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Gerrymandering

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  • 1. Assume the map below shows one that Orange County used for elections. Each election Orange County is made up of threeelection districts (polling stations are labeled A – I).In the past, the three districts have been: • North Orange County comprised of polling stations A, B, & C • Central Orange County comprised of polling stations D, E, & F • South Orange County comprised of polling stations G, H,& IThe state government wants to change the boundaries of each district, and this will reassign polling stations as follows: • West Orange County comprised of polling stations A, D, & G • Central Orange County comprised of polling stations B, E, & H • East Orange County comprised of polling stations C, F,& IBy examining the results from each polling station for the last election, determine what difference the re-alignment wouldmake in future elections if voting patterns at each polling station remained similar. In other words, which party won eachdistrict in the previous election, and what party will win each district in the proposed new alignment. Original Alignment Proposed New Alignment A B C A B C D E F D E F G H I G H I Votes for Votes for Polling Republicans Democrats Republicans Democrats Station Previous Alignment Total Votes Total Votes A 3200 1800 North Orange County (ABC) B 2850 2150 Central Orange County (DEF) C 3000 2000 South Orange County (GHI) D 2300 2700 E 2550 2450 New Alignment F 2600 2400 Total Votes Total Votes G 2400 2600 West Orange County (ADG) H 2300 2700 Central Orange County (BEH) I 2700 2300 East Orange County (CFI)1. In the previous election how many of the 3 seats did each party win?2. If the new alignment is used, and the voting pattern is similar, how many of the 3 seats will each part win?3. Based upon this difference, which party do you believe is proposing the change?4. Attempt to come up with a situation where a type of gerrymandering might occur that is not done purely for the purpose of 1 party gaining an advantage. 157

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