Language Development In Deaf Children

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simple explanation of how deaf children acquire language

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Language Development In Deaf Children

  1. 1. LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT IN A DEAF CHILD
  2. 2. HOW LANGUAGE DEVELOPS <ul><li>Language is developed in two ways: </li></ul><ul><li>Language acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Language learning </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Language development in a normal environment with any language accessible to the child is identical. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>All languages are equal in this regard. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Critical period. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Learning is the key activity between ages 0-5. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>80% of our total knowledge is learned during the first five years.The largest part of this is language development in the brain. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>THIS IS CALLED COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Some Characteristics Of 5 Year Olds Who Have Normal Language Development . </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Self image is strong. </li></ul><ul><li>Know who they are and can identify family members by relationship words.  </li></ul><ul><li>Have a command over 1500- 2000 words in their home language.   </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Use full sentences.  </li></ul><ul><li>Use grammatically correct language.  </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to past and future events, places and persons not present etc. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>When language is accessible the child’s development is normal. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Hearing child of hearing parents </li></ul><ul><li>Deaf child of deaf parents </li></ul><ul><li>Deaf child of hearing parents </li></ul>3 Family Examples
  14. 14. FIRST TWO FAMILIES <ul><li>Accessible language </li></ul><ul><li>Full integration into family </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Full participation in family Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Clear communication both expressive and receptive </li></ul>
  16. 16. Deaf child of hearing parents <ul><li>Language inaccessible </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Family activities are not accessible and comprehensible </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Communication is a serious problem as the child’s need for it grows faster than his skills do. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Majority language </li></ul><ul><li>Minority language </li></ul>
  20. 20. Hearing child of Deaf parents <ul><li>Development is identical to the deaf child of deaf parents </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible language </li></ul><ul><li>Full integration into family </li></ul><ul><li>Full participation in family Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Strong bonding </li></ul><ul><li>Clear communication both expressive and receptive </li></ul><ul><li>Majority language is developed automatically as the environment provides ample auditory input through extended family, TV, neighbours, pre-school etc. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>For years people have equated language with speech. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>This is not correct. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Speech is one way to express language </li></ul><ul><li>Other ways are…. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Braille for the blind </li></ul><ul><li>Sign language for the deaf </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>We cannot confuse the media whereby we convey meaning with the meaning itself. </li></ul><ul><li>A language written in a script not its own is not a foreign language. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Hum sab milkar </li></ul><ul><li>ghoomne ja rahe hain! </li></ul>
  26. 26. Language is a brain function.
  27. 27. <ul><li>SIGN LANGUAGE STIMULATES THE BRAIN IN THE SAME WAY THAT A SPOKEN LANGUAGE DOES. </li></ul>
  28. 28. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IS DIRECTLY LINKED TO COMPREHENSIBLE INPUTS IN AN ACCESSIBLE LANGUAGE
  29. 29. THANK YOU

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