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Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?
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Lima's Barriadas - Slums of Hope or Despair?

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  • 1. The Barriadas of Lima, Peru: Slums of Hope or Despair? Problem or Solution? Professor Bill Chambers Pro Vice-Chancellor External Relations & Widening Participation Hampshire GA March 2009
  • 2. Lecture Structure
    • Peru
    • Migration
    • Housing in Lima
    • Growth of Lima
    • Progressive Development
    • Employment
    • Government Policies
    • Hope or Despair?
  • 3. Source: www.politicalresources.net
  • 4. Peru Three Zones Costa Atacama Desert (driest in the world) Sierra Andes (2 nd highest mountains in world) Selva Amazon (largest tropical rainforest in world)
  • 5. Costa: The Atacama Desert
  • 6. Sierra: The Andes
  • 7. Selva: The Amazon Basin
  • 8.
    • 2. Migration
  • 9.  
  • 10. Peru: Population by Region
  • 11. Primacy of Lima: ‘the head of a giant on the body of a dwarf’ 29
  • 12. Reasons for Primacy
    • capital city (work, culture, civilisation)
    • largest port (Callao)
    • traditional home of Vice-Roy in Colonial
  • 13. Growth of Lima
    • >50% migration
    • 50% Andes
    • central-southern Andes
    • mainly young
    • rural poverty
    • land tenure
    • infant mortality
    • guerrillas
    • cocaine
  • 14.
    • 3. Housing in Lima
  • 15. Callejon
  • 16.  
  • 17. Barriadas
    • A residential community
    • formed by low income families in which the
    • houses are constructed in large measure by the residents themselves and
    • which are generally but not exclusively formed illegally.
    • (Collins 1975)
  • 18.
    • 4. Growth of Lima
  • 19. Source: J. Matos Mar 1977 Las Barriadas de Lima 1957
  • 20. Source: J. Matos Mar 1977 Las Barriadas de Lima 1967
  • 21. Source: J. Matos Mar 1977 Las Barriadas de Lima 1977
  • 22. San Cristobal Centro cerro
  • 23. Rio Rimac floodplain : Carmen de la Legua and San Martin de Porres 1965
  • 24. Comas 16-3-1945 Andes foothills
  • 25. Comas 1965
  • 26. Southern Atacama desert: Tupac Amaru
  • 27. 6. The Invasion
    • After several years residence
    • Pay to join invasion committee
    • Planned by architects
    • On Holy Days, National Holidays, Public Holidays, weekends, government crisis
    • Appeal to patriotism or religiosity of nation or landlords
  • 28.
    • 7. Progressive Development
  • 29. Progressive Development
    • The gradual development over time of housing, community, utilities and employment.
    • Depends on finance, health, motivation, priorities and government policy
  • 30. Progressive Development of Homes
    • chosa (matting hut)
    • peripheral wall
    • internal walls
    • concrete roof
    • second floor
    • more
  • 31. chosas
  • 32. Chosa, peripheral wall from casa noble
  • 33. Wood Water cylinder cement bag
  • 34. Roofing: tiles, iron, electricity tubes
  • 35. Roofing concreting
  • 36. Finished casa noble : windows, doors, concrete roof
  • 37. Casa noble Carmen de la Legua 1965
  • 38. Carmen de la Legua 1965
  • 39. Carmen de la Legua 1982
  • 40. Carmen de la Legua 2003 By 1974 its transformation into an urban barrio was almost complete – paved roads, uniform lotes, water and electrical services, urban style houses constructed with permanent materials, and a central plaza around which stood municipal buildings, a movie theatre, and a church all were established.’ (Lobo 1982 p 42)
  • 41. Moving from Carmen de la Legua to Comas Carmen de la Legua 1965 view of my house
  • 42. Carmen de la Legua 1982 view of my house
  • 43. Carmen de la Legua 2003 view of home
  • 44. Comas Avenida Tupac Amaru 1965
  • 45. Comas Avenida Tupac Amaru 1982
  • 46. Comas Avenida Tupac Amaru 2003
  • 47. Maria: Restaurante El Once 1965 and Salon de Belleza 1983 Comas
  • 48.  
  • 49.
    • 6. Employment
  • 50. Ambulante selling tobacco, chewing gum, sweets
  • 51. Open air office
  • 52. domestica
  • 53. Mobile furniture store
  • 54.  
  • 55.  
  • 56.  
  • 57.
    • 7. Government Policies
  • 58. Government Policies
    • Do nothing
    • Eradicate
    • Contain
    • Site and Service, Improve & Incorporate
    • Unease
    • Minimum modern standard
    • Too little, too expensive, too late
  • 59.
    • Barriadas
    • Hope or Despair?
    • Problem or Solution?
  • 60. References
    • http://www.comasweb.com
    • Chambers, B. 2005 The barriadas of Lima: Slums of Hope or Despair? Problems or Solutions? Geography 90, 2002-224
    • Dietz, H. 1998 Urban Poverty, Political Participation and the State: Lima 1970-1990. University of Pittsburgh Press
    • Gilbert, A. 1994 The Latin American City . Latin America Bureau.
    • Lloyd, P. 1980 The ‘Young Towns’ of Lima. Cambridge University Press.
    • Lobo, S. 1982 A House of My Own. University of Arizona Press.
    • Morrish, M. 1984 Squatter Settlement in the Third World. Geography 16-19. Longman.

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