Architectural record magazine mar 2006


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Architectural record magazine mar 2006

  1. 1. WAY OUT THERE Creating architecture in far-flung places FEATURE: The Rural Studio after MockbeeALSO INTERIORS SECTION
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  5. 5. EDITOR IN CHIEF Robert Ivy, FAIA, MANAGING EDITOR Beth Broome, DESIGN DIRECTOR Anna Egger-Schlesinger, DEPUTY EDITORS Clifford A. Pearson, Suzanne Stephens, Charles Linn, FAIA, Profession and Industry, SENIOR EDITORS Sarah Amelar, sarah_ William Weathersby, Jr., Jane F. Kolleeny, PRODUCTS EDITOR Rita Catinella Orrell, NEWS EDITOR Sam Lubell, PRODUCTION MANAGER Juan Ramos, DEPUTY ART DIRECTOR Kristofer E. Rabasca, ASSOCIATE ART DIRECTOR Clara Huang, WEB DESIGN Susannah Shepherd, WEB PRODUCTION Laurie Meisel, EDITORIAL SUPPORT Linda Ransey, Monique Francis, COPY EDITOR Leslie Yudell ILLUSTRATOR I-ni Chen EDITORIAL ASSISTANT Sarah Cox, EDITOR AT LARGE James S. Russell, AIA, CONTRIBUTING EDITORS Raul Barreneche, Robert Campbell, FAIA, Andrea Oppenheimer Dean, David Dillon, Lisa Findley, Blair Kamin, Nancy Levinson, Thomas Mellins, Robert Murray, Sheri Olson, FAIA, Nancy B. Solomon, AIA, Michael Sorkin, Michael Speaks, Ingrid Spencer SPECIAL INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT Naomi R. Pollock, AIA INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENTS David Cohn, Claire Downey, Tracy Metz GROUP PUBLISHER James H. McGraw IV, VP, ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Laura Viscusi, VP, GROUP EDITORIAL DIRECTOR Robert Ivy, FAIA, GROUP DESIGN DIRECTOR Anna Egger-Schlesinger, DIRECTOR, CIRCULATION Maurice Persiani, Brian McGann, ASSOCIATE PROMOTION MANAGER Laura M. Savino, DIRECTOR, MULTIMEDIA DESIGN & PRODUCTION Susan Valentini, MANAGER, ADVERTISING PRODUCTION Stephen R. Weiss, DIRECTOR, FINANCE Ike Chong, DIRECTOR, SPECIAL PROJECTS Charles Pinyan, REPRINTS Reprint Management Services, EDITORIAL OFFICES: 212/904-2594. Editorial fax: 212/904-4256. E-mail: Two Penn Plaza, New York, N.Y. 10121-2298. WEB SITE: SUBSCRIBER SERVICE: 877/876-8093 (U.S. only). 515/237-3681 (outside the U.S.). Subscriber fax: 712/755-7423. E-mail: AIA members must contact the AIA for address changes on their subscriptions. 800/242-3837. E-mail: INQUIRIES AND SUBMISSIONS: Letters, Robert Ivy; Practice, Charles Linn; Books, Clifford Pearson; Record Houses and Interiors, Sarah Amelar; Products, Rita Catinella Orrell; Lighting and Interiors, William Weathersby, Jr.; Residential, Jane F. Kolleeny; Web Editorial, Ingrid Spencer. ARCHITECTURAL RECORD: (ISSN 0003-858X) March 2006. Vol. 194, No. 03. Published monthly by The McGraw-Hill Companies, 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, N.Y. 10020. Periodicals postage paid at New York, N.Y. and additional mailing offices. Canada Post International Publications Mail Product Sales Agreement No. 40012501. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: DPGM Ltd., 2-7496 Bath Road, Mississauga, ON L4T 1L2. Email: Registered for GST as The McGraw-Hill Companies. GST No. R123075673. Postmaster: Please send address changes to ARCHITECTURAL RECORD, Fulfillment Manager, P.O. Box 5732, Harlan, IA 51593. SUBSCRIPTION: Rates are as follows: U.S. and Possessions $70.30; Canada and Mexico $79 (payment in U.S. currency, GST included); outside North America $199 (air freight delivery). Single copy price $9.95; for foreign $11. Subscriber Services: 877/876-8093 (U.S. only); 515/237-3681 (outside the U.S.); fax: 712/755- 7423. SUBMISSIONS: Every effort will be made to return material submitted for possible publication (if accompanied by stamped, self-addressed envelope), but the edi- tors and the corporation will not be responsible for loss or damage. SUBSCRIPTION LIST USASHEPCAGE: Advertisers may use our list to mail information to readers. To be excluded from such mailings, send a request to ARCHITECTURAL RECORD, Mailing List Manager, P.O. Box 555, Hightstown, N.J. 08520. OFFICERS OF THE MCGRAW-HILL COMPANIES: Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer: Harold McGraw III. Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer: Robert J. Bahash. Executive Vice President, Human Resources: David L. Murphy. Senior Vice President and General Counsel: Kenneth M. Vittor. Principal Operating Executives: Kathleen A Corbet, President, Standard & Poors; Henry Hirschberg, President, McGraw-Hill Education; Glenn S. Goldberg, President, McGraw-Hill Information and Media Services. MCGRAW-HILL CONSTRUCTION: Norbert W. Young, Jr., FAIA, President. Vice President and CFO: Louis J. Finocchiaro. COPYRIGHT AND REPRINTING: Title ® reg. in U.S. Patent Office. Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. Where necessary, permission is granted by the copyright owner for libraries and oth- ers registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, Mass. 01923. To photocopy any article herein for personal or internal reference use only for the base fee of $1.80 per copy of the article plus ten cents per page, send payment to CCC, ISSN 0003-858X. Copying for other than personal use or internal reference is prohibited without prior written permission. Write or fax requests (no telephone requests) to Copyright Permission Desk, ARCHITECTURAL RECORD, Two Penn Plaza, New York, N.Y. 10121-2298; fax 212/904-4256. For reprints call 800/360-5549 X 129 or e-mail Information has been obtained by The McGraw-Hill Companies from sources believed to be reliable. However, because of the possibility of human or mechanical error by our sources, The McGraw-Hill Companies or ARCHITECTURAL RECORD does not guarantee the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any information and is not responsible for any errors or omissions therein or for the results to be obtained from the use of such information of for any damages resulting there from. THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS 2006 BOARD OF DIRECTORS • OFFICERS: Kate Schwennsen, FAIA, President; RK Stewart, FAIA, First Vice President; Ronald J. Battaglia, FAIA, Vice President; Michael Broshar, AIA, Vice President; Jerry K. Roller, AIA, Vice President; Norman Strong, FAIA, Vice President; John C. Senhauser, FAIA, Secretary; Tommy Neal Cowan, FAIA, Treasurer; Jeremy Edmunds, Associate AIA, Associate Representative to the AIA Executive Committee; Elizabeth Mitchell, CACE Representative to the AIA Executive Committee; Christine W. McEntee, Executive Vice President/CEO. • REGIONAL DIRECTORS: Peter J. Arsenault, LEED AP, AIA; Michel C. Ashe, AIA; William D. Beyer, FAIA; Jay Brand, PhD; David J. Brotman, FAIA; Stephan Castellanos, FAIA; Anthony J. Costello, FAIA; David Crawford; James H. Eley, FAIA; Glenn H. Fellows, AIA; Robert D. Fincham, AIA; Jonathan L. Fischel, AIA; Marion L. Fowlkes, FAIA; Maureen A. Guttman, AIA; Walter J. Hainsfurther, AIA; John J. Hoffmann, FAIA; Richard Jackson, MD, MPH; Leevi Kiil, FAIA; Michael Lischer, AIA; Clark Llewellyn, AIA; Stephen K. Loos, AIA; Marvin J. Malecha, FAIA; Clark D. Manus, FAIA; John M. Maudlin-Jeronimo, FAIA; Linda McCracken-Hunt, AIA; George H. Miller, FAIA; Hal P. Munger, AIA; Robin L. Murray, AIA, PP; Thompson Nelson, FAIA; Celeste A. Novak, LEED AP, AIA,; Gordon N. Park, CDS, AIA; Marshall E. Purnell, FAIA; Miguel A. Rodriguez, AIA; Jeffrey Rosenblum, AIA; Ken Ross, FAIA; Greg Staskiewicz, Associate AIA; James M. Suehiro, AIA; Leslie J. Thomas, AIA; Bryce A. Weigand, FAIA; Enrique A. Woodroffe, FAIA; Eric Zaddock. • AIA MANAGEMENT COUNCIL: Christine W. McEntee, Executive Vice President/CEO; James C. Dinegar, CAE, Chief Operating Officer; Richard J. James, CPA, Chief Financial Officer; Jay A. Stephens, Esq., General Counsel; Laura L. Viehmyer, SPHR, CEBS, CAE, Chief Human Resources Officer; Helene Combs Dreiling, Hon. SDA, FAIA, Team Vice President, AIA Community; Ronald A. Faucheux, Ph.D., Esq., Team Vice President, AIA Government Advocacy; Barbara Sido, CAE, Team Vice President, AIA Knowledge; Elizabeth Stewart, Esq., Team Vice President, AIA Public Advocacy; David Downey, CAE, Assoc. AIA, Managing Director, AIA Communities by Design; James Gatsch, FAIA, General Manager, AIA Contract Documents; Suzanne Harness, Esq, AIA., Managing Director and Counsel, AIA Contract Documents; Maan Hashem, Managing Director, AIA Software Products and Services; Richard L. Hayes, Ph.D., RAIC, CAE, AIA, Managing Director, AIA Knowledge Resources; Brenda Henderson, Hon. AIA, Managing Director, AIA Component Relations; Christine M. Klein, Managing Director, AIA Meetings; Carol Madden, Managing Director, AIA Membership Services; Philip D. O’Neal, Managing Director, AIA Information Technology; C.D. Pangallo, EdD, Managing Director, AIA Continuing Education; Terence J. Poltrack, Managing Director, AIA Communications; Andrea S. Rutledge, SDA, Managing Director, AIA Alliances; Phil Simon, Managing Director, AIA Marketing and Promotion; Terri Stewart, Managing Director, AIA Professional Practice. CIRCLE 3 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO PRINTED IN USATO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
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  13. 13. 03.2006 On the Cover: Svalbard Research Centre, by Jarmund/ Vigsnæs Architects. Photograph by Nils Petter Dahle Right: Magma Arts and Congress Center, by Artengo Menis Pastrana. Photograph by Roland Halbe News Building Types Study 855 27 Super Bowl spurs demolitions in Detroit 131 Introduction: Offices by James S. Russell, AIA 28 Gulf rebuilding update 132 Hyatt Center, Illinois by Blair Kamin* Pei Cobb Freed Departments 138 Bloomberg Headquarters, New York City by Suzanne Stephens* Studios Architecture 17 Editorial: Keep the Pressure On 144 Endesa Headquarters, Spain by David Cohn* 19 Letters* Kohn Pedersen Fox 53 Archrecord2* 150 E.J. DeSeta Building, Delaware by David Gissen* 57 Correspondent’s File: Syria by Seif El Rashidi Kling 63 Critique: Criticism Today by Nancy Levinson 154 Highlight Munich Business Towers, Germany by Tracy Metz* 69 Snapshot: BOH Tea Centre by Beth Broome Murphy/Jahn225 Dates & Events* For additional office projects, go to Building Types256 Lost to Katrina: St. Peter’s by the Sea by James S. Russell, AIA* Study at Features Architectural Technology 76 Keeping the Spirit Alive by Andrea Oppenheimer Dean 163 Can a New Kind of Heat Pump Change the World? Four years after Mockbee’s death, Rural Studio lives on. by Charles Linn, FAIA* It has arrived: A heat pump that works at sub-zero temperatures. Projects 171 Tech Products by James Murdock* 87 Way Out There by Robert Ivy, FAIA* 88 Magma Arts and Congress Center, Spain by David Cohn* Interiors Artengo Menis Pastrana Arquitectos 187 Introduction: Small Spaces by William Weathersby, Jr. Massive, concrete sculptural forms create a distinctive presence. 188 Flex Physical Therapy and Fitness by William Weathersby, Jr. 98 The Red Location Museum, South Africa by Lisa Findley* Pierluigi Serraino, Assoc. AIA Noero Wolff Architects 195 Lucini Italia by John Peter Radulski The struggle against apartheid is commemorated with design. Slack Alvarez Associates106 New Chancellery Building and Business School, Australia 198 Xing by William Weathersby, Jr. by Christopher Moore* Lewis.Tsurumaki.Lewis fjmt 203 Interior Products by Rita Catinella Orrell A thorny crown caps one of the world’s most remote cities.112 Svalbard Research Centre, Norway by Peter MacKeith* Products Jarmund/Vigsnæs Architects 211 Walls & Ceilings by Rita Catinella Orrell An otherworldly building hunkers down in its arctic setting. 215 Product Briefs120 Parliament Library, India by Sam Lubell* 216 Cersaie Tile Show Review by Jane F. Kolleeny Raj Rewal Associates 221 Product Literature Blessed with the richness of history and complexity of modernity. 240 Reader Service* 236 AIA/CES Self-Report Form* * You can find these stories at, including expanded coverage of Projects, Building Types Studies, and AR is the proud recipient of a Web-only special features. National Magazine Award for General Excellence 03.06 Architectural Record 13
  14. 14. This month in Continuing Education March 2006In This Issue:Pages 173-177 Exploring the High Performance Benefits of Laminated Glass Sponsored by Solutia LEARNING OBJECTIVES: • Understand how laminated glass addresses design and safety challenges. • Recognize the benefits of laminated glass during hurricanes and earthquakes. • Explain why laminated glass offers a high degree of security protection. • Discuss how laminated glass reduces sound transmission. • Identify the sustainable, energy-efficient performance qualities of laminated glass.Pages 179-183 The Essential Design Element for Any Office Space Sponsored by Lutron LEARNING OBJECTIVES: • Examine how office design has transitioned to accommodate changing organizational needs. • Incorporate lighting control strategies that improve building efficiency and add value to the office space. • Specify lighting controls that are easy to install, maintain, and reconfigure when floor plans change.This month at Project Portfolio Beyond the 50 states, beyond London, Shanghai, or Milan, rooted in landscape or topography or local culture, stand architectural projects that could often have occurred in no other place. Architectural Record went Way Out There to find such projects, and we suggest that the work in these unexpected places can inspire our own architectural efforts. Sponsored byPhoto © Nils Petter Dahle Building Types House of The Month Interiors Study In the green hills of Rohrdorf, between Big effects in small spaces: Architects transform American architects Munich and Salzburg in Germany’s Upper urban interiors with color and humble materials. tweak old norms to Bavaria, an architect builds himself a home of sinuous wood and glass. Sponsored by create amenable offices in low-rise buildings and skyscrapers. Sponsored by Sponsored byPhoto: ©Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates Photo ©Roland Halbe Photo: ©Jody Kivort connecting people_projects_products Find us online at
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  17. 17. Keep the Pressure On Editorial By Robert Ivy, FAIA W e cannot design ourselves out of Katrina. No matter how well The temptation might be to accept the latest federal appropriations intentioned we architects may be, no matter how many plans as the much-sought relief. It sounds like a lot of money and will help with and volunteer hours we commit, the scale and complexity of housing and local infrastructure, but unfortunately, the total pales in com- this disaster exceeds the grasp of design alone, despite the fact that many of us parison to Katrina’s toll. According to credible sources, the actual cost soars to are trying hard. $30 billion when you outline the real needs. Among the requirements are Currently, the front line rests with government action. Think about levee and flood protection, coastal wetlands mitigation, the local match for the immense implications of the storm, the largest natural disaster ever to hazard mitigation, the costs to colleges and universities (some of which were strike the United States. The Red Cross now estimates that over 275,000 decimated), local public services (police and fire protection, for example), homes were destroyed, as many as 200,000 in Louisiana alone. The storm cut electric utilities, and other infrastructure work that is not fully determined. a swath across three states, affecting each differently. In Mississippi, the entire While the dispensation of federal appropriations seems to be coastline lies wounded, with whole communities ground into powder. Greater changing with each day’s posting on the Web, this much is clear: Our largest New Orleans stews in political, economic, and social gumbo, its people forming natural disaster deserves a heroic response from all our citizens. New Orleans a diaspora scattered throughout the 50 states. Nothing alters the fact that alone, the fulcrum, remains vital to our commerce and to our national soul. FEMA maps due out in April will demonstrate that scores of houses and plots That city takes its place among the great cities, not only of this country, but of land remain in harm’s way. Until the U.S. Corps of Engineers stabilizes the uniquely on the world stage. The Mississippi Gulf Coast, struck with com- levee systems that have historically ringed the city, vast tracts are subject to mensurate disaster, deserves equal, full attention. further flooding, and hurricane season is galloping toward us again. Our immediate response as architects always seems to be design. In Local citizens have been outraged at our lack of a national this case, we should be acting to provoke leadership and keeping the pressure response. Put yourself in the residents’ place for a moment. If you, a New on our elected officials. We need vision, direction, and commitment at all Orleans citizen, found your house irreparably damaged, and you faced a levels as never before. While an ever-present war continues to demand our monthly mortgage, what would you do? Shouldn’t the federal government sons and daughters, our national treasury, and our emotional energies, it is offer relief? The Baker Bill, sponsored by U.S. Representative Richard Baker time that the allied communities of design professionals rise up, speak out for from Louisiana, proposes establishing the Louisiana Recovery Corporation— the cities we have helped to design and build in this country, and find the an agency to purchase back damaged property from residents. While the bill, political will to revitalize an indisputable lodestone of American culture—P H OTO G R A P H Y : © A N D R É S O U R O U J O N an admirable proposal, has found advocates in Congress, and support from the Gulf South. Design will come later. the AIA, the Bush administration is withholding its favor; congressional Republicans seem to be pulling back their support as well, relying on the forces of free-market capitalism. The administration has, instead, already earmarked $19.8 billion in supplemental appropriations for agencies like the Department of Homeland Security, FEMA, and for federal structures (such as VA hospitals), with $4.2 billion for the Community Development Block Grant program for Louisiana. Money for federal agencies come out of these requests. 03.06 Architectural Record 17
  19. 19. LettersULI responds to return to neighborhoods that are ULI recommendations. reconstruction of the Gulf coast came DEPARTMENTSI worked with the 50-plus members safe and sustainable. We recom- What we recommended for at a great time, for me at least, in thatof the Urban Land Institute, who pro- mended that the city supplement those who cannot rebuild in place is I read it on vacation, shortly after myvided a rebuilding framework to the engineered flood control with natural fair-market compensation—at pre- first visits to the “New Urbanist”Bring New Orleans Back Commission barriers. This will entail reinforcing the Katrina value-—for their homes and Florida communities of WaterColorin November 2005. Michael Sorkin levees, drainage canals, and pump- businesses, to enable them to relo- and its older, more famous neighbor,wrote in his February Critique [“Will ing stations by restoring more natural cate and rebuild in a safer part of Seaside. While I haven’t read the CNUnew plans for the Gulf drown it again, areas to protect the city’s residents, their community. ULI never suggested report, I did understand Mr. Sorkin’sthis time in nostalgia?,” page 47] and rebuilding in a way that better or implied that entire neighborhoods criticisms of its overemphasis onthat the ULI recommended “aban- respects the topography of the city. be abandoned. There are substantial architectural formulas aimed atdoning” some parts of the city as In addition, many of the portions of each neighborhood that strengthening a more homogeneoustoo expensive to save and that its severely flooded areas will require can be rebuilt in a way that adds to and identifiably “regionalist” look inrecommendations were predicated environmental and engineering eval- the entire city’s revival. the new construction.on a bottom-line mentality. He also uation before rebuilding can begin. —Rachelle Levitt The buildings in WaterColor allimplied that there was an implicit We recommended that these evalu- Executive Vice President seemed to me to be beautiful distil-motivation to negatively affect the ations begin immediately so that Urban Land Institute lations of how I had envisionedlow-income African-American popu- neighborhood rebuilding can start. Washington, D.C. coastal-region architecture. Theylation of New Orleans. I’d like to set It is unfortunate that the historical were consistently well designed,the record straight. growth patterns led much of the WaterColor lesson clean, full of wonderful details and ULI’s strategy for rebuilding New African-American population into Michael Sorkin’s February Critique on color, and set into a path-intensive,Orleans was premised on our firm low-lying areas of the city. But, the Congress for the New Urbanism’s varied landscape. The houses werebelief that every citizen has the right safety, not race, was the key to the [CNU] recommendations for the generally modest in scale and de- CIRCLE 11 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
  20. 20. Letters with current fashion or specious theories, we may, finally, discover a where knowledge and experience are transferred not just from an institu- universal audience. tion to the students. There is a total —James A. Gresham, FAIA new way of learning. Our younger emphasized the automobile. The torial, “Reconstructing Kuwait” [page Tucson, Ariz. generation is continuously teaching more I thought about it, however, 19]. With all the doom and rubble we us with their actions. the more I wondered if WaterColor see in Baghdad, it was inspiring to Campuses of the future Take a look at the great cities in is only an “ideal”—no more than a hear about a city nearby that is Robert Campbell [January, page 57] the world. With diversity and hetero- theme park of sorts? Does it only recreating itself. It must have been might be accurate about the nature geneous architecture, they are the represent a particular version of one quite a sight. of the arguments on both sides of the campuses of the future generations. narrow aspect of local design? —Hansa Bergwall UVA campus architecture discussion. —Henry Chao, AIA It is a valid thing to seek and New York City However, he may have missed a criti- Columbus, Ohio understand regional themes in design cal point with respect to the setting and to keep local flavor alive, and it Speaking in tongues and the implication of campus archi- Corrections is equally valid to promote walkable, Robert Campbell’s January Critique tectural design guidelines. With strict In the February issue, the distributor well-organized communities. It is [page 57] brilliantly identifies the subscription to a uniform architectural of the Shades and Screens textile most important, however, to have an major fault line in current design— style, the campus environment is per- collection [page 182] was omitted. overriding design framework that can namely, our failure to create petuating the concept of conformity to The line is now distributed nationwide accommodate and thrive on diversity. memorable architecture possessing the students and faculties, depriving through Nysan for Hunter Douglas This diversity is what seemed to be common appeal. Similar fault lines them of the most important privileges Shading Systems’ network. In addi- lacking in WaterColor, and is what Mr. exist in much contemporary art and of university life: the freedom of think- tion, three of the fabrics included in Sorkin warned against in the future music where self-expression has ing and discourse, and the courage of the image that ran are, in fact, redevelopment of Gulf coast commu- achieved supremacy over craftsman- exploration and expression. Nysan’s Greenscreen products. Two nities. Thank you for the reminder! ship and common sense. Our inability For years, conformity was the images in February’s multifamily —Scott J. Newland, AIA to communicate with the larger pub- principle of campus architecture, as housing Building Types Study [page Minneapolis lic is exemplified by the arcane it was the principle of learning. With 120] should have been credited to architectural babble so current in the the rapid pace of change in modern Jim Wasserman. Antidote for doom profession today. If we concerned society, it is critical that the campus I just read Robert Ivy’s January edi- ourselves more with building well, not reflect the real world, as the place Send letters to Executive: Best of NeoCon Gold Award | | 800 627 6770 CIRCLE 12 ON READER SERVICE CARD OR GO TO ARCHRECORD.CONSTRUCTION.COM/PRODUCTS/
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  26. 26. Record News p.28 Gulf rebuilding update p.34 OMA building could transform Louisville Highlights p.36 Libeskind designing high-rises worldwide p.44 On the Boards: Out There Super Bowl spurs demolitions in Detroit Hosting Super Bowl XL last February that have been vacant spurred Detroit’s civic leaders to for at least 10 years—for conduct a three-year makeover of its either fast-track redevel- downtown, long known for empty opment or demolition. buildings and deserted streets. On the other side New sidewalks and street lights is an array of enthusi- were installed; office towers were asts, architects, and converted to loft apartments and investors who see condominiums; new shops and preservation as key to restaurants opened in once-empty the city’s revival. They storefronts. As a result, downtown note that livable and hasn’t looked so good in years. walkable areas such as But the most controversial Detroit’s Greektown, Corktown, aspect of this makeover was the city’s Midtown, and Harmonie Park consist demolition of several historic struc- of historic properties patiently tures in the drive to get ready for the restored by investors. Once threat- Super Bowl. Among the buildings to ened with demolition, these districts Preservationists hope to save fall in the weeks and months prior to today rank as some of the city’s most the Michigan Central Depot (top the game on February 5 were the appealing and diverse neighborhoods. left), but it’s too late for the landmark Statler Hotel, a well-known George Jackson, president of Donovan/Motown buildingP H OTO G R A P H Y : © D E T R O I T F R E E P R E S S ( TO P L E F T ) ; A L L A N M A C H I E L S E ( TO P R I G H T A N D B OT TO M ) 1914 high-rise; the Madison-Lenox the Detroit Economic Growth (above), the Madison-Lenox Hotel, a more modest, eight-story Corporation, led much of Kilpatrick’s Hotel (left), and many others. structure that was part of the city’s clean-up effort. He says he turns to Madison-Harmonie Historic District; demolition only as a last resort. close on a redevelopment deal and the Donovan Building, a circa- “Economic reality does play a for the Book-Cadillac, vacant 1920 office building by architect role,” he says. “When you have a since 1984. Albert Kahn that once housed the structure that is not economically But even if the city goes Motown Music headquarters. Several feasible to restore, I think you have to to great lengths on individual smaller structures fell, too, leaving big look at demolition. Obviously, you can projects, preservationists like gaps in the downtown streetscape. restore any building if you have the to rehabilitate in a way we haven’t Grunow say there is no overall Part of the sting in losing these money to do it, but no one is going to seen in decades. At the same time, philosophy that employs historic buildings was that, in some cases, restore properties if they cannot make we’ve lost a lot of key buildings. It’s preservation as an approach to the city seemed to ignore basic money off their investment.” Jackson definitely been an accelerated pace urban redevelopment. This com- landmark protections afforded by notes that some buildings, such as of both,” he says. plaint is not new here. City state law. Detroit’s Historic District the now-lost Statler, had sat vacant Everyone agrees that Kilpatrick administrations have long been Advisory Commission twice refused for decades. Intensive efforts to has worked hard to try to restore hostile to broad planning schemes, Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick’s request structure a financing package for that Detroit’s two most famous vacant preferring a deal-by-deal approach to tear down the Madison-Lenox; building failed. Facing the deadline of eyesores: the Michigan Central that often slights preservation. the mayor’s building department the Super Bowl, the city opted to tear Depot, a 1914 structure by Warren & Preservation groups have been then condemned the building as it down instead of waiting for a savior. Wetmore and Reed & Stem, who helping to craft state legislation that unsafe and razed it anyway. Francis Grunow, executive direc- designed New York’s Grand Central would make more historic tax credits The dispute over demolition tor of nonprofit group Preservation Station; and the Book-Cadillac Hotel, available for renovation work. Another involves two competing redevelop- Wayne, gives Kilpatrick credit for a 1924 Italian Renaissance–style idea would give legal standing to ment philosophies. On one hand, helping developers remake several high-rise by Louis Kamper. The city groups like Preservation Wayne to there is Mayor Kilpatrick’s “clean, early-20th-century office buildings pursued, in vain, a plan to make intervene in lawsuits over historically safe, beautiful” mantra for cleaning up downtown into residential lofts. But he over the depot (vacant for more designated buildings. So far, though, downtown, in which the city targets its worries over the pace of demolition. than a decade) as its new police these ideas have not progressed past so-called dinosaur buildings—those “There’s definitely been a move headquarters. Detroit still hopes to the talking stage. John Gallagher 03.06 Architectural Record 27
  27. 27. Record News JB: We’re setting up teams of resi- dents and leaders supported by funds. Another appropriations request must be submitted to the federal professionals and experts—planners, government by July 1. The reaction of urban designers, architects, cost esti- the mortgage, insurance, and finance mators, civil engineers, etc. Many industries will be key, because ifSPECIAL HURRICANE REPORT neighborhoods have already started they don’t provide financial backing, their planning. The professional people won’t be able to rebuild.Planning to rebuild: An interview with New teams are largely set up at this point. AR: Has this planning process beenOrleans’s master planner AR: Are there any more solid facts handled the same as any otherLast month, John Beckman, princi- JB: There is a lot to be angry about. about how many residents have would, or have the scope and enor-pal with Philadelphia firm Wallace It is a clear case of negligence by returned and how many unsalvage- mity led you to use other methods?Roberts & Todd (WRT), presented the federal government. When you able houses there are? JB: We have done plans for largera master plan for rebuilding New look at the dollars that were JB: The best estimates that I’ve seen cities than New Orleans, but thereOrleans [RECORD, February 2006, expended after September 11, they are that there are now approximately were many factors that made itpage 26]. WRT was asked to devise were completely out of proportion 150,000 New Orleans residents. I do unusual. For example, the lack ofa plan for the urban-planning com- from what happened with Katrina not have an estimate of the number data. The city’s computer system wasmittee of the Bring New Orleans and Rita. Clearly, planning before of homes that are unsalvageable. knocked out, so we didn’t know howBack Commission (BNOBC), the the storm could have been better— The city and the federal government many houses were destroyed, or howteam of professionals Mayor C. Ray from lack of funding to restoration of have given damage reports, but many people there were. There wereNagin formed to address the city’s coastal wetlands. This needs to be many homeowners are appealing no schools, very limited governmentwoes in the immediate wake of an equitably, and efficiently, man- their accuracy. Most people would to interact with, and a very small pop-Hurricane Katrina. aged resettlement of the city so the feel more comfortable with an actual ulation. When we do a citywide plan, people who do come back have the inspection of their properties. it usually involves hundreds of peopleARCHITECTURAL RECORD: services they need. It’s a matter of and many meetings. We did this in anHow did the Bring New Orleans phasing and timing, because every- AR: How are you determining incredibly compressed time frame,Back Commission end up choosing one is not going to come back right future population estimates? with an enormous sense of urgency.a Philadelphia-based firm to advise away. The only piece of our action JB: It is estimated that bythem on urban planning? plan that was rejected was the September 2008, New Orleans will AR: How will your plans be affectedJOHN BECKMAN: WRT has been moratorium [four months long, to have 250,000 or so people. The by the release of FEMA’s flood eleva-involved in New Orleans off and on assess which areas are most feasi- biggest constraint is habitable hous- tion maps? [The maps are supposedfor over 30 years. In 1974, we rewrote ble to rebuild] on building permits. ing. My gut feeling is that there may to be released by the end of March.]the zoning ordinance to permit cre- be more people than that because JB: Those maps will specify whatation of a downtown development AR: Is the committee working on New Orleans is such a rooted place elevation the first floor of a buildingdistrict. We also worked on plans for design guidelines for new construction? and has such a powerful pull. needs to be. Absolutely no one knowsthe warehouse district, which used JB: Not yet. Our plan recommends what will come out of that process orto be skid row. åWe completed a that the interim guidelines be devel- AR: The plan talks about bridge even when the maps will be released,master plan for City Park just before oped quickly. We also recommended financing and other means to help and it is obviously extraordinarily frus-the hurricane. Joe Canizaro (local updating the city’s master plan, giv- people to get their houses back. Any trating for the people of New Orleans.developer and BNOBC Urban ing it the force of law and placing prognosis for those, especially sincePlanning Commissioner) was on the the control of land use, land devel- President Bush has repudiated the AR: What effect do you expect theboard of the group that led the origi- opment, zoning ordinances, and Baker buyback plan? municipal elections, scheduled fornal Downtown Development District, building codes with the city planning JB: The Baker Bill [which calls for April and May, to have on the urbanand he suggested I come down and commission. We felt it was impor- the federal government to buy large planning committee’s progress?meet with the BNOBC. tant that these activities be taken swaths of land for redevelopment] JB: I hope and expect that the citi- out of the political realm. would have been very helpful, and it zens and elected officials of NewAR: Who is paying for your services? was a big disappointment that it Orleans will continue to focus onJB: Neither the city nor the commis- AR: What types of zoning—for uses was rejected by the White House. preparation of a long-term recoverysion is funding our efforts. Some of and densities—is WRT planning? Congressman Baker has indicated plan. I believe everyone understandsthe work is paid for by private funds. JB: That’s going to come out of the that he will propose another version. the stakes involved in building aSome is on an at-cost basis, and we neighborhood planning process. When I presented the plan to the better New Orleans based on thehave donated an enormous amount The action plan we prepared [at Louisiana Recovery Authority [on best of its legacy—a place whereas well. There is no city more won-] was January 13], Baker said everyone everyone can return and a place toderful in the U.S. than New Orleans, a recommendation. There also has who opposed the bill said they would which new residents will move.and if you can’t step forward now, to be significant input by the city support it if it were modified. Therewhen are you going to? planning commission. are also CDBG (community develop- Interview by Angelle Bergeron ment block grant) funds, FEMA funds,AR: Many people greeted the plan AR: How is the neighborhood U.S. Department of Transportation For more of this interview, go towith distrust. Why is that? planning process being convened? funds, and various housing agency Architectural Record 03.06
  28. 28. CircaF o r m 1 0
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  30. 30. Record News or a tree through a roof was often enough to get a house red-tagged, she says. But such damage is often repaired for less thanSPECIAL HURRICANE REPORT apparently intact homes that had actually beenDespite obstacles, some Gulf residents flooded. “Only a structural engineer and an architecthave begun to rebuild can assess some of theseMany Katrina-evacuated homeowners For the many homes that have problems,” she says.who thought they’d lost everything are not suffered significant structural For many homeown-finding their homes are salvageable. damage, a cottage industry of con- ers, insurance isn’t enough. Last Thanksgiving, for example, tractors and volunteers has grown Only volunteer labor canvolunteers from New Orleans–based around “gutting out” houses: ripping bridge the cost gap. Sheri-Preservation Resource Center (PRC) out water-soaked linoleum, carpet, Mildred Bennett’s shotgun home in the Holy Lea Bloodworth, throughcleaned out a badly damaged 1884 floors, and cabinets; tearing down Cross neighborhood of New Orleans was badly architect-run aid groupshotgun house in the Holy Cross Sheetrock; and often throwing out damaged inside, but it is still salvageable. Architecture for Humanity,neighborhood of New Orleans. The doors and windows to dry out moldy helps coordinate 30-someremovals revealed streaked orange studs. These houses are ready for volunteer groups out of aand blue board-and-batten walls and rebuilding, but homeowners often church in Biloxi, Mississippi.sturdy wood floors, which had come must battle with insurers about wind Teams head out daily toout unscathed. The work was spon- damage (generally covered) versus help residents clean,sored by the PRC and supported by flood damage (either not covered or gut, and treat their homesthe National Trust for Historic only partly covered). Others have to for mold (often using aPreservation, to show that some of fight “red tagging,” which denotes that mixture of trisodium phos-the city’s oldest houses are rehabili- damage is greater than 50 percent, phate and householdtation candidates. According to PRC and means they cannot rebuild except bleach applied with gardenspokeswoman Sue Sperry, the above FEMA-mapped flood levels. sprayers). Plumbers andorganization, with paid and volunteer Those maps are expected by March. electricians, usually paid,labor, should be able to get 82-year- Another cottage industry has inspections by nonprofessionals— follow on, and then volunteers returnold Mildred Bennett back into her built up around getting damage barbers, mailmen—pressed into to redo finishes. Labor, volunteer andhome for $40,000. Progress now estimates reduced to below the service when few professionals were otherwise, remains scarce, althoughonly awaits the restoration of elec- 50 percent threshold. The red-tag- in town. PRC, in fact, has resurveyed those willing to sleep in tents or drivetricity and reliable supplies of water ging, says PRC’s Sperry, was often houses in historic districts, which long distances to help are earningto the neighborhood. cursory, done in drive-by visual cover most of the city. A bulging wall undying gratitude. James S. Russell P H OTO G R A P H Y : C O U R T E SY P R E S E R VAT I O N R E S O U R C E C E N T E R ( TO P T W O )Hurricane recovery briefing in Biloxi, Mississippi, part of its Great Libeskind is now working on a com- Schools By Design initiative to munity center in Gulfport,AIA members lobby for things, purchase large swaths of land improve educational architecture. Mississippi, which was all butKatrina rebuilding plan for planned development, instead of Discussions took place among 20 of destroyed by Hurricane Katrina. TheThe several hundred architects allowing scattered, unplanned devel- the 22 superintendents from the project, being developed pro bonoattending the AIA Grassroots opment. Among several other pleas region and architects and design for the Boys and Girls Club, is beingLeadership and Legislative to congress, the group lobbied in experts from around the country. funded by Rockworks, a charityConference in Washington, D.C., in support of its new sustainable design Topics included new school locations, made up largely of music stars.February took their plans for Katrina initiative [RECORD NEWS, February construction funding, schools as The 30,000-square-foot center,rebuilding directly to Congress. AIA 2006, page 33], which calls for community centers, community par- in the Forest Heights section ofchapter leaders visited the offices of reducing building’s fossil fuel con- ticipation in rebuilding, and managing Gulfport, will house after-schoolU.S. senators and representatives, sumption by 50 percent in the next new students. The group says it will programs, summer programs, andurging them to support H.R. 4100, five years, and pushed for access to hold a spring meeting to examine financial-planning programs for thosealso known as the Baker Bill, pro- small business health insurance particular case studies from the area, left jobless after the storm. Theposed by Louisiana Congressman plans for AIA members. Sam Lubell possibly in places like Pass Christian, design details will be unveiled inRichard Baker (R-LA). The bill would Long Beach, and Moss Point. S.L. the next month or so, says Ninaestablish a private corporation to Mississippi school design Libeskind, the architect’s wife andoversee development in areas of institute From February 12 to 14, Libeskind working in the Gulf business manager. She says theLouisiana devastated by Hurricane the American Architectural Shortly after developing buildings firm is now considering further proj-Katrina. The Louisiana Recovery Foundation (AAF) hosted the for a Atawatuna, a town in post- ects in the Gulf area, but has notCorporation would, among other Mississippi Regional School Institute tsunami Sri Lanka, architect Daniel made any decisions yet. S.L.32 Architectural Record 03.06
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