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LimitationsEU Copyright Directive lists a number of limitations thatcan be applied by the member states, including: • Reproductions by public libraries, educational institutions or archives for non-commercial use; • Use for illustration for teaching or scientiﬁc research, to the extent justiﬁed by the non-commercial purpose; • Communication of works to the public within the premises of public libraries, educational institutions, museums or archives (Directive 2001/29/EC)
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Three “Layers” of licenses (Creative Commons, 2012)
What are OER’s?Open Educational Resources (OER) are digitalmaterials that can be re-used for teaching, learning,research and more, made available free through openlicenses, which allow uses of the materials that wouldnot be easily permitted under copyright alone. (Wikipedia, 2012)