadid created one enormous exhibition unfortunately, they seem to be disengaged from the architecture.space uninterrupted by columns, ﬂoor-to-ceiling partitions, or doors. With its winglike ﬂoor plate, faceted elevations, and gracefulInstead, she sculpted space with sloping walls just a few feet high, with curves, phaeno shares many characteristics of Hadid’s other motion-ramps, changes in ceiling height, steps, and a partially enclosed area in the inspired projects, such as her BMW building, ski jump in Innsbruch, andcenter of the display ﬂoor dubbed “the pocket.” Traversed by a tunnel-like the National Center of Contemporary Art (a.k.a. MAXXI), now under con-path and surmounted at one point by a wide stair, the pocket offers darker struction in Rome. Its extensive plaza and multiple ways of connecting withspaces for exhibits in which daylight would interfere and an upper level for its setting give it a powerfully urban sensibility. “It’s both an object and amore displays. As she did with the plaza in front of the building, Hadid ﬁeld,” says Passos. As such, it’s an intriguing hybrid that brings together theimagined what she calls an “artiﬁcial topography” and then made it real. enduring notion of architecture as sculpture with a more contemporaryBut this interior landscape works spectacularly well: a ﬂuid, mostly mono- search for expressing the dynamic relationships of an information-driven,chromatic environment that offers a rich variety of spatial and sensory networked world. A lot of architects these days talk about combining theseexperiences for visitors to discover. Hadid’s treatment of the gigantic space two approaches in their work. Zaha Hadid has done it here. ■offers both deﬁnition and continuity, creating a multiplicity of places andpaths while making it easy for visitors to see where they are going. Sources Internal glazing: Dorma Automatic The exhibits themselves, which Hadid did not design, have a Exterior metal panels: Huebener & Cone lighting: Prolichthard time living up to the quality of the architecture. Organized into nine Moewsthemes (life, light and sight, movement, wind and weather, micro and Escalators: Schindler For more information on this project,macro, energy, matter, information, and games), the 250 “experimental Elevators: Thyssen go to Projects atstations” display such things as a ﬁre tornado, sounds made visible, Metal and glass facades: Gebr. Gieseler www.archrecord.com.80 Architectural Record 02.06
Space flows verticallyup through the museumshop (bottom of photo,this page) by way ofstairs, ramps, and ter-raced display areas.
From the Detroit water, relocated theRiver (above), G.M. parking garage, andRenaissance Center inserted glass wallsmay still look the same at the base. It alsoas the complex did in carved out a large,1977 (opposite), but the five-story Wintergardenbase has changed. overlooking a new,Skidmore, Owings & 3-mile-long waterfrontMerrill in Chicago has promenade, whichremoved the elevated connects the complexsouth road blocking to other developmentthe buildings from the (site plan, right).
In 1987, a people moverwas built with an ele-vated track alongJefferson Avenue (right).In order to open up theavenue side more tothe city, SOM removedberms and redesignedand repositioned thepeople-mover stationto the east. In 2005,SOM’s new stationopened (above), arectilinear, three-storysteel structure withfrosted-glass walls.The station connectsvia a pedestrian bridgeto the mezzanine levelof RenCen’s lobby.
A A 14 14 11 9 11 1 10 2 8 5 7 3 5 8 7 9 7 1. Entrance pavilion 4 4 4 2. Lobby 3. Atrium 8 5 8 4. Circulation N 5. Retail A A EXISTING PLAN LEVEL TWO RENOVATED PLAN LEVEL TWO 6. Hotel 7. General Motors 8. Wintergarden (below) 9. Glass circulation ring 14 14 10. People-mover station 1 11. Pedestrian bridge to 2 Millender Center 5 2 7 12. Parking/loading 4 4 13. Food court 5 14. Berms (removed) 3 3 6 4 5 6 4 5 4 5 8 5 EXISTING PLAN LEVEL ONE RENOVATED PLAN LEVEL ONE 6 5 12 4 12EXISTING SECTION A-A 6 8 9 13RENOVATED SECTION A-A
In order to furtherdefine the entranceto G.M. RenaissanceCenter along JeffersonAvenue, SOM designedan oval glass pavilion,30 feet high, 30 feetwide at the center, and96 feet long (aboveand left). The archi-tects added thelampposts (left) andsandblasted the pol-ished granite fromthe 1988 remodeling,overlaying the panelswith a delicate grid ofstainless-steel strips.
When the RenaissanceCenter first opened in1977 (left two), thirteenrestaurants and caféswere sprinkledthroughout the cav-ernous space. Today(below), fewer cafés,restaurants, and fast-food places arelocated in the atriumproper. The recent ren-ovations left ampleamounts of pouredconcrete exposed inthe atrium (below), nowdarker with age.
A glass circulation ring The sinuous sculpture, formed of some 2,000 have to declare bankruptcy in the near future to lower pension and labor(above) on the second clear, polished-glass pieces, sits on a concrete costs. The same month, mega-investor Kirk Kerkorian gave everyone the jit-level now links the four curb beam and is laterally braced by bookends of ters by cutting his stake in G.M. from 9.9 percent to 7.8 percent, whileoffice towers. The steel stainless-steel members. Steel trusses cantilevered indicating he wanted a seat on G.M.’s board.ring is suspended by from the mezzanine support the walls at mid-cables 20 feet on level. To guide visitors proceeding from the 2006: Signs of life (for Detroit and RenCen)center, which in turn entrance lobby to the interior, SOM created a During the North American International Auto Show in Detroit inare fastened to the central aisle, edged by a series of staggered January 2006, smaller cars and hybrid cars, particularly those from for-concrete columns. Eucalyptus wood panels that connect in turn to eign manufacturers, including the indomitable Toyota, were getting glazed storefronts (G.M. says they will be used as publicity—yet G.M. remains upbeat about its products. As for RenCen,a media center). Non-SOM additions included two restaurants that opened G.M.’s Cullen says the shops are 70 percent occupied (although at the endin the lower levels that year, plus another on the top two ﬂoors (that of 2005, this observer noticed lots of empty storefronts). Cullen is high ondoesn’t revolve). Also by 2004, Riverfront Shops, with 235,000 square feet, the effect of RenCen on the local economy. “Downtown Detroit is doingoccupied two levels around the Wintergarden. terriﬁcally better,” he says. “The city had been in economic free fall, but we helped foster development through this renovation.” Because of other2005: Rocky times for G.M. recent projects built downtown—which include two stadiums, a newIronically, a new, three-story, glass-and-steel station for the mass-transit peo- Compuware building, and the three casinos—Detroit leaders are sayingple mover, connected via a bridge to RenCen’s lobby mezzanine, would open the turnaround has ﬁnally occurred, and the city will attract tourists,during the year that G.M. (and the U.S. automotive industry) started tank- residents, and business.ing. In 2005, G.M.’s shares sank and the company cut back on matching As this issue goes to press, the Super Bowl is being held at Fordretirement funds and pay raises. By the summer, G.M. announced the clos- Field, which opened in 2002. For the event, RenCen is hosting theing of assembly plants in Baltimore; Linden, New Jersey; and Lansing, National Football League and is acting as the center for the media, withMichigan. Standard & Poor’s revised its rating on G.M. stock from stable to ESPN even broadcasting out of the Wintergarden. “This place will benegative, and in December, one of its analysts surmised that G.M. might fun,” says Cullen. (Sorry to miss it …)90 Architectural Record 02.06
In the new lobby Lessons learned(above), SOM wrapped Who knows the future of RenCen’s renovation concrete columns in and G.M.’s involvement? Nevertheless, the dras- stainless steel and tic changes have deﬁnitely improved the installed a wavy glass building and its linkage to the city. (It’s too bad sculpture. Eucalyptus the speedy approval process in 1972 ignored the wood panels (left) edge obvious ﬂaws that ﬁnally were addressed.) the central entry path. SOM’s interventions—such as the entrance pavilion, the lobby, the glass circulation ring,and the Cesar Pelli-ish Wintergarden—do make RenCen noticeably morewelcoming, if a bit eclectic stylistically. Yet the ungainly exterior walls of thecomplex and (now dingy) interior concrete remain, along with the irk-someness of not being able to cross the atrium space in a straight line. Thebasic DNA is the same, and you still feel as if you are wandering through aPiranesian parking garage. Perhaps another $500 million could ﬁx that. ■Sources Glass railings: Soheil MosunStainless-steel structure for Granite pavers: Cleveland MarbleWintergarden, circulation ring, and Mosaic Companyentrance pavilion: MERO StructuresGlass for circulation ring: FiglaUSAEucalyptus facing: Bacon Veneer For more information on this project,(Wintergarden); Dooge Veneer (north go to Projects atlobby) www.archrecord.com. 02.06 Architectural Record 91
The building’s southwing (this page andopposite) holds aclimbing wall andcongregating space.It is formed by open,steel-hinged trussesbalanced on a singlefulcrum point. A con-crete wall stands onits western face.
One facade of the build- ing, facing the residential neighborhood (left two), contains a small plaza with picnic tables. An open breezeway, framed by the parking deck above, separates a pool from a sloped, grassy ampitheater (bottom). 0 20 FT.SECTION A-A 6 M. 0 20 FT.SECTION A-A 6 M.
pool from a grassy area that doubles as an ampitheater. The ampitheater’s by glass. Adjacent are six “breakout” rooms The sloped ampithe-sloped surface provides seating for 1,000 people. where participants split into smaller groups ater, which also serves Coker notes that the architects wanted to create a building that for discussions and activities. These are well as a public space,was itself a “teaching tool,” clearly expressing its tectonics, rather than “try- used: BRIDGE builders, a program for youths seats 1,000. It sepa-ing to design an environment that might superﬁcially appeal to children.” as well as corporate groups, makes use of the rates the building’s Accordingly, visitors can observe much of the structural, climbing wall and a high and low ropes course northern and southernmechanical, and electrical systems of the building, which are exposed, both in the gathering area. Arts BRIDGE, an after- wings and providesinside and out. Translucent wall panels reveal electrical conduits and wall noon arts program for inner-city children, dramatic views offraming; cutaway ceilings show heating and air-conditioning equipment. takes place inside the arts studios located in Memphis’s downtownNowhere is this teaching component more visible than in the structural the building’s northwest corner. Work Pyramid Arena.makeup of the south wing, designed by Guy Nordenson and Associates BRIDGE, which takes place in the building’sengineers. The long-span structure is supported on exposed cantilevered classrooms and activity rooms, provides career development, training,steel trusses on its south and north sides. The north truss tapers up equally placement, and coaching.in both directions from its center, while the south truss tapers up only on its Incorporated into the sustainable design are retention areas foreast side. The supports for the trusses were left visible at the ground, pro- rainwater, photovoltaic arrays that produce electricity, and a solar waterviding further clariﬁcation of the structural system. heater for the building’s hot water. Windows are operable throughout, Inside, the building’s wings contain classrooms, arts spaces, staff and the high ceilings feature wide overhangs, especially to the south.offices, and a large gathering hall. The corrugated-metal-lined gathering Natural light is more than abundant in the space. These are features thatarea, which is primarily for student activities, also serves as a meeting and Boyd ﬁnds especially appealing. “What do children appreciate the most?”banquet space. The centerpiece of this space, located in the building’s he asks. “Light and air.” Materials with low-embodied energy are usedsouthwest corner, is a 30-foot-high climbing wall surrounded on all sides throughout; and the use of ﬂy-ash concrete recycles waste material oth- 02.06 Architectural Record 95
The main meeting space (left) is lined with corrugated metal and glass, allowing copious light inside. A climbing wall (oppo- site, top) is one of many activities that take place inside the main space. Light-filled hallways (opposite, bottom) lead to class- rooms and offices throughout the building. 1. Arts bridge 2. Classroom 3. Offices 4. Activity room 5. Gathering room 6. Ampitheater 7. Garden courtyard 8. Reception area 9. Cafeteria 10. Mezzanine 11. Roof terrace garden 12. Parking 2 2 1 12 2 7 3 3 9A 6 A 7 8 7 4 3 4 3 5 3 11 12 10 4 N 0 20 FT. 6 M. LEVEL ONE LEVEL TWO 96 Architectural Record 02.06
erwise headed for the landﬁll. Two interior gardens and one roof gardenadd to the building’s earth-consciousness. While the building is a notably bold and exuberant structure, itseems perfectly at home in the neighborhood. Instead of being anintruder, it complements its surroundings, both architecturally and inother ways. Boyd says he admires how buildingstudio broke up thefacade of the Fifth Street entrance, so the structure doesn’t appear mon-umental or fortresslike. Indeed, the low-key entrance of the new facilityhas—in Coleman Coker’s words—“its own front porch,” complete withoutdoor tables for casual lunches or places to relax while waiting for aride. But just walk around the corner and head west on Auction, and thefacade gradually changes, soaring dramatically and perhaps pointing theway to a new era. ■Sources Photovoltaic panels: SharpMetal-and-glass curtain wall: ElectronicsUS Aluminum Floor and wall tile: Dal-TileMetal roofing: MBCIGlass glazing: PPG Industries For more information on this project,Insulated panel glazing: Polygal go to Projects atUSA www.archrecord.com. 02.06 Architectural Record 97
New and renovatedhousing backdropsthe colorful entranceside of the SantaCaterina Market (thispage and opposite),beckoning visitorsfrom as far away asBarcelona Cathedral(area plan, opposite). Atthe rear of the market,new, white stucco pub-lic housing (this page,foreground) nestles intothe roof’s undulations.
Stiffening trusses penetrate the tiled roof (top left). They carry loads to two massive concrete beams. (The can- tilevered extension of one is visible at left. Glazing below the beam sheds light on preserved subter- ranean ruins.) The new plaza behind the market extends existing streets as a light-filled crevice (opposite), bounded by EMBT-designed public housing.its patios and balconies.” Miralles and Tagliabue saw an opportunity in Barcelona’s pro-gram to adapt declining public fresh-food markets to the changingneeds and lifestyles of urban families. When city officials announcedplans in the mid-1990s to replace the badly deteriorated 19th-centurybuilding that housed the market, Miralles and Tagliabue, who livednearby, approached them with an alternative proposal, and they wereofficially awarded the commission in a 1997 competition. The discovery of important archaeological remains on the sitehalted the project for two years, and construction had barely begunwhen Miralles died prematurely in 2000. Opened last May, the marketis just one of a stunning series of projects begun during his lifetimethat Tagliabue has seen to completion, including the ScottishParliament, Edinburgh [record, February 2005, page 98]; the campusof the University of Vigo, Spain; and an office tower for Gas Natural inBarcelona, due to be open this year. The architects retained the white-painted masonry walls onthree sides of the rectangular 1845 market structure, with many archedopenings permeable to the surrounding streets. They brought the samegranite pavers used on city streets in the neighborhood into the market100 Architectural Record 02.06
interior “so that everyone understands it’s a public space,” explained A massive glass wall ceramic surface belies this effect. Market stallsTagliabue. Since the market did not need to be so large, the architects (opposite and above), heaped with vegetables, fruits, seafood, meats,demolished the rear wall and cut in an intimate plaza. The microbial shaded by slatted- and other fresh products inspired the 67 colorsvolumes of EMBT-designed housing (for elderly residents displaced by wood panels recalling of the hexagonal tiles.local urban-renewal work) look as if they’ve detached themselves from warehouse pallets, The improbably elaborate supportingthe dense surrounding blocks and ﬂoated into the market itself (plan, opens the market to structure (section, opposite), with each layeropposite). Urbanistically, they extend narrow existing streets as light- the rear plaza. Light laid perpendicular to the one below, is typicaldappled crevices, playing off the orthogonal space within which the slicing between EMBT’s in EMBT’s work. The undulating vaults changemarket sits. taller housing (plan, in height and proﬁle as they run from the entry Inside the market, 60 vendors’ stalls mix with shops, cafés, a opposite) dapples its facade to the back of the block, rupturing insupermarket, a restaurant, and community services, with underground porchlike shade. two places to form eyebrow clerestories. Underparking and a pneumatic garbage-collection system. EMBT preserved and the tiles, three layers of thin pinewood lathingopened to display the archaeological excavations of the medieval shape the curves. Joists of hand-crafted laminated wood carry roof loadsConvent of Santa Caterina found on the site. Overlapping the uses in the to long-span, tubular-metal trusses running under the roof valleys.21 million euro (U.S. $25 million) project is part of the neighborhood- Three arched metal trusses cross perpendicular to the vaults, with armsrevitalization calculation. extending downward to suspend the valley trusses and stiffen the vault The brightly colored tile roof, visible from streets and plazas that system. The arch trusses carry loads to two massive concrete beams thatlead to the cathedral, advertises the market like a horizontal billboard. run under the entire roof structure, creating a very large clear span overTagliabue explains that the roof ’s ﬂuid form is meant to suggest the can- the market stalls.vas awnings that cover patios in southern Spain, although its heavy The twisting, tree-branch metalwork that supports the vaults as102 Architectural Record 02.06
C D B B D 2 A A 6 6 3 8 8 SECTION A-A 0 20 FT. 6 M. 11. Street canopy (future) A. Concrete main 22. Main entrance supporting beam3. Market stalls B. Valley truss4. Plaza C. Arch truss5. Public housing D. Reused original framing 36. Services7. Ruins below grade C8. Parking A A 6 B B 6 A A 4 5 5 7 5 N 0 30 FT. LEVEL TWO 9 M. 02.06 Architectural Record 103
The roof extends over the market’s original walls at the main entrance, facing Avenida Francesc Cambò (top) in contrast to the irregular new wall at the plaza (right). The zigzagging valley trusses and voluptuous wood-framed vaults don’t distract from the brightly lit individuality of the market stalls (opposite). Some origi- nal roof framing was reused (dark members in photo at left).104 Architectural Record 02.06
they extend over the street is perhaps the most overtly “organic” gesture, Although the two buildings of the gateway were designed by differentbut colors, textures, forms, and irregular light throughout suggest a ver- architects, they have many things in common that come from the neces-dant park in contrast to the tough urban setting. sity to include the existing architecture.” Officials embraced the urban strategy EMBT proposed, which By strategically introducing new buildings as well as hybridizingextends beyond the market and mixes existing and new construction to and modifying the volumes of existing ones, EMBT surgically consoli-both preserve and reinvigorate the neighborhood’s unique character. The dated what had been the broken, irregular path of the unrealized avenue.market faces the wide Avenida Francesc Cambò, the incomplete stub of a In contrast to the urban-scale order that would have been imposed overmajor avenue that extends a few blocks across Via Laietana as a link to the winding maze of medieval streets, EMBT selectively edited whatthe cathedral. It was part of the massive 19th-century expansion of existed. In this way, the idiosyncrasies of the area’s growth over the cen-Barcelona, laid out by Ildefons Cerdà, that would have tied the medieval turies remain legible in the new, larger structures of open space that hadcity into his famous chamfered-corner gridiron. The unbuilt part of the been created by earlier demolition. As the architects explain in their brief,street, still on the books in the 1990s, contributed to the blight of build- “The ﬁrst mistake is to talk about old and new. Whatever has managed toings in its path. survive into the present is current, useful, and contemporary. And it per- EMBT’s urban design narrows the avenue-to-nowhere to form a mits us to move back in time in order to continue forward.” ■pedestrian-scaled gateway to the neighborhood beyond, framing it withnew public housing that is literally supported on and extended from Sourcesexisting buildings. Tagliabue explains: “Building out from existing struc- Roof tiles: Ceramicas Cumellatures, you have to maintain many things, such as the height of the ﬂoors, Floor paving: Galician granite For more information on this project,or the consequences of one type of construction on another, that in the Wood structure: FRAPONT go to Projects atpast could only be controlled through very elaborate legislation. Doors: Tecﬁre Doth www.archrecord.com. 02.06 Architectural Record 105
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Curran House San Francisco, California 1 DAVID BAKER CREATES AN OASIS FOR FAMILY LIFE IN A DISTRICT KNOWN FOR BEING INHOSPITABLE. By John KingArchitect: David Baker + Partners, Jammed with weary-looking buildings puzzle where we had this volume andArchitects—David Baker, FAIA, along blocks of drug dealers doing had to slide the units in,” said Curranpartner; Peter MacKenzie AIA, project business, San Francisco’s Tenderloin House architect David Baker, FAIA,architect; Bradley Sugarman AIA, isn’t a neighborhood where you’d who has made a specialty of high-designer; Michelle Peckham, interiors expect to find children. But large density and often low-cost housing.Associate architects: Gelfand RNP numbers of Asian immigrant familiesArchitects now live there, drawn by proximity to SolutionClient: Tenderloin Neighborhood the downtown shops and restaurants Baker’s first move to solve the puzzleDevelopment Corporation where many newcomers find work. came when he convinced city plan-Engineers: Pete O. Lapid + ners to waive the upper-floor setbackAssociates (electrical); Structural Program requirement, allowing the space to beDesign Engineers (structural); In 2001, when the Tenderloin used in vertical notches running theTommy Siu + Associates (mechanical) Neighborhood Development length of the building. The central bay,Consultants: Andrea Cochran Corporation (TNDC) had a chance for instance, was pulled back 12 feetLandscape Architects (landscape); to build housing from the ground to allow for an entry plaza with a palmWilson Ihrig + Associates up, the nonprofit, which manages tree. He also won a variance to elimi-(acoustical); Shift Design Studio 1,600 apartments in 21 buildings, nate the parking, allowing two small(color) knew the population it should serve. storefronts and a basement office forGeneral contractor: Cahill “There are 4,000 children in the TNDC to fill the space. The recessedContractors Tenderloin,” explained Donald Falk, bays add literal relief to the block’s TNDC’s executive director. “There’s tight wall of mid-rise structures.Size: 83,690 square feet a tremendous demand for family From the street, Curran HouseCost: $15 million housing, and very little exists.” resembles a three-dimensional col-Completion date: 2005 Curran House, a 67-unit com- lage. Along the sidewalk on the north plex where 38 apartments have two side, protruding bays are cloaked inSources or three bedrooms, opened in 2005. dark green stucco punctuated byCurtain wall/windows: EFCO It rises from a lot that’s long and rela- square windows in a zigzag pattern,Roofing: Siplast tively shallow, wedged between aged while the south side has verticalGlazing: Pulp Studios apartment buildings on three sides. strips of yellow stucco. For extraDoors: US Aluminum; Haley Door Zoning set the height of one side of variety (and extra space), balconiesLocksets: Schlage the lot at 85 feet and the other at pop out from 20 of the apartments.Closers: LCN 120 feet, with a 20-foot setback from The clean lines of the buildingElevators: Kone the street at the sixth floor. Parking aren’t just for show: They work withGlazing: Pulp Studios spaces were required despite prox- the building’s column and sheer walls imity to subway and bus lines. to define efficiently laid-out, family- “This is the hardest floor plan size units. Indeed, for all the intricacy we’ve ever done—a Rubik’s Cube of a plan that results in 223 unitsFor more information on this project, per acre, the apartments them-go to Building Types Study at John King is the urban design critic for selves feel relaxed; the two-bedroomwww.archrecord.com. the San Francisco Chronicle. apartments are 1,050 square feet,110 Architectural Record 02.06
The project provides whimsical entry,abundant green space stained concrete floors,for its residents—a and Modern interiorrooftop garden (above) elements provide anand a courtyard in the appealing respite fromrear, accessed through the city hubbub (belowa rolling glass garage and opposite, top).door (below and oppo- Apartments are simplesite, bottom). As well, a and modest (right). 02.06 Architectural Record 113
The exterior of thebuilding is covered bythree layers. First,wood cladding; then,multicolored balconiesin orange, red, yellow,and apple green; andlast, a series of finepoles. Mack createsa pleasing aestheticwith simple, inexpen-sive materials.
Himmelb(l)au set the tone. Carrying on the irreverent tone of the ’60s, Hagmüller describes Judenburg West as a “Big Mac” with a street-level concrete garage serving as the bottom “bun” and a lightweight zinc canopy on top. In between, a wood-framed structure contains the apartments, which range from two-to-four-bedroom units. For floors and walls, the architects used prefabricated, cloth- laminated panels made from a strong evergreen wood, a material called KHL (Kreuzlagenholtz) that was developed by a Judenburg fac- tory. The walls themselves are sandwiches made of a layer of KHL panels on the inside, untreated larch-wood cladding on the outside, and insulation and air in between. To keep costs down, the archi- tects designed the balconies as prefabricated elements made of KHL that clip onto the building. Slender stainless-steel poles attached to the balconies stabilize the zinc1. Front garden 6. Storage canopy at the top of the building.2. Balcony 7. Ground-ﬂoor unit 2 The canopy functions as a kind of3. Kitchen/dining 8. Back garden umbrella, protecting the untreated4. Living room 9. Commercial wood panels of the facade.5. Bedroom 10. Flex space 1 Unafraid to have some fun, Mack and Hagmüller imbued Judenburg West with a playful 0 10 FT. sensibility. With its polychromatic SECTION A-A 3 M. balconies dressed in orange, red, yellow, and apple green, and its elegant steel poles adorning the 5 facades like fine jewelry, the building 2 3 3 is decked out to the nines. Yet the architects created this effect using 4 4 only simple, inexpensive materials. 5 5 2 2 Commentary Clearly, Judenburg West is notSECOND-FOURTH FLOOR run-of-the-mill social housing. It defies the color blindness affecting A many Austrian architects today, designers who are busy cranking 8 8 out derivative, aesthetically correct 6 6 6 6 wood residences inspired by Peter Zumthor and other Swiss Minimalists. It is ironic that while 7 7 6 10 these designers bend over back- 9 ward to out-internationalize 1 1 International Style architecture, a Southern California–based archi- GROUND FLOOR A N 0 20 FT. tect such as Mack out-Austrianizes 6 M. the local Austrians. ■116 Architectural Record 02.06
Bumped-out porchesprotrude on the facadein an irregular patternon some of the units.The metal roofingextends over the woodpanels of the exterior,protecting them likean umbrella. A networkof slender, stainless-steel poles providesrigorous structuralsupport. A street-levelconcrete garage formsthe foundation of thefour-story building.
An interior courtyard of honeycomb-patterned Wilt Street paving blocks with 1 1 1 grass peeking through the cracks provides 5 parking. Switchback 1 4 stairs give access to 1 6 upper floors (right). 7 5 3 3 5 5 2 2 Berk Street 0 20 FT. SITE PLAN N 6 M. houses also on the street-facing adjacent property. Cantilevered ele- side, and a single one-story pavilion ments on the front-facing bedrooms and five three-level units filling out provide space for reading nooks, 3 1 2 the back portion of the site. Called while rear-facing bedrooms feature Trinities, the three-story units are one balconies. Switchback staircases float of Philadelphia’s most characteristic over the courtyard, and accessible residential building types. Onion Flats’ roofs supplement shallow backyards. version of the Trinity stacks the floors The architects clad the build- irregularly, bumping them out on ings with black-stained, cedar 0 3 FT.BASEMENT 1 M. FIRST FLOOR various sides to add space and open tongue-in-groove panels, alternating up the walls to insert windows and with corrugated metal, stucco, and skylights that bring light into the Cor-Ten steel. Inside, bamboo floors, interiors. “The units were designed Pennsylvania-slate countertops so one would rarely need to turn on and tiles, eucalyptus cabinetry, and 6 a light,” says the architect. ceiling fans give the apartments a 4 5 All 11 units are set around an comfortable, Modern look. Custom- 6 7 interior courtyard of bamboo gardens designed steel stairs and bridges and a parking lot laid with attractive both inside and out were fabricated 4 5 turf pavers. Six photovoltiac cells by team members in the welding 5 generate 70 to 100 percent of the and wood shops set up temporarily electricity for the complex, giving on the premises. Onion Flats the project a strong green ethos. An assigned small projects to its stu- underground cistern collects rainwater dent employees as part of itsSECOND FLOOR THIRD FLOOR that is distributed for all nonpotable mentoring program. “We would give uses. Shared spaces include a green a student the project of designing a roof, a community garden, a com- door, and then they own that project. posting area, and a gym. It’s a very good way for them to build TRINITY UNITS To maximize the efficiency of the confidence,” said Kurt Schlenbaker. 1. Den 20-by-20-foot Trinities, the architects 2. Living room designed the roofs as outdoor living Commentary 8 3. Kitchen rooms, equipped with phone jacks, Rag Flats shows how a small project 4. Study Internet connection, electricity, gas, can make a difference in a struggling 5. Bedroom and a dumbwaiter that transports community. Instead of tearing down, 6. Bath refreshments for rooftop gatherings. Onion Flats rebuilt, demonstrating 7. Terrace The two row houses—designed by how sustainable design, hands-on 8. Roof deck Minus Studios, a frequent collabora- architecture, and community engage- ROOF FLOOR tor with Onion Flats—face the street ment can provide the kind of diverse and are sandwiched between the housing needed to turn around a factory wall and row houses on an neighborhood in transition. ■ 120 Architectural Record 02.06
Some of the kitchencabinets are composedof a deep burgundypolymer laminate (topleft). Floating metalstairways fabricatedon-site allow naturallight to penetrate theinteriors (top right). The11 units are centeredaround a courtyardwith bamboo gardens.Elegant light fixturesand downspouts areamong the custom-made elements on theexterior. Balconies androoftop living roomsmaximize the use ofthe outdoors, achievinga sense of communitylife in the shared spaceof the courtyard (right).
Rather than tearingdown an existing con-venience store on thesite, Segal insertedfive two-story dwellingunits into it. A steel-clad tower houses twounits. Inexpensiveexterior finishes suchas painted concrete,stucco, and exposedrusting steel platesgive definition to thebuilding’s dif ferentvolumes and levelsand create uniquecompositions for eachelevation.
6 3 3 1 1 2 0 10 FT SECTION A-A 3 M. . A 1. Kitchen/living/ dining 4 3 3 3 2. Parking 1 1 1 1 1 6 4 4 4 4 3. Bedroom 4 3 4. Bath 3 3 5. Retail 1 1 6. Patio 4 4 3 3 6 6 4 4 3 2 4 1 1 5 3 A 0 10 FT.LEVEL ONE LEVE L TWO 3 M.124 Architectural Record 02.06
A white box housestwo units and servesas the showpiece ofthe complex. Sitting ontop of the garage, ithovers over the street,its glass walls reveal-ing open interiorspaces. The geometryof the glass panes,black moldings, andprimary colors recallsa Mondrian painting(above and opposite).The other distinctiveelevation is the steeltower (near right).Interiors are sleek andModern (far right). 02.06 Architectural Record 125
Solution their own identities—one a steel- Rather than tear down the old clad tower, the other a horizontal building, Segal opted to use the white box—house the remaining structure, saving nearly $80,000 four units. The tower contains two in demolition and construction bilevel units with plans resembling costs. “It’s good for the environment, those of the adjacent five. The white it’s good architecturally, and it’s box, however, serves as the show- good for us, financially,” he said. piece of the complex. Sitting atop He removed the existing roof and the garage, it hovers above B Street, rebuilt it to support a second story, a wall of floor-to-ceiling glass reveal- then inserted five two-story dwelling ing an open interior of white walls units into the original structure. Four and minimal detail. Segal plays with of the five apartments feature the color on this elevation, and while he same basic layout: an open ground resists the reference, the geometric floor with a kitchen and adjacent patterns of glass panes, black mold- outdoor patio, a custom-made steel ings, and primary colors recall a stairwell along the interior wall, two Mondrian painting. Both units in the small bedrooms, and a bathroom on white box contain three bedrooms the second level. The fifth unit dif- and two baths, as well as a spa- fers slightly in that it includes a cious outdoor terrace off the back. ground-floor bathroom and multi- Segal was able to keep con- purpose room that can double as a struction cost to just $82 a square dining room. foot by using his own crew to frame, Two separate structures with skin, and waterproof the apart- ments, as well as install windows, Simple, off-the-shelf interior elements kitchens, and cabinetry. Simple, off- reduced costs (left). Each apartment the-shelf interior materials, such as contains a custom-designed steel easy-to-install carpet squares, also staircase with a glass railing (below). reduced costs. A custom-designed steel staircase with a glass railing enlivens each apartment, but Segal was able to build it for just $3,000 by using his own workers. Inexpensive exterior finishes, such as painted concrete, stucco, and exposed, naturally rusting steel plates, give definition to the build- ing’s different volumes and levels and create unique compositions for each elevation. Commentary Although it stands out from its cen- tury-old neighbors, and some local residents criticized it when it opened, K Lofts fits well with the scale of the area, and provides a necessary dose of mixed-income housing. Indeed, as part of his strategy of integrating old and new, market-rate and subsidized, Segal doesn’t disclose which unit is “affordable.” And a tour of the com- plex doesn’t easily reveal the answer, as each apartment enjoys equal footing in terms of design and amenities. By working this way, Segal is building a community, not just a housing complex. ■126 Architectural Record 02.06
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This type of chart (below) is useful in research for describing the thermal conductivity for a variety of materi- als in relation to theirARCH I TECTURAL TECHNOLOGY tensile elastic modulus. John Fernandez’s to continuously restrain research into multilay- fabric material in ered composite fabrics order to avoid stress at MIT included an in- concentrations and depth investigation of unnecessary and intru- the detailing required sive fasteners. position and then join together and attach to a structure. While this high-performance fabrics. Gore membranes have most of the characteristics method of enclosing structures has been the standard for decades, required of building envelopes: moisture vapor permeability (breathability), Fernandez has been studying the rapid ascent, within the ﬁeld of polymer but low water absorption; a high strength-to-weight ratio; low ﬂammability; science, of the development of high-performance textiles. His ﬁndings chemical inertness; and good weathering properties. In other words, the have been published in Material Architecture: Emergent Materials for products were a perfect candidate for Fernandez’s investigation. Innovative Buildings and Ecological Construction (Architectural Press, an Fernandez identiﬁed two obstacles in the way of a direct tech- imprint of Elsevier, 2006). nology transfer. First, he had to consider the performance implications I M A G E S : C O U R T E SY J O H N F E R N A N D E Z Fernandez chose to explore his thesis, using materials already on when a material is implemented in multiple layers; and secondly, how to the market. Finding a manufacturer to sponsor academic research takes detail the joints and restraints. With regard to the latter, Fernandez insists time. After completing a white paper outlining the scope of his research, that there’s a great deal of precedent in sailboat technology and existing Fernandez spent a long 18 months making presentations to potential spon- tensile fabric structures to inform restraining techniques. Examples sors. In the end, he convinced Gore-Tex, a leader in composite textiles, to include Nicholas Grimshaw’s ETFE pillows for the Eden Project and supply a dozen rolls of material for testing. Its technology is based on Richard Rogers’s PTFE-coated Millennium Dome. expanded polytetraﬂuoroethylene (PTFE)—better know as Dupont Teﬂon, In an important development, experiments with those methods and other ﬂuoropolymer products. Whereas these products are now associ- of curtain-wall assembly using textiles required in-depth reconsideration ated with waterproof, protective outerwear, Gore-Tex ﬂuoropolymer of the detail morphology, which typically deﬁnes rigid, orthogonal com- products were originally meant to provide innovative solutions for next- ponents. Textiles are strong in tension and ineffective in compression, so generation cable assemblies for electronics, medical implants, and use with a very precise approach to connections is required. Also, nonstructural 130 Architectural Record 02.06
In tests at MIT, textiles Different kinds of fiber were laminated to glass weaves and grids and attached to alu- (below) were introduced minum plates to test to provide a range of failure behaviors (left). tensile strengths.textiles, the kind of system Fernandez is most interested in, cannot com- hundreds of yards, the framework can be placed infrequently—only wherepletely prevent the movement of the exterior surface of the fabric caused it is needed at corners and other geometric discontinuities.by the gusting of wind, for instance. Another approach uses the notion of “scales” of fabric to cover This condition led to the use of details that restrain textiles the exterior surface of a building. Again, these areas of textile-covered wallcontinuously along each edge. The most commonly used techniques are are restrained in tension and brought back to the structural support of thefound in sail technologies; these use a cable or compressible ﬁller (such building using an intermediate aluminum framework. However, in thisas a neoprene or other high-density polymer) around which the fabric is case, the scales are more easily adapted to various conﬁgurations towrapped and then slipped into a slotted metal tube. Most mainsails are respond to the changing conditions of the seasons and the daily needs andrestrained along their vertical edges in just this way. Other techniques preferences of the occupants.also use an edge cable restraint and reinforced panels with embedded The governing principle behind assembly says the materialcarbon and higher-strength ﬁbers anchored back to points of restraint should be continuous—or put another way, employ as few cuts as possible,on the structure. in order to avoid intrusive fasteners. The beneﬁt of textiles is that they can Detailing multilayered fabrics in this way changes the nature of be continuous. Prefabrication allows for rolls up to 300 yards to be deliv-the building design process. Designs can attempt a continuous textile sur- ered to the site and attached with continuous channels. Fernandezface employing a variety of textiles (Teﬂon-coated PVC, glass ﬁbers, aramid concluded that it would be possible to close a building in one tenth thetextiles, for example). This is achieved by splicing together the edges of time of a conventional glass-and-metal frame assembly. The next step is tothese various materials and restraining the assembly with an aluminum ﬁnd a proof-of-concept opportunity (and validation of process) with a realframework set at the edge of the slab. Because textiles can extend many client and project. Fernandez is looking for a commercial office building in 02.06 Architectural Record 131
Barrel-vaulted spaces spaces below and at the World Birding includes R-30 insula- Center allow for long tion. Large gravity vents spans and maximum at the ridge exhaust water collection on a hot air without the use contaminant-free metal of motors by drawing surface. A large, vented air in from continuous attic space forms a pro- vents at the eaves and tective air buffer for the end gables.ARCH I TECTURAL TECHNOLOGY Structural-steel light-colored roofing cuts heat gain Radiant barrier sheathing Batt insulation Gapped wood siding over acoustic insulation Shade trellis Concrete 30% fly ash Aluminum windows 75% recycled content Double-wide clay- Winds inlet low and vent high, block wall expelling rising hot air Concrete buttress controls outward thrust of arch panel roof Structural-steel arch Structural-steel light-colored reduces steel use by 48% roofing cuts heat gain Translucent arch panel provides natural daylighting Radiant barrier sheathing into porch and interior space Structural pipe collar controls Batt insulation outward thrust of arch panel Downspout first flush collects initial unclean water from roof Rainwater collection tanks provide water for irrigation Porch orients to southeast, catching prevailing summer breeze Structural pipe column while blocking summer sun which 85 percent of the envelope construction would be traditional, while headquarters for the World Birding Center on a site adjacent to the the remaining sections would consist of textile. Bentsen Rio Grande State Park in Mission, Texas, a major ﬂyover path for local and migratory birds. At one time, the site was fragile. Then it was dec- The practitioner imated. As principal David Lake, FAIA, recalls, “Over the decades, a In contrast to Fernandez’s applied research into nontraditional materials, colonial attitude prevailed, and the Lower Rio Grande Valley was clear-cut San Antonio–based architects Lake/Flato’s work relies on established mate- for agricultural purposes to the point where less than 5 percent of the nat- rials and traditional methods of construction. On a stylistic level, the ﬁrm ural habitat remained.” Although this deforested area might not be fuses down-home Texas practicality with a Modernist vocabulary, as impregnated with the contaminants necessary to qualify the site as a D R AW I N G : C O U R T E SY L A K E / F L ATO shown in the two projects presented here. But at a deeper level, the process brownﬁeld, Lake says they viewed what once was a rich river delta, now an is driven by a commitment to sustainability principles and practices. The old onion ﬁeld, as if it were one. Lake/Flato method, however, does not rely on a checklist of independent, The design process was then driven by methods of restoration quantiﬁable sustainable features. Instead, its success comes from combin- and reclamation in which the buildings assumed a supporting role. A ing and overlapping these features, thus activating additional beneﬁts that ﬂooded garden dominates the arrival zone. This garden is a demonstration the architects control. In other words, Lake/Flato seeks a whole that is habitat, which exhibits the characteristics of the naturally ﬂooded delta that greater and greener than the sum of its LEED-approved parts. once dominated the area. Arbors, a native plant restoration nursery, a Texas The ﬁrm often wins commissions for projects that introduce Ebony shade garden, and several bird habitats are all part of the master plan man-made structures into environmentally fragile areas. In one unusual to restore the area’s ecosystem. case, the Texas Parks & Wildlife Service commissioned the ﬁrm to design With priorities focused on the land, the architects pursued forms 132 Architectural Record 02.06
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The sophisticated of Houston, from the coating and a low-UARCH I TECTURAL TECHNOLOGY building envelope percentage of glazing value. Users have at the University of used on each facade control of the thermal Texas Nursing to the design of shad- environment through School/Student Center ing devices. The operable windows is tuned to respond to glazing is spectrally and adjustable airflow the climatic conditions selective with a low-E controls. and construction methods that tread lightly so as to do no harm and relate The exterior clay-block walls made in D’Harris, Texas, provide to the ad hoc architectural customs of the valley. Local farmers tradition- a highly efficient thermal mass, but they also lend color and texture to ally cluster buildings to create tree-shaded “comfort zones” for their the surface. The blocks slow heat gain during high-gain periods and houses. The visitors’ center is composed of three main structures, housing release heat at night. Behind the wall is a deep airspace and radiant interpretive exhibits and multiuse space, administrative offices, a gift shop, barrier to repel additional heat gain before the heat reaches the R-19 insulated wall cavity. THE ARCHITECTS PURSUED FORMS THAT The deeply corrugated, barrel-vaulted roof spans a long distance TREAD LIGHTLY SO AS TO DO NO HARM AND with less material and eliminates structural redundancies. As compared to D R AW I N G : C O U R T E SY L A K E / F L ATO traditional truss and deck steel, this system reduces the amount of steel RELATE TO THE AD HOC ARCHITECTURAL required by 48 percent. However, it serves a critical architectural purpose, CUSTOMS OF THE VALLEY. as well. “The vaults of arch-panel shell roof are a reaction to a prominent form in the agricultural vernacular of the area,” explains principal Robert and a café. The three structures are clustered in such a manner as to con- Harris, AIA. “These practical and efficient shell structures are commonly trol shaded areas and garden spaces. They’re oriented on an east-west axis, used for economical barn and storage structures.” parallel to an irrigation canal on the south, in order to capture the pre- “Engineered wood framing was used on the Hawk Tower and vailing summer breezes. The buildings face south, east, and west to block viewing blinds for several reasons,” explains Harris. “First, it has a more the summer sun; on the northern side, vision glass provides views into natural feel in a remote habitat area; secondly, it eliminates the potential courtyards and vistas beyond. for unchecked rust. It’s an efficient use of wood products to choose engi- 134 Architectural Record 02.06
neered material rather than solid stock in larger sizes.” Engineered wood embodied energy (made of materials that require less total energy to has become popular as a substitute for the decreasing supply of old- extract, manufacture, transport, construct, maintain, and discard), local growth trees. The wood comes from plentiful species, such as aspen and materials, daylighting, 60 percent reduced building water consumption, poplar, which typically is engineered into laminated strand lumber (LSL) and natural gray/black water treatment systems. Its sophisticated envelope and treated with a noncontaminant preservative called ACQ, a combina- is tuned to respond to the climatic conditions of Houston, including tion of copper and quaternary ammonium compound dissolved in an operable windows and spectrally selective glazing. alkaline carrier system. Principal Greg Papay, AIA, explains the process by describing There aren’t many projects that call on architects to heal the land the ﬁnal product. “In the end, highly sustainable building does much to while they’re fulﬁlling program requirements, so in some ways, the World emulate nature and natural systems. While it’s easy to tell the visual dif- Birding Center is an extreme example. On the other hand, it’s a textbook case ference between a branch and a leaf, just as it is between, say, a facade and of the invisible process that creates architectural form with meaning that is the structural system, the two by necessity are highly integrated, each sup- transparent and comprehensible. Projects such as Lake/Flato’s Nursing porting a larger whole, each other, and the subsystems within their School/Student Center building at the University of Texas Health Science components,” he explains. “In essence, there is a continuum and an inter-ARCH I TECTURAL TECHNOLOGY Center in Houston are more the norm. The university’s administration man- dependence. So the best way for the process to produce that product is for dated that the school be a model of sustainable design, believing that a the process to share the same approach.” building that houses health and wellness programs ought to be healthy itself. In his book, Fernandez warns against the temptation to “distill As with the Birding Center, the ﬁnal result is more than the an essential meaning from the materials themselves.” The warning accumulation of high-performance materials and low-energy systems. applies to the assignation of value to architectural form simply because But unlike the center, the $57 million nursing school had a complex pro- it’s infused with quantiﬁable sustainable features. Lake/Flato’s process gram, one driven as much by the status a well-designed, state-of-the-art prevents its work from falling into this trap. The ﬁrm appears to adhere facility brings to an educational institution as by its mandate to be a to Fernandez’s dictum that “it is in a material’s use that value is struck model of sustainability. Lake/Flato and the Houston office of BNIM and intention fulﬁlled—that is, transformation toward meaning from Architects collaborated on the school and achieved that coveted LEED lowly material to humane building is achieved through the action of Gold rating with all the familiar features. The design incorporates low- deep values.” ■ A I A / ARCH I TECTURAL RECOR D 5. Textiles require details that restrain them along their edges for which reason? a. to resist raveling CONT INU ING EDUCAT ION b. to resist compression c. they can extend for hundreds of yards INSTRUCTIONS d. they have strength in tension ◆ Read the article “New Technologies Create New Challenges” using the learning objectives provided. 6. A building facade’s framing members can be placed at fewer intervals for which reason? ◆ Complete the questions below, then ﬁll in your answers (page 198). a. textiles can be continuous up to 300 yards ◆ Fill out and submit the AIA/CES education reporting form (page b. textiles have high-tensile strength 198) or download the form at www.archrecord.com c. textiles are ineffective in compression to receive one AIA learning unit. d. textiles can close up a building faster than glass-and-metal frame assembly QUESTIONS 7. The unusual program of the World Birding Center demanded a design 1. Design and construction, research and commercial application, are bound process driven by all except which? together by which? a. restoration a. research b. demonstration b. the architect c. nontraditional materials c. building process d. reclamation d. technology 8. Southeast Texas building customs inﬂuenced all aspects of the architectural 2. Applied research is the search for which? design except which? a. theories a. buildings face south to block the summer sun b. test results b. deep porches and covered circulation c. isolated inquiries c. buildings clustered to create comfort zones d. commercial applications d. use of engineered wood framing 3. Expanding knowledge to include advances in material science and 9. The corrugated-metal, barrel-vaulted roofs on the Birding Center buildings engineering is known as which? allow for which? a. biomedical engineering a. slow heat gain b. technology transfer b. maximum water collection c. innovation c. grain storage d. exploration d. no need for insulation 4. Gore-Tex products were originally meant to provide solutions for all except 10. Engineered wood framing was used on the Hawk Tower for the following which use? reasons except which? a. protective outerwear a. it has a more natural feel than steel studs b. cable assemblies for electronics b. it eliminates the potential for rust c. medical implants c. it is a better use of forest woods than solid stock d. high-performance fabrics d. it does not use preservatives 136 Architectural Record 02.06
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Tech Briefs A Frank Lloyd Wright icon will rely on an energy-efficient HVAC system for better interior comfort • Can architects reverse global warming? One designer thinks so—and says why Unity Temple will use geothermal energy after its first major restoration ARCH I TECTURAL TECHNOLOGY Frank Lloyd Wright’s 1908 Unity of worship, despite the fact Temple in Oak Park, Illinois, is that it’s also a major tourist considered an early Modernist attraction and one of the Back-up well field masterpiece for its compact monu- most significant Wright build- location Ground source well mentality and the striking planar ings in the world.” approximately 300-400 feet deep geometry of its cast-in-place con- (not to scale) crete. Although its interior ranks New HVAC efficiencies 12-inch diameter among the great public spaces of In improving the building’s zone around Horizontal well provides piping routed the 20th century, it proved uncom- thermal comfort, the congre- thermal energy from well field to boiler room fortable almost from the start. An gation wanted to use a advanced but poorly executed heat- system that would reduce ing scheme meant noisy radiators operating costs and have rela- in colder months, and the lack of tively few adverse effects on air-conditioning and proper ventila- the environment. Ultimately, DIAGRAM OF GEOTHERMAL HVAC SYSTEM tion made the building a sauna in the design team developed a the summer. system of geothermal wells, Last year, the church’s drilled to a probable depth of A new geothermal system for Wright’s Unitarian Universalist congregation 300 feet. The design calls for Unity Temple (schematic above) will joined forces with the Unity Temple a closed-loop fluid circulation improve indoor comfort and help slash Restoration Foundation to kick off system that will carry an heating and cooling costs by up to 50 the building’s first major restoration, antifreeze formula of glycol, percent. Wright’s cast-in-place concrete which is slated for completion in ethanol, or another environ- structure broke the mold for religious 2009—the centennial of the build- mentally benign substance. buildings when it was finished in 1908. ing’s dedication. A significant It also has provisions for an component of the $12 million to ice-storage system for pro- gas by the 1970s. During the $15 million project addresses ducing ice overnight to reduce current renovation, a high- the building’s HVAC problems by the required chiller capacity, efficiency natural-gas boiler installing a new ground-source according to Mark Nussbaum, will replace the latter to pro- pump system for heating and cool- principal of ACE. vide backup heat and heat ing. The project will also involve Nussbaum and his team for cooking. repairs to the temple’s reinforced- are still finessing the number The new scheme’s concrete structure, as well as of wells and their exact depth. demand-controlled ventila-I M A G E S : C O U R T E SY U N I T Y T E M P L E R E S TO R AT I O N FO U N DAT I O N improvements to interior woodwork, But he says adding the water tion system, which is lighting, and art-glass windows; a loop and ice-storage capabil- triggered by carbon dioxide new electrical system; and changes ity does not add significantly levels (a proxy measure- for ADA compliance, including the to the cost of the project, par- ment for the number of installation of an elevator. ticularly given the reduced occupants in the building), The project team, consisting of chiller capacity it affords. is tailored to the needs of architect Gunny Harboe of Chicago The new HVAC system both users and the historic and engineers Architectural will also mostly fit within the building fabric. “The system Consulting Engineers (ACE) of Oak existing utility trenches and brings in only enough fresh Park, must balance the needs of the ducts at Unity, lessening the air to meet actual needs, congregation with strict preservation impact on the original structure. common in its time—that was fed and it allows for a porous building,” requirements for the landmarked In a bit of function following his- by a coal-fired steam boiler. But the Nussbaum says. building, which comprises a temple, toric form, the geothermal scheme system performed so poorly that This last point is important meeting hall, and entrance hall. will be augmented by radiant heat by Trinity’s congregation converted the because Unity’s single-glazed “The original users are still occupy- converting Unity’s existing radiator radiators to steam heat in 1910, leaded art glass is porous and ing Unity,” says Harboe, principal of units. When the building opened in according to Nussbaum. The boiler difficult to control thermally. But Gunny Harboe Architects of Chicago. 1909, its radiators were connected was later converted to oil in the measures like storm glazing would “So it must still function as a place to a forced-hot-air system—not early 20th century, and to natural compromise the building’s aesthet- 02.06 Architectural Record 139
Tech Briefs work was the overhangs,” he says. Unity’s signature heavy eaves were which was a clear resin,” Harboe says. Wright also applied color rebuilt several years ago. washes directly to the interior’s The temple skylight requires plaster walls; the restoration team ics and could also create moisture ing season, which should compen- significant restoration. “It’s our is making mock-ups to replicate problems, according to the design- sate for the new cooling load. “We intent to go back to the original the original washes. ers. Nussbaum says the overall expect to see a 40 to 50 percent design. There is some of the origi- The restoration team will HVAC design doesn’t require an reduction of utility bills over what a nal fabric, but there’s a question also reevaluate Unity’s previous, airtight building to work efficiently. conventional HVAC system costs,” of how much we can reuse,” says periodic maintenance program to P H OTO G R A P H Y : C O U R T E SY U N I T Y T E M P L E R E S TO R AT I O N FO U N DAT I O N “We don’t have any delicate Nussbaum says. Another benefit of Harboe. see if changes are needed. museum artifacts here,” he says, the geothermal system is that it Many layers of paint coat the One concern for the interior “so we can improve indoor comfort typically provides an 80 percent interior oak woodwork, most of is that the planned changes, suchARCH I TECTURAL TECHNOLOGY without damaging the building’s reduction of source emissions as the new mechanical shell, which is pretty hardy.” compared to systems pow- systems, air handlers, and ACE used software to model ered by fossil fuels, he says. the like, might affect the the structure’s energy performance, original temple’s excellent even though its as-built conditions Making the old new acoustics. The work is being have never been fully documented. again reviewed by an oversight “It’s difficult to do energy modeling Aside from the HVAC team of architects, engi- for a building when we don’t thor- improvements, the rest of neers, and preservationist oughly know its construction,” he the renovation ranges in specialists, who pore over says. “There are some voids in the complexity. Wright’s cast-in- details to mitigate any masonry walls, for instance, but it’s place concrete structure was physical and aesthetic not clear exactly where they are.” innovative for its time, and A photo dated 1925 shows a women’s group that intrusions, and ensure they The models, then, approximated structurally it is still in good may have been part of Unity’s early congregation. are reversible, if necessary. the building’s performance with its shape overall, according to “We want to make sure present equipment and consumption Harboe, despite some cracks and which is original. “Ultimately, we’d we do no harm,” Harboe says. “I levels. Overall, the calculations show spalling. “We’re not anticipating like to remove the paint and go think it’s doable without any major improved efficiency during the heat- replacing rebar,” he says. “The major back to Wright’s original finish, gymnastics.” Ted Smalley Bowen First Impressions Last. Products selected for restroom design do make a difference. Customers notice. In fact, 70% of facility managers surveyed said the restrooms were the most visited area of their building. From Bradley’s new light-powered lavatory system with ndite™ technology to partitions, accessories and plastic lockers, Bradley provides the pieces to create contemporary, long lasting restroom designs. Count on Bradley products to make a great first impression–in your restroom and on your customers. 1-800-BRADLEY www.bradleycorp.com PLUMBING FIXTURES WA S H R O O M A C C E S S O R I E S LENOX™ LOCKERS M I L L S ™ PA R T I T I O N S CIRCLE 52 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
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years to ﬁgure out how to make Tech Briefs carbon-neutral buildings? ings consume, combined with the temperatures predicted by these MAZRIA: This is based on climate scientific models, you come up with research done by the European a very rapid time frame: reducing A Santa Fe architect calls for carbon-neutral Union. Their scientists have deter- fossil fuel consumption of buildings mined that the maximum amount by 50 percent by the year 2010, buildings in the next quarter century of global warming the planet can and 10 percent more every five In January, Edward worldwide. How did tolerate is 2 degrees Celsius. If years until we achieve carbon- Mazria, AIA, launched you come up with that we continue on our current path, neutral buildings by 2030. the Web site ﬁgure? we’ll achieve that rise by about AR: The AIA has endorsed your Architecture 2030 (www. MAZRIA: I developed 2050, and we’d reach a rise of three point of view with a major policy architecture2030.org), a way to look at build- degrees Celsius by 2070. With a statement released in December.ARCH I TECTURAL TECHNOLOGY where he explains the ings as a sector of the temperature rise that high, the con- What steps need to be taken to link between buildings economy, the way the sequences are catastrophic—the achieve these goals? and global warming and industrial and trans- polar ice caps would melt, warmer MAZRIA: As architects, we can calls for all buildings to be carbon- portation sectors are tracked. I ocean temperatures would result in design more energy-efficient build- P H OTO G R A P H Y : C O U R T E SY E D WA R D M A Z R I A neutral by the year 2030. Mazria, defined the building sector to con- severe weather patterns, and we ings and also specify materials that who’s done extensive research on sist of what we, as architects, could lose 25 percent of the species have low embodied energy and are building energy use, talked with control. When we design a build- on the planet. To avert the two made with clean energy sources. RECORD about the urgency of his ing—its orientation, massing, degrees centigrade rise by 2050, Educators and regulators must proposal and how the design com- fenestration—we set in motion its scientists say we need to reduce adopt better energy standards for munity will achieve it. (For the energy consumption pattern. And total worldwide carbon emissions buildings. We’re working with archi- full text of the interview, log on to we also control what materials by that date by 40 to 60 percent tecture schools and all levels of greensource.construction.com.) buildings are made from. In my cal- below 1990 levels, which was the government to make sure this hap- culations, I included the energy use benchmark set by the United pens. Most important, we must ARCHITECTURAL RECORD: Your of buildings as well as the embodied Nations. For buildings, this means also change the building codes in research has determined that energy of construction materials. we must rely less and less on fossil the U.S. It’s a huge effort, yes, but buildings are responsible for half AR: So, how did you determine fuels for energy. When you back- critical to the future of the planet. of all greenhouse gas emissions that designers have less than 25 calculate how much energy build- Interviewed by Deborah Snoonian The V isit our website or World’s order our full-color catalog to see all 31 of our power & data wo wo L i Losing The Sanidoor system is a sensible First... gromments and our other components. to to alternative that everyone will appreciate. C PCS29 Sanidoor easily installs with … Power and Data your existing swinging door Grommet that sits on the setup. You, your employees desk! No holes, no and your customers can exit clamps needed! Ideal for training tables, home health? a restroom, or move from offices, libraries. Flexibility any hallway or room, without and portability. touching the door handle, Comes with one power Sa Sa efﬁciently reducing the spread outlet, one Cat. 5E data module. Black only. can help! of germs. To ﬁnd out more and schedule a demonstration, call 800.930.7264 “ F I N E A R C H I T E C T U R A L H A R D W A R E F O R YO U R F I N E F U R N I T U R E ” ® or visit www.sanidoor.com. Doug Mockett & Company, Inc.• Manhattan Beach, CA • 800.523.1269 e. . w w w . m o c k e t t . c o m www.sanidoor.com CIRCLE 54 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO CIRCLE 55 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/ TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
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PRO JECTSLIGHTING The media room, a sunken space just off the living room, features shelves, paneling, and platforms that create a sculptural landscape with luminous chartreuse surfaces (above). Fluorescent lighting is both exposed and concealed. In the master bedroom, each wall is painted a slightly different shade of lilac to play with light (right). Rather than a window, the mirrored aperture reflects daylight from a light well in the ceiling, “a periscope effect,” Adjaye says. The open-plan main living space features a shiny black-resin ﬂoor and black-stained timber walls. The black surfaces visually expand the space and create a dark void into which daylight ﬁlters through the glazing. “The living space’s darkness intensiﬁes the perception of the day- light coming in from the courtyards,” notes Adjaye. Exposed, dimmable ﬂuorescents line the edges of the black walls for ambient light, and frame the glazing. Bordering one side of the space, a step-down, sunken media area is painted chartreuse for a dramatic contrast. Here, both exposed and concealed ﬂuorescents emphasize the pocket space’s vibrant color. In the master bedroom, each wall and the carpeted ﬂoor is a slightly different shade of lilac, while the second bedroom achieves a sim- Project: Lost House, London Sources ilar effect in tones of mint green. The gradation of color heightens “the Architect, lighting designer: Adjaye Fluorescents: Philips Lighting perceptual and psychological effects of how light interacts with the archi- Associates—David Adjaye, Glazing: Proﬁle Glass tecture,” Adjaye says. Rather than windows, light wells in the ceiling of principal; Josh Carver, Craig Tan, Moss roof: Erisco Bauder each bedroom allow daylight indoors, which is reﬂected in horizontal Ixone Altube, Mattus Vallo, mirrors set into apertures with canted edges. Also ﬁtted with exposed project team For more information on this project, ﬂuorescents, the rooms become engaging, three-dimensional color Structural engineer: Price & Myers go to Lighting at ﬁelds that are foils for changing conditions of light. ■ Contractor: RJ Parry www.archrecord.com. 150 Architectural Record 02.06
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Mesh-screen partitions(opposite), which incor-porate the company’ssignature diamond-and-leaf motif, are lit withPAR20 metal halides.GSA developed a kit-of-parts system of customfixtures used in everyLV store, including con-cealed fluorescenttubes for shelving andMR16 downlights (leftand above).
At the center of thestore, an enclosed70-foot-long escalatorturns conveyance intoart appreciation (left).Twelve panels com-prising 720,000fiber-optic pointsmake up the abstractinstallation Alpha, thework of Americanvideo artist Tim White-Sobieski. Elsewhere,projected videos(above right) and illu-minated mesh screens(above left) enhancecirculation routes.
LIGHTING PRO JECTS Carlson conceived of the promenade layout concept, dispensingwith standard enclosed retail ﬂoors and instead carving out volumeswithin the existing structure to create multiple platform levels that pro-mote ﬂuid movement. Throughout, brass-mesh panels partially screenwindows and serve as buffers between retail zones. Fitted into a slot alongthe upper edge of each mesh panel, metal halide PAR20 lamps graze thescreens along the windows and blend with daylight for a dappled effect.Where the partitions serve as area dividers, they take on the appearance ofoutsize sparkling bracelets linked together. Inlaid at different points withleather, glass, porcelain, and wood, the illuminated mesh skin evokes alighting effect Carlson observed on a walk through Paris. “When the sunsets on a street axis in the late afternoon,” he says, “the light washes overwrought-iron balustrades, creating a glistening secondary facade.” Along the promenade and down through a spiraling walkway,halogen MR16 spotlights set into ceiling slots provide ambient and accentlighting. Additional MR16s wash plaster walls and graphic panels. Insidedisplay cases, T5 ﬂuorescents crisply illuminate jewelry and accessories. Louis Vuitton also commissioned artworks by light artist JamesTurrell and Danish artist Olafur Eliasson to enrich the shopping experi-ence. And located in the building’s former courtyard, now a six-storyvolume in the center of the store, a dramatic array of 1,900 hanging steelrods refracts light as an impressive canopy. Washing the curved inner sur-face with warm light, AR111 tungsten halogen ﬁxtures are hidden withina ledge set along the lower rim of the semicircular steel curtain. The lighting effects dazzle, but practicality was also a priority.“One challenge was to carefully budget energy usage,” Sexton says. “Theatrium’s complex HVAC requirements limited use of electrical energy forlighting.” To light the dome, for example, the team bypassed metal halidesand instead speciﬁed less-expensive, lower-wattage tungsten halogens, butin greater quantities, to generate sparkle and even illumination. ■Sources Tungsten halogens the edges of the rodsCustom fixtures: Equinoxe graze the steel as viewers look over-MR16 lamps: General Electric For more information on this curtain within the head, creating a visualAR111 lamps: Osram project, go to Lighting at atrium (above). The effect Carlson callsLighting controls: Lutron www.archrecord.com. light is reflected in “sparkling stars” (top).
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Untitled , a 2004 laser installation at Seattle’s Jack Straw Production New Media Gallery, paired sound and lasers to create discrete zones.Building 9 was partof the Horse HeadSculpture Project. Here,the artist installed light,color, and scents in thewindows of a building.
PROFILELIGHTING Erikson Sidewalk , a glowing red walk- through installation in the 1997 exhibition Encounters With Space, was mounted at Seattle’s John Erikson Building. Queen Anne Park , a light study for a pro- posed installation in an urban Seattle park, shows how illumination would emanate from canted walls sloping to the ground. each person passing through the vertical partition. its surroundings. When working in a gallery space, she reﬂects on how Untitled, a blacked-out gallery space crossed by six lasers, her artwork will interact with a conventional arts venue. She builds scale became a sort of “satellite space,” she says, seemingly disconnected from models to test her lighting solutions. Models enable the artist to execute a the outside world. She and other participants moved around “feeling design, and sometimes “are more interesting and revealing than what I had immaterial,” in an enclosed theatrical arena. originally envisioned, sending me off exploring once more,”she says. Another project, Aqua Pura Vista, was an audiovisual work In terms of the practical applications for her research, focusing on memories, constructed inside a brick-and-metal water tower Alessandrini says she believes the work of artists eventually inﬂuences in Seattle’s Volunteer Park. Attracted by the sounds of dripping water and mainstream thinking and can lead architects in new directions when gentle chanting, visitors climbed to the top to watch video images of thinking about light and space. She is currently collaborating with land- floating bodies and colorful overlapping projections of arches on a scape architect Bob Murase on a public outdoor project in Seattle’s cylindrical screen. Light from 26 halogen lamps and gels mimicked the Uptown Queen Anne neighborhood. The planned park will have a low- patterns made by the sun falling through the tower’s own arches. sloping central area bounded by trees. For canted, slitlike openings in Funded by grants from both the public and private sectors, the ground, Alessandrini is designing a color-changing LED installation, and sometimes commissioned by architects, Alessandrini’s artistic process drawing life to another empty urban environment and ﬁlling it with begins with a site survey, exploring potential links between a structure and sound and light. ■ 162 Architectural Record 02.06
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LIGHTING Frank Gehry says his new Cloud Lamps are an homage to the Akari lamps of Isamu Noguchi. The sculptural luminaires are constructed of sheets of translucent polyester clipped together to form irregular shapes around a 100-watt incandescent PRODUCT DESIGN bulb. The units, in three volume sizes, can be grouped vertically (right) or horizontally (below).Gehry on lighting the cloudsInterview By William Weathersby, Jr.F rank Gehry is the master of creating sculptural buildings renowned AR: What about the construction of each ﬁxture? There seems to be quite for their voluptuous curves and light-refracting skins. For his latest a range of conﬁgurations. product designs, the architect looked toward the clouds. His new FG: I wanted to create a lighting system that would be ﬂexible. I ﬁguredseries of Cloud Lamps, designed for Vitra, are dramatic lighting ﬁxtures out that if you stamp one shape and use a clip system, you can use onethat seem to ﬂoat. The ﬁxtures evoke the luminous lamps of Isamu mold for manufacturing the sections that make up each shade. The idea isNoguchi, but with a crinkly, one-of-a-kind twist. Made from a ﬁre-retar- that everyone who buys a lamp can twist and mold and alter the shapedant, tear-resistant skin that looks like paper, each Cloud Lamp seems like until they get what they want. Later, you can alter the shape again to suita found object showcasing countless folds, crimps, bulges, and dents. a new requirement. And you can group the lamp units together to createAvailable as a hanging, standing, ﬂoor, or table lamp, the Cloud houses a a chandelier, or build vertical or horizontal ﬁxtures in different sizes. Thesingle incandescent lamp affixed to a transparent polycarbonate ring. In consumer becomes a collaborator in the design.New York recently for the launch of the new lighting line, Gehry sat downwith record to talk about his designs. AR: The lamps are offered in three volumes based on the number of panels that can be clipped together: ﬁve, seven, or 10. Do you foresee anyARCHITECTURAL RECORD: For your ﬁrst lighting line, you have other future options for the Cloud?designed something versatile and ethereal. What was your inspiration? FG: We are experimenting with dyeing the skins in colors: There are redFRANK GEHRY: Vitra asked me to create a lighting ﬁxture, and I wanted and yellow prototype versions now, and one with stripes. We might alsoto experiment with shapes. I’ve always loved Isamu Noguchi’s Akari design another mold to achieve different shapes.lamps. Recently I was working to update my cardboard/paper Easy Edgesfurniture from the early 1970s for the company, so I thought I would do AR: Will you specify any Cloud ﬁxtures in your own upcoming buildings?light ﬁxtures working with craftpaper. I love that material. Some of my FG: I never use my own stuff in my projects. I feel it is unfair to specify forﬁrst lighting prototypes are on display at Vitra [in the New York show- a client. When they ask for it, we talk about it, but only upon request.room]. I have working versions in my house, too. One prototype wasmade of irregular paper cups used for packing that we stapled together. AR: You’ve also created new versions of the Easy Edges and ExperimentalBut of course paper isn’t practical for mass production, and because of Edges cardboard chairs and tables for Vitra. What’s on the horizon?safety issues, so we translated the lamp’s sheathing into a treated polyester FG: I want to design a line of furniture for children, based on the notionmaterial that is tear-free, ﬂame-resistant, and ages well. of building blocks—simple shapes and splashes of color. ■ 02.06 Architectural Record 165
University of California at Merced campusTriangular ColumnStately and prestigious, the Triangular Column combines innovativelight column attributes with high quality design engineering. Fixtureincorporates high pressure die-castings, completely sealed flush safetyglass, choice of refractor systems, and up to 100w HID lamping.Available with SELUX patented MTR refractor for glare free lighting. Light. Ideas. Systems. www.selux.com/usa (800) 735-8927 CIRCLE 64 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO CIRCLE 65 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/ TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
Lighting Products LIGHTING RESOURCES į More clarity than before Resolute has introduced two new additions to the Clarity line of lamp holders designed by Douglas Varey. The Clarity Universal Wall/Ceiling lamp features a shade that rotates 350 degrees and an elbow joint that swivels 190 degrees. The Clarity Swivel Reach lamp also has an elbow joint that swivels 190 degrees and comes in lengths of 16 to 56. The line is also available in three new colors: Aqua (far left), Red/Orange (second from left), and Chartreuse Green (third from right), shown in the pendant style above. Resolute, Seattle. www.resoluteusa.com CIRCLE 200 Ĭ Pearl of a light ﬁxture The Oyster family of luminaires features shallow, semi-elliptical light housings and corresponding curvilinear, winglike top reflectors. Their angle to each other can be increased or decreased to mimic the opening or closing of an oyster shell. Indirectį Starring role light is aimed upward and reflectsAccording to the folks at Serien Lighting, a off of the top reflector to walls androom without an eye-catching luminaire “is like into spaces below at pedestrianan unadorned décolleté on the red carpet at level. The fixtures are constructedCannes.” Made for dramatic impact, the Poppy Lüster chandelier is intended for of lightweight steel and extrudedrestaurants, foyers, or any location with at least 10-foot-high ceilings. Depending on aluminum components in white orhow the 30 Medusa-like arms are arranged around the stainless-steel sphere, the metallic-gray finishes. Luxo,luminaire’s diameter varies from 4 to 5. The mouth-blown-glass shades come in white, Elmsford, N.Y. www.luxous.comred, or black-violet. Serien Lighting, Fort Lauderdale, Fla. www.serien.com CIRCLE 201 CIRCLE 202 Ĭ Get ready to play ball Omer Arbel has recently been named creative director for Bocci, a Vancouver-based manufacturer. Known for his award-winning furnishings, Arbel’s 14 series cast-glass pendants for Bocci will be the designer’s first piece of work to enter large-scale pro- duction. The 14 series is a family of low-voltage lighting fixtures made of articulated seamed-cast-glass spheres with frosted cylin- drical voids, which house halogen light fixtures. Designed to be clustered in groups, the light inter- acts with the bubbles and imperfections in the glass to make a rich halo of light around the piece. The series has already beenLight-emitting-capacitor technology short-listed for severalCeelite’s flat lighting panels use light-emitting-capacitor (LEC) technology, making it pos- awards, including the IFsible to apply lighting to floors, walls, around columns and pillars, and on unconventional Product Design Award inobjects and surfaces indoors and out. The panels are composed of three components: Hannover. Bocci plans toSylvania’s high-quality light emitting phosphors for color and brightness; proprietary pro- add more items by Arbelgrammable Flatline Inverters to control levels of brightness and lifetime; and advanced and other designers to“packaging materials” for lower heat generation that extends the life of the lighting. the collection in the future.Compared to standard electroluminescent products, Ceelite claims its LEC-based light- Bocci, Vancouver.ing offers superior brightness. Ceelite, Lansdale, Pa. www.ceelite.com CIRCLE 203 www.bocci.ca CIRCLE 204For more information, circle item numbers on Reader Service Card or go to www.archrecord.com, under Products, then Reader Service. 02.06 Architectural Record 167
Lighting Products ǡ Crystal clear luxuryRESOURCES The Curios collection, from legendary French glassmaking company Lalique, draws its inspira- tion from the Vizcaya Museum & Gardens in Miami, which were recently damaged as a result of Hurricane Wilma. Crafted in gold and silverLIGHTING plating, the accessories and lighting in the collec- tion are interpreted in the luxe medium of Lalique crystal. The Jaffa grouping includes a vase in crystal with a silver metallic finish, a desk lamp in clear crystal and polished and brushed metal, a ceiling light in clear crystal, a votive holder in clear crystal and brushed metal, and a chandelier (shown) with 5, 10, or 20 lights or a “stemmed” chandelier with 20 lights, both in clear crystal and polished and brushed metal. Lalique, New į Glam lamps York City. www.lalique.com CIRCLE 206 Founded in 1999, Zia-Priven Design features a collection of glamorous pendants, sconces, table and floor lamps, finials, and accessories. Inspired by the current pop- ularity for hand-printed wallpapers, the Wallpaper Collection includes a series of handmade-wallpaper hanging pendants in three sizes. The Dauphine large drum pendant (top left) and Red Mimosa large drum pendant (center) measures 18 x 18 Ǡ Illuminating x 9. The Waterfall Pendant (right) comes with a rectangular or oval shade and 75 sculpture crystal swags. Zia-Priven Design, Brooklyn, N.Y. www.ziapriven.com CIRCLE 205 This outdoor sculpture in Cornellá, Spain, is illuminated by Martin Ǡ Art glass sconces Architectural’s Exterior 600, WPT Design offers a range Exterior 200, and Exterior of sconce fixtures with bril- 200 Long Barrel wash liant art-glass shades. The lights, whose colored ADA-compliant Dessy beams contrast with the series features heavy- sculpture’s stainless steel, gauge stainless steel and steel cuts, and glass plates. curved or flat handcrafted The work, an enormous glass in a single, double, or inclined frame divided by triple candelabra design. an illuminated vertical ele- Shown here is a stainless- ment, is located in a public steel double candelabra park. The illumination with Meadow front glass and Flat Almond back glass shades. The UL-listed fixture schemes are controlled by measures 19 x 11 and uses two 60-watt incandescent bulbs. WTP also offers 3D a Martin PC-based “glass on glass” in animal motifs, ideal for spaces designed for children. WPT Design, LightJockey. Martin Architectural, Woodland Park, Colo. Libertyville, Ill. www.wptdesign.com CIRCLE 207 www.martin-architectural.com CIRCLE 208 ǡ Brightest offering yet An ultra-bright interior/exterior LED flood- light and the world’s brightest underwater LED pool light are two of the latest prod- ucts powered by Lamina Ceramics. Each LED is capable of generating any of 16 million colors, including varying shades of į Know when it’s out, not when it’s fading white. The two offerings are designed Philips has introduced a high-pressure sodium, noncycling Ceramalux lamp. The newest around Lamina’s chip-on-board packaging addition to the Ceramalux line eliminates the unwanted “cycling” that often causes technology, which enables multiple LEDs outdoor lamps to consistently turn off and on at the end of life, making it easier to to be clustered closely together, resulting determine which lamps should be replaced. The new lamp passes the EPA’s TCLP test in a high light output in a very small foot- for nonhazardous waste, and contains up to 90 percent less mercury than a standard print. Lamina Ceramics, Westampton, N.J. Philips Ceramalux lamp. Philips Lighting, Somerset, N.J. www.philips.com CIRCLE 209 www.laminaceramics.com CIRCLE 210 168 Architectural Record 02.06 For more information, circle item numbers on Reader Service Card or go to www.archrecord.com, under Products, then Reader Service.
System: Space Sculpting Mesh: Plait Attachment: FrameApplication: Austin Convention Center, Austin, TX Architect: Barnes Gromatzky Kosarek Architects A warm welcome flows from transparent walls. Light blossoms where there was darkness, curvesswim from where there were corners. Excitement, vision, power. Shading, cooling, ventilating. Architectural woven metal systems from Cambridge will comply with your imagination unlike any other material you’ve ever worked with. TOLL FREE 1 866 806 2385 WWW.ARCHITECTURALMESH.COM CIRCLE68 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/ A DIVISION OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL
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Products Flooring: Wood, Resilient & Concrete This month’s flooring roundup includes new offerings in vinyl, wood, bamboo, and concrete. For the latest trends in the flooring industry, check out the Surfaces show, held from 1/31–2/3 in Las Vegas, or the Coverings tile and stone expo, to be held from 4/4–4/7 in Orlando. Rita Catinella OrrellCommercial resilient flooring lines updatedArmstrong Commercial Floors has The Translations line featuresupdated several resilient flooring a classic marble visual in a range ofcollections, including the Timberline, colors and three seaming methods.Standard Excelon, Translations, and Ideal for retail, education, health-Commission Plus product lines. care, and other applications, the Exotic wood visuals have been heterogeneous sheet flooring hasadded to the Timberline group, com- expanded to a palette of 24 calmprising four shades of bamboo and neutrals and bright accents.three variations of wenge, along with Finally, the refreshedfive other options, including rustic Commission Plus collection is idealbeech, walnut, and cherry. The color for spaces that need a residentialpalette for the Standard Excelon VCT look combined with light-commer-collection has been increased by 16 cial performance, such as assisted Translations in Antiquemore colors. Both products meet living. Armstrong has nearly doubled Brown, Cinnamon, andall current ASTM guidelines and the product line, which now includes Creamy White, andfeature a new urethane coating for 30 SKUs, including a wide variety Timberline in Mediumincreased durability. The floors are of decoratives, stones, slates, and Cherry (above). A detailalso FloorScore certified, meaning woods. Armstrong Commercial of one the Timberlinethey meet stringent indoor air quality Floors, Lancaster, Pa. collection’s four newrequirements. www.armstrong.com CIRCLE 211 shades of bamboo (left). Strand bamboo floor offers 30-year warranty The strand bamboo flooring from areas such as stairs. S&W claims S&W International Group, a manu- to be the only company that offers facturer and installer of bamboo decorative items such as medal- flooring, offers a floor that is twice lions, inlays, borders, baseboards, as hard as red oak and 80 percent stair treads, and flush floor vents harder than hard maple. A quick- in bamboo. Two colors of bamboo growing grass, bamboo takes just flooring, along with medallions, five to six years to grow, rather inlays, and borders, were used onFloors that replicate metal, concrete, leather than at least 25 years needed to the stairs shown below. S&W grow a tree. International Group, Elk Grove, Ill.Innovision Flooring’s Artwalk vinyl leather color combinations offer S&W offers three types of www.sw-intl.com CIRCLE 213sheet flooring features metal specifiers a broad selection. In bamboo flooring: traditional, strandeffects that replicate the look of addition to Artwalk, Innovision woven, and click-on glueless.stainless steel and metallic paint, offers five other flooring collections: Traditional and glueless bamboorealistic textured leathers, and Naturelife heterogeneous sheet flooring each feature a 20-yearconcrete visuals for a range of flooring, Deco Stone/Wood vinyl tile warranty, while strand-woven bam-commercial interiors including flooring, Neovia vinyl tile flooring, boo offers a 30-year warranty.retail, education, government, and and Static Pulse ESD (electrostatic Bamboo is available in two colors:hospitality installations. Available discharge) flooring. Innovision natural, which is similar to maple,in 79 x 49 size, with gauges of Flooring, Kenilworth, N.J. and coffee, which is a darker color.126 (metal collection) and .087 www.lgflooring.com CIRCLE 212 created with a high-temperature,(leather and concrete collections), high-pressure treatment.the collection’s 12 contemporary The collection includes concrete Bamboo’s durability makes itmetal visuals and 16 concrete and (left) and metal (right) visuals. a good floor surface for high-trafficFor more information, circle item numbers on Reader Service Card or go to www.archrecord.com, under Products, then Reader Service. 02.06 Architectural Record 173
Products Ǡ Sound-deadening laminate ﬂoor Sonic Floor is a new sound-Flooring: Wood, Resilient &Concrete deadening laminate flooring from Kronopol. Beneath the top surface, Sonic Floor is equipped with an integral underpad made of felt and rubber. Independently field- tested on concrete using ASTM methods for sound- reduction rating, the floor was found to significantly diminish impact noise. The laminate is made with wood from FSC-certified forests, and emits a very low amount of VOC and formaldehyde emissions. Kronopol Laminate Flooring, Ontario. www.kronopol.com CIRCLE 215į Terrazzolike solid vinyl tileMilano and Milano SR solid vinyl tile from Azrock offers an upscale look while providinga slip-resistant option that is easier to maintain while using less water and chemicals.Ideal for heavy-use areas such as school foyers, hotel lobbies, and retail chain stores,the flooring costs less than luxury vinyl tile and terrazzo products and requires only drybuffing, making it easy to maintain. Available in a wide range of colors, as well as slip-resistant options, Milano replicates the look of terrazzo with multidimensional chipsthat give it depth. Tarkett Commercial, Houston. www.tarkett.com CIRCLE 214Ǡ Three ways to safetyAvailable in three finishes, Altro’snew Imprint safety flooring collectionis ideal for high-traffic public areassuch as receptions, corridors, and į Luxe vinyl tile collectioncafés. Inspired by the texture of Mannington Commercial’s new Luxury Vinyl Tile collection, Nature’s Paths, is asnakeskin, Altro Imprint Cobra fea- collection of wood and other natural surface visuals. A tough urethane topcoattures a shimmering textured pattern. ensures superior stain-resistance as well as lower maintenance. A proprietaryAltro Imprint Tectonic incorporates process, NatureForm Optix, combines the latest advances in imaging, texturing,the pure form of a circle overlaying and finishing to create authentic wood- and stone-textured resilient products.the larger pattern, while Imprint Pico Mannington Commercial, Calhoun, Ga. www.mannington.com CIRCLE 216features small, randomly spacedshapes. Altro, Mississauga, Ontario.www.altrofloors.com CIRCLE 217 ǡ Widest color range Preverco has introduced four new stains for its yellow birch hard-Ĭ Monolithic concrete tile options wood floors—Cognac, Bourbon,Maxx Architectural Concrete is integrally colored monolithic tile ideal for commercial Toffee, and Java—in addition toenvironments. Sixteen vibrant colors are available in a range of thicknesses, sizes, and its eight original colors. According shapes, including square, to the manufacturer, this is the rectangular, and “trape- widest variety of colors for yellow zium”-shaped tile (shown birch in the North American hard- on wall), which offers new wood flooring industry. A versatile compositional choices for species of wood that presents an wall and floor applications. alternative to red birch and red oak Tiles come in smooth or hardwood, Preverco’s yellow birch textured finishes. has a similar hardness level to red Architectural Systems, New oak. Preverco Hardwood Flooring, York City. www.archsys- Quebec. www.preverco.com tems.com CIRCLE 218 CIRCLE 219174 Architectural Record 02.06 For more information, circle item numbers on Reader Service Card or go to www.archrecord.com, under Products, then Reader Service.
WinGuard® Impact-Resistant Windows and Doors spell the end of plywood. The end of unsightly shutters and brackets, too.WinGuard maintains the look of your design, and even enhances it with a wide variety of custom shapes and sizes. But as beautiful as these windows and doors are, theyre also tough. WinGuard protects against strong winds and flying debris, meeting the strictest hurricane code requirements in the nation. In fact, even after the extraordinary 2004 hurricane season, with over one million units installed, WinGuard had zero reported impact failures. To learn more, visit Architect View at www.NoMorePlywood.com or call 1-877-WINGUARD CIRCLE 71 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
Product BriefsĬ Leggy table collectionFantoni’s Leg collection combines chromed- or satin-finished frames with tops in wood,colored glass, or melamine. The design features a tubular steel frame with a centralbeam available in polished chrome or a satin-finished nickel color. The unusual legshapes run into rounded feet that offer stability. The 1⁄2-thick glass tops come in sixcolors; the melamine-finished tops imitate the appearance of honey maple, ice maple,or wenge; and the veneer-finished tops come in birch, red cherry, or sepia cherry for awarmer look. Luminaire Contract, Miami. www.luminaire.com CIRCLE 220 Product of the Month Cabrio Balcony Roof Window Velux offers a balcony roof window that brings light and air into attics or above-garage bonus rooms. The GDL Cabrio balcony roof window features an exclusive dual-sash operation: The top sash opens for maximum ventilation and also pivots completely inward for easy glass cleaning from inside the room, while the bottom sash opens outward, creating a roof bal- cony. When the balcony roof window is closed, a ventilation flap allows fresh air circulation for heat-collecting upper areas of the home, and floor-to-ceil- ing low-E laminated glass brings daylight into the space. Designed for installation in roof pitches from 35 to 53 degrees, the balcony window canǠ Handy desk accessory been installed for less than the cost of traditional dormers. Optional insectDokuMount helps engineers, archi- screens and sunscreen accessories are available, including manual light-tects, and industrial designers block shades, venetian blinds, pleated shades, and roller shades. Veluxliberate their workspace from over- America, Greenwood, S.C. www.veluxusa.com CIRCLE 221size blueprints and drawings. Designedin conjunction with an ergonomist,DokuMount’s floating radial arm sus-pends large documents above the Ĭ Get pulled in this directiondesk and incorporates a mechanism Idaho-based Rocky Mountain Hardware manufactures high-quality, solid bronzethat grasps and releases up to 15 architectural hardware for doors, cabinets, baths, and kitchens in upscale resorts,sheets of paper without clips. The rotat- restaurants, hotels, corporate offices, and residences. Each Rocky Mountain hardwareable and transparent holder comes in 18 x 24 or 22 piece can be custom madex 34 sizes and six mounting options. Innovative Office to replicate a specialProducts, Easton, Pa. www.lcdarms.com CIRCLE 222 architectural detail of a project, a favorite icon, or a company logo. InspiredĬ Wings of security by the organic texture andSmarter Security Systems introduces the new Fastlane GlassWing speedgate that strength of rope, the solidcombines speed, accuracy, and tailgater detection with glass barriers that recess bronze Lariat Pull featuresinto the pedestals for authorized personnel. Every Fastlane unit has a microproces- numerous hand-applied sor that is programmed patinas (bronze patina with advanced neural net- shown) that mature over work algorithms that allows time to a rich hue. Lariat the system to catch intrud- Pulls are available in 7, ers trying to sneak into a 10, and 16 lengths, in building while ignoring most Silicon or White Bronze, nonhuman objects, such and with seven patina as briefcases, umbrellas, or options. Rocky Mountain other items that trigger Hardware, Hailey, Idaho. alarms in competing sys- www.rockymountainhard- tems. Smarter Security ware.com CIRCLE 224 Systems, Austin, Tex. www.smartersecurity.com CIRCLE 223For more information, circle item numbers on Reader Service Card or go to www.archrecord.com, under Products, then Reader Service. 02.06 Architectural Record 177
Product Briefs ǡ Breaking the mold of brick veneer Introduced at last month’s International Builder’s Show in Orlando, Eldorado Stone’s new line of brick veneer product is handcrafted using precise molds of authentic European International Trade Fair bricks specifically selected for their shape, texture, and color, for Architecture and Technology then finished by hand and tinted by highly trained artisans. Four profiles and 14 colors are currently available, including RomaBrick, a longer profile that is irregular in shape and can vary from 9 to 10 long. The brick shown here is in Bracciano, a warm color blend of subtle reds and burnt blacks, creating an Old World look and feel. A range of accents and accessories has also been added. Eldorado Stone, San Marcos, Calif. www.eldoradostone.com CIRCLE 225 > Lighting Ǡ Glass door system In the international Shown here in a Manhattan auto dealership, the Manet Compact system by Dorma Glas can be used on 3⁄8 and 1⁄2 spotlight. sliding and pivoting tempered glass doors. It features stainless-steel fixtures and components to render a clean, Modern aesthetic for corporate offices, meeting facilities, and other applications. Components that attach directly to Frankfurt am Main offers the the glass surface feature strong, flush-fitting, single-point ideal backdrop for lighting in fixings that deliver an uncluttered appearance and safely transfer all forces acting on the glass to the load-bearing all its facets. Light + Building, structure. The door system features an unconventionally the world’s largest lighting fair, designed visible center pivot that extends the entire length showcases the complete global of the door. For sliding doors, the system offers sliding door rollers that hang from sliding track tubes, guide rails, clamp market, including technical fixings for the track tube, door handles, and locks. Dorma lighting, lamps and compo- Group N.A., Reamstown, Pa. www.dorma.com/usa CIRCLE 226 nents, and decorative lights for the components and decora- tive sectors. Come and meet the market leaders. The Lighting section at Light+Building 2006 is bigger than ever before. Welcome to Frankfurt, the lighting capital of Europe. Messe Frankfurt, Inc. Phone 770.984.8016 Fax 770.984.8023 firstname.lastname@example.org www.light-building.messefrankfurt.com į Racier raceway system Wiremold/Legrand has introduced the next generation of perimeter metal raceway for wire and cable management. Frankfurt am Main Designer Series 4000 steel raceway features a streamlined curved surface and a wider selection of colors. The April 23 – 27, 2006 raceway has also been designed to minimize the visual impact of plugged-in wires and cables through an optional downward-facing configuration for receptacles and data jacks. Ideal for educational buildings and offices, the new raceway is available in standard designer colors, including ivory, gray, black, and bronze. Wiremold/Legrand, West Hartford, Conn. www.wiremold.com CIRCLE 227 For more information, circle item numbers on Reader Service Card or go to www.archrecord.com, under Products, then Reader Service. CIRCLE 72 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GOTO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
ǡĬ Opening the door for young designers Brandi Berryman and Amanda Hardaway, two architecture students from the University of Kentucky at Lexington, each won a $2,000 scholarship and a trip to last month’s International Builder’s Show as part of Jeld-Wen’s first Student Door Design Contest. Jeld-Wen invited students from around the nation to submit their designs last fall, and along with a jury of design pro- fessionals (including a representative from RECORD), selected three schol- arship winners. Berryman designed her door with the idea of luck in mind and the visual of crossed fin- gers (near left), while Hardaway’s love of architecture inspired her Art Deco motif design (far left). Jonathan Tucker, an architecture student at the University of Colorado at Boulder, received a first place scholarship of $2,000 for his double-door design. Jeld-Wen, Klamath Falls, Ore. www.jeld-wen.com CIRCLE 228Ǡ A step toward the otherside of the looking glassRubinetterie Ritmonio’s latest collec-tion, Bianconiglio (“White Rabbit”), wasinspired by the idea of looking throughthe other side of the looking glass.Designed by Davide Vercelli, the systemnot only features a new tap design, buta new system of managing water in thehome. Bianconiglio places a box insidethe wall to regulate the temperature,which is controlled by a thermostatsensor found on a tactile interface. Onthe plane, a grid of optical sensors determines 40 points with different delivery and temperature conditions, individualizedby luminous dots. The control surface can be placed independently near the fitting or integrated into the surface of amirror, and is turned on by a touch of the finger. The manufacturer hopes the system will help users monitor their wateruse, and in turn, take steps toward conservation. Lacava, Chicago. www.lacava.com CIRCLE 229Ĭ Building a strong foundationLast September, concrete producer Prairie Material Sales, along with chemical admixture supplier DegussaAdmixtures, collaboratively designed a Rheodynamic Self-Consolidating Concrete (SCC) mix that would be used for the concrete foundation of the Trump International Hotel and Tower superstructure in Chicago, making it the largest single SCC pour in North America to date— more than 30 ready-mix trucks from Prairie Material Sales made 600 trips to the Trump Tower site. SCC has a strength of 10,000 psi produced on a continual basis. Expected to be completed in 2009, the building will be 92 stories high and consist of more than 2.6 million gross square feet of building area and more than 180,000 yards of concrete. Degussa Admixtures, Cleveland. www.degussa.com CIRCLE 230For more information, circle item numbers on Reader Service Card or go towww.archrecord.com, under Products, then Reader Service. CIRCLE 73 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
Product BriefsĬ Colorful laminationsBold use of color dominated the entries for the 2005 Solutia International DesignAwards, which honor excellence in designing with laminated glass. The architecturewinners include the Woermann Tower (left), a mixed-use retail and residential centerin Gran Canaria, Spain, that features hues of yellow Vanceva interlayers used through-out the facade to provide safety, security, and wind-resistance, and La Casa de Mamá (right), a children’s center in Guadalajara, Spain, surrounded by brilliant blue, green, red, pink, yellow, and orange Vanceva color interlayers. Solutia, St. Louis. www.solutia.com CIRCLE 231 į Contemporary African furnishings Launched at the 2004 Architectural Home Design Show in New York City, Berchuma is a signature furniture line created by Jomo Design. Founded by Jomu Tariku and Henock Kebede, the collection’s name is an Ethiopian word for stool or small chair, and in fact, the line includes a series of stools and small chairs inspired by African furniture design and art. Intended to fill the gap in a marketplace full of Continental European, Classic American, Asian, and Scandinavian designs, the traditional feel of the product line bears a contemporary touch through different methods of crafts- manship. Current designs include the Birth chair (left) made of Ebonized Cherry, and the Duka stool (right), made of Baltic Birch and aluminum, both designed by Adiskidan Ambaye. Berchuma, Alexandria, Va. www.berchuma.com CIRCLE 232 For more information, circle item numbers on Reader Service Card or go to www.archrecord.com, under Products, then Reader Service. American Institute of Architecture Students The design studio lies at the core of architectural of education, has recently made remarkable progress. education. The experiences, habits and patterns found In coordination with our partners (AIA, ACSA, NAAB within the studio make up what we have termed, “studio and NCARB), accredited schools are now expected to culture.” Design studio teaches critical thinking and demonstrate a positive and respectful learning environ- creates an environment where students are taught to ment through the encouragement of the fundamental question all things in order to create better designs. values of optimism, respect, sharing, engagement and The experience of a design studio has also driven innovation between and among the members of its away good people or genuinely and unnecessarily faculty, student body, administration and staff. Nine insulted many in the formal process of learning. The other initiatives are also being implemented that will AIAS believes we can improve the way students are create additional positive changes. educated which will lead to better designers. Educators and professionals are encouraged to partner The efforts of the AIAS to have the entire profession with schools on this issue to ensure they graduate well- of architecture think critically about the studio model rounded, prepared and talented emerging professionals. Visit www.aias.org/studioculture to learn more. STUDIO CULTURE RESPECT. INNOVATION. SHARING. The AIAS is an independent, non-proﬁt, and student-governed organization that is the sole ofﬁcial student voice in the profession. 50 YEARS OF LEADERSHIP: CONNECTING. INTEGRATING. UNITING.
There’s an ocean of flooring choices, and then there’s TERRAZZOTerrazzo’s durability, low-maintenance, and excellent lifecyclecosts make it a well-grounded flooring solution—and theinfinite color palette and design possibilities will let yourimagination set sail! Contact us at: 1.800.323.9736 or visit us at: WWW.NTMA.COMJob Name: Jacksonville International Airport Location: Jacksonville, Florida TerrazzoArchitect: Reynolds, Smith & Hill Photographer: David Laudadio A PERFORMING ART CIRCLE 74 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
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Good Designis Good Business. The editors of BusinessWeek and Architectural Record invite you to enter 2006 BusinessWeek/Architectural Record Awards Good design is good for business.That’s why this distinguished award recognizes and rewards exceptionally designed work that makes a significantcontribution to the business aspirations of a given company or institution – backed by measurable business results. 2006 Award recipients will be featured in theNovember 2006 issues of BusinessWeek and Architectural Record magazines, read by over 5 million business and design professionals. For more information and an entry form, go to http://archrecord.construction.com/features/bwarAwards/ Entries must be postmarked no later than May 15, 2006.
Dates & EventsNew & Upcoming Call 46 0 8 587-270-00 or visitExhibitions www.arkitekturmuseet.se.Dream Machines:The Inventions of R.G. MarteletChicago On-Site: New Architecture in SpainFebruary 3–March 25, 2006 New York CityIn the 1960s, Ron Martelet was one of the February 12–May 1, 2006greatest product designers at Sears, Roebuck Featuring 53 noteworthy architectural projects,and Company, where his futuristic designs were this exhibition focuses on the most recent archi-created with the potential of being realized. His tectural developments in a country that hasdesigns for snowmobiles, jet skis, golf carts, become known in recent years as an importantand power boats will be featured in a special center of international design experimentationexhibition and sale. At ArchiTech Gallery of and excellence. At the Museum of Modern Art.Architectural Art. Call 312/475-1290 or visit Call 212/708-9431 or visit www.moma.org.www.architechgallery.com. Architectural ArtBarns of Western Pennsylvania AtlantaPittsburgh February 13–March 30, 2006February 4–May 28, 2006 Presented by the Foundation for CommunityDespite rampant suburban sprawl in Western Arts, exhibitors include Kenneth von Roenn,Pennsylvania, 29 of the 33 counties in this half of Walter Gordinier, Seranda Vespermann, Susanthe state are classified as rural, and agriculture McCracken, Arthur Stern, Christian Culver,remains a leading industry. Barns are thus an Chrisitina Lihan, Katherine Linn, AIA Georgia’simportant component of this region’s landscape, Best of 2005. Also on view is a niche exhibitionas well as extremely evocative icons in the popu- of the art of landscape design. At Mercerlar mind. This exhibition traces the development University Brown Art Gallery. Call 678/547-6280.of barns in the region from the late 18th centuryto the present through an exploration of theirforms, functions, technological evolution, and role Prairie Skyscraperas barometers of change in the agrarian econ- New Havenomy. At the Heinz Architectural Center. Call February 13–May 5, 2006412/622.3131 or visit www.cmoa.org. A traveling exhibition showcasing Frank Lloyd Wright’s only skyscraper, Price Tower. Now cele- brating its 50th year, the 19-story building inBruno Mathsson: Designer and Bartlesville, Oklahoma, was an exemplar of oneArchitect of Wright’s ideals: a single structure incorporat-Stockholm ing residential, commercial, and public spaces.February 9–August 27, 2006 Today, the building serves as a museum of mod-Bruno Mathsson (1907–88) developed ern art, design, and architecture, housing a hotelModernism in furniture design and architecture, and restaurant as well as gallery spaces. Theaddressing both general and special problems in installation for this exhibition was designed bythe design of furniture, interiors, and buildings. celebrated architect Zaha Hadid. At the YaleThis exhibition focuses on his well-known furni- School of Architecture. Call 203/432-2288 orture designs as well as his lesser-known visit www.architecture.yale.eduarchitectural endeavors, which include a largenumber of single-family dwellings, terracehouses, schools, factories, and exhibition gal- Frank Gehry: Art + Architectureleries. At the Swedish Museum of Architecture. Ontario, Canada CIRCLE 81 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
Dates &EventsFebruary 18–May 7, 2006Best known for building curvaceous structures Ongoing Exhibitionsoften covered with titanium, Canadian-born Santiago Calatrava:Gehry has completed the design phase of the Sculpture into ArchitectureArt Gallery of Ontario (AGO) expansion, his first New York Cityproject in Canada. The exhibition features draw- Through March 5, 2006ings, models, and site photographs of four of Many forms of Calatrava’s celebrated buildingsGehry’s projects from the past decade. Along originated in his independent works of art.with working models generated through the This exhibition showcases his sculptures indesign of the AGO’s expansion project, the marble and bronze, as well as drawings,show will explore the impact of Gehry’s buildings and architectural models, including workon the surrounding communities. At the Art related to the new transportation hub he hasGallery of Ontario. Call 416/979-6656 or visit designed for the World Trade Center site.www.ago.net. This is the first exhibition in the U.S. to feature such a large selection of Calatrava’s independ- ent work and to examine it in conjunctionGolconde: The Introduction of with his architecture. At the MetropolitanModernism in India Museum of Art. Call 212/535-7710 or visitChicago www.metmuseum.org.February 21–April 6, 2006Sited on the coastal edge of the Bay of Bengal,Golconde, a dormitory for the Sri Aurobindo The Fashion of Architecture:Ashram in Pondicherry, India, was designed by Constructing the Architecture ofarchitects George Nakashima and Antonin FashionRaymond. Completed in 1942, Golconde was New York Citythe first reinforced, cast-in-place concrete build- Through March 11, 2006ing in India and clearly celebrates the Modernist In this exhibition, visitors are encouraged tocredo: architecture as the manifest union of investigate the contemporary relationshipaesthetics, technology, and social reform. The between fashion and architecture. Studies inexhibition assembles construction drawings, the congruencies between these two dynamicarchitects’ letters and journals, and extensive disciplines will provide a framework for under-photographs of this extraordinary building. At standing current trends in visual culture. Thethe Graham Foundation. Call 312/787 4071 or Fashion of Architecture coincides with Fashionvisit www.grahamfoundation.org. Week and showcases projects by Yeohlee Teng, Hussein Chalayan, Shigeru Ban, and Zaha Hadid. At the Center for Architecture. Call 212-683-Extreme Porosity 0023 or visit www.aiany.org for moreLos Angeles information.February 27–March 24, 2006This exhibition features photographs, drawings, The HOME House Project:and models designed and fabricated at UCLA The Future of Affordable Housingby architecture and urban design students who Atlantaparticipated in a traveling seminar led by fac- Through March 28, 2006ulty member David Erdman. The studio went to A multiyear traveling initiative created by theIstanbul, examining mosques that reflect 15th- Southeastern Center for Contemporary Artand 16th-century innovations in the use of (SECCA) in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.minimal surfaces where extreme lightness, The first component of the project was aporosity, and geometry are evidenced. At UCLA national design competition and exhibitionDepartment of Architecture and Urban Design that showcased innovative solutions for sustain-Perloff Gallery. Call 310/825-2585 or visit able low-to-moderate-income family housingwww.aud.ucla.edu. proposed by more than 440 contest entrants
Dates &Eventsfrom around the world. At the Museum of Lecture: Greening the BuiltDesign Atlanta. Call 404/688-2467 or visit Environment in Response to Climatewww.museumofdesign.org for more information. Change Washington, D.C. February 9, 2006Chicago Architecture Foundation Tours The National Building Museum and the KoshlandChicago Science Museum (KSM) present a discussion byThrough March 2006 Tim Beatley, Teresa Heinz Professor ofLed by trained volunteer docents, these Sustainable Communities, University of Virginiaacclaimed tours explore the architecture of the (UVA), and Bruce Hayden, professor and chair,Chicagoland area via bus, boat, train, by walking, department of environmental sciences at UVA,or Segway. For descriptions of all tours, visit about green design concepts for homes andwww.architecture.org/tours. communities. They will examine the relationship of architecture and climate change, and specific GOOD DESIGNSymmetry design features that can diminish the potential impact of climate on the urban environment. At DOESN’T STOP ATLos AngelesThrough May 7, 2006 the National Building Museum. Call 202/272- 2448 or visit www.nbm.org. THE ROOFLINE.In the world of space and time, symmetryderives its meaning from a center, a repetition offorms on mirroring sides of an axis. This exhibi- Symposium: On-Site:tion features works by Los Angeles–based New Architecture in Spaincontemporary artists that use or relate to this New York Cityconcept. At the MAK Center for Art & February 10–11, 2006Architecture L.A., at the Schindler House. Call The Museum of Modern Art and Columbia323/651-1510 or visit www.makcenter.org. University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (GSAPP), cosponsor a two-day symposium to accompany the exhibi- A copper chimney pot by European Copper tion. Speakers include Terence Riley, the Philip will take your next project over the top.Lectures, Conferences, and Johnson chief curator of architecture and UL-listed and International Building CodeSymposia design, MoMA; Mark Wigley, dean of studies, Compliant, they are compatible with both masonry and steel fireplace systems.Yale School of Architecture GSAPP; ARCHITECTURAL RECORD contributing edi- Call today at 800-391-0014Spring Lecture Series tor David Cohn, and architects represented in for a dealer near you or visitNew Haven the exhibition. At Columbia University. For more www.jackarnold.com/chimney_pots.htmlFebruary 6–20, 2006 information about the symposium, visitOn February 6, U.K. architect Tony Fretton will www.moma.org/thinkmodern. For information F E AT U R E Sgive the Paul Rudolph Lecture, “Buildings and about reservations, visit www.arch.columbia.edutheir Territories.” On February 9, The Brendan – Fine stainless steel and copperGill Lecture will be given by Wendy Steiner. – UL Listed, IBC compliant, patentedHer talk is titled “What Is Aesthetic D.C. Builds: Extending Modernism in – For masonry or metal fireplacesConservatism?” On February 13, Amanda the Monumental City – Existing or new construction chimneysBurden, head of the New York City Planning Washington, D.C. – Withstands hurricanes, seismic shiftsCommission, will give the annual Eero February 13, 2006 – Keeps out pests and waterSaarinen Lecture, entitled “Shaping the City: Usually demonized as a failed 1960s urban – Improves draft, reduces sparkA Strategic Blueprint for New York’s Future.” renewal effort, Washington’s Southwest neigh- – Lightweight, easy to install On February 20, Norway-based architect Craig borhood has an unappreciated fabric of – Six styles availableDykers will talk about the unique work Modernist residential architecture. Last fall, the ethic and vision of his firm, Snøhetta. At Yale Anacostia Waterfront Corporation (AWC) spon-School of Architecture Art and Architecture sored a design studio at the Harvard GraduateBuilding. Call 203/432-2288, or visit School of Design to investigate the extensionwww.architecture.yale.edu and redefinition of this architectural legacy in CIRCLE 82 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
Dates &Events Architecture, Ohio State University will give individual presentations in honor and Industrial Lighting Cleveland of the architect and curator, followed February 22–24, 2006 by a screening of Merrill Brockway’s April 19–21, 2006rebuilding the Southwest Tomasetti founding principal, former 1965 film This Is Philip Johnson and a June 28–30, 2006Waterfront. Inspired by this studio cochairman, and now consultant, discussion. At the Museum of Modern Designed for newcomers to thework, a panel of leading architects and Richard L. Tomasetti, Hon. AIA, Art. Call 212/708-9400 or visit lighting industry, this conferencewill discuss the role of Modernism in chairman and founding principal, www.moma.org provides basic product and applica-a city largely characterized by mon- will explore the technical demands tion training for commercial andumental Classicism and historic involved in creating large, complex industrial lighting. This programpatterns of urbanism. At the buildings, including Petronas Philip Johnson and the contains lectures and full-scaleNational Building Museum. Call Towers, in Malaysia; Taipei 101 (cur- Constancy of Change lighting demonstrations that create202/272-2448 or visit rently the world’s tallest building), in New Haven an interesting, fast-paced, compre-www.nbm.org. Taiwan; Soldier Field, in Chicago; February 17–18, 2006 hensive lighting conference. Topics and the Modern Art Museum of The Museum of Modern Art and the include: lighting terminology; light- Fort Worth. At the National School of Architecture at Yale ing measurements and color; anLecture: Engineering Large- Building. Call 202/272-2448 or University cosponsor a symposium overview of major light-source fam-Scale Structures visit www.nbm.org. on the architect Philip Johnson ilies and systems; and applicationWashington, D.C. (1906–2005). Architects and schol- modules for retail, office, industrial,February 14, 2006 ars analyze Johnson’s work as an and outdoor lighting. At theFor three decades, Thornton- Philip Johnson: Portraits architect, teacher, and curator. At Lighting Institute. For more infor-Tomasetti Group has devised New York City Yale University. This symposium is mation, call 800/255-1200 or visitcreative engineering solutions for February 16, 2006 free, but reservations must be made www.gelighting.com.some of the world’s iconic struc- Terence Riley, the Philip Johnson chief by February 6. Call 203/432-2889.tures, from skyscrapers and curator of architecture and design,stadiums to museums and airports. MoMA, and Jeffrey Kipnis, professor of The Making of Modern NewCharles H. Thornton, Thornton- architecture, Knowlton School of Fundamentals of Commercial York: Puerto Rican Architects TURNING GREY CONCRETE GREEN These microscopic, glassy spheres are fly ash – and at Headwaters Resources, Inc. we sell millions of tons of them every year. Produced by burning coal at electric power plants, fly ash might be destined for disposal in a landfill. But when added to concrete, fly ash makes concrete easier to work with, stronger and more durable. Fly ash also improves the environmental performance of concrete. Mining and manufacturing of other raw materials can be reduced. Greenhouse gas emissions also decrease. In fact, using a ton of fly ash can save almost a ton of CO2 emissions from being introduced into the atmosphere. In addition to concrete, fly ash is used in mortars, stuccos and a variety of other building materials. That’s an improvement worth specifying. Formerly ISG Resources. Inc. Contact Headwaters Resources for free technical 3-form.com | 800.726.0126 literature and information on how fly ash use benefits the environment. 1.888.236.6236 www.flyash.com Member AIA/CES Registered Provider CIRCLE 83 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO CIRCLE 84 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/ TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
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Dates &Events wide range of topics with leading architects, engineers, designers, landmark neighborhood close to downtown Chicago that has experi- product developers, builders, enced economic hardship and manufacturers, policy makers, urban blight over the past 30 years.and Their Contributions to they could mitigate damage from planners, educators, utility Call 773/848-7368 or visitNew York future storms. A panel of landscape executives, and green marketers. www.chicagoarchitectureclub.org.New York City architects and planners will examine At Boston’s Seaport WorldFebruary 23, 2006 the role of these critical compo- Trade Center. VisitThe symposium features architects of nents in a healthy ecosystem and www.buildingenergy.nesea.org. BSA’s 2006 Research GrantsPuerto Rican heritage who practice discuss the vital need for restoration in Architecture Programin New York City. At Hunter College of the wetlands and other issues. Application Deadline: Februarymain auditorium. Call 212/772-5695 At the National Building Museum. 10, 2006or visit www.centropr.org. Call 202/272-2448 or visit Competitions Boston Society of Architects (BSA) www.nbm.org. 2006 Burnham Prize Design is offering $75,000 in research Competition grants to U.S. building industrySymposium: The Gulf Coast: Preregistration Deadline: professionals. Individuals andRestoring Wetlands and Building Energy Conference February 10, 2006 teams (architects, academics,Plant Life and Trade Show The Burnham Prize is an interna- designers, product developers, stu-Washington, D.C. Boston tional biennial design competition dents, etc.) in the national designFebruary 23, 2006 March 7–9, 2006 sponsored by the Chicago and construction industry seekingHurricanes Katrina and Rita not The Northeast’s premier Architectural Club, open to young support for an original researchonly destroyed countless buildings conference and trade show for architects and architectural gradu- project are encouraged to submitalong the Gulf Coast, but also killed renewable-energy and green-build- ates, to make an extended visit to applications. With a focus onplant life and devastated the already ing professionals and others eager the American Academy in Rome. design as research, this programcompromised coastal wetlands. The to learn about green-building tech- This year, the Burnham Prize is encourages inquiry not only intoloss of these natural elements is niques and products. Featuring seeking ideas regarding the neigh- specific research topics but alsodoubly tragic, because if still intact, in-depth workshops on a borhood of North Lawndale, a into how design itself constitutes 4,554 architects 2,236 interior designers 82,351 products 168,920 images your source for the best in building + design CIRCLE 85 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO CIRCLE 86 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/ TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
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Dates &Events A two-phase, open competition with the objective of honoring Dream House with HGTV Deadline: June 2006 Chicago’s commitment to High Noon Productions announces sustainability and community the continued production of theDeadline: March 15, 2006 or visit www.cement.org. development. The first phase HGTV series, Dream House, andEntries must be submitted in slide solicits design schemes for an seeks architects who are inter-format and may be in either color or outdoor community space. Visit ested in appearing on the show. Toblack-and-white format. Actively Edge as Center: Envisioning www.urban-space.org. be eligible, you must have brokenregistered architects in the U.S., the Post-Industrial ground by the first half of 2006members of AIA or AIAS are eligible Landscape and be willing to have camerato enter. The top 14 images will be Registration Deadline: March 31, 2006 Benjamin Moore HUE crews follow your home’s construc-on display at the AIA National 2006 Awards tion from start to finish. InterestedConvention in Los Angeles. For infor- The Boston Society of Architects Submissions Due: May 19, 2006 families, contractors, or architectsmation, call 314/621-3484 or visit (BSA) announced recently that the Presented by the Benjamin Moore may call 303/ 712-3184 or visitwww.aia-stlouis.org. city of Somerville, Massachusetts, company to honor architects and www.highnoonentertainment.com. will join with the BSA to hold an interior designers for exemplary international urban design ideas use of color in both residential10th Biennial Bridge Awards competition for the industrial and contract projects, the awardsCompetition Brickbottom area in East Somerville. recognize design professionalsDeadline: March 31, 2006 A competition prize fund of $35,000 who incorporate color in innovativePortland Cement Association (PCA) will be awarded to the top three and imaginative ways—throughis seeking nominations for its 10th entrants. For details, visit the use of interior and exteriorbiennial Bridge Awards Competition. www.architects.org/somerville. paints, building materials, textiles E-mail event and competitionAll types of bridges in which and other surfaces, plus design information two months before the basic structural system is elements and furnishings. Call event or submission deadline to concrete—highway, railway, pedes- Urban-Open 212/966-3759, x 233 or visit elisabeth_broome@mcgraw-trian—are eligible. Call 847/972-9100 Deadline: April 15, 2006 www.benjaminmoore.com. hill.com. American Institute of Architecture Students Life safety, dignity and comfort are the foundation Through its 130 chapters, the AIAS is implementing of and the reason for Freedom by Design™. Freedom by a program that involves students resolving accessibility Design is an AIAS-led program that utilizes the talents issues, and simultaneously provides the students with of architecture students in service to their communities the “real world” experience of working with a client, by helping individuals with physical challenges. Minor mentorship from a local architect, and an understanding modiﬁcations to the homes allow individuals to live of the practical impact of architecture and design. safely, comfortably and with dignity by addressing their You are invited to get involved. The AIAS is seeking struggle with everyday tasks such as getting in and out of mentors and supporters to help us grow this important showers, ascending stairs, or egress to the home itself. program. Please help us help others. To learn more, visit www.aias.org/freedom. FREEDOM BY DESIGN ™ SAFETY. DIGNITY. COMFORT. The AIAS is an independent, non-proﬁt, and student-governed organization that is the sole ofﬁcial student voice in the profession. 50 YEARS OF LEADERSHIP: CONNECTING. INTEGRATING. UNITING.
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A I A/ARCH ITECTURAL RECOR D CONT INU ING EDUCAT ION Program title: “New Technologies Create New Challenges,” Architectural Record (02/06, page 129). 026EDIT1 AIA/CES Credit: This article will earn you one AIA/CES LU hour of health, safety, and welfare credit. (Valid for credit through February 2008.) Directions: Select one answer for each question in the exam and completely circle appropriate letter. A minimum score of 70% is required to earn credit. Take this test online at http://archrecord.construction.com/continuinged/default.asp 1. a b c d 6. a b c d 2. a b c d 7. a b c d 3. a b c d 8. a b c d 4. a b c d 9. a b c d 5. a b c d 10. a b c d Last Name First Name Middle Initial or Name Firm Name Address City State Zip Tel. Fax E-mail AIA ID Number Completion date (M/D/Y): Check one: ❏$10 Payment enclosed. (Make check payable to Architectural Record and mail to: Architectural Record/Continuing Education Certificate, PO Box 682, Hightstown, NJ 08520-0682.) For customer service, call 877/876-8093. Charge my: ❏ Visa ❏ Mastercard ❏ American Express Card# Signature Exp. Date Check below: ❏ To register for AIA/CES credits: Answer the test questions and send the completed form with questions answered to above address, or fax to 609/426-5592. ❏ For certiﬁcate of completion: As required by certain states, answer test questions, fill out form above, and mail to above address, or fax to 609/426-5592. Your test will be scored. Those who pass with a score of 70% or higher will receive a certificate of completion. Material resources used: Article: This article addresses issues concerning health and safety. I hereby certify that the above information is true and accurate to the best of my knowledge and that I have complied with the AIA Continuing Education Guidelines for the reported period. Signature Date Contact Us for a Free Catalog!1010 East 62nd Street, Los Angeles, CA 90001-1598 p: 1-800-624-5269 • f: 1-800-624-5299 CIRCLE 90 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO CIRCLE 91 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/ TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
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TO YOU, A CANVAS. Because there’s so much more that goes into specifying a construction product, there’s so much more going into the McGraw-Hill Construction Network for products coming in 2006. Built on McGraw-Hill Construction Sweets’ 100-year history of connecting you to product information and intelligence, it’s designed to help you search, specify and document products with more convenience and confidence than ever before. Deeper content. Wider choices. Faster searches. Higher productivity. Projects. Applications. Green products. Trends. Ideas. A better online specification experience than any single product web site or search engine listing can deliver alone. At your fingertips. One connecting point. So you can get what you need to realize your vision. Win a Trip to Venice or a Digital Camera Go to products.construction.com and take our online demo. While you are there, enter to win a trip for two to see Venice at its best during the 2006 bi-annual architectural event and our monthly digital camera giveaways. (No purchase necessary. See website for official contest rules.) Go to products.construction.com NO PURCHASE NECESSARY. A PURCHASE WILL NOT IMPROVE YOUR CHANCES OF WINNING. TO ENTER: go to products.construction.com and fill in the drawing entry form. One entry per person per day. There will be 1 Grand Prize trip for 2 to the 2006 Venice Biennale awarded. Entries for the Venice Biennale trip must be received after November 8, 2005 and no later than July 14, 2006. The Venice Biennale Grand prize winner will be selected on July 15, 2006. The Venice Biennale trip must be taken between September 15, 2006 to November 30, 2006. Approx. retail value of trip: $10,000. Monthly drawings will be held for Sony Cyber-shot digital cameras. Entries for the monthly camera drawings must be received after November 8, 2005 and no later than December 30, 2006. There will be 14 prizes awarded. Camera drawings will take place on the 30th of each month beginning November 8, 2005 and ending December 30, 2006. Approximate retail value of prize: $350 per camera. Total Award Retail value: $15,000. Employees of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. and their immediate family members and their advertising agencies are not eligible. All federal, state and/or local regulations apply. Void where prohibited by law. MCGH reserves the right to substitute a prize of equal or comparable value if any prize becomes unavailable. For the complete official rules, contact Deborah Smikle-Davis, Director of Marketing Communications, McGraw-Hill Construction, 2 Penn Plaza, 9th floor, NY, NY 10121-2298 or visit www.products.construction.com. MARNP61
TO ADVERTISE: Contact Diane SoisterT: (212) 904-2021 / F: (212) 904-2074Diane_Soister@McGraw-Hill.com CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING POS ITIONS AVAILABLE . PRINCIPAL OR ASSOCIATE PRINCIPAL HEALTHCARE ARCHITECTURE Christner, Inc., a St. Louis-based, award-winning healthcare architecture firm, seeks an individual with an established reputation to join their staff as a Principal or Associate Principal. The ideal candidate for this position will be a proven thought-leader. A record of leading-edge publications and/or confer- ence presentations a plus. Should possess the ability to direct ideas and people within a collaborative environment. A Master’s of Architecture degree or ACHA certification highly preferred. Interested can- didates should apply to: Mark Prosperi, Senior Consultant, Cejka Search at 800-678-7858, x63490; fax 314-863-3631; e-mail mprosperi@cejkasearch. com; www.cejkasearch.com. ID#25123A96. ARCHITECTS - ALL LEVELS / ALL SPECIALTIES JR Walters Resources, Inc. specializing in the placement of technical professionals in the A&E field. Openings nationwide. Address: P.O. Box 617, St. Joseph, MI 49085 Tel: 269-925-3940 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Visit our web site at www. jrwalters.com BUS INESS OPPORTUN ITY CONFIDENTIAL CLEARINGHOUSE FOR MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS Strogoff Consulting offers confidential introductions between prospective buyers and sellers. As a strategic advisor to firms throughout the U.S., Michael Strogoff, AIA, has an extensive network of contacts and an insider’s knowledge of the architectural industry. Firms are introduced to each other only if there is a strong strategic and cultural fit. Contact Michael Strogoff, AIA, at 866.272.4364 or visit www.StrogoffConsulting.com. All discussions held in SENIOR ARCHITECTURAL DESIGNER the strictest confidence. ATLANTA, GA Analysis, design and implementation of architectural plans for high-end exterior and interior residential environments incorporating residential construction methods and techniques. Responsible for hand drawing and sketching custom plans, elevations, sec- Did tions and details, including rendering of color and black and white perspectives. Will utilize AutoCAD you to prepare specifications for standard elements of projects, such as plumbing and electrical layout. know... Participate in construction estimation and coordi- nation of project to ensure custom plan and design objectives are met. Must have a Bachelor’s degree or t h a t yo u c a n re c e ive c o n t i n u i n g foreign degree equivalent in Architecture, Environ- e d u c a t i o n c re d i t s b y re a d i n g mental Design or a related field plus 3 years of experience in the job offered or 3 years of experience in an architectural design position with same duties as the job offered. Experience may have been obtained concurrently and must include 3 years of experience with AutoCAD. Must present acceptable residential architectural design portfolio, which See the table of contents for details. includes hand sketches and AutoCAD design. Must have legal authority to work in U.S. Resume to: C. Hayes, Harrison Design Associates, (Ref: SAD) 3198 Cains Hill Place, NW, Atlanta, GA 30305 DRAFTER, SENIOR Needed for architectural co., Paso Robles, CA. Under direct supervision of licensed Architect, completes working/presentation drawings, design sketches, dia- archrecord.construction.com grams, schedules & computer drafted documents. Drafts arch. plans, interior & exterior, organize lay- out, schematics etc. Computer use, CAD, various arch. design tool programs. F/T. Fax resume to: Phillips Metsch Sweeney Moore Architects 805-227- 0712 EOE.208 Architectural Record 02.06
Great gifts for great tastes. The AIA Store is your comprehensive source for professional books, CDs, DVDs, notecards, gifts, AIA logo items, and much more. Visit the AIA Store to find a diverse collection that covers a wide range of subjects and interests. www.aia.org/store 800-242-3837 A. Gehry Draws, edited by Mark RappoltA. D. and Robert Violette. The drawings, illustrations, and text in Gehry Draws definitively place drawing at the heart of Frank Gehry’s creative process. Member price: $45.00 B. The Caffe Macchiato glass, suitable for hot or cold beverages, is also dishwasher safe. Member price: $16.20 C. Call of the Mall, by Paco Underhill. A most amusing and unique view of the mall culture. A fascinating look at its customers, retailers, and mall developers. E. Member price: $22.45 D. Zinc magnets by GeoMagnetic Shapes. These simple and elegant super-strong magnets will fit into any environment.B. Member price: $12.56 E. Mississippi Floods: Designing a Shifting Landscape, by Anuradha Mathur and Dilip da Cunha. The design of the Mississippi and how it should proceed has long been a subject of controversy. What is missing from the discussion, say the authors of this extraordinary book, is an understanding of the representations of the Mississippi River. Member price: $40.50C. Visit us at booth #1379 for the AIA 2006 National Convention and Design Exposition, June 8–10 at the Los Angeles Convention Center. Enjoy author book signings, special convention discounts, drawings, and more.Visit our Web site at www.aia.org/store or call 800-242-3837 (option 4) to place an order.
ADVERTISERS INDEX Bold: Indicates Page Number. Italic: Indicates Reader Service Number. Y: Indicates Sweets Marketplace Participation192 83 3form 197 89 Y CR Laurence Co Inc 4 3 Y landscapeforms 3-form.com crlaurence.com landscapeforms.com10-11 Adobe 106 43 Y Custom Building Products 145 57 Leviev Boymelgreen adobe.com custombuildingproducts.com levievboymelgreen.com182 76 Advance Lifts 166 65 Delray Lighting Incorporated 169 66 LightingUniverse.com advancelifts.com delraylighting.com lightinguniverse.com196, 209 AIA 193 86 Design Guide 27 14 Lucifer Lighting Company aia.org designguide.com luciferlighting.com170, 180 AIA 142 54 Doug Mockett & Company Inc 68 41 Y Lumber Liquidators aia.org mockett.com lumberliquidators.com24 13 Y Alcan Composites USA Inc 199 93 Doug Mockett & Company Inc 135 49 Y Lutron alucobond.com* mockett.com lutron.com46 29 Y Alcoa Architectural Products 138 51 Y DuPont Corian 194 87 Maple Flooring Manufacturers Assn alcoacladdingsystems.com corian.com maplefloor.org58 37 Y AltusGroup 51 33 Y DuPont Tyvek 6-7 5 Marvin Windows & Doors altusprecast.com tyvek.com marvin.com144 American Architectural Foundation, The 16 10 Y EFCO Corporation 145, 176 McGraw-Hill Construction archfoundation.org efcocorp.com construction.com141 53 Amtico Company 151 59 Ellington 206-207 McGraw-Hill Construction stratica.com ellingtonfans.com construction.com199 94 Arakawa Hanging Systems 36,37 21, 22 Y Ellison Bronze 183, 211 McGraw-Hill Construction arakawagrip.com ellison-bronze.com construction.com14 NO Architectural Record 40 25 Emilio Ambasz 178 72 Messe Frankfurt archrecord.construction.com casaderetiroespiritual.com messefrankfurt.comcov2-1 1 Armstrong 185 78 Modern Fan Co, The 164 63 Finelite armstrong.com modernfan.com finelite.com39 24 B-K Lighting 38 23 Y Fypon 52 34 Y Mortar Net bklighting.com mortarnet.com fypon.com57 149 BEGA 182 75 Mountain Lumber 158-159 61 Gardco Lighting bega-us.com sitelighting.com mountainlumber.com195 88 Y Belden Brick Company, The beldenbrick.com 189 81 Hampstead Lighting 18 11 Y National Gypsum Company hampsteadlighting.com nationalgypsum.com190 BNi Building News bnibooks.com cov-4 98 Y Haworth 181 74 Y National Terrazzo & Mosaic Assn haworth.com ntma.com41 26 Y Bobrick bobrick.com 192 84 Headwaters Resources 2-3 2 Y PCI/Precast/Prestressed Concrete Inst flyash.com pci.org12 8 Y BR 111 BR111.com 66 39 Y High Concrete Structures Inc 32, 33 17, 18 Y Pella Windows & Doors highconcrete.com pella.com140 52 Y Bradley Corporation bradleycorp.com 20-21 145 Y Hunter Douglas Contract cov-3 97 Y Petersen Aluminum hunterdouglas.com pac-clad.com188 Business Week/Arch Record Awards archrecord.construction.com/fe 184 77 HY-Lite 176 71 Y PGT Industries atures/bwarAwards hy-lite.com pgtindustries.com171 68 Y Cambridge Architectural Mesh 48 30 International Code Council 108 45 Portland Cement Association architecturalmesh.com iccsafe.org cement.org199 95 Cascade Coil Drapery 193 85 Y Invisible Structures Inc 8-9 6 Y PPG cascadecoil.com invisiblestructures.com ppgideascapes.com127 46 CEDIA 143 56 Y IR - Schlage 163 62 Prescolite cedia.org schalge.con prescolite.com199 92 Centaur Floor Systems 191 82 Jack Arnold Architect 146 58 Prudential Lighting centaurfloors.cm jackarnold.com prulite.com49 31 Y CENTRIA Architectural Systems 175 70 Y Johnsonite 211 96 Y Rakks centria.com johnsonite.com rakks.com186 79 Charles Loomis 50 32 Y Kalwall 152-153 60 Renaissance Lighting charlesloomis.com kalwall.com renaissancelighting.com/542 27 CNA AEC Design Liability 31 16 Kim Lighting 107 44 RHEINZINK planetriskmanagement.com kimlighting.com rheinzink.com133 48 Columbia Forest Products 45 28 Kolbe & Kolbe Millwork Co Inc 29 15 SageGlass columbiaforestproducts.com kolbe-kolbe.com sage-ec.com179 73 Coverings 34, 35 19, 20 KraftMaid Cabinetry 198 90 Y Salsbury Industries coverings.com kraftmaid.com mailboxes.com For additional information on these advertisers, circle corresponding number on Reader Service Card, or go to archrecord.construction.com/products. To reserve your 2005 Sweets call 1-800-442-2258210 Architectural Record 02.06
More like a theme park than a store for outdoor enthusiasts, Cabela’s is a unique retail environment that includes dramatic dioramas, aquariums, water- falls and the store’s signature piece, a realistic mountain replica. This expansive structure, featuring stone columns and lodge-like wooden framing, is topped by 60,000 sq. ft. of PAC-CLAD® 22 gauge, 18” steel SNAP- CLAD™ Panels, finished in Cabela’s signature color, Forest Green. The green metal roof and its distinctive shape was designed by the architectural firm of Crabtree, Rohrbaugh and Associates. The shape of the roof is an attempt to add interest and bring the size of the building down to more of a human scale. Kraus-Anderson Construction has been Cabela’s design-build contractor since being involved in the retailer’s expansion launch in 1997. K Post Company installed the Petersen roof and constructed numerous deco- rative interior applications using PAC-CLAD® flat stock. Six different length pan- els up to 60’ long, five different slopes and the wind made this job a challenge. PAC-CLAD® Panels are corrective-leveled during fabrication to provide superior panel flatness. Our PAC-CLAD ® Kynar 500® finish, covered by a non-prorated 20 year warranty, is now available in 36 standard colors on steel and 34 standard colors on aluminum.Cabela’s For more information regarding our complete line of metal roofing products, Buda, TXArchitect: Crabtree, Rohrbaugh & Associates please call us at 1-800-PAC-CLAD or visit our website @ www.pac-clad.com.General Contractor: Kraus-Anderson CIRCLE 97 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GORoofing Contractor: K Post Company TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/Color: Forest GreenProfile: SNAP-CLAD Panels