historical setting The first traces of human presencein the territory of Sagalassos consist of hunting or flint producing campsites dating back to the Epipalaeolithic (ca. 12,000 BP).They belonged to hunter-gatherers who probably ventured from the coastal areas inland following the Kestros River (Aksu) in search forgame and flint. At the beginning of the Holocene, during the late 9th millennium BC, climatic improvement resulted in the spreading of woodland in theregion. The presence of woodland provided settlers practicing a mixed farming and hunter- gatherer economy ideal conditions for farming, animal breeding and hunting, which eventually resulted in the emergence of permanent settlements along the borders of Lake Burdur. Yet, farming andanimal husbandry did not affect all communities simultaneously and groups of hunter-gatherers must have coexisted besides societies practicing farming, herding or both. This photo was taken from the theatre building. The students are exploring the site.
Situation The archaeological site of Sagalassos is located in South-West Turkey, near thepresent town of Ağlasun (Burdur province), roughly 110 km to the north of Antalya (ancient Attalia). Sagalassos is set in thewestern part of the Taurus mountain rangewhich is bordered to the north by the high Anatolian plateau, while to the south it touches the Mediterranean. In ancienttimes, this region was known as Pisidia. The town, which is laid out on south-facing terraces at altitudes between 1450 and1600 m, is crowned by a steep, and today barren, limestone range of about 1800 m Antonine Nymphaeum (Fountain)high, extending in the east to the peaks of the formidable Akdağ (2271 m). Thetransition between a layer of limestone on Roman Heroon from the Augustan period top of less permeable ophiolitic and flyish deposits at this place resulted in advantageous hydrological conditions in which several permanent springs are situated. The inland position andmountainous character of Pisidia make the Oro-Mediterranean climatic regime morepronounced in this region, where summers are short, hot and mainly dry and winters colder and wetter than those in the coastal regions.
location ITS LOCATION IN TURKIYEOurTown The Ancient City of Sagalassos
when did they leave and why? Theatre under snow A view of Sagalassos from the top of the hill
how was the site rediscovered ?The ruins of the site wererediscovered in 1706 bya French traveller, PaulLucas, who at therequest of the FrenchKing Louis XIV undertooka travel inthe Ottoman Empire.Yet it took until 1824 Bouleuterion (Council Hall)before the Englishreverend F.V.J.Arundelldeciphered thename of Sagalassos in alocal inscription. Doric Temple
What does the name Sagalassos mean? Does it have a connection with Ağlasun? (the district is called Ağlasun now)Sagalassos is a typical Luwian Library buildingname. However, its meaningis not known.Ağlasun is derived from thename Agalassu recorded asearly as the 11thcentury AD, when one bishopof the city was called ‘Bishopof Agalassu’.The Seljukid Turks living inAğlasun adopted andadapted the name for theirsite in the valley below theancient city. Thus, there is a Library building (inside)clear connectionbetween the two names.
ANCIENT ROME IN YOUR MODERNTOWN DECEMBER 2011 THE CENTRAL VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL OF TRADE, BURDUR TURKIYE / E - TWINNING PROJECT GROUP