Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Legal Provisions For Deaf
Legal Provisions For Deaf
Legal Provisions For Deaf
Legal Provisions For Deaf
Legal Provisions For Deaf
Legal Provisions For Deaf
Legal Provisions For Deaf
Legal Provisions For Deaf
Legal Provisions For Deaf
Legal Provisions For Deaf
Legal Provisions For Deaf
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Legal Provisions For Deaf

1,219

Published on

An outline of the current situation vis a vis deaf people and their legal rights, interpreting services, education and the provisions of the People With Disability Act 1995

An outline of the current situation vis a vis deaf people and their legal rights, interpreting services, education and the provisions of the People With Disability Act 1995

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,219
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
30
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Legal Provisions in India Education Sign Language Role of Sign Language Interpreters
  • 2. What we will cover …
    • Look at the current legal provisions in India relating to the Deaf in the areas of:
      • Education
      • Sign Language
      • The role of Sign Language interpreters
    • Consider what is lacking
  • 3. Legal Provisions in India
    • The Constitution of India
      • Prior to 1995 there was no ‘disability status’
      • Remedies had to be sought under the principles of the Constitution
      • All statutes derive from the constitution
      • Where statutes fall short due to the limitations of their provisions the constitution can be invoked
  • 4. The Constitution of India Relevant Articles
    • Right to Equality (Article 14)
    • Right to Affirmative Action and Positive Discrimination (Articles 14, 15 and 16)
    • The right to life (Article 21)
      • Including the right to live with human dignity
    • Directive Principles of State Policy
      • Some of these specifically mention rights of persons with disabilities
  • 5. The Persons with Disabilities Act 1995
    • This Act outlines the rights to be provided to people with disabilities, and how the Government will provide these rights
    • Provisions of the Act are applicable to people with hearing impairment which is defined as a “loss of sixty decibels or more” (s.2(l))
    • Yet the provisions of the Act is lacking with regard to the Deaf and Hard of Hearing
  • 6.
    • The Act provides for 1% reservation in government jobs for people with hearing impairment (s.33(ii))
    • But no mention at all about:
      • sign language in schools
      • Appropriate signage
      • Interpreters in all public forums
      • The need for research in communication methods
  • 7. Education
    • The PWD Act reserves 3% seats for disabled students in all Government educational institutions
    • Every child with a disability should have access to free education until 18 years (s. 26(a))
    • Promotes research into developing new assistive devices, teaching aids and materials (s. 28)
    • Promotes teacher training programmes (s. 29)
  • 8.
    • Mandates that the Government should prepare a comprehensive education scheme (s. 30)
    • This includes the restructuring of the curriculum for the benefit of hearing impaired children – they only have to take one language! (s. 30(h))
  • 9. Education of the Deaf
    • Yet despite the legislation the state of education of the deaf is extremely poor
    • Teaching in deaf schools is not adequate
    • Mainstream schools remain closed to deaf pupils due to attitudes and communication barriers
  • 10. Sign Language
    • Unlike other countries ISL has no status in Indian education
    • ISL not standardised across India
    • Few efforts made to understand the nature of Indian Sign Language
    • Some efforts to compile Indian Sign Language dictionaries – but often not much more than 2000 words
    • Yet Sign Language used by the deaf certainly consists of more than that!
  • 11. Sign Language Interpreters
    • Major concern is to break down communication barrier
    • But no current legislation on this
    • No mention in the PWD Act about sign language or the provision of sign language interpreters in schools and public forums

×