How Would You Move Mount Fuji


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How Would You Move Mount Fuji

  1. 2. How Would You Move Mount Fuji? Microsoft’s Cult of the Puzzle How the World’s Smartest Companies Select the Most Creative Thinkers AUTHOR: William Poundstone PUBLISHER: Little,Brown and Company DATE OF PUBLICATION: 2004 NUMBER OF PAGES: 276 pages Book pic
  2. 3. <ul><ul><li>Questions such as the above seek to separate the most creative thinkers from the merely talented. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The author will teach you how to answer them creatively and effectively, giving you an upper hand on crucial job interviews. </li></ul></ul>THE BIG IDEA
  3. 4. The Impossible question <ul><ul><li>“ Impossible questions” and are believed to measure the intelligence, resourcefulness or “outside-the-box thinking”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No one knows the answer – not even the person who is asking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A reflection of how the company needs to be more selective and extra careful in its hiring. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Riddles and Sphinxes </li></ul><ul><li>The Sphinx devoured anyone who could not answer the riddle: “What is it that walks in four legs in the mornings, two legs at noon and three legs in the evening?” </li></ul><ul><li>The Two-Second Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Suggests that an interviewer has already made up his or her mind about the interviewee by the time the interviewee has sat down. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional and Behavioral Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Human resource experts classify interview questions into “traditional” and “behavioral”. </li></ul><ul><li>Future Tense </li></ul><ul><li>Hire people based on what he can do rather than what he has done. </li></ul>The Impossible question
  5. 6. <ul><li>Lewis Terman and I.Q. </li></ul><ul><li>For Terman, intelligence is the ability to reason abstractly; it is not knowledge of facts but the ability to manipulate concepts. </li></ul><ul><li>I.Q. Test in the Workplace </li></ul><ul><li>I.Q. tests were used in Army recruitment that ushered in the use in the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>The Shockley Interview </li></ul><ul><li>William Shockley, one of the “founders” of Silicon Valley, insisted that every job candidate must take an intelligence test. </li></ul><ul><li>Are Puzzle Interviews I.Q. Test.? </li></ul><ul><li>It is said to measure bandwidth, inventiveness, creative problem-solving ability and outside-the-box thinking. </li></ul>The Termans and Silicon Valley
  6. 7. <ul><li>Microsoft and Its Employees </li></ul><ul><li>A main goal of hiring is to find “Bill clones” – the company’s term for a young person of Gates-like intelligence and competitive edge. </li></ul>Bill Gates and the Culture of Puzzles
  7. 8. <ul><li>Microsoft’s interviewers ask many types of questions, even the traditional and behavioral ones. </li></ul>The Microsoft Interview Puzzles
  8. 9. Where Does Microsoft Get Its Puzzles? <ul><li>They ask recreational problems that are stated in words and involve little or no math. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also encouraged that those working in Microsoft come up with “new” and presumably effective questions. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>These interview tests aim to make the candidate uncomfortable in order to provoke certain reactions that are believed to reflect how one candidate does under stress. </li></ul>Wall Street and the Stress Interview
  10. 11. <ul><li>First decide what kind of answer is expected. </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever you think of first is wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>Forget you ever learned calculus. </li></ul><ul><li>Big complicated questions usually have simple answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Simple questions often demand complicated answers. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Perfectly logical beings” are not like you and me. </li></ul><ul><li>See what happens when you reject each of these assumptions in succession. </li></ul><ul><li>Lay out the possible scenarios. </li></ul><ul><li>Give a good answer that the interviewer has never heard before. </li></ul>How to Outsmart the Puzzle Interview
  11. 12. <ul><li>The puzzle interview recognizes two discomforting facts about life: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With the rapid pace of changing of technology, there is no point in hiring for a specific soon-to-be-obsolete set of skills. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A bad hiring decision is likely to hurt the company more than a good hiring decision will help it. </li></ul></ul>How Innovative Companies Ought to Interview
  12. 13. <ul><li>Guidelines to get the information you need out of puzzle interviews: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The value of the puzzle is in inverse proportion to the candidate’s experience. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have an interview plan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An interview is not an IQ test. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A filter to prevent bad hires. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interview questions are only as fair as you make them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose questions so that it doesn’t matter whether the candidate has heard them before. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenge your first impression. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid “questions with no right answers” . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t do a “stress interview” . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t pass notes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid deception, even the common “white lies”. </li></ul></ul>How Innovative Companies Ought to Interview
  13. 14. <ul><li>Key to a Puzzle </li></ul><ul><li>The key to solving any puzzle is to be sensitive to the clues as to what kind of puzzle it is. </li></ul><ul><li>Be confident in answering the puzzle and of your answer. </li></ul>Sample Puzzle / Logic Questions and Answers
  14. 15. is a business book Summaries service. Every week, it sends out to subscribers a 9- to 12-page summary of a best-selling business book chosen from among the hundreds of books printed out in the United States. For more information, please go to ABOUT BUSINESSSUMMARIES