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How Would You Move Mount Fuji? Microsoft’s Cult of the Puzzle How the World’s Smartest Companies Select the Most Creative ...
<ul><ul><li>Questions such as the above seek to separate the most creative thinkers from the merely talented. </li></ul></...
The Impossible question <ul><ul><li>“ Impossible questions” and are believed to measure the intelligence, resourcefulness ...
<ul><li>Riddles and Sphinxes </li></ul><ul><li>The Sphinx devoured anyone who could not answer the riddle:  “What is it th...
<ul><li>Lewis Terman and I.Q. </li></ul><ul><li>For Terman, intelligence is the ability to reason abstractly; it is not kn...
<ul><li>Microsoft and Its Employees </li></ul><ul><li>A main goal of hiring is to find  “Bill clones”  – the company’s ter...
<ul><li>Microsoft’s interviewers ask many types of questions, even the traditional and behavioral ones.  </li></ul>The Mic...
Where Does Microsoft Get Its Puzzles? <ul><li>They ask recreational problems that are stated in words and involve little o...
<ul><li>These interview tests aim to make the candidate uncomfortable in order to provoke certain reactions that are belie...
<ul><li>First decide what kind of answer is expected. </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever you think of first is wrong. </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>The puzzle interview recognizes two discomforting facts about life: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With the rapid pace of c...
<ul><li>Guidelines to get the information you need out of puzzle interviews: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The value of the puzzle...
<ul><li>Key to a Puzzle </li></ul><ul><li>The key to solving any puzzle is to be sensitive to the clues as to what kind of...
BusinessSummaries.com is a business book Summaries service.  Every week, it sends out to subscribers a 9- to 12-page summa...
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How Would You Move Mount Fuji

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Transcript of "How Would You Move Mount Fuji"

  1. 2. How Would You Move Mount Fuji? Microsoft’s Cult of the Puzzle How the World’s Smartest Companies Select the Most Creative Thinkers AUTHOR: William Poundstone PUBLISHER: Little,Brown and Company DATE OF PUBLICATION: 2004 NUMBER OF PAGES: 276 pages Book pic
  2. 3. <ul><ul><li>Questions such as the above seek to separate the most creative thinkers from the merely talented. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The author will teach you how to answer them creatively and effectively, giving you an upper hand on crucial job interviews. </li></ul></ul>THE BIG IDEA
  3. 4. The Impossible question <ul><ul><li>“ Impossible questions” and are believed to measure the intelligence, resourcefulness or “outside-the-box thinking”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No one knows the answer – not even the person who is asking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A reflection of how the company needs to be more selective and extra careful in its hiring. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Riddles and Sphinxes </li></ul><ul><li>The Sphinx devoured anyone who could not answer the riddle: “What is it that walks in four legs in the mornings, two legs at noon and three legs in the evening?” </li></ul><ul><li>The Two-Second Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Suggests that an interviewer has already made up his or her mind about the interviewee by the time the interviewee has sat down. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional and Behavioral Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Human resource experts classify interview questions into “traditional” and “behavioral”. </li></ul><ul><li>Future Tense </li></ul><ul><li>Hire people based on what he can do rather than what he has done. </li></ul>The Impossible question
  5. 6. <ul><li>Lewis Terman and I.Q. </li></ul><ul><li>For Terman, intelligence is the ability to reason abstractly; it is not knowledge of facts but the ability to manipulate concepts. </li></ul><ul><li>I.Q. Test in the Workplace </li></ul><ul><li>I.Q. tests were used in Army recruitment that ushered in the use in the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>The Shockley Interview </li></ul><ul><li>William Shockley, one of the “founders” of Silicon Valley, insisted that every job candidate must take an intelligence test. </li></ul><ul><li>Are Puzzle Interviews I.Q. Test.? </li></ul><ul><li>It is said to measure bandwidth, inventiveness, creative problem-solving ability and outside-the-box thinking. </li></ul>The Termans and Silicon Valley
  6. 7. <ul><li>Microsoft and Its Employees </li></ul><ul><li>A main goal of hiring is to find “Bill clones” – the company’s term for a young person of Gates-like intelligence and competitive edge. </li></ul>Bill Gates and the Culture of Puzzles
  7. 8. <ul><li>Microsoft’s interviewers ask many types of questions, even the traditional and behavioral ones. </li></ul>The Microsoft Interview Puzzles
  8. 9. Where Does Microsoft Get Its Puzzles? <ul><li>They ask recreational problems that are stated in words and involve little or no math. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also encouraged that those working in Microsoft come up with “new” and presumably effective questions. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>These interview tests aim to make the candidate uncomfortable in order to provoke certain reactions that are believed to reflect how one candidate does under stress. </li></ul>Wall Street and the Stress Interview
  10. 11. <ul><li>First decide what kind of answer is expected. </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever you think of first is wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>Forget you ever learned calculus. </li></ul><ul><li>Big complicated questions usually have simple answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Simple questions often demand complicated answers. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Perfectly logical beings” are not like you and me. </li></ul><ul><li>See what happens when you reject each of these assumptions in succession. </li></ul><ul><li>Lay out the possible scenarios. </li></ul><ul><li>Give a good answer that the interviewer has never heard before. </li></ul>How to Outsmart the Puzzle Interview
  11. 12. <ul><li>The puzzle interview recognizes two discomforting facts about life: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With the rapid pace of changing of technology, there is no point in hiring for a specific soon-to-be-obsolete set of skills. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A bad hiring decision is likely to hurt the company more than a good hiring decision will help it. </li></ul></ul>How Innovative Companies Ought to Interview
  12. 13. <ul><li>Guidelines to get the information you need out of puzzle interviews: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The value of the puzzle is in inverse proportion to the candidate’s experience. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have an interview plan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An interview is not an IQ test. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A filter to prevent bad hires. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interview questions are only as fair as you make them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose questions so that it doesn’t matter whether the candidate has heard them before. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenge your first impression. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid “questions with no right answers” . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t do a “stress interview” . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t pass notes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid deception, even the common “white lies”. </li></ul></ul>How Innovative Companies Ought to Interview
  13. 14. <ul><li>Key to a Puzzle </li></ul><ul><li>The key to solving any puzzle is to be sensitive to the clues as to what kind of puzzle it is. </li></ul><ul><li>Be confident in answering the puzzle and of your answer. </li></ul>Sample Puzzle / Logic Questions and Answers
  14. 15. BusinessSummaries.com is a business book Summaries service. Every week, it sends out to subscribers a 9- to 12-page summary of a best-selling business book chosen from among the hundreds of books printed out in the United States. For more information, please go to http://www.bizsum.com. ABOUT BUSINESSSUMMARIES

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