Satipatthana Sutta Workshop - S12.1 Samatha & Vipassana
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Satipatthana Sutta Workshop - S12.1 Samatha & Vipassana

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This set of slides is from the Satipatthana Workshop conducted by Venerable Aggacitta at Sasanarakkha Buddhist Sanctuary between July 26-29, 2012. ...

This set of slides is from the Satipatthana Workshop conducted by Venerable Aggacitta at Sasanarakkha Buddhist Sanctuary between July 26-29, 2012.

Permission is given to redistribute without any modifications, for non-commercial purposes only.

These slides explore the meaning of samatha, vipassana and compared these 2 concepts. These slides also cover the concept of sankhara.

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    Satipatthana Sutta Workshop - S12.1 Samatha & Vipassana Satipatthana Sutta Workshop - S12.1 Samatha & Vipassana Presentation Transcript

    • What is Samatha & Vipassanā?Buddha’s Definition according toTatiya·samādhi Sutta (AN 4:94) 1
    • What Is Samatha?1. kathaṁ cittaṁ How is the citta to be ‘made saṇṭhapetabbaṁ? to stand properly’ (steadied)?2. kathaṁ cittaṁ How is the citta to be ‘made sannisādetabbaṁ? to sit properly’ (settle down)?3. kathaṁ cittaṁ How is the citta to be ekodi kātabbaṁ? made unified ?4. kathaṁ cittaṁ How is the citta to be brought samādahātabbaṁ? together & placed (composed)? SAMATHA = STILLING
    • What Is Vipassanā? 1. kathaṁ saṅkhārā How are saṅkhārā daṭṭhabbā? to be seen? 2. kathaṁ saṅkhārā How are saṅkhārā sammasitabbā? to be investigated? 3. kathaṁ saṅkhārā How are saṅkhārā vipassitabbā? to be seen distinctly?vi = clear, distinct; distinguish, separate; special; various passanā = seeing VIPASSANĀ = DISTINCT SEEING
    • Samatha vs VipassanāSamatha is about how to still the mind(citta). It is not about objects of focus—whether conceptual objects (paññatti) orultimate realities (paramattha dhammā).Vipassanā is about the object of focus—which is saṅkhārā—and how to regard them,investigate them, and develop insightfulunderstanding about them.
    • What is “Saṅkhārā”?Handa dāni, bhikkhave, Now, monks,āmantayāmi vo let me address you:“vayadhammā saṅkhārā; “Saṅkhārā have the nature ofappamādena vanishing; with heedfulnesssampādethā”ti. fulfil [your goal].”Aniccā vata saṅkhārā, Impermanent indeed are saṅkhārā,uppādavayadhammino. Their nature is arising & vanishing.uppajjitvā nirujjhanti, Having arisen they cease.tesaṃ vūpasamo sukho. Their appeasement is happiness. Mahāparinibbāna Sutta SN 6:15
    • What is “Saṅkhārā”?“kiñca, bhikkhave, “And what, monks,saṅkhāre vadetha? do you call ‘saṅkhārā’? Becausesaṅkhatamabhisaṅkharontī they condition the conditioned—ti kho, bhikkhave, tasmā thus they are called ‘conditioned‘saṅkhārā’ti vuccati. conditioners’ Khajjanīya Sutta SN 22:79Used in the context of the 4th khandha
    • How to “See” Saṅkhārā“sabbe saṅkhārā aniccā”ti, “All saṅkhārā are impermanent”—yadā paññāya passati. when one sees with wisdom,atha nibbindati dukkhe, one wearies of suffering.esa maggo visuddhiyā. This is the path to purification.“sabbe saṅkhārā dukkhā”ti, “All saṅkhārā are suffering”—yadā paññāya passati. when one sees with wisdom,atha nibbindati dukkhe, one wearies of suffering.esa maggo visuddhiyā. This is the path to purification.“sabbe dhammā anattā”ti, “All dhammā are not-self”—yadā paññāya passati. when one sees with wisdom,atha nibbindati dukkhe, one wearies of suffering.esa maggo visuddhiyā. This is the path to purification. Dhammapada (#277 – #279)
    • How to “See” Saṅkhārā“...yadaniccaṃ taṃ “...what is impermanent—that isdukkhaṃ; yaṃ dukkhaṃ suffering; what is suffering—tadanattā; yadanattā taṃ that is not-self; what is not-self—‘netaṃ mama, ‘this is not mine,nesohamasmi, this is not me,na meso attā’ti evametaṃ this is not my self,’ thus is ityathābhūtaṃ to be seen with right wisdomsammappaññāya as it has occurred.daṭṭhabbaṃ...“evaṃ passaṃ... sutavā Thus seeing... the informed nobleariyasāvako... nibbindati. disciple... wearies of (the 5 Kh).nibbindaṃ virajjati; virāgā Being weary, he detaches; due tovimuccati.... detachment, he is liberated... Yadanicca Sutta SN 22.15
    • Paññā & Viññāṇa“...Yā cāvuso, paññā yañca “...paññā and viññāṇa—viññāṇaṃ—ime dhammā these states aresaṃsaṭṭhā, no visaṃsaṭṭhā. conjoined, not disjoined.Na ca labbhā imesaṃ It is impossible to separate thesedhammānaṃ vinibbhujitvā states from each othervinibbhujitvā nānākaraṇaṃ in order to describe the differencepaññāpetuṃ....” between them.‘‘...imesaṃ dhammānaṃ ...between these statessaṃsaṭṭhānaṃ no that are conjoined,visaṃsaṭṭhānaṃ paññā not disjoined: paññā is to bebhāvetabbā, viññāṇaṃ developed, viññāṇa is to be fullypariññeyyaṃ. Idaṃ nesaṃ understood. This is the differencenānākaraṇan’’ti between them. Mahāvedalla Sutta MN 43