Milleks meile õpitehnoloogia standardid?

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Loeng Tallinna Ülikooli haridustehnoloogia magistriõppe kursusel IFI7053 Digitaalsete õppematerjalide koostamine. 15. märts 2014.

Loeng Tallinna Ülikooli haridustehnoloogia magistriõppe kursusel IFI7053 Digitaalsete õppematerjalide koostamine. 15. märts 2014.

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  • 1. Milleks meile õpitehnoloogia standardid? Hans Põldoja
  • 2. Metaandmed
  • 3. http://www.curriki.org
  • 4. Dublin Core
  • 5. Dublin Core • Infoobjektide metaandmete standard (1995) • Dublin Core Metadata Element Set,Version 1.1 (2012) http://dublincore.org/documents/dces/
  • 6. http://dublincore.org
  • 7. Dublin Core 1.1 elemendid (1) • contributor • coverage • creator • date • description • format
  • 8. Dublin Core 1.1 elemendid (2) • identifier • language • publisher • relation • rights • source
  • 9. Dublin Core 1.1 elemendid (3) • subject • title • type
  • 10. DC praktiline kasutus • Kirjutatakse XHTML faili päisesse • Ükski element ei ole kohustuslik • Iga elementi võib korrata • Elementide järjekord ei ole oluline
  • 11. DC näited <meta name="DC.title" content="Kevade" /> <meta name="DC.creator" content="Luts, Oskar" />
  • 12. http://dspace.utlib.ee/dspace/handle/10062/19332
  • 13. Õpiobjektide metaandmete standard
  • 14. IEEE LOM • IEEE Learning Object Metadata (2002) • Põhineb Dublin Core,ARIADNE ja IMS tööl • 58 elementi 9 kategoorias • http://ltsc.ieee.org/wg12/files/ LOM_1484_12_1_v1_Final_Draft.pdf
  • 15. http://ltsc.ieee.org/wg12/
  • 16. (Hermann, 2002)
  • 17. IEEE LOM kategooriad (1) • General • Life Cycle • Meta-Metadata • Technical • Educational • Rights
  • 18. IEEE LOM kategooriad (2) • Relation • Annotation • Classification
  • 19. Hariduslikud metaandmed (1) • Interactivity Type • Learning Resource Type • Interactivity Level • Semantic Density • Intended End User Role • Context
  • 20. Hariduslikud metaandmed (2) • Typical Age Range • Difficulty • Typical Learning Time • Description • Language
  • 21. 15 July 2002 FINAL DRAFT STANDARD IEEE 1484.12.1-2002 Copyright © 2002 IEEE. All rights reserved. This is an approved IEEE Standards Draft, subject to changes in final publication by IEEE - SA 28 Nr Name Explanation Size Order Value space Datatype Example 5.5 Intended End User Role Principal user(s) for which this learning object was designed, most dominant first. NOTE 1:--A learner works with a learning object in order to learn something. An author creates or publishes a learning object. A manager manages the delivery of this learning object, e.g., a university or college. The document for a manager is typically a curriculum. NOTE 2:--In order to describe the intended end user role through the skills the user is intended to master, or the tasks he or she is intended to be able to accomplish, the category 9:Classification can be used. smallest permitted maximum: 10 items teacher author learner manager Vocabulary (State) An authoring tool that produces pedagogical material is a typical example of a learning object whose intended end user is an author 5.6 Context The principal environment within which the learning and use of this learning object is intended to take place. NOTE:--Suggested good practice is to use one of the values of the value space and to use an additional instance of this data element for further refinement, as in ("LOMv1.0","higher education") and ("http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/ onderwijsinvlaanderen/Default.htm" , "kandidatuursonderwijs") smallest permitted maximum: 10 items unordered school higher education training other Vocabulary (State) - (IEEE, 2002)
  • 22. IEEE LOM rakendusprofiilid • Rakendusprofiil (Application Profile) on komplekt metaandmete elemente ning reegleid ja soovitusi nende kasutamiseks konkreetses süsteemis • The EUN Learning Resource Exchange Metadata Application Profile 4.7: http://lreforschools.eun.org/ web/guest/metadata
  • 23. LRE AP 4.7 õppematerjali tüübid Resources: application, assessment, broadcast, case study, course, demonstration, drill and practice, educational game, enquiry-oriented activity, experiment, exploration, glossary, guide (advice sheets), lesson plan, open activity, other, presentation, project, reference, role play, simulation, textbook, tool, website. Social media: bookmark sharing platform, image sharing platform, reference sharing platform, sound sharing platform, video sharing platform, weblog, wiki. Assets: audio, data, model, text, video.
  • 24. ISO/IEC 19788 • ISO/IEC 19788 Information technology – Learning, education and training – Metadata for learning resources • ISO poolt juhitav LOM edasiarendus, mille 10-st kavandatud osast on hetkel valmis 5. • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO/IEC_19788
  • 25. Kursuse metaandmed
  • 26. Kursuse metaandmed • Metadata for Learning Opportunities - Advertising (MLO-AD) (2008/2011, EU): ftp://ftp.cenorm.be/ PUBLIC/CWAs/e-Europe/WS-LT/ CWA15903-00-2008-Dec.pdf • XCRI Course Advertising Profile (XCRI-CAP) (2012, UK): http://www.xcri.org/wiki/index.php/ XCRI_CAP_1.2
  • 27. http://www.xcri.co.uk
  • 28. Kursuse info (selection) EN ET Options EN XCRI 1.2 MLO Title Nimetus <title> Title Course ID Ainekood <identifier> Identifier Provider <provider> mlo:LearningOpportunityProvider Credits Ainepunkte <credit> mlo:credit Facilitator Õppejõud Education Level Haridustase <educationLevel> mlo:level Language of Instruction Keel <languageOfInstruction> mlo:languageOfInstruction Attendance Mode CM Campus, DA Distance with attendance, DS Distance without attendance, NC Face- to-face non-campus, MM Mixed mode, ON Online (no attendance), WB Work-based <attendanceMode> mlo:engagement Objective Eesmärgid <objective> mlo:objective Description Kirjeldus <description> Description Learning Outcomes Õpiväljundid <learningOutcome> Assessment Hindamismeetodid <assessment> mlo:assessment Prerequisite Eeldusained <prerequisite> mlo:prerequisite Starting Date Alguskuupäev <start> mlo:start Ending Date Lõppkuupäev <end> Enrollment Procedure By the facilitator, Moderated, Open Apply Until Registreerumise tähtaeg <applyUntil> Permission Ligipääs Course participants, Logged in, All Course Tag Kursuse märksõna Image Pilt <image> Status Staatus Preparation, Active, Finished
  • 29. Repositooriumide andmevahetus
  • 30. Repositooriumide andmevahetus • Simple Query Interface (SQI) võimaldab teostada sünkroonseid ja asünkroonseid päringuid teistesse repositooriumidesse • Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) võimaldab pakkuda repositooriumidel oma metaandmeid teistele repositooriumidele kogumiseks
  • 31. http://www.openarchives.org/pmh/
  • 32. Sisupakettide standardid
  • 33. SCORM • SCORM: Shareable Content Object Reference Model • Kursuse taaskasutamine tervikuna ja õppematerjali sidumine õpikeskkonnaga • Põhineb IMS Content Packaging spetsifikatsioonil
  • 34. http://www.adlnet.gov/scorm/
  • 35. SCORM versioonid • SCORM 1.0 (2000) • SCORM 1.1 (2001) • SCORM 1.2 (2001) • SCORM 2004 (1. ja 2. trükk 2004, 3. trükk 2006, 4. trükk 2009)
  • 36. SCORM 2004 raamatud • SCORM Overview — ülevaade • Content Aggregation Model (CAM) — SCORM paketi komponendid, pakendamine ja transport • Run-Time Environment (RTE) — SCORM sisupakettide serveerimine ÕHS’is • Sequencing and Navigation (SN) — liikumine ühelt peatükilt teisele • SCORM Conformance Requirements — SCORM sertifikaadile vastamise nõuded
  • 37. imsmanifest.xml <?xml version="1.0" standalone="no" ?> <manifest identifier="MANIFEST_IDENTIFIER" version="1.0" xmlns="http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imscp_v1p1" xmlns:adlcp="http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlcp_v1p3" xmlns:adlnav="http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlnav_v1p3" xmlns:adlseq="http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlseq_v1p3" xmlns:imsss="http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imsss" xmlns:lom="http://ltsc.ieee.org/xsd/LOM" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imscp_v1p1 imscp_v1p1.xsd http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlcp_v1p3 adlcp_v1p3.xsd http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlnav_v1p3 adlnav_v1p3.xsd http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlseq_v1p3 adlseq_v1p3.xsd http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imsss imsss_v1p0.xsd http://ltsc.ieee.org/xsd/LOM lom.xsd"> <metadata> <schema>ADL SCORM</schema> <schemaversion>CAM 1.3</schemaversion> </metadata> <organizations/> <resources/> </manifest> (Rebas, 2008)
  • 38. Peatükid <organizations default="ORG-001"> <!-- The default activity tree. --> <organization identifier="ORG-001" structure="hierarchical"> <title>SCORM spetsifikatsioon</title> <item identifier="ACT-001" identifierref="RES-001"> <title>SCORMi ajalugu ja idee</title> </item> <item identifier="ACT-002" identifierref="RES-002"> <title>SCORM paketi ülesehitus ja toimimine</title> </item> </organization> </organizations> (Rebas, 2008)
  • 39. Ressurss <resources>    <resource id="RES-001" type="webcontent" adlcp:scormType="asset">         <file href="example2.xml"/>    </resource>    <resource id="RES-002" type="webcontent" adlcp:scormType="asset">         <file href="example3.xml"/>    </resource> </resources> (Rebas, 2008)
  • 40. SCORM loomise vahendid • eXe: http://www.exelearning.org • CourseLab: http://www.courselab.com/ • Xerte: http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/xerte/ • http://docs.moodle.org/26/en/ Tools_for_creating_SCORM_content
  • 41. Common Cartridge
  • 42. http://www.imsglobal.org/cc/
  • 43. Common Cartridge eelised • Testid on standardses formaadis (5 küsimusetüüpi) • Pakett võib sisaldada viiteid välistele materjalidele • Interaktsioon väliste vahendite, rakenduste ja teenustega • Paindlikud ligipääsuõigused sisule
  • 44. Vahendid CC koostamiseks • Tasuta: • eXe Learning: http://www.exelearning.org • AContent: http://atutor.ca/acontent/ • Kommertstarkvara: • SoftChalk: http://softchalk.com
  • 45. Tin Can API
  • 46. http://tincanapi.com
  • 47. Tin Can eelised SCORM’i ees • Detailsemad testide tulemused • LMS ega brauser pole vajalikud • Mobiilirakenduste tugi • Simulatsioonide, tõsimängude ja muude õppevormide jälgimine
  • 48. Tin Can API tööpõhimõte • Inimesed õpivad erinevaid vahendeid ja õppevorme kasutades • Tegevused salvestatakse alus-öeldis-sihitis (“Mina tegin seda”) kujul Learning Records Store süsteemi (LRS) • LRS salvestab tegevused ja saab neid jagada teiste LRS’idega. LRS töötab iseseisvalt või LMS sees.
  • 49. Tin Can API sõnavara • Tegevused (Verbs): https://registry.tincanapi.com/ #home/verbs • Objektid (Activity types): https:// registry.tincanapi.com/#home/activityTypes
  • 50. http://www.adlnet.gov/tla/experience-api/
  • 51. http://learninglocker.net
  • 52. Küsimused ja testid
  • 53. IMS QTI • IMS Question & Test Interoperability Specification 2.1 (2012) • IMS QTI küsimuste tüübid on kirjas IMS Question and Test Interoperability Implementation Guide juhendis • IMS QTI versioonis 2.1 on 16 erinevat küsimusetüüpi
  • 54. http://www.imsglobal.org/question/
  • 55. choiceInteraction (multi-choice)
  • 56. choiceInteraction (multi-response)
  • 57. orderInteraction
  • 58. associateInteraction
  • 59. matchInteraction
  • 60. gapMatchInteraction
  • 61. inlineChoice
  • 62. textEntryInteraction
  • 63. extendedTextInteraction
  • 64. hottextInteraction
  • 65. hotspotInteraction
  • 66. selectPointInteraction
  • 67. graphicOrderInteraction
  • 68. graphicAssociateInteraction
  • 69. graphicGapMatchInteraction
  • 70. positionObjectInteraction
  • 71. sliderInteraction
  • 72. Lisalugemist
  • 73. http://www.cen-ltso.net
  • 74. Viited • Hermann,T. (2002). Overview of LOM Draft 6.4. http://www.sreb.org/programs/ EdTech/SCORE/SCORE_Users_Guide.pdf • IEEE (2002). Draft Standard for Learning Object Metadata. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE. • IMS Global Learning Consortium (2006). IMS Question and Test Interoperability Implementation Guide:Version 2.1 Public Draft (revision 2) Specification. • Rebas,V. (2008). SCORM-sisupakettide esitlusvahend e-õppekeskkonnas IVA. http://www.cs.tlu.ee/instituut/opilaste_tood/bakalaureuse_ja_diplomitood/ 2008_kevad/Vahur_Rebas/Vahur_Rebas_Bakalaureuse_Too.pdf
  • 75. Kasutatud fotod • Alan Levine, http://www.flickr.com/photos/cogdog/4106215673/
  • 76. See materjal on avaldatud Creative Commons Autorile viitamine–Jagamine samadel tingimustel 3.0 Eesti litsentsi alusel. Litsentsi terviktekstiga tutvumiseks külastage aadressi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ee/ Hans Põldoja hans.poldoja@tlu.ee Digitaalsete õppematerjalide koostamine http://oppematerjalid.wordpress.com Tallinna Ülikool Informaatika Instituut